Middleton v. Zych, No. 7:2012cv00266 - Document 5 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 10/4/2012. (tvt)
Download PDF
CLERK' OFFI U. DI COUA S CE S. ST. AT RL IFCiE, ' ïJh VA I < I TH E UN I N TED STA TES D I STR I CO UR T CT FO R TH E W ESTER N DI STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A R O A N O K E D I ISI N V O SY LV ESTER M ID DL ETO N ,JR . , Pet toner, ii W ARDEN CHRI STOPH ER ZYCH , R espondent . ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 0CT 2ù 2 1 22 JULA ' ' R G I> u BY: C i lA cton N o.7: cvvi i 12- 00266 M EM O M ND U M O PI I N ON By: Sam ue G .W is l l on Unied St es D i ri Judge t at st ct Pe ii ne Syl t r M i e on,J . a f de ali a e c r nty hous d a t Unie St t s tto r ves e ddl t r, e r nm t ur e l e t he t d a e Penie i r i Le Count V i gi a a pr ee ng pr s t l d t s pe ii f r wr tofha as t nta y n e y, r ni nd oc di o e, i e hi tton o i be c pus purua t 28 U. C.j2241,c le ng hi i tt i c ci f tg i wih or , s nt o S. halngi s nsiutonal onviton or i htng t a he i a e. M i e on alege t the wasdeni d due pr es be us t Bur u ofPrs not r nm t ddl t l s ha e oc s ca e he ea i ons (: ' fie t conduc hi i ta Uni Dicplne Commit t d BOP') ald o t s niil t si i tee(t ' he rng wihi t UDC' ai ) t n he t ee da tm e lm i pr s rbe by BOP r gul tons w hi h neg i l a f t hi abiiy t hr - y i i t e ci d e ai , c atve y f ec ed s lt o de e hi s l . M i e on a s a l gest tt BO P dim i s d a f g i c r a i ta he f nd m e f ddl t l o le ha he s se i htng ha ge ga ns not r i a e i a s pa a e i i nta a a c e nc vi at d M i e on' rghtt e lpr t c i nm t n e r t nc de nd s ons que e ol e ddl t s i o qua o e ton by not doi t s m e i M i e on' c e. The c tfnds t t M i e on' cl i s ha no ng he n n ddl t s as our i ha ddl t s a m ve m e i a s s nt di m i s s hi pe ii rt nd ua po e s s e s tton. 1. On J nua y 1 2011, whie a t Fe r l Cor e ton I tt i i Edge i l Sout a r 7, l t he de a r c i ns iuton n f e d, h Ca olna, c r tonal ofi al c r d M i e on w ih t i tt tonal i r c i of tghtng r i orec i tci s ha ge ddl t t he ns iu i nf a ton i i w ih a he ,i vi aton of BOP Code 201 Fi wor da l t r M i e on a t nde hi i ta t not r n ol i . ve k ys a e ddl t te d s nii l U D C he r ng.1 M i et a l gest the a i ed t U DC Uni Tea a t U D C he r ng t t ai ddl on le ha ppr s he t m t he a i ha l s tt 28 C .F. j5 .() teUDC d tr n so eo t flo n ()teimaec mmie te pur uan o R. 4l7a,h eemie n fhe olwig: l h n t o t d h t a tc r e ,( )t e imae di no c mm i t a tc ag d ( )ba e o t e s ro s e s o t e a tc ag d te c hag d 2 h n t d t o t he c h r e , 3 s d n h e i u n s f h c h r e , h LERK he w oul lke t c la i a e w ines i hi de e e,butt the onl knew t i a e w ine s d i o al n nm t t s n s f ns ha y he nm t t s by hi ni me a t t i t wines ha be n ta f red t ano he f ciiy. Acc di s ckna nd hat he nma e t s d e r ns e r o t r a lt or ng t M i e on,t w ines w oul be a e t t s iy t tM i e on had onl pe f o ddl t he t s d bl o e tf ha ddl t y r onue a t oc ng d c ki bl moton'a t tSg eor t t coul e gei a atrai i t br iup. ( .sBr i ' nd ha iblf e he wo d nga n n lec ton nmaes oke t ' Pl' . ' 3 ECF No.2. M i eon cli t tt UDC Uni Te m t d hi t y co d no l aea ) ddlt ams ha he t a ol m he ul t oc t n i a e usng onl a ni kna e a t t i t i a e ha ale dy bee tans e r d d t di not nm t i y c m nd ha f he nm t d r a n r f re t d i matrany y. ( .sAf.!4,ECF No.11. Ba e ont s ro nes ofM i eo sc r , te wa ' Pl' f ' - ) s d he eius s ddltn' hage t UDC rfred hi c e t t Dici i r He i Ofie (d he eer s as o he s plnay arng fc r tDHO' f a heai on t ' or ) rng he m ert 2 is. On M a c 4, 2011, M i e on r e ve hi DH O hea i 3 The D H O f rh ound t t ha ddl t ec i d s rng. Mi eon vi aed BOP Code 201 (ihtng wih anohe pes a s nci d hi by ddlt olt fg i t t r ron) nd a tone m di a l ng t e y- e n da ofgood co uc tm e,pl c ng hi i di c plna y s gr a i f s lowi w nt s ve ys nd t i ai m n s i i r e eg ton or ffe n da ( c wa s pende f 1 da ) a s pe nghi c ite ys whih s us d or 80 ys, nd us ndi s ommisr prvie sf say i lge or one m ont M i e on a h. ddl t ppea ed hi di ci i r co c i and t BO P uphel hi c l s s plna y nvi ton, he d s onvi to ci n a a 1l vel ofa al t l e s ppe . The BOP' r gul tons pr ous y pr vi d t t a i a e c r s e ai evi l o de ha n nm t ha ged w ih a s r o t e i us i r c i t s e il d t a i ta hea i be or t U D C, or na iy hel wihi t ee wor nf a ton t ntt e o n nii l rng f e he i di r l d t n hr k da fo t tmesafbe amea r oft i t si ve nti t i de .'28C. R.j ys rm he i tf c wae he nmae' nvol me n he nci nt' F. icd n wilb rfre t t DHO,o ( te a tc ag d i o te ç e ts o Hih sv rt' a d wil n ie t l e eerd o he r 4) h c h r e s f h ç aet r g e eiy' n l Gr a om aialyber f re t t DH O . ut tc l e er d o he 2The DH O hea i dee m i whehe o no t i ae comm itd t ac c r d orwhehe f t r rng tr nes t r r t he nm t te he t ha ge t r urhe iv si ain i wa r n e 2 C. R. 5 18 a . n e tg to s ra td. 8 F. j 4 .( ) 3M id eo s b t d t e DHO r p r wi h s j2 41 p t i n Ac o dig t a r p r,M id eo di n t d lt n u mit h e e o t t i 2 ei o . c r n h t e o t d lt n d o h t rq eta y wi e s s ( No 2 1 Th DHO rp r as idc tsta Mi ltn wav dhi rg tt asaf e u s n t se . ECF . - ) e n e o t lo n iae h t ddeo ie s ih o tf rpe t ttv .( No. - )Ac o dn t terp r,nc n ldn ta Mideo h di fc fu h wiha oh r e rsnaie ECF 2 1 c r ig o h e o ti o cu ig h t d ltn a n a t o g t t n te i ae i vi ai ofprs n r atons t DHO r le on doc e a y e denc s h ast wrte r por ofE. nm t n olton io egul i , he eid um ntr vi e uc he itn e t S n ig (h S e ill v si ai n Se vc Liu e a t,r ve o co e cr u tc me a s t m f o a e ci ia a ta o te p ca n e tg to r ie e t n n ) e iw f ls d ic i a r yse o tg , lnc l e ountrfr s a c i nta i or ai nc e o m , nd onfde il nf m ton. 541 7. I hi fr - evel appeal M i e on r i e t s ngl c a m t t c r c i l of i i l . 4 n s istl ddl t a s d he i e l i ha or e tona f c a s , vi a ed hi rght t due pr s by no cond tng t t i t a hea i untlt f fh w o kda ol t s i so oce s t uc i ha nii l rng i he i t r y r t rt n t e w o k days pr c i d by t r ul ton. I hi s c a he ha hr e r es r be he eg a i n s e ond- e a a ,M i e on, l vel ppe l ddl t f rte frttme a d d alg to t t( )h wa p eu ie b te çae e s'o h sUDC o h is i , d e le ains ha 1 e s rj dc d y h s tn s' f i l hea i be a e he w a unabl t c la i a e w ine s who w a t a f r e i t i e i ,a rng c us s e o al n nm t t s s r ns e r d n he nt rm nd ( hewa d e e pr e to bec us i a s paaei i nta he i t wasc r d 2) s enid qual otcin a e n e rt ncde not r nmae hage wih f g i t s m e i a e M i e o w a c r d w ih fghtng and t D H O di m i s d t t t i htng he a nm t ddl t n s ha ge t i i he s s e ha ot i at schar her nm e' ge. Il . M i e on a l es t t he w a de e due pr s be a e hi U D C hea i w a not ddl t leg ha s ni d oce s c us s rng s tmey hed,a t s dely prj c hi be us prve ed hi a lt t pr ry dee i l l nd hi a eudied m ca e e nt s biiy o ope l fnd hi el. ( .sBr 2 ECF No.2. ThefcsM i eon alge do nots ms f P1' . -4, ) a t ddlt le s uppor aduepr es t oc s cl i , a t coul di m i s t tcl i . a m nd he ' s s es ha a m 5 t 4 M i eon ba eshi contnton t tt UDC he rng w a t bec uce w ihi t e wor da on 28 ddlt s s e i ha he ai so ond td t n hr e k ys C.. j5 .5b)whc wa s p re e b 2 C. R. 5 .()whc b c meefcieo J n 2 , 01 . F R. 411 ( , ih s u esd d y 8 F. j 417 c, ih e a fetv n u e 0 2 1 5To t ext t tM i eon al he ent ha ddlt legest tt UD C and t DH O we e noti pa ta decson- a ng ha he he r m ril ii m ki bodisa r uie by 1w and c le e s eq r d a halngest s fcincy oft e de consdeed i dee mi ng hi punihment he ufi e he vi nce i r n tr ni s s , t c tdim is s t e cl m s bec e t y a e une use A c le t t BOP' i emenaton ofa he our s s e hos ai aus he r xha td. halnge o he s mpl ti n i t' f d r l s n e e of i rs n n i a p o raey r ie i a j 2 41 p tt n a tr e h u t n o nma es e e a e tnc mp io me t s p r p it l as d n 2 eii fe x a si f o o a miitaierme is S eUntd Sae v W i o ,5 3U.. 2 3 3 3 ( 9 2 * n al Wh ln 9 8F2d d nsrt e de . e ie tts . l n 0 S 3 9, 3 - 5 1 9 ) Ra d lv. ea , 3 . v s , 5 2 5 4n. (t Ci.1 91. Re uiig e h uto o rme isad j dca rviw b alwigt a po rae 2 , 2 2 4h r 9 ) q rn x a sin f e de is u iil e e y l n he p rpit o de o velpmen ofa fct lr or i an expe tf um ;c e ve t co tstm e be us oft pos i lt t tt t a ua ec d n r or ons r s he ur' i ca e he sbiiy ha he r ifa id f ma begr e a t a i sr tve l l a al t a i sr tveage an opporuniyt ele pple or y antd t he dm nitai eve; nd lows he dm nitai ncy t t o co r ter r occ rng i t c s ofa i sr tvepr e ngs N e v. a de ofFcc- t s c Pet s g. rec ro s uri n he our e dm nitai oce di . al W r n peerbur erbur Va,2 0 WL 20 47 6 ( D. . rl2 ,2 0 ; u Ha Mo v. S.7 0F.d 1 08 1 3 (t Ci.1 4 . 01 2 0 E. Va Ap i 2 01 ) Ch a n w U. , 3 2 3 , 31 9h r 98 ) ( u tn Ru i tv Smi ,701F. 8 4,8 ( t Ci.1 8 )(e c ra ) Afe h ha s u h a miitaie q oig vwa . t h 2d 4 45 9h r 9 3 p r uiml. tr e s o g t d nsrtv rle,apio e ma se jdca rve o tea mi srtv rs neb fl gaptto frawrto hba eif rsnr y ek u iile iw f h d nitaie epo s y in eiin o i f aes i c ru u d rj2 41i t dititc u twihj rs ito o e tefcly l whc p t in ri c n ie . I r op s n e 2 n he src o r t u idcin v r h a it n ih eio e s o fn d n e i t J n s 2 F.d 3 , 3 ( t Ci. 0 0 . o e , 26 3 28 3 2 4 h r 2 0 ) M i eon c d not now exhaus hi a i srtve r m edi ,as t de i f a lng a D HO ddlt oul t s dm nita i e es he adlne or ppeai d cso t t eRe i n lDie t ri t n y c ln a d y . 2 C. R. 5 . 5 a . W h na h b a peiin rfist e ii n o h g o a r co s we t ae d r a s 8 F. j 42 1 ( ) e a e s t o e al o t ehutami srtv rme is ad,a a rs t lsst ojotnt t puse te hscams wi b x as d nitaie e de n s eul oe he p ru i o ru h m, i li l e , y l po e ual d futd i a j2 4lpo e dng Se Brwn v 5 t,8 8 F.d 1 9 ,1 9 (0h Ci.1 7 (e rc d r l ea l n y e 2 rc e i . e o . m1h 2 2 4 3 4 5 1 t r 98 ) p r c ra . u im) ûpqio ds i i r p o e d n s ae n tpa' o a ci na p o e u in a d t f l û rs n icpl y r c e i g r o l f rmi l r s c to , n he ul g na t pa nopl of r g s due a de e nt i s h pr e ngs doe not a y.' W olf v.M c ol e l y i ht f nda n uc oc edi s ppl ' f D m l, 41 U. 539,556 (974) Howe r beo e a i t may bepunihe f vi ai prs 8 S. 1 . ve, fr n nmae s d or oltng ion dicplna' nle wih t l sofapr tce lbe t i ees (uc a eane good c s i i l ls t he os y oe td i ry ntr t s h s r d onduc tme, ti o t de i to ofpr ry) l a 557- c tt i duepr s r quiesbai pr e al r he prvain ope t , d. t 58, onsiutonal oce s e r sc oc dur s e r , i l ng a nc wr te notc of t cha ges w rte fndi , a a lm ie af gua ds nc udi dva ed, it n i e he r , it n i ngs nd i t d rghtt c lw ines e . See i a 563 4. Cond tng t U D C he r ng w ihi fve r t rt n i o al t s s d. t -6 uc i he ai t n i a he ha t BOP' r c me he s e om nded t e wor da tme fa f ls f rs tofi plc tng a oft e hr e k- y i r me a l a hor m ia i ny hes ba i pr ed a s f ua ds or a cor Fit Am e e d pr es c s c oc ur l a eg r ny e fh ndm nt ue oc s once n. 6 See Fl nag n r a a v.Shi l 783 F.Supp.922,931 ( . Pa.1 vey, M D. 992)(t- Consiuton doe no r quie src t-he l tt i s t e r tit a r nc t a nitai r gultonsand gui lne .' Seeas Donads v.Sa l,No. dhe e e o dmi sr tve e ai dei s' ) lo l on mues 07- 072,2007 U. Dit LEXI 83829,2007 W L 349365 a * ( . Pa Nov.1 2007) 1 S. s. S 4 t 4 M D. . 3, (t- s pr edursae i e d t me tore ee t due pr es rquie nt pr crbe by ilhe e oc e r ntnde o e xc d he oc s e rme s es i d t Suprme Cour.) Thus t cour fndst t BOP di no vi aeM i eon' rg t he e t . , he t i hat he d t olt ddlt s iht o 6 Cure BOP r gultons not t t UDC hea i ae or narl hel wihi fve w o k da , a r nt e ai e ha rngs r di iy d t n i r ys nd Mideo ' wa h l o tefûhwokd y.S e2 C. R. 5 .() d ltns s ed n h i r a e 8 F. j 417c. ?The c tt i lpr e i a f ded t i esa e lm ied) a a cai t tprs ofk il ha no onsiutona otctons for o nmat r i t nd l m ha ion t as ve t f l olowed t i own polces or pr dur s doe not a o t a c tt i l vi ato Se Unied Sat v. her ii oce e s m unt o onsiutona ol in. e t t es Ca ee ,4 0 U. 7 ( 9 8 ;se as Ke lrv Pe ,78 F.S p .4 4 ( S. 1 2)(ilto so pio c rs 4 S. 41 1 7 ) e lo ee . a 2 u p 2, 4 D. C. 99 voain f rs n p iiswhc fi t ra h te lv lo a c nttto a voain aen ta to beu d rj 1 8 ) l a y e e t ol e ih al o e c h e e f o si in l ilto r o cina l n e 9 3 . n n v n, c u b fr acutma gath b a rle frapio salje volto ofdsilnr rg lto steimaemut eoe o r y rn a es eif o rsn' le d i ain icpiay e uain,h n t s f s etblh ta te alg d voain rs le i p eu ie Hal r v J h s n 1 8 F.d 1 7 ,1 8 (t i t sa i h t h l e ilto eutd n rl dc . l k . o n o , 1 3 0 3 0 0 5h r s e ma Ci.9 7; t v. S PaoeCo n, 5 F. 5 , (t Ci. 98 )Vo Ka l Brl n 8 5F. u p 1 3 rl 9 )Whi U.. r l mm' 8 6 2d 9 61 9h r 1 8; n h v. ema , 5 S p . 41 e ( D. .l 9 (çfhsc u ti rl tn t o ra a do h msrn o t as e e u ino dsil ayp l is M. Pa 9 4) ç- i o r s euca t o vetx n / r a tig fkil' x c to f icpi r oi e ll n c adpo eue b ma ai a at tcrma dfrtcnia n nc mpl newi arg lto asn sme n rcd rs y ndt n uomai e n o eh cl o -o i c t e uain, bet o ng a h so n o p eu let teimae' ; rev Gars n 5 6F. u p. 6( D. .1 8 ) M ideo h sfi dt h wig f rj dc o h n t.) Bor . rio , 3 S p 7 E. Va 9 2 . d ltn a al o ' e dmo srt h w t fi r t cn utteUDChaigwi i tredyspeu ie hi Th DHO rj rcery e ntae o he al e o o d c h u ern t n he a rjdcd m. e h eotlal ou lne t evi nc r le on i r chi t deer i ton t tM i eon ha c m it ani r c i l vi ai ti s he de e eid n ea ng he t m nai ha ddlt d om ted nfa ton n olton ofBOP Code 20l Acc di y,M i eon' alegai t tofk il fied t f l BO P pr e esdoe not . or ngl ddlt s l ton ha t as al o olow oc dur s pr ceac tt i lvi a i a t ,M i eon' cli f l odu onsiutona olton nd,hus ddlt s am ais. due pr ce s by hol ng M i e on' U D C he rng out i oft BO P' r com m e d tle - y o s di ddl t s ai s de he se nde l e da r pe i r od. 111. M i e on alege t t prs of i i l vi a e hi r g t e l pr ec i n be us ddl t l s ha i on fc a s ol t d s i ht o qua ot to ca e a he i a e al o was c ge wih but no c not r nm t s har d t t onvi t d of fghtng w ih i a e W e l on a ce i i t nm t ls s pa a e oc s on. The c t fnds t t t f c s M it a l ges do not s e r t ca i our i ha he a t lon le uppor a e t n qual pr t c i cl i ,a t co tdi m i s t tcl i . o e ton a m nd he ur s s es ha a m To e t bls a e s a i h n qualpr e ton vi a i M i e on m us tr t de o t a e t the ha ot c i ol ton, ddl t t i s m nsr t ha s be n û r a e di f r ty f om o he s wih whom he i s m ia l st t d a t t t une l e s e t d f e en l r t t r t s i l r y iua e nd ha he qua tea m e tw ast r ul ofi e i r t n he es t nt ntonalorpur e u di c i i ton. Se M or i on v.Ga r ht pos f l s rm na i ' e ' rs r ag y, 239 F. 6 65 ( h Ci.2001 .I he wee t ma s h a s ng,t c two d t n 3d 48, 4 4t r ) f r o ke uc howi he our ul he p o e d t d tr n whehe t e d s a i i te t n c u d b j siid u d rt rq ii r c e o ee mie t r h ip rt n r ame t o l e u tfe n e he e ust y e lve ofs nli Se j e l c tny. e 4. M it ha m a no s w i t the w a s m ia l st t d a a l ged no f c s lon s de ho ng ha s i l ry iua e nd le a t uppori tng t c us on t t t out om e of hi he r ng dif r fom t he r ng of t ot r i a e he oncl i ha he c s ai f e ed r he a i he he nm t be a e of i e i l pup os f di c i i ton.Any num be of r s m a exit t e a n c us nt ntona e ul s rm na i r ea ons y s o xpl i why t ot i a e r ce ve no puni hm e a hi D HO he i he m a w e lha no be n he her nm t e i d s nt t s arng; y l ve t e guit of t s m e of e e t e el c a m i t t ot r pr s r r ce ve l s s ve e ly he a f ns . t r y l i ng ha he M i one s e i d es e r puni hm e f t s m e vi a i ...does no c e t a e l pr e ton c a m . W oo e v. s nt or he a ol ton t r a e n qua ot c i l i ' ' tn Hocse No.6: 1 tn, 1 cv001 201 W L 1 08 ( D. M a 7,201 ;se as M ilr v. 90 2 598 0 E. Ky. y 2) e lo lad Hufor ,2011W L 681 ( Ci.Fe 28,2011. TheFit Amendmen doesnotguaa ee fd 091 3d r b. )8 fh t rnt dee nt a patc arout ,rt r is o j ci i t prve pur eula i e tonal fnda s riul come' ahe, t b e tve s o e nt posf nd ntni 8 Bec us M i eon ca a e ddlt nnots uppor hi alegai of dipart team e t s cour ne no consde t s l tons s ae r t nt hi t ed t ir whehe he wa dic i i td a ns be us ofhi m e be s p i a pr t t cl s t tdem a hegh e d t r s s rm nae gai t ca e s m rhi n oeced as ha nds i t ne s nli i d e m i ng e c tny n et r ni qualpr ec i vi a i . ot ton ol tons di c i i ton a gua a ee due pr es of t l w . Acc di y, t c t dim i s s rm na i nd r nt oc s he a or ngl he our s s es M i et sequalpr ecton cl m . ddl on' ot i ai IV . Fo t ras nssaed,t c t s sesM i eon' j2241peii r he e o tt he our dimis ddlt s tton. The Cl r i die ed t s nd a c r ii d c e k s r ct o e e tt e opy of t s m e or ndum opi on a hi m a ni nd ac om panyi or rt t pe ii r c ng de o he ttone . EN TER ;O c obe 4,201 t r 2. .' VO Z I I S X TED TATESDI TRI J S CT UDGE 6