Goodson vs. Clark, et al, No. 7:2012cv00415 - Document 21 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 11/29/2012. (tvt)
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CLERK' OFFf U. DI . S CE S. ST COUX A7 ROANOKE, ' VA FIED L 82# 2q 2 1 22 I T H E UN I ED ST AT ES DISTR ICT C O U R T N T FO R T H E W ESTER N D I R I O F V I G I IA ST CT R N R O A N O K E D IV ISIO N JAM ES D .G O O D SO N ,SR . , ULl a LEX CLER/ ' LA' j/ 'y . Ci lA c i N o.7: 2c vi t on 1 v00415 Pl nt f ai i f, M EM O M N DU M O PI I N N O H A R O LD W .CL A R K etaI, . By:Sam uelG .W is l on U nied St es D i ri Judge t at st ct D efendants. J m e D a l s G oods , Sr ,a i at a Gr e vil Cor e i na Ce e i V igi a, a s la on . n nm e t e ns le r cto l nt r n r ni l brngst sa tonrrps ptrua t 42U. C.j 1 a i tdefndant Haol W .Clr Loui i hi ci t e zs nt o S. 983 gans e s rd ak, s B. i D. Br xt a M r Younc pr s bl co r c i lofii l a Gr e vil Ce , A. a on, nd . e, e uma y r e tona fc a s t e ns le Core tonalCe e . Goods c am st thewasde e a e st a s t ni bi et the rci nt r on l i ha nid cc s o a a c bl ha or r a t the w asnota l e t o de a a ul ts bolzi s t ni m . Bec us de ed, nd ha low d o r r n m e ym i ng a a s a e Goods f ist a tc a e apl i e c am f r i agans t na e def nda s t c t on al o ri ult ausbl l i or elef i t he m d e nt , he our ds s e Go d o ' c mp an wi o tp eu iep ru n t 2 U. C. 1 5A)b ( ) imis s o s n s o lit t u rj d c u s a t o 8 S. j 91 ( ( )1 . h 1. UnderRul 8 a( oft Fe r lRul ofCi lPr e e,apla ngmus eo an a e ( )2) he de a es vi oc dur e di t nti (s tand pl i s a e e oft c a m s i t t pl a ri e il d t r le ' Fe R . lhor a n t t m nt he l i how ng hat he e de s ntte o e i f' d. Ci P.8()2) Att pladi sage t c tmus a c ptacli ntsfcua algai as v. a ( . he e ng t ,he our t c e ama ' a t l le tons t z, u p an if mu t la e o g fcst t u g u t ercamsa r steln fo n e b t litfs s p e d n u h a t o l d e h i li cos h i e r m n c e va et plusbl 'a t cl m mus bedim is d i i i nott a i eon isf c ' onc i bl o a i e, nd he ai ' t s se f t s t usbl pl t a e. ' Bel At.Cor v.Twombl 550U. 544,570( ) Alhoug t c ti rquie t l l p. v, S. 2007 . t h he our s e rd o 1 D urng s m eoft tm er l va t hi c i o he i e e nt o s ompli , G oods w asan i at atK een ant on nm e M oun a n Co r c i lCe e i V i gi a. t i r e tona nt r n r ni lbeal c tuepr s doc nt,Erc onv. r ,551U. 89, ( ) t sdoe no i rly onsr o e ume s iks Padus S. 94 2007 ,hi s t r quiet co tt i nor an obvi f iur t al gef c ss ti f t a plusbl cli f r e r he ur o g e ous a l e o le a t e tng orh a i e am o r l f M il v. e n il Cn y.5 6F. p . d4 0, 7 ( S. 2 0 )(ii gW elrv. p' ei . ls Gr e vle t , 8 Su p 2 8 48 D. C. 0 8 ctn le De t e ofSoc.Se v .901F. 387( h Ci.1 ) Tobee ildt r ifunde 42U. C.j1 r s, 2d 4t r 990). ntte o ele r S. 983, Goods n m us s o t how bot avi a i ofa rgh s cle byt Consiuton a l wsoft h olton i t e tr d he tt i nd a he Unie St t s a t ta pe s a tng unde c orofs a e 1 w co m it d t a l ge de i ton. t d a e nd ha r on c i r ol tt a m t e he le d prva i W e t Ati , 7U.. 2 4 ( 98 ) s v. kns 48 S 4 , 8 1 8 . H e e G oods scom pl i c a ns no f c si c tng how Cl r a Y ounc co d be r, on' a nt ont i a t ndi a i a k nd e ul la e. l f t t c pl nt sonl m e i ofCl r a Younce i na i t t o as i bl n ac , he om ai ' y nton a k nd s m ng he w def nt . Fur he , s c pl i co a nsno a l ga i a i tBr xt ot rt n hi enda s t r hi om a nt nt i le tons ga ns a on he ha s alegai t tBrxt sae t t1Csaanim i notar i ont ti rcogni dbyt l ton ha a on ttd ha t(lt s s elgi ha s e ze he De a t n o Co rcins' ( '. mp . , No 1) Thssae n , we e , o sn t p rme t f re to .' Pls Co l2 ECF . . i ttme tho v r d e o ' plusbl s w t tBr xt vi aed a rght s c e by t Consiuton orlw soft Unie a i y ho ha a on ol t ny i s e ur d he tt i a he t d Stt .Thus Goods ha notatc ae aj 1 cli a ns de e nt Brxt Clr a aes , on s riultd 983 am gai t f nda s a on, ak, nd Younce. Re r ng Ce ,Goods m a t o a l ga i . Fis ,G oods a l gest tCe a s ga di i on kes w le tons r t on le ha i l o sae ta $ (ltns i no ar lgo ta i r c g ie b teDe rme to Co rcin .' ttd h t t saa im s t ei in h t s e o nz d y h pa t n f re to s' ç ' ( '. Pls Compl 2,ECFNo.1) Ag n,hi sae ntdoesnotplusbl s t tCe vi aeda y . . ai t s ttme a i y how ha i olt n rgh ss cur d by t Consiuton orl oft Unie St t s Sec i t e e he tt i aws he t d a e . ond, Goods n al ge t t o le s ha t ih Re e Com m it e M em be Loui B.Ce ' r f s d hi t he rghtt or ra G oa H e d d t vi w Fa te r s i' e u e m i i o de t t a StrAmult' (d. Goods doesnot howe r algea f t i c tngt tt amulti a e. I ) ' on , ve , le ny acs ndiai ha he e s ne es a y f hi f ee e r i e ofr lgi ort tCe i e d t i pede G oods sf ee e r i e c s r or s r xe c s e i on ha i nt nde o m on' r xe c s rght.Se Lo l ev.Le 472F. 1 201( hCi. i s e veac e, 3d 74, 4t r 2006)( tnni ngt tt pli if dee ni ha he antf imus a s tc c ousori e i li e f r nc wih hi fe exe cierg st sa eavald s t s er ons i nt ntona ntr e e e t s r e r s i ht o tt i , i ae r c s am ns cai unde j1 3') Thus G oodson hasnotartcult d af eeexer i ecl i agai tCeiunder lm r 98 '. j1 983. lI. Ac or ng y, hecour fndst tGoods hasf ie t sae apl i e c am f r if c di l t t i ha on al d o t t ausbl l i or ele t e j1 8 a an t nyo ted fnd nsa dd s se hsc mplit t o t rj ie md r 9 3 g is a f h ee a t n imis s i o an wih u p eudc purua t 28U. C.j191 A)b) 1. s nt o S. 5( ( ( ) ENT ER : ove be 29,201 N m r 2. / ) A UN I TED STA TES D I STRI JUD GE CT