McBride v. Tully Rinckey PLLC, No. 7:2012cv00344 - Document 21 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 12/10/12. (sas)
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rdFR/:OFFI U. . ST. URT CE 8 DI O AT ROANQKE,V A FI LED DE2 12 2 1 22 I TH E UN ITED STATES DISTR ICT C O U RT N FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI O F V I G I I CT R N A R O AN O K E DIVISIO N J C. ULI DUDLEX CL ERK BK ' DE L Ci lA ct on N o. 7: cvvi i : 12- 344 G LENN M C BRI E, D M em orandum O pi on ni Pl ntf , ai if V. H on. Jam e C .Tur s k Seni Unied St es D i ri Judge or t at st ct TU LLY R I K EY ,PL LC, NC D ef endant. Thi m a tri be or t Cour o De e nts M o i t Dim is ECF No.7.I t s s te s f e he t n f nda ' ton o s s . n hi lgalm apr c ie c e,Pli ifal ge t thewa f r e t s tl hi m e c lmal a tc cli e l a tc as antf le s ha s o c d o e te s di a pr c ie a m a i t t D e r m e of V e e a Af ais f a unr as bl l a ount be us of ga ns he pa t nt t r ns f r or n e ona y ow m ca e Def nda ' a tons The Def nda 1 w fr fr tagr e t r pr e hi ,onl t l t rw ihdr w e nt s c i . e nt a i m i s e d o e es nt m y o ae t a a t r t fnn fr d t pa t r r pons bl f hi c e a co l fe he i i e he rne es i e or s as nd nc uded t t t pa t r s ha he r ne ' r pl ce e i M c i s c s was not c pe e t pr ec e t ca e.Fo t r s t t e a m nt n Br de' a e om t nt o os ut he s r he ea ons ha f l , t Def nda ' m oton i G R ANTED a t c s i D I I olow he e nt s i s nd he a e s SM SSED W I TH PREJU DIC E. 1 . FA C TS A N D PRO CED U R AL H I STO RY Pl i t f, Gl nn M c i , was a l ge y t vi tm of m edi al m a pr c i a t a n if e Br de le dl he c i c l a tce t he De rme ofVeernsAdmi srton (û ' hos tli Salm,Vigi ai 2009 a 201 pa t nt ta nitai ç ) pia n e VA' r ni n nd 0. To pur ue a m e c lm a pr tc c a m aga ns t VA ,he r t ne t l w fr Tuly R i ke s di a l ac i e l i i t he e ai d he a im l nc y, PLLC,baedi Al ny, s n ba New Yor (t- l Ri ke 'o theFim'.Hi i talc a twiht k ûl y nc y' r t r ' s nii ontc t he -ul t ) Fim w as on or aboutJune 2010 and he s gned t w rten r ai agr ent on Jul 29,2010. r i he it et ner eem y 1 ECF No 1 Co l ! 7 Tul Ric e p rn rSc t Pee s n wa t eatr e a sg e t Mr . , mp . . ly n k y a te ot tro s h to n y sin d o . M cBr de' case and he act i t capaciy f appr m at y ei m ont i s ed n hat t or oxi el ght hs. A fe ei m o hs ha pa s d,Pl i i fr ce ve a l ter f om t fr da e M a c 25, t r ght nt d se a ntf e i d e t r he im t d r h 2011 sai t M r Pee s ha be t r nae f c us a t ta herpa t r Doug a t tng hat . tr on d en e mi t d or a e nd ha not rne , ls Ros woul be tki ove t c e.ECF No.1 6,M at w Tuly Le trt Gl nn M c i ,a 1 e, d a ng r he as the l te o e Brde t . I t tl te ,M r M c i w a as ur d t tM r Ros w a qua ii t ha e hi c e:t o i n ha e t r . Br de s s e ha . e s lfed o ndl s as l ug s D e r e e i t t of c s we a e ha i f you a I a c i nt t tt l ve of xpe i nc d n he ype ae r ndlng or nd m onf de ha he e l pr es i l s r i e you r ce ve f om Doug w il e of s ona e v c e i r l qual or exc ed w ha you ha pr vi l e t ve e ous y r c i d i yourca e. l M cBrdea r nty he r not ngelefom t fnn untlhe r c i d e e ve n s ' d. ' i ppa e l a d hi s r he i i e e ve a lte da e J y 1,2011 t t saed e tr t d ul ha t t --co r r t t M a c 2011 l t t ttumpe e t nta y o he r h eter ha r t d he quaii ai ofDo Ros - t tafe t de rur ofM r Pee s t fnn no l nge ha a lfc tons ug e ha tr he pa t e . tr on, he i o r d quaii at ne t pr e t t ca m and t y we e t wihdr wi fom r pr e i hi . lfed tor y o os cu e he li he r hus t a ng r e es ntng m ECF N o.1 7,St n H e rck Le t rt Gl nn M cBr de a 1. - eve ri te o e i ,t Si f c ntt M c i s pr s n l a m a pr tce c ai s i t o r ton oft Fe r l gnii a o Br de' e e t eg l l ac i l m s he pe a i he de a Tor Cli Ac (TTCA' ,unde whih hes dt VA f rme c mapr tc Theeaet t ams t $ ' ) r c ue he o dial l acie. r r wo lmiai pei unde t FTCA:( )a pl ntf mus fl a a nitai cai wih t i ttons rods r he 1 ai if t ie n dmi srtve l m t he a e c t a c usd te ij r wihn t y a so te ij r ;a d ()a panifmus fl s i g n y h t a e h nu y t i wo e r f h nu y n 2 litf t i ut e wi i sx mo t so tea e c stn ld na o t ecam.2 U. . j2 01b . p rto o t n i nh f h g n y' i a e il f h li 8 SC. 4 ( ) Ex iain f h t sx m ont a nc r ew pe i wihou a fnala nc di pos ton i de m e a fna de al he i h ge y evi r od t t i ge y s ii s e d i l ni t r28U. C.j2675( McBrdesr e notc oft me ca mapr tcecai ont VA i mde S. *. i e v d ie he di l l aci l m he n Oc obe of 201 a t s x m ont age y r e pe i w a s t t ex r i Apr l 2011 t r 0 nd he i h nc evi w r od s e o pie n i . Co an a 2,M c i v.Unie Stts No.7: 1c 0051 ( . Va No 3,201 ) On mplit t Brde td ae , 1 -v- 9 W D. . v. 1. Apr l20,2011,M cBrde ofer t VA an addii i i f ed he tonal 45 days t com pl e t agency r ew , o et he evi whi h t VA a ce ed.I W he t 45 da ex e i pa s wihoutage y a ton on ora t c he c pt d. n he - y t nson s ed t nc c i bou J ne5,2011 i=,McBrde t n ha sx mont ,untla utDe mber5,2011 t tl s ti u , 4. i he d i hs i bo ce , o ie ui n f de aldit i c t e r srct our . Pl i iff l d hi m e c lm a pr c i c s aga ns t VA pr s on N ovem be 3,2011 a ntf ie s di a l a tce a e i t he o e r , a e nt ly s tld t cli so M a 31 201 f $4, SeeM c i v. t d St t , nd ve ual ete he am n y , 2 or 500. Brde Unie aes No. 7: 1c 0051 ( . Va. ( Nos 1& 88 . 1 -v- 9 W D. ) ECF . ) l t slga mapr tc cae,M c i pladsfurcai :( )a lgalmaprci tr n hi e l l acie s Brde e o l ms 1 e l a tce o t cai ( abrac ofc r c cam f bea h oft Engag ntAgreme ,( i e tona l m, 2) e h onta t li or r c he eme e nt 3) ntni l a ne i nt mir esntton, a ( i e inal a negi nt i lci of e tona nd glge sepr e ai nd 4) ntnto nd lge nfiton moi l dit e s sr s . 1. I LEG A L STA N DA R D S To pr r y s at a cl i upon w hi h r i c n be g a ed,Pl i if s ale to m us ope l t e am c elef a r nt a ntf l ga i ns t çsaeacli t rle t ti plusbl onisfce. As of v.l l 556U. 662,678( 09) ttt am o eif ha s a i e t a ' hcr t qba, ' S. 20 . (l r quie t Pl i if t a tc a e f c s w he a e e a t ue t t t how 't tt Pl i tf tt e r s he a ntf o ri ul t a t , n cc pt d s r , ha s ha he a n if hass a e a c ai e ilng hi t r le ,ie. t t a i lt ofe il m entt r le ' Fr nc sv. t t d l m ntti m o e i f . , he pl us biiy ntte o e i f'' a i Gico li 588F. 186,1 ( h Ci.2009)( i As r t 556 U. a 678) TheCour a mel, 3d 93 4t r quotng hcof, S. t . t ma r y o e bisatac t t Compl i wihoutc y el n xhi t t hed o he ant t onve tng t moton t dimis i o a ri he i o s s nt mo in frs mmayj d me t Se M arx Ca ia M z . n eLP v.Be rn p it l c,5 6 to o u r u g n . e ti ptl mt Fu d ai z o n. n . 7 F. 1 1 ( h Ci.2009) s e as 58 ChalsAln W rght& ArhurP.M ilr Fe r 3d 72, 76 4t r ; e lo re a i t le, deal Pr ciea Pr ed ej1 ( ed. 2) a tc nd oc ur 357 3d 201 . 11 1. CH OI E O F LA W C Be or t Cour pr e dst t m e is i m us tr tde e m i t a plc bl 1 w i t s f e he t oc e o he rt , t t i s t r ne he p i a e a n hi di r iy a on. A s t Cour st i V igi a Vi gi a' c c of l w nzes pr de t ve s t di he t is n r ni , r ni s hoi e a l ovi he fame kf t sa l i Klxo Co. StntrElc. f Co.31 U. 487,496( 941. r wor or hi nayss. a n v. e o e M g. , 3 S. 1 ) Ast Pli ifs br a ofc r c cai ' r ni lw l ksf vo abl upon c ce of o antf e ch onta t l m, û gi a a oo a r y vi hoi l w c a es i a c r t g vi t m f lefec e pti unus lcic s a s .... Col n a l us n ontac , i ng he ul f t xce n ua r um t nce ' ca ' Ai.I v.Ra he Aicaf Co.5 F. 270,275 ( h Ci.2007)(ii Hiac Crdi Am. r nc. vt on rr t , 07 3d 4t r ctng t hi e t Cor v.Sine Ba 1 F. 61 624 ( h Ci.1 );s alo Hoope v.M us i 364 p. g t nk, 66 3d 4, 4t r 999 ) ee s r olno, S. 2d 207,21l( 1 ;Tat v.Han,25 S. 2d 321 324 ( 943) l ot wor ,t E. Va. 988) e i E. , Va.1 . n her ds he c c of l cl us w il be e or ed i t s l c e s a e' l w i s r s na y r l t d t t hoi e aw a e l nf c f he e e t d t t s a t ea o bl e a e o he i pu pos of t a e m e .' Hoope , 3 S. 2d a 211. H e e, i i undi put d t t t r e he gr e nt' r 64 E. t r t s s e ha he Eng m e A gr m e s cii d t t N e Yor l w w oul a y. See ECF N o. 1 1 age nt ee nt pe fe ha w k a d ppl -, Eng me Agr me ,a 4 (t- tr a pr sonsoft sAgre nts l beco tu d age nt ee nt t t-he ems nd ovii l hi e me hal nsr e a govenedi ac or ewih t lwsoft Stt ofNe Yor ') Si eoneoft pate nd r n c danc t he a he ae w k. . nc ' he ris r i s i N e Y or and m os oft l ga w or r a e t M r M c i s cl i w aspe f es de n w k t he e l k el t d o . Brde' a m r onne d i N e Y or t Cour tnds t t N e Yor 1 w i r s bl r l t d t t pur e of t n w k, he ti ha w k a s ea ona y e a e o he pos he A gr e e t t pr d l alr pr e a i n f M r M c i s c ai aga ns t V A .The e or e m n : o ovi e eg e es nt to or . Brde' l m i t he r f e, t Co tfndst tN e Yor 1 a i t t c r ctc a m . he ur i ha w k aw pples o he onta l i Thet tcli s howe r r quiet a ia i ofVigi a lw.tunderVigi a c ce or am , ve , e r he pplc ton r ni a d r ni hoi of l w prnci es t tc a m s ar a y d unde t l w oft pl e oft w r ng. W a e s de a i pl , or l i e nal ze r he a he ac he o ' t r i ' Ca t l Cor .v.H a e .Br df d & A len,LLP,N o.2: CV 727,2007 W L 2 4661 a * 5 pia p l s a or l 05 25 , t 4- ( D.Va.Aug.3,2007)( ii J v.R. J nes& Asoc. l ,431 S. 2d 3 34 ( E. ctng ones S. o s . nc. E. 3, Va. 1 ) afd,31 F.App' 263( hCi.2009 .if eplceoft wr i dei dast pl e 993), f 9 x 4t r ) t' a -h he ong s fne he ac 4 w he e t l te tne es a y t m a a a t r la e f a a l ge t tt kespl ce eve i t r he as ven c s r o ke n c o i bl or n le d or a a , n f he ac or ha no co r over t l a i of t l te nt' W a e s de,2007 W L 2254661 a *4t s nt ol he oc ton he as ve a ' tri ,t 5 ( tngQuilnv.J ' Plvtxsl ,78 F. 1 41 1 44 ( h Ci.1 cii le nfl a e nc. 9 2d 0 , 0 4t r 986:.Forexa e t l t mpl,he as e ntne es a y t m a a a t la e i a f a c e i t r s bl r lanc on t f l e ve c s r o ke n c or i bl n r ud as s he ea ona e e i e he a s r pr en a i W a e s de 2007 W L 225 e es t ton. t r i , 4661 a *4- He e,Vi gi a 1 a i s t Pl i tf s , t 5. r r ni aw pple o a n if t 1 cai be a e, f r e c cam ,t l s e nt ne s a y t m a t De e n la e o4 l ms c us o a h li he a t ve ce s r o ke he f nda t ibl oc ur e i V igi a Fo t l ga m a pr tce c a m a t i en i nali lc i of e otona c r d n r ni . r he e l l ac i l i nd he nt t o nfi ton m i l dite scai ,ij y i t ls e ntne e s r t ma a a t la ea M c i salge sr s l ms nur s he a t ve c s ay o ke n cor ibl nd Brde' le d ij r o c re i Vign a Sic mirp e e tto i atpeo fa d,W aesd p o d st a n u y c u rd n r ii . n e se r sn ain s y f ru trie r vie h t te ls e e twa r a o a l r la c , u e e i te ls e e twa ij r ,b t ter ao a l h at v n s e s n b e ein e b t v n f h at v n s nu y oh h e s n b e rla c a d ijly o c re i Vigna S e i Th s te Co r fn s ta Vign a lw i ein e n n t c u rd n r ii. e d. u , h u t id h t r ii a s r a i a e t t t tc a m s pplc bl o he or l i . I . V AN ALY SI S A. TortCl m s ai Vigi a l w i c e r t t û n or r t r c r i t t ûhe dut t r i l or ne i nty r ni a s l a ha t de o e ove n or, t i y o tousy glge l br a hed mus be a c ec t omm on l w d y,no one e si bewe n t pa tes s ey by vit of a ut t xitng t e he ri ol l rue t c rc .' Augusa M ut l .Co.v.Mas 6 S. 2d 29 293 ( 2007) s alo he onta t'' t . ns on, 45 E. 0, Va. ; ee s O' Connelv.Bea 5 S. 2d 741 743 ( 2002) Rihmond M e .Aut v.M c vitSt l n, 56 E. , Va. ; c t h. De t . Bo isnc, 0 S. 2 3 ( .1 9 ) Fo ec Miso Bd. W a e 4 9 S. 2 1 ,1 8( . v s l .5 7 E.d 44 Va 9 8 ; r in sin v. d , 0 E.d 44 4 Va 1 ) Ka a Com . Haev,299 S. 2d 51 51 ( 1 ;Ol rv.Ke 225 S. 2d 398, 991; mlr v. l E. 4, 7 Va. 983) eya m E. 39 ( 1 ) Spe v. rol & W . R.Co.22 S. 81 81 ( 1 .l ot rwor , 9 Va. 976 ; nce Nof k R. , E. 5, 8 Va. 895) n he ds i a dut a i e s e y f om a c r t t n t t tc ai s m us be di m i s d a t pl i if f y r s s ol l r ontac , he he or l m t s s e nd he a ntf mus pr e d on t c r tcam aone.Se Ol r 225 S. 2d a 399 (tft c us of t oc e he ontac li l e eva, E. t ' he a e I 5 c ompl i be f a ac ofom ison or non-ea a e whi wiho pr of a c ta tt do ant or n t si f s nc ch, t ut oof on r c o wha wa l tundone,wo d notgi rs t a c us ofa ton ( a e no dut a r fo t s ef ul ve ie o ny a e ci bec us y pa t rm c r tt do wha i compli d ofe ss t n t a ton i f ontac o ts ane xit) he he ci s ounde upon c r t a not d ontac, nd upontr.'.Spe i aly,t Su e Cour ofVigi ahassae t tdute bewe n acle o t' ) cfc l he prme t r ni ttd ha is t e int a a at ne a ies ey fom t co r c ua at e cle r l tons p.SeeO' nd n tor y rs ol l r he nta t l tom y- int e a i hi Connel 556 l, S. 2 a 743 (6 f t c r t ghe at ne woul have ha no dute t (he cle ) E.d t E or he ontac, t tor yl But d d is o t int. W h tv rd te gh atr y o d (h cin )a o e fo t er atr e -le trlto s i ae e uis te t ne l we t e le t r s r m h i t n y cin eain hp, o o whih wa ce td by t r c rc .) (ii Lvl SigesCr ha & Beae v.Ti waer c s rae hei onta t' ctng e. e l os w ' l de t Ca tlCor ,457S. 2d28,32( .1 ) pia p. E. Va 995). I t s c e,t Com pl i tdoesnot a ca ,alege t vi a i ofa co m on l n hi as he an , nd nnot l he ol ton ny m aw o s a u or du y t t di no a i e f om t c r c ua r l tons p of t pa tes Be or r t t t y t ha d t rs r he onta t l e a i hi he ri . f e M c i s gned t Engage e A gr em e on J y 29,201 t Fi m ow e M cBr de no dut Brde i he m nt e nt ul 0, he r d i y w ih r a ds t M c i s cl i s al dute a os f o t i co r c ua r a i hi As s h, t eg r o Brde' a m - l i s r e r m he r nt a t l el tons p. uc t Co tdim i s s Cl m s 1 3,a 4. e O l va , S. 2d a 399. he ur s s e ai , nd Se e r 225 E. t B. Breach of Cont ractCl m ai Unde Ne Yor lw,Pli ifi rquie t e tbls t 1 t e se eofac r c,( r w k a antf s e r d o sa ih t ) he xitnc ( onta t 2) t pl ntf spef manc unde t c r c,( t dee tsbr c oft conrc,a ( he ai if ror e r he onta t 3) he fndan ' ea h he ta t nd 4) r s tng da e uli mage . Pa me t Parne s L. v.AJ Oualfe Pa t s LLC,921N. S. 260, s' l to t r s P. ' W ii d rner , Y. Zd 264 ( Y.App.Di 2011.Ther i no dipuea t e se eofaco rc andPli ifs N. v. ) es s t bout he xitnc nta t antf' pe f r onua nce unde t c r c .A s t t l te poi t e n i t r w e e a di put , Pl i if r he ont a t o he a t r n , ve f he e r s e a ntf a l ge t the d r or ed al du i i a c da e w ih t t r s a c tons s tf t i t le s ha ç f m pe 1 tes n c or nc t he e m nd ondii e orh n he atme cintc r c. ECF No.1 Compl! 31 Thepate vi ousy diput t fnalt to y-le onta t' ' , . . ris gor l s e he i wo el ent em s. As umi t tM c i c n s s ng ha Brde a how t tt Fi br ac d a wrte oror c r c f ha he nn e he itn al onta t or l ga r pr s nt ton,M cBrde s ilha no pl us bl pl a t tna e e ent k ha t a t ne s e l e ee ai i tl s t a i y e d he i l l m , l t he tor y' t br c of t s dut pr m a e y ca ed pl i if t s t i a t l a as rai bl dam a s ' ea h hi y oxi t l us a ntf o us a n c ua nd ce t na e ge s' Von Duerng v.He son & Be f 896 N. S. 424,425 ( Y.App.Di 201 .Thi i ri si kof, Y. Zd N. v. 0) s s be a e afe t t m i to of t A g ee e by t f nn,t r w e e tve m ont bef r t c us t r he er na i n he r m nt he i he e r i hs o e he lm ia i perod r n and e eve m ont be or Pl i tf e nt ly s tl d t c e a i tt i t tons i a l n hs f e a n if ve ua l e te he as ga ns he V A . I t s tm e he c d ha obt i d new cou el t r e e hi . I t ad, Def nda n hi i , oul ve a ne ns o epr s nt m ns e e nt a gue ,he vol a iy c e t fl s tpr s f mont a tr t Fim tr na e t r s unt rl hos o ie ui o e our hs fe he r e mi t d he Agr e e a a mont be or t lmiai nspe i rn.Pl ntf countr t s a g ntby e m nt nd h f e he i t to rod a ai if e s hi r ume sai t the r i on hi beng r pr e e by Tuly Ri ke to t excuson ofalot r,' t tng ha eled s i e es nt d l nc y û he l i t l he s' s e ECF N o.1 Pl' Re p.O pp.M o . i m i s a 5,a t ti i di fc tt ha a ne l w ye e 4, .s s t D s s t nd ha t s fi ul o ve w a r çe e ac e mi ten 'jk a 8,a t tanew lwye woul ber l tntt tke o a c e çntr as dsr m, . t nd ha 't . a r d euca o a n as w he e t pr vi l y ha w ihdr r he e ous aw er d t awn. d. I Si e N e Yor l w gove ns t s c ai ,t Co tl nc w k a r hi l m he ur ooks t t N e Yor sa e co t f o he w k t t ur s or gui nc .The c s s ge r l s da e a e ne aly uppor t pr t he opos ton t tt r i no pr m a e ca a i on a ii ha he e s oxi t us ton l ga m al a tc c a m w he t a l ged de i i ntr pr s nt ton t m i t w ih s f c e tm e e l pr c i e l i n he le f c e e e e a i er na es t uf i i nt i t ena e s ce s co e t a qua e y pr e tt c i nt s r g s See A l n v.Pe s 734 o bl uc s or uns l o de t l ot c he le ' i ht . bi ar on, N. S. 5 565 ( Y.App.Di 2001 (i ng no pr mae c e whee cli rmai d Y. Zd 64, N. v. ) fndi oxi t aus r am e ne vibl f t e yeas a tr t fnn was dic r d) Gol n v.Cas one.Chec nove & a e or hre r fe he i s hage ; de ci ha r Puri iti 729 N. S. 1 1 ( Y.App.Di 2001 (i ng no pr xi t ca ai cglot, Y. Zd 40, 41 N. v. ) fndi o mae uston be a et cai rmane vibl f t a ahal yeasafe tnn wasr ive ;Ko c us he l m e i d a e or wo nd f r tr i ele d) zmolv. La Fim o Ale L.Rot n r 660 N. S. 63,64 ( Y.App.Di 1 )( prxi t w r f ln he be c, Y. Zd N. v. 997 no o mae c us be a e e n t a e c us ve hough lws twasdimis wihou prj c be us offr ser ,i a ui s sed t t eudie ca e im' ror t 7 c ul ha be n r ied wihi 1 da a wasnot;C & F Poluton Contoll v.Fi & o d ve e efl t n 20 ys nd ) li r nc. d. Cas Co. N. ,653N. S. 7 7 ( Y. . of Y. Y. Zd 04, 05 N. App.Di 1 (i ng nopr maec us to v. 995) tndi oxi t a ain i a a om obie a i nt c e w he t s c s c n n ut l cc de as n he uc es or ouns ha s x m ont r m a ni on t el d i hs e i ng he saut o lmiai a trrcevi t pl ntf sfll Sheoovv.Ca ca 555N. S. 91 tt e f i ttons fe e i ng he ai if ie; rt poc i, Y. Zd 8, 919( Y.App.Di 1 ( di t tsnc onemonhr mai d ont saut oflmiai N. v. 990) hol ng ha i e t e ne he tt e i ttons w he t r pr e aton w a t r i t no pr m a e c us c d be had i a l lm al a tc n he e es nt i s e m na ed, oxi t a e oul n ega pr c i e cli ona undel ngmedi lmal a tc c s ) am n ryi ca prcie a e . Ba e on t spr c dent pari a l t She ot ca e Pl ntf i una et de o ta e sd hi e e , tculry he r ov s , ai if s bl o m nsr t t tt Fim' br c wa apr maec eoft ij yheale shes fr d bengf c d ha he r s ea h s oxi t aus he nur lge ufe e - i ore t s tl hi c a m f a I r s bl l a oun .Pl ntf s il ha fve m on hs a t r Tuly o e te s l i or n m ea ona y ow m t ai i f tl d i t fe l Ri ke tnni t d r pr en a i bef r t lmiai nsperod r on hi cli .I She ot v,i nc y e na e e es t ton o e he i t to i an s am n r o n w hi h t unde l ng c ai was a s a m edi alm a pr c i e c s ,e n one m ont s tm e be or c he r yi l m lo c l a tc a e ve h' i f e t sat e oflm ia i nsr n w a s t c e tm e t a oga e t e f t oft def nda ' br ac he t ut i tto a s ufi i nt i o br t he f ec s he e nt s e h. W hie M c i s ca e m a ha bee m or c plc t d t n i She o ov, t ve m ont i a l Brde' s y ve n e om i a e ha n rt i hs s s fcen amountof tm e i whih t r t i c ufi i t i n c o e an ouns la f r t tc m s t fl a c e nd o ha ol el o ie ompl nt ai . l e f m ont afe t br ac M r M cBr de hi s l fl a de aied a w e lr as drr nde d, our hs t r he e h, . i m e f ied t l nd l- e one o s c pl i .Eve a t rt c pl i ha bee f l d,M r M c i w a a e a f ee t e e om a nt n f e he om a nt d n ie . Brde s bl nd r o ngag e c m s t r pr e hi t oughoutt r m ai roft ltga i n. ot el o e es nt m hr he e nde he ii t o Bec us Pl i ifca m otalege t tt De e nt s br a w as a pr xi a e c us ofhi a e a ntf l l ha he f nda ' e ch o m t a e s ij r , i b e c o c nr c cam fis Ac o dn l,h Co r d s se t ecam. nu y hs ra h f o ta t li al. c r igy t e u t imis s h li V. C O N CLU SI N O Pl i if st tc ai sm us be di m i s d be a e an dut D e e ntow e Pl ntf a os a ntf or l m t s s e c us y y f nda d ai if r e s el f om t rcont act The Pl ntf s breach ofcont actcl m m us be di i sed becaus t ol y r hei r . ai if' r ai t sm s e he 8 Plit fc n o s o t tte b e c wa t e p o mae c u e o t e ij r h s fee Th ani n n t h w ha h r a h s h r xi t a s f h nu y e u frd. e f Cour G R AN TS t Def nda ' M o i t Di m i s i is e i e y a t ca e i D I I t he e nt s ton o s s n t ntr t nd he s s SM SSED W I PR EJUD I . TH CE An a o i t or s li s t s d y. ppr pra e der hal s ue hi a EN TER : s 1& Thi 3 'd1 da of Dec m be , 2012. y e r X J Ho alam es C.Tur k Se orU nie St t D i t i tJ e ni t d a es s rc udg 9