Knight v. Kiser et al, No. 7:2012cv00342 - Document 16 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 10/19/2012. (tvt)
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OL ERKS oO l U, . sX X ur cE s Dl ATROANOKE, VA FI LED 02T 1S 2 1 22 I TH E U N I D STAT ES D I N TE STR I CO U R T CT FO R TH E W E STER N D I STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A ROANOKE DI I ON V SI W I ER JER O M E K N I H T, LM G JtL1 % DL , J z . / CLERK j' 7 J. . ., .. .. , . t -a. . K . . C A SE N O .7: 2C V 00342 1 Pl ntf ai if, M EM OM NDUM O PI ON NI VS. By: G l E.C onrad en Chi fU ni e St t sD i t i tJudge e t d a e s rc M R.KI SER, K , c De e nts. f nda t) W im e J r e K ni ,a V igi a i a e pr edi pr K ,tl d t scvi rg sa ton l r e om ght r ni nm t oce ng o ie hi i l i ht c i . puruan t 42U. C.j1 alegi t tt defnda prs ofiil havehel Knihtt s to S. 983, l ng ha he e nt ion fcas d g oo l i s r t d c i m e , n vi a i ofhi co tt i ong n eg ega e ont ne nt i ol ton s ns iutonalrght . U pon r vi w oft i s e e he rc d,heco tsl iydimis st acin unde 28U. C.j 1 5A( () f filr t e or t ur lmmarl s se he to r S. 91 b) 1, or alze o s a e a cl i . tt am I K ni a l gest f l w i e nt r e ntt hi cl i . V igi a D e t e of ght le he olo ng ve s el va o s a m r ni parm nt Coreci ( r tons VDOC)ofi asta fre Kni on Aprl26,2011 fom Sus e IStt Prs fcil rnserd ght i ,r s x ae ion t Re O ni St t Pr s pl c ng hi i l t r a i sr tve s gr ga i û ave S o d on a e i on, a i m n ong-e m dm ni t a i e e ton, s e l t Sec iy.'Afe s ver lmont , fcal ta f re Kni htf uns c fe r s t M a i urt ' tr e a hs ofi i s r ns e r d g or pe ii d ea ons o ron Co r c i lTr at r e tona e mentCen e f sx mont a t n ba k t Sus e If sx mont .Kni ht t r or i hs nd he c o s x or i hs g a l gest tdtr ng t spe i he di no i ura di c plnar c r es o c nge t hi le ha zi hi r od, d t nc ny s i i y ha g r ha s o s s c iy c a s fc t o On A prl 1 201 of i i l tans er e Kni ba k t Re Oni e urt l s ii a i n. i 3, 2, fc a s r f r d ght c o d on a i sr tves gr ga i Le lS.Athi s ond,90- y r vi w ofhi s gr ton saus dm nitai e e ton, ve s ec da e e s e egai t t , of i i l t d Kni htt tbec us ofa di c plna y c r br f c a s ol g ha a e s i i r ha ge oughta i thi a Sus e li ga ns m t s x n 201 hec dno ye beta f re t t l s r titve s c i ofRed Oni l 0, oul t t r ns e r d o he e s esrc i e ton on. K ni a s t t the hasbee i l ng-e ad i s r tve s gr ton s nc M a 1 ght s ers ha n n o t nn m nit a i e ega i i e y 9, 2009.l t sj 1 a ton, ghtcai t tt dee ntRe Onin ofiil ha vi ae n hi 983 ci Kni l ms ha he fnda d o fcas ve oltd hi co tt i s ns iutonalrght by m a nt i ng hi i s gr ga e c i m ent des t t f tt the i s i a ni m n e e t d onfne , pie he ac ha hasbee c r - r e f 22 m o hs Kni hta s c a m st tt e def nda sha notc pled n ha ge f e or nt . g l o l i ha hes e nt ve om i wih V D OC pr dur lr qui e e s a s i t d wih t 90- y r vi w pr es . K ni hta l ges t oce a e r m nt s oc a e t he da e e oc s g le t tl t r s gr t c i m e ha c us hi m e ala e otona sr s . A s r le i ha ong- e m e ega ed ontne nt s a ed m nt nd m i l t e s e if n ti c s , ih se mo eayd ma e a ditro uo yij n tv r le, ie tn ta Re h s a e Kng t e ks n tr a g s n nel c tr nu cie eif dr cig h t d Oni of i a sr duc hi s lrt c as ii a i on fci l e e s ec ziy l sf c ton. 11 The c ti r qui e t di m i s a a ton orc a m tl by a pr s r a ns a our s e r d o s s ny c i l i i ed i one gai t gove nm e a e iy orofk eri t c tde er i t a ton orcl i i f i ous m alci , r nt l ntt t f he our t m nes he c i a m s rvol , i ous orf l t saeacam o whihr ifma begr td.28U. C.j 1 5A( ( ) l or rt ais o tt li n c ele y ane S. 91 b)1. n de o saeacam i a yf d r l i l ci n t ep an ifsE ta t a alg to smus bee o g t tt li n n e ea cvia to ,h litf dl cu l le ain g t nuh o r iearghtt r le a a s i o e if bovet s ultve lvel't o t ti l a i eon isf e, r t r he pec a i e ,' o ne ha s û usbl pl t ac ' a he ' t nmerl l oncevabl ' BelAt. p. Twombl 550U. 5 570( ha ey t i e. l lCor v. c ' y, S. 44, 2007) To saea . tt c us ofacinunde j1 3, pli ifmus etbls t thehasbe de i dofrg s a e to r 98 a antf t sa ih ha en prve iht gua a e by t Co tt i orl w soft Unie St t a t tt sde i ton r ule r nt ed he ns iuton a he t d a es nd ha hi pr va i es t d f om co uc com m it d by a per on a tng t de c orofs a e l w . W e tv. t ns 487 U . r nd t te s c i m r ol tt a s A ki , S. 42( 988) 1 . 1 l Knih ' mo inf it ro uor ij ci r le ( No.1 , alg st tofii s n g ts to or n e lc t y nun tve eif ECF 4) he le e ha fcal r us d t change hi s iy cl iiaton bas on adici i y cha gef om A prll 2011atSus ex ef e o s ecurt assfc i ed s plnar r r i 4, s 1 even t , hough a of i alt ehad dim is t cha ge. n fci her s s ed he r W hen ade enda i lwf l c c e a c i t prs he l e as g fca f nt s a uly onvit d nd onfned o ion, os s i nii nt i ees i hi lbe t f t pe i oft sntnc Gat v.Tayl ,946F. 340, ( h ntr t n s i ry or he rod he e e e. son or 2d 343 4t Ci.1 91.I mae ha enoprtce lb ry itr s i b igh u e i a yp riulrp io o r 9 ) n ts v oe td ie t nee t n en o s d n n a t a rs n r c i aprs wih l srsrci c tons M e chum v.Fa 427U. 21 224- ( 976) n ion t es e titve ondii . a no, S. 5, 25 1 (1 c ci ha s fcenl e i uihedt defnda ' lbe t i ees t e : The onviton s ufii ty xtng s he e nts i ry ntr t o mpowe t r he Stt t co i hi i a ofisprs .) Tosaeacam t thehasaprtctd lbery ae o nfne m n ny t ions' . ' tt li ha oe e i t i e es r a e t l t m a i sr i c i m e ,a i a e m us f r ta l ge f c s nt r t el t d o ong-er dm ni tatve onfne nt n nm t t i s le a t d mo srtn ta c n iinst wh c h i s be tnt a c n ie n sau c n ttt a e n taig h t o dto o ih e s u j c i h t o fn me t tt s o si e n u taypi a a sgnii an ha ds p on t i ae i r l tont t or na y i i nt ofprs n tt c l nd i fc t r hi he nm t n e ai o he di r nc de s io lf ' Sa nv.Conne ,51 U. 47 48 (995 . ie. ndi ' r 5 S. 2, 4 1 ) Kni htf ist s g a l o how t the hasa pr e t d lbery i e es r l t d t hi s gr t ha ot c e i t nt r t e a e o s e ega ed c i m e s a us K ni f ist pr s nta f c sco e i t c tonsofhi onfne nt t t . ght a l o e e ny a t nc m ng he ondii s c i m e o t of e a r pe ti w hi h t e c tonspr e a unus dif c t or onfne nt r o f r ny es c n c hos ondii es nt ny ual f i uly di c f r whe c pa ed t ot rVD O C c i m e c t gores M or s om o t n om r o he onfne nt a e i . eove ,K ni ' r ght s c ompli t t tprs ofk il ha f ie t f l sa ec a sfc ton pr e esdonot a n s ha ion t a s ve a ld o olow t t l s ii a i oc dur p e e ta yfd rl uep o e sis ea to beu d rj 1 8 .Se Ricov Cny. fFara r sn n e e a d r c s su cina l n e 9 3 e c i . t o ifxs Va.907F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1 .Thec t ts , 2d 459, 469 4t r 990) our mus umma iydimisKni tsdue rl s s gh ' pr s cl i sr ga di hi s gr a i sa us oce s a m e r ng s e eg ton t t . Kni htsalega i a s f lt sae acai t thi contne e i s gr ton vi aes g ' l tons lo ai o t t l m ha s i m nt n e ega i ol t t Ei h Amendme pr bii a i tc ue a unus punihm e .Thel h ofan he ght nt ohi ton gans r l nd ual s nt engt i at s s gr a i n al doe no r nde s h s e ton unc tt i l l r Lonz Te m nm e' e eg t o one s t e r uc egr ga i ons iutona . n e r Ad n. r to ofl tsDe i tda Fi Pece tr ,1 F. 464, ( h Ci. mi Seaeaain nmae scnae s ve r ne s 74 3d 472 4t r 1 .To saeanEiht Ame 999) tt g h ndme cli rga di c tonsofconfneme ,t i e nt am e r ng ondii i nt he nmat mus s o ta h h ss san dasro so sg t n me tlo p y ia ij r a ar s lo t h w h t e a u t ie ei u r ini t na r h sc ln u y s e ut f ka t c lnge c to , e Stiklrv. aes 989F. 1 1 1 ( h Ci.1 ,or he hale d ondiins s e rc e W tr, 2d 375, 380- 381 4t r 993) t thi t ontnued, ha s t i c unwilng e li xpos et t c lnge c tonsc ea e as t nta rs of ur o he hale d ondii r t s ubsa il ik s h ham,s Heli v.M c nne 5 U. 25,31( 993) uc r ee lng Ki y, 09 S. 1 . Knih ma e n s c s o n o a t a o poe ta ij r r s li gfo h s g t k s o u h h wig f cu l r tn il nu y e u tn r m i c i m e s a us H i co l or alega i n t the ha s f r d e otona a m en a di tes onf ne nt t t . s nc us y l to ha s uf e e m i l nd t l sr s whiei s gr ton i nots l n e egai s uppore by a f c ss esi t tc i m e c tonsc us td ny a t ugg tng ha onfne nt ondii a ed hi dit e sort thi m e a o e otona ups tw a s s ve e a t r uie t e t entor s sr s ha s nt l r m i l e s o e r s o eq r r a m o he wi e co tt e s rousor sgnik a ha m asr r d unde St i kl rorH eli t r s ns iut e i i t nt r equie r rc e lng. The e or ,t c tm us s l m a iy di m i sK ni ' Ei h A m e m e c a m s c er ng r f e he our t lm r l s s ght s ght nd nt l i onc ni s egaton s at egr i t us. Be us Kni ' c pl i f l t s ca e ghts om a nt ais o uppor a pl us bl c tt i lc ai ac i bl t ny a i e ons iutona l m tona e u d rj1 3 t c u t imis sKng tsc mp an wi o t rj d c , u s a tt n e 98 ,he o r ds se ih ' o lit t u p eu ie p ru n o h j1 5A( ( ) frfiur t saeacam.Seeas Knihtv.J on, viAci No. 91 b) 1, o al e o tt li lo g ohns Ci l ton 3:0CV648, 1W L 41 664 ( D. Se .1 2011 ( s si smia algai 1 201 01 E. Va. pt 4, ) dimisng i lr le tons r ar nglng-em a nitatvec i nt.Fort s mer as t c tde e Kni ' eg di o tr dmi sr i onfneme ) he a e on,he our nis ghts moinf ritro u oy ijmci r le r g r i gh ss g e ain sau .Se W itrv. tr l to o ne lc tr nt tve eif e ad n i e rg to tts e n e Nau a Res ce Defns Cot lI ,555U. 7,1 S.Ct365, ( )(i ngt tentte nt our s e e mci.nc. S. 29 . 374 2008 tndi ha ilme t p ei n r ij n to rq ie ,ne ai, s o n ta pan ifdslk l t s c e d o t e o rlmi ay n u ci n e u rs itr la a h wig h t litf l iey o u c e n h i meis' hi cam) Be us Kni f ist aleg fcssai a vibl j 1 cam,t rt'of s li . ca e ght al o l e a t ttng ny a e 983 li he c t s i s s a m oothi m oto t n e t na e a to ldef nda s a hi m o i f our di m s e s s i n o m nd o m ddii na e nt nd s ton or a nt e ofc ppoi m nt ouns l An a opra e or rw ile e t sday. e. ppr i t de l nt r hi 4 The C l r i di e t d t s nd co esoft sm e or l opi on a ac pa ng ek s r ce o e pi hi m andtm ni nd com nyi or rt pli if de o antf . E TR Ti )jlaoOte,02 N E : hs tt yf cbr21. o Chi fU nied St t s Di t i tJ e t a e s rc udge