Hairston v. McPeak et al, No. 7:2012cv00416 - Document 14 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 10/23/2012. (tvt)
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CLERK' OFFI U..DI COURT S CE S ST. ' AT ROANOKE, VA FIED L 22T 23 2 1 22 FRTEU IEETDE DCRC IGRA ITH WETSAIS ITO TC U T O HENTDR T T S IVR II N S N SR F O N ? oe gj. . e ,zy ug y , u . auut . a nuzsuv cu . . R O AN O K E DI ISIO N V JA M ES JER RY H A I STO N , R CA SE N O .7: 12CV 00416 Pl ntf , ai if M EM O R AND U M O PI I N N O VS. GERALD M CPEAK, AL , :I By: GlnE. e Conr ad C hi Uni St es D i ri Judge ef ted at st ct Dee fndants. t) J m e J r y H a r t n, V ig ni i a e pr e di pr K ,fld t scvi rg sa ton a s er i s o a r i a nm t oc e ng o ie hi i l i ht c i . ptrua t 42U. C.j1 3,a i tt Ne Ri rValeyRe onalJ i (C RVRJ'andis ls nt o S. 98 gans he w ve l gi al I N ' ) t s rnt nde ,Ger l M c a U pon r vi oft r c d,t c ur fndst tt a ton m us upe i e nt a d pe k. e ew he e or he o t i ha he c i t be s m a iy dim i s d. um r l s s e I Hart alge t f l nggoundsf rlefi hi j 1 c ant ison le s he olowi r or ei n s 983 ompli : 1. The de e nt em pl r ci ly di c i i tve pr c i est de i f nda s oy a a l s rm na i a tc o prve A f i a A m erc pr s r ofvi ia i n a ave rc ni an i one s st to nd nuest s nd f o e undst o f m iy, i s m ia l st t Ca a i n i a e ' n l lke i l r y- iua ed uc s a nm t s , The de e nt utlz r cily dic i i tvepr c ieswhe G as iyi ' f nda s ii e a a l s rm nai a tc n i sf ng' cl Afia Amerc prs r i c t y (ndlhol Afia Ame ia rc n- ian ione s n usod a d rc n- rc n pr s r t m or srnge s a r ofc i one s o e t i nt t nda ds onduc ' t , 3. Thedee nts de taercilydici nai c fnda t) monsr t a al s rmi tve onduc byt r t hei bl t ntr f al o m a r as bl e f t t pr de g oo i pr a a e us t ke e ona e f ors o ovi r m ng oduc s t f A f i a A m e i a pr s r hous w ihi NRV RJ and or r c nr c n i one s ed t n ; g antf wa d nidhi i mi mal( Aug t1 201 be a e pli iq s e e s nco ng i on us 7, 21 c us de e nt i it d i w ason C om p e - ne a e pa r' f nda s ns s e t ç c ut r ge r t d pe .' Haisons misco esofgre c s a as a r pons sa e bist hi j1 3 rt ub t pi ivmle , ppe l, nd es e s xhi t o s 98 c antAsrle r ar ngt ecli , ison se uns cfe ij tvea ompli . eif eg di hes ams Hart e ks pe iid nunci nd de l r t y r i ,a w el asm o t r da a s c a a or elef s l ne a y m ge . Two we ksafe flng hi lws t Har t s e tr ii s a ui, ison ubmit d a lte ,ale ng a tonalc am s te e tr lgi ddii li : () h j i d e no p o ieimae wi c r o p p ro fe ph t c p e ' b tej i p o i e a t e al o s t r vd n ts t ab n a e r ' e oo o is ( ) h al r v d s h r , idg n imae wi o l f u s e t o p p rpe we k;c j i safatmptdt c us o h r n ie t n t s t n y o r h es f a e r e () al tf te e o a e t e h i a est r t la ephys c ly a i tHa r t n, co ica i ot ri a e 'com put r nm t o e a i t i a l ga ns i s o by nf s tng he nm t s ege r t d ie sa t rH a r t co pl i a tt c i c ton ofc put r ge r t pa ne a e t m f e i son m a ned bou he onts a i om e - ne a ed ges fo hsic migmal ( ) alsaf odoh rimae t e c u dbec a g dwi t a g r m i n o n i; d j i tf t l te n ts h y o l h re t d n hg a flae a tvte 'i t e fldafd vi i s p r o Hartn' lws i' nd() alsa f od fi td ciiis'f h y ie fia t n u po t f iso s a ut a e j i tf t l i s , Hartnt a t ej i lw l rr wa o l u e t r sa c û rmia matr , b ta ohe imae iso h t h al a i a y s ny s d o e e r h d i n l te s' u n t r n t b c ' w asa l lowed t us t lbr r f rhi ci lc s i vi c l c t i s . A st t e o e he i a y o s vi a e nvol ng hid usody s ues o hes cams Hartn s e sij ncier l fdr ci go fcast p o ieh m wi s fiin wrt li , iso e k nu t ei ie tn fiil o r vd i t u fce t ing v e h i m a e i l a f eepho oco ng s r c s t r a s nd r t pyi e vi e . 11 The c t sr ui e t di m i sa a ton orc a m fl by a pr s rag ns a our i eq r d o s s ny c i l i ied i one ai t gove n e ale iy orof i e i t c tde e m i t a ton orc ai i f i ous m alci , r m nt ntt f c r f he our t r nes he c i l m s r vol , i ous orfist saeacli onwhihrle ma beg a td.28U. C.j1 5A( ( ) l or rt al o tt am c eif y r ne S. 91 b)1. n de o saeacam i a yf d rlcv l cin t ep anifsS ta ta alg to smu t ee o g t tt li n n e ea ii a to ,h litf kl cu l le ain s b n u h o g r i e a rghtt r le a a s i o e i f bovet s c a i l vel' t one t ti S a i e o isf ce ' r t r he pe ul tve e ,' o ha s k us bl n t a ,' a he pl t nmeeyû onceva e. BelAt.Co p. Twombl 5 U. 5 570( ) ha rl ç i bl ' l l r v. c ' v, 50 S. 44, 2007 . A . Im proper D ef endant Th j i i no a' e s n' n i t eeo en tn na l t s iun e j1 3 Prv l e al s t û ro 'a d s h rf r o me be o ut d r 98 . e a v. p Re 203F. 8 2000W L 205 a *1(t Ci. no, 3d 21, 91, t 4h r 2000)( unpubls d)(uoi W ilv. ihe q tng l M ihi nDe to Stt Polc 49lU. 58 71( 989).Theeor t c tdimis al c aa p' f ae ie, S. , 1 ) rf e,he our s ses 1 camsa ans t ej i, n e j1 5 b ( ) a lg lyfioo s li g i t h alu d r 91 A( )1, s e al rv lu . B. N o Equa Pr e t on C l m l ot c i ai TheEqua Pr e tonClus pr dest tig o Saes l ... nyt a pe s n l otci a e ovi ha snq tt hal de o ny r o wi nis u idcintee u l r tcino t lws' U. Co s. me d. V, 1 Top o t t j rs ito h q a p oe to f he a . S. n t a n XI j . r ve hi ' a e lpr e toncam,ltga sS tfrtd monsrt t tghe hal be nte td n qua otci li ii nt t mus is e tae ha t y) vel e rae difr ntyfom ot r wihwhom (he ar)smial st e andt tt unequa te t nt fe e l r he s t t y e i lry iuatd ha he l rame w ast r ul ofi e i lorpur e uldi c i i ton.' V e y v. y ,293 F. 726,730 he es t nt ntona pos f s rm na i ' ne W che 3d ( t Ci. 0 2 ( mi ig itr a q tto s.Onyi panifma e te es wi swi te 4h r 2 0 ) o t n n en l uoai n ) l f li tf k s h s ho ng l h t l c tpr e d t t ne sag oft a ys s d t r i ng whe he pr s of i i s a ton i our oc e o he xt t e he nal i : e e m ni t r ion fc al ' c i s r s ea onabl r l t t a l gii a e, nol i a pur e. M o r s n v.Ga r ah y, 9 F. 648, y e a ed o e tm t pe og c l pos r io r a t 23 3d 654( h Ci.2001.Pli ifû tpla s fcen fcst stsye chr quieme .Vene 4t r ) antf t mus e d ufii t a t o aif a e r nt y, 293F. a 7 tl bs nts f t le de et c twilno l be ndt 3d t 31. tAl e ome acua vi nc he our l t ook hi he de e m i t o ofpr s of i i l on m e e a cus tonst tt y a e r c aly m otva ed.' t r na i ns i on fc a s r c a i ha he r a i l i t ' Cha pmanv.Re ds 378F.Supp.11 11 ( . Va.1 . ynol , 37, 40 W D. 974) Hartnn st ej i s p rn e d n a ad fn a ta dma e c n l o ya s rin iso mne h al u eitn a t s ee d n n k s o cus r se t s o t a ji p lce c n enngimaeca sfc to , ii to , n yta ses a dc mmis r h t al o iis o c r i n t lsiiain vst in mo e r n fr, n o say a pr t tea Afi n- rc n i t si adic i na or mn r Haison' c oduc s r t rca Ame i a nma e n s rmi t y nne . rt s ompl i f is ant a l t s a e t pr s ons oft polc eshe c l nge a pr s n s no f c s s i how t e o t t he ovi i he i i hale s nd e e t a t how ng hes polci ha ha me hi 1Nordoe t c antd ci a pa tc a r s ti whihj i i es ve r d m. s he ompli es rbe ny riulr epec n c al polci a y d f e e l t A f i a A m e i a i a e t n t i a esof o he r e w ih w hom i es ppl i f r nty o rc n- r c n nm t s ha o nm t t r ac s t Hais on i s m ia l st t Be a e t f c ua c entofH a r t s c pl i doesnots r t s i l ry iua ed. c us he a t l ont is on' om a nt how t ne s a y ee e sf an a tonabl cam ofr c dic i nai t c tmus s he ce s r lm nt or ci e li a e s rmi ton, he our t umm a iy rl dimisCli () ( , () s s ams 1,2) and 3 . 1 See Hum merv. Dal ,65 F.d 6 , 5 6 6 ( t Ci.1 81 ( ol ngt tp io r t on 7 2 21 62 2 4h r 9 ) h di ha rs ne pr oceedi pr s m ay nots ' asa çkni e r nt'f ot i at ,butm a onl s t enf ce hi ng o e el ve t ght r a ' or her nm es y y eek o or s ownrg s. iht) C . C o l or A le i nc us y l gatons Har t as pr s nt no f c si s ison lo e e s a t n uppor ofhi o he c am s Hi f c ua c e tdoes t s t r l i . s a t l ont n n ts o ta t ej i' p lc o rf sn t alw imae t rc iec mp trg n r td o h w h t h als o iy f eu ig o lo n ts o e ev o ue - e eae m ae il wih t i pe s tra s t her r onalma li a t e ona e mehodt lm i ac es t m aera st t i s n mr as bl t o i t c s o t il ha mih p s as c rt tr a.Th rb lg v. b t, 9 U. 401( 98 )( o dn ta p io g t o e e u i h e t o n t h Ab ot4 0 S. 1 9 h l ig h t rs n y r lm iai on im a e' r e p ofi omi m ala eco tt i na i r to ly r lt d t i t tons n t s ec i t nc ng i r nsiuto l f a i nal ea e o lgii t pe ogc i eet) Hartn f l t s w t tt mallmiai t r i of e tmae nol ialntrss. iso ais o ho ha he i i tton,he aton w rtng m a e i s t l c off e co i s r i esorc r pa r a t i biiy t obt i ii t ral , he a k r e py ng e v c a bon pe , nd he na lt o a n a fda t fom o he i a e ha s cfc ly hi r d hi at mpt t ltga ea vibl f vis r t r nm t s ve pe ii a l nde e s te s o ii t ny a e c tt ina cli .Se Le sv.Ca e 51 U. 3 351( 996)(i ngt tj 1 cam onsiuto l ams e wi s y, 8 S. 43, 1 tndi ha 983 li o d n a o a c s t c u t r q rss e ii s o n o ij r ) Fial, iso sc ncus r f e il f c e s o o rs e uie p cfc h wig f nu y . n ly Hartn' o l o y a lga i ofc pia a r t iton a e i ufk intt sa ea c tt i lca m . Se le tons ons r cy nd eala i r ns t e o t t ny onsiutona li e Adnmsv. c 40F. 72,74( hCi.1 (i ngt tc us yalgai ofr t it y Rie, 3d 4t r 994) fndi ha oncl or le tons ealaor motvec ts i anno uppor j 1 r alai cai byprs ofiil) Br v.Angeo 938 t 983 et iton l m ion fcas; own lne, F. supp. 346( . Va.1 )(i ngt twheeal tonsofc pia ya eme ey 340, W D. 996 fndi ha r legai ons r c r r l e n l o y, t u fdss o n c mmo p r o et ij ep anif c mp an ma b o cus r wi t a h wig o n u p s o nur lit , o lit y e ho f sl rl dimis d) Be us Haiso fist saes tce tfcst makeprmaf i cli tmmaiy s se . ca e rtn al o tt ufi in a t o i ace ams c n enigtec aln e j ipoiis t ec u t imis sh scamswi u p eudc u e o c r n h h le g d al l e ,h o r d s se i li c t t rj ie nd r ho j 1 5 b)1 . 91 A( ( ) TheClr i die t d t s nd c e oft sm e a e k s r c e o e opi s hi mor ndum o ni and a compa ng pi on c nyi or ert pl ntf . d o ai i f ENTER!Thi 23 d yo oco e, 2012. s a f tb r Chi U nied St es Di t ctJ ef t at sri udge 4