Kemph v. Brown et al, No. 7:2012cv00430 - Document 14 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 11/8/2012. (tvt)
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' CI S OFFI U.. SX COURT XRK' CE S DI . r ' ) . ) - hh 1 l 't 6 f.' .C ,)r %8r% % ' . k N0V 23 9 1 ,2 . . 9 I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FO R TH E W E STER N D I STR I O F VI G I I CT R N A ROANOKE DI I ON V SI W I I M T . EM PH , LL A K J Llt- ' ; t' c RK U / ,.. . z z . k > BY' . D CA SE N O .7: 2C V00430 1 Pl ntf , ai if M EM O M N D UM O PI I N N O TOW N OF VI NTON,c & , By: Gln E.Conr e ad C hi fU nied St e D i t i tJudge e t at s s r c Dde ndants. t) W ilam T. m ph,af de a i t pr e ng pr K ,fl d t scvi rg sa ton li Ke e r l nma e oc edi o ie hi i l i ht c i . a i tt To n o V i on a W . Br n,a V i o po i e of e ,a l gi m o ul ga ns he w f nt nd F. ow nt n lc fc r le ng ngf r k n ce r 990. e e he ea ng he c i c i ofK e ph' pi kup t uc i D e m be 1 1 U pon r vi w oft pl di , t ont s aton m s c c tfndst tt a ton mus be s ma iy dimis d be us Ke our i ha he ci t um rl s s e ca e mph ha no a tona ecli s c i bl am u d r4 U. . j1 8 a dsae n oh rba i frfd rl u id cino rh scams n e 2 SC. 9 3 n tt s o te ss o e ea j rs ito ve i li . l K e ph a l ge t f l w i s que e ofe nt on whi h he ba e hi c a m s l m le s he olo ng e nc ve s c s s s li . n D e em be 1 c r 990,s a e a hor tesa r s e K e ph o c r ofpos e s on ofm e ha phe am i t t ut ii r e t d m n ha ges s si t m t ne wih i e t diti e.Thr da lt r Ke t nt nt o srbut ee ys a e , mph pose ba la wasr l as Compl 4. t d i nd e e ed. . Ke mph notc t thi tuc a 1989F- 0 Cr w Ca wasmi sng.Ke ph di notr ceve a ied ha s r k, 35 e b, si m d e i 1 K e h sat d i t com pl ntt thi c e ofa i ar under28 U .S. j 1 ,a on ai ha s aus cton ose mp t e n he C. 331 nd t sbasi,t courtdocket t compl ntasone arsng underBi v.Si Unknown N a ed Age s hi s he ed he ai ii vens x m nt ofFe Bur a o Na c tcs 40 U. 38 ( 971 ( uh ii c us o a to ag is fdeal fcasf r d. e u f r o i , 3 S. 8 1 ) a torzng a e f c in an t e r ofiil o vi ai sofc tt ton lrg t) Ke as sae , we r ta hebrngshscamsu r4 U. C. olton onsiu i a ih s. mph lo tts ho ve, h t i i li nde 2 S. j1 3.Be a et de e a sna di t sa to aeaVigii twn a atwn p ieo fc r wh 98 c us he fnd nt me n hi cin r r na o nd o olc fie, o alegedl vi a edK e ph' consiutonalr ght ,t cour c tuest sa i asarsng unde 42 U. C. l y olt m s tt i i s he t onsr hi cton ii r S. j1 3( uho ii ac us o a to ag is ofiil a tngun rc o o s elw f de rv to o 98 a t rzng a e f cin an t fcas ci de olr f ut a or p ia ins f plitf ' rgh sund rt Co tt in o lwso t Unie Sae ) Thec r wildr c t ecekt an ifs i t e he nsiuto r a f he td tts . ou t l ie t h lr o c n t c ur' r c r a c r ngl Ke a s ct s4 U. C. 1 (e r nge ua rgh sund r ha ge he o ts e o d c o di y. mph lo ie 2 S. j 981 rgadi q l i t e t lw) b tfist d mo taea y r s e ti whiht d fnda sde ie hm ofe ua rg ss a t he a , u al o e nsrt n e p c n c he e e nt prv d i q l iht o s o sa e a cl m actonabl undert ss i t t ny ai i e hi ecton. pr ry vo he ori tuc i o how t r tivehi tu k and wa no a et de em i who ope t uc r nsr tons n o e re s rc s t bl o t r ne ha t ke t ve ce. W he Ke ph a ke OfierBr d a n he hi l n m s d fc own wha ha ne t hi tuc Br t ppe d o s r k, own t l hm t a lh F ( d r l r a o l v si ains'ha tke i.Br wn a k dFBI od i h t û e BI Fe e a Bu e u f n e tg to l' d a n t o s e t ofi i sa fcal bouthi tuc butt y woul neihe c im nordenyt tt y ha t t c Br s r k, he d t r onfr ha he d he nzk. own verfedt tt l alsa ec t d no r c dofacvi f f itr a ton i vi hi ttc ii ha he oc t t our ha e or i l oretze ci nvol ng s rz k. The c i i lpr e ngs a i tKe ph i t Roa r m na oce di ga ns m n he noke Count Cic tCour e y r ui t nded i a n mitili Aug t1 91 At h rtil nDe e e 1 ,1 91 aj r f u dKe h g lya sra n us 9 . t e era o c mb r 1 9 , u y o n mp ui s t c r d,a t c ts t nc d hi t tteeye r i prs n. ha ge nd he our en e e m o lr a s n io Afe Ke ph c tr m omplt hi Roa eed s noke Co y s t nce hem a f rhe i re a t unt en e , de u t r nquii s t he co t butwa una et de e m i wha ha ha ne t hi tuc n Aprl201 t ough ur, s bl o t r ne t d ppe d o s r k.I i 2, hr communia i w ih f l a fi , mph t mc r d c edi e i or ai t tVit c tons t amiy nd rends Ke ç ove e r bl nf m ton ha n on t Polc hadl ne ( ie oa d Kemph'ltucko f us ba i t e ry 1990'. Compl 3.Kempht n s r ut or e ck n he al s' ' . he w r e l te st t polc de r m e ,s ki f r he i onua i o t i s wihouts e s ot e t r o he i e pa t nt ee ng u t r nf ton n he s ue t ucc s . Now i r rtdi f rlprs n o unr ae c r s Kemphfldt sj 1 a ton ncaceae n edea io n eltd ha ge , ie hi 983 ci i Se e be 201 a l gi t f l w i c ai s: n pt m r 2, le ng he olo ng l m Ofi erBr fc own wr ul de i d Ke ongf ly prve mph ofhi tu k wihoutf l ng src t olowi pr rpr dur a t d Ke ope oce es nd ol mph le t c is o once t l a i oft tuc al he oc ton he r k t hn pe K e ph' ef or st r cl i hi pr r y; o m r m s f t o e a m s ope t O fk erBr t own de i Ke ph ofhi pr pe t w ihoutdue pr es ; prved m s o ry t oc s TheTown ofVi on f ie t s r ieBr nt al d o upe vs own t e ur t thecomple o ns e ha id wih Vigi a1w r r ng s im ea ci lf r et eofpr t a t r ni a ega di e z nd vi o f iur opery nd w a ç svel neg i nti t c s t i y lge n m overng nonvouc r d pr r y be o ng pas i he e ope t l ngi t g mphlt ni M r Br spos e so ' o Ke he n . own' s sin. ' Co pl 3- K e ph a s t t tt def nda s ac i ca e hi l s ofpr pe t and i m e m . 5. m s ers ha he e nt ' tons us d m os o ry nco , e otona di tes , i a s f i K e ph s kscom pe a or a punii da a . m i l s r s pa n, nd uferng. m ee ns t y nd tve m ges 1 1 Thi c ti r quied t di m i sany ac i o c ai tl d by a pr s r a i ta s our s e r o s s ton r l m i e i one ga ns go r nt le iy orofk e i t aci n orcli i fi ous m a ii us orf l t sae a ve nme a ntt t r f he to am s rvol , lc o , ais o t t cam o whihrle ma begr e 28U. C.j 1 5A( ( ) saeacli i a fderl li n c eif y antd. S. 91 b)1 .To tt am n ny e a cvl ci n t ep an ifsûta ta alg to mu tb e o g t r iearg tt r le a o e i ia to ,h litf tl cu l le ains s e n u h o as ih o eif b v g t s c ai lve r t onet ti l a i eon isf c 'r t rt n m e el û nc i bl ' he pe ultve e l' o ' ha s l usbl pl t a e, ahe ha ' r y s e va e.' co BelAt.Cor v.Twombl 550U. 544,570( l l p. y, S. 2007) . A pli ifsai acam t rj 1 mus e tbls t thehasbee de i dofrghs antf ttng li mde 983 t sa ih ha n prve i t gua a e d by t Consiuton orlwsoft Unie St t a t tt sdeprva i n r uled r nt e he tt i a he t d aes nd ha hi i to es t f om co r nduc co m i t by a pe s ac i underc orof sa e l w . W es v. t ns 487 U . t m ted r on tng ol tt a t A ki , S. 42( 988 .tl l r al sofpr ryi oc sone byarndom,ma horz d a tby asae 1 ) tW hee os opet s ca i d a t ut ie c tt e pl e,r t rt n by a e t bls d sa e pr edur ,t s a e c nno pr di tw he t l s m oye a he ha n s a i he t t oc e he t t n t e c n he os wiloc ur't eor Sfame ngf pos- prvai rmedyf (uc a l si a ia e' l c ' herf e,t ; i ani ul tde i ton e or s h q os s valbl,' t i a e ha no c tt i na due pr e scl m ,r ga dl s ofwhe he t e pl ye s a tons he nm t s ons iuto l oc s ai e r es t r he m o e' c i weei e i ort r ul ofne i nc Huds v.Pame,468U. 517,53 33( 984) r ntntonal he es t glge e. on l r S. 2- 1 . TheVigi aTo tCl m sAc and Vigi at t a pr vi ade t pos- prva i r m e e r ni r ai t r ni or 1 w o de qua e tde i ton e di s f rne i ntori e i l ongf ac s' m mit by sat empl e Se W a o glge nt ntonal t wr ul t'co ted te oye s. e dhamsv. Pr unir 77 F. 75, ( hCi.1 . oc e , 2 2d 78 4t r 985) K e ph alege t tBr m l s ha own' i t ntona o neglgen a tonsi 1 wr s ne i l r i t c i n 990 ongf l de i d uly prve Ke mph oft us a vaue ofhi pikup tuc Be aus Ke he e nd l s c r k. c e mph hadr medi underVigi a e es r ni t r 1 w by w hi h t s e r ove y ofhi pr r y orisval ,how e ,Kem ph' alega i ns o ta c o e k ec r s ope t t ue ver s l to aga ns O f i erBr i t fc own r ga di t pi kup do notpr e a cog za e c tt t o ldue e r ng he c es nt ny ni bl ons iu i na pr s cli . Huds n,468 U. a 532- The e o e,Kemph hasno aci bl c am unde oce s am o S. t 33. r f r tona e l i r j 1 a i tBr 983 gans own. û a lgover ngbodis...c nbes die tyunde j 1 f moneay, caao y, Goca t ni e a ued rcl r 983 or tr de lrtr o ij nci rle wh r . .h a to ta i alg dt beu c nsiu in li lme t o r nu t eif ee . t e cin h t s le e o n o t to a mp e n s r ve t e c e apolcy sa e t or nanc r gulton,orde i i ofk ily a pt d and xe ut s i t t men , di e, e a i c son t a l do e pr ul t d by t tbody' ofk er . M onel v. e Yor Ciy D e -ofSoc alSe v c s 436 om ga e ha s t s' ' l N w k t pt i r ie , U. 658,690( 978) A go r mena e tt i la eunderj 1 onl whe t e iyis fi S. 1 . ve n tl niy s ibl 983 y n he ntt tel s ad o ng f c ' hi t al ge de i to Pol Co y v.Dods 45 U. 31 326 t vi or e'be nd he le d prvai n. k unt m on, 4 S. 2, ( 981. 1 ) Tohol t TownofVi onla eunde j 1 unde M onelf Br salge d he nt ibl r 983 r l or own' le d c onduc ,Ke t mph m us sa ef c sdemonsr tng t tBr t tt a t ta i ha own wa exe utnga pa tc a t s c i riul r own polc orc t whe he t k a tons i vi a i n ofpl i if s c tt i lr ght . Bec us iy usom n oo c i n ol to a ntf ons iutona i s a e t c t ale f he our has r ady ound t tBr ha own' conduc di no de i Ke s t d t prve mph ofa c tt i ly ny onsiutona l pr e t r ght how e r K e ph hasno co tt i lc ai ag ns t t n. ot c ed i , ve , m ns iutona l m ai t he ow A s K e ph f is t a l f c s o whi h he c s a e a c tt i lc ai a i tt m a l o lege a t n c an t t ny ons iutona l m ga ns he d fn a t,h c u t umma i dimis sKe ' j1 3camswih u p eu ie p ru n t ee d nste o r s rl s s e mph s 98 li t o t rj d c , u s a t o y j 1 5 b)1 , lgal fi ous Se on 1 wa i e dt pr te onl f de a rg s 91 A( ( ) as e ly rvol . di 983 s ntnde o oe t y e r l iht g r nt e by f r l1w a nott vi c t t tc am sf whih t r a eade t r m e es ua a e d ede a a nd o ndia e or l i or c he e r qua e e di unde saelw.W rghtv.Coli ,766F. 8 ,849( hCi.1 .Thus a pos i ecams r tt a i lns 2d 41 4t r 985) , ny sbl li Ke mph m a ha a i tt de e y ve ga ns he f ndan sunde Vigi a 1w a eno i pe t r r ni a r t nde nden l ac i bl i ty tona e n t scour unde j1 hi t r 983. Furhemor be a ea1 f rlcai i t a tonmus be t r e, c us 1 edea l ms n he ci t ds se ,hee u t e n st e evies p lme tl mid cin o :a y s c damsi t s imis d 1 o r d die o x l s u p e na j s ito ve n u h i n hi acin.Se 28U. C.j 1 c) Fi ly,Ke doe notalegefcsi c tngt t sc t to e S. 367( . nal mph s l a t ndiai hathi our 4 h s u idcinu d r28U.. j1 3 t a j dc t hi sae1w cams S ej 1 3 () a j rs ito n e SC. 3 2 o du iae s tt a li . e 3 2 a (ut i ngdititc r j iditonove cli wheealpa te ha di reciiens pa a horzi src ou turs ci r ams r 1 ris ve ve s tz hi nd t ea u t nc nr ves e c e s$ 50 0 . Fo lc o jlidcin tec u t u h mo n i o to ry x e d 7 ,0 ) r a k f t s ito ,h o r s mmmiy r l ds se Ke h' p si l camst e saelw wi u p eudc .An a p o raeo d rwi imis s mp s o sbe li md r tt a t t rj ie ho p r p it r e l l i s t sda s ue hi y. The Clr i die t d t s ndcopi oft sm e andum opi on a ac om pa ng ek s rce o e es hi mor ni nd c nyi or rt pl ntf . de o ai i f EN TER :Ths C < d yo No e r2 2 i a f v mbe, 01 . Chi fU nie St t s D it i tJ e t d a e s rc udge