Hughes v. City of Norton, VA et al, No. 7:2012cv00542 - Document 9 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 11/30/2012. (tvt)
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''FRK'AT R /E U.:.Ql oour J : OFFI am G NOKE, VA FIED L IN TH E U N I TED STA TE S D I STR I T C O U R T C FO R TH E W E ST ER N D I STR I T O F V I G I I C R N A R O A N O K E D I ISIO N V N0V 32 2 1 12 AJ t BY; LA L , LERK CL ERK KENNETH D.HU GH ES, Ci lAc i N o.7: v88542 vi ton 12: Pl ntff ai i , M EM OM NDUM O PI ON NI C ITY O F N O R T O N ,V IR G IN IA et al . , By:Sam ue G.W is l l on U nie St e D it i Judge t d at s s r ct D ef ndant . e s Pl i if K e t D .H ug s who i a a tng t i lo f tr c a ntf , nne h he , s w ii r a n o l ount ofa uc i n, i s s bd to br ng t sa to p ru n t 4 U. C. 1 8 a ans t eCiyo No tn Vigni (û eCiy',h hi cin u s a t o 2 S. j 9 3 g i t h t f ro , r i a çh t ' t e t ) No tnPoieDe rme tCt De a t n ), n tealg dv ci a dv ci ' rnsfr ro l c pa t n t he p rme f a d h le e it n it pae t o ms ms vi ai nsofhi c vi rght a ii o ofhi a r t on M a c 21and 22,201 a s e nt olto s i l i s rsng ut s ress rh 2, nd ubs que pr-ra dee i a t Sout tVigi aRe onalJ i II etil tnton t he hwes r ni gi al E SWVRJ' i Dufil Vigni 'I n fed, r i a. Hug s tili s dul t comm e eon De mbe 4, 2.Eve c i r d i t lg he ' ra s che ed o nc ce r 201 n onsde e n he i ht m os fvo a e, t a r bl Hughes co pl i f ist c a n s fce f c ua m a tr ac e e ast e, o ' m ant al o onti ufi int a t l te , c pt d nz t sa eacli f rr le t ti plusbl on isf e.Ac or ng y,t c t ua s edim is s tt am o e if ha s a i e t ac c di l he our s pont s s e hi c antptrua t 28U. C.j1915()2)B)i) s ompli ls nt o S. e( ( (i. 1. Hug e alg si adi on e a c n l tn c mpan t t nM ac 21 2 2 h we t h s l e n s itd nd o fi ig o li tha o r h , 01 , e n e j c t J m 1 Buron Hi Sc ,whe eabas balga wast ng pl c t buy t s s o ol . t gh hool r e l me aki a e, o wo oda . H ug s c a m she m e t o w om e e tng t r s r he l i tw n xii he e t oom a t hi h s t he g chool and t tle ha a , he l e d r s t pl s nte hor, ea a xcha t t ha he n le ha nge,a a tr r hewe hom e 1 H esaest tt wom e al get the nd fe wa ds nt . c s dt m aoundt ba e lfeda t hi s hool ( ha e he r he s bal il t he gh c . Compl 2,ECFNo. )A s r tme . 4. ho ti lI t pa r k atac d t hi co pl nt Hu h ssae ta h t edtersro d o ,b c u eh ) n he pe wor t he o s m ai , g e tts h t e t l h eto m o r (e a s e h dd 'wa to1t(i ac srlo t'( mpl2, No. ) int n t e hs c u es u . Co . ECF 4. ' a t rt s e oun er t N or on Polce D e rm e a r s e Hug f publc i oxi ton a fe hi nc t , he t i pa t nt r e t d hes or i nt ca i nd usngf lngua i publc,a t ne da a t ii c r d hi wih f z co mt of i oul a ge n i nd he xt y u hortes ha ge m t otr t s a ucton.Hugheswa booke i t SW VRJwhe eher mai hed wihoutbond a tng ti l bd i s d no r e ns l t waii ra, w hi h i s hedul d f D e m be 4,201 c sc e or ce r 2. Hug sc ne dst a t ej g a dt Co n at sAto n yh v if r dhm he o tn h t h ud e n he mmo we l h' tr e a e n o me i t tt sore oft al ge vitm sa e i c lc .Hug smai ai t tt vi tm ' ha he t is he le d c i r n onfi t he nt ns ha he ci s c lc i al ga i s d c us t Comm onweat t dr t c e, hecli st onfitng le tons houl a e he lh o op he as and am he Comm on lh' f itr t do s i r cily motvaed. weat s a lle o o s a al i t Hughese e s dis ts a ton wih t xpr s es s a if c i t he l h ofhi pr -r a i ar r i and f sr i wih t posponem e s i hi c e. e s e engt s e ti l nc ce aton nz taton t he t nt n s as H e ks c ompe a or da a sa dimis loft c r s ns t y m ge nd s s a he ha ge . II . Hughesaleg t tt Ciy a t De rme vi a e hi ci lrght by a r tng a l es ha he t nd he pa t nt olt d s vi i s resi nd de a ni hi on f l c t ofa t i ng m otr oun s bduc i s e m i f om t M a c 21 201 i i nt Des t ton, t m ng r he r h , 2 nc de . pie t lbe a pl di sandadsa or dt os pli if,hec tfndst tHughe 'j198 he i r l ea ng t r cc de opr e antfs t our i ha s 3 camsaes b e tt d s s a u d r2 U. C. 1 5 e( )B)i)f rfiu et saeacam li r u j c o imis l n e 8 S. j 91 ()2 ( (i o al r o tt li upon whih r le m a be g a ed. c e if y r nt P ru n t 28U. C.j1 5 e ()B)i) ac u t h lt t n tme' imisa if r u sa to S. 91 ()2 ( (i, o r s alt a y i 'ds s n n o ma a pa pe i c mpliti ital t saeacam u nwhc rle ma b g a td. G AJ u g u rs o an f t t is o tt li po ih eif y e rn e ' I j d e f 'I mus a c pta t u aloft f t lalegai c ane i t c t c e s r e l he ac ua l tons ont i d n he ompl i .'Erc o v. r , ant' i ks n Pa dus 551U. 89,9 ( )( ttonsomitd) Thec ltc tu os c ai slbeal S. 4 2007 ciai te . otr onsr esrr e ompl nt i rly, i i çl ssrnge sa r t nf ma pla ngsdrfe bylwyes' I (nt na mposng les ti nt tndads ha or l e di a td a r.' d. i er l quotto maksa cttonomitd) Eve silç c antmus c ai s fce f t l ain r nd iai te . n tl,1 ompli a t ont n ufiint acua m a t r a ce t d a t e t E t t a cl i ofr le t ti pl usbl on is f ce.' A s r tv. te , c p e s nz , o s a e a m e i f ha s a i e t a '' hc of I b l 5 6U. 6 2 6 8( 0 9 ( u tn BelAt. m . Two l , 5 U. 5 4, 7 q a. 5 S. 6 , 7 2 0 ) q o ic l lCo v. mb y 5 0 S. 4 5 0 ( 0 7 s eas At e tnv. C. t o M a o . 6 F.d 6 2, 81 2( C. r 2 0 ) 2 0 $) e lo h ro D. Ofke f v r 5 7 3 7 6 -8 D. Ci. 0 9 (tW liepr s c ans mus behedt l ssrnge sa r t n fr lpla ngs, ... tg ll o e omplit) t l o es ti nt tndads ha o ma e di kl e apr s co pl na m us pl ad f c ua m a trt tpe m ist c tt i e m or t n t ven o e m ai nt t e a t l te ha r t he our o nf r e ha he meepo sb l yof s o d t' (nena q oainmak a dctto so te ) r siii mic n uc.) i tr l u tto r s n iain mitd . t ' Tosaeacam f r i unde j 1 apl ntf mus algefcsi c tngt t tt li or elef r 983, ai if t le a t ndiai ha pl i ifhasbe n de i ofrght g a ee by t Cons iuton orl soft Unie St t a ntf e prved i s uar nt d he tt i aw he t d a es a t tt sde i ton r s t d f om t c nd ha hi pr va i e ule r he onduc ofa pe s a tng unde c o ofs a e l w . t r on c i r ol r t t a W e t At is 4 7U. 4 ( 9 8 .E c lg v r i gb dis. . a b s e dr cl l e s v. kn , 8 S. 2 1 8 ) io a o en n o e . c n e u d ie ty md r j 1 8 f rmo tr de lrt r , rijmci rle whee. .hea to t a i alg dt b 9 3 o neay, caao y o n t t eif r . t cin h t s le e o e ve unc tt i li pl m e s ore ut apolc s a e e , di nc r gul to o d i i ons iutona m e nt xec es i y t t m nt or na e, e a i n, r ec son o tcaly a e a pr fi i l dopt d nd omul td byt tbo sofi r . M o l v.Dep' ofSoc. r .436 gae ha dy' tce s' ' nel t Se vs, U.. 5 , 9 ( 9 8 ; tev. v e 3 6F.d4 , 1(t Ci. 0 3 (oetb ih l b ly a S 6 8 6 0 1 7 ) Ly l Do l, 2 3 63 47 4 h r 2 0 ) t sa ls i ii , a t pli ifmus de antf t monsrt t t( )agovenme a t de i t pli ifofhi fderlrght, tae ha 1 r nt cor prved he antf se a i s a ( t ha m wa t r ulofanofi a polc orc t oft l ale iy) Thus a nd 2) he r s he es t fcil iy usom he oc ntt . , g ovemme a e iy i la eunde j1 onl whe t e tt is fi aImovi f c 'be nd ntl ntt s ibl r 983 y n he niy tel s t ng or e' hi t ed p i to P kCnv. Do s n 4 4U. 31 , 2 ( 9 ) Th ti,hee t y' o fca h e rvain. ol t v. d o , 5 S. 2 3 6 1 81. a s t n i s fiil t polcy m us ha pl yed a pa ti t a l ged vi a i off de a l w . Okl hom a Ciy v. te i t ve a r n he le ol ton e r l a a t Turl , 471U .S 8 8 81 -81 ( 9 5 . . 0 , 7 8 1 8 )2 H e e,Hughesf l t i ntf a po i y oft Ciy orD e rm e l a ng t hi a r s , r ais o de iy ny lc he t pa t nt e di o s r e t pr ec i a de e i l e Hughe s re c os uton nd t nton. nde d, s' pa s ompl i r ct sno r diy dice ni e ant e ie ea l s r bl 2A polcyi & c s ofa ton c ci l chos n fom am o va i ale nai r pe tngbasc i s Y our e ci ons ousy e r ng rous tr tves es c i i govenm e alf tons a oppos d t epiodi execiesofdiceton i t ope aina deal ofgovenm e ' r nt unci , s e o s c rs s r i n he r to l tis r nt' S elv Mc ne,8 4F.d 1 8 ,1 8 ( t Ci.1 8 )(nen l u tto makso te .A c tm e it wh n p l . Da il 2 2 3 0 3 6 4h r 9 7 itra q oain r mi d) uso xss e t teE esse t n wiep e d' rcie of o en n o fcasaetop r n n a dwelstlda t (a e te h c ritn a d d sr a 'p atc s g v r me t fiil r t ema e t n l et s o h v )h p s - e freo lw. S el8 4F.da 1 6(nen l u tto mak o te )( et ni oiia) oc fa ' p l 2 2 t 38 itr a q oain rs mitd i ri n rgn l. ' y ns o f cua al ga i a i tt Ciyort De rme s a t l le tons ga ns he t he pa t nt howi ar caly m otva e polc or ng a i l i t d iy c so la igt hi ar s a dpr s c to .Th r fr , ls a tt j 1 5 e( )B) tec u t u t m e dn o s re t n o e u in e eo e pt u n o 91 ()2 ( ,h o r r w ildi m i s Hug 'cl m s a ns t Ciy a t D e rm e f f itr t s a e a c ai upon l s s hes ai gai t he t nd he pa t nt or a lze o t t l m w hi h r i m a be g a e c elef y r nt d. 1 11. Hug s al ga i do notr mot l s w orplusbl a l et thi a lgedvi tmsa he ' le tons e ey ho a i y leg ha s le ci nd t i pae sweea tngunderc o ofsaelw,ane sayelme ofaj1 3a ton.Se her rnt r ci olr tt a ce sr e nt 98 ci e W etv.At ns 487U. 42( ) Theeor t c tdimis sHug 'cai a i t s ki , S. 1988 . rf e,he our s se hes l ms gans t m ,a wel. he s l Fort s a e r s ,3t e cour di m i s st sa ton f f iur t sa e a cl i he t t d ea ons h t s s e hi c i or a l e o t t am purua tt 28U. C.j 1 5()2)B)i) s n o S. 91 e ( ( (i. ENTER : Nove be 30, 2. m r 201 e r UN I TED STATES D I STRI J D GE CT U 3Thec tas not t ta e e r di r cic t es f de alc t mus r r n fo i e frng our lo es ha bs nt xtaor na y r umsanc , e r ours t efai r m ntre i wihasaesp n n ci n l rc e i s S e eg, u g rv Hars 4 U. 3 ( 9 )Csn etebe inn t tt' e dig rmia po e dng . e . ..Yo n e . ri, 01 S. 7 1 71 fic h gn ig o c u ty' hso yCo ge sh s sbe tofw e cpin , nfse ad sr t p r tsaec ut t tysae f o nr s itr n rs a ,u j c t e x e to s ma ietd eie o emi tt o rs o r tt c s sfe ho itre e c byf d r l o rs' .Th sr q ie f d r l o rst a s nfo c n tt to a a e r e 'm n e fr n e e e a c u t.l i e u r s e ea c u t o b mi r m o siu in l ' c aln e t saejdiil r c e n s n matrh w mei ro stec aln e itefd rlcamsh v b e o h le g so tt u ca p o e dig , o te o rt iu h h le g ,fh e ea li a e e n r o c udb p ee tdi tesaes u iil r ce ig Hu h sse sds sa o tec ag sa an t m. we e, o l e rsne n h tt'j dca p o e dn . g e e k imis l fh h r e g is hi Ho v r Hughesha s w nnot ngt woul c pelt c rto i ere ewih t Com m onweat ofV igi a' pe ng s ho hi hat d om he ou t nt fr t he lh r ni s ndi ci n l rc e n s Co s q e ty a t sjn tr , g s c aln et tesaec u t r c e ig muta e rmia po e dig . n e u nl, thi u cu e Hu he' h le g o h tt o r p o e dn s stk pl ei t epr ee ngs ac n hos oc di . 4