Rutherford v. Price et al, No. 7:2012cv00445 - Document 8 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 11/8/2012. (tvt)
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CLERK' OFFI U. DI COURT S CE S. SQ AT M NVI E, LL VA FI D I TH E UN I N TED STA TES DI STR I CO UR T CT FO R TH E W ESTER N DI STRI T O F V I G I A C R NI R O AN O K E D IVISIO N (JUL 5Y; U E JEFFREY R U TH ER FO R D, Pl ntf ai if, N I LE PR I E,etaI, CO C . Dee f ndant . s ) ) ) ) ) ) ) + cuufK t cL C i lA cton N o.7: c 0 vi i 12- v- 0445 M EM O R AN D UM O PI I N N O By: H o Jac on L.K i e n. ks sr Se or Uni e St e Di t i tJudge ni t d at s s r c J fr Rut r o d,aVig ni i t pr e ngpr K , ied acvi rght co ant e fey he f r r i a mna e oce di o fl i l i s mpli p ru n t 4 U. C. 1 8 wihju s ito v se i 28U. 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Prce, t i k,a a ntf leg he olow ng nf m ton n s r om a nt i Pa rc nd J t tir s us us çr e pons bl 'a ûne i nty' f ie t a r t uns cii d t m soft I t i y' nd t glge l ' a l d o dhe e o pe f e er he AD o ens epli ifsç i t gqfs a s dyti wihi 1 da gq't-'epr vii of ur antf û ght o a at nd pee ral t n 80 ys.' i h o sons r f A r a e e s l r w e e notf l e I O RD ER a STA TED ,W as ng on Count be ng r ng m nt / nquiy r olow d N s hi t y i l twhent ywees as he r uppos dt bege ol tusçhootngmys nt e'gui i upon e o s c nd,h s i e enc delnes pu pos ' ( r e. Compl3. tAD notsg dby ... iegi , i t rla yj ' . )û I ine Prc scl nor s hege n udges ' sg t e....( heei nor or ofSmyt o RuselCount eve rcei ngco e oft s inaur Tl r s ec d he r s l y r e vi pis hi I nori t r a rc d oft Smyt /t s l Cog yjCommonwe t Ator ysglo AD, s he e ny e or he helusel unt a1h t ne ' r J d e g)sg au e . 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C. 1 9 e c.Th f s sa d r icu e camsb sd 91 ()2 , 91 A( )1 ; 2 S. j 9 7 () e i t tn ad n ld s li a e r u d n i s a y m e il sl lt or 'Cca msofi rngeme ofa lgali e e twhih pon t ndiputbl rtes ega he y,'kli a nfi nt e nt r s c c ea l doesnote s ,' cl i s whe e t d a t lc e i a e c e r y ba e e s' N e t ke v. l ry xi t' or a m r he i c ua ont ntons r l a l s l s . f ' iz W ila ,490U. 319,3 ( 989) Thescondsa r i t fmiirsa r f amoint lims S. 27 1 . e tndad s he a la tndad or to o dimisu rFedealRul ofCi lPr edu e1 b)6) a e i apli ifsfcualalgains s s nde r e vi oc z 2( ( , cc ptng antf a t le to ast ue. A c pl i ne ç s ta pl n s a e e oft c a m s i t tt pl de i r om a nt eds t hor nd ai t t m nt he l i how ng ha he ea r s a e ildt rle'a s fcinttgj t algai ...oriearg t r le a ntte o eif' nd ufi e çfacual le tons t as iht o eif bovet he s pecul i l atve evel....' Bel A t.Com , Twombl 550U. 544, ( ' l l v. y, S. 555 2007)(ntr l i ena - quotto maksomitd) A pl ntf sbassf r i Se r smor t n lbel a ain r te . ai if i or eleft quie r e ha a s nd c l i .... I The e or apl i ifmus Cal gef c ss fc e t sa eal t ee e s onc usons ' d. r f e, antf ' t dle a t ufii nt o tt l he lm nt ofkhe dam. Ba sv.E.. t l i ' s ' I DupontdeNe s& Co.324F.d 761 765( h Ci. mour , 3 , 4t r 2003) . Dee m i ng whehe acompl i saesapl usbl cai f r le i tac e -pe ii tr ni t r ant tt a i e l m or ei f s û ont xts c fc ts ta r q ie t er ve n c u tod a o is udca e pein ea dc mmo s n e' a k h t e ur s h e iwig o r t rw n t j iil x re c n o n e s . ' As r tv.qbal 556U. 662,678- ( hcof l , S. 79 2009) Th , c tsr e ngaco antunde Rul . us a our c e ni mpli r e 1 b)6)c n i ntf pladi t ta eno e ildt ana s i oftut be aus t y 2( ( a de iy e ngs ha r t ntte o sumpton r h c e he consitofno m or t l sand concl i . J Al s e han abel us ons . Z t h llberlyco tueapr K houg i al nsr o c ant Hai sv. r r 404U. 51 5 2l( 97 , donotac asa i t sa ocae, ompli , ne Kene, S. 9, 20- 1 2) I t n nmae' dv t s s e de opi s a ut ' a c tt i qa pont vel ng t t ol nd ons iutonalc ai snotc e l r s d i a c pl i . See y lm l ary ai e n om a nt Br kv. rol,1 F. 241,2 ( hCi.1997 ( tg, ,c uni ) Be t v.Ciyof oc Car l 07 3d 43 4t r ) Luti J. onc ng ; audet t Ha o 775F. 1 4,1 ( h Ci.1 .Seeas Gor v. e 574F. 11 11 mptn, 2d 27 278 4t r 985) lo don Le ke, 2d 47, 51 ( h Ci.1 (e 4t r 978) rcogni ngt taditi c tsno e zi ha srd our i t xpede t asumet r eofad t do s he ol vocae f a pr > pli ig. or o ç antf .. Tosaeacam unde j 1 apl ntf mus algekhevi ain ofarg s c e by tt li r 983, ai if t le s olto t iht e urd t Consiu i a l wsoft Unied St t , ndm us s he tt ton nd a he t aes a t how t tt ale d de i ton was ha he l ge prvai c ommitdby ape s a i unde col ofsaelw. W e tv. ki ,487U. 42, ( 988) te ron ctng r or tt a ' s At ns ' S. 48 1 . 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CODE jj53.- 0,e s q. 121 t e A st na e i ples t l D a i w he a pr s he m m i , he A pples n i oneri s r ng a t m ofi m i o e s e vi er m s nm nt i a pa t St t a t r i pe ng i a t rpary St t a unt i d i dm e , i o m a i n ry a e nd he e s ndi n no he t a e ny r e ndi nt nf r ton, orc pl i f whi h a de a ne ha be n l d aga ns t prs r I a t 1 1 A lhough om a nt or c t i r s e odge i t he i one . d. r . 1 . t pl i ifm e i ns c ur entc i i lpr e di i Rus e lCount a Sm yt Count , bot a ntf nt o onc r r m na oc e ngs n sl y nd he y h of ih aei Vign aa da j c n t W a hn tn Co n y panifd e n t d n iya y whc r n r ii n d a e to s igo u t , li tf o s o i e tf n c i i lpr edi occ rng i a he l D m e be St t t twoul c e t 1 t a y rm na oce ng ur i n not r A m r a e ha d aus he AD o ppl t pl i if Ac or ngl pl i iff l t sa ea ca m a i tPrce Pa rc orJ t a o antf. c di y, antf ais o tt li gans i , tik, usus bout t i d glge ' f l e t ac pur ua t t I . he r i i nt' aiur o t s nt o he AD ne 11 1. 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