Johnson v. Clarke, No. 7:2012cv00410 - Document 5 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 09/28/2012. (kab)
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rdFRK' OFFI U. : CE ATRC S. %> COURT Dl ANOKE,k, $ F) FD ( I TH E UN I N TED STA TES DI RI T C O UR T ST C FO R TH E W ESTE RN DI STRI T O F V I G I I C R N A RO AN O K E D IVISIO N SFP JULI BK A c, t ? , 'cu i ssa DEP R AY M O N D D AR N ELL JO H N SO N , g clsax - CA SE N O .7: 2CV 0041 1 0 Pettone i i r, M EM O M ND U M O PI I N N O VS. H A R O LD C LAR K E , By: G l E .Conrad en Chi fU ni e St e D it i Judge e t d at s s r ct Res pondent . Ra ond D a ne lJ ym r l ohns a V i g ni i a e pr ee ng pr K ,fl d t spe ii f r a on, r i a nm t oc di o ie hi tton o . wrtofha sc pus purua t 28U. C.j2254.J o c le est Augus 1 i bea or , s nt o S. ohns n halng he t 995 j d me to teOr n eComt Cic tCo r u d rwhihh sa d c n itdo maiiu u g n f h a g t y rui u t n e c e tn s o v ce f l o s c woundi a f ony us ofa fr a m a s nt nc t 20 ye r i prs Upon r vi oft ng nd el e ie r nd e e ed o a s n ion. e ew he r c d, he co ts m arl di m i s st pe ii a untm el fl e or t ur um iy s s e he tton s i y ied. 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J on' pe ii a sa ec tr c dsonlnei c t t t Or nge Cot y Cic t ohns s tton nd tt our e or i ndi a e hat he a mt r ui Co r e trdj d me ta an tJ h s no Au u t 5 1 9 o n o ddn ta p a.I Jme u t n ee u g n g is o n o n g s 2 , 9 5.J h s n i o p e l n t 2008,J hns s it d a ha a pe ii t t Supr e C o tofVi gi a co pl ni a o on ubm te be s tton o he em ur r ni m ai ng bouta pa ol i s The Co tr f e J m s sha aspe ii on J y 1 2008. I A pr l201 r e s ue. ur e us d ol on' be tton ul 6, n i 2, J m s fl d a s c ha asc puspe ii t t Supr e Cour ofV igi a r s ng cl i s ol on ie e ond be or tton o he em t r ni , ai i am s m ia t t e he pr s nt i hi f de alpe ii The Supr m e Cour ofV i gi a di m i s d t i l r o hos ee sn s e r tton. e t r ni s s e he pe ii on J 22, 2 asuntm e y f l d. tton une 201 i l ie J onsgneda dae hi j2254peii o Augus 27, ohns i nd td s tton n t 2012.J onase t t t ohns srs ha ( peiine ' i a c rtont rt 1 ci naludgmen i Ael ki ppi ... a) tto rs nc r e ai mde he 995 rmi j t s t ony dna ng f b c us t ep p r t s o tej dca o d rsg e b tej d et e hsf lj d ca p wes e a e h a e s o h w h u iil r e in d y h u g md r i ul u iil o r t i re aea o ncac r t nyonei (ilnoti pl e, and( peii rwasde i dlofduepr s of s sc n ac ' ' b) ttone prvel oce s lw a equa pr tci ....'( t 56. Byor re e e Se embe 5,201 t c t a nd l oe ton ' Pe. - ) de ntr d pt r 2,he our notfe J ms t hi j2254peii a ardt bet i l fl unde j2244( () The iid ol on hat s tton ppe e o mtmey ied r d)1 . c tg a e J on a o runiyt c r dita oft sa e f t a our r ntd ohns n ppo t t o onta c ny he t t d acs boutJ ohns n' poso s t c onvi ton pr e ngs i sa e cour a t s i a o he a tonali or a i on t ci oc edi n t t t nd o ubm t ny t r ddii nf m ton he tmelnes is The c t es l notfe J i i s s ue. our expr sy iid ohns t tf iur t pr de s h i or ai n on ha al e o ovi uc nf m to woul rs ti s d e ul n ummaydimis lofhi peii unde j2244() 1.J onr po dt t r s sa s tton r d () ohns es nde o he or rby r s eri hi c ai st hi co i m e vi a eshi c tt i de ea s tng s l m hat s nfne nt ol t s ons iutonalr g s i ht . A fe r e oft undi put onlne r c ds a J t r evi w he s ed i e or nd ohns ' s bm i s ons lt c t on s u s i , he our c udest tJ on' peii mus bes oncl ha ohns s tton t ummaiydimis da untmel unde j2244( ( ) rl s s e s i y r d) 1. J ms n' conviton bec m etnalon Se embe 25,1 ol o s ci a i pt r 995, hel s da on whi h heco d ha t at y c ul ve lldanappe t t Cour ofAppeasofVigi a.Se VA. .CT. E 5 6() Bec us ie alo he t l r ni e SUP RUL A: a . a e J ohns s c c i bec m e tna bef r Apr l24,1 on' onvi ton a i l o e i 996,t da e on whi h AEDPA be m e he t c ca ef e tve, ha untlA prl24,1 f c i he d i i 997,t f l a tm e y f der lha aspe ii Se Her nde v. o ie i l e a be tton. e na z Cadwel 225F. 435,439(t Ci. ) J ondi notfl aj2254peii wihi t s r l, 2d 4h r 2000 . ohns d ie tton t n hi pe i J ms s2008 a 201 sa eha spe ii nsdi no t lt f de alflngpe i rod. ol on' nd 2 tt bea tto d t ol he e r ii rod e or on' unde j2244( ( , a ehefldt m a trt tpeidhade rd.Ther f e,Johns s r d)2) bec us ie he fe ha ro xpie j2254peii i uni l t rj2244( ( )A) tton s tmey mde d)1( . J ohns n f ist pr s ntany r as t thi f der lpe ii co d be c i r tm e y o al o e e e on ha s e a tton ul ons de ed i l unde t ot rs e tonsofj2244( Hedoe no desrbea sae-rat i r he he ubs ci *. s t ci ny tt ce ed mpedi nt me t tpr ve edhi f o flng atm ey pe ii doe notpr s nta cli bas o a ha e nt m r m ii i l tton, s e e ny am ed n cons iutonalrghtne l r cogni d by t U nie St t Supr m e Cour,and doe noti ntf tt i i wy e ze he t d a es e t s de iy any pa tc a f c ne s ar t hi c r tc a m st the c d notha di c r d e le ri ul r a t ce s y o s ur en l i ha oul ve s ove e ari r t ought e r ieofduedii nc Seej2244( ( )B)( .J hns alofist pr e hr he xe cs lge e. d)1( -D) o on s al o esnt a gr ny ound on whih he i e il d t equiabl t lng oft f r flng pe i Pa e v. c s ntte o t e oli he ede al ii rod. c Di lemo,544U. 408,41 a n.8( )(i ngt tt bee ildt equia et lng, Gucil S. 8, nd 2005 fndi ha o ntte o tbl oli 1 A f dea c r ma tk j ci noieo fcua i o mai l ae i posigso e r l ou t y a e udi al tc f a t lnf r ton oc t d n tn n gover nment w e iesi t Unied St t See l Re KarnaCanalBr al bst n he t a es. n ti eachesCons .Lii ,533 F. ol tg. -- Su 2d61 6 - & nn.1 1 ( D. . 08 (ole tngc s si caigt tfdeal ou t ma pp. 5, 3133 4- 5 E. La 20 ) c lci a e ndi tn ha e r c rs y tk udca n ieo g ve n nal bst s icudngc ur r c r ) W ila v. ,5 F. pp. a ej iil otc f o r me t we ie , n l i o t e o ds; lims Long 85 Su 2d6 68 - & n. ( M d. 008 ( ol ci c s si iai t a po tn o go r me twe ie 79, 6 88 4 D. 2 ) c l tng a e ndc tng h t sigs n ve n n bsts e a ei r n l a t n i ors l- uhe tc tng . r nhee ty uhe tc efa t niai ) a ot r s tm e ba r d pe ii rm us pr s nte e i lc r um s a s t tpr ve ed hi n he wi e i - r e ttone t e e xc ptona ic t nce ha e nt m fom flngontmea mus de nsrt t theha be ndul dii nt.J onaguest t r ii i nd t mo tae ha s e y lge ) ohns r ha hi j225 peii s dbeconsdeedtmey,be us her e l dicovee t tt was s 4 tton houl i r i l ca e ec nty s rd ha û he de i dofhi rg t d pr es of1 a i wr ul c ced.'( N. p.1) An prve s iht o ue oc s aw nd s ongf ly onvit ' ECF 4, . imaesp oK sausa in rn eo t 1w aen ts fce tgo n t j siye utb e n t' r tt nd g o a c f he a r o ufiin r u ds o u tf q ia l t lng,howeve .Unie Sttsv.Sos 36 F. 507 51 ( h Ci.2004) oli r td ae a, 4 3d , 2 4t r . Fort ras sae t c tfndst tJ ms sj2254peiin wasno tmeytld he e ons ttd,he our i ha ol on' tto t i l ie a t tJ hns f l t pr e a g ound o whi h hei e ild t e t bl t lng. nd ha o on ais o es nt ny r n c s ntte o quia e oli Theef e t c t s se J ms speii t j2244( ( )A) An a opraeo de r or,he our dimis s ol on' tton mder d)1( . ppr it r r w ile e t s da l nt r hi y. Pe ii ne i a s t the m ay a alt sde son,pur ua t Rul s 3 a 4 oft tto r s dvi ed ha ppe hi ci i s nt o e nd he F d rlRue o Ap elt Pr c d r ,faj d eo t Uni dS ae Co r o Ap e l frt e e ea ls f p l e o e u e i u g f he t tts u t f p as o h a e FourhCicui o t sc tis sac riiaeofa lbiiy,plrua t 28U. C.j2253/) t r t r hi our s ue e tfc t ppeaa lt zs nt o S. . A c r ik a e ofa e tt t ppea a lt m a i s onl i t a i nthasm a a s t nta s i of l biiy y s ue y f he pplca de ubs a i l how ng t de a ofac tt ina rg .j2253()1 . Theco tfndst tpeii rhasf ldt he nil onsiuto l iht c( ) ur i ha ttone aie o dem ons r t $a s t nta s i oft de alofa c tt i ta e 1 ubs a i l how ng he ni ons iutonalrght'a t r or ,t i ' nd he ef e he cour de i t is a ce tfc eofappe lbiiyptrua t Rul 22( oft Fe r Ruls t clnes o sue ny riiat aa lt zs nt o e b) he deal e ofAppelaePr dur eM il - v. kr l 537U. 322 ( lt oce e.Se lerEl Coc el, S. 2003) Slc v. cDa el ; a k M ni , 529U. 473( S. 2000) I peii ritndst appe la s e ac rii t ofa lbiiyfom . f ttone ne o a nd e k e tfcae ppeaa lt r t U nie St t s Cour ofA ppe s f t Fourh Cic t hi tr tsep i t f l a notc of he t d a e t al or he t r ui, s i s t s o ie ie a alw ih t s c t ihi 30 da oft da e ofe r oft sm e or ppe t hi our w t n ys he t nt y hi m andum opi on a t ni nd he a com pa ng or r orw ihi s h e e c nyi de , t n uc xt nded pe i ast c t a g a plr ua t Rul rod he our m y r nt z s nt o e 4()5) a( . 4 TheClr i die t d t s ndcopi oft sm e andum opi on a a compa ng ek s r ce o e es hi mor ni nd c nyi or rt pe ii r de o ttone . sxrsR:'us 5. :- a o s pe e, 201 r r 6 1 y f e tmb r 2. 1d 5zd . , J. 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