Campbell v. Young et al, No. 7:2012cv00233 - Document 5 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 5/31/2012. (tvt)
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CLERKSOFFI U. . SX COURT CE S DI AT R- OG , < FIED L I TH E UN I D STATES DI N TE STR I CO U R T CT FO R TH E W E STERN D I STRI T O F V I G I I C R N A R O A N O K E DI I ON V SI SA ND R A F.CA M PBELL, MAt 3 1 2 1 92 J u , bk u D u < BY. ' :* c C A SE N O .7: 12CV 00233 Pl ntf ai if, M EM O M N DU M O PI O N NI V S. By: G l E.C onrad en C hi fU ni e St e D i t i Judge e t d at s s r ct DR. YOUNG,U AL. , Deendants. f t) Sa aF. mpbel aVigi ai t pr e ng pr K ,fl t scvi rght a ton ndr Cn l, r ni nma e oc edi o ied hi i l i s c i . purua t 42U. C.j1 ale ngt tmedialpes nelfie t pr dehera quae s nt o S. 983, lgi ha c ron ald o ovi de t m edi alc r . Upo r vi oft r c d,t cou tfndst tt a ton m us be s m a iy c ae n e ew he e or he r i ha he c i t um rl di m i s d astm eba r d t de t a i a e s a ut oflm ia i . s se i r e m r he pplc bl t t e i t tons I Ca mpbelal ge t f l ng s ue eofe n sr e ntt he cai Cn l le s he olowi eq nc ve t elva o r l ms. mpbe li a l s n i t a Fl nnaCore tona Ce trf W ome ( nmae t uvn rci l ne or n FCCW ) OnFe ay 1 201 Ca l . bnzr 2, 0, mpbel unde we a bi y f c r i a ca er per o m e by Dr Yot g. The doc orc a m a n a t r r nt ops or e v c l nc , f r d . m t ut i re y durng t pr e e, m e c lsa fwa a et so t bledi t tda Cn pbe lbeg i he oc dur but dia t f s bl o t p he e ng ha y. m l an notcng bl di agan on Fe a y 1 201 a we ba k t Dr Yot on Fe u r 1 i i ee ng i bnzr 7, 0, nd nt c o . mg br a y 9, 201 Thedo t di notpr vi a te t e .Ca 0. c or d o de ny r am nt mpbel c ntnuedt bl d a bec m e lo i o ee nd a wea O n Fe ua y 21 201 Ca pbe l' e outi pillne a 3: a. . St f pl c d he i k. br r , 0, m l t d bl n l i t 00 m ' a f a e r n ' t i imaya t ntans re he t t Uni riyofVigi a( he nfr r nd he r po td r o he vest r ni UVA)hos t ,buts was pial he notpr de a t e t e a eihe l a i ovi d ny r a m nt t t r oc ton. FCCW saf t a pore Ca pbe lba k t UV A hos t lo Fe ua y 24,201 w he e a t f r ns t d m l c o pia n br r 0, r doc ord e e up t a t y. Ca pbel w a s w e k t ts ha t us a whe l i . Tw o t çw d s he rer ' m ' l s o a ha he d o e e cha r da lt r sa fr tune Cn ys a e , t f e t- d mpbelt t hos t l whe e s t l o he pia, r he hough s woul r e vebl t he d ec i ood ta f i butt sdi no oc r Cn pbelwasad it d t t i im a y a FCCW t i t r ns uson, hi d t cu . m l m te o he ntr r t mtl he mi l ofAprl201 Shec i d t f lwe k durng t stm ea ne d awhe c i t dd e i 0. ontnue o ee a i hi i nd ede elhar o ge a ot t r md. Campbelsgne a daedhe j 1 c ai onM a 1 201 Shes sDr Yot l i d nd t r 983 ompl nt y 7, 2. ue . mg a Dr M c ona d f m e c lne i e nd . D l or di a glg nce. 11 Bec us nof rlsa eoflmiai a i i j1983acins s haci ae a e edea tmt i ttons pples n to , uc tons r g v r db tesaesau eo l tto a pia l frg nea p ro a ij r c s si t e o ene y h tt ttt f i ains p lc be o e rl e s n ln u y a e n h mi saewheet ale vi ai oc ur Owe v. ze 488U. 235,239- ( 98 . tt r he lged oltons c . ns Okt , r S. 40 1 9) Vigni' s u ef rg nea, e s n lnt ycams Va Co eAn . 8012 3 a, e u rsta r i as utt o e rlp ro a ijl li , . d n j . - 4 () rq ie h t r s h cli sbebr twihi t y r fo t tmewhe t a ton a r s.A cai unde uc am ough t n wo ea s r m he i n he c i cc ue lm r j1 3a r whe t pli ifposese s fce fcsa t ham donet he t t 98 ccues n he antf s s s ufiint a t bout he r o r ha r as bl i uiy wilr ve lhe c us ofaci n.Na i v. a de M d.Hous o Cor e ton, e ona e nq r l e a r a e to sm W r n. e f r ci 64F. 951 955(t Ci.1 )(nba ) i t sj1 3a toni comme e f 3d , 4h r 995 e nc.An nmae' 98 ci s nc d or pur e oft sa u eoflm ia i a s ashede i r hi c pos s he tt t i ttons s oon lve s s ompl ntt prs a ho ii sf r ai o ion ut rte o maln .Le sv Rih n Ci PoieDe t, 4 F.d 7 3, 3 - 6( t Ci.1 91 .I i g wi . c mo d t l i y c p .9 7 2 3 7 5 3 4h r 9 ) n Vigi aj 1 c e ,t n,i a i t hasnotdelveedherc antt prs ofi al fr r ni 983 ass he f n nmae ir ompli o ion fci s o m a lng w ihi t t o- a pe i f l i t tm ew he s knew orhad r on t know of ii t n he w ye r r od olow ng he i n he eas o h ralg dij r t t n t i b re b teVigni saueo lmiai n fo b igngs i. e le e nu y,ha i mae s ard y h r i a ttt f i tto s r m rn i ut Ca pbel' c a m s r gar ng m e c lc r pr ded t he i Fe u y t ough A prl m ls l i , e di di a a e ovi o r n br ar hr i 201 m us be s m a iy di m i s bec us t y a e un i e y f l d. Cn pbe ldi no de i r 0, t um r l s s ed, a e he r tm l ie m l d t lve he j 1 c antt prs ofkil frmalngt i M a 1 201 a t e ri t o sde r 983 ompli o ion t as o ii mtl y 7, 2, t he a les, uti 2 t t yea pe i f l ng t tm ewhe s k he wo- r rod olowi he i n he new o hadr s n t know ofhe aleg r ea o o r l ed ij re r ltdt teF b u r 2 0bip y.Th , mpb li b n'db t eVignasau eo n u is eae o h e r ay 01 o s us Cn el s a e y h r ii ttt f lm ia i fom brngi s t i t tons r i ng ui. The c ti r ui e t di m i sa ac i n orcl i fl by aprs raga ns a our s eq r d o s s ny to a m ied i one i t gove n e ale iy orofk e i t c tde e mi st a ton orc am i fi ous m ai i , r m nt ntt t r f he our t r ne he c i l i s 'vol , lcous r o fist saeacam o wh c r le ma b g a td 2 U. C. 1 5 b ( ) Ast c u t r al o tt li n ih eif y e r ne . 8 S. j 91 A( )1. he o r hasde e mi t tt sa ut oflmia i unquesina y pr desa afim ai de ens t t r ned ha he tt e i ttons to bl ovi n fr tve f e o t sci la ton,t cour w ils m a iy di m i st c pl ntasf i ous plr ua tt hi vi c i he t l um rl s s he om ai rvol , z s n o j1 5 b ( ) S eTo dv Ba k r il, 2F.d 7 7 ( t Ci.1 8 )( dngu d rfr r 91 A()1 . e d . s e vle 71 2 0, 4 4h r 9 3 fn i n e o me vesonofj1 5t tc t ys ri 91 ha our ma ummaiydimisa fi ousacai clarybar by rl s s s rvol l m e l red a ia esaut oflmiai orot afr tved e e. pplc bl tt e i ttons her fimai efns ) Morover Cn e , mpbel' algai fit saea cai acina eunderj 1 ls le tons al o tt ny l m to bl 983. A j1 pli ifmus esa iht ts hasbe de i dofrg sg a e dbyt 983 antf t tbls ha he en prve iht uarnte he Cons i i orl w s oft U nied St t a t tt sde i ton r uled f o c tt on a m he t a es nd ha hi pr va i es t r m onduc t c mmitdb ap ro a tn t e c lro saelw.W etv At is 4 7U. 4 ( 98 ) A o te y es n cig md r o o f tt a s . kn , 8 S. 2 1 8 . pr s ofk i l s de i a e i f e e e t a i a e' s r ousm e c nee vi a est Ei ht i on t a ' lber t ndif r nc o n nm t s e i di al ds ol t he g h Ame me .SeeEselev. mbl 429U. 97,1 ( 976 .A prs ofiili ç i r t y nd nt t l Ga e, S. 02 1 ) ion fca s t be ael del i fe e 'i heors i ndif r nt' f he t knowsofa dir r a exc svers t i t he t ors ey' nd sega ds n es i ik o nma e alh af t ' andr s ndslnras nabl t t rs Fn me v. e n,511U. 8 837( 4) Ont epo l e o y o he ik. r r Brnna S. 25, 199 . he ot ha a cl m c her nd, ai once ni a m e e di ag ee e be w e n an i a e a m e c lper o l r ng r s r m nt t e nm t nd di a s nne r ga di di nos sa c r e oft e t e doesnoti plc t t Ei h A m e e . W r a e r ng ag i nd ou s r a m nt m i a e he ght ndm nt i ht v Coln , 6 F.d8 , 4 (t Ci. 98 ) . l s 7 6 2 41 8 9 4h r 1 5 .Queto so me ia j d me taen ts b e t o i sin f d c l u g n r o u j c t j ca rviw underj 1 Ruselv.Shefr 5 F. 31 (t Ci.1 ) M e c l udiil e e 983. s l fe , 28 2d 8 4h r 975 . dia 3 mal a tc doe notsa eaf der lcli ,Ese l,429 U. a 1 1 no doe me e pr c ie s t t e a am t le S. t 05- 06, r s r ne i nc i di noss Sos be v. u p 797F. 1 ( hCi.1 6) glge e n ag i. e e M r hv, 2d 79 4t r 98 . Unde t s prnc pl ,Cn pbe l sale tons do no s a e a c a m a tona e t de r he e i i es m l' l ga i t t t ny l i c i bl m r j1 983.Ca mpbeldoesnotalget ta oft me c safa FCCW i e hermedial l le ha ny he dial tf t gnord c pr blm s By he o a oun ,sa fpe f m e abi y onhera t pr m ptm e lr t o e . r wn cc t t f ror d ops nd ook o aszes o so t bl e ngt toc ure asar ul oft tpr du e W he s ebl di r c r t p he e di ha c r d es t ha oce r . n om ee ng eoc m ed, wihi da ,adocore t n ys t xami Ca ned mpbe la FCCW , nd whe t bledi c i d,sa f l t a n he e ng ontnue t f pl c d Ca pbe li t i i m a y a t n t a pore he t t hos t lf f rhe e m i to ae m l n he nfr z nd he r ns td r o he pia or u t r xn na i n. Les t n t o w e ks a t t bi ps s a fa r nge f r Ca pbe lt ha a slgi lpr dur t s ha w e fer he o y, t f r a d o m l o ve tr ca oce e o co r tt pr em a t n monior d he r co r i t i ima ywhe s r ur d t rec he obl nd he t e r e ve y n he nfr r n he et ne o FCCW .Att mos,Ca he t mpbel hassa e he dia e m e wih t tm i oft m e c l l tt d r s gr e nt t he i ng he di a e ua i a team e t tsa fpr de wih r ga d t he bl edng c ton. Suc m e e val tons nd r t nt ha tf ovi d t e r o r e i ondii h r dia ee t bewe n docora pa intc nnots s gr men s t e t nd te n uppor afndi ofdei r t i fe e s t i ng lbe a e ndif r nce o ast sa ea c tt tonalcai r a di me c c r o tt onsiu i l m eg r ng di al a e.Thus Cn , mpbelsa l to pr e l' legai ns es nt noa tona ej1 3cli rgadi herme ca cae ci bl 98 am e r ng di l r. Fo t er ao sae ,h c u t imissCa b l' c mpan wih u p eu ie r h e s ns ttd te o r ds se mp els o lit t o t rj dc , ptruan t j 1 5 b)1,a bardbyt s ut oflmiai a t ,l alyfi ous ls t o 91 A( ( ) s re he àt e i ttons nd,hus eg l rvol . TheClr i die t d t s nd c pi oft sme o a l opi on a a ompa ng or rt e k s r c e o e o es hi m r ndtm ni nd cc nyi de o pli if antf fd y tva , 2. sxTsR:Ths A l a o- y 201 i 4 Chi Unie St t s D it i tJ ef t d a e s rc udge 4