Noble v. UnKnown, No. 7:2012cv00208 - Document 2 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 05/23/2012. (kab)
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CLERK' OFFI u. Dt lCOURT S CE s. s' l M NM E, VA z Fl D L MA 23 2 t I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI CT RGI A NI R OA N O K E DIV ISIO N JU e L . % C C i lA cton N o.7: vi i 12-cv00208 R O BERT EA RL N O BLE, Pett oner, ii M E M O R AN D UM O PI O N M By: U NK N O W N , R espondent. H on.Jacks L.K i e on sr Se or U ni e St t sD i t i tJudge ni t d a e src ie tto or i Rober Ear N obl ,a f de alpr s rpr e ng pr x ,fl d a pe ii n f a w rtof t l e e r i one oce di o . ' j ma mus purua t 28U. C.j1 ()wihj idito ve t i 28U. C.jl nda , s nt o S. 651a t urs cin sed n S. 361. Pe ii rr ue t awrtofmandn ttone eq ss i must pr ve Bu e u ofPrs saf a t Unie St t s o e nt r a ions t f t he t d a e Pe t nta y i Le Count V igi a f om d t oyi C ul or evi nc ' pur ua t Br nie i r n e y, r ni , r es r ng t exc pat y de es' s nt o ady v. avlnd, U. 83,8 ( 963) a UniedSttsv. e 473U. 667,682( 985 . M r a 373 S. 7 1 , nd t ae Bacly, S. 1 ) Pe ii ri c ge w ih a i tt i li r c i ofde toyi gove nm e pr ry w orh ttone s har d t n ns iutona nf a ton s r ng r nt ope t t m or t n $1 a he be ive prs vi o r c di pr hi i e ha 00, nd le s ion de e or ngs ove s nnoce e. Peii ral ge nc ttone le s t tB OP of i a sdet r i t tt prs vi o r or ngsa e t r e e nt' o t i r c i ha fci l e m ned ha he i on de ec di r d r l va ' t he nf a ton. i ' @ ' Pe ii ra kno l dgest the i s l tt a a i sr tve a ton, ta crm i lpr e uton. ttone c w e ha s ub ec o n dm ni ta i c i no i na os c i Ma ndam us i a d a tc r m e a s d onl be us d i extaor na y c r um s a es s r s i e dy nd houl y e n r di r i c t nc . Kerv. tdSttsDit Co t426U. 39 402( 976) l r Bead,811F. 818 8 ( h r Unie ae s. ur, S. 4, 1 ;n e r 2d , 26 4t Ci.1 ) Thus ma musr ifi a lbl onl whe apeii rhasace r undiputbl r 987 . , nda ele s vaia e y n ttone la, s a e rghtt t r le s ughta hasno ot ra ua e m e nst a t i t de ie r i . A li i o he e i f o nd he deq t a o ta n he s r d elef led Che Cor v. fo l ,449U. 33,35( 980) l r Fis Fed.Sa & Loa As ' 8 m. p. Dailn.nc. S. 1 ; n e rt v. n sn, 60 F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1988) A pettone mus as esa iht tt r pondi paryha a 2d 35, 38 4t r . ii r t lo tbls ha he es ng t s c e r d y t do t s i ac r que t t a tr ques e i a of i i lac ordut a t l a ut o he pec lc t e s ed; he c e t d s n fc a t y; nd he 1Peii rdi notpa t $350 flngf er rd by28U .S. j1 4 a b tise ds n a u s lctd$ p ril ttone d y he ii e equie C. 91 () u n ta e t n n oiie 5 at a pa e be or t c tde er i an i ta flng f e as es me ,pus a t o28U. C. 1 l ( ) Th c u t ym nt f e he our t m ned nii l ii e s s nt ru n t S. j 9 5b . e o r c i r pe ii rspa-alpa onsde s ttone ' li ymentasar ques t pr e j fr apa rx. t e t o oc ed .q o m upe i is a c o t ewrtwil u te j tc .Untd Sae e r lRa nv. c l vAso ss C. su n e f h i l f rh r usie ie tts x e . hma On ooc s c .P. , 201F. 277,28 ( hCi.1 . 3d 6 4t r 999) Pe ii rf l t e t bls a c ea a undi put bl rghtt c pelBO P ofi i l t ttone ais o s a i h l r nd s a e i o om tc a s o pr erve t vi recor ngs asexcul or evi es he deo di pat y dence. The dut t revealexcul or yo pat y i o m a i a di cus ed i Br a Bacl v, pplest pr e ut s i c i i lpr e utons nf r ton, s s s n Ady nd e a i o os c or n r m na os c i . Br dv and Ba e do noti pes a du y on BO P of i al t ti e or abl vi m a m us a al v m e t fci s ha s nf ce e a nda . BO P ofi i l de e m i ton t tt prs vi o r cor ngs ha no pr tve va ue a s fc a s' t r na i ha he i on de e di ve oba i l lo pr cudesma musrle .SeeW or v.Unie Stt e r . ve ,267U. 1 1 ( 925) el nda eif k td aes x elRi s S. 75, 77 1 (e ni ngmandn i t compe ami seila tandc nno beus t compelorc r a rcog zi mus s o l nitra c a t ed o ontol dic ei r dut .Peiine hasnotye bee c cedoft admi sr i i r ton,a sr tonay y) tto r t n onvit he nitatve nfaci nd de ndi on t out om e oft ad i s r tve pr e ng,he m a c le a i tt tona pe ng he c he m ni t a i oc edi y ha l nge n ns iu i l co ci byapeii f awrtofha ascopus purua t 28U. C.j2241 Ac r ngl nviton tton or i be r , s nt o S. . co di y, pe ii ne f ist es a ih a e il m e t a m ' ofm a m us pe ii ri g a e l a t tto r a l o t bls ny ntte nt o i t nda , ttone s r nt d e ve o p o e dm fr p u rs a dt sa to i d s se wi u p eu ie r c e i o ma a pei, n hi cin s imis d t t rj d c . ho TheClr i die t t s nd co e oft sM e a e k s r c ed o e pis hi mor ndum Opi on a t a c ni nd he c ompa ng nyi Or t pettoner. der o ii EN TER :Thi da ofM a 201 y y, 2. Se ni U nie St t D i ti tJ t d a es s r c udge