Perry v. Clarke, No. 7:2012cv00245 - Document 16 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 12/28/2012. (tvt)
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I THE UNITED STATES DI N STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R O AN O K E DI I O N V SI r pQ*' OFFI u. . DI cotR' u s CE 9 BT. l r ATROANOKE,V A FI LED BEC 28 2 1 22 ' CALV I PER RY , N CA SE N O .7: 2CV 00245 1 i n ). 1 . ULA '. t ' j ( v' ' . = ' '' à I N t . N.c , .- 7,K z .-. - -. BY' . . c '11'. ?*.'*t. . . 7 . -si J . -' '.. . . i ' = -. .k '1'#!, % . ..' Pt ii tt oner , M EM OR ANDUM O PI ON NI VS. By: Jam e C.Tur s k Se or U ni e St esD i t i tJudge ni t d at src H AROLD CLARKE, RECTO R, DI R es pondent. Cavi Pe r aVigi ai aepr e ng pr K ,fl t spe ii f awrtofha a l n r y, r ni nm t oc edi o ied hi tton or i be s copus purua t 28U. C.j2254,algi t tofiil o t Vigi aDe rme of r , s nt o S. le ng ha fcas f he r ni pa t nt Coreci (ç r tons GVDOC' ha mic c ae hi goodc ' ve salultd s ) onduc tmea hi tr ofco i me , t i nd s em nfne nt i vi ai n o hi c tt tonalrght .Upon r vi w o t r cor t co tc ude t tt n olto f s onsiu i i s e e f he e d, he ur oncl s ha he r ponde ' m oton t dim ism us begr nt es nts i o s s t a ed. I Per sj2254peii ase t t ti 2009, trVDOC ofiil r duc dhi goo tme ry' tton s rs ha n afe fcas e e s d i e ni r t fom Le 1t Le l2 be aus ofadicplnar i r c i hi a i pa e nr ng a e r vel o ve c e s i i y nfa ton, s ntci t d ma t ypaol rl s dae($ PRD')c ng fo 2020t 2025.Afe ofiil rsord ndaor r e eea e t t M ' ha ed rm o tr fcas et e Pe r t a goodtm eem i r t ofLe l1on Dec mber1 2011 hi M PRD c nge fom ry o i ng a e ve e 7, , s ha d r 2025 t 20 Pe r co e t tby m ic l a i hi good c o 23. ry ntnds ha s acultng s onduc tme,VDOC ofi il ti fca s wr ngf l i r s hi tr ofc o uly nc ea ed s e m onineme ,i vi ai ofhi c tt i nalrghtt due nt n olton s onsiuto i o pr es a t befeeofe pos f c o i r a esi punihm e .Asr le ,Pe r a kst c t o oc s nd o r x t a t nc e s n s nt ei f ry s he our t o de ofi il t c ngePe r sM PRD t 2020 or201 r r fca s o ha ry' o 9. Ther ponde fl d atmel m o i t dim is1ass rtng t tVDOC ofi a shav es nt ie i y ton o s s , e i ha fcil e 2 r y es nde co r c l c c aed Pe r ' M PRD . Pe r r po d, ma ngt m a trrpef diposto r e ty alul t ry s ki he te i or s ii n. 1 1 A . V D O C G ood T i e Sys em s m t Calul ton ofPe r st r ofc i m e ti vol t o r ton oft dif r n good c ai r y' e m onfne n n ves he pe a i wo fe e t tme s tm s On pa ol ei i e s nt nc f ofe esc mit be or J nua y 1,1 i yse . r e lg bl e e es or f ns om ted f e a r 995,a nd f mide nors ntnc ,unde Vigni CodeAnn.jj53.- 98t 53. 202,a i t ma or s mea e e es r ri a 1 1 o 1n nmae y e nag o c n u t l wa c ($ '.Fo GCA s ne e , nimatma e r g o tmei m' o d o d c al n e ç o GCA' r ) e tnc s a n t y an o d i n one off urgoodtm ee ni lve s r ngi fo 30 da ofgood tmef e r 30 da o i ar ng e l, a ng r m ys i or ve y ys s r e i Le l1t 0 da ofgoodtm een ne whiei Le l4.GCA c edti a i t e v d n ve o ys i r d l n ve r i s ppled o rduc t tmet i t sr sbeor hi ma tr paol r eaedae(1 PRD' , c i e e he i he nmae e ve f e s ndao y r e el s t ç M ' whih s ) t da eon whih hem us ber e ed fo prs t be s r s by t pa ol boar See he t c t elas r m ion o upe vied he r e d. Co fnv Mu r y 9 3F.d5 3 5 6(t Ci. 9 2 . fi . ra , 8 2 6 , 6 4h r 1 9 ) O n s nt nc s f f l of e e c m it d on ora t rJ nua y 1 1 e e e or e ony f ns s om te f e a r , 995,unde V igi a r r ni Co eAn j 5 .- 0 2t 5 .- 0 ., nimaema a q iee r e sn e c ce i (% .. d n. j 312 2. o 3 12 23 a n t y c ur an d e tn e rdt 1 ' ESC' ) Fo ESC s t nc s a i a ema o y e r ama mum of4. da o ea ne s nt ncec e t r en e e , n nm t y nl a n xi 5 ys f r d e e r dis f e r 30 da s r d. or ve y ys e ve 1 Thec r d nisPer smoinfrd fulj g n.Per asett tters de tdi n t ou t e e ry' to o ea tud me t ry srsha h epon n d o fl t m oton t dim i w ihi 30 da oft J 15,201 s rvi or . Cour r dsi cae, ie he i o s ss t n ys he une 2 e ce der t ecor ndi t how e ,t tt r ponde fld t moton t dim iswihi 30 ofr ptofs vi ast s vi ver ha he es nt ie he i o s s t n ecei er ce he er ce or diec ed. SeçECF Nos 2,8,9. der r t . 2 Ther pondentdoesnotcont t Pery hasany avaiabl sat cour r es end hat r l ete t emedy t thehas ha note xhaused. Pery r s hi cur e cl m i ape ii f awrtofhabeascom usi t Supr t r aied s r nt ai n tton or i n he eme Cour ofVigi a.TheCourtdim is t pe ii by or dat Aprl20,201 fndi t d t r ni s s ed he tton der ed i 2, i ng hat s habeas doe n tlei t smatr. .'Pe . 1( No.11 p.l)( iigCar l J h on, 5 S. 2d6 s o i n hi te .' t Ex. ECF - , . ctn rolv. o ns 68 E. 47, 652( 00 2 9:. Ofki l e e t i ae' s nt nc i o ma i i udi g tme e m i r t t a s nt r he nm t s e e e nf r ton, ncl ng ood i a ng ae c hange ,i o t V i g ni C o i O f e r Se e Cal ul ton Sys e , hi h ge r esa s nt he r i a r s f nde nt nce c a i t m w c ne at n a ii t M PRD. Ata gve tm e, heM PRD i bas d on t a s ptont tt i ae ntc paed ny i n i t s e he s um i ha he nm t wilc i e r ng good tm ea t s me lve un i hi r l s da e.Cof 983F. a l l ontnue n ni i t he n e l tl s eea e t fn, 2d t f a i a e' goodtm ee ni r t i r duc d,hi ne M PRD wilbelt r bec us he i no n nm t s i ar ng a e s e e s w l ae , a e s l e e r nggoodtmea t rt pr ditdbyhi pdorM PRD.J Thus t MPRD i nota ong r ani i t he ae e ce s Z ,he s fxed dae. 1 i t d. B. The Res pondent' Evi s dence The r s nde s isa a fda tfom W e K . own,M a e oft Cour a e po nt ubm t n fi vi r ndy Br nag r he t nd Le a S r ie (t ' Se to f r h VDOC.Ba e o t ef lo n if r to Br wn g l e vc s t ' ci n o t e CLS ) s d n h o lwig n o main, o a s rst tt t bes ofhe knowldge, ry' good c s e t ha o he t r e Pe r s onduc tmehasbee c r c l c lul t d ti n ore ty ac a e a c edied a ns hi t m ofc i me . nd r t gai t s er onfne nt OnN o mbe 8,1 ve r 977, he Sus e Coun y Cic tCour s nt nce Pe r t 40 ye r f t sx t r ui t e e d ry o a s or tr tde r em lr ra oneye rf ra r l e o f ns .Pe r e e e t VDOC f rs r c o is g e zde nd a o eatd fe e r y ntr d he o e vie f t ts ntnc i 1 ha e e e n 978. Ot rc t s nt nc Pe t a tonalprs tr sf ro he he ours e e ed ny o ddii ion e m o t r c ci ns t e yea sf e c pei 1980; e yea sf g and lr ny wih fves pende i onvito : hr e r or s a n t n r or r a ce t i us d, n 1 993;1 mont f rsm pl as a ti 2000, t albu f mont s pe d;a alf 2 hs o i e s ul n wih l t our hs us nde nd ie s nt nc f r pe i 2001 wih al bu 25 ye r s pe d. Ofi i l ha as c nged Pe r s e e e or a n , t l t a s us nde fc as ve lo ha r y' good tm e e r ng l vels ve a tm esdurng hi V D O C cus ody. i a ni e e r li i s t On De embe 1 200 ofi i sa sgne Pe r t Leve l whi a l d hi t e r 30 c r , 2, tcal s i d ry o l , ch lowe m o a n da GCA c e tpe 30 da s r ed a i thi t a,pa ol e i bl s ntnc of74 yea sa ys r di r ys e v ga ns s ot l r e lgi e e e e r nd f m o hsi our nt mpds e . SLS s nt eupda esis d on Se e be 21,2006,a J r onm nt e enc t s ue ptm r nd anua y 1 2007,i caedt ta hi t n- ve 1g tme e r ngr t , Per y' antci t d M PID 9, ndi t ha t s he Le l ood i a ni ae r s i pa e I wa Oc obe 1 2020. s t r 3, On M a 1 2007, heChe t ri l Count Cic tCo ts ntnc Pe r t tveyea s y , t se fed y r ui ur e e ed ry o l r, wih t eeyea ss pe t hr r us nded,f rpos e son ofa i iai n wea n oft n'rwih i en t o ssi n m t to po e o t nt t o i i dae(nofe ec ntmi t a fns ommitdonAugus 2,2005) Per wa rquiedt s r et spaol te t . ry s e r o e v hi r e i lgi e s e be or c i ng t s r e hi pa ol ei bl s nt nc sa whie s r ng i, nei bl entnce f e ontnui o e v s r e lgi e e e e nd l e vi t coul e m onl ESC c edi. Thus begi ng M a 1,20 Pe r ea e onl 4. da c e tpe d a y r t , nni y 07, ry m d y 5 ys r di r 30 da s r ed. A CLS s nt nc updae is d on M a 23,2007,r tecedt sne goodtm e ys e v e e e t s ue y el t hi w i en ni r t a i caedt tPe r san i pa e M PRD wa J y 11 2022. Theco putr r ng a e nd ndi t ha ry' tci t d s ul , m e cac a e t sM PRD bas d o t as umpton t Pe wo d e nt ESC Le l1c e tf r lul t d hi e n he s i hat ny ul nr he ve r di o t r mai rofhi i ar e a i Ofi a spl c Pe r i Le l2 on De mbe 1 2008 he e nde s nc c r ton. fcil a ed ry n ve ce r 7, , whih r e hi ESC e r ng r t t 3 da f e r 30da s r ed a ns t Che t ri d c educ d s a ni ae o ys or ve y ys e v gai t he se tel pa ol i i bl s nt nce.A CLS s ntnc upda eis d on J nua y 1 2009, efe t d c r e nelgi e e e e e e t s ue a r 4, r l c e hange t Le 2 a i c t d t tPe r sne a ii t M PRD a t tgood tme e r ngr t was o vel nd ndia e ha r y' w ntc paed t ha i a ni ae M a c 26, rh 2025. Afe Pe r c tr ry ompl t t Chese fel Cot y i e z s nt nc her sl s r i hi eed he t ri d mt nt m pt e e e, e lmed e v ng s r m ani pa ol e i bl s ntnc sa Le l2 oft GCA s tm ,e r ng 20 da goodtm ef e i ng r e lgi e e e e t ve he yse n ni ys i or e r 30dayss r d. On Dec m be 1 2011 Ofki l pl e Pe r i Le l1 a he b n ve y e ve e r 7, , f as ac d ry n ve , nd ega e r ng 30 da good tme f reve y 30 da s r e a ni ys i o r ys e v d.A CLS s ntnc upda ei s d Fe u r 3, e e e t s ue br a y 201 i caed t tPe r i now s r ng at a s nt nc of76 ye r a f m o hs 2, ndi t ha ry s e vi ot l e e e a s nd our nt i ionme , el tdt c mprs ntr fece he hanget GCA Le l an prj ce hi ne a i paedMPRD a o vel , d o e td s w ntci t s J nua y 3, 23. a r 20 4 lI I Li al c tu Pery cai st tVDOC ofi a sha mic c aed hi good ber ly onsr ed, r l m ha fcil ve s alult s c ondud tm et rVigi a saut r lw,whi h wilc us hi t s r et mor yea si i mde r ni t t o y a c l a e m o e v wo e r n prs t n hes ul , i vi a i ofhi due pr es r g s3 Re iw oft e de e ion ha ho d n ol ton he vi nc s oc s i ht . v e de monsr e t tPe r spe ii n m us bedim is d. tats ha ry' tto t s se W he asa ec e esapr t c e lbe t i e e ti good-i c e t e r t i ae i n t t r at o e t d i ry ntr s n tme r dis a ned,he nm t s e il d ç ot emi mum pr e esa o it unde t cr umsa e a r quie by t ntte û hos ni t oc dur ppr pra e r he ic tnc s nd e r d he Due Pr e s Cl us t e lr t tt s a e c e t d r g i nota bir r l a oga ed. Ew e lv. oc s a e o ns ze ha he t t r a e i ht s r ta iy br t ' ' l Mu r y 1 F.d48 , 8(t Ci. 9 3 (ingW of v. c n el41 U. 5 9 55 ra , 1 3 2 48 4 h r 1 9 ) ct i lf M Do n l, 8 S. 3 , 7 ( 9 4 ) A p io rsd ep o e srg t ael td h we r A p io r g lto c e tsa 1 7 ). rs ne' u r c s ih s r i e , o ve . rs n e uain r ae mi lbe t i e e ta i i t f der ldue pr e spr e tonsonl whe et r a i çmpos i ry nt r s nd mplcaes e a oc s otc i y r he egulton û i es aypi a a sgnika ha ds p on t i aei r lton t t o di y i i nt o prs t c l nd i f nt r hi he nm t n e ai o he r nm. ncde s f ion lf . Se S ndn v. nn r 5 5U. 4 2, 8 ( 9 5 .Be a ec so ya d scl t sau a d ie' e a i Co e , 1 S. 7 4 4 1 9 ) c us u t d n e t iy tt s n ' r g o tmee r igrtsaes b e t oc a e ap riu a a j t n t t s ca sfc to s o d i ann ae r u j c t h ng , a t lr dusme t ö he e lsiiain c aonedoesno i plcae f de alduepr s pr e tons See i ;s a s Ga r t v. nge o , l tm i t e r oce s ot c i . d. ee l o r e l A l ne 9 F.Supp.933,943( . Va.1 . 40 W D. 996) Per do sno, n c u dn t nl h o S n i, li t a hee j y a yf d rl ry e t a d o l o i i t f a dn cam h t n o s n e ea g pr e a pr e ton a i tt cha oc dur l otc i gans he ngest hi good tme e r ngr t ove t yea s o s i a ni a e r he r . I Pe r demonsr t d t tVDOC ofi il a bir rl de i d hi ofc e ta i thi f ry ta e ha fca s r ta iy prve m r di gans s s nt nc f good co uc tme heha ale y e m ed, e e es or nd t i d r ad a howe r hem i tbe e il t r le ve , gh ntted o ei f 3 Per'* as eri t t cha ge t hi M PRD s ehow consiut avi aton oft Ex Pos l s s ton hat ht n o s y om tt ed ol i he t Fact Cl hasno m ert ashef l t cie any change i lw t ti e edt quant ofpunihm e o ause i, ais o t n a ha ncr as he um s nt f rhi c i . Se Lv ev. ahi,5l U. 433 441( 9 )CTof lwihnt ee p tfco o s rmes e nc M t s 9 S. , 1 97 al t i h x os a t p o biin,(( )Jalw mus b rtos ci -t a i,imus a yt e nt o c rngb f r is r hi to 1 a t e er pe tve h t s t t ppl o ve s c uri e o e t e cme t- a (( 1i mus dia va a eteofe de a fce b i, atrngt ed fniinof na t n nd 2) t t s d ntg h f n r fe td y tby le i h e i to c i na c nd tori r a i t pu s n f t c i ' (n ena q tto a cttonsomitd) rmi l o uc nc e sng he nihme t or he rme.) itr l uo ains nd iai ' te . unde W olf s a Pe y ma sno s h s r f, upr . n' ke uc howi . Theonl s c fc e de ePe r ofe si ng y pe ii vi nc ry f r n r pons t t m o i t dimisi aCLS s nt nc updaefom N o mbe 2001, i cai t t es e o he ton o s s s e e e t r ve r ndi tng ha hi M PRD a t ttm ewa N o s t ha i s vembe 29s 201 Pe r as e t t tafe he a hi ve a Le l1 r 9. ry s rs ha tr c e d ve good tm e ea i r t i 2011 hi M PID s ul ha r ve t t 201 , r t rt n e ry 2023. i m ng a e n , s I ho d ve e r ed o 9 a he ha a l Pery' pr c i ofhi pr rM PRD doesnottke i o a ot t a tona t yea , nonr s editon s ope a nt cc mt he ddii l wo- r pa ol ei bl s nt nceher e ve i 200 t i e r e lgi e e e ec i d n 7 hat ntnupt d hi s r i ofhi pa ol ei bl e s e vce s r e lgi e s nt nc .Hi pr diton a s doesnota c mtf rt l ngt pe i durng s r i eoft e e es s e ci lo c ot o he e hy rod i e v c hat i e l s nt ncewhen heen ne good tmea t muc l nt m pt e e r d i t he h owerESC e r ng r t sandhi a ni a e s M PRD r t d on t comput rpr a ' as umptont tPe r wo d c i t e r good ese he e ogr m s s i ha ry ul ontnue o a n tm e a t e lwe r t f t r s ofhi confne e .Ther s i t hos o r aes or he e t s i m nt e ponde ' e de e c e ry nts vi nc l a l de monsr t t onc Pe r c ta es hat e ry omplt d t i e r s nt ce, sgood tmeea ni r e, nd e e he ntrupt e en hi i r ng at a t c put r s c l ul ton o hi M PRD , e ur t t pr r G CA l ve s he om e ' a c a i f s r t ned o he ope e l. l t f ceoft r s nde ' s c t e de oft m a ri whi h hi M PRD has n he a he e po nts pe ik vi nce he nne n c s be n c c a e Pe r ofer no doc nt ton o s cfca l to i cai t theha no e alult d, ry f s ume ai r pe ii legai n ndi tng ha s t r c vedcr di f a lgood co e ei e t or l nduc tmeheha e r ti s a ned,i lg oft new s nt nc r ceve i n i ht he e e e e i dn 2007 a t l rgood tm ee r ng r t t ta i dtrng hi s r c oft ts e . nd he owe i a ni aes ha ppled li s e vie ha entnce Theefr ,t c t ncude t tPe r hasnog ou frr i unde j2254a ganst r o e he our co l s ha ry r nd o elef r nd r t he moton t dim is An a oprae o de wilis t sda TheClr i die t d t s ndco es i o s s. ppr it r r l s ue hi y. ek s rce o e pi oft sm e or um opi o a a om pa ng or rt pe ii r hi m and ni n nd cc nyi de o ttone . 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