Johnson v. Clarke, No. 7:2012cv00237 - Document 2 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 06/15/2012. (kab)
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GLERK' OFFI; U. DI . S IE S. ST GOURT AT M NVILE. L VA FI L I TH E UN I N TED STA TES DI STR I T CO UR T C FO R TH E W ESTER N DI STRI T O F V I G I I C R N A ROANOK E DI SI VI ON U %t f1 1 J UL BY: . EP C i lA c i N o.7: 2- v- 237 vi ton 1 c 00 JE R O M E JO H N SO N , Pl nt f , ai i f M EM OR AND UM OPI ON NI By: H A R O LD W .C LA R K E, D ef endant. H on.Jackson L.K i ser Se or U ni e St esD i t i tJudge ni t d at s rc J r eJ e om ohns a V igi a i a e p oc edi pr K ,fl d a ci lr g s c pl i , on, r ni nm t r e ng o ie vi i ht om a nt purua t 42U. C.j 1 wihj iditonvesedi 28U. C.j 1 43.Pli ifna s s nt o S. 983 t urs ci t n S. 3 antf me Haol W .Clr ,Diecoroft Vigi aDe rme ofCore tons(; rd ake r t he r ni pa t nt rci ûVDOC' , t s e ' as he ol ) dee n .Thi matri beor mefrsr e ng,purua t 28U. C.j 1 A.Afe fnda t s te s f e o c e ni s nt o S. 915 tr rviwi pl ntf s s i 1dimist c antwihoutprj c f fii t saea e e ng ai ifs ubmison, s s he ompli t eudie or alng o tt c a m upon w hi h r lefm a be gr nt d. li c ei y a e Pl i ifs m pl s a esi t co pl nt a ntf i y t t n he m ai : My c elescompltl ont i mpee eande l s ma byt co ta as i eey he nco tnc n-or) de he ur nd lg ls se o t saeo Vg gna .S me e ewi nte i)d t bn k l e a y t m f he tt f i ii) o wh r t h gr aa n s, r hi l my c tr or oft a our ec ds he moun oftmeIha aeof g lc a tdt mana r t i ve r P q ontce he ge ofc t& l gals r i e ,H a ol W .Cl r a utm y tm e notbe ng c put d our e e vc s r d a ke, bo i i om e c r ty,a hef ldt c r tt seror.Theef eduet t sgra is of orecl nd aie o orec hi rl q r or o hi e t sue o e lo ig Ife ls ul b j tta ya r e $ 5 ,0 (l et telr e v ro kn e l ho d e usi bl wad d 3 00 0 d u o h ag i a ount ofs r s e otona de e son, nd a e y s ls Iha e m s tes , m i l pr s i a nxi t pe l ve ndur d.... e gl plce onmyf l ... and a d amiy. ( Compl4. . ) l l. Il us di l s any a ton orcl l f l d by a iuna e i 1de e l ne t t a ton or ' t s ni s n ci ai ie n n r t f t rni hat he c i cl m i f i ous orf l t sat a cl m on whi r i m ay be gr ed. See 28 U . C. ai s r vol ais o t e ai ch elef ant S. jj1 ()2) 1 5A( ( ) 42U. C.j1 () Thefrtsandadi l scai ba e 915e( , 91 b) 1; S. 997ec . is t r ncude l ms s d u ( n i s a y m e il sl lt or 'Scai sofi rnge pon s ndiputbl rtes ega he y,'ûl m a nfi mentofa lga i e es whih e l ntr t c c ea l d note s ,' cl m swhe e t û a t c e t o a e cl ary bas c s ' N eizke v. l ry oes xi t' or ai r he s c ual ont n i ns r e l f el s . ' t W ila ,490U. 31 327( 989) Thes c sa ar i t f miirsa r f amoto t lims S. 9, 1 . e ond tnd d s he a la tnda d or in o dimisunde Fedea Rul ofCi lPr edze 1 b)6 , c ptngapli ifsfcua al ai s s r rl e vi oc tr 2( () ac e i antf a t l leg tons ast u A co pl i ne ; s t nd pl i s a e e oft cl i s i t tt pl de i r e. m a nt eds û hor a a a n t t m nt he a m how ng ha he ea r s e tte t r l f a d s fiin (fa t a alg to s. .oriearg tt r le a o et e n ild o ei ' n u fce tt lcu l le ai n . t as ih o eif b v h e g s c ai lve.... l At.Cor v. pe ultve e l ' l l p. Twombl 55 U. 544,555( )(nena quoai 'Be y, 0 S. 2007 itr l tton maksomitd) A pl ntf' ba i f rle C e r moet n lbel a concuso ...' 1 r te . ai ifs ss or eif i quies r ha a s nd r l ins .' d. Th r f r, plitf mu tC le efcss fiin t saealh ee n so g e cam. Ba s e eo e a an if s i lg a t u fce t o tt l te lme t f t q li ' s a h ' v.E.. 1 DupontdeNe mour & Co.324F.d 761 765( hCi. ) s , 3 , 4t r 2003 . D e e m i ng whe he a c pl i s a esa pl us bl c a m f r r le i ;a c e - pec fc t r ni t r om a nt t t a i e l i o e i f s 1 ont xt s ii ts t a r q ie t rviwig c u tod a o i j d ca e p re ea c mmo sns . ak h t e ur s he e e n o r t rw n t u iil x e inc nd o n e e' s ' As r tv.lba,556U. 66 678- ( hcof q l S. 2, 79 2009) Thus ac ts e ni ac antunde Rul . , our cre ng ompli r e l b)6)c ni ntf pl di t taenote il t a ast i oftut bec us t 2( ( a de iy ea ngs ha r ntted o n smpton r h a e hey i l t ue o c itofnomo et nlbesa c usons Lo A lhough 1lberaly consr pr jq onss r ha a l nd oncl i . d t . . . . c ant, i sv. r r 404U. 51 520- 1( 972) 1donota ta t i t s ompli s Hane Kene , S. 9, 2 1 , c s he nmae' a dvoc t ,s s e de opi saut r a c tt i lcli t i aef iedt c e ry a e ua pont vel ng t t o y nd onsiutona a ms he nm t al o l a l r s ont f c oft c an .Se Br kv.Car l 1 F. 241,243( h Ci.1 ) aie he a e he omplit e oc rol, 07 3d 4t r 997 ( ti, .c n u rng ; a d t v. o Ha t n 7 5F.d 1 4,1 7 ( t Ci.1 8 ) S e Lutg J, o c ri ) Be u et CA f mp o , 7 2 27 2 8 4h r 9 5 . e aloGor v. e 574F. 11 1151( hCi.1 (e nii t adsrc c ti s don Le kç, 2d 47, 4t r 978) r cog zng hat itit our s notexpe t d t a s e t r e ofa c e o s um he ol dvoc t f r a or g pl ntf ae o o q ai it ). . Tosaeacam unde j 1 apli ifmus algethevi ai ofarghts c edby tt li r 983, antf t le t olton t i e ur t Consiuton a lwsoft Unie Stt ,a mus s he tt i nd a he t d a es nd t how t tt a lged de i ton wa ha he le prvai s c mmi e b apes na tn u e c lro saelm ' W e t Ati , 7U. 4 , 8( 9 8 . o t d y ro cig nd r o o f tt a ' s v. kns 48 S. 2 4 1 8 ) t Pli ifm us de o tae t he wasde i d oflf ,lbe t orpr ry by gove e a antf t m nsr t hat prve ie i ry, ope t nma nt l a i t sa eavi a i ofdue pr es gua an e d by t Fou t nt Am e e .Be r t v. cton o t t ol ton oc s r t e he ree h ndm nt ve ai Smih,1 F. 500,502( h Ci.1 .Plitf ge r lalegai ofer r i hi sntnc t 20 3d 4t r 997) anips ne a l ton ro s n s e e e caculton doesnotesa ih ade i ton oflbe t bec us he doesnota lget thi l ai t bls prva i i ry a e le ha s i a ce a i e e hi r ea e da e.Furhe m or ,pl ntf m ay notr pve da a f a nc r r ton xce ds s el s t t r e ai i f ec r m ges or me tl re to l nu ywih u ap irs o n of h ia ij r .4 U. C. 1 9 ee . n a o moina ij r t o t ro h wi g p ysc l nu y 2 S. j 9 7 () Ac di y, pli iff ist sa ea cai upon whi r le ma begr nt l cor ngl a ntf a l o tt l m ch ei f y a ed. 1 1. 1 F rt f r g igr a o s Ids s tec mpan wi u p eu ief rf ii t saea o he o e on e s n , imis h o lit t t rj dc o al o tt ho ng cai uponwhih rle ma begrntd,puruantt 28U. C.j1 5A( ( ) lm c eif y a e s o S. 91 b)1 . The Cl r i di e t d t s nd c e o t s M e or e k s r c e o e opi s f hi m andu Opi o a t ac om pa ng m ni n nd he c nyi O r rt pl i if de o a ntf . E T R: sl = dyoJn,02 N E Thi a fue21. * Se rU nie St t D i ti tJ n' t a es s r c udge lTot exen pl ntf r he t t ai if equessas edirr e sefom c t , hi s er dy i f r lc ti apr ry fld t pe e ela r usody s ol eme n ede a our s ope l ie h b a p tto Se Edwad v Baio 5 0U.. 41 6 54 (9 7 (ttn ta j1 8 da g scam ag ig a e s ei n. e i r s . l k, 2 S 6 , 4 -7 1 9 ) saig h t 9 3 ma e li run s ta d epo esrghsvi ainsrs l di l so g o -i ce i so db bo g ta ha e sc ru peio ; h t u r c s i t olt eut n os f o dtme rdt h ul e ru h s b a op s tinl o e s t He kv Hu he 51 U. 4 7 48 -8( 9 4) saigt t j1 8 cam ta wo l n c saiyd mo taete c . mp rv, 2 S. 7 , 68 1 9 (tt ha a 9 3 li h t ud e esrl e nsrt h n iv l iyo c nf me to i d rt ns o l b b o gh a aha e scam) Prie v Ro rc e , l U. 4 5 n ai t f o i n rt uai h ud e r u t s b a li ; esr . diu z 4 1 S. 7 , d ne s o 5 0(9 3 (ttn ta wrto h be sc r u i s efd rle d wh nimaec aln e fc o d rt no 0 1 7 ) saig h t i f a a op s s ol e ea rme y e n t h l g s a t r u ai f e o i rs n n a d r le s u h i fn i gt a t eimae i e t ld t as e d e r l a e .Th r f r , litf ma mp io me t n eif o g t s i d n h t h n t s n i e o p e ir ee s ) e e o e p an i y t f n s k a or fom a j 1 aci t twoul r las hi fom cusod qui rt n wha a i eds ntnce ot ee n der r 983 ton ha d ee e m r t y cke ha t n mpos e e r quies Ide i t c tuet aci asa ii unde 28U. 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