United Steel, Paper & Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial & Service Workers International Union, AFL-CIO v. Team Carriers Incorporated, No. 7:2013cv00358 - Document 11 (W.D. Va. 2013)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 08/23/2013. (rkc)
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CLERK' OFFI U. , ST. O URT S CE e DI AT RoANoc , VA FI ED L I TH E UN TED STA TES DI N STR I CO U RT CT FO R TH E W ESTERN DISTRIC T O F VIR G INIA R O AN O K E D I SION VI IN I J TED STEE L , PER & Fo l EsTRv , PA t RU BBER ,M A NU FA C TI R ING J ENERGY, EDI T Q & ALLI NDUS RI AL6 23 2 1 23 JULA C. I DUDL CL EM ERK BY: C i lA ct on N o.7:13cv00358 vi i sEl l E w o l tER s I TER NA TIO NA L tv c u N INI J ON,AFL- O CI M EM OM ND U M O PI IO N N Pl nt f , ai i f TEAM CA R RIER S IN CO RPO M TED , By: Sam uelG .W ison l Unied St es Di t ctJudge t at s ri Def endant . Asacons ue eofc ttvebi ng, m Caresl .(' m c re s or'he eq nc ompeii ddi Tea rir nc, 'ea arir ' ' t t Co ny' aCovi on, r ni c mpa ' ) ngt Vigi a omorton,whihi uni ze l tisc r tt pr de ai c s oni d,os t ontac o ovi Mea W esva (' W ' l a tuc ngs r ie a no plnst s lt t s ce sul d t co ' ' oc l r ki e vc s nd w a o el o he uc sf M ) c pe ii bi rve c esa t a l r i no l ng rne ds Thi i a a t o by Te m Ca re s om ttve dde hi l nd r ie s t o e e . s s n c i n a rir ' uni t Unied St l Pa r & For ty, on, he t ee , pe esr Rubber M a ac urng, r A li d l t i l& , nuf t i Ene gy, le ndus ra Ser c W or r l emai lUni AFL- O (' 'or'heUnin' pu s ntt Se ton vie kes nt tona on, CI ' USW ' ' t o ' rua o ci ) 301oft La - a ge ntReltonsAc of1 47, U. C.j185a)t or re he borM na me ai t 9 29 S. ( o de xpedie td a bir ton o a pe ng g i va c r ta i n ndi r e nce once ni t s e a t r t a n t s l untlt r i a r ng he al nd o esr i he a e i he e s d iinbyt abirt .Thecour e j nst pr edsl t t s c sulbide oris ecso he r taor t noi he opos ae o he uc esf d r t age spe ngabir ton(ondii donUSW tmeyposi abondi t a nt ndi r tai c tone i l tng n he mountof $25 000)butde esUSW ' m otont c 0, ni S i o ompele die a bir ton.Theopi on t tf l ws xpe t d r tai ni ha olo st andsast s cour' fndi off tand concl ons ofl . hi ts i ngs ac usi aw r Compa sf iur 'o r uie'Ga tn Tr ki 'o a e t cole tveba gani a e m e ' ny' al e ' eq r ' re uc ng ' cc pt he lc i t t r i ng gr e nt' i ac or nc w ih t s ce s s p pr s on oft CBA .l al o s n c da e t he uc s or hi ovi i he t s oughtt e o xpedie t a bir ton. Though t Com pa y ha a r e t a bir t t diput ,i ha de lne t e die r ta i he n s g e d o r ta e he s e t s c i d o xpe t a bir ton c a m i t ti ha no r l tons p wih G a t n, ha G a t i no is s ce s but r t a i l i ng ha t s e a i hi t re t t ren s t t uc s or s m pl t s ce s ulbi r a t tt Com pa i nots li isope a i nst Ga t n but i y he uc s f dde , nd ha he ny s e lng t r to o re s m pl a f w tuc a t a l r whi h t Com pa no l rne . i y e r ks nd r ie s c he ny onge eds Uns ce s uli is e f t t e uc s f n t f ors o xpedie a bir ton,t U ni t l d s ti t sc t t r ta i he on i e ui n hi our p rua t oj3 o Au u t1 2 3 s e i t c mp le p dtdabtai na dt e j i t u s n t 01 n g s , 01 , e kng o o e x e ie r irto n o n on he Com pa f om s lng orta f r i a s t pe ng a bir ton. O n A ug t8, 3, he Uni ny r eli r ns e r ng s e s ndi r ta i us 201 t on flds p rigd caainsa dg ven tc o isitn t se ap ei n r ij n to o ie u po t e lr t n a oie f t n e to e k r lmia y nu cin n n o Augus 1 201 The Com pa r s nded w ih a m e or ndum i opposton a a de l r ton t 6, 3. ny e po t m a n ii nd ca ai s uppo tng isopposton. A tt s he e A ugus 1 201 hea i t pa te pr uc d no ri t ii he c dul d t 6, 3, rng, he r i s od e e denc beyond t de l a i and doc e st ha a r a s bm it d a c vi e he c ar tons um nt hey d l e dy u te nd ouns f t el or he Uni r pr e e t theha t l d wih c on e es nt d ha d a ke t ouns lf t Compa a t thet e or he ny nd ha hough t tt t ha he c e c d be s it d on t dec a a i ns as oul ubm te he l r to . lI . The Co pa cl i st ti i nots li isope a i b s m pl a f w t uc a m ny a m ha t s e lng t r tons ut i y e r ks nd talr a dt th Un o ' giv n e tee o e i n ts be t abtai na dta teUn o ries n ha te i ns re a c ,h r f r, s o u jd o r irto n h th in ha notohe wies s t r s howni i e ildt ij tverle .Att rs ofoveri ii to t t s ntte o nunci eif he ik smplfcain,he U ni i e f c a guest tt que tons ofa bir lt a t c tsa hort t i s a on n f e t r ha he s i r tabiiy, nd he our ' ut iy o s ue n ij ton,ditlt whehe t is ma beabir bl,whehert postoniwiles ei n unci sil o t r he sue y r ta e t he ii t l pous n a bir ton i s fc e l s und t pr ntt a bir ton fom be ng a f ie e a r a r t a i s uf i i nty o o eve he r t a i r i utl nde vo , nd 1 9 l albo dip t i s be tt b n igabtain, ndij n tv r l fn toh r s 1 . f a r s u e s u j c o i dn r i to a nu cie ei o te wie r e pr c ude by N or i - Gua di ,a co tm us t n d i w he he i i a opra e t e e a el d rs La r a ur t he ec de t r t s ppr i t o nt r n ij n to t e t eg n rlsa d r sg venn p ei n r ij n tv r l f S eDitit1 . nu cin md r h e e a tn ad o r ig rlmia y nu cie ei . e src 7 e Unie M i W or r ofAmeiav. td ne ke s rc Apoge Coa Co. 1 F. 1 (t Ci.1 93 . e l , 3 3d 34 4h r 9 ) W i e v. t alRes c Dee eCouncll ,555U. 7( ntr Naur oures fns i, nc. S. 2008)e tbls st sa ihe he ge rlsa r f i i prlmi r ij tver i .' caerquiespa tesse ng nea tnda d or mposng ei nay nunci elef ' That s e r ri e ki prlmi r ij to t demonsrt t t()t yaelkeyt s e o t meis ( t ei nay nuncins o tae ha 1 he r i l o ucc ed n he rt,2) hey aelkeyt s f rirpaa eham,( )t baa eofhads pstpsi t i fvor a ( t r i l o ufe re rbl r 3 he lnc r hi i n her a , nd 4) he ij ncin i i tep bl itr s. Pa h yv. l , 0 F.d3 7 3 0(t Ci. 01 ) l ti nu to s n h u i nee t' s b Dei 7 9 3 0 , 2 4 h r 2 3 . n h s c ' a c r ui, o s ic t t how t lkelhood ofs c s on t m e isi t c e ofa a bir bl l bor he i i uc es he rt n he ont xt n r t a e a diput a pa t m us ' t bls t tt pos to he w ile pous i a bir ton i s fc e l s e ry t ' a ih ha he ii n es l s e n r t a i s uf i i nty s m d t pr ve t a bir ton f om bei a f ie e ot o e nt he r ta i ' r ng utl ndea r l t r i a ge ne diput w ih vo . f he e s nui s e t r s e t oa abi a eis e teb rir(ot eis a c o a ij n to ). h sb e ce rd. ep c t n r t bl su ,h are t h su n e f n nu cin .. a e n lae ' r ' Le Br t r,554F. a 1 (ntr lquottonsomit . ver ohes 2d t 20 i ena ai ted) Rul 65( oft Fe r Rul ofCi lPr e epr d t t'hec t yis a e c) he deal es vi oc dur ovies ha ' our ma sue t prlmi r ij tonortmporr r tai ngor ronl i t mova gi sscurt i a ei nay nunci e ay esr ni de y f he nt ve e iy n n am ountt c tc i r pr rt pay t cos sa da a s t ne by a pa t f m d t he our ons de s ope o he t nd m ges usai d ny ry ol o h v b e wr n f lye j ie o r sr ie 'Ast Co r o Ap e l h ssae -'nij ncin a e e n o g u l n on d r e tan d. he u t f p as a ttd -a n u to ' bondposedi aBoysM akescaei pa bl onl i t pr lmi r ij toni f t ha t n r t s s ya e y f he ei nay nunci s ound o ve be wr en ongf l i s d,w he e, o exa pl t cou t none l i s a pr lm i r uly s ue r f r m e, he r e ous y s ues e i na y ij tonove albordiput no c r byt gre nc ar tai pr so oft n unci r a s e t oveed he iva e birton oviins he cont .'LeverBr t s,554 F. at 120-121. ract' o her 2d The dam agest ar r hat e ecover e undersuch a abl - -- bond' r t et taiefom t ope ai o t ij tonis fa notfo da ' e hos ha rs r he r ton f he nunci tel nd a rm mage s o c so e b tes i i e e d n l o teij n to . l .Th Co r o Ap e l c nsd r t e c ai n d y h u tnd p n e ty f h nu cin' d e u t f p as o i es h ' fiur t r quieabondbeor gr tngprlmi r ij tver i t berveri ee .Se al e o e r f e ani ei nay nunci elef o e sbl nor e A & M Tnt n/ I ., 991 F. at110. cki nc 2 2d W i tea o ep e e t i midtec u t o cud st a ii a p o raet e j i te t h b v r c p s n n h o r c n l e h t t s p r p it o n on h h Com pa f om s li a s t t G a tn untla bir ton i c pl t ,c tone on t pos i ny r e lng s e s o re i r ta i s om e e ondii d he tng ofa dequa e s urt t ec iy. A .A rbirabiiy t lt The c tfndst tt gre nc a a bir ton pr son w hi h a i st ' f e e es' our i ha he i va e nd r ta i ovi i c pple o ' f r nc ' di a i i o oft i e p e a i n ora i a i oft CBA ' pr s ons i br d e r sng ut he nt r r t t o pplc ton he S ovi i s oa nough a t nd he s c s s p l ua oft a e e n bi uc es or hi ang ge he gr em nt m guouse nough t tt cour c nno s y wih ha he ta ta t ' ii a s a e't tt a bir ton ca e i nots c ptbl ofa i e pr tton t tc s ' tve s ur nc ' ha he r ta i lus s pos us e i e n ntr e ai ha over t di put a ha he s e t nd. I t w or oft Fo tt Cic t n he ds he trh r ui : ( c fqf ton, t nt nar w a tofBoysMaket a Le rBrt r,i t The our s unci wihi he ro mbi r s nd ve ohe s s o m a a d t r i ton t tt t de l ng i s s ma be a bir bl a pr s r t ke e e m na i ha he m ryi s ue y r t a e, nd e e ve he glausq s t tt abirt sc nfrtdecdet spr lmi r is ,andt n,f stt uo o ha he r taor a is i hi ei nay sue he i a o i t de de t m e is W he a co l c i bar i ng agr e e c t i a ppr pr a e, ci he rt . n le tve ga ni e m nt on a ns m a t r ar taton c a e, tr fe s t pa es desr t a bir t ,notltg e nda o y bir i l us i e l ct he /i ' ie o r t a e ii at , grevances. i l on A r t D rve s Cha f ur . a e i r , uf e s W r hous m e a H e pe s Tea s er Loca Uni N o.71 v. ke sM o or e n nd l r m t s - - Li s I ,582F. 1 1 42 ( hCi.1 (mphassa d)( tr ngij tont e j n ne .nc. 2d 336, 3 4t r 978) e i dde afimi nunci o n oi e pl r w ho w a i pr es ofpa ta l lqui i isbusnes ,f o f t r ng e um be i m oye , s n oc s r i ly i datng t i s r m urhe i nc rng c pia a st pe ngr s uto o abirtonofgre nc sfl byUnin) a tl s es ndi e ol in f r tai iva e ied o . ?Co rsamotu ioml a ay eo c tg rz ij n to s c a teo es u h b teUninh r a u t l s nfr y n lz r ae o ie nu cins u h s h n o g t y h o ee s pei n r ij ncinsa dtep rish r ha ef lwe s i Th c s 1w se towelstldfrt sc uto rl ay nu to , n h at ee v ol d ut e a e a e ms o l-ete o hi o r t mi e o . doot wie.He ,t c r ap i t srcur sofRul 65 oft Fe r lRulsofCi lPr ed e.Butt her s nce he ou t ples he tit e e he de a e vi oc m he ij n to s u h h r, n oh r lk i aeno i a yme nigu sns p ei n r t ameisb s rs lto i n u cin o g t ee a d tes ie t r tn n a n fl e e rl ay o rt ae eouin n , mi c t l d,ast Cour ofA ppeasha m adece r' oulsm us a dr ac ngt m e isofa bir bl diput . our. ndee he t l s la ' ' c t t voi e hi he rt r ta e s es' ' See Ake sM ot Li .l ,58 F. a 1 42. r or nes nc. 2 2d t 3 B.N or i - a G uar a r sla di The c ttndst cic s a e he e f lw ihi t na r e pton t t a i to our i he r um t nc s r al t n he r ow xce i o he pplca i n oft a i-nunci pr vii ofNori- Guadi be a ewihou a ij tona he nt-ij ton o sons rsLa r a c us t t n n unci s e nty r nde ed a bir la d c d notr t ' t pa tess t ntaly t t s at s quo ubs que l e r r t a war oul e ul he r i ubs a i l o he t u n a t. An abtao ' d cso fn i gt eds ues be tt abi aina dwihntes o o ne 3 r i t rs e iin id n h ip t u j c o r t to n t i h c pe f r r t s c s s ppr sonsoft CBA woul bea e cs i f iiya trt sl i af t he uc esorhi ovii he d n xerie n utlt fe he ae s ai acc ompl . The c pa e s nta l co e t tt s e i e e r s i f t l i a e nt i om ny s e i ly nt nds ha hi ntr xe ci e s u ie n ny ve bec us G a t n doe noti t nd t be uni ze wilnota s e t Com pa soblga i a e re s ne o oni d, l s um he ny' i tons unde t CBA ,a cmm otbe l ve age by t w ihho di oft as e sG a tn pu po t dl r he nd e r d he t l ng he s t re r r e y i e t pur ha e,whih a e i i n a l vaued a no m o et n $250, nt nds o c s c r nc de t ly l t r ha 000.Al oft sma be 1 hi y tue, tt a glm e m i s t poi . Tho h a bir biiy and a i a i oft r bu he r z nt s es he nt ug r t a lt pplc ton he s c s s p pr son a e i d de t bl i s ,t tt y a e de t bl pl ce t e i s uc es or hi ovi i r ndee ba a e s ues ha he r ba a e a s hos s ues bef r t a bir t nott co t a i i no a w e t te or em e oft s ce s s p o e he r t a or he ur , nd t s ns r ha nf c nt he uc s or hi pr s o i wea l ver ge unde c r ntc r um s a es ovi i n s ke a r ur e ic t nc . C.Pr lmi yI unci St ei nar nj ton andar ds The Uni has s n t on how hat: Thepariss tedt scas t t c to t de aai ande biss te be o et she e te ubmit hi e o he our n he clrtons xhi t ubmitd f r he c duld pr i i r ij n to h aigo Au us 1, 01 ,a dp ee tdo yag me t o ta d t.S cin7o te elm na .y nu cin e rn n g t 6 2 3 n rsne nl ru ns n h t ae e to fh Nori-, Gua di Ac pr de t t rsla r a t ovi s ha : Noc u t fh Uni dSae sal a ej rs ito t iseatmp rr o p r n n ijmcini a yc s o r o te t tts h lh v uidcin o su e oay r ema e tnt to n n a e e iv vn o g o n o to albo ds ue a d f e i ti c pe,ecptatrhe rn tetsi n o n olig r r wig u f a r ip t, s ei d n hs ha tr x e je a ig h et y f n mo wi essi o nc u twi o p ru t frcos-xa nain i s p o t fh alg to so ac mpan ma e t s e n pe o r ( t p otni o r se mi to ) n u p r o te l ain f o lit d n h y e u roa h,a t s i o i opposto t r t i of e e .. nde t nd e tm ny n ii n he e o, f f r d,.. 2 U. C. 0 (mp ssa d d .Se to 7 h we e ,i i a pl a l wh na e l y rsc nd t r s n s 9 S. j1 7 e ha i d e ) ci n , o v r s n p i b e e n mp o e ' o uc p e e t c c mp li cru tn e s c ta wi o th ij nto asbsq e t rn ee abta a r 'o l n t eu n o el ic msa c s u h h t t u te nu cin u e u nl e d rd r irl wad ' ud o rtr ng h y c tep ry s b tn i l t tes au qu a t . S eA & M Tnlk n , 91F.d a 1 l(e o n zn Le e B- t e s h a t u sa tal o h tt s o n e' e y c i a 9 2 t 1 r c g i ig v r r h r o e c jint j7sa piain . An to g coa e i jrs it n lems c u tha eu io ml hedta whe x e t o ' p lcto ) d h u h l k d n uidci a tr , o rs v nfr y l h t n o o a pla e 57i arme ili tto no al tto o tec u t s be t te j rs ito a di wav be p lcbl, s e da lmi in t i ain n h o r' u jc matr uidcin n s ia l. a mi s Th u h j 7i i a pl a l hee e e i a p ia l t ec u t l fn t a teCo a y wav d isp o i iin . og s n p i b e r , v n f p l b e h o r woud i d h t h mp n i e t r h b t s c c o 1 l i lke y t s c d on t m e isast r quie nthasbe n defne wihi t . t s i l o uc ee he rt hat e r me e i d t n he co e ofj301c r tdiputs I hass ntxt ontac s e . t hownt tisgiva ec r ngt Compa s ha t re nc onceni he ny' sal ofass s t G art does notr s s unsound an i ue ast r e et o en ai e o ss o enderar taton a f ie bir i utl endeavor . 2. ti lkel t s f rir pa a e ha' i t ti will e a e onom i l ve age t t l s i y o uf e r e r bl l n ha t l os ny c m ce r ha w oul ot wi e r s tf o a f vor bl de s on by t a bir t . d her s e ul r m a a e ci i he r t a or 3. onesdeoft s ae i t ij toni grntdt Co nyma l eis On i he c l,f he nunci s a e he mpa y os t o p ru t t ma et ep o o e s l t Ga tn, n o t oh r i t eij n to i n tg a td p o tni o k h r p s d ae o re a d n he t e ,f h n u cin s o rne y t Uni ma l e a ec he on y os ny onomi lve a t tmi htohe wier s tfom af vor bl decson c e r ge ha g t r s e ul r a a e ii by t a bir t . The pot ntalha ds p t t Com pa ca be a e i a e by r rng t he r t a or e i r hi o he ny n m lor t d equii he U ni t pos a a opr a e bond. A ny va ue i t CBA ' ar ta i and s es o s p on o t n ppr i t l n he S bir ton ucc s r hi pr sonsaelkel l twihou a ij ton.Ac r i y,t baa eofhads pstpsi t ovii r i y os t t n n unci co dngl he lnc r hi i n he U ni sf on' avor. 4 Th r i n ti a o theg a t o a ij n to t p e e v t esa u q oi t e . e e s ohng b u t rni f n nu cin o r sr e h tt s u n h ng c r s a esbe or t co tt tc lct wih t publcs i er s . icum t nc f e he ur ha onfi s t he i ' nt e t D .B ond Evi nc be or t c ti c t t tt t a va ueoft e ui nti ' de e f e he our ndia es ha he ot l l he q pme s ' $250, a 000 t m os . Undert dr um saw e , hec tc l t' he c t l s t our oneudest tda a sa c t a ii fom a ha m ge nd os s rsng r wr ulyis dij tonwoul no lkel e e t ta ongf l sue n unci d t i y xce d ha mount a t trquii s c iy i , nd ha e rng e urt n t am ounti appr i e. hat s oprat 8 111. TheCo tfndst ta abirt mi fndt Uni sgre es j tt bi ng ur i ha n r taor ght i he on' ivanc ubec o ndi abtain t a ijmcierle i n t tewiep e ld d b No rslaGu r i, n t a i i r irto ,h t nt t eif s o oh r s r cu e y ri-v a da a d h tt s v a opraet e e a ij tonu rt g nerlsa r g r ngprlmi r ij tve ppr it o ntr n n unci nde he e a tndads oveni ei nay nunci rle .Co s q e ty t c u t l e j i teCo n fo s ligo oh nvs ta sern is eif n e u n l,he o r wil n on h mpa y r m eln r t e ie r n f rig t a s t t G a t n pe ng t c us on ofa bir to cond toned on t pos i of s c iy i s e s o r e ndi he oncl i r t a i n, ii he tng e ur t n t amountof$ 000.Howe r t c t nist Uni smotont c he 250, ve , he our de e he on' i o ompe e die l xpe t d abirtonbe us 'hepa tesg jne itda a e dupont pr s nts tm of r tai ca e t ri have gotae nd gre he e e yse ar ta i wih isbuiti pot nta f de a ' SeeAke sM ot Li s I ,58 F. a 1 4 bir ton, t t l-n e i l or l y. ' r or ne . nc. 2 2d t 343. EN TER : A ugust23,2013. .. z r L I S X TED TATESDI CT J STRI UDGE 4Th Uno h sfldasn eg iv n ec mpanigo Te m Cares 'talr t rq r ( e ne c mp n t e in a ie igl re a c o li n f a rir' 'l i e o e uie t ) w o a y o g u h a c p t eE c e t h CBA)u d rAril 1't CBA' s c e s r hp p o ii n Th tg iv n ed e n tr moey c a ln e n e t e , he c S u c s o s i r v so . a re a c o s o e t l h l g e Te m Ca re s s lst o h r n ta tn i c n e t t Ga tn (h c mp n t a i pef mig wo kt t s a rir ' ae o t e s o ci g n o c r wi re t e o a y h t s ror n r ha wa h p ro me b b r anngu i e o e s no , o tx u l wo l t e eb ap a sbl c n tu to o t eCBA f r e f r d y a g i i nt mply e ) r c n e t al ud h r e lu i e o sr ci n f h y o t abir tr.Cons nty,t cou ttndsnobassf r sr ni als lst ot r pe ngar tai he r tao eque l he r s i or e tai ng 1 ae o hes ndi bir ton. 9