Thomas et al v. Carmeuse Lime & Stone, Inc., No. 7:2012cv00413 - Document 12 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 9/6/12. (med)
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r pnK' OFFI U.8. ST. a s CE DI COURT ATRG NOKE.VA FI LED I TH E U NI N TED STA TES DI STRI T CO UR T C FOR TH E W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OA N O K E D I ISIO N V SEP Cs 2 1 02 X L ,pux c CLERK BY; )ù p jI / y/ . DEPm > CL ERK JUSTI D .TH O M A S & N I EN E S.TH O M A S, R Pl ntfs ai if, CA RM EU SE LI E & ST O N E, N C . M I ! Dee nt fnda . ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) C as No. 7: c 00413e : 12- vJCT M EM O M N DU M O PIN I N O By:Jam es C.T urk Se or U ni e St e D i t e Judge ni t d at s s ri t ) Thi m a t ri bef e t Cour on t m oton ofPl i t f sJ tn D .Thom a & l e S. s te s or he t he i a n if us i s r ne Th ma fratmp rr r sr ii god r(TRO' az p ei n r ijmcin a ans Dee d n o s o e o ay e tan n r e t ' t rl ay nt to g i t fn a t ( ) d mi Came eLi & Stne l (t r e' ( . 2 . fnda fldars ei r us me o , nc. t meus ' DktNo. ) Dee nt ie e pons n ca ) o ii t t TRO ( . 7) a t Cou thedahe i onSe e r4, 2, twhih pposton o he DktNo. , nd he r l arng ptmbe 201 a c bot pa tesw e e r pr s nt by c h ri r e e e ed ouns l The m a t ri now rpe f r de i i Fort r a ons e. te s i o c s on. he e s s tf rh be ow ,Pl i if M oton f Te por r Re t a ni O r ri D EN I D. A st e ot l a ntf s' i or m a y s r i ng de s E o Plitfs rq e t o aP ei n r Ij ncin,h trq s i tke u d ra vie n .Th anif ' e u s f r r l ay nu to ta e uet s a n n e d s me t e mi pa te m a r r i s y eque ta s e nthe rng o t tr le i t de ie, twhi h tm e t l ga s ubs que a i n ha e i f f hey s r a c i he e l i s s unde l ng t cl i s i t sca e m a be m or f l e or .1 s ue ryi he a m n hi s y e uly xpl ed l Pl ntf ss ved copi oft notce on couns f Ca m e e, Car e e fl ar pons i opposton ai if er es he i el or r us m us ied es e n ii t t TRO prort t hearng,i udi a s n de ar ton,and Ca m eus scounselappear vi o he i o he i ncl ng wor cl a i r e' ed a t ephoneand pr ent d ar ent att hea i Thus t Cour concl t Car el es e gum s he rng. , he t udes hat meus had adequae e t no ies c t tt eCou tc ul r l o t r qu s f p ei nay ij ncin, we lSe Fe R. v. tc u h ha h r o d ue n he e e t or r lmi r n u to as l. e d. Ci P. 65' S. p' o La orv. ol RunM ii Co.45 F.d2 28 - 4( s usi n ier q rme t , De t f b U. W f nng , 2 3 75, 3 8 dic sng otc e uie n s a wh ni i a pr raet c nv r aTRO it ap ei nay ij ncina ctngCinaCo p. nd e t s p op it o o e t no r lmi r n u to nd ii e r v. J rad, 3F.d 3l , 9( t Ci. 00 f rt ep o ostont a û dititc r c l p op ry c nsd r a rr 20 3 2 31 4h r 20 ) o h r p ii h tû src ou t oud r e l o ie a amo in fraTRO a arqu tf ap ei n r ij n ton ba e ontefudiyoft r lto hi to o s e es or r lmia y n u ci , s d h li t he eains p bewe nTROsa dpr lmi r ij c i s f u i n o as e ik tmep ro b to wh t rt t e n ei nay nun ton ,oc sng ot n p cf i e id u n ehe he op osngp ryha af i op ru t t o os i'.No t ee s t Co t ciest d s p i a t d ar po t ni o pp e t) neh ls,he ur de ln o o o. y ' 1 FACTUAL AND PRO CEDUR AL BACK GROUND . Pl i i f ,who a e r i nt ofOhi o n c r a n r a pr pe t c itng ofbe w ee 1 a ntfs r es de s o, w e t i e l o ry ons s i t n 50 a 1 ace i Buc n,Vigni (1 eThomasPr ry', whih i l sanol sone nd 90 rs n hana r i a $h t ope t '2 c ncude ) dt h us (d eS o eHo s ' . c r igt teafd vto Plitfs e pett S o eHo s Cs o e th t n u e' Ac o dn o h fia i f anif' x r,he t n u e t t ) i a e ele ,a rr exa eof1 hce yc o a Ameia ac t t e. ( tNo. n xc lnt nd ae, mpl 8t nmr olnil rc n rhiecur ' Dk . 4, ' De .ofDa e B. pa !3. I i t ae'i t s et tc onilstlr di notfeque ty cl nil Thor t ) t s i r 'n he ens ha ol a etes d r r nl bul sonehous s (d.a !3- )Noonec re tyr i i t St Hous ,a i a rnty id t e . l t 4. ur nl esdes n he one e nd t ppae l ha notbe noc upid(ndpeha ha be nuni bia e)f s tme. s e c e a r ps s e nha tbl or ome i 3 D e e ntCa us i a D e a r c por ton w ih isprnc pa pl c ofbus ne si f nda nne e s l wa e or a i t t i i l ae i s n Pts urh, n s la a l o sa do eae al so emi n pa tta i a j c n t itb g Pe n yv ni. t wn n p rts i t n nig ln h t s d a e t o me Pl ntf s pr ry. A lhough t Com pl i i ntfe a di pu e ast t ext ntofCa m e e' ai i f ' ope t t he a nt de ii s s t o he e r us s o r hi ofmi a rght on t Thoma Pr ry,ti a r nty undiput d t tCa meus wne s p ner l i s he s ope t i s ppa e l s e ha r e ow nsa l s s e oft m i r lr g s o t Thom asPr pe t a t ti hasa ea e e t t ea t om he ne a i ht n he o ry, nd ha t n s m nt o c onduc m i ng ope a i on a l a ta por i oft Thom asPr ry. t ni r tons tes ton he ope t I t i Ve ii Co pl nt Pl ntfsa lget tt St Hous hass t i da ge n he r rfed m ai , ai if le ha he one e usaned ma f om Ca m e e' bl s i o nea by pr ry,at r r us s a tng n r ope t lhough t onl evi nc ast w ha c us d t he y de e o t a e he da a i M r Thoma deca ai sai t thebei ve t bl si ca e t da m ge s . s' lr ton t tng ha le s he a tng us d he mage The . Ve ii d Compl nta s c ansa e e i dic son oft hit y ofc rfe ai l o ont i n xt nsve s us i he sor onveya esbot f nc h or t Thom a Pr t a f rt s ur a m i r lesa e ow ne by Ca m e e. I pa tc a , he s opery nd o he ubs f ce ne a t t d r us n r i ul r t Co pl i f us s on a 18 i en ur de t ts ve e t m i r lrght f om t e t t he m a nt oc e n 49 nd t e ed ha e r d he ne a i s r he s a e 2 Pl ntf s couns expl ned t t t r dsi cae t ThomasPr t conss sof ai if ' el ai hat he ax ecor ndi t he opery it appr m a el 1 acr ,whieatl tonesurv hascal at isar ascl ert 1 ac es. oxi t y 90 es l eas ey cul ed t ea os o 50 r 3 The pari diagr aboutt curentcondii oft St Hous and per tes s ee he r ton he one e hapsa boutPl ntf s ai if ' i entonsast ispr er i Thosediput a e notgennane t t Cour' r ol i oft r ques nt i o t es vaton. s es r o he ts es uton he e t f rij nci rle , we r a dt eCou t e no ds us t e f te . o n u tve e if ho ve, n h r do s t ic s h m urh r oft Pl i if 'pr c s -n-nt r t Rey l , nd c he antfs ede es ori i e es, no ds a onveye t m t Ca me e' d he o r us s pr de s or i i e e t W is The 1 49 de alo co e ce s -n-nt r s , l on. 8 ed s nveye a e em e ove t Thom a d n as nt r he s Pr pe t f m i ng pur e , t e s m e c a ne a i po t nte e i n. The o ry or ni pos s but he a e nt ont i d n m r a xc pt o e e ton di no a l t ow ne oft m i r e t t ,o is s c s or ,i o bl s ,orqua r or xc p i d t low he r he ne al s a e r t uc e s s ' a t t r y, t a y,a sonewihi t e os eoft ya d at c d t t s i Re ds pr s nt ake wa ny t t n he ncl ur he r ta he o he a d ynol ' e e dwelnghous ' ( li e.' Compl a Ex.B,Trnsai a 3. Thepr bii saest ti i beng .t a lton t ) ohi ton tt ha t s i d ns r e t pr ec t f m iy oft s i Re ds a ofhi he r ora s gns oro he pe s s e t d o ot t he a l i he a d ynol , nd s i s s i , t r r ons whoma bei t occ nc oft hous fom a y n he upa y he e r nnoya e. (d. Pli if c endt tthe nc ' 1 ) antfs ont ha û ' t ya d' i a s t nta a e a ound t Hous a t tCa m e e i pr bied f om e r ' s ubs a i l r a r he e nd ha r us s ohi t r ngag ng i i n a tviis(s cal mode da mehodsofquar ng)t tmihtc wihi theyad. ci te e pe ily m- y t ryi ha g ome t n d r ' t ' The Com pl i a s ale st tt m i r le t t owned by W is n wasl t rs a nt l o l ge ha he ne a s a e lo a e ub- di de a t ts e n gr nt oft mi r lorlm e t rght gr ed ls t n t f l vi d nd ha ubs que t a s he ne a i sone i s ant e s ha he ul a ounti ta l g a ed i t 1 de d. Ba e on t s Pl i if c t nd t tCa m e e m nii ly r nt n he 849 e sd hi , a ntf s on e ha r us a a st owno yapori oft lmet ont ThomasPr ry( scal apori s ut ppe r o nl ton he i sone he ope t ba i ly ton o h oft St Hous a t tCame eha no rg t quar ore nbeprs ntont ot r he one e) nd ha r us s iht o ry ve ee he he pori oft Tho sPr pet ( . 1 Compla ! 1 21) tons he ma o ry. Dkt No. , . t ! 2- . A sPl i if s m a i a ntf s um rze, C a m e e ...a a st be ope a i unde t m it ke pr m i e t ti eihe o nsa 1 r us ppe r o r tng r he s a n e s ha t t r w l oft lm e t on t Thom a Pr ry ort ti hasa ea e e t t e ie s f c of he i s one he s ope t ha t n s m nt o he ntr ur a e t Thom asPr r y e n t he ope t ve houg i onl owns lm ied a e oflm esone w ihi t h t y i t r as i t t n he Pr pe t Ca us alo s e ngl f ist a e a et tt 18 dee di not o ry. nne e s e mi y al o ppr cit ha he 49 d d c e pl t t m a rofqua r ng t atCa m eus cu r nty e pl . G i n t w i ont m a e he nne r yi h r e r e l m oys ve he de s t ofs f c t ti de t oye pur ua t Ca m e e' c r ntm i ng t l i wa h ur a e ha s s r d s nt o r us s ur e ni ec m ques e bied o t pr r y ne ghborng t Thom asPr pe t t e i e y o t Thom as xhi t n he ope t i i he o ry, he ntr t f he Pr opert w oul be cons ed,i diectcont cton t t pl n t m soft deed,t y d um n r radi i o he ai er he he i e toft pa te a t tm e oft de d,a c r r t whatt l i Vigi a nt n he ri s t he i he e nd onta y o he aw n r ni r r equies. ( . 1 Compla !26. DktNo. , . t )TheCo ai t se apr i nayij ton,apema nt mpl nthus e ks elmi r n unci r ne 3 ij n to , n ad ca ao yj d me t et gf rhtelmi to se p e s di t Co lita nu cin a d e lr tr u g n s ti o t h i t in x rs e n he mpan s n a t Ca m e e' m i r lr gh s a e e e . o r us s ne a i t nd as m nt I t erM oinf raTRO, anif r q etij nci r le p o i tngCa e s fo n h i to o Plitfs e u s n u tve eif r hbi i nn u e rm: ()S itr igteodso eh u ea dt y r a j ii gt eh u e a wel steso eb ne t 1 d su bn h 1 t n o s n he ad don n h o s , s l a h tn e ah d t s ae ';( S sur ng,atrng orde toyi t s i t s ist ol sonehous he e ras' 2) ' t bi lei , sr ng he prng hat upple he d t di e wihwae'' ( S xce ngt sopeoft e s me gi ngi a e st t lmiedae of t tr'and 3) ' edi he c e he a e nt vi t cc s o he i t ra islmet e tt aonghaft ven ofgeylmesone, nda s it mi ngrght. ( . t i sone sae l l he i r i t a socaed ni i s' Dkt ' No. a 12. Att he rng,howe r c e r uetde nmor lmie rle,rquesi 2 t - ) he ai ve, ouns l eq se ve e i td eif e tng t tt TRO smpl pr bi Cam e efom dit bi orda ha he i y ohi t r us r sur ng magi t St Hous ort ng he one e he s i The Cour a e s s he e n o y t r ues a lm ie by c prng. t ddr s e r i nl he eq t s i t d ouns l4 e. l . STAN DA R D S FO R G M N TI G I I N NJUN CTI E R ELI V EF A st Supr e Cour e a ne i W i e v. a ur Re . ef Cou i.I . 555 U . 7, he em t xpl i d n nt r N t al s D . nc l nc , S. 2 ( 0 8 , p ei nayij n to i t ne ta r i ayr me yt a ma o ybea r e u o 2 2 0 ) a r lmi r n u cin s t xr o dn r e d h t y nl wad d p n a a cl a s i t tt pl i tf i e il d t s h r le . The s m e s a r a i st a TRO , e r how ng ha he a n i f s ntte o uc e i f' ' a t nda d pple o whihi difr tfom aprlmi r ij tononl i t tica beeneedwihoutnotc a c s feen r ei nay nunci y n ha t n tr t ie nd mus be o lmie dur ton. SeeU . De tofLa v.W ol Run M i nc Co. 452 F. 275, t f i td ai S. p' bor f ni , 3d 281n. ( hCi. 1 4t r 2006) l or rt etbls t thei e ildt rle,apli iftmus . n de o sa ih ha s ntte o eif antf t t esa iht thei lkey t s c ed o t m e is t thei lkey t s f rir pa a ehar i t bls ha s i l o uc e n he rt ,ha s i l o ufe re r bl m n t a e ofpr lm i r r i , ha t baa eofe te tpsi hi fvo ,a t ta he bs nce e i na y elef t t he lnc quiis i n s a r nd ha n ij to i i t publci ee t' W i e,555U. a 20.s ealoDewhurtv. ntr n uncin s n he i ntrs. ntr ' S. t , e s s Ce u y Al n Co.6 F. 287( h Ci.2011 ( s snga a yi W i e sa a d . umium , 49 3d 4t r ) dicusi nd ppl ng ntr tnd r ) 4 A CC di y,addii tonalis r se by t Compl nt butnoti i t by t narowed s s ues ai d he ai , OF ngl mplcaed he r copeof teTRO r q s,i lde ( )t e e to Ca me esmi r lo e s prg t a d c re po ngs o h e ue t ncu : 1 he xtn f r us ' nea wn rhi ih s n o rs ndi c pe o a ye s me , 2)wh t rt 1 49de d i i Came e' c i o ttea bidig o Came ea f n a e nt( ehe he 8 e s n r us s han f il nd n n n r us nd i s ,()wh tpo to oft Tho sPr pet c nsiu e t V r 'n l 9, nd( wheh rt f o 3 a rin he ma o ry o ttt d he ç d'i 84 a 4) t e he ya r t i i i t 1849 i applcabl i t e ar no occupa sorr dent i t St Hous esrcton n he s i e f her e nt esi s n he one e. 4 Appl ngt ssa r t t c s a ba ,t Cour co ude t tPli if ha f l t yi hi t nda d o he a e t r he t ncl s ha antfs ve aied o e t bls t tt y a e en il t a TRO . s a i h ha he r tted o 1 D ISCU SSIO N 11. Asnoe Pli if lmie t rrque ta t he rngt a or re j ni Cameus td, antfs i td hei e s t he ai o n de noi ng r e fom da gi t St Ho eort s i t ts pleswae t i. Ast t smor lmie r ma ng he one us he prng ha up i tr o t o hi e i td r lef t Cour w ila s e o y f rpur e oft s o d rt tPl i if a e lke y t s e d e i , he t l s um nl o pos s hi r e ha a ntf s r i l o ucc e ont me isofa c am t tCa meus i note tte t dit b ordamag t hous ora he rt ny l i ha r es n ild o sur e he e ny s i on t pr pe t ndee e n Ca m e e a a e t a know l prng he o ry.I d, ve r us ppe r d o c edge a t he rng t ti t he a i ha t mus tker s t a eaonabl c r no t ca ea da e ae t o us ny maget t hous ort s i ( ealoDk . o he e he prng. Se s t No. 7,a 9(t edrli wild t t cor ilng l amag net rt Hous nort s i a . . f t mi ng e ihe he e he prng, nd . no urher ni a tviisa ei ne .'. ci te r mmi nt' ) l Nonehels , nunde t sa s i Pli if a eno e ildt ij tverle t e s eve r hi sumpton, antfs r t ntte o nunci eif pr ve i s h da a s be us t have no e n co e c os t de o t a i t t e ntng uc m ge ca e hey t ve m l e o m nsr tng ha Ca m e e' cure ori i ntoper to a e lkey t ca eha m t t St Hous o r us s r nt mm ne ai ns r i l o us r o he one e r s i Theonl e de bef et Cour ofCa m e e' i mi ope a i nsi t ti wilbe prng. y vi nce or he t r us s m nent r to s ha t l e age i ' e tdrli ' o d or drli 'Suchdrli us sat ee i h di t d ila ng d n ç s ilng' r d e ilng. t c ' ilng e hr -nc mneer rl nd dr li eq pm e t ti s a l rt n a wa e w e ld ilng rg. By is na ur ,t st pe ofd ilng ilng ui nt ha s m le ha t r l r li i t t e hi y r li doesnotc us a da get sr t esorundegr nds i .( . 7,Ex. De lof a e ny ma o tucur r ou prngs DktNo. 6, c. ClyColma at!4- ) Addii l t furts holst twilbedugont Thoma a e n, 8. tonaly,he o et e ha l he s Prpet aeonardgea notnea t s i (d.a !6. Addii ly,a t t s i o ry r i nd r he prng.1 t ) tonal s o he prng, Ca m e e' undi put pr c i i t e ntt tco e dr li s rke w a e i t d t r us s s ed a tce n he ve ha r ilng ti s t r s o s op s i ditl andd ileswhee.'1 ) Fi ly, c di t c e ' sae nt a t he rng, mme aey rl le r '(d. nal ac or ng o ounsls ttme s t he a i 5 t f pr pos d dr l st a e a oxi a e y 1 t 11 ya ds f om t St H ous ,51 an he our o e il ies r ppr m t l 00 o 0 r r he one e n a ea oft pr r y w he e Ca us a r nty ha undi put d m i ng r ght . Thus t y a e r he ope t r nne e ppa e l s s e ni i s , he r s fc e l r move fom t St neHo es ht tnet rt drli nort buidi ofr ds ufii nty e d r he o us uc ha ihe he ilng he l ng oa t ge i eq pm e f t drli s d dit b t St neHous l s tt undiput o t n ui nt or he ilng houl sur he o e. n hor, he s ed deca a i ofM r Colm a c e ry i c t t tt c edrli t ti t t plcei a lr ton . e n l a l ndia es ha he or ilng ha s o ake a s n e r m e y lm ie pr ed e a s d notr ul i a da ag t e t rt St H ous o xte l i t d oc ur nd houl es t n ny m e o ihe he one e r a s i bot bec us oft na ur a pr e ese oye i t s drli and be a eof ny prng, h a e he t e nd oc dur mpl d n e t ilng c us t l a i oft f urdrli s t .Thus Pl i if ha notd m onsr t d t tCa m e e s he oc ton he o ilng po s , antfs ve e ta e ha r us ' i ne ope a i i t f oft tdrli a elkeyt c us da mmi nt r tons n he onn es ilng r i l o a e maget t St Hous o o he one e r is s i t prng. Da mage i udi pos i ete pa si Ca m e edoe no own a e e e t t , ncl ng sbl r s s f r us s t n as m nt o he en ie y oft Thom a Pr pery s f c m a w e loc f om f t e bl s i orqua r ng on a tr t he s o t ur a e, y l cur r u ur a tng r yi ny pori n oft Thom a Pr ry,butCa m e eha fal sa e t ts h a vii so t to he s ope t r us s lty tt d ha uc di te n he Tho sPr ryaelkel t oc ur i e r onl ye r downt r d.( . 7, 6, c. ma ope t r i y o c ,f ve , y a s he oa DktNo. Ex. De l ofClyColma a !9.(t a t lquar ngorbl tngaci t i nota ii tdf a las a e n, t d Any cua ryi asi tviy s ntcpae or t e t f ye r .)) Att tpoi ,hopeflyt lga is sr s di t slws t(ndpatc al t our a s' . ha nt ' ul he e l sue aie n hi a ui a riulry he e e ofCa m e e' m i ng r gh s a t ext ntofa r t i tonsofis rght i t vi niy xt nt r us s ni i t nd he e ny esr c i t i s n he ci t oft St Hous ort t r 'a e e s i t 18 Dee wilha bee rs ve Buti he one e he t d' s xprsed n he 49 d) l ve n e ol d. ya n t m e ntm e, he c e drli occ rng ove t ne f w w e ksdoesnotpr s nts h a he a i t or ilng ur i r he xt e e e e uc lk l o do ûmmie t ik't teS o eHo s o tes rn s a t warn ij n tv r l f i ei o f t n n rs 'o h t n u e r h p ig o s o ra t nu cie ei . h i e l s n uppor ofis c e i n t tha m t t St H o e i lkel ori m i t Pl i if t t ont nto ha r o he one us s i y m nen , a ntf s r y heaviy on a Jt 27,2012 l t f om Car eus scounsel M r.Law s t M r.Thom as el l me eter r m e' , on, o , 5 Pl ntfses i a edt dit e atl t 1 ya ds Def ndant 'couns i ca e t t drli ai if tm t he sanc 00 o 00 r ; e s el ndi t d hat he ilng st wer a las 150yar f om t St Hous ies e t e t ds r he one e. 6 wh e icu e t esae n t a Came s d sterg t omi el so eo t eg h ma ih n ld s h ttme t h t r u e d h i h t n i tn n h ' o s ha me r Prpetj' n t a,sg ie t en tr o l so emii whc i c n u tdi a o e o ry 'a d h t d jv n h aue f i t n nng ih s o d ce n n p n g me qua r t ope ai t erg si l t mi ngeo ny' rghtt de toy a dit b t ry ype r ton, hos i ht ncude he ni mpa s i o sr nd sur he s fc t alw t c ura e o lo he ompanyt e rc t lme t .'( . 1 ComplatEx.G, t1) o xta t he i sone' DktNo. , . a . 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Be aus Pl i if ha notm a t s s i t y a e m ne r c e a ntf s ve de hi how ng, he r no e il t a TR O . t ntted o l . C O N CLU SI N V O Fort r as nss a e a he e o t t d bove t Cour D EN I Pl ntf s M oton f a Te por r , he t ES ai i f ' i or m ay Retani Or ra tkesunde ad s me Pli if'Motonf aPr i naylj ton. sr i ng de nd a r vie nt antfs i or elmi r nunci Shoul t pate wiht e ei a tona brei o t rques f prlmi r ij ton, d he ris s o ngag n ddii l ifng n he e t or ei nay nunci ort ho d a he rng on t s m e t y s d s a s t Co t o l ai he a , he houl o dvi e he ur . 7 TheCl koft Cour i die t d t s nd ac oft sm e andum opi on a er he ts rce o e opy hi mor ni nd a o pa ng or rt a lcou elofr c d. cc m nyi de o l ns e or ' ' y - pe r 2 ENTER:hs iZ&zda otse tmbe 201 Ti - . ' k' 1 t-J . -; r$ kk 'f; :7 ' ' . . - H o r bl J e C.Tur no a e am s k Se orUnie SttsDititJ t ni td ae src ucge 8