Knight v. Vanover et al, No. 7:2012cv00337 - Document 16 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 10/19/2012. (tvt)
Download PDF
r G ERK' oFF) p.. sm cour S cE s Dl AT ROANOKE, VA FI LED 0CT 19 2 1 02 I TH E UN I N TED STA TES D I STR I T CO UR T C FO R TH E W ESTE RN DI STRI T O F V I G I I C R N A RO AN O K E D I SI N VI O W I ER JER O M E K NI H T, LM G JULK BY; CL ERK PU E K C A SE N O .7: 2C V 00337 1 Pl ntff ai i , M EM O M ND U M O PI O N NI M R. VANOVER, & , c By:Gln E. nr d e Co a C hi fU nie St t D i t c Judge e t d a es s ri t Dee fndants. t) W imerJe omeKni ht aVigi ai aepr ce ng pr K ,fld t scvi rg sa ton l r g , r ni nm t o edi o ie hi i l i ht c i purua t 42U. C.j1983,algi t tt dee ntprs ofi asdeprvedhi of s nt o S. le ng ha he fnda ion tcil i m pe s r onalpr r y iem s i vi a i ofhi c tt t o lr g s U pon r vi w oft r co d, he ope t t , n ol ton s ons iu i na i ht . e e he e r t c ts our ummaiydimis st aci unde 28U. C.j 1 5 b)1 asl lya fcual rl s se he ton r S. 91 A( ( ) egal nd a t ly f i ous r vol . I Kni htal est f l ng f c sr e ntt hi cli . he Vigi aDe rme of g leg he olowi a t elva o s a ms lW n r ni pa t nt Core tons(I rci : VDOC')ofi il tanse rdKni fom Suse lStt Prs t Re Oni ' tcas r fre ght r s x ae ion o d on St t Prs i A prl2011 t R e Oni pe s nalpr r y ofi er M uli , e e ve a l r a e i on n i , he d on r o ope t tc , lns r c i d a ge box co a ni K ni ' pe s nt i ng ghts r onalpr pe t ie s M uli de i r d onl ha foft e pr pe t o ry tm . lns lve e y l hes o ry ie st Kni . M uli c i c t d K ni ' c ort e s on a a pt ,val d a a t t lof tm o ght lns onf s a e ght s ol el vi i nd da or ue t o a $1 . a hea Kni htsgne a c ic ton f 5174, nd nd g i d onfs a i onn. W he M uli a ke Kni htho he n lns s d g w wa e t dipos oft spr ry,Kni ga M uli hi mot rsa es a a f nt d o s e hi ope t ght ve lns s he ' ddr s nd onn a horznga mone or rf posa Kni hta lgest tM uli di notm a lt iemst ut i i y de or t ge. g le ha lns d i he t o Kni t s m ot ra i t u t d and di notr t . t m t K ni . M uli al o t d Kni htt t gh ' he s ns r c e d e ul he o n ght lns s ol g ha hi c i ca ed c m i s y iem s w o d be pl c d i s or ge untlKni ht s hous ng s a us s onf s t om s ar t ul ae n t a i g ' i tt ' K ni ht salega i ar s t ed amongt f l i s i i he olow ng ubm ssons: ECF N o. 1,15,a 1 g ' l tons e cater nd 6. c ng W hie Kni w asco i d a a he prs f c lt f s x m o hs ho e r t ha ed. l ght nfne t not r i on a iiy or i nt , w ve , he de e ntofi e swhoha c t ofKni htsso ed pr pe t ie sa Red Oni l tor f nda fc r d usody g ' tr o ry t m t on, os desr toyed t m wihouta a ho i ton by K ni htorby pr s n polcy. Kni ha be n t a e he t ny ut r za i g io i ght s e m bl t ob a n r i blr e e orr pl c m e sf t s ie st ough t prs greva o t i e m z s m nt e a e nt or he e t m hr he i on i nce pr edur s. oc e 11 Thi c ti r qui e t di m i s a a ton orc ai fl by a pr s r a ns a s our s e r d o s s ny c i l m ied i one gai t gove m e ale iy orofi e i t a ton orc a m i f i ous m alci ,o f ist s a e a m nt ntt t c r f he c i l i s rvol , i ous r a l o t t cam o wh c rle ma b g a td 28U. C. 1 5 b () Tosaeacam i a yf d rl li n ih eif y e r ne . S. j 91 A() 1. tt li n n e ea ci la ton,t pli ifstm a t lalegainsmus bee vi ci he antf l cua l to t nought r iearghtt rle above o as i o eif t s c ai lve , t onet ti é a i eon isf c ' r t t n m e el çc ei bl ' he pe ul tve e l' o ' ha s t usbl pl t a e, aher ha ' r y lonc va e. ' Bel l Co v. mb y 5 0U. 5 4 5 0( 0 7 .A plitf saig acam t e j1 3 lAt. p. Two l , 5 S. 4 , 7 2 0 ) anif ttn li md r 98 m us e tbls t thehasbee de i d ofrght gua an ee by t Consiuton o l wsoft t sa ih ha n prve i s r t d he tt i r a he Unie Stt a t tt sde i to r s td fom c t d a es nd ha hi prvai n e ule r onduc c t omm itd by ape s a i unde te r on ctng r col ofsaelw.W e tv. ki , U. 42( 988) or tt a s At ns 487 S. 1 . dl j r al sofpr ryi oc i dbyar ndom, ut ie ac by asae tW hee os opet s casone a una horz d t tt e oye r t rt n by an e t bls d sa epr edur ,t sae c nnotpr di twhe t l s mpl e, a he ha sa ihe tt oc e he t t a e c n he os wiloc lr't eor çi ame ni ulpos- prvai rmedyf guc a l si avalbl,' l cz' herf e,lf a ngf ; tde i ton e or s h l os s ia e' t i a e ha no cons iu i na due pr s cl i ,r ga dl s ofw he he t e pl yee' a tons he nm t s tt t o l oce s a m e r e s t r he m o s c i weeitntona ort r ulofneglg nc Huds v.Pal , U. 51 53 33 ( 98 . r ne i l he es t ie e. on mer468 S. 7, 2- 1 4) The Vi gi a Tor Cl i sA c a V igi a t r l w pr de a ua e pos - prva i r m edi r ni t am t nd r ni o t a ovi deq t t de i ton e es f neglge ori e i t ongf acs' om mit by sa eempl es Se W a m sv. or i nt nt ntonal t wr ul t'c ted tt oye . e dhn Pr unir 772F. 75,78( h Ci.1 .Knihtalgest tt deenda ofi er,n oc e, 2d 4t r 985) g le ha he f nt tc s i vi ai ofprs polc a hi own i tu tons de toyedorl tt c i caedpr pe t ol ton ion i y nd s nsr c i , sr os he onts t o ry ie s Suc an una hor z de i ton ofpr r y f l s r y t de Huds s a. tm . h ut i ed prva i ope t als qua el m r on, upr l muc asKni posese t te disunde Vigi asaelw,seVa.CodeAnn.j8. nas h ght s s s or rme e r r ni tt a e 01 1 3, c l o pr vai i a c tt i lcl m f t alege pr t l s i t sc e. 95. he a m t e l n onsiutona ai or he l d opery os n hi as Kni talo ale st tde i ton ofhi pr pe t vi a e hi rght unde t Ei ht gh s l ge ha prva i s o ry olt d s i s r he g h Am e ndm e , hi h pr bis c e a t us puni hm en s To sa e an Ei h Am e nt w c ohi t nz l nd m ual s t. tt ght ndm e nt cli t tgua ds'a tonsunc tt i lypunihe hi ,a i aem us s am ha r ci onsiutona l s d m n nm t t how t thes f r ha ufe ed a de i ton ofbas c hum a ne d was s fc e l s i a t tpr s ofi i sa t d w ih prva i i n e uf i i nty erous nd ha i on tc al c e t û ul bl sa e ofm i 'wih r gar t t tde i t o See W is v.Se t r 501 U . 294,298 t pa e t t c nd' t e d o ha prva i n. l on ie , S. ( 991.AlhoughKni alge t ts frdmentla e tonalsr sa trt l sofhi 1 ) t ght le s ha ufee a nd moi tes fe he os s pr ry ie s he f is t s a e a f t de o t a i t tt l s c tt e a s r ous ope t t m , a l o t t ny ac s m nsr tng ha he os onsiut d e i de i ton ofaba i huma nee s a t vi aet c tt i prva i sc n d o s o ol t he onsiuton. Fort r s nssatd, g f ist al ge f t sa i a pl usbl consiutonal he ea o t e Kni ht al o le ac s ttng ny a i e tt i cam rltdt t l sofhi pr ry.Ac or ngy,t c ur dimis sKnihtsj 1 li eae o he os s ope t c di l he o t s s e g ' 983 co aitwiho prj c puruan t j1 A( ( ) a l ly a f mpl n t ut eudie, s t o 915 b)1, s egal nd adualyfi ous. l rvol Fu te mo e t c u t e l e t e ecs s p e na j rs it n o ra yp s il r ltd rh r r ,he o r d ci s o x r ie u plme t lu idci ve n o sb e eae n o cli unde saelw,purua t 28U. C.j1 a dimis sa1 s h cai wiho am r tt a s nt o S. 367, nd s s e 1 uc l ms t ut p eu ie Ana p o raeo d rwilsu ti d y.TheClr i drce t s n c piso ti rj d c . p r p it r e l is e h s a ek s ie td o e d o e f h s me oa m r ndum opi on a a c pa ng o de t pl ntf . ni nd c om nyi r r o ai if EN TER : Thi l '7 da ofOcobe , 2. s Z 14 y i t r 201 (, ). )f. , - t k . j 1-*. . Chi fU nie St t sD it i tJ e t d a e s rc udge 3