Spears v. Jones, No. 7:2012cv00296 - Document 4 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 7/9/2012. (tvt)
Download PDF
CL :OFFI U. , 3T. ERK' CE : DI CIUW ATM NVI E. LL VA FI 9 - I TH E U N I N TED STA TES D I STR I C OU R T CT FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STRI O F V I G I I CT R N A R O AN O K E D IVISIO N JO SH UA SPEA R S, Pl ntf ai if, N A TAL I JO NE S. E D ef endant . ) ) ) J ) ) ) J I UL A BK #e GQt a * L C i lA cton N o.7:12- 00296 vi i cv- M EM OM NDUM OPI O N NI By: H on.Jac on L .K i e ks sr Seni U ni St or ted atesD i ri tJudge st c ie vi i ht ompl i ant J hua Spe r ,a Vi gi a i a e pr e i p o K ,fl d aci lrg sc os as r ni nm t oc ed ng r . p ru n t 4 U. C. 1 8 wi j rs it nv se i 2 U. C. 1 4 .Plitf n me u s a t o 2 S. # 9 3 t u idci e td n 8 S. j 3 3 anif a s h o Naai J s a a nitaora t Dufi dRe onalJ i Cûal',ast s edee t Thi tle one , n dmi srt t he fel gi al J i' ) he ol fndan. s matri be o emefrs reni purua t 28U. C.j1915A.Afe rviwi pl nifs te s f r o ce ng, s nt o S. tr e e ng aitf s b si n , d s s t ec mp ant to t rj dc a fio o . u miso s 1 imis h o li wi u p eu ie s rv lus h TheCicui Cour ofW ie Cou y s ntnce pe ii ron Fe u y 1 201 t sx r t t s nt e e d ttone br ar 5, 2, o i m ont a tve i ar e a i f as a ta ba t r a f r e c pi c t hs' c i nc c r ton or s ul nd te y nd o s a ng us ody, t c a s6 bo h l j f l e . Pl i ifal o a l gest tt Ci c tCo tofSc t Co t s nt nc pe ii ne o a e oni s l a ntf s le ha he r ui ur o t un y è e ed tto r n n t pecfed dae t a uns cii tr ofi r e a i f an u pec fe conviton.Bot ms ii t o n pe tc e m nca c r ton or ns ii d ci h Cic tCoursor e pl i ift pa tcpaei t J i' wor r l s pr a . De e nt r ui t der d antf o rii t n he a ls k e ea e ogr m z f nda a i s e st J i ' wor r l s pr a ,buts ha notalow ed pl ntf t pa tc pa e i t dm ni t r he a ls k e ea e ogr m he s l ai if o r i i t n he w o k r ea e pr a . Pl ntf a ksm e t o de de e ntt alow hi t pa tc pat i t r el s ogr m ai if s o r r f nda o l m o ri i e n he Jai' w or r ease pr l s k el ogram . 1Pl ntf wass ntnc t t oyea s i r ertonf rea s ntnc ,t r n c ai if e e ed o w r ' nca c ai o ch e e e o u oncurenty,butt Cic tCou t r l he r ui r s s n e a1 tsx- nh 'i .S el ReKarn Ca a Brah sCo s lLii , 3 F. u . d61 , 313 upe d d Ibu i mo ts t me e n tia n l e c e n o. ta.5 3 S jp 2 5 6 -3 & n 1 -5( D. . 0 )(ol ci c s sidctn ta fd rl o rsma tk j dca n tc o g v rme tl n.4 1 E. La 20 8 c l t ae n iaig h t e ea c u t y a e u iil ole f o en na e ng we i s icu n c u te o d l Wil msv Lo x 5 5F. p 2c6 9 6 6 8 & n4( Md. 0 )(olcig bst ,n ldig o r rc r s; li . n , 8 Su p. 1 7 , 8 - 3 . D. 2 08 c l t e a e n c s sid c tn t a po tn so go e n n we i sa eih r n l a t e tco s l- u h n i ai ) a e n ia ig h t sig n v r me t bst r n e e ty u h n i r efa t e tc t . e ng 2<w or r e e i a s ci' pr a . . . . g alp r t terlaeo aq lf dp io e t woka hsrg lr o s k el as s pe tc ogr m i t t emi h ee s f uaii rs n r o r t i e ua j b h s e a t h fee t rt nt t c rctona f ciiya teconcl i ofe h wor perod. prs rea shi s houg r , o eur o he ore i l a lt t h uson ac k i The ione m s r ulrpa f om whi h he i as e s f rhi mai t na a t c r tona f ciiy.' M a v.Com m o e t 1 eg a y, r c s s s ed o s n e nce t he or ec i l a lt ' be nw a1h, 4 Va Ap 43 , 42 4l S E.d 8 9 9 0 ( . . p.1 9 ) . p. 9 4 , 7 . 2 9 , 0 Va Ct Ap 9 2 . 1m us dim isa a to orcai tld by a i t i Ide e mi t tt aci n or t s s ny c i n l m ie n nma e f t r ne ha he to c ai i f i ous orf is t s a e a c a m o whi h r le m a be gr nt Se 28 U . C. l m s r vol al o tt li n c e if y a ed. e S. jj 1 5()2) 1 5 b)1 ; U. C.j 1 9l e( , 91 A( ( ) 42 S. 997e() Thefrtsa r i udescli bas c. is tnda d nel ams ed upon û n i s abl m e il sl lt or '( ai sofi rnge e ofa l li e es whih û ndiput y rtes ega he y,'t m a cl nfi m nt ega nt r t c c ea l doesnote s ,' cl i s whe e t l ac ualc e i a e c e r y bas l s . N e t v. l ry xi t' or a m r he ' t f ont ntons r l a l e e s ' izke ' W ila ,490U. 31 327( 989) Alho hIlbealy c tuepr K c ans Hane v. lims S. 9, 1 . t ug i r l onsr o omplit, i s Ke ne,404U. 51 520- ( 972) 1donotac ast i t sa r r S. 9, 21 1 , t he nmae' dvocae,s s nt t ua po e de l pi s a ut y and c tt i ve o ng t t or ons iutonalc ai s t i a e f l t c e r y r s on t f c oft l m he nm t aied o l a l ai e he a e he c ant Se Br kv.Car l 107F. 241 243( h Ci.1 ( tg, , uri ; ompli . e oc rol, 3d , 4t r 997) Luti J.conc rngl Be udetv, t ofHa on, F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1 .Se aloGo donv.Le ke, a t Civ mpt 775 2d 274, 278 4t r 985) e s r e 57 F. 11 11 ( hCi.1 (e og zngt taditi c ti note ce t asume 4 2d 47, 51 4t r 978) rc nii ha srct our s xpe td o s t r e ofa he ol dvoc t f a nr K plitf a e or o anit ). . Pli ifar ue t def nda ' de a t alow pl n ift pa tci t i t J i' wor antf g s hat e nts nil o l aitf o ri pa e n he a ls k r l a e pr a vi a e due pr ce s The Fou t nt A m e m e pr bis a St t f om e e s ogr m ol t s o s. r ee h nd nt ohi t ae r de i ng a i a e oflbe t w ihoutdue pr es ofl w . A pe s l esa s g fca i t r s i prvi n nm t i ry t oc s a r on os i nii nt n e e t n lbery whe lwf l con c e and i ioned,a t ma i t n a uly vit d mprs nd he nage mentofaprs r s ione ' c i me i s j c t t br ddicei oft j ie .Ga t v. vl ,946F. 3 343 ontne nt s ub e t o he oa srton he alr son Ta or 2d 40, ( hCi.1 1 (nba .To s t de i tonofalbe t i ee tplitf mus s w 4t r 99 ) e ne) how he prvai i ry ntrs, anif t ho eihe t tt i pos d condii e e t i pos d s nt nce i s h a une c e m mm e as t r ha he m e ton xc eds he m e e e n uc n xpe t d r t gi r s t pr ecton by t D ue Pr o ve i e o ot i he ocessCl e ofis ow n force ort t i posed aus t hat he m c ton c ea e a a ypi lors gnii a ha ds p a t tt s a e has g a e is i a e , by ondii r t s n t ca i f c nt r hi nd ha he t t r nt d t nm t s r a i orby s a ut a pr e t d lbe t i e e ti r m a ni f e f om t tc ton. Sandi egul ton t t e, ot c e i r y nt r s n e i ng r e r ha ondii n v.Conner 51 U. 472,483- ( 995 . , 5 S. 84 1 ) Pli ifi pr s nty i r r t d a t J i f rc mitngf l e ,a he c antf s e e l nca ce a e t he a l o om ti eoni s nd ompl i ans t tde e ha f ndantw ilnota horze hi f r wor r e e de pie t Ci c tCour s or r . A l ut i m o k el as s t he r ui t ' de s c r ui c tm a r i c t our y eque ta c s onvi t f l be a s g t a w or r ea e pr a ,buta r gi l c ed e on s i ned o k el s ogr m e ona j i' a nitaor notas ntncngc qha t a hort t asi t f ont awor rla e als dmi srt , e e i our s he ut iy o sgn he el o k ee s pr a VA.CODE jj53.- D) 53.- 31A) ogrm. 120( , 1 1 ( .Thus Vigni lw doesnotpr depl ntf a , ri a a ovi ai if c tt i lypr eced lbe t i er s i wor r l s ,a ûhe ei not ng a y ca a onsiutonal ot t i ry nt e t n k eea e nd t r s hi t pi l bout t p io e sb i d ne p r sint la j ii ode t wo k' th nv. h w, 8 F.d rs n r eng e id emiso o e ve aln r r o r . c e Ups a 2 6 3 'Ki 1 1 87( hCi.2002) Ac di y, antf doe nothavealbet i ees t pa tcpae 79, 86- 4t r . cor ngl pli if s i ry ntr t o rii t i t wo kr la ep o rm, ndt ec mpan i d s se wih u prj dc a fioo sf r n he r ee s r g a a h o lit s imis d to t eu ie s rv lu o pu s ngame ils l lt or 3 Se M elea v. td Stt ,5 F. 391 3 ( h Ci. rui rte s ega he y. e w n Unie aes 66 3d , 99 4t r 2009)( s s aswihoutprj c f fi ous s s dnotbee mptdfom 28U. C. dimis l t eudie or rvol ne s houl xe e r S. j 1 g). 915( ) The Cl r i di e t d t s nd e e oft sM e or nd O pi on a t a om pa ng e k s r c e o e opi s hi m a um ni nd he ce nyi Or ert pl ntf . d o ai if ENTER :Thi = s da ofJ y, 2. y ul 201 Seni rUnied St esD i t ctJ t at sri udge 3To t e e pl i t f a ks f a wrtofm a m us IIc t j rs c int r q iedee d n t c mp ywi a he xt nt a n if s or i nda , a k he u idito o e u r f n a t o o l t h Vigi acour' o der Gure v.Supe i Cour ofM e e g Cnt z,41 F.d 5 6 58 ( t Ci.1 6 ) r ni ts r . lv ror t cklnbur y 1 2 8 , 7 4h r 9 9 .