Hall v. Fleming et al, No. 7:2012cv00406 - Document 22 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 10/17/2012. (kab)
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G .v : OFFI t. . Dl > l E CE ): sm AIr ATROANOKE, VA FPFD L I TH E I N I N J TED STA TES D I STRI T CO UR T C FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OA N O K E DI I O N V SI ANTHONY HALL 02T 17 2 1 22 J ULI BY: UD FY,JLERK ( CASE NO. 7: 12CV 00406 CL K ER Pl ntf , ai if M EM O R AN DU M O PI O N NI V. L. FLEM I ZI AL. J. NG, , By: Jam es C .Turk Se or U ni e St t sD i t c Judge ni t d a e s ri t Dee f ndant . s Ant ny Hal, Vigi a i aepr ee ng pr r ,ll t sc vi rg sa ton purua ho l a r ni nm t oc di o ied hi i l iht c i s nt t 42U. C.j 1 algi t tt dee ntprs ofi asi i dae a t ae dhi o S. 983, le ng ha he fnda ion fcil ntmi td nd ke tne m a cal hi ar c al ofe i nn e punihe hi wih s gr t c i me ,a hous d nd led m a i ly f nsve m , s d m t e egaed onfne nt nd e hi i ac lwih amalunc i ngt lt i vi ai n ofhi c tt i lrg s Upon r viw m n el t f toni oie , n ol to s onsiutona i ht . e e o ter c r ,h c ur s mmai ds se tea to wih u p eudc un e 2 U. C. f h e o d t e o t u rl imis s h cin t o t rj ie d r 8 S. y j1 5 b ( )a d ne Halsmoin fritro uo yijmci erle a doh rp ndn 91 A( )1 nd e is l' to o n elc tr nt tv eif n te e i g m oi . tons Hal i an i a e a K e n M ount i Co r to Ce e . Hal s a est the hasbe l s nm t t e a n r ec i nal nt r l t t ha en c n ie i teVig naDe a t n o Co rcin (VDOC' fr25ye z a i eiil fr o fn d n h r i i p rme t f re to s & i 'o ) as nd s l b e o g dic e i r pa ol c i r ton. Hal' s bm isonsofe t f l ng s que eofe t s r tona y r e onsde a i ls u s i f r he olowi e nc ven s r l t d t hi cl i A . 1 ea e o s a n s On J 1 201 dur ng c une 9, 2, i ountpr e es H a lr a ne s t i hi ce lafe ofk e s oc dur , l em i d ea ed n s l t r t r r pe t dl or r hi t sa f c . Ofi r Sa tom a Ke n t n a pr c Hali e a e y de ed m o t nd or ount fce s ndsr nd e he p oa hed l n ama rt thei eprtdasçni dai lndlt e tni ' Theofi r t dHalC tr nne ha ntr ee t tmi tng a hrae ng.' i fces ol l,d t Yo 1 H al' f ualalega i a ls act l tons ppeari hi com pl ntand a t hed grevancesand i hi af i t n s ai tac i n s fdavi ( Nos 3& 9) ECF . . ba ka sgs g igt S e il u i Unt(S '. S n to g v Ke nap i o lc s i) on o p ca Ho sng i t HU' ' a dsr m a e e ar f ( )' ha ufs and Kee wr ppedt m a o hi ha asi hewoul us t m a awe pon a i t ndc f , n a he r und s nd f d e he s a gans Ha l J tt n,Lt Shr vea ve a t c la or r d Sgt Ra lf a ot rme be soft l. us he . e ni d t he el nd de e . tif nd he m r he Se urt Fo c Te m t r s r n H a la e c thi t t SHU ,w hi h t y di H a la s r s c iy r e n o e tai l nd s or m o he c he d. l s e t t tSa t om a K e n ve baly t ea e t hn hi a vi a e V D O C pr e e ha nds r nd e r l hr t ned o nn m nd ol t d oc dur s r a i wha a ton ofi e sc t kei r s et a i t sr f a t c egultng t ci fc r an a n e pons o n nma e' e us l o ompl wih c t y t oun pr ed e .Ha la s ale st tKee f brcae adic plna y c r t tHalha t r aene oc ur s l lo l ge ha n a i td s i i r ha ge ha l d h e t d t ha m Kee durng t J 19, 2 i i nt o r n i he une 201 ncde . O f i e Ra lf ,a a t r t he r ng ofi e , e i d a t di c plna y hea i on J y 3, f c r ti f s le na e a i fc r pr s de t he s i i r rng ul 201 on t c r t tH a lt ea e Kee Be a e Ra lf w a pa t t s c iy t nm t t 2, he ha ge ha l hr t ned n. c us tif s r of he e urt e ha e c tdHal t t SHU on on J 1 201 Hal cli st tRa lf coul notbe i rili s ore l o he une 9, 2, l am ha tif d mpa ta n ma ng d ii a ki ec sons boutt dicplna y c r e. Ofi erLowe t r a he rng ofi e , he s i i r ha g tc , he egulr a i fc r wihhel t si or ton a t d hi nf mai boutRa lf dli Ha lsa a ofhi dici i r c ci n.Ha l tif trng l' ppe l s s plna y onvi to l a s c m pli t tRa lfeco lo o a ns ha tif nduce t he rng mor t n t pr s rbed 1 da a trt t d he a i e ha he e c i 5 ys fe he i i nt nc de . Def nt Syke a Ta ora lgedl c uce a unf i GI 'he rng,a trwhih enda s s nd yl le y ond td n ar ûCA' a i fe c Halr m ane i s gr ato u bl t pa tcpa ei e a i c a s s voc tona tani or l e i d n e eg i n, na e o ri i t n duc ton l s e , ai l r i ng, ot raci test tm a a f thi c nc f dic e inm' pa ol On Augus 6, 2,ofi i l he tvii ha y fec s ha es or s r to y r e. t 201 tc as br htadicplnar c r e a i tHa lf diobe ng adiec or ,a trher us d t r tun oug s i i y ha g gans l or s yi r t der fe ef e o e t' t t g r lprs popul ton,be us he f a ed f rhi s f t o he ene a i on ai ca e e r o s a e y. H a lc pl i t tt t l ti hi SH U ce lpos d a hea t rs Spe ii aly,H a l l om a ns ha he oie n s l e lh ik. c fc l l al ge t thtm a f ce a urnefo ot i t 'c l ba ked up i o Hal' c lt lt le s ha l n e s nd i r m her nmaes els c nt ls el oie . 2 1 1 Thec ti r quied t dim isa a ton orcai fld by aprs ra ns a our s e r o s s ny c i l m ie i one gai t go nm e a e iy o ofi eri t cou tde er i t ac i n or c ai i f i ous m a i ous ver nt l ntt r fc f he r t m nes he to l m s rvol , lci , o fist saeacam o wh c rle ma b ga td.2 U.. j1 5 b)1.Tosaea r al o tt li n ih eif y e rn e 8 SC. 91 A( ( ) tt cai i a f rlcvi acin,hepl ntf' Sljcua alegainsmus bee l m n ny edea i l to t ai ifs tfa t l l to t nought r s a o aie rg t r le a iht o e if bove t s ultvelvel't onet ti C a i e o isf c 'r t rt n he pec ai e ,'o ha s E usbl n t a e,' ahe ha pl meeytc ei bl ' BelAt. p.v.Twombl 55 U. 5 570( rl sonc va e. l lCor ' y, 0 S. 44, 2007) ç cli ha . $ am s A f c a pl us biiy w he t pl i ifpl dsf t lc nt ntt talow st co tt dr w t a i l a i lt n he a ntf ea ac ua o e ha l he ur o a he r s bl i e e t tt de e nti la ef rt mic ea ona e nfr nce ha he f nda s ibl o he s onduc a l ed.' hc of v.I l t leg 'As r i qba, 1 9 S Ct 1 3 ,1 4 ( 0 9 (iigTwo l 5 0U. a 5 6 .T rf r ,no d rf racam 2 . . 9 7 9 9 2 0 ) ctn mby, 5 S. t 5 ) heeo e i r e o li o c mplit os r iedimis l o fit et saeacam,hepanifmu tsle e )fcs r o an t u vv s sa f r alr o tt li t litf s t lg l a t z a I s s f ce tt saea1heee nso ( so ) rcamg . .' B assv.E..DupontdeN em our u t in o tt 1 t lme t f hi r he li q . . i ' & Co.3 4F.d7 , 6 ( t Ci. 0 3 (ii oh rc s s. , 2 3 61 7 5 4h r 2 0 ) ct te a e) ng Be a e Hali pr e ng p oK , hec t tlbe aly c tuehi c c us l s oc edi r t our mus i r l onsr s ompli t ant o alow t de opme ofapo e i lym e io i cli , fa i pr e . Ercks v. r , l he vel nt t ntal rt rous am i ny s es nt i on Pa dus 5 1U. 8 9 ( 0 7 ; ie v Ke n r 4 4 U.. 9 5 0( 9 2 (i igta c u t t o d 5 S. 9, 4 2 0 ) Han s . r e, 0 S 51 , 2 1 7 ) fndn h t o r mus h l pl di fl by a pr K ltg t'o ls srngen sa r t n f ma pla ngsdr fe by ea ngs ied o ii an ' e s ti t t nda ds ha or l e di t a td lwy r) Ont eohe h n t c u t a in r ace rfiu ei t ep e digt alg f cs a e s. h t r a d,he o r c n g o e la alr n h la n o le e a t whi h s tf t a c ni a e c a m . W e l rv.De r m e ofSoci lSe vs,901 F. 387,391 c e orh og z bl l i le pa t nt a r . 2d ( t Ci. 9 0 .ûA)p an ifso iaint p o ietegomdso h se tte n t r l f 4h r 1 9 ) t litf bl to o r vd h r t ( g f i n ilme to ei e r quiesmor t n l l and c l i ,a af mul cr iai n oft elm e sofac us e r e ha abe s oncusons nd or ai ect to he e nt a e ofa to wilnotd ' Twombl 550U. a 55 Tosaeac eofa tonunde 51 3,a cin l o. ' v, S. t 5. tt aus ci r 98 pl i ifm us e t bls t the ha bee de i d ofr g sgua a e by t Co tt i o l w s a ntf t s a i h ha s n prve i ht r nt ed he ns iuton r a oft Unie St t a t tt sd prvai n r ule fo c he t d aes nd ha hi e i to es t d r m onduc c t omm it d by ape s a tng te r on c i unde c orofsaelw.W es v. ki , 7U. 42( 988 .M a ofHalscamsfi t r ol tt a t At ns 48 S. 1 ) ny l' li alo s r iesr e i u e j1 5 b ()b c u eh sae n f csi s pp r. u vv ce nng nd r 91 A() 1 e a s e tts o a t n u o t A . Exc s ve Forc ,V e balThr t ,and R ac alSl s es i e r ea s i ur Hals sSa tom a Ke n f vi l tnghi c tt i lrg sunde t Ei t l ue ndsr nd e or o ai s onsiutona i ht r he gh h Ame e t a d unde t Due Pr s a EqualPr e ton Clus oft Foure nt ndm n 2 n r he oce s nd ot ci a es he te h ngag i ç a s pr i i . . . w ih l ngua ' a d ed n t cim otlng r Ame ndm e . H a la s r st tSa t om e nt3 l s e t ha nds r t a ge ' n t tSa t om a K ee a oa he H a li t n i i i tng t ea eni m a r' ( a i i l ha nds r nd n ppr c d l n d ntm da i hr t ng nne ,' t lc ous y a m a sditc lyf t veypur et ca eham t ( l'jwelbeng.' ( No.1 1 p.6nd a sial or he r pos o us r o Hals l i ' ECF -, 7. Thec ttndsnoc tt i lvi ai hee. ) our i onsiutona olton r çol l temme e s r a dwa tn ifito o p i'rs st telv l fa ç ny h l c say n n o n l in f an' ie o h e e o c c n t uin l ilto .W hte v. b r, 7 U.. 2 3 9( 9 6 , b o ae o oh r o si to a vo ai n t ilv Ale s 4 5 S 31 , 1 1 8 ) a r g td n t e g o n sb W i i v. d v, r u d y l ns Ga d k U. S. , 3 S. .1 7 ( 01 ) Topr v a e c si 1 0 Ct 1 5 2 0 . o e n x e sve f c ca m,pl ntf m us s or e li ai if t how t tt f c t ofi e a id wa l rvi l' W iki ,1 ha he or e he fc r pple st nonti a . ' l ns 30 S Ct a 1 79 t i maewh c mpliso ag rl(u ho s o e t a c ussn ds e b e . . t 1 . E n t o o an f mee p s r h v ' h t a e o ic mil An ij r amos c rany fist saeav lde c s i f recam. l 1 0 S. . t1 7 nu y l t e til al o tt ai x e sve oc li ' d. 3 Cta 1 8 ' (ntr lquottonsomitd) Si lry, r wo dsaone,howe rvi e o ofensve,donot i ena ai te . mial mee r l ve olnt r f i a o t a as a tors a e a c tt i naly s gnii a c a m . W is n v.M c ele , F. m unt o n s ul t t ons iuto l i t c nt l i lo K l r 254 Ap x 9 0 96 ( t Ci. 0 7 (ee tn imaescam rg r i g r su eo r ca st p' 6 , 1 4h r 2 0 ) rj ci g n t' li e adng uad' s f a il l m be us ç r t e t o vebala e wihoutmor donotsaeac za ecam unde j ca e t e hras r r bus , t me e, tt ogni bl li r 2 :Exces ve bai s lnotber r , norexcessve fnesi ç si l hal equied i i mpos norcr and unus ed, uel ual punihment i lct ' U . Cons .amend.VIl s s nfi ed.' S. t I. 3 i o st e s l. . . deprve a per on oflf >lbery,orpr t wihoutdue pr sof ç x at hal i ny s ie i t opery, t oces lw (r de t a pes nwihi is urs ito t ee al r tc i o telws' U. Con t a n a o ) ny o ny r o t n t j idcin h qu p o e ton f h a . S. s. me d. ' XI j 1 V . 4 1 8 ' ( ingNo t n nv. a k o 97 F.d 1 1 ,1 2 ( 0hCi.1 9 ) Coln v. n v 9 3) ct i rhido J c s n, 3 2 5 8 5 4 1 t r 9 2 ; lis Cu d , 6 F. 825,827( t Ci.1 ) s as Ca trv. ori,1 F. 215, 9n.3( hCi. 03 2d 10h r 979 ; ee lo re M rs 64 3d 21 4t r 1 9 )(idngt a, t o t r, f e s alg du eo Ea ile ih t't wadpan ifdd 9 9 fn i h twih u mo e o fc r ' le e s f i ca pt es'o r litf i r notû y is l rs t t l lofac tt i lvi ain') Keve v.Ciy ofAl nv,59 F. i tef ie o he eve b onsiutona olto '; s t ba 4 S p .1 4 ,1 5 - 6 ( D. Y. 98 )(I h u eo vl a da usveln ua e( ldn u p 1 7 1 5 5 N. N. 1 4 (T)e s f ie n b i a g g i u ig ( nc rca e i es, omatrh w a horn o r p e e sbe c n o f r t eb ssf raj1 3 a il pt tj n te o b re t r e rh n il, a n t o m h a i o h 98 cam'ors li ' uppor cl m ofr edic i nai .No doest c tt i ( oe ta i tal t ai ac srmi ton) r he onsiuton t tc gans l pr i r insonone' pe eofmi ' Pitlvv.W aih,927F. 3,7 ( tCi.1 ) A guad' ntuso s ac nd. tse ' rs 2d 1s r 991. rs ve ba ha a s e ori et e t t m4i ae, ve i t y ca ea i a ef arore i l r l r s m nt dl hr a s o nm t e n f he us n nm t e motona a ey,do no c tt ea i son ofa i ntfe lbe t i e es.I Coursha f nxit t onsiut n nva i ny de ii d i ry nt r t d. t ve ound, ho ve ,t taprs ofk i ' ver lt e t ofha m t r a i t ,t t rwih a to we r ha ion t als ba hr as r owa d n nma e ogehe t ci ns r as bl pe c i a se t r c e ona y r eved s tps owa d anyi ou t pr e ha wih no l tmaenee f ng t he opos d nn, t egii t d or ofk ilaci t r sor o de ,ma c tmt t wa t i lci ofps t a ton o e t e r r y onsi e he n on nfi ton ychol ca pai s ast ogi l n o o vi aet i t sc tt i rght.Se .e. s rhi t 973F. a 1 24( ii olt he nmae' onsiutonal i s e c.No t nzon, 2d t 5 ctng Hud o v M c l a , 0 U. 1 1 ( 9 2 (Blc mu J, o c ni g ( oi icd n o s n . mil n 5 3 S. , 6 1 9 ) t a k n, .c n u n ) n t n ie t f i ng t u r pa i ar v le i a imaesmo t a dtrae i t blw (h )p io e' h a ç ad lcng e ov r n n n t ' uh n h e tnng o o t e rs n rs e d g of ' s a unne s a y a w a o i lc i ofps hol i a pa n i vi a i n ofEi h fa n ce s r nd nt n nfi ton yc og c l i n ol to ght Ame nt (mitngciato ) ndme ) o ti t ins. Appl ngt s prncpl s t c tc nnotfnd t tHa lsalegai sae a y vi bl yi he e i i e , he our n i ha l' l tons t t n a e c tt i lcl m ag ns Ke n orSa tom bas d on t i al gedus ofar cilsura onsiutona ai ai t e ndsr e he r le e a a l nd t e tni wo dsa ge t es Alhough Halpe c i d t ofi r wor abo hi goi t hr ae ng r nd sur . t l r eve he fce s' ds ut s ng o t SHU a t e t ni a r ci ly i uli Ha lsadm it d f iur t s a f co m ta t r he s hr a e ng nd a a l ns tng, l ' te a l e o t nd or t fe bei or r d t do s ga t ofke sal gii t r a o t r s ng de e o o ve he t r e tma e e s n o e pond i s ef s on t r sor n om a hi o e t e o de .4 Ha1 doesnotal gef t a r r 1 le acs boutany a t lphysca c t c ofi r mad f rt s e cua i l on a t fce s e o he ol pur e ofha m i H a lon J 1 201 M or ove ,H a lm e e y l bel t ofi e s w o dsa pos r ng l une 9, 2. e r l r l a s he fc r ' r s ' hr a e ng,'b doe nots a e t e tha m t ofk e sa l gedl t ea ene t i lc on t e t ni ' ut s t t t he xac r he t r le y hr t d o nfi t hi .Thus Hal as doe notsa ef c ss m , l lo s tt a t howi t ta i t c d r as bl ha ng ha n nma e oul e ona y ve pe c i t ofi r 'gesur wih t cufsasase t r ca r ng outt tt e t ne hn m. r eved he fce s t e t he f tp owa d ryi ha hr a e d r Fi ly,whieHa la l est tt ofk e s wor a aci nsi c bi ton c us d hi gr a na l l l leg ha he f r ' ds nd to n om na i a e m e t mu it hedoesnotsa ef c sdemonsr tngt tt e en ofhi f a sofbodiy ha m fom t ey, tt a t ta i ha he xt t s er l r r he ofi r we er a ona y c fce s r e s bl onne t d t t ofke s a t lco c e o he t r ' c ua nductort tt me a hn m Hal ha he nt l r l a lge y s f r wass s ve et thes ug pr es i lte t ntofa ki Bas on le dl ufe ed o e r ha o ht of sona r a me ny nd. ed Halsc us r de c i i oft e nt i quesi n,hec tcn l' oncl o y s rpton he ve s n to t our nnotfnd t tHal hassa e i ha l ttd acli unde Twombl a Huds t tt ofi r wa o y i lced ps am r y nd on ha he fce s nt nl nfi t ychol c lpai o ogi a n n hi w ih t i w or a m o e s s a t vi a e hi c tt i na rght . The e or t m t he r ds nd vem nt o s o ol t s ons iuto l i s r f e, he c u t u rl d s s e wih u p eu ieHalscamsa an tS n sr m a dKe ns o r s mmai imis s t o t rj dc l' 1i g is a d to n e , y p rua tt j1 5 b ( ) f rfiu et saeacam. u s n o 91 A( )1, o alr o tt li 4 The of i s'alege f l e t f l VDOC pr fcer l d aiur o olow ocedur f addr sng i at es or es i nm es' noncom plancewih c i t ountpr ocedur sa es atmos,a vi aton ofsa e l . Such vi a i ar not es tt , t ol i t t aw oltons e ide e de tya ton bl un rj 1 3.W elrv. p' ofSo ilSe vc s 9 F.d 38 ,3 2 (t Ci. n p n nl ci a e de 98 le De t ca r ie , 01 2 7 9 4 h r 1 0) Moe ve,hec r d ci st e ecs s plme aj rs cinov ra ysc saelw cams 99 . ro rt out e lne o x rie up e ntluidito e n u h tt a li a dimisste wihou peudc , ru nto2 U. C.j1 7c. nd s se h m t t rj ie pusa t 8 S. 36 () 5 Ha1 as erst each oft ot de endant alo vi at hi rght undert Ei h 1 s t hat he her f s s ol ed s i s he ght Am endmentand hi due pr sand equalpr e i rght unde t Foureent Am endment Hal does s oces ot cton i s r he t h . l not how e ,alege f t s , ver l acs howi how any oft ot ofi shad any per onali vementi Keen ng he her fcer s nvol n and Sandsr ' ve balorphysialactonson June 19,201 orany opporuniy t pr vents ac i tom s r c i 2, t t o e uch tons. W es,s a.Accor ngl t cour summ arl dim is a1 Hal' cons iutonalcl msarsng diec l t upr di y, he t iy s s es l ls tt i ai ii r ty f om t ti dent r ha nci . B. D i plnary Proceedi sci i ngs Halm a s ve a c l kes e r l ompl i sa ant boutdici i r pr e ngson t c r Ke n wr e s plna y oc edi he ha ge e ot agans hi f rt e t ni bodiy ha m o J 1 201 Hal c pl nst tKee f le y i t m o hr a e ng l r n une 9, 2. l om ai ha n asl cha ge hi wih t ofe e; ha Ra lfe wasi o l a sg d ashea i ofi r ba e on r d m t he f ns t t tif mpr pery s ine rng fce , s d hi i vol me i es ori Ha l o s gr a i on J 1 201 a t tLowe, t r gulr s n ve nt n c tng l t e eg ton une 9, 2; nd ha as he e a he i ofi e ,f ie t m a t sc lc c e rdurng Halsa arng fc r al d o ke hi onfi t l a i l' ppea . Ha lalo c l l s ompl nst t ai ha no one w a c d t s v la e c m er f t e oft i i nt t he he ur eil nc n a oo ag he nc de . Halhasnoaci bl j 1 cai a i tDee n Ke nf brngi af s l tona e 983 l m gans fnda t e or i ng ale dic plna yc r l aesha t ge alc tt tonalrghtt befe fo bengf s l s i i r ha ge. nm t ve l no ner onsiu i i o r e r m i aley a c s di amib ha irr p r. Bod i v S h e e,1 5F.d 8 7 8 2 ( dCi.1 9 )(ing c u e n s e vo e o t' d e . c nid r 0 3 5 , 6 2 r 9 7 ct ' i Fr e nv. de ,808F. 949,951( Ci.1 :;seas Gilv.Ri c 2005W L e ma Ri out 2d 2d r 986 e lo l ddik, 7557 at* ( D. Y.Mar31 2005 .Forra onsex ane beow,Halas ha noot r 45, 7 N. N. . , ) es pli d l l lo s he j 1 cam rl edt t dicplna ypr ee ngs 983 li eat o he si i r oc di . W hiec ce prs r r lnq s m a rg supon bei i r e aed, hedue l onvi td ione s ei uih ny i ht ng nca c r t t pr e sclus m a t ss ve a pr e a s e ua dsbe or a i ae ma bepunihe wih oc s a e nda e e r l oc dur l af g r f e n nm t y s d t t l s ofe r d good c he os a ne onduc tm e orpl ce e i s imy c i m e f vi a i pr s ti a m nt n olt onf ne nt or ol tng ion dicplnmy r es n si i ul ; mong t s r quie pr e a pr e to a eaf i a i pa ta he e e r d oc dur l ot ci ns r ar nd m ril de ii nm a ra s ee de et s c so ke nd om vi nc o uppor aguit fndi W olfv. c t ly i ng. f M Donne l 41 U. l, 8 S. 5 9 5 ( 9 4 , b og t di p r byS n i v. l r 51 U. 4 2( 9 ) S p rne d n v. 3 , 71 1 7 ) a r ae n a t a dn Come, 5 S. 7 1 95 ; u e itn e t Hil472U. 445, ( 985 .Toti rt W olfprtci , anifmus algef t l, S. 456 1 ) rgge he f oe tons plitf t le acs s si t hi dici i r pe ly()plc dhi u rc tons i a nitai ugge tng hat s s plnay nat a a e m nde ondii ,n dmi srtve s gr a i ors ia y confne e , ha c tt t d a E t ca a s g fca tha ds p on t e eg ton olt r i m nt t t ons iu e n s ypi l nd i nii n r hi a he g m)i rl i t t or nayi de sofprs lf 'Sa n,51 U. a 484,or( hi n eaton o he di r nci nt ion ie, ndi 5 S. t ' b) (n vtby afce ted rto o h ssn e c . d a 4 7.GAqsaesfiu et a i eb is C e i l fe td h u ain f i e tn e' . t 8 t tt ' alr o b d y t i a 'I I o l w ast pr dur pr eci i nota f r lduepr s is ' Br v. wn a o oce al ot tons s ede a oce s s ue. own Angeone ' l , 9 8F. u p. 40 3 ( . Va 1 9 )( ingRicov. t o Fara , .9 7F.d 1 5 , 3 S p 3 , 44 W D. . 9 6 ct i c i Cny. f ifx Va, 0 2 4 9 1 ( hCi.1 469 4t r 990:. Half ist a lge f t s si t thewa e ild t t W olfpr eci nsa hi l al o le ac s ugge tng ha s ntte o he f ot to t s d s plna y he ng. H e doe notale t thi pe t i ude pl e e i c i m e i ci i r mi s l ge ha s naly ncl d ac m nt n onfne nt co ii nsposng a Iaypi la sg fca tha ds p's a t c e t a lbe t i e es i nd to i ny Gt ca nd i nii n r hi ' o s o r a e i ry nt r t n a di t m .6 H a1 a s doesnotale t the l ta e r d good c voi ng he 1 lo lge ha os ny a ne onduc tm eor ti de ons r t t tt di ci i r pe t i ne t bl 'a f c e hi c nc t pe s de t pa ol m t a e ha he s plna y naly t via y' f e t d s ha es o r ua he r e i boa d t thei a o it f dic e i r pa ol.1 AsHalt f ist de r ha s ppr pra e or s r tona y r e l hus al o monsr t t the ta e ha ha apr ec e lbe t i e es a sa ,hi c d ot t d i ry nt r t t tke s ompl n sa ait boutt dicplna y pr e ngsdo no he s i i r oce di t 6 Theon1 m enton Hal m akesofcondii i se egai i t t mpor r pr em wih hi y i l tons n gr ton s he e a y obl t s t l ,whih ca oiet c nnotqualf asan çaypialand sgnii har hi ' partculry when healegesno iy dt c i fcant ds p,' i a l l r uli ha m . I addii Hal' f l et ale t thehassufer ori lkel t s f ,a physcal es tng r n ton, ls aiur o lge ha f ed, s i y o ufer ny i har asa r toft t ltpr emsf ecl eshi fom pr entng a ac i m esul he oie obl or os m r es i n tonabl Ei h Am endment e ght cam a ou t t lt aha a do lvngc ndton.Se S k v.S t,71F.d 1 2,1 ( h Ci. li b t he oie as z r us ii o ii e ha ka mih 3 6 66 4t r 1 95 (idigt timaecli n cu a d u s l ionc ndii mus d o uc e de eofa 9 ) fn n ha n t amig r el n nu ua prs o tons t t d e vi nc pr sro so sg iia t h sc l r moin lnuyrs ln fo tec aln e c n iin , o eiu r infcn p y ia o e t a ijr eut g rm h h l g d o dt s' r o i e o ' Gdemonsr t a s t l rsk ofs h s i ha m r uli fom t pri r' unwilng expos e t ç t ae ubsantal i uc erous r es tng r he sone s li ur o t c a lng dc diins'.I a diin, l f ist a lg ta a y o t n me d f n nskn w he h le e on to ' n d to Hal al o le e h t n f he a d e e da t e ) about oraced w ih delber ei f e encet t pr e swih hi t l ,a s doesnotsat any , t t i at ndif r o he oblm t s oiet nd o te j 1 83cam a an tt m r g r n t sc ndton. 9 li g is he e a dig hi o ii 1 Hal com pl nst ts ega ed confnementdeprved hi oft c e t wor orate l ai ha egr t i i m he hanc o k tnd ca s s Hed sn t ho ve,d mo tae( orc ul h )t tlc oft s p i lge h da d tntve lse . oe o , we r e nsrt n o d e ha a k he e rvi s a ny ei ii e efecton hi par e opporunii s ast ti viabl 'l hen hi t alt m ofconfnem e i prs f s ol t tes o o çne t y' engt s ot er i nt n ion a c e t apr tce l ry it rs. S e i .S ndn 51 U. a 4 (Thede iin t r la ea nd r ae oe td i t n ee t e . . a i, 5 S. t 87 $ be e. cso o ee s prs ionerr t on amyrad ofconsi a i . And,t prs ess i der tons he ioneri afor pr s f ded ocedur pr ec i athi al ot ton s par e hearng i or t expl n t cicum sancesbehi hi m iconduc r cor ..Thecha t ta ol i n der o ai he r t nd s s t e d. nce ha fndi ofmiconduc wilalert bal i ng s t l t he ance i smpl t atenuat t i s i y oo t ed o nvoke t pr he ocedur guar e al ant es oft eDuePr e sClus .) M o e ve,i Halsc s , srf s t ds e o d r t rj i t ge rl h oc s a e' . r o r n l' a e hi e u alo iob y r e s o eon he nea ' populton,a notany dici i y ac i by t def a i nd s plnar ton he endant ,hmscaus hi contnued confnementi s ed s i i n s egaton. egr i pr s ntf de alduepr s cai s a t c ur s ee e r oce s l m , nd he o t umm a iy dim is st m under rl s s e he j 1 5 b)1. 91 A( () Fu temo e tec u t e ln st e ecs s p lme tlu id cino e a y cams rh r r ,h o r d ci e o x rie u pe na j rs ito v r n li Ha lma ha t tde e nt vi aed sa el w orprs pr e esby f lngt viw t l y ve ha f nda s olt tt a ion oc dur aii o e he vi o e de ,t i iton ahe rng ofi ert aly uni ve i wih Ha lsc l ta f ron de vi nce o nss ai tc ot l nvol d n t l' e l r ns e Jme1 201 ort rcogni t ealege dee t ona l Se 28U. C.j 1 c.The t 9, 2, o e ze hes l d fcs ppea. e S. 367() c u t imis swi u p eu ieal f l' d ep o e scamsr ltdt t ed si iay o r ds se t t rj dc l o Hals u r c s li eae o h icpl r ho n c get tHalve bal t e t nedt hn m Ke n,i l ng t eagans Ke n, har ha l r ly hr a e o r e ncudi hos i t e Lowe a , nd Ra lf e. tif C. No Pe onalI vem e rs nvol nt Ha lf ist sa es fcintf csi s ppor ofhi r m ani cai s c l a l o t t ufi e a t n u t s e i ng l m , once ni ea h r ng c de e ntspe s la tonsi vi a i ofhi rg s Ha lal ge me ey t tea h def nt f nda ' r ona c i n olton s iht . l le s r l ha c enda vi a e hi c tt i lrg si uns cfe wa a t t W a de Fl nga M r Cox olt d s onsim ona iht n pe ii d ys nd ha : r n emi nd . t sle o ba e' n pe ii ik r o l; . f ie t ot ker s na e mea tr st a t 'a uns cted,known rs ofha m t Ha 1FM r a l d t a ea o bl Sykes asSHU uni m a , t nage ,a M r .Ta or a pr n sma er f ie t gi Ha la r nd s yl , s ogrm nag , a ld o ve l n i ri I hea i a di notû e po r s bl t s e r pl i ifsc tt i l mpa tal CA rng nd d t s nd ea ona y o af gua d antf onsiutona r r ghf' a t tM r Fule ,a B - l ng m ana r f ie t t ec iy t r s ofha m ' t H a l i ; nd ha . l r s Buidi ge , a l d o t tf he i k r r ' o l. Halcn no buidana tona ej1 3cam ons hmeeconcusonsnotbaedi fcs l n t l ci bl 98 li uc r li s n a t. 8 Ha1 doesnots a ef t s 1 t t ac s howi any oft e def ng hes endant kne bef eJ 19, 2012, ofa s w or une s fcrs t tSandsr and Keen woul t t a i t talegedl taum atzed Hal.Ther f e, pecii ik ha tom d ake he ctons ha l yr i l e or t c tdoe notaddr sHal' cl m asone alegi a f l et pr ecthi fom har by pr ventng he our s es ls ai l ng ny aiur o ot m r m e i Sa sr m ' a Ke n' a to i t frtplc .Se Pr sl v. to 81 F. 97 ( t Ci.1 7 nd to s nd e s cins n he is a e e e sv Hu t, 6 2d 7 4h r 98 ) (i ngp iong r viltsEiht Ame me whe h i d lbeaeyi fee tt as e i k wn fndi rs ua d oae g h nd nt n e s ei r tl ndif rn o p ct no k rs ofh r t as cfcimae . S eas Fa rv. e n n,51 U. 8 ,8 ( 99 (i ngt a t ik a m o pe ii n t) e lo nne Br n a 1 S. 25 37 1 4) fndi h t o po ed l eaeidfee c , lit f s s o ta : pio ofca atdo fi dt at ept hs r v ei rt n i rn e yani mut h w h tû rsn fiil ce r al o c d si i b f f a e e k wld 'ofç ne e svers t imaehe lho sf t' . no e ge' G xc si lk o n t at r aeyh a ) Twombl 550 U. at555.The e or t c tmus s y, S. r f e,he our t umma iy dimi sHalscli sagans rl s s l' am i t te ed fn nswi o tp eu c u d rj1 5 b ( )f rfiu et saeacam. h s ee da t t u rj die n e 91 A()1 o alr o tt li h D . A dm i s ratve Segregat on and Trans er ni t i i f The c ti a s s ts d t te n i H a ln e d hi c pl i t pr de f c ual our s l o a i fe ha ve f l m nde s om a nt o ovi a t deaisa t l boutea h def nt 'aci nsori to r lt d t Ha lss r t d c i m e a c enda s to naci ns ea e o l' eg ega e onfne nt t Kee M ount n,hi st to doe no pr s ta c tt tonaly sgnii an c am s W hena n ai s iuai n s t e en ny onsiu i l i tc t l i . de e nti l wf l co c e a c i d t prs hel e asgnii a i e e ti hi f nda s a uly nvit d nd onfne o ion, os s i fc nt nt r s n s lbe t f t pei oft sntnc Ga t v. vl ,946F. 340,343( hCi.1 91 . i ry or he rod he e e e. son Ta or 2d 4t r 9 ) l a esha no pr t c e lbe t i e es i be ng hous d i a pa tc a pr s ori a pr s nm t ve o e t d i r y nt r t n i e n ny r i ul r i on n i on orhousnguniwihl srsrci c to .M e c v. no, U. 21 224- (976) i t t es e titve ondiins a hum Fa 427 S. 5, 25 1 (i'ec n it nh ss fiin l e tn us dted f n a tsl e t itr s t e o rte t h o vci a u fce ty x ig ihe h ee d n ' i ry n ee t o mp we h f o b Stt t co i hi i a ofisprs ns' ae o nfne m n ny t io . ). To sa eacli t theha a p o e t d lbe t i e e tr quii f de alpr ed al tt am ha s r t c e i ry ntr s e rng e r oc ur pr e tonsbe or pl e e i a i s r tve s g ega i a i a e m us fr tm ee t ot c i f e ac m nt n dm nit a i e r ton, n nm t t is t he taypi la s g fc thr ds p' sa r t rSa n,51 U. a 484. t i edoesno it ca nd i niian hi ' t nda d mde ndi 5 S. t t nmat An t ha ac tt i rg t be plc i as c fcs c iycl st ai orf c lt a ve onsiutonal i ht o a ed n pe ii e urt as ik ton a iiy, nd c td a ca sfc to d n tce t amao dsu to i ap io e ' e vio me t'W iims uso il lsiiains o o rae j r ir p in n rs n rs n r n n . l n ' l v. o n o No 7 1 -v- 0 7 , 0 0W L 3 9 7 0 a * ( . Va 2 0 (iigS ndn 51 J h s n, . :0 c 0 3 7 2 1 3 5 0 , t 2 W D. . 01 ) ctn a i, 5 U. a 486- . S. t 87) Assa e Half l t s t theha apr t c e lbe t i er tr a e t hi t t d, l ais o how ha s o e t d i ry nt es elt d o s s gr ga e confne e s a usa Kee M ount n. H a lf ist pr s nta f ct c e ni t e e e td i m nt t t t n ai l a l o e e ny a s onc r ng h c tons ofhi co i m e , o of e a r s c i whi h t e c ondii s nfne nt t f r ny e pe t n c hos ondii nspr e a unus to es nt n ual ditculy ordi fi t scom f w hen com par t ot VD OC confnem entcat i ort ort ed o her i egores, o 10 de o ta et t i t y a f ctt lngt ofhi c i ment Ha la s sa esno m nsr t hat hey neviabl fe he e h s onfne . l lo tt c tt i lcai agans a oft de e nt f rf lng t ta f rhi t anot r onsiutona l m i t ny he f nda s o aii o r ns e m o he i tt to asheha no c tt i rgh t behous d i a pariulrf iiy orwih a nsiu i n, s onsiutonal i t o e n ny tc a aclt t ny 427 c r a n s tofprviege . M e c e ti e i l s 9 a hum , U .S.215, 224- The c ur m us s m a iy dim i s 25. o t t um r l s s Hal' j 1 duepr es cams r a di hi s r tonsausa Ke Mounti a hi ls 983 oc s li ,eg r ng s egegai tt t en an nd s d sr frata se ,md rj1 5 b)1 frfiu et saeacam. e ie o r n fr t e 91 A( () o alr o tt li M or ove ,H a ls c pl i t t tpr s ofi i l ha f ie t f l s a e cl s ik a i n e r l ' om a n s ha i on tc a s ve a l d o olow t t a st to ort a f rpr dur , ort grevmw e pr edu e ,0do notpr en a f de aldue pr es r ns e oce es he i es t ny e r oc s oc r s 1 is a tona eunde j 1 sue ci bl r 983.SeeRici 907F. a 1 9.Thec t ci st e r ie c o, 2d t 46 our de lne o xe cs s p lme tl u idcin o ra ys hcamsu d rsaelw, n ds se te wi o t u pe na j rs ito ve n uc li n e tt a a d imis s h m t u h p eu c u d rj 1 6 () rj die n e 3 7c . E. ToietM al l funct ons i Hal f l t alegef t sa i a a tona eEi t Ame e cl m c e ni t l ais o l acs t tng n c i bl gh h ndm nt ai onc r ng he ale pr e wih t t l i hi cel ca eHaldoe no a l e f dss gesi t the, lged obl ms t he oiet n s l.Be us l s t leg a ug tng ha p ro al, ss fe e , ri lk l t s fe , n sro so sg fc n ij r fo t i e s n ly ha u f rd o s iey o u fr a y eiu r iniia t nu y r m hs 9 For he s m e r on, Hal al t d mon taet t i e i e t itroc o y i u t t a eas lfis o e srt ha he s ntt d o nel utr n nci l j ve r i or rng t he be tanser edt anot i tt i Se W i erv.Nat r Resour De ens elef de i hat r fr o her nsiuton. e nt u al ces f e Co n i Ic, 5 U, 7 2 (0 8 (idn ta tep ryse n p ei n r ij n to mu t u cl n .5 5 S. , 0 2 0 ) fn ig h t h a t e kig r l ay n u cin s . mi de taet t ()t i lkeyt s e ont meis'( çhei lkeyt s frirpaa e monsrt ha: 1 t s i l o ucc ed he rt, 2) 4 s i l o ufe re rbl he ' h r i t ea e c o p ei n r rle, ()th b ln eo e uie tpsi h sfv r'a d() am n h bsn e f r l ay eif' 3 t e aa c f q t s i n i a o , n 4 mi ' t i ' û lij n to i i tep bi itrs Be a s Hals l g to ssaen u d r igc nt uin l i' n u cin s n h u lc n eef). c u e l al ain tt o n el n o si t a al ' e y to cl m,he f l t s any lkelhood ofs ai ais o how i i ucces on t m e is and t courtdeni hi m oton f s he rt , he es s i or i erocut . r ifaccor ngl nt l ol ele y di y. 1 I 0 nmat do notha a c tt i lypr e t rghtt agreva epr ce e. es ve onsiutona l ot ced i o i nc o dur Ada v. ce 40F. 72,75( hCi.1 ;Se e. sM a s v. ma 259F.d641 647 ms Ri , 3d 4t r 994) e. :. sev Hel n, 3 , (t Ci.2001 (ole tngcaes.Bec us asaegre ncepr edledoesnotconfra 7h r ) c lci s ) a e tt iva oc tr e ny s t ntve rghtupo pr s i a es t de e an ofk i l 'a l ged f iur t co pl wih t ubs a i i n i on nm t , he f nd t t a s le a l e o m y t he s a e pr s s g i va pr dur s i l ng t ale i pr ri s i ton o H a l s t t i on' r e nce oce e , nc udi he l ged m ope nve tga i f l' gre nc ,i notaci bl t rj1 iva es s tona e mde 983. 11 c n i o , fist d mo taead p iaino b schz nne d t a i, be tv l, o dt n he al o e nsrt e rv to f ai l i ma e s h t s o jciey s tci nty s r oust ha c tt i ufi e l e i o ve ons iutonali plc tons Se Shn v.Sm ih,71 F. 1 1 m i a i . e kka t 3d 62, 66 (t Ci.1 9 ) Th c u t u rl d s se wi o t rj d c Halscam c nc n ighs 4 h r 9 5 . e o r s mmai imis s t u p eu ie l' li o e an i y h t ie, u s n t j 1 1 A( )1, sfio o . oltp rua t o 9 5 b ( ) a rv lus IIl I cnlso,h cutimiss ls 18 cmpanjseteywi ot ruie n ocuinte ords se Hal j 93 o litt ni t t u pe dc, ' r h j p ru n t j1 5 b ( ) f rfit et saeacam a dds se alsaelw camswi o t u s a t o 91 A( )1, o alr o tt li n imis s l tt a li l tu h p eu ie p ru n t j1 67c .Th c u t lod ne Halsmoi nf ritro u o yijmcie rj dc , u s a t o 3 () e o r as e is l' to o n elc t r nt tv r ifa hi r uetf ta fr( Nos 1 & 1 ) Be us Halalge nocli onwhih ele nd s eq s or r nse ECF . 2 5 . ca e l le s am c hei e ild t r i , hasno rghtt e gei dic ve y,a t c tdeni hi moto s ntte o elef he i o nga n s o r nd he our es s i ns a rquessr ar ngdicovey( Nos 11 1 & 17 .Ana opraeor rwile trt s nd e t eg di s r ECF . , 6, ) ppr it de l ne hi da y. The Cl r i die t t s nd c esoft sm e o a e k s r c ed o e opi hi m r ndum opi on a ac om pa ng ni nd c nyi or rt pl i if de o antf. ENTER:Th s c- da orocobe 2 2. * y t r 01 i ' , J Seni U nie St t D it i J e or t d a es s r udg 12