Arehart v. Jennings, No. 7:2012cv00215 - Document 22 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 09/25/2012. (kab)
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CL ERKS OFFI U. . ST. CE 8 DI COURT AT ROANQKE, VA FI LED sE? 25 2 1 22 I TH E UN I ED STATES DI N T STR I C O U RT CT FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI O F VI G I A CT R NI R O AN O K E D I ISIO N V R O NA LD A R EH A RT , JULA C. I DUDL , FY CLERK n: v yz CA SE N O .7: cv12- 215 Pl nt f , ai i f M EM O M N D U M O PI IO N N VS. G R EG O R Y H O LLO W A Y ,ET AL . , By: Jam es C .T urk Seni Unied St es D i ri Judge or t at st ct Defendant s. Ro l A r ha t a V igi a i a e pr ee ng pr K ,fl t sc vi r ght a ton na d e r , r ni nm t oc di o ied hi i l i s c i purua t 42U. C.j1 alegi t tDefnda tprs n ofiil vi aedhi Fis a s nt o S. 983, l ng ha e n io fcas olt s rt nd Fouree h Ame e rght by dicplni hi f rnots vi hi b r des t t i t nt ndm nt i s s i i ng m o ha ng s ea d, pie her knowl dge t ts vi vi a e hi r lg ousbe i f .Def nda t ha fl a M oto f e ha ha ng ol t s s e i i le s e n s ve ied i n or SummayJ me ( No.1 ,asetngt tPl ntf fie t exha tadmi srtve r udg nt ECF 6) s ri ha ai if ald o us nitai r m edi s a r uie unde 42 U .S. j1 e e s eq r d r C. 997ea . Clr is aRos bor 1notc t () The ek sued e o ie o Pl i ifa Pl i ifr po d,m a ng t m a t rrpe f di pos ton. fe r vi w oft a ntf nd a ntf es nde ki he te i or s ii A t r e e he rc d,t Cour grnt Dee nt'moto unde j1 ()ast Defnda Holowa bu e or he t a s fnda s in r 997ea o e nt l y, t de e i a t D ef ntJ nni . ni s t s o enda e ngs 1 . FA C TS A . Event Underl ng Pl nt f sA legat ons s yi ai if' l i Rona d A r ha t a k/ H as n Ba ,i a ' hie M us i . He a desby t tsha ia l e r, / a a yadi s t t W lm ' ' bi he û r ' h La sofl l m ,'whi h r uie t he nots ve hi be r Pl ntf a l ge t ton Fe ua y 24, w sa ' c eq r hat ha s a d. ai i f le s ha br r 201 safa t AugusaCore tonalCe e (û 'ga hi adiec or rt s vehi 2, tf the t rci ntr t ACC' ve m r t de o ha s ) 1ROS bor v. Ga f n,5 F.d30 ( t Ci. 97 ) e o r%o 28 2 9 4 h r 1 5 , be r whi h her us t do on r lgi gr unds. ar ul,sa fa ACC c r hi wih a d, c ef ed o e i ous o As es t t f t ha ged m t diobe ng a or r O n M a c 23, 2,s a fc r d hi a i w ih r us ng t s ve a s yi n de . rh 201 t f ha ge m ga n t ef i o ha nd f lng t a de by t i tt i s g oom i polc Pl i ifaleg t tt A CC wa d aii o bi he ns iuton' r ng i y. a ntf l es ha he r en, De e f ndan J nni , he punihe hi mor s ve ey t waswa r nt d by pl c nghi i t e ngs t n s d m e e r l han ra e ai m n s gr ga i r i i hi s c iy l velf om #4 t #5 a t a f r i hi o A pr l20,201 t e e ton, a sng s e urt e r o , nd r ns e rng m n i 2o W alnsRi eStt Prs ($ RSP') le dg ae ion ' W '. Si e hi a r va a W RSP, ai t f ale t tD ef ntH olo a war n a W RSP, nc s r i l t Pl n if l ges ha enda l w y, de t hasc i d tea i hi lke a ç s i i r i a e 'a ke hi i s gr ton. lhoug ontnue r tng m i û c plna y nm t ' nd pt m n e ega i A t di h t r i a s i housng uni a W RSP f prs ne swhof i t f l t g oomi polc f he e s pecal i tt or io r al o olow he r ng iy or r lgi r a ons Pl i ifha notbe al we t e t rt tuni. antf a lgest tt r a o e i ous e s , antf s en lo d o n e ha t Pl i if le ha he e s n he w a no a s gne t t uni i t tHoloway tdoe notw a a M us i i t tuni. Fi ly, s t s i d o he t s ha l s s nt lm n ha t' na l ' Pli ifal ge t tW RSP sa fha t d hi t c t tM usi sha no rg sa W RSP. antf le s ha t f ve ol m wi e ha lm ve i ht t B. V D O C G ri evance Procedures Bec us D e enda s a l e Pl i i ff ie t e us hi a i sr tve r m edi s i i a e f nt leg a ntf a l d o xha t s dm ni t a i e e ,t s ne es a y t de a lt a nita i r m e p oc dur oft Vigi a De rm e tof c s r o t i he dmi sr tve e dy r e e he r ni pa t n Core to (t rcins t VDOC',s touti Opeai Pr e e8 1(t 866.' Ani t mus trt ' e ) n rtng oc dur 66. 1OP 13. nmae tis m a a goo f t ef or t i onualy r s ve hi gre nce a ke d aih f t o nf l e ol s i va bouta i de by s itng a n nci nt ubm ti n i o m a co pl n . fdi s ts i d w ih t r s nf r l m ai t I s a i fe t he e pons t hi i onna c pl i ,t i a e m a e o s nf l om a nt he nm t y t n fl a r gul g i va e w ihi 30 da oft i de , ih t i or a c pl i and he ie e ar r e nc t n ys he nci nt w t he nf m l om a nt r s eatac d. e pons t he OP 8 1 pr dest e l l ofr vi w f r gul r g i va s The W a de o 66. ovi hr e eve s e e or e a r e nce . r n r Su rnt nde toft f ciiy c pe i e n he a lt onduc sLe lIr vi w sa m us r pond t t r a g i va e t ve e e nd t es o he egul r r e nc wihi 30 days.W hen t Levellr ew paperwor i r ur t t i at i i udest tte t n he evi k s et ned o he nm e, t ncl he il 2 and a r s whe et i t m a f r r hi a ali hei dis tsi d wih t Le lI dd e s r he nma e y o wa d s ppe f s s a ife t he ve r pons .The R e onalD ie t pr vi s Le 1 r vi w ofgre es e gi r c or o de vel 1 e e i vanc notr a e t m e c es el t d o di al ca e ortm e c put ton.Fo t e i s esa r i om a i r hos s u ppea abl t Le l1 1 t Chi ofCor e tons l e o ve 1 , he ef r ci Ope a i o D iec or oft V D OC co r tons r r t he nduc sa r e oft r ul rgreva . t evi w he eg a i nce A l i s s a e g i va e e e t e pe t i ng t polc e , oc dur , de i i of l s ue r r e bl xc pt hos r a ni o i i s pr e es and c sons t Vig ni Pa ol Boa d, s i i r he rngs St t a Fede a Co tde sons lwsand he r i a r e r dicplna y a i , ae nd r l ur cii , a r ul i ,a ot rm a tr be eg atons nd he te s yond t c r o t VD O C. he ontol f he Thos gre nc t tdo no e i va es ha t m e tt flng r quie e sof OP 866. a e r t ne t t of e r wihi 2 w or ng da e he ii e r m nt 1 r e ur d o he f nde t n ki ys f om t da e ofr c i tnotng t r a on f t r t n on t i t ke s c i oft g i va r he t e ep i he e s or he e ur he n a e ton he r e nce f m . ofe ri i tuce ho t r m e a pr blm swih t gre nc when f a i e. or The f nde s nsr td w o e dy ny o e t he i va e e sbl A c pyi ma ofalgre nce a rt nedt t ofe rwiht j tfcai f rt n o s de 1 iva s nd eur o he fnde t he usii ton or eur notd on t s ond pa oft g i va e f e he ec ge he re nc onu.I an ofe f fnderwihesr vi oft i ake s e ew he nt de s on on any gre cii i vanc ,he m a s nd t greva e t t a i a e Regi lOm buds a es y e he i nc o he pplc bl ona m n f a de e na i The e i no f t rr vi w oft i a dec s on. or t nni ton. r s ur he e e he nt ke i i C. Pl ntf ' G r e nceA t e pt ai if s i va tm s A st t e nt a A CC,Pl i ifa t m pt d t fl a r a g i va on M a c 1 o he ve s t a ntf te e o ie egul r r e nce r h 6, 201 i whi hheco ai d abo beng c r d f rno s vi a desrng ar t r t t 2, n c mpl ne ut i ha ge o t ha ng nd ii e u n o he Ge r lPopul ton w iho s vi hi be d. ne a ai t ut ha ng s ar The g i va w a no a e e f i ake r e nce s t cc pt d or nt be a edici i y c r a enotgre bl ( No.1 - a 9. Pli ifa ae t itke c us s plnar hages r iva e.ECF 72 t ) antf ppe ld he na d ii t t Re ona Ombuds n, uphedt d ii ( No.1 2a 11) ecson o he gi l ma who l he ecson.ECF 7- t . A st t e nt a W RSP, M a l 201 Pl i ifa t m pt d t fl a r ul r o he ve s t on y 5, 2, a ntf te e o ie eg a greva e r r ng bei puni he f be ng a whie M us i by be ng pl ce i s r to a i nc ega di ng s d or i t lm i a d n eg ega i n nd notbei alwe t gr abe r ( No.1 4a 8. Thegreva ewasrc ve onM a 1 ng lo d o ow a d. ECF 7- t ) i nc e ei d y 7, 201 buti w a nota ce e f i a be us ofi ufi e i or a i Pl ntf wasa s d 2, t s c pt d or nt ke ca e ns tci nt nf m ton. ai i f dvi e t rs tt gre nc wihaco ofhi l fnn.( No.1 4a 9. o eubmi he iva e t py s CA o ECF 7- t ) W a de Holow a t n r s r n l y he e ponde t a w rte r que tf om Pl i ifon ora do it n e s r a ntf boutM a 1 y 8, w he ei Holow a i or e Pl ntf t the ha t r a n non- m pla w ih t gr i r n l y nf m d ai if ha d o em i co i nt t he oom ng poiyf oneyea beor hewo dbeei bl t e e t s i housnguni.( No.1 4 lc or r fe ul lgi e o ntr he pecal i t ECF 7- a 1 )Pli ift nfld a i or c anto M a 20,201 a rcevedar pons fo t 3. antf he ie n nf mal ompli n y 2 nd e i es e r m U ni M a t nage Far i on M a 24,e a ni t tW a de H olow a w a c r t and i a e nt r rs y xpl i ng ha r n l y s or ec , n ny ve , t uniwa c rntyf l ( No.1 4a 1 )Pl ntf t tl ar ulrgre nc onM a he t s ure l ul. ECF 7- t 3. ai if hen ied eg a iva e y 24 a W a de Holow a conduc ed t Leve lr vi w,c pl tng i o J 1 W a de nd r n l y t he l e e om e i t n une 4. r n Holo y' rs ns e s ntal afr dwha Uni Ma ge Farsha s i ( No.1 4 a lwa s epo e s e ily fime t t na r ri d ad. ECF 7- t 11.Pli ifdi nota alt Le ll. ) antf d ppe o ve l II. LEG A L STA N DA R D ThePrs Lii tonReor Ac (TLRA')pr vi s n ion tgai f m t$ ' o de , mongot t ngs t ta her hi , ha pr s rc o brng a c vi a ton c i one mm t i i l c i once ni prs condii nsuntlhe ha fr te us e r ng i on to i s is xha t d a lbl a nitai r vaia e dmi srtve emedis Nus l v. tr 534U. 51 524( e . se Pore, S. 6, 2002) Thi e usin . s xha to r qui e e applest C li m a e s t ,whe he t y i ve ge r c r um s a esorpa tc a e r m nt i o t n t uis al t r he nvol ne al i c t nc r i ul r e s s ...whe he t y a l e es i f c o s e ot rwr ' a w he he t f m of pi ode , t r he lege xc s ve or e r om he ong, nd ' t r he or r le t i a e s e i a l e t r ug e us i ofa i s r tve r m e es I To co pl e i f he nm t e ks s vaiabl h o h xha ton dm nit a i e di . d. m y wih j1 () a i emus f l e chse oft etbls da nitai pr e et t t 997ea , n nmat t olow a tp he sa ihe dmi sr tve oc dur ha t sa epr de t prs r a me ta lde dlne wihi t tpr e ebe or flnghi he tt ovi s o ione s nd e 1 a i s t n ha oc dur f e ii s j 1 aci Se W oodf dv. 983 ton. e or Nao,5 U. 81 90- ( 48 S. , 94 2006) . 4 11 1. AN ALY SIS A. Cl m sA gai Jenni f Event atA C C ai nst ngs or s Pl i ifs M a c 1 greva e a A CC w a no a ce t d f i a be us di c plna y a ntf r h 6 i nc t s t c p e or nt ke ca e s i i r c r esa e no gr e bl Pl i i fa a e t de i i nott a c hi gr e nce f i a , ha g r t i va e. a ntf ppe l d he c son o c ept s i va or nt ke butt Re onalOm buds a uphel t de s on. nd a Connor t c t a oft he gi m n d he ci i Sa r , he us odi n he gre ercodsa ACC,saed,tgl ei nof t r viw oft itkede ii 'The ivanc e r t tt tther s urher e e he na cson. ' PLRA m er l r quie t a pr s r e us d uc a i s r tve r m e esasa e a ia e ' e y e r s hat i one xha t d h dm nit a i e di s r va l bl .' 42U. C.j 1 () Defnda saseti t i bre t tPlitf ds te nogre nc S. 997ea . e nt s r n her if ha anif tubmitd iva es c e ni t aleg a tonsby J nni , butofe no e a ton a t how Pli ifdi not onc r ng he l ed c i e ngs' ' f r xplnai s o antf d e us hi r m e e . ai i fa al d t de a ofi a a t Reg ona Om buds a xha t s e di s Pl ntf ppe e he ni l nt ke nd he i l m n de e t a al N o o he a a w asa ia e t Pl ntf . ni d he ppe . t r ppe l va l bl o ai if Ther f e, ai i fe use hi e or Pl ntf xha t d s c ai s a i tJ l i and Def nda s m oton i de e ast cl i s a i tJ nni . l m ga ns e m ngs e nt ' i s ni d o a m ga ns e ngs B. C l m s A gai tH olow ay f Event atW R SP ai ns l or s I i unco r r e by t Pl i ift the f ied t pur ue hi a ts nt ove t d he a ntf ha al o s s ppea pas Le l1 l t ve , de pie t i t uc i f r a al o Leve 1 be ng cl a l wrte o t Le l1gre nc s t he ns r tons o ppe t l1 i e r y it n n he ve i va e r s e.ECFNo.1 4 a 11)Bec us Pli ifdi note us Euc a nitai rme es epons ( 7- t . a e antf d xha ti h dmi srtve e di s a ar a lbl,'hePLRA bashi j 1 cli . r or t Cour grnt s s e vaia e't r s 983 ams Theef e,he t a s ummay r j udgme oncli agans Defnda Holowa f fiu et e us a rquie by42U. C. nt ams i t e nt l y or alr o xha t s e r d S. j1 ( ) 997e a. IV. C O NC LU SIO N Fort saedras ,heCour g a sdee nt'motonf s he tt e ons t t r nt fnda s i or umma yj r udgme unde nt r j1 ()ast Deenda Holowa butde est moi ast Dee ntJ nni . 997ea o f nt l y, ni he ton o fnda e ngs An a opra e or rw ile e t s d ppr i t de l nt r hi ay. The Cl r i di e t d t s nd c e oft sm e or ndum opi on and a com pa ng e k s r c e o e opi s hi m a ni c nyi or rt t pr s Pl ntf a c de o he o e ai i f nd ouns ofr c d f rt D e e nt . el e or o he f nda s E E T i XSr yo-etmbr2 1. NT R: hs ia f pe e,02 s J J H n.J m e C.Tur n s k enl U nie St t D i ti t udge or t d a es s r c