Demetriades et al v. Allison et al, No. 7:2012cv00250 - Document 3 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 6/12/2012. (lab)
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G. ER/: OFFI t. . s; coUr CE ls Dl AT Rnxuou , > FI E/ L I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OAN OK E D I I ON V SI . N J w . 6t ut n Ex BM PETER DEM ETRI ADES,q g . t 1. , Pli if , antf s Ci lAc i N o.7: 2CV00 vi ton 1 250 M EM OM NDUM O PI ON NI SAM UEL W . ALLI SON, 1g , ê 1, ' J 13 2 1 UN 22 By: Hon.Gl n E. e Conr d a ChifUnie Stt DititJ e e td a es src udg D e e nt . f nda s Pee a M ihe l De tides pr e ng p o K ,fld t sa i on J 7,201 tr nd c le me ra , oc edi r ie hi cton une 2, . na i t f l ng pa te a de e nt Sa m ng he olowi ri s s f nda s: muelAlion,Ke n Fl e ,J e B. e ls vi e nor os ph Lyl , S aeF r Fiea Ca u l Co a y Ic (s aeFam' , ndEd r B. tJ .Th tt a m r nd s at mp n ,n .I tt r ' a y t ) wad Rus, r e pl ntfsalomo dt pr ee L f mapa pers purua t 28U. 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C. 1 5 e( )B) n Rul 1 ( )3 o t eFe ea Rue o u idcin pu s n o S. j 91 ()2 ( a d e 2 h ( ) f h d rl ls f Ci lPr e le. vi oc dtr Background Thepli tfsa er i nt ofRur Rer a ,Vig ni Alhough t oft d e nt , a n if r esde s al te t r i a. t wo he ef nda s St t Fa m a Ed r Rus, r i ntfe i t c a e r nd wa d t a e de ii d n he ompl i asIlnoi r sde s t pli tfs ant li s e i nt ,he a n if i cae t tt ot ri vi lde e n sa er sde sofVig ni Ac or ngt t ndi t ha he he ndi dua f nda t r e i nt r i a. c di o he c pl i ,Sn ue Ali on a K e n Fl e a er s de t ofBr s ol a J e Ly e i a om a nt m l ls nd vi e nor r e i n s i t , nd os ph l s r s de ofA bi don. e i nt ng The ac i arsesf om f t on i r orecl e pr osm oceedi i tat agai tt pl ntf s'pr ngs nii ed ns he ai if opert i yn Brs ol w hi h waspur has f om A li o i 2003. Thepl i tf s a l ge t tt y lve a t it , c c ed r ls n n a n if le ha he i d t he RK p o e t frsve y a sbeo eiwa tru ue tytk na yfo te ' ( mp . t aa r p ry o e n e r fr t s t a d ln l a e wa rm h m. Co l a p r . f ' 1) 4. l J y of201 t pl i if r c ve açd m a notc 'f $21 800. aong wih a n ul 0, he antfs e ei d te nd i e' or 6, 00, l t notc a sng t m t t pr rywoul bes d a a tuse ss l on Augus 5, 0. ie dvii he hat he ope t d ol t r t e' ae t 201 ( mp . t r . 8)Th plitfse h sz ta t e n ve r c i e a yn tc fo Alio Co la paa 1 . e an if mp a ie h t h y e r e ev d n oie r m ls n t a t ep o e t wo l b f r co e u o ipa me t ween tt r u h c re t' ( mp . t h t h r p ry ud e o e ls d p n f y ns r o t o g t u rn . Co l a b ' pa a.1 ) r 9. Thepli tfsa lget tt y fld a a ton i sa ec t o sopt f e osze s e, nd a n if le ha he ie n c i n tt our t t he or cl lr al a t tt s ewa al ha he al s lowed t pr e ptr ln t a o de e e edon Se embe 1 201 o oc ed lslnt o n r r ntr pt r 5, 0. Ac r ngt t pli if ,ho ve , e, hes tt etuse di no wai t r c i t or r co di o he antfs we r Lyl t ubsiut r t e, d t t o e eve he de a i t a s d t pr pe t t Fle ,he hi s bi r on Augus 5, 0.Thepli if nd nse d ol he o ry o e nor t ghe t dde , t 201 antfs a s r t tLyl di notha çsa ng'a t tt f ecos epr e di s d ha bee s e t ha e d ve ût ndi ' nd ha he or l ur oc e ngs houl ve n iiit db De r Br wn,h tu teie tfe o ted e o t s.( mp . tp r . 2. ntae y b a o t e r se d niid n h e d f nlt Co la aa 2 ) On Augus 1 201 Lyl s ug t ha t pli if e c e t 6, 0, e o ht o ve he antfs vit d.A hea i wa s hed e rng s c uld f Se e be 1 201 a t pl i if we euli a el gi n t n da t va t t pr pe t or pt m r 3, 0, nd he a ntf s r tm t y ve e ys o ca e he o ry. The e fer Fl norS5e a i ur nc cli a i tt pli if y' c i ve St t r a t , ee ç l d n ns a e am gans he antf s'whih nvol d a e t Fa m a Rus.Thepl ntf sas e tt tt i ur nc cli wa fa e ,sncei ivol r nd t ai if s r ha he ns a e a m s r udulnt i t n ved G omehi t t( e nollgal di noto ' ( t t ng ha Fle r e ly d s wn. Compl a paa. ) ' . t r 27. B a ed on t f e ng aleg tons t pl ntf sfl d t i t nta ton ag ns t s he or goi l a i , he ai if ie he ns a c i ai t he de e nt o J 7, 2.The s e $ 2, 00 i da f nda s n une 201 y e k 41 000. n mage fom Alio a Lyl f sr ls n nd e ox dfa e fr cos andfa e s l ofpr pet ' ( mpl a paa 2. The as s e lr udulnt o e l me r udulnt ae o ry. Co . t r . ) y lo e k ' 2 $20, 00 i d m a fom Fle r Rus,a Sut Far f t a s ale ton o dn a t 000. n a ges r e no , t nd e m or i le lga i f m ge o f pr ry. (d. ope t ' I ) ' I t fr tpa a a oft c n he is r gr ph he ompli ,t pli if i c t t tt aci i br ug a nt he antfs ndia e ha he ton s o ht pur ua t t1 U. C.Cha e 47.'Howe r on t a c s nt o :8 S. pt r ' ve , he c ompa yi ci lc rs e ,t n ng vi ove he t he p an if s et a i i ac n rc a to b o g t t s a tot c u tsdv riyj rs ito . litfs ut h tt s o ta t cin r u h p l u n t he o r' ie st u idcin r St andard ofR evi ew Un e 2 U. C. 1 5 e, ihg v r sL fr p u ei p o e dn s t ec u t a a d r 8 S. j 91 () wh c o en q o ma a p rs r c e ig ,h o r h s ma d tr d t t s re iiilfl g .Erln Co v J h s n 4 F.d6 8 6 6 6 7(t Ci. n ao y uy o ce n nta ii s iie . . o n o , 40 3 4 , 5 - 5 4h r n 2 0 ) S ctc ly ç d src c u t s ds s a a to t a t c u t i st b fioo so 0 6 . pe i alsf itit o r mu t imis n cin h the o r fnd o e rv lu r i a malciusort tf l t saeacli ' Miha v. resonCount,434F. 7 728( h io ha ais o tt am.' c u Chal t y 3d 25, 4t Ci. 0 )(ii 28U. C. 1 5e( )B). r 2 06 ct ng S. j 91 ( )2 ( ) Addii l purua t Rul 1 h)3 oft Fe r Rul ofCi lPr e e,hec t tonaly, s nto e 2( ( ) he deal es vi oc dur t our t tds s'a a t nt iftec u t ee mie a a ytmet ti lc ss be tmatr ç mus imis' n ci t l h o r d tr n s t n i ha t a k u jc- t o l e jlidcin' Fe R. v. 1 ( () E ol e to o s b e tmatr midcinma b rie t s ito - d. Ci P. 2h)3 . c u sins f u j c- te j s ito y e as d r ' l a a ypon dligt p o e dn sa dma (r moep e iey mu t b r ie s as o t b t n it t n he r c e ig n y o , r rcs l, s) e as d u p n e y r t cour.'BrckwoodConta t s I . Daa tEngne rng.I .369F,d385 390( hCi. he t' i rcor.nc v. tne i ei nc, 3 , 4t r 2004 . ) D icussi s on Fe e a c u t aec u t o l tdj rs ito .t h ypo s s o yt a p we d rl o rs r o rs f i e u idcin i e se s nl h t o r mi f aut i d by Consiuton a sa ut ' Kokko n v.Gua di nLieI .Co.ofAm . 511U. horze tt i nd tt e. ' ne r a f ns , S. 375,37 ( 94) Ge r l ac eca beorgi l fldi afdea dititc ti t r i 7 19 . nealy, as n i naly ie n e rl src our f hee s fd r l u sinj s ito u d r2 U. C. 1 31o dvest o ctz ns i j rs ito u d r e ea q e t midcin n e 8 S. j 3 r i riy f iie hp u idcin n e o 28U. C.j1 S. 332. H a ng r viwedt pl i if 'c vi e e he antfs ompl i , hec ti c ta ne t c l t ti ant t our s onsr i d o oncude ha t mu tb d s se frlc o s be tmatr uid cin.Th plitfsha efie t alg a y s e imis d o a k f u jc te j rs ito e an if v ald o le e n voainof e rl a wh c mih s p o th e ecs o j rs ito u d rj 1 31 Al u h ilto fdea 1w ih g t u p r te x rie f u idcin n e 3 . t g ho t pl i if r f r nceCha e 47ofTil 1 oft Unie St t sCod t tc pt , c he antfs e e e ptr te 8 he t d a e e, ha ha er whih c ai f de alc i i lsaut spe ti ng t fa a f s sae e s pr d no ci lca e ont ns e r rm na t t e rani o r ud nd ale t tm nt, ovi es vi us ofa ton f s t or vi a i .Se Fe Sa & Loa l . c i or ttz y oltons e d. v. t n ns Com ev. t s 81 F. 1 1 Rç ve , 6 2d 30, 37 (t Ci. 98 )(t t l. . o g t n g sf rvo ainso 1 U. C. j. .1 01 1 0 , 4 h r 1 6 t mt . s u h d ma e o ilto f 8 S. j . 0 , 0 6 co 1 a 1 4, c de wih e be z e nt faud a mir pr e ai n.De e nt ca m 008 nd 01 whih al t m z l me , r nd se es ntto f nda s li t tt r i no bassf i pl ng acvi ca eofaci fom t f de a c i i lc ha he e s i or m yi i l us ton r he e r l rm na ode Pr vii .W ea e ' o sons gre.). Addii l t t e e t pl ntfspur tt i tonaly, o he xtnt he ai if por o nvoket c tsdi riy he our' ve st jlidcin teplitfsh v f i dt d mo srt t a c mplt dv riyo ctz n hi e it t s ito ,h an if a e al o e n tae h t o ee iest f iie s p x ss r e b t e t pa t sa r q rdb j 1 3 Tot ec nrr ,h c mplitid c tst a t e ewe n he ri s e uie y 3 2. h o tay te o an n iae h t h e pl i if a t e oft de e nt a e r s de sofV ig ni Ac or ngl t c a ntf s nd hr e he f nda s r e i nt r i a. c di y, he ompli i ant s s be t od s sa f rlc o s be t te j rs ito . u jc t imis l o a k f u j c matr u idcin Conc us on l i Fo t r s sa e t co twilgr ntt pli tfs motont pr e L f ma r he ea ons tt d, he ur l a he a n if ' i o oc ed q or . pa p rs Ho ve ,h c u t o cu e t a t ea to mu tb d s se f rlc o s b e t u ei. we r te o r c n ld s h t h cin s e imis d o a k f u j c matrj iditon,purua t 28U. C.j1 5()2)B)a Rul 1 h)3 oft Fe rlRul te urs ei s nt o S. 91 e( ( nd e 2( () he dea es ofCi lPr ce e.Suc dimis ls l bewihoutprj c vi o dur h s sa hal t eudie. 4 TheCl r i die t d t s nd ac tte c py oft sm e a l opi on a t ek s rce o e erii d o hi mor ndlm ni nd he a c pa ng or rt t pl i if . c om nyi de o he a ntf s ENTER: Th s t d yo Jme 2 2. i X a f t , 01 ChifUnie St t DititJ e e td aes src udg