Rudd v. Arney et al, No. 7:2012cv00348 - Document 15 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 10/11/2012. (kab)
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I TH E U NI N TED STATES DI STR I C O U RT CT FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STRI T O F VI G I A C R NI RO A N O K E DIVISI N O M A RLIN L .R UD D , CL SOFFI U,S, ST COURT ERK' CE DI . ATROANOK ,V A FJED L 02T 1 12 1 22 JULI . t L l BK CASE N O .7: 12CV 00348 CL QRK PU' CLERK W Pl ntff ai i , M EM O M N DU M O PI O N NI VS. REBECCA ARNEY, AL , :I , By: Jame C.Tur s k Se or Uni e St t D i t i tJudge ni t d a es s r c Dee fndants. t) M a ln L. Rudd,t n a V igi a i a e pr e i pr K , fl t s c vi r g sa ton ri he r ni nm t oc ed ng o 1 ied hi i l i ht c i pu s ntt 42U. C.j1 3, l i n rua o S. 98 alegng mongohe t ng t tprs ofi aswr uly t r hi s ha ion fcil ongf l r f s dt al w hm t wo ka hsp io o f ra o t h e we ks i vilto o h s eu e o lo i o r t i rs nj b o b u t re e ,n oain f i c ns iutona r g s U pon r vi w oft r co d, he c ts m a iy di m i s t a ton o tt i l i ht . e e he e r t our um r l s s es he c i wih u p eu ie u d r28U.. j1 5 b ( ) a fio o . t o t rj d c , n e SC. 91 A( )1, s rv lus I Rudd' s i s onspr s ntt f l ng s que e ofe nt r a e t hi cl i s I s ubm s i e e he olowi e nc ve s el t d o s a m . n Aprl201 Rudd wa c i d a Blnd Core tona Ce e ,whe ehewor d outi t i 2, s onfne t a r c i l ntr r ke sde he pr s n, m aly i t s a ht rhous W he Rudd r pore f hi w or as i e ton A pr l i o nor l n he l ug e e. n e t d or s k s gnm n i 30, 2, t D a sa s gne hi t w or o s de m ow i g a sa usng a wee a e . Rudd 201 Sg . vi s i d m o k ut i ng r s nd i de t r t dDa st thehasG yba alr esa ashma(nd)ha be tki brahi te t nt ol vi ha ù ver d legi nd t a d en a ng e t ng rame s t c ada a ne de '( wie y s e d' Compl4. Da sas dmzofi rt tkeRuddt s anure . ) vi ke fce o a o ee s. Rudd e a ned hi a l r a a t a pr e st Nur e Tyr e a a s t d he t the xpl i s le gy nd s hm obl m o s e nd l o ol r ha woul ber evi ane Q- ri e wihseoi i i wihi af da .Tyret dRudd d ec i ng w va nhalr t tr ds n t t n ew ys e ol a t of i e sw ih hi t tRudd s d be of wor untlhi ne i e a ve One oft nd he fc r t m ha houl f k i s w nhal r ni d. he of i er r di d t si or a i t D a sa t d Rudd t r t n t hi donn. The dor of i e fc s a oe hi nf m ton o vi nd ol o e ur o s m fc r 1 Shorty aferflng t sac i , Rudd nottedt cour t he had been r eas fom prs l t ii hi ton ii he t hat el ed r ion. lt rt d Rudd t thewa of wo k f rt we ks Ruddc pli d a tbengof wo k, a e ol ha s f r o wo e . om a ne bou i f r but nO O C nC onxd e t St ton. d he iua i D r M il re m i Rud on M a 7,201 W he Rudd as d how s he co d r t n . le xa ned d y 2. n ke oon ul e ur t wo k,he docorl ke t ough t me c ltl ,s i hes w nor as Rudd c d not o r t t oo d hr he di a ie ad a e on oul i m e a e y r t r t w or a t d hi t do s Rudd r pored t w or on M a 8, 2. m di t l e u n o k, nd ol m o o. e t o k y 201 Da st dhi (l oulrlno wor ngt yRudd. Ruddt dhe t tt docorha vi ol m,dYl te t ki oda ' ' ol r ha he t d a o hi f w o k t pr vi da Da st d hi t ts ha a em ai i c tng t t ppr ved m or r he e ous y. vi ol m ha he d n l ndi a i ha t di lg d)pulgd Rudd')gaepa s' Da ss i tgl tswha youge frno goi t t ca ha me le s t s . vi ad,û- ha' t ' f t o t ng o w or whe e It l you.' Rudd a c e D a s ofusng hi m e c li s aga ns hi t pul hi k r el ' c us d vi i s di a s ues i t m o l s ga e pa s Rudd w a notalo ed t w or out i t g e f 22 da t s. s lw o k s de he at or ys. Rudd t i uns e s uly t f l ha as m e cha ge a a c i i lco pl nta i t red ucc s f l o ie r s nt r s nd r m na m ai ga ns D a s Rudd w r e t t m agit a e a t G CLU ' a tl i or a co pl n sa vi . ot o he s r t nd he û A ' nd i ed nf m l m ai t nd gre nc s a i va e boutt i de . On M a 28,201 N e A da sca l d Rudd i t t l w ih he he nci nt y 2, na m le n o ak t r a boutone ofhi i onnalc pl i st ts di notunde s a W hie Rudd a Adam sw e e s nf om a nt ha he d r t nd. l nd r t l ng,D a s a s ve alot rofi e sc e i o t r a ki vi nd e r he tc r am nt he oom a ls e d t t c nd i t ne o he onve s ton. r ai Rudd f l t e up, hum ii t d,a i i i t d. Rudd a ked i t r la f ist i s i t t et t t ' s ' la e nd ntm da e s n e na f a r o nve tga e he M a 28,201 m e tng,a a of i ri t l ewed hi ,butRudd c a m snot ng wasdone. y 2 e i nd n fce n ewi m li hi Afe am e tng wih Rudd a ot son J 4, 2, m ss ntRudd ame o and tr ei t nd her une 201 Ada e m r um e ani t e nt ofwhihhec ans.( msM e a xpli ng he ve s c ompli Ada morndum ofJme1 201 ECFNo. t 2, 2, 2, 23. Adn s i t ta t me i onM a 28, 2,Ada ,Da sa ot r wee p. ) ms ad ha t he etng y 201 ms vi nd hes r m e el t yi t unde s a Rudd' c pl nt . Ada s m e or ndlm al o e a ne t Rudd r y r ng o r t nd s om ai s m ' m a l s xpl i d o t Davi w as notr hat s esponsbl f Rudd' bei unabl t w or out de t pr s i M ay 201 i e or s ng eo k si he i on n 2 or f sus or pendi per i on f hi t w or out de t gat ass an acton m ustbe ng m ssi or m o k si he e, uch i a ovedby t wa de Ada s m e a l a s i c t t ta t Rudd r f ed t c ppr he r n. m ' mor ndtm lo ndiaed ha fer e us o ut gr s o A prl30,201 he t ke t Co e o Powe s Pow e s unde sood t tRud w a e t as n i 2, al d o uns l r r. r rt ha d nt d o co i t wor outi t g t onc hi ne i lra rved.Powe sc l me ca a s ntnue o k sde he a e e s w nhae ri r aled di l nd poke t Re c aAr y, r pondedbye i:ùlt ha ha br ahi difc te t spa t o be c ne who es mal çludd) s d e t ng fiulis hi s we k n 2d ysi ar w a dwa s e b t eDr td y; d we eo d r d b t( d )wo l e e d a n o n s e n y h .o a me s r r ee , u Ru d ud bes fri i t f iiyuntlhi me a eheea hepi t rgult hi ( .2we ks. ae nsde he aclt i s ds r r nd l ng o e ae m appr e l' ' ( No. p.23. ECF 2, ) A da s m e or nd a s r por e t ta t J 4 m ee i Ar a it m ' m a um l o e t d ha t he une tng, ney dm ted m i r adi t m edi lnot s a c arfed t tRudd ha no a t ly s e a doc oron Apr l30. s e ng he ca e nd l ii ha d t c ua l e n t i A r y alo verf e howeve ,m edi a no est tRud ha co pl i d ofs t s ofbr t on ne s ii d, r c l t ha d d m a ne hornes ea h Aprl28 a 29,201 Rudd a ist tn s c ule wih a docorby t e i nd 2. dm t ha ur es ons t d t t elphone a t bou gi ng Rudd a br a hi t e t e o A prl29, 2. Ada s m em or ndum e a ned t Rudd vi e t ng r a m nt n i 201 m ' a xpl i o t tAr y ha e r ied he a ho iy a me c la m i sr t t de det tRudd çs d be ha ne d xe c s r ut rt s di a d nita or o ci ha shoul i i t f iiy a oxi a el t o w ee ,whi h w o d a l w tm e f rt i e or r d by ns de he ac lt ppr m t y w ks c ul lo i o he nhal r de e t docor(oha joppo t t t te ae'( sbr t ngj' ( No. . ) he t t ve runiy o r gult hi eahi . ECF 2, 23. ' I hi j1 c antRuddrie t f l ngcams ( )Sgt Davi c l t n s 983 ompli , ass he olowi li : 1 . s aled he me ca uni i t ad ofr l ng o Nlr eTyr ' as e s ntofRudd' br t ngtoubl on di l t nse eyi n zs ee s s s me s eahi r e Ap i 3 , 01 ( )Re e c Ar e , sme ia a miitao , i n td t p o e j bwh n rl 0 2 2; 2 b c a n y a dc l d n srt r dd o o $ r p r o e a de lngwih Rud sme ca is s( Aprl30, 21a f lw uponcompl nt'; nd( ai t d' di l sue on i 201 nd olo ai s'a 3) Ada t r ae a i i dagnglst tont ge i or tononM a 30, 2, a C da ms s e td n ntmi ti iuai o t nf mai c y 201 ' nd t ' di p o l o a g iv n ec o dn t rb n tltig ( d l ep n t h rJ n 1 , 01 ogr j b s re a c o r iao y o et Ru d r s o d o e u e 2 2 2 n m em or andum .' Rudd s ' eekst r o ecoverhi l tw agesand ot m onet y dam ages s os her ar . 11 The cour i r qui e t dim i sa ac i orc ai f l d by a pr s ne ag ns a t s e r d o s s ny ton l m ie i o r ai t gove n nt le tt orofi ri t c tde e mi st a i orcli i fi ous malci , r me a n iy fce f he our t r ne he cton a m s rvol , i ous orfist saeacam o whihrle ma bega e 28U. C.j 1 5A( () I or rt al o tt li n c eif y rntd. S. 91 b) 1. n de o saeacam i a fde a ci la ton,hepli ifsEljcua alegai mus bee ht tt li n ny e r l vi ci t antf tfa t l l tons t noug o r ieargh t r i a a s i t o elef bovet s c a i lve , t onet ti E a i eon isf c ' r t r he pe ultve e l' o ' ha s d usbl pl t a e, ahe ' t nmeeyçc ei bl ' BelAt.Cor v. ha rl tonc va e. l l p. Twombl 550U. 544,570( ' y, S. 2007) Tosaea . tt c us ofa tonunde 51983,apli ifmus esa iht theha be nde i dofrght a e ci r antf t tbls ha s e prve i s g r nt d byt Consiuton orlwsoft Unie St t sa t tt sde i ton r ule ua a ee he tt i a he t d a e nd ha hi prvai es t d fom c r onduc c m i td by a pe s a tng unde c orofs a e l w . W es v.At ns 487 U . t om te r on c i r ol tt a t ki , S. 42(988 . 1 ) Rudd doe no cla l de i t c tt tonalis shes e t r s ag ns e c o t s t e ry fne he onsiu i s ue e ks o aie ai t a h f he d e nt . Be aus R udd i pr e di pr K , e r t c tm us lbe aly co t e hi ef nda s c e s oc e ng o how ve , he our t i r l nsnl s . c pl i t alow t de l pm e ofa pot n i ly m e iorous c ai , fa i pr e . om a nt o l he ve o nt e t a l rt i l m i ny s es nt Erc o v P r us 5 U.. 9 9 (00 ) Hane v. me, 0 U. 5 9 5 ( 9 2 (idn iks n . a d , 51 S 8 , 4 2 7 ; i s Ke r 4 4 S. 1 , 20 1 7 ) fn ig t t tco t us hol pl di fl d by a pr K ltga t' o l s s r nge s a r t n f m a ha ur m t d ea ngs ie o ii n l e s ti nt t nda ds ha or l . pla ngsdrfedby lwye s.Ont ot rha t c tc i eace rfiur i t e di at a r) he he nd,he our an gnor la al e n he pl a ng t alege f c sw hi h s tf t a cogni a e c ai . W e l r v.De rm e ofSoc a e di o l at c e orh z bl l m le pa t nt il Se v .9 F. 387,391( hCi.1 0) r s, 01 2d 4t r 99 . A. Rudd ap a s t be c pl ni t tSgt Da sw r uly i e f r d w ih hi a lt t pe r o om ai ng ha . vi ongf l nt r e e t s biiy o w o k,by gi ng hi a new w or as i e a t n hono i a i unt r t w e k w or r vi m k s gnm nt nd he r ng n nvol a y wo- e k f l ug bas d o hi b e t ng pr e sasi e ii by m edi als a f l a esha no ' o h e n s r a hi ur obl m d ntfed c t f . nm t ve 4 i e e d n c nsi to a rg t oap io o , o v r a a s c p io o fcasma nd p n e t o tt in l ih t rs nj b h we e , nd s u h, rs n fiil y u g neal tr n t a imaefo ap riu a p io j b fra yr a o wi u o fn ig e rly emi ae n n t r m a t lr rs n o o n e s n t t fe dn c ho f der lduepr s prncpl s Se ,e. ,Bul rv.Unie Stt sBtr a ofPrs ,65 F. 48 e a oce s i i e . e g. ge t d a e te u ions 3d ( t Ci.1 ) Coa eyv.Mur hv,88 F. 1 ,1 (t Ci.1 9)( di t ti ts 5h r 995 ; kl p 4 2d 218 221 9h r 98 hol ng ha nmae ha nopr e tdpr ryi ees i c i ngi wor rla epr a .Unde t s ve otce ope t ntr t n ontnui n k-ee s ogrm) r he e prnc pl ,Rudd ha no co tt i lc a m a i tD a s o a oft de e nt f t i r e i i es s nsiutona l i ga ns vi r ny he f nda s or he r ol s i ca i hi t m po a y i biiy t w o k out i t prs n. Rudd a s hasno c a m aga ns n us ng s e r r na lt o r sde he i o lo li i t Da s(ranyohe defnda )frf ii t arngef hi t wor onl i t sa htr e vi o t r e nt o alng o ra or m o k y n he lug ehous s whe ehi al r esa br ahi toubl ha notbe n apr e .Be a eRudd smpl ha no r s le gi nd e t ng r es d e oblm c us i y d c tt i ly pr t c e r gh asa pr s rt w or f w a durng hi i a ce a i he ha ons iutona l o e t d i t i one o k or ges i s nc r r ton, s no mone ay ca m a ii fom hi i biiyt do s f af w we ks Pur uan t t r li rsng r s na lt o o or e e . s to j 1 1 A( )1,h c u t ummai d s se Rud ' cam a an tDee a t vsa lg ly 9 5 b () t e o r s rl imiss d s li g is fnd n Da i s e al y f i ous2 r vol . B. Rudd a a s t co pl n t tDef ntAm ey vi a e hi c tt i lr g sby ppe r o m ai ha enda ol t d s ons iutona i ht mitke yr a ng Rudd' m e ca r or a bas d o t em itkes decdi t tRudd sa nl e di s di l ec d nd, e n hos sa , i ng ha s dnotwor outi t prs f t we ksbec us ofhi br a hi pr emsa houl k sde he ion or wo e a e s e t ng obl nd 2 Rudd al hasno r t iton cl m agai tDa s. Tos c e onaj 1 8 cam t a p ion so e ala i ai ns vi uc e d 9 3 li h t rs of i al r alat agai hi an i at m us ale f ct s ng t hi exer s ofa consi i fci s et i ed nst m, nm e t lge a s howi hat s cie tmtonal rg wa as sa ilfcormotvaigt r tlaoy a ton.S eAd msv. c , F.d 7 75(t iht s ub tnta a t i tn he eait r ci e a Rie 40 3 2, 4h Ci.1 4) Ame ia Ci lLie te Uno v. io c Co t 9 F.d 78 ,7 ( hCi.1 3 r 99 , rc n vi b ris in W c mio unv, 99 2 0 85 4t r 99 ) . (ii Mt He l CivSc ool src Boad o Ed ain v. l,4 U. 27 287( 9 ) ctng . at t h Ditit r f uc to Dove 29 S. 4, 1 77 . hv Pl ntf mustpr entm or t concl y alegatonsofr ala i Adam s 40 F. at74. Rudd does ai if es e han usor l i et iton. , 3d notaleget Da st a adver e a i agai thi bas on hi e cie ofa consiutonaly l hat vi ook ny s cton ns m ed s xer s tt i l pr ec e rghtort herac i chil hi e cie ofhi consiutonalrght i a wa ot t d i hat tons led s xer s s tt i i s n ny y. M or eover Rudd' own s isonsi ca et tDa shad no per onali ve enti , s ubm s i ndi t ha vi s nvol m n det mi ng t Rudd shoul notwor out i t prs f t wee Ar y,asm edi er ni hat d k sde he ion or wo ks. ne cal a mi sr tr ma et sd c so a d Da srg tul r le o Ar e sme c l ud me tt tab if d nitao , d hi e iin, n vi ihf l eid n n y' dia j g n ha re y hit fom w or wasappr at bas on Rudd' medi ne . See M ite v.Beor 896 F. 848, aus r k opri e ed s cal eds lir n, 2d 85 ( t Ci.1 0) 5 4h r 99 . m e c ton. A m e e d s gr em e be w e n a i a e a m e ca pe s di a i r i a e nt t e n nm t nd di l r onnelove dec s onson r ii m e c ne dsdoesnoti ia et Ei h Ame dial e mplc t he ght ndme . W rc v.Coli , F. 8 8 nt i ht lns 766 2d 41, 49 ( t Ci.1 8 ) Ru sl v. h fe , 28F.d3 8( t Ci. 9 5 (i igq e to o me ia 4h r 9 5 ; sel S efr 5 2 1 4h r 1 7 ) fndn u sins f d c l j d me t o s b e t oj d ca r ve u d rj1 8 ) t as n gi e ta o ssmpl d n t u g n n t u j c t u iil e iw n e 9 3 .Of l' e lg n di n i y o o ki gi rs t a c tt i lcai a tona eund j 1 3, venwhe a i t s fr s me ve ie o ny onsiutona l m ci bl er 98 e n n nmae ufe s o ad r e cons ue e a a r ul. See e c. Co v o Sa r m e o v. w i ,523 U . 8 849 ve s eq nc s es t , . , unt f c a nt Le s S. 33, ( 998)($T1 Consiutondoe no guaa eeduec r o t pa tofsaeofi as la lt f 1 t( he tt i s t rnt ae n he r tt tcil;ibiiy or ne i nty i lce har i cae ial be aht tz hol ' consiutonal otci ) glge l nfitd m s tgorc ly ne t he h es d'of tt i pr e tons. Se as Eselev.Ga e 429U. 97,1 1 ( 976)(i ngt tne i nta tonsrlt t e lo t l mbl, S. 05- 06 1 fndi ha glge ci eaed o me c lc edonotsaeafdealcam) dia ar tt e r li . Rud s c ai saga ns D e e ntAr y a e l galy f i o .H e f uls Ar f be ng d' l m i t f nda ne r e l rvol us a t ney or i ove l c utous a ry a i boutt r s t w o ki o s det f c lt m i a a t hi ale gi sa he i k hat r ng ut i he a iiy ght ggr va e s l r e nd a t a, ve hi r c ntc pl nt ofbr t ng pr e s Eve a s i w ihoutfndi t t s bm gi n s e e om ai s ea hi obl m . n s um ng t i ng ha Ar e ne lg n l mir a r c r so mi u g drs a b igh g e t a t e weei r aiy n y gie ty se d e o d r s d e iks s en ih r h n h y r n e l , j t t Co tt ton doe no pr e Rudd fo s h neg i nc pa tc a l whe e, he e, f is he nsiu i s t otct r m uc lge e, riulry r as r he al t de o ta e a m n r i whi h he s f r d phys c lha m a a r ul ofAr y' ac i . o m nsr t ny nne n c uf e e i a r s es t ne s tons Theco ts ur ummaiydimis Rudd' cli ag ns Ar yunde j 1 5A( ( )asfi ous rl s ses s ams ai t ne r 91 b)1 rvol . Rudd a enty s D e end A d s f he pa ti t M ay 30,201 m e tng i ppar l ues f ant nm or r r n he 2, e i n whi h he f l t e t ned a f f ii t ad es hi c ntnue gr e nce a c e t hr a e nd or a lng o dr s s o i d i va s boutt i i n s he nc de t on A p i 3 a M a 30, 2, n a t rA da s J m e 1 201 m e or ndlm e a ni w h r l 0s nd y 201 eve f e m ' t 2, 2 m a z xpl i ng y hi pr o gr e nc a utt e m a t r wer ba e on m iund s a ngs N e t roft s s i r i va es bo hes te s e s d s er t ndi . ihe he e algai saesaconsiutonalcam acina eunde j 1 le tons tt tt i li to bl r 983. 6 To pr a pr s ofk i la e f a ha u pr s n c to a i a e m us s ove i on t al i bl or nnf l i o ondii n, n nm t t how t t ha teo fca a tdwihd lb r t i ifrn e t a s ek e s b e tv l ,h c n iin h fiil ce t eieae ndfee c - h t h n w, u j ciey te o dto pr e t d as t nta rs ofs rousha m a ne rhees f ld t t e t e onabl es n e ubsa il ik e i r nd ve t l s aie o ak t as r e me urs't ale aei.Far rv. e n,511U. 8 835- ( 994) Thei t mus as e ' o lvit t me Brnna S. 25, 37 1 . nmae t as s o o j ciey ta h s fee at e iu o sg i c n p y ia o e to a ij r 'a lo h w, b e tv l,h t e u frd t ro s r inf a t h sc l r moin lnu y' s s i a r ul oft def nda ' de i r t i f e e e St i kl rv.W a er ,98 F. 1 es t he e nt s lbe a e ndif r nc . rc e t s 9 2d 375,1 380- 1 ( hCi.1 ) Anofi rsne ien fiur t alvit apot ilyha ulprs 381 4t r 993 . fce ' glg t al e o le ae ental nnf ion c n iind n t i lt a i maesc nsi to a rg t, v nwh nh s fe ss meij r a a o dto o o v oae n n t ' o tt in l ih s e e e e u f r o nu y s u r s t Le i ,5 U . a 849. N ot ng i t r o d s e ul. w s 23 S. t hi n he ec r ugge t t tt of i e s ga he e t t k s s ha he f c r t r d o al w ih Rudd on M a 30,201 di an hi ha m f lt hi ort tt y co d ha pr di t d t t t y 2, d yt ng r u o m ha he ul ve e c e ha t rpr s nc woul fi t n ori i i t Rud Thus Rud salegai nsf lt sa ea hei e e e d rgh e ntm da e d. , d' l to ai o tt ny Ei ht A m e m e cl m aga ns A da sr l t d t t sm e tng. g h nd nt ai i t m e a e o hi e i l a esdo notha a c tt tonaly pr t c e r gh t a gre nm t ve ons iu i l o e t d i t o i vanc pr dur A dn s e oce e. m v. c 40F. 72,75( h Ci.1 ;M a syv.Hel n, 9F. 641 647(t Ci. ) Rie, 3d 4t r 994) se ma 25 3d , 7h r 2001 (ole tngc s ) Thus aprs ofi a' fiur t c ywiht saeprs sgre nc c lci a es. , ion fcils al e o ompl t he tt ion' iva e p o e u ei n ta to a eu d rj1 3 M a nv. a , 5 F.d6 , 40(t Ci.1 8 ) r c d r s o cin bl n e 98 . n Ad ms 8 5 2 39 6 9h r 9 8 . Appl ngt eprnci e ,Rudd c n ha no c nsiutonaly sgnik a c am conc r ng yi hes i pl s a ve o tt i l i t nt l i e ni Ad m s ha i ofhi gre nce o t ma ri whih s orot si tg t a a ' ndlng s i va s r he nne n c he her nvesi a ed nd rs e pond t hi gre ed o s i vmw es . Fi ng no ba i i Rudd' aleg tons f ra c tt i l s gnii a c a m a i t ndi ss n s l ai o ny ons iutonaly i t c nt l i ga ns Ada ,t c tsl rl dimis sals hcai , rua t j1 5A( ( ) a fi l . ms he our lmmaiy s s e l uc l ms pu s nt o 91 b)1, s rvoous A n a opra e or rw ili s t sda ppr i t de l s ue hi y. 7 TheCl k i die t d t s nd c pisoft sm e a er s r c e o e o e hi mor ndum o ni and a c pa ng pi on c om nyi or rt pl i i f de o a ntf . ,' ' t r 2. ENTER:Thi /(P ? yofocobe , 201 s da Se nl U nie St t sD i t i t t d a e sr c 8 e