Saunders v. UnKnown, No. 7:2012cv00273 - Document 2 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 6/27/2012. (tvt)
Download PDF
CLERK' OFFI U.S.DI COURT S CE ST. AT ROANOKE,VA FI LED I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STR I T O F V I G I I C R N A RO A N O K E DI I O N V SI DA VA Y O N SAUN D ER S, J 2ï 2 1 UN 22 JULI A BY; CA SE N O .7: 12CV 00273 Pe ii ner tt o , V. M EM O M N D UM O PI O N NI UN K N O W N , By: G l n E.Conr e ad Chi U nied St esD i ri Judge ef t at st ct Respondent . Da vayon Sa unde s aVigi ai t pr e di pr K , ie t speii f a wrtof r , r ni nma e oc e ng o fld hi tton or i h b a c r us p ru n t 2 U.. j2 5 c aln igtej g n o t eRo no Ci a e s o p , u s a t o 8 SC. 2 4, h le gn h ud me t f h a ke t y Cic tCour unde w hi he s a c c e ofr bber a us ofa fr r i t com m i s o r ui t r ch t nds onvi t d o y nd e ien m n he sin ofr r a s ntnc d t s venyea si prs n.Upon r viw oft r cor t co t obbe y nd e e e o e r n io e e he e d, he ur c n ld st th p t inmu tb s mmaiyds s e wih u p eudc frfi r t e ha s o cu e ha te ei o s e u rl imis d t o t rj ie o al e o x u t t u sa ec t eme e . tt our r dis Un e 2 U. C. 2 4 1 af d rlc u t n n t r n ah be sp tt nune st e d r 8 S. j 25 49, e ea o r c n o g a t a a eii ls h o pe ii rhase us e t r m e e ava l bl i t c t oft s a e i w hi h he w as ttone xha t d he e di s ia e n he our s he t t n c co c e Thee usi r quie nti s tsi d by s e ngr viw oft cai s tuoug nvit d. xha ton e r me s a ite e ki e e he l m , l hout t saec u t y tm,ot hg etsaec u t t u idito t c n ie t ecams S e he tt o r s se t he ih s tt o r wi rs ci n o o sd r h li . e hj O' lva v.Boec ,526U. 8 845( 999 .l Vigi a atrhi c cton i t ti Suli n rkel S. 38, 1 ) n r ni, fe s onvi i n he ral c t t def nda ca fl a diec a our , he e nt n ie r t ppea t t Cour ofAppea sofV igi a w ih a l o he t l r ni , t s eq nta a t t Supr m e Cou tofV ig ni A st c ai st tge r ly cn ubs ue ppe l o he e r r i a. o l m ha ne a l nnotbe a es e on a ddr s d ppea , s h a cl i sofi f c i as it nc oft i lc l uc s a m e nt s nef e tve s s a e ra ouns l1t e def nda ' e, h s a e c tr e e i V igi a i l tlng a s a e ha s pe ii w ih t Ci c tCot ' t t our em di s n r ni nc ude i i t t bea tton t he r ui ut 1 SeeLenz v. Commo we 1h, 4 S. 2d2 3 4 ( 2 )( li r iig ie fc i n at 54 E. 99, 0 Va. 001 cams asn n fe tve as sa ofcouns i aV igi a crm i cas m us beass red i a ha sit nce el n r ni i nal e t et n beasc puspr or oceedi and ar ng e n tc nia l o die ta e l. o og z be n r c pp a) R t . ? whe ehewasconvit d,wih an a pe lofa a r ede sont t Supr r ce t p a n dve s cii o he eme Cour ofVigi a, t r ni Va. CodeAl j8. - a( ;j 1 1411 ori t atmai ,flngasaehabe peii m. 01654()1) 7.- , n he le tve ii tt as tton die tywiht SuprmeCour ofVigni j8. - a( ) W hihe rr ehef l i rcl t he e t r i a. 01654()1. c ve out olows n e usi sa ec tr m e es ade e ntmus uli t l pr enthi c am st t Supr m e xha tng tt our e di , f nda t tma ey es s l i o he e Co tofV igi abe or a f de a dititc tc c i rt m e isofhi cai unde ur r ni f e e r l src our an onsde he rt s l ms r j225 4. l t sj2254peii Sa r alge t thi tilcot e wa i f tvei a sng n hi tton, undes le s ha s ra ms l s nefeci n dvii hi t pr ee t tili t dofac e i apl aba ga n. Sa m o oc d o ra nsea c ptng e r i under i caeson hi pe ii t s ndi t s tton hat her ie t sca m on a as d hi li ppea .The i or ton heofe sa l nf ma i f r bouthi a tm pt a pos- onviton s te s t tc c i r i f how e r i s r e a i ns s e . The pe ii n doe i ca e, nd o i s a e c t ele , ve , s pa s nd nco i t nt tto s ndi t a nlne t t our r cor verf t tSa e ds iy, ha unde s die a r ' r ct ppea ofhi r bbe y a us ofafr nn c c i t t l s o r nd e iea onvitons o he Co r o Ap e l o Vigna( c r No. 4 0 1 - )wa j t e u e b atr ej dg p n l n u t f p as f r ii Re o d 2 5 - 13 s us r f s d y h e -u e a e o J 5,201 Net rSat r 'pe ii noro i saec t e or i c t t tSaunde shas une 2. ihe mde s tton nlne tt our r c ds ndi ae ha r fl d adiec a pe lfom t Cour ofAppeas de ii n t t Su e Cour ofVigi a. ie r t p a r he t l' c so o he pr me t r ni Li wi e net rSa ke s , ihe unde s peii n noronlnec tr o dsi i a et tSa r ' tto i our ec r nd c t ha under ha e r s s ve fl d a pe ii f a wr to ha s c pusi t Roa ie tton or i f bea or n he noke Ciy Cic tCour or i t Supr m e t r ui t n he e Cour ofV igi a. t r ni I i c e rfom t pe ii n a t onlner c dst tSa t s l a r he tto nd he i e or ha unde sha a lbl sa eco t r s vaia e tt ur r medist thehasnotye ptrue Fis, fhea t qui y,hec silpurue adiec a a e e ha t ts d. r t i c s ckl an tl s r t ppe l fom t C o tofAppea s de s on t t Supr m e Cou tofVi gi a The ea t r he ca r he ur l ' cii o he e r r ni . r fe , n pr s nthi i f e tve as i t nc c a m si a pe ii f a wr tofha s c pus i t Roa ee s ne f c i s sa e l i n tton or i bea or n he noke Ciy Cicui Cour ori t Supr m e Cour ofV igi a. t r t t n he e t r ni Be us Sa mde s c r ntpeii i i a e t thehasa lbl saecour r m e esa ca e t r ' ure tton nd c t s ha vaia e t t t e di t a on t stme,t sc tmus dimishi j225 peiinwiho prj c 2 SeeSl yt v Smih, hi i hi our t s s s 4 tto t ut eudie. t . 4 4U. 5 , 4( 9 )(idi t a j2 5 h b a p tto mu tb d s se wih u p eu ie 0 S. 3 5 1 71 fn ng h t 2 4 a e s eiin s e imis d t o t rj dc i p tto e h sn t r s ne h scamst t ea p o it saec u t n c u dsi d s ) An f eiin r a o p ee td i li o h p rprae tt o r a d o l tl o o . l a opr a e or rw ili s t s da ppr i t de l s ue hi y. The Clr i diece t s co e oft sme o andum opi o a a ompa ng e k s r t d o end pis hi m r ni n nd cc nyi or rt pe ii r de o ttone . s EN TER : Thi J1 d yo Jn , 201 a f u e 2. Chi Unie St t sDititJ e ef t d a e src udg 2 The cour not t e i Saunde shad e used hi sa ecour r e es, h sj2 4 t es hat ven f r xha t s t t t em di i 25 petton woul have t be de ed,becaus he f l t sat any f ct i s ii d o ni e ais o t e a s n uppor ofhi cl m sofi f tve t s ai nefec i a ssa e I h d i st p s eaj2 4peiina trc mpltngala ia l p oc e igsi t sae s itnc . f e ecde o uru 25 tto fe o ei l valbe r e dn n he tt court he wilneed t m ake a mor compl e s e entofhi cl m sf r if. s, l o e et ht m s ai or ele 3