Breeden v. Aylor et al, No. 7:2012cv00283 - Document 3 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 7/3/2012. (tvt)
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CLEKK' A re t.s. , oees l >% e@ur T O NVI VA LLE, . F ! ) I TH E U NI N TED STA TES DI STRI T C O U R T C FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI T O F V I G I A C R NI R O AN O K E DIVISIO N JU J Ut BK TIM O TH Y M ICH A EL BR EED EN , Pl ntf , ai if C i lA cton N o.7: cvvi i 12- 00283 V. M EM O R AN D U M O PIN I N O GLEN AYLOR,!A , # By: D LEY D ef endant s. H on. ls L . i e Jac t on K s r Seni U ni ed St esD i t ctJudge . or t at s ri Ti ot M i m hy chaelBreeden,a V igi a i at pr r ni nm e oceedi pr K ,fl d a ci lrght ng o ie vi i s . c mpan p ru n t 4 U. C. 1 3wihj rs ito v se i 28U. C. 1 43 Plitf o lit u s a t o 2 S. j 98 t u idcin e td n S. j 3 . anif na sa dee nt Gl Ayl ,Supei e ntoft Ce talVigi aRe onalJ i (kal'; me s fnda s en or rntnde he nr r ni gi al $ i' J ) D r Clhon She t , he J i ' doc or A m a Pit t J i ' Super s ng N ur e;a P.Gr es a . i e s t a ls t ; nda t , he a ls vi i s nd ym , Jic a l ouns l r Pl i ifalege t tde e nt c us cnz la unus lpuni hm enti vi a i e o . a ntf l s ha f nda s a ed e nd ua s n ol ton oft Ei h Am endm ent Thi m ateri bef e m e f s eeni purs he ght . s t s or or cr ng, uantt 28 U . C . o S. j 1 5 Afe rv e n pli tf' s b sin , ds s tec mp an wih u p eu ief r 91 A. tr e iwig anifs u miso s I imis h o lit t o t rj dc o f ii t sat a c a m upon w hi h r le m a be gr nt d. a lng o t e l i c e if y a e Plitf alg st ef l wi f ds Pli t fwa i amao c ra cd n o M a 3 , an if le e h ol ng a . ani s n j r a c ie t n y 0 o f 2010, ha ca e abr n lg.M e c sa fa t Uni st ofVig ni M edialCe e t t us d oke e di al t f t he veriy ri a c nt r (l- pia')pl e r ands rwsi t 1 andcea dhi wounds Pl ntf be nphysc t l tl' ac d ods los ce n he eg l ne s . ai if ga ial t a a t H os t lon J 2, 0, l a ne t ge i a outofbed,go up a dow n her py t he pia une 201 and e r d o t n nd nd sa r ,a us ahandi pped, ova et lt Pli ifr eve am o phi d i , Per t is nd e ca m bl oie . antf ec i d r ne rp cocet and , O xyc odone t tea pa n. The H os t ldi c r d pl i ifon J 4, 0, butpr dedhi a or t i pia s ha ge a ntf une 201 ovi m n i hom e nur e t check hi w ounds and bandagest preventi ecton and f . ns o s o nf i ever ' Fl nnaCount polc ofi e ss r pl i ifwih as m onst a uva y i e fc r e ved antf t um o ppea a t r t he Fl uvanna Count Gene alD i ti tCo ton J 1 201 f a l ged vi a i o bond a y r s r c ur une 5, 0, or le ol tons f nd pr ba i n co tons Pl i i fw ast ke i t c t y a t he r ng,t c tc ac ed o t o ndii . a ntf a n n o us od t he a i he our ont t def nda A yl ,a A yl a tnned t tt J i' m e ca s af c d t e pl i if s m e c l e nt or nd or fi ha he a ls di l t f oul r at a ntf di a needs. Pl i ifa ve a t J i on J 1 201 a w a pl ce i t m a m um - e urt a ntf ni d t he a l une 5, 0, nd s a d n he xi s c iy m e ca uni. Pl ntf s i hom e nur e t d i he m e c ls a f' ha pl i i fwoul ne d t g t di l t ai i f ns ol t t di a t f t t a ntf d e o o o a e r e c r o i t eij r dlgb c merd e . n me g n y o m f h n u e e e a e d r D r She t m e pl ntf on J y 8 201 e m i pl i i f sl g,a t d pl i ift ti . e s t ai i f ul , 0, xa ned a ntf ' e nd ol a ntf ha t Cl d good. D r Shee spr c i s ve a di f r nta i otc a advi e pl i ift s k tooke ' . ' t es r bed e r l f e e ntbi i s nd s d a ntf o oa t wound i w a m w a e and a y a hotco p e st i. he n r tr ppl m rs o t On J y 9,201 J i s a ft a po t d pl i ift t H os t f a f l up ul 0, a l t f r ns r e a ntf o he pial or olow a nt nt Pl i ifas d t Hos t ' doc ort e mi t l be aus ofe r itng ppoi me . antf ke he pials t o xa ne he eg c e xc uca i pan. Thedoc orc l f a orhopedi doc or who s ez d pusfom t l and dee m i d i t aled or n t c t , que e r he eg tr ne t 1 g wa ba y i eced a nee e e ge y s ge y. antf r ei d s ge yt ne he e s dl nf t nd ded m r nc ur r Pl i if ec ve ur r he xt day. Gr e pus d pl i ifi o ar ni s ym s he antf nt un ng howe a a t s cii d da e, t Hos t r t n m pe fe t but he pial docors i t notge t 1 g s i we .Gr t ad o t he e plnt t ymesalor f edt gi pl ntf gre nc f r s s e us o ve ai if i va e o m . Pl ntf a guest tde enda s w e e de i r t y i fer ntt pl i if s s i m e ca ai i f r ha f nt r lbe a el ndi f e o a ntf ' erous di l nee br a d t dut ofc r owe t pli if a vi a e t Vigi aCo tt i . d, e che he y ae d o antf , nd olt d he r ni nsiuton Pli tf r que t de a aor r i a $ 000 i da es a n if e ss clr t y elef nd 240, n mag . Im ustdi m i any acton orcl m tl by an i at i ldet m i t t acton or s ss i ai i ed nm e f er ne hat he i cl i i f i ousorf l t s a e a cl i on whi h r i m a be gr nt d. Se 28 U . C . a m s r vol ais o t t am c elef y a e e S. jj1 5()2) 1 5 b) 1;42U. C.j1 () Thefrtsandadi l scai ba e 91 e( , 91 A( ( ) S. 997ec . is t r ncude l ms s d upon ( n i s a y m e il sl ga t or ' t l i sofi r nge e ofa l ga i e e twhi h t ndi put bl a r tes e l he y, t a m 'c nf i m nt e l nt r s c c e ry doe no e s ,'o cl m sw he e t (f c ualco e i a e cl ary ba e es .'N e t v. lal s t xit' r ai r he ûa t nt ntons r e l s l s ' izke W ila ,490U. 31 327( 98 .Thes c sa r i t fmiirsandadf amotont lims S. 9, 1 9) e ond tndad s he n la t r or i o dimisunde Fe a Rul ofCi lPr e e 1 b)6 , c tng apli ifsfcua aleg tons s s r derl e vi oc dur 2( ( ) ac epi antf a t l l ai a t u A c pl ntnee ka s ta pl i s a e e oft c a m s i t tt pl de i s r e. om ai ds & hor nd a n t t m nt he l i how ng ha he ea r s e il t rle 'a s fce tgla t lal tons...or iearghtt r lefa t ntted o eif nd ufiinttt cua legai t as i o ei bove he s e uaielv l..' l At. r . . mbv 5 0U. 5 4 5 5( 0 )(nen l u tto p c ltv e e. . l l Co p v Two l, 5 S. 4 , 5 2 07 itr a q oain 'Be maksomit ) A plitf sbassfrr lefte rsmor t nlbel a co usons ...'I r ted . anif i o ei t quie r e ha a s nd ncl i . ' d. Theeor ,apli ifmus C l f t s fce tt saealt elme sofghe cli ' Ba s rf e antf t t ege acs ufiin o tt l he e nt t l am.' s al v.E..DupontdeNe s& Co.324F. 761 765( h Ci.2003) l mour , 3d , 4t r . D e e m i ng w he he a c pl i s a e a pl usbl c a m f r i i ( c e - pe ii t r ni t r om a nt t t s a i e l i or elef s ; ont xt s c fc a ts t tr uiest rviwi c tt drw onisj cale inc a c ak ha eq r he e e ng our o a t udii xpere e nd ommons e. ens ' ' As r t l l 556U. 662,678- ( hcof v. qba, S. 79 2009) Thus ac ts reni ac an unde Rul . , our ce ng omplit r e 1 b)6)c n i ntf pla ngst taeno e il t a asumpton oftuhbe a et y 2( ( a de iy e di ha r t ntted o n s i r t c us he c i tofno m or t n l be s a c l i ns I A lhoug 1lbe a l c t ue pr K ons s e ha a l nd onc us o . d. t h i r ly onsr o . compli s Hanesv.Kenwr 404U. 51 520- ( 972) 1donota ta t i t s ant, i , S. 9, 21 1 , c s he nmae' ad a e s s e de opi s a ut y a c tt i lc ai st i a e f ie t cl a l voc t , ua pont vel ng t t or nd ons iutona l m he nm t a l d o e r y r s on t f oft com pl nt. See Br v. Car l 1 F.d241 243( hCi.1 ai e he ace he ai ock rol, 07 3 , 4t r 997) ( tg,J,c uni ;Be udet v.Ciy ofHa t 775F. 1 1 ( hCi.1 5) Sç Luti . onc ng) a t t mpon, 2d 274, 278 4t r 98 . e as Go d nv. e , 7 F.d 1 4 11 1(t Ci. 9 8 (e o nzn t tadsrc c u ts lo r o Le ke 5 4 2 1 7, 5 4 h r 1 7 ) rc g iig ha itit o r i note ce t a s t r eofadvoc t f apr x pli ig. xpe td o sume he ol ae or o antf Tosaeacl m underj1 3, plitf mus algethevi ai ofarg s urdby tt ai 98 a anif t le t olton t iht ec e t Cons iuton a l w soft U nie St t s a m us s he tt i nd a he t d a e , nd t how t tt a l ed de i ton w a ha he leg prva i s commitdbyaperon a tngunde c orofsaelw. W es v.At ns 487U. 42,48( 988 . te s ci r ol tt a ' ' t ki , S. 1 ) A pl ntf m us s ai i f t how t ta def nda a t d w ih delbe a e i f e e e t a s rousm edi a ha e nt c e t i r t ndif r nc o e i cl nee t s a e a c ai unde t Ei h A m e m e f t unco tt i d o tt l m r he ght nd nt or he ns iutonalde alofm e ca ni di l asitnc Esel v. ssa e. tle Gambl 429U. 97,1 4(1 6) Dei r t i ferncerquie asae e, S. 0 97 . lbe ae ndif e e r s tt ac ort have bee pe s ly a a e off c si i a i a s t ntalr s of s r ousha a t t o n r ona l w r a t nd c tng ubs a i i k ei nu, nd he ac orm us ha ac ualy r c ni ed t exi t nc ofs h a r s Fa m e v.Br r a 511U , t t ve t l e og z he se e uc i k. r r e m n, S. 825,838( 994) tq i rt i fee ema bede 1 . dl beae ndifrnc y lel monsrtdbyeihera t i en or tae t cualnt t rc e sdir gad. M ite v.Be n,896F. 848,851( h Ci.1 .A he t c r pr de e kls se r ' lir ' or 2d 4t r 990) alh ae ovi r m a be d i a e y i f er ntw he t t e t e pr de i s gr s y i om pe e , y elber t l ndif e n he r a m nt ovi d s o os l nc t nt i deq t o e s i ast s k t c ce eori i ol a e t fm da a f ines .L us na uae, r xce sve o hoc he ons inc s nt er bl o t mentl ar s d - a 851.Se Pars e r .Le v.Clvea 372F. 294,303( h Ci. 4)(çT) evi nc t e rih x el e e lnd, 3d 4t r 200 ( he de e ( mus s t tt ofkili queto s j tveyr ogniedt thi aci wee t how ha he t a n sin ubeci l ec z ha s tons r i ppr it i lg oft trs '.A me c lne ds ro e na oprae n iht ha ik.) ' dia e eius nought gi rs t a o ve ie o c tt i na cl m i vesac ton t tpl c t i ae a a s t nta rs ofs rous onsiuto l ai nvol ondii ha a es he nm t t ubsa il ik e i hr m ,s h a l s oflf orpe m a n di a lt ora co t o f rw hi h l c o t e t e uc s os ie r ne t s biiy, ndii n o c a k f r a m nt pepeuaessveepan.Sos be v. ur 797F. 1 9,1 - (t Ci.1 6) r t t e r i e e M phv, 2d 7 8183 4h r 98 . Pl i tf f l t s a e a cl m aga ns a de e nt Pl i i fdoe note a n ho a n if ais o t t ai i t ny f nda . a ntf s xpl i w A yl , r n, t,or Gr e w e e pe s l aw a e off c s i c tng a s t nta r s of or D yde Pit ym s r r onaly r a t ndi a i ubs a i l i k s r ousha m orac ualy r c ni ed t e s e e ofs h a r s . Se M ite ,896 F. a 854 ei r t l e og z he xi t nc uc i k e li r 2d t ( ci ngdei r t i fee efrnon- di lpe s ) Pl ntf a us sAyl ofl ng desrbi lbe ae ndifrnc o me ca ronnel. ai if cc e or yi t t dit i tc ton J m e 15, 0, s yi t tt J ls m edi als a fc d t e tpl i if s o he s rc our t 201 by a ng ha he ai' c t f oul r a a ntf ' lg.Thi algai i notas fce ba i f aj1983cam a t te t nther eve a e s le ton s ufiint ss or li bout he rame ec i d t t J i be we n J 1 a J y 9, 0.Pl ntf sonl o he cai a i tAyl i he a l t e une 5 nd ul 201 ai if y t r l m gans or s rs nde ts ror whihi no a a tona evi j1 e po a upei , c s t n ci bl a 983.M onelv. p' ofSoc Sevs, l De t . r .436 U. 658 663n. ( ) S. , 7 1978 . Pli tf acc a n if lnowl st tDr She t e ua e pl i ifsl onJ y 8,201 Dr edge ha . e s val t d antf eg ul 0. . She t di e s agnos d t l a t ooki good'butnonehee spr s rbe a i otc a e he eg s û ng l ' t ls e c i d ntbi i s nd r co me d wa m wa e a a war c e m nde r t r nd m ompr s .Pl ntf f ist des rbehow Dr She s e s ai if a l o c i . et s bjci yrcogni dt tprs i nga i otc a awam c e sa wae wer gr sy u e tvel e ze ha ecrbi ntbi is nd r omprs nd tr e osl i m pe e t i de t ore e s ve t e t e sast s k t co c e e. The f tt tt nco t n , na qua e, xc s i r a m nt o hoc he ns i nc ac ha he Hos t l sdoc or wa ed s ge y t t e tt i e ton pr s nt a di a e m e a ong m e c l pia ' t s nt ur r o r a he nf c i e e s s gr e nt m di a pr f sonal . Cl m sofm e c lm al a tce a ne i ntdi nos sa e notc za e i a o es i s ai di a pr c i nd glge ag i r ogni bl n j 1 pr ce di Esel,429U. a 1 06.Se Sosbee 797F. a 1 J onv. 983 o e ng. tle S. t 05e e , 2d t 81; ohns Qui nes 1 F. 1 1 69( h Ci.1 ( i t tte tngdocor mus acualydrw no , 45 3d 64, 68- 4t r 998) notng ha rai t s t t l a t i e e e t ta i a e' s m pt s s g f t pr enc of a pa tc a condii a t ta he nf r nc ha n nm t s y om i ni y he es e r i ul r ton nd ha f l e t dr w s h a i er nc m a pr s nta c ai f neglgenc butnota c a m unde t aiur o a uc n nf e e y e e l m or i e, li r he Ei t Ame me ) Pl ntf sdia e me wihhow Dr She t di nos dorteaedt l ghh nd nt. ai if s gre nt t . es ag e r t he eg doe no saeaj1 cl m.W rc v.Coli , F. 841 849( hCi.1 ) Rusel s t tt 983 ai iht lns 766 2d , 4t r 985 ; slv. Shefr 5 F. 318,31 ( h Ci.1 ( rc im) fe , 28 2d 9 4t r 975) pe ura . Pl i i fa s f i st s a e a c a m a ns Gr e a a ntf l o a l o t t l i gai t ym s boutw ihhol ng J i gre nc t di a l i va e f m s. Pl ntf doesnothave a cons iutonalr ghtt access a grevance sys em . Ada sv. or ai if tt i i o i t m Rie,40F.d 72,7 (t Ci.l .Pl ntf f ist esa ih a de a ofa ce st c t c 3 4 4h r 994) ai if al o tbls ny nil c s o ours fom notr c vi g ivanc fr .Se e. ,Le sv.Ca e 518U. 343,351(1 ) r e ei ng re e o ms e, c. wi s v, S. 996 (e u rn a ij r t l i to f ra a c s t c rscam) rq iig n nu y o i gai n o n c e s o ou t li . t 11. 1 Fo t ef rg i ra o , d s s t ec mplitwi o tp eudc f rfii t saea r h o e ong e s ns l imis h o an t u rj ie o al o tt h ng cli uponwhihr ifma beg a ed, s ntt 28U. C.j1 5A( ( ) lde i t am c ele y r nt purua o S. 91 b)1 . clne o e ries p lme t lt idcin o ra ysaelw cam rltdt t alg to si t e xecs u p e na jz s ito ve n tt a li eae o he l ai n n h r e co ai , s ntt 28U. C.j1 ( . mpl ntpurua o S. 367c) The Cl r i diec ed t s nd c esoft sM e or ndlm Opi on and t ac m pa ng e k s r t o e opi hi m a l ni he co nyi O r t pl ntf der o ai if. E TRTi N E :h dy=ae21. aoJ l 02 f-j . m / Se ' U nie St t D i r c J or t d a es s i t udge 6