Linder v. Young, No. 7:2012cv00414 - Document 4 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 11/1/2012. (kab)
Download PDF
cu socff u. n*T. cRx' rce s. elur AA DANVC E, A ' LL V a F! L I TH E U NI N TED STATES DI STR I T C O U R T C FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STR ICT O F VIR G IN I A R O A NO K E DIV ISIO N TI O TH Y LI ER , M ND Pett oner, ii V. STA N Y O U N G , R es pondent . N# 0 j J A , L EM ULI ) E ' c C i lA ct on N o.7: cvvi i 12- 00414 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) M E M O R AND U M O PI I N N O By: H on. ks L.K i e Jac on sr Seni U ni ed St es D itri Judge or t at s ct Ti o hy Li r a V igi a i a e pr e ng pr # ,fld ape ii f awrtofha s m t nde , r ni nm t oc edi o q ie tton or i bea - c pus purua t 28U. C.j2254.Theco tc tonalyfldt peii ad s d or , s nt o S. ur ondii l ie he tton, vie pe ii rt tt pe ii a a e t be untm e y f l d,and gr nt d pe ii rt opporuniy ttone ha he tton ppe r d o i l ie a e ttone he t t t e a n w hy t pe ii s ul notbe c i r un i e y f l d. Pe ii o xpl i he tton ho d ons de ed tm l ie ttonerha r s nd s e po ed, a t smatri rpef prlmi r rviw,purua t Rul 4 o t RulsGo r ng j2254 nd hi te s i or ei nay e e s nt o e f he e veni Cas . A fe r vi w i t r c d,1di m i s t pe ii astm e ba r d. es t r e e ng he e or s s he tton i re 1. The Cic tCour ofRoc ngha Count s t nce pe ii ro Aug t13,200 t r ui t ki m y en e d ttone n us 9, o f t e g ye s i pr s nen afe pe ii rpl de guit t t o c ory- i ht ar ' m i om t t r ttone ea d ly o w ount ofs s odom y by f c or e a oneco ofi c ntlbe tes Pe ii rdi nota a t t Cour ofAppe l ofVigi a nd unt nde e i ri . ttone d ppe l o he t as r ni . O n M a c 1 2011, ttone f l d a pe ii n f a w rtofha a c p w ih t Cicui r h 7, pe ii r ie tt o or i be s or us t he t t Cour ofRoc ng m Count whi de e t peii on t m e ison J nua y 27,201 t ki ha y, ch ni d he tton he rt a r 2. Pe ii ne a tto r ppea ed t t Supr m e Cour ofV i g ni w hi h dim i s t a a o Augus 2, l o he e t r i a, c s s ed he ppe l n t 201 Pe ii ne fl d t i t ntf r lha aspe ii on Aug t29,201 See R . Gov. 2. tto r ie he ns a ede a be tton us 2. j2254Ca e 3( ( c i ngt prs n- iboxr e . s s d) desrbi he io mal ul) ERK BY: K I l. Ha aspeii fldunderj2254aes j e t aone- rpe i oflmiai 28 be ttons ie r ub e t o yea rod i tton. U. C.j2244( ()1Ge r 1y,hi pei be nst r fom t daeonwhiht j me S. d) 1. nea1 t s rod gi o un r he t c he udg nt ofc ci be me fna. 28U. . .j2244( ( )A) A co ci bec sfna o t onviton co s i l2 SC d)1( . nviton ome i l nce he a ia lt ofdie trviw i e valbiiy r c e e s xhause td.UniedStt v. a 537U. 522,524( t aes Cly, S. 2003) The . one- ea flng pe i i t l d whieac c ' ç ope l tl d a i ton f Stt y r ii rod s ole l onvi ts t pr ry ie pplcai or a e pos- nvitonorot rc ltr rviw'i l ndi ' 28U. C.j2244( ( .Se W alv. tco ci he olaeal e e 's k ng. pe ' S. d)2) e l Khol, i U. S. ,1 S.Ct 1 1 - ( )( s usi pr e ngst tq iyas 31 . 278, 28889 2011 dic sng oce di ha ualf colaea rvi .A diti c tma s ltrl e ew) srd our y ummaiydimisaj225 peiin i apeii rfis rl s s 4 tto f ttone al t m a t r qui ie s i oftm elne s a trt c tnotfe pe ii rt tt pe ii o ke he e s t how ng i i s fe he our i i s ttone ha he tton a ppea suntm ey and a l a opporuniy t pr dea a gume a e de e. Hilv. r i l lows n t t o ovi ny r nt nd vi nc l Brxtn, F. 7 ,707( h Ci. a o 277 3d 01 4t r 2002) . Pettone ' j225 peii i untmeyunde j2244() 1( .Peii ' co ci ii rs 4 tton s i l r d ( )A) ttoners nvitons be a e f na o Se e be 1 2009,whe t tm e e r f rpe ii rt not a a pe lfom c m i l n pt m r 4, n he i xpied o ttone o e n p a r t Ci c tCou tofR oc ngham Count t t Co tofAppe l ofV i gi a Se V a. p.Ct he r ui r ki y o he ur as r ni . e Su . R.5 6( )(ttnga a alfom tw tilv tt tw Cour ofAppeasi alowedonl it A: a sai n ppe r l ra our o l t ls l y f he 1The one - y a p ro o l t to frfl g ah b a p t i n u d rj2 4 b gist r n o t e lt s o f u d ts e r e id f i ai n o ii mi n a e s e i o n e 25 e n o u n h ae t f o r ae : t ( ted t o whihtej d me t c mefn l yt c n lso o dietrve o tee prto o te A) h ae n c h u g n be a ia b he o cu in f rc e iw rh x iain f h tm e f rs ki s h r e ; i o ee ng uc evi w ( t d t o whi.tei e i n t fln a a l aince tdb Stt a to i vilto o t B)he ae n c h mp dme t o i g n ppi to r ae y ae cin n oain fhe h i c Consiutonorlwsoft UniedSt e i r move it a ian waspr vened fom flng bys h tt i a he t ats s e d,f he pplc t e t r ii uc St e ac i at ton; ( ted t onwhihtec n tuin l ih asre wa i tal rc g z db t S pe Co r,fh C)h ae c h o si to a rg t setd s ni ly e o nie y he u rme u tite t i rgh hasbee newl r ogni dbyt Supr meCou ta ma r toaci l a iabl t c e on i t n y ec ze he e r nd de er tvey pplc e o as s c l t r lr vi w ;or ola e a e e ( t ed t o wh c t f cu l r dc t o t ca m o camsp e e td c u d h v b e ds o e e D) h ae n ih he a t a p e iae f he li r li r s n e o l a e e n ic v r d t oug t e ci e ofdue dii nc hr h he xer s lge e. 28U.. j2 4 ()1( -D) SC. 2 4d ()A)( . 2Pe ii ne di no a guetm elnes u tto r d t r i i s nd rs s ci n ( t r u h ( . e ub e to s B) h o g D) a p la tflsanoieo a p a wi ntit d yso tefn l u g n) Peiin rfldh s p eln ie tc f p e l t hry a f h ia j d me t. tto e ie i hi s a e ha aspetton on M ar h 1 20 1 ,548 daysafe hi c t t be ii c 7, 1 t r s onvi tons be am e fna . ci c i l A c or ng y,t s a ut oflm iato had a r ad e r by t tm e pe ii rf l d hi s a e c di l he t t e i t i ns le y xpied he i ttone ie s t t ha aspe ii a t ,s a ut y t lng i no pe m it d. Se .e. ,M i e v.Be k, F. be tton, nd hus t t or oli s t r te e =. nt r c 230 3d 663,665( hCi.2000)(e og zi t asat habe speiin c nnotr veane rd 4t r rc ni ng hat t e a tto a evi xpie lmiai perod) i ttons i . Equia e t lng i a l bl o y i i hos r r i t nce wher - duet c r um sanc s t bl oli s vaia e nl n û e a e ns a s t e o ic t e e e na t t pa t sow n conduc - i w oul be unc c ona e t e or t lm ia i n pe i xt r l o he ry' t t d ons i bl o nf ce he i t to r od a ans t ep rya g o sij tc wo l rs t'Ro ev. e 3 9F.d2 8 2 6( t Ci. g i t h a t nd r s nusie u d e ul. us Le , 3 3 3 , 4 4h r ' 2 0 )(nb n )(n en lq o ainmakso t d (iigHa sv. thi o 20 F.d3 , 0 3 e a c itr a u tto r mie ) ctn ni Huc ns n, 9 3 25 t 330( hCi.2000).Thus apeii rmus ha t e purui hi rg sdii nty,a ... 4t r ) , ttone t ve i n s ng s iht lge l nd be s e e r or na y cic s a e s ood i hi wa ' o pr ve tm el flng. H ola v. orda om xt a di r r um t nc t n s y' t e nt i y ii l nd Fl i , U. S. ,1 S.Ct25 2560( 0) 30 . 49, 201 . Pe ii r sl c ofknowl dgeaboutl ga pr s ort sa ut y de dlne f f de a ttone ' a k e e l oce s he tt or a i or e r l ha a r le doesno s be s e i f t uppor g a i s h e r o d na y r i . H a rs 209 F. a 330. t r ntng uc xt a r i r elef r i , 3d t Fu t r or Ido notfnd an e r or nar cic s aw e i t r cor t tpr ve e pe ii r r he m e, i y xt a di y r um t l n he e d ha e nt d ttone fo flngatmel petto Se e. ,Unie Sttsv.Sos 364F. 507,51 ( hCi. 04) rm ii i y iin. e, c. td ae a, 3d 2 4t r 20 ( r > sausa din r n eo telw d e n t u tf e utb etli l Tu n rv J h s n 1 7 p o . tt n g o a c f h a o s o j siy q ia l o l ; r e . o n o , 7 < ng F.d 3 39 ( t Ci.1 ( i t tt a laiywiht lw duet iltr yorpr > 3 90, 2 5h r 999) notng ha mfmiirt t he a o lieac ot . sausdoe nott llmiatonspei .Ac di y, ttone tldhi fde a ha aspeii tt s ol i t i rod) cor ngl peii r ic s e r l be tton m or t n one yea a t rt c c i be m e f na , ttoneri note il d t t lng, a t e ha r f e he onvi tons ca i l pe ii s ntte o oli nd he pe ii m us be di m i s d. tton t s se 11 1. Fort f egoi r he or ng easons,Idi i s t petton f a w rtofhabeas cor sm s he ii or i pus,pur suantt o Rul 4 oft RulsGoveni j2254Ca e .Ba e uponmytndi t tpeii ha not e he e r ng ss sd i ng ha ttoner s m a t r qui ie s t ntals de he e s t ubs a i howi ofa de a ofa co tt i lr g asr uie by 28 ng ni l ns iutona i ht eq r d U. C.j2253() ac tfcaeofa albiiyi de ed. S. c , erii t ppe a lt s ni The Cl r i di e t d t s nd a co oft s M e or nd Opi on a t a com pa ng ek s r ce o e py hi m a um ni nd he c nyi Or rt pe ii r de o ttone . EN TER : s Thi da ofN o m be , 2. y ve r 201 ' x q 1 1 Se rUnie St t sD i t i tJ n t d a e s rc udge