Bane v. Virginia Department Of Corrections et al, No. 7:2012cv00159 - Document 42 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 12/28/2012. (tvt)
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co - s OFFI U.:. :m O URT CE Dl ATROANOKE,VA FIED L I TH E UN I N TED STA TES DI STR I CO UR T CT FO R TH E W E STER N DI RI O F V I G I I ST CT R N A ROANOKE DI I ON V SI DE2 2 s2 1 22 J UL BY; D DLEY, CLERK D PUTY CL ERK R O BER T A LLEN B AN E, Ci lA c i n N o. 7: c 1 vi t o : 12- v- 59 Pl ntf , ai if M e or m andum O pi on ni V. V I G I I D EPAR TM EN T O F R N A CO R R ECTI N S,e a . O t I, H on. 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Ano he e f toft i r s s c iy i Ad Seg i t twhe ve a prs ri a l d t r fec he nc ea ed e urt n s ha ne r ione s lowe t l vet c l- f exa e,f s o ea he e l or mpl or howe sorr c e ton- he m us kne ,wih handsbe nd hi r e rai t el t hi s ba k,f i a y f o t celdoors t tprs sa fca plc li i r tant .St f f ce c acng wa r m he l o ha ion t f n a e zm n esr i s a f or d Pl n if s c planc w ih t s r qui e en , des t Pl i ifs pr t t t t he ha bee ai t f ' om i e t hi e r m t pie a ntf o es s ha d n 2 e mpt d fo kne lng by t VDOC He t Se vce Diecor The kneei aleg y c us d xe e r m ei he alh r i s r t . lng l edl a e Pl ntf g ea pa n;i a ton t t ne ve dn ai if r t i n ddii o he r mage i hi l gs he s f r fom ose rlrtsi n s e , ufe s r t oa t ii n z t hi a kne .Se ECF No.1 2,YaesAf.! 9.On Ocobe 27,2011 t da a t hi he ps nd es e 9- t f t r , wo ys fer s e r ncei o Ad Se Def nda Dr Ca oppo e mi Pli iff rapos i ewave fom t nta nt g, e nt . ci xn ned antf o sbl i r r he kneei r quie nta detr i d t ta wave wasnotne s a y.A st Ntr e Yaesa lng e r me nd e m ne ha i r ce s r o ls s t nd M ic l,Pl ntf al gest tt y di notpr de hi wih a whee c i a trhi 1g see t he l ai if le ha he d ovi m t l har fe s e l ves a c uth we ec icaed,nordi t y s e t r t ofhi see sa cr t h. nd r c r onfs t d he e k he eum s l ve nd u c Afe t n days o o a tr e , n r boutNove be 5,2011 Ba was r ea ed fom Ad Se a m r , ne el s r g nd r t ne t t ge r lpo a i e m- d o he ne a pulton. 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S mmayj d me ti p o rwh r th r i n g n ieis a t a y maeil a ta d u r u g n s r pe ee t e e s o e un sue s o n tra fc n t t emo ig p ry i e tte t j d me ta amatro lm 'F d R.Ci P.5 () A g n ie h vn a t s n ild o u g n s te f a ' e . v. 6c . e un 3 is ofma e i lf c e sswhe a r tona f c fnde ,c i rng t e de e i t s s ue t ra a t xit n a i l a ti r onsde i he vi nc n he umma y r j g n rc r , o l fn i fv ro ten n mo i gp ry. c i De tfn ,5 7U.. 5 , ud me t e o d c u d id n a o . f h o - v n a t Ric v. s ea o 5 S 5 7 5 6( 0 9 . u r j g n s ul b e tr di t Co r fn s a trasmp o srve o 8 2 0 ) S mmay ud me t ho d e nee f he u t i d , fe c ulu e iw f t r c r , h tn r a o a l j r c u drt r av r itfrten n mo i p ry Se Ev nsv. he e o d t a o e s n be u y o l eun edc o h o - vng a t. e a Te h. iai & Sey, ,80F. 954,959( hCi.1 ) c Applc tons r Co. 3d 4t r 996 . 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Ca ic tnc ' mpbelv.He t Coe ' l wit lmam & Asoc .I ,21F. 52,55 ( h Ci.199 . s s. nc. 3d 4t r 4) Them ovi pa t bea st bm de t esa ih et rt a e e ofa g ne is ofm ae i l ng ry r he n o t bls ihe he bs nc enui s ue t ra f tort a enc ofe de et s ppor t nonac he bs e vi nc o u t he movi pa t sca e. LC Aut ,53 F.d a ng ry' s M o. 2 3 t 281. 1 1. 1 C LA I S M By t Cour ' c he ts ount Ba i c r nty pur ui t f l i s ve ee cl i s , ne s ur e l s ng he olow ng e nt n a m . Cl m ai D N es i i ofCl m crpton ai um be r Fa lzet Pr vi Le l< ' ilr o o de ve : F' 1 Dia lt Ac omm oda i ,ECF No. s biiy c tons 1 Com 1 a 6. , .t Conts ai ofLeg Sl e a i c ton e ves nd 2 Cr t h W hie i Ad Seg.ECF No.1 uc l n , Co 1 a 7. m .t De a ofW he l hai W hiei Ad nil ec r l n 3 Seg. 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Th s s v r in i nt d e n tb rBa e scamsf rijmcier l f Se S. t 5 - 64 u , o eeg mmu i o s o a n ' li o nt tv ei . e y e i.Th t h we e ,la st a oh rp o lm:wh t e Ba e ha sa dn t p ru ij n tv ps a, o v r e d o n te r b e eh r n s tn ig o u s e n u cit r le f ditnc pa t hn ms The pa tes ha not bref d t is ,but f de alcours a e e if or si t s r . ri ve i e he s ue e r t r oblgaed t s s e e mi sa ng,e n i t pa tesha notr s d i.Be m v.Civ i t o ua pont xa ne t ndi ve f he ri ve aie t nha t ofChal t N. , F. 1 1 ( h Ci.2011. rotes C.635 3d 29, 34 4t r ) Th Su e Co r d suse t e is o sa dn t se ijmci e rle f rpat e prme u t ic sd h sue f tn ig o e k n t tv eif o s hamsi Ciy ofLos Anceesv.Lvons 461 U. 95 ( 98 ,whee a ma came t tLos r n t l , S. 1 3) r n li d ha Ang ls p lc ha p a e h m i a c o e l a d h s u h ij n tv r le a an tftze ee oie d lc d i n h k hod n e o g t nu cie eif g is ul r 4Ther tonal ofEx Pa t Youngi t s r i i ai e re s hat ove er mmuniy i i e d t pr t tt saes f t s nt nde o oec he tt ' undsfom r e p ndtr. th we e,h panif nl se ij ncier l ftert naefri nt i no i lc td x e i e Il o v r te litfo y eks nu tv ei h ai l o mmu iy s tmpiae . u e o 6 c o e ls Th S p e Co r hed t a t e ma lc e sa dng t p ru ij n tv r le h k hod . e u r mt u t l h t h n a k d tn i o u s e n u cie eif û bs nta r la i e a e t e t ofa i bei c t e a ea nd mm dit hr a ga n ng hoked.'Br antv.Che v,924 F. 5 ' y ne 2d 25, 529( h Ci.1 )( s rbi Lyons.I t wor oft Fourh Cic t 4t r 991 de ci ng ) n he ds he t rui, The Lyons r l i a va iton on alo1 t m e Ari l 1I of t Consiuton ue s ra i r d he - tce I he tt i lmistej s ito o f d rlc u t t c s so c nr v ris Do ti e lk i t h midcin f e ea o rs o a e r o to e se . crn s ie sa ng,moot s ,a rpe s a e sm pl s e sofAri e 11 sc m m a t t t ndi ne s nd i ne s r i y ubs t tcl I ' o nd ha t co t r ol diput s r t rt n e i r ndom ad c The courss d be he urs es ve s e , a he ha m t a vie. t houl e pe a l mi uloft slmie r e whe t y a e a ke t a r pr peci s cily ndf hi i t d ol n he r s d o wa d os tve e t bl r le i t a ofdn ag f a c r t oa thn m.a a pl ntf spa t nuia e ei f nse d m es or onc e e s r nd ai if s ijr d e no n c s ai c n e sa ig u o hm t e j i t p si it o nu y o s t e e s rl o fr tndn p n i o n on he o sbl y f y i f tr i ure . utle ni i s Che v,9 F. a 529 (mphassadde .Howe r ç pli ifne d no pr t ts i ne 24 2d t e i d) ve , ç antf e t ove ha he s a g rn e d t s fraf t r ijly i o d rt h vesa dn Rah r % s f in l eio d'o uaa te o ufe uu e nt n r e o a tn ig. te , a u fce t i l o f r k h e ot ei s f ur ha i ge r l s fcintt pemi a pli ift s k ij tve nc mtrng ome ut e nn s nealy ufi e o r t antf o ee nunci r le . Eg a Riht Ct, . eco i & Fic Co, 6 F. u p. d51 ,51 ( Md. 0 , eif' u l g s r v Ab rr mbe th .7 7 S p 2 0 6 D. 201 ) ' onrc i rtoni pa t(a 31 2011 ( i Lvons 461U. a 111. e onsdeai n r J n. , ) quotng , S. t ) Thes me r eobt i i ADA c es Se Gr or v.Ot c I s F.Supp. 7 77 a ul ans n as . e ec v a . nc.247 2d 64, 0 ( M d.2003)(tnADA c s ,coursha hedt apl ntf doe notha sa ngt obti D. d l a es t ve l hat ai if s ve tndi o an ij n tv rle i h c n o d mo sr t al eif ta h wi s fe f tr ds rmiaina n u cie eif f e a n t e n tae i l md h t e l u fr uu e ici n to t k h l t h n so t d f n a t';Aii v.S .Hee a Ho p, 4 F.Su p.1 2 ,1 3 ( D. l he a d f he ee d n . kns t ln s .8 3 ) p 3 9 3 3 N. Ca . 1 9 ) (ç panif s e i gijmcierle p e s d u o a alg d pat wr n mu t 9 4 1A) litf e k n nt tv eif rmie p n n le e s o g s ( d mo srt a te la i d ae tr a'o rpe td ft r ha n t stsy t e ij r i fd e n tae r a nd mme it h e t f e ae u u e n o aif h nu y n a p o g o tesa dngts.)( u t Ly n , U. a 1 ) M a y oh rc s sc u db ctd, r n f h tn i e t' q oi ' ng o s 461 S. t 05 . n te ae o l e ie butt alsa f t s m epr ii t tt r m us beGsufi i n i medic a r a iy' hey 1 t nd or he a oposton: ha he e t ts fc e t m a y nd e lt t (litf')alg t nso f tr ij r t wa rn iv c to o t j rs ito o teDitit o p an ifs l ai f uu e n u y o ra t n o ain f he u idcin f h src e o Cour. O' v.Liteon,41 U. 488,497( 974) t' Shea tlt ' 4 S. 1 . Ba e on t f e ng prncpl s s e ofPli ifs cai smus be dim is Fis i sd he or goi i i e , om antf l m t s s ed r t t a ppea st ta l as Dr Ca i ppo a Nlre M ic l no l rwor f VDOC.Se ECF N o. r ha t e t . c o nd zs t he l onge k or e 1 - , co p Af. 2 (F o 42 1u tl62 2, wo k do ac nr c b ssp o ii c r 9 4 Ca ip o f ! ' r m /01 n i / 01 1 r e n o ta t a i r vdng ae ç t i tso ( o nmae f VDOCJa ( CCj';ECF No 9 3 Mic elAf !2 (tr m S p e e 2 0 t PS .) ' .1 - , th l f ( <7o e tmb r 01 l u tlM a ,2 2 Iwa e o e a ( ni y 01 , s mply d t PSCC)'. s c ,Ba e c n o s o ta h i lk l t .) As u h n a n t h w h t e s iey o ' s f rf t edic i nai a t ha oft s t de e ufe uur s rmi ton t he nds he e wo f ndan s a t l kssa ngt s e t , nd hus ac t ndi o e k ij n tv rle a an t . co p o Nu s Mic el n u ci e eif g is Dr Ca ip o r re th l. Se ond,ma of Ba s c am s s i be us t y c c ny ne' l i unr ve ca e he once n c tons i Ad Seg r ondii n whe ehewasas i d a trhewasas a t d by anot ri t - a i i s fce l lkey t t r sgne fe s ule he nma e nd t s uf inty i l ha Ba wilbe r as ine t Ad Seg i t f lr Unlkei O' ,Ba i m a wa doe not ne l e sg d o n he utze. i n Shea ne n ny ys s c r hi as i nm e t Ad Se l d,Bane wa i Ad Se onl bec us a a e bodi ontol s sg nt o g. ndee sn g y a e n bl - ed prs ra s uled hi a nott o a f ul ofhi own.He ne e r i eno volton t be ione s a t m nd hr ugh ny a t s ed xe c s ii o pl e i Ad Se agan.Lvo ,461U. a 1 - (i ng sgnika t tt pl ntf woul ac d n g i ns S. t 0506 fndi i t nt ha he ai if d n e t vo aet lw a ant b s b e tt t ec mp an d- fte t n) Th r f r, h Co r e d o ilt he a g i o e u j c o h o lie o r ame t. ee o e t e u t fndst ti i s fc e ty lkey t the wilbe a sg t Ad Se i t f tle a t tca ms i ha t s ufi i n l i l ha l s i ned o g n he utr nd ha li c onne t d wih Ba stme i Ad Se a e s t i nty lke y t r occ .Thus t Pl i ifha c e t ne' i n g r ufk e l i l o e ur , he antf s sa dn t p ru ij n tv r le o Cli 1t rug 7 Cli 9 t rug 1 a d Cli 1 tn ig o u s e n u cie eif n ams h o h . ams h o h 5 n am 7 sm ia l al ge ong ng vi a i of Ba s rg s Ba a s ha sa ng t plr ue t s i l ry le oi oltons ne' i ht ; ne lo s t ndi o zs he e cl i s am . To t c r y,i Cl i 8,Ba f ulsNur e Yaesand M ic lf rdei r t de a i he ontar n am ne a t ss t thel o lbe a e l y n r pondi t hi r es ng o s eque t f ac om m oda i w hie he was i A d Seg.Thi c ai i t lke t s s or c tons l n s l m s m i he ot r co c e t hi tm e i s r gai be a e t ohe s we e a naur lcons q nc of he s nne t d o s i n eg e ton c us he t r r t a e ue e Bane beng hous d t r .Fore mpl,i Ba wa a i a s ule a a sg d t mpor rl t i e he e xa e f ne s gan s a t d nd s i ne e a iy o s gr gaton, sc u c and l g se ve wo d lkey a i beco ic t d,unl s t r ha be n a e e i hi r t h e l e s ul i l gan nfs a e e s he e s e c hange i VDOC or PSCC polcy.On Ban s cai of de i r t dely i r po ng t hi n i e' l m lbe ae a n es ndi o s r quess howe r t n s s a tonswe enotplr ua t apolc s h t tt a er s e t, ve , he ur e ' c i r zs nt o iy uc ha hey r ea onabl y lkey t r oc ur Ba s a lga i t t t nur es wil dei r t y dea i gr ntng hi i l o e c . ne' le ton ha he s l lbe ael ly n a i s a omm odai r ss i t f tr i t s ultve a f is t m e tt O' a t s t cc ton eque t n he utte s hus pec a i nd a l o e he She e t o c e sa ng. ss h,Cl i 8i dim is onf r t ndi A uc am s s s ed. Li w i e i Cl i 1 Ba f uls V D O C f r wihhol ng a pori of hi ve e a ' ke s , n a m 6, ne a t o t di ton s t r ns dia lt be ft i compla wih aVigi asauepase i 2011 Va CodeAnn.j53.s biiy neis n ince t r ni ttt s d n , . 1 43.,whih i tu t d prs ofi il t s tasde 1 oft f 1 c nsr c e ion tca s o e i 0% he undsr c ve by a i t i o a e ei d n nma e nt tt ta ountt be pa d t t i a e upon pa ol ordi c r fom prs n.W hie t e c rl cc s o i o he nm t r e s ha ge r io l he xa t tme i i uncea ,Ba s itd a g i va e,s e ECF No.29- a 67,Va.De tof Cor. i lne s l r ne ubm te re nc e 2 t p' r, I o ma Compl,J n.1 201 a J mesCn mody,a lwyer wr e t Se orJm W e on nf r l . a 8, 2, nd n r a , ot o nat i bb Ba e sbe l, it o tt a 3 U. C.j5 01fal p o iisa ykndo s iu eo v trn ' n ' haf poni u h t 8 S. ng 3 lty r hb t n i f ez r f eea s be ft by a ne is nyone ot rt t Unie Stt s Se ECF No.29 2,Le trfo J m e Ca m ody he han he t d a e . e te r m a s r t Se Jm W e a 7 71 W ihi a ma tr of da ,VDOC a PSCC ofi il ce s d t o n. i bb, t 0- . t n te ys nd tca s a e he wihhol ng a r tl e t wihhe d f t di nd etm d he t l unds t Ba s a co .Se ECF No.29- a 67,Va. o ne' c unt e 2 t De to Co r,I f r lCo l,J n 1 ,2 2 Ba es e ij n tv r l ft p o btVDOC p' f r. n o ma mp . a . 8 01 . n e ks n u ci e ei o r hii e a PSCC ofk i sfom wihhol ng ve e a 'be ft i t f tle,butt r l tves e wih nd t al r t di t r ns ne is n he utr he e ai pe d t whi h prs ofki l c c ion f a s omple wih Ba sr que ta wel ast cea l ua of38 U. C. i d t ne' e s s l he l r ang ge S. j5301 s get t t Cour t tt lkei ug ss o he t ha he i lhood ofa f tle vi ai doe no rs a utr olton s t ie bove a s c ai l ve .To t extntBa aleg t tt s wihhol ng waspur ua t a r t laor pe ul tve e l he e ne l es ha hi t di s nt o e ai t y m otve f r hi pa tltga i s ECF No.29 a l1 t Coul al o fnds t t s ul tve snc i o s s ii ton, ee t , he ' s i t ha pec a i i e VDOC m e el aced a or ng t t dit t oft Ge r As e y i e tbls ng i t r y t cc di o he c aes he ne al s mbl n sa ihi nma e t us ac ount . s s h,Cl m 1 i di m i s r t c s A uc ai 6 s s s ed. V. EXHAUSTI UNDER THE PRI ON SON LI GATI N REFORM ACT TI O The P io Li g to Reo m Ac C% t ' p o ie ,n n ohe ti g ,ta a rs n t ai n f r i t PL1A' r vd s mo g t r h n s h t I prs r c nnot brng a cvi a i conc r ng prs n c tons untlhe ha fr te ione n i i l cton e ni io ondii i s s xhause td a ia l a mi srtv rme is Nu sev.Po tr 5 4 U. 51 ,5 4 ( 0 2)( ic s ig t e valbe d nitaie e de . sl re , 3 S. 6 2 2 0 d su sn h exha ton rquie nt of42 U. C.j l ().Thi e usi e rme s S. 997ea) s xhausi rquie ton e rmenta i t l l pples o t al i t s t , t rt y i vege r lcr um sa esorpa tculrepiode ,... t rt y nma e uis whe he he nvol ne a ic t nc ri a s s whe he he alege exc s i f r or s e ot r w r ng, or w he her t f m of r i t i at s eks i l e s ve o ce om he o ' ' t he or elef he nm e e s avalbl t oug e usin of a nitai r me e .I To c y wih j1 ia e hr h xha to dmi srtve e dis d. ompl t 997e() a a, n i t mus f l e h se oft esa ihed ad i sr tvepr e e t tt sat pr de nma e t olow ac tp he t bls m nitai oc dur ha he t e ovi s t prs nes a me talde dlne wihi t tpr e e beo e flng hi j198 a ton.Se o io r nd e 1 a i s t n ha oc dur fr ii s 3 ci e W o d o dv. o 5 8U. 8 , 0 9 ( 0 6 . o f r Ng , 4 S. 1 9 - 4 2 0 ) Th Se t iy De e d n s s e sl r j dg n o t e g o n t a Ba e f i d t e ct t fn a t e k t r mmay u me t n h r u d h t n al o e pr l e us Cl i s 1 5,7, 11 a 1 opery xha t am , , nd 6.To s uppo tt s ca m, t y de al t VDOC r hi li he t i he gr e nce pr dur g de i , t n s m m a iy a s r t t t s cl i s w e e not pr pe l i va oce e ui lnes he u r l s e t ha he e a m r o ry e ha se S e ECF No.27 1 Tu ne Af.! 1 tt n ha no e h use hs a mi itait x u td. e - , r r f 0 ç e s t x a td i d nsrtv Ba rme e wih r r t camsa,c,e,g,a k.'.Thi c us r a t ounde a s ton i e dis t egads o li nd ' ) s oncl o y nd mf d seri s i u t e tt (ho j t a i,p itjo tt te dsrc c u t ta te e i a a e c o ns fkin o E wg h t s on g u o h itit o r- h t h r s n bsn e f s e de e t s vi nc o uppor t nonm ovi pa t s c e.'Cel e Cor v.Car t,477 U. 31 325 t he ng ry' as ' otx n. te t S. 7, ( 986) Thi aone i s fce tt de s 1 . s l s ufiin o ny ummay j r udgmen t t Se urt Dee nt o t t o he c iy fnda s n he gr oundsofe us i xha ton. 10 Furhe mor ,c r r t De e nt 'a s ri , Pl i ifhaspr de e de e t tt e t r e onta y o f nda s s e ton antf ovi d vi nc ha hes cl i s we e exha t . For Cl m 1 s e ECF No.41 1 a 31 3 . For Cl m 5,s i a 20am r used ai , e - t -2 ai ee d. t 25. Fo Cl i 7,s e i a 1 1 31 34. ForCl i 11 s e i a 8- 29- ForCl i 1 , s e i a r am e d. t 3- 4, am , e d. t 9, 30. am 6 e d. t 2728. TheCour DENI t M oto f rSumm a y J m e o t gr t ES he in o r udg nt n he oundsofe usi . xha ton Vl . M ERI O F R EM A I N G C LAI S TS NI M A . Ei h A m e ght ndm e Cl m s nt ai To saeac us ofa ton unde j1 apli ifmus alget theha be n de i tt a e ci r 983, antf t le ha s e prved ofrg s g r nt ed by t Consiuton o lw soft Unie St t s a t tt s de i to i ht ua a e he tt i r a he td a e nd ha hi prvai n r s t d fom c e ule r onduc co mit d by a pe s a tng unde c or ofsa e lw . W e tv.At ns t m te r on ci r ol tt a s ki s 48 U. 42 4 ( 9 8 .To p o ry alg a j 1 3 cam a ans a sae o fca u d rt e 7 S. , 8 1 8 ) r pel l e e 98 li g i t tt fi il n e h Eih h Ame d n ,a pli ifmus d mo srt ta ( )te alg d c n u ti t be t ey gt n me t antf t e n tae h t 1 h le e o d c s t jci l. o v s fcintys ro ';a ()t tt prs ofiilwa l lbeaey i fee t t plitf s ufi e l eius' nd 2 ha he ion fca s t i rtl ndifr nt o he anif de rgh s heat ors f t 'a ha a çs fce l c pa e sa e ofmi 'Fa m e v.Br nna 511 i t , lh a ey' nd d tufi inty ul bl t t nd.' r r e n, U. 8 , 3 ( 9 4 . S. 25 8 4 1 9 4 A prs ofi i s ion fcal howsdelbe ae i fe e e i he kno ofa d sega ds a i r t ndif r nc f ws nd ir r n e e sve rs t i ae heat ors ey;t ofii lmus bot be a r off t xc s i ik o nm t lh af t he fc a t h wa e ac s fom whi h t i e e e c d be dr wn t ta s t nta rs of s ro hn m r c he nf r nc oul a ha ubsa il ik e i us r e ss a he mus as dr t i e enc I addii n,prs ofk i l who xit , nd t lo aw he nf r e. n to ion t as a t ly kne ofa s t nta rs t i t heat ors f t may be f c ua l w ubsa il ik o nma e lh aey ound f e re fom la lt i t y r ponde r a ona y t t rs e n i t ha m uli a ey r i biiy f he es d e s bl o he ik, ve f he r tm t l wa not a re A prs ofki ' dut unde t Ei ht Am e s ve td. ion f als y r he g h ndment i t s o e ur r s ns e ea onabl s ey. e af t O4o v.S. De tofCo1.349F. 765,770( hCi. )(nenalciai o te . m C. p' ', r 3d 4t r 2003 itr ttons mitd) M e c te t ntcamsunde j 1 3 f lwihi t Ei h Ame m e ' pr hi to dial r ame li r 98 al t n he ght nd nts o biin a i tcue a unus lpt s nt Esel v.Ga e,429U. 97,1 ( 976 .t elbe ae gans r l nd ua mihme . tle mbl S. 04 1 ) r i r t i fe enc r quiesas ndif r e e r howi t tt de e ng ha he f ndant ... ct ly kne ofa i e ade anee' s a ua l w nd gnor d ti s s ro ne d f m e c lca e.' Y oung v.Ciy of M t Ra e,238 F. 567,575- ( h Ci. e i us e or di a r ' t . nir 3d 76 4t r 20 )(i t nso te ) $A)s ro s. .me ia n e i o e t th s b e d a n s d b a 01 ct i mitd . ç e iu . d c l e d s n ha a e n ig o e y ao ( physc a asm a tng team e orone t ti s obvi t te n a 1y pe s woul e iy ii n nda i r t nt ha s o ous ha ve a r on d asl r c niet nec st f a docor sa tnton. '1 v. e og z he es iy or t ' te i 'ko Shmve, F. 225, ( h Ci. 535 3d 241 4t r 2008) (nena ctto o te ) W heet epanifalge a u c nsiuina d ly o me ia c r , itr l iain mitd . r h litf l s n n o t to l ea f dc l ae e t t dely mus r s ti çs tntalha m ,' s e Sha zv. ion He 1h Se v. I ,3: 0CV 1 he a t e ul n subsa i r ' e baz Prs a t r . nc. 1 90, - 201 W L 442270,a *5 ( D.Va.Fe 9,201 ( tng Maav.Saz, F. 745,751( 0h 2 t E. b. 2) cii t i 427 3d 1t Ci. 0 :, ihç yb stsidb lfln ha dc p, ema e tls, rc nsd rb ep i ' r 20 5 wh c s e aife y ieo g n ia p r n n o s o o i ea l an. ma ' L- ( u tn Gart v.Stama 25 F.d 9 6 9 0 ( 0h Ci.2 1)(n en lctto a d /. q o ig ret rt n, 4 3 4 , 5 1 t r 00 ) itr a iains n puncuai o te .Sç as W e v.Ha dula 281F.App' 15 1 ( h Ci.2008) t ton mitd) e lo bb mi lh, x 9, 66 4t r (iigc s sr g r i d lyo me ia c r) ctn a e e adng ea f dc l ae . 1. Cl m 1:Faiur t Pr deLe lçF'DiabiiyA c om m odaton ai l e o ovi ve d ' s lt c i The Se urt De enda s ca m t tt scl m wasnote use a t e or di not c iy f nt li ha hi ai xha t d nd her f e d a e st m e is TheM edia De e nt a gue i s ppor oft i M oton t Dim is ori ddr s he rt. c l f nda s r - n u t her i o s s, n t at r tve M o i n f Sum ma y J he le na i , to or r udgmen - t tt Le C 'Dia lt Ac omm odai n t ha he vel T' s biiy c to i not ng m or t n a f ciiy c f VDOC us snc PSCC i r t d asa Le < 'f iiy, s hi e ha a lt ode or e; i e s ae vel C ac lt F' B a i pr r y ac om m oda e A Le l tF' f c lt i ( ny f ciiy w ihout hil , o ne s ope l c t d. ve d ' a iiy s ç a a lt t ls r housng c iiala e wiho se or ba e s' ECF No.35- a 6,Va.De tof Co r,Di i / rtc r as t ut t ps ni r .' 1 t p' r . v. Ope a i Pr edur 8 Ata h. r tng oc e 24, tc No.1 Ba ,i r s . ne n e pons ,r leson t i er nc t tS r ir ' e ei he nf e e ha t re s' ba r f r t a tons smia t clmbi se a ove c i physc ba re s a tons s h as e es o ci i lr o i ng t ps nd r om ng ial ri r- ci uc kne i a s uatng.Se ECF N o.29,Pl' Res Opp' M ot Dim isa 1 Ba a lge t t elng nd q ti e .s p. n . s s t 2. ne le s ha PSCC,a c r ty ad i se e i nota Le l ç ' f c lt bec us Bane i beng f c t s uren l m nit r d, s ve T ' a iiy a e s i or ed o kne a s , PSCC us ve c es f t a pora i t t a e not e ppe w ih whe c i el nd quat es hi l or r ns tton ha r qui d t el ha r 1 2 lfs a t a e r it nd hus r oughl e va e t t sar f bi n f a Le l $ 'f ciiy, and he i y qui l nt o he t is or dde or ve T' a lt s bei de ed a c st t Stu t e Li ngUni (û ' be us ofhi dia lt bec us t ng ni c es o he r curd vi t$ SLU' ca e ) s sbiiy a e he SLU i notha c p a ce sbl I . Ofno e t s a g e sar a s i pe ntcl ms Se s ndi a c s i e. d t , he e r um nt e lo nde nde ai . e Cl m s6,11 a 5, r s c i l 5Be us Cl i 1 i no hi m or t n a a aga a i of ai , nd s t ng e ha n m l m ton e pe tve y. ca e am t ees pa a ec am s t Cour dimis si asduplc tve. hr e r t l i , he t s se t iai 2. Cl m 2:Confs aton ofLe Sl ve and Cr c W hiei Se gaton ai ic i g ee s ut h l n gre i Bane a lgest tprs n ofi i svi a e t Ei h Ame e when t y c ic t d le ha io fcal olt d he ght ndm nt he onfs a e hi cr t h a 1 g see whiehew a i s gr to Be a e hi l g see swe e c i c t d, s u c nd e l ves l s n e egai n. c us s e l ve r onfs a e abl oody s e de o d on hi lg.Bec us hi c t c wasconfs a e , he w a una e t a e s or velpe se a e s rz h t ic t d s bl o cc s t s he howt s or outi r c eai n a he co d notpe f m t dodorpr s rbed t r pe i r sde e r to nd ul ror he - e ci he a utc wal ngt e et pani hi l a prve t çdee i ai of( s condii 'ECFNo.1 ki o as he i n s egs nd e nt he ç trorton hil tons' , Compl a 7, e uma y r f ri t t ne e dn a i hi l .Uni t t scai i Bane' . t pr s bl e e rng o he nr m ge n s egs que o hi l m s s r ques f m onea y da a f t c ic ton oft l se ve ;he i s e ng $1 000 e t or tr m ges or he onfs a i he eg le s s e ki 4, $1000 f e r day t theha abl , or ve y ha d oody s r on hi rghtlg fom t r bbi pr e by hi oe s i e r he u ng oduc d s l br c eg a e. Ba scai f t c is a i oft 1 g se vesa t r s tng bl y s e f isa ne' l m or he ont c ton he e l e nd he e uli ood or al s t t efrtee n o a EihhAme d n cam, s f in l s ro sij r .S eS a a zv. o h is lme t f n g t n me t li a u fce ty e iu n u y e h b z Prs n He l S r . l c,No 3:0 9 ,2 2 W L 4 2 7 ,a * ( D.Va Fe 9 2 1 ) io at e v. n . . 1 CV1 0 01 h 4 2 0 t 5 E. . b. , 0 2 (i n c s s. Th s r wa e sl te td wih a tboi onme t a d dd n t rs l i ct g a e ) e o e s a iy rae t ni itc it n n i o e ut n i 5I e ,whiet de alofa es t t SLU andt lc ofwhe c rlhsont ta por va m a bevibl nde d l he ni cc s o he he a k elhai i he r ns t ns y a e cli unde t ADA,he fi t sae acam oraba i f acli unde t Ei hAmendme t M o e r i ams r he t y al o tt li ss or am r he ght n . r ove , n t t eespa accai st tf r t ba i ofCli 1 Ba i he hr e r t l m ha o m he ss am , ne nvokest Ei h Am e e o y i Cli 6, he ght ndm nt nl n am rg r i tefre k e l g. t teSL ( am 5 a dtewh ec i lt ( am 1 )Ba camso l a e adng h o c d n ei As o h U Cli ) n h e lhari s Cli 1, ne li ny n f vi ai oft ADA . olton he 1 3 p r n n ij r . u , h Co r g a t t eDee a t'M oin frSl r J d me t nt i ema e t nu y Th s t e u t r n s h fnd ns to o l mmay u g n o h s cli . am As t t de a o hi c u c aslm i t tt pos i lt ofne ve de e i r to i a o he ni l f s r t h- sl ng ha he sbiiy r t ro ai n s s fkin l s ro ij r - Ba e s cam fis b c u e h c n o plu il p e d d lb rt u f e ty eius n u y n ' li al e a s e a n t a sby la eieae i fe e ndif r nce.Ba m us pl d t tprs n ofk i l we e a r of a dir r d t rs of ne t ea ha i o t as r wa e nd sega de he ik s rous ha m .Tha c nno be e t bls d a agans t Se urt Def ndan s bec us t y a e ei r t a t sa ihe s i t he c iy e t a e he r e ild t r y on t m e ca o ni oft M e ca De e nt .See M ite v.Be n,896 ntte o el he di l pi ons he di l f nda s li r or F. 8 855 ( h Ci.1 2d 48, 4t r 990)( me c lofiil notdelbe ael i fe e tf fii t non- dia fcas i r t y ndifr n or alng o r pondt i t sc ant whe prs ri ose i y unde c r ofme c e rs.Thi es o nmae' ompli s n ione s tnsbl r ae dial xpe t) s i tu e n i te ijlist a Ba e s tie weeç o o viu ta e e a ly p ro wo l s r e ve f h n t e h t n usan d r l b o s h t v n a e s n ud r s e iy r cog ze t ne es iy f a doc or s a t nto ' Se I 5 F. a 241.W hie t as l e ni he c st or t ' t e i n. e ko, 35 3d t ' l he c u c was i taly c i cae bec us i pos d s trt rs ,Young' afi vi m a cea r th nii l onts td a e t e ecliy iks s fda t kes l r t ti t doc o ha dee ha f he t r d med i medialy nec s a y f Banet ke p hi c t c i Ad Se Bane t c l e s r or o e s rz h n t g, woul havebe alwedt rti i.Se ECFNo.27- Yo Af. 2. d en lo o ean t e 4, ung f ! Ba c ne nnnotpl i y pl a delbe ae i fe e e a t t M e c lDef nda sbec us ausbl e d i r t ndifr nc s o he di a e nt a e he ha notal ge and t doc s le dhe umentr evi nc f l t r ve - t Ba a ied a oft a y de e ais o e al hat ne pprs ny he De e nt t tbeng una e t wa k wih hi c ut h f a m e e t n dayswoul r s ti ne v f nda s ha i bl o l t s r c or r e d e ul n r e dnma .See ECF N o.19- M ic l Af.Ex.A .I g iva e fl d whie i Ad Se Ba ge 3, t hel f n 'e nc s ie r l n g, ne r pe t dl s e a e y ought a wai r fom t kn lng r quie e and r quese t t hi s ve r he eei e r m nt e t d ha s hoes be r ur d s t thi l br ce ftpr pe l buthe di notmen i e n onc t ne d t wak t et ne o ha s eg a s i o ry, d ton ve e he e o l o avoi nel da a See ECF No. 1 3, M ic l AE at 7- 2. Prs of a s c d ' ve m ge. 9thel 1 ion fcil annot be de i r t l i f e e t t twhi h t y a enota r lbe a e y ndif r nt o ha c he r wa e. 1 4 Thus t Co tg a st Def nda s otons f Sum ma y J m e a t Cl i 2 , he ur r nt he e nt 'M i or r udg nt s o am unde t Ei ht A m e r he g h ndm e . nt 3. Cl m s 3 and 4:D e a ofW he l ha r W hie i Ad Se ai ni l ec i l n g I Cl i 3,Ba al gest tNuresYa esand M ic l vi a e hi Ei t Am e n am ne le ha s t t he l olt d s gh h ndme nt rgh swhen t de e hi t us ofawhe l i whiehew a i Ad Seg.Ba ,howe r ha i t hey ni d m he e echar l sn ne ve , s n talg d a y ij r t a r s le fo t lc o a c s t awh ec i f rt etn d y h o le e n n u y h t e utd r m he a k f c e s o e lhar o h e a s e s nti Ad Se a t r or c pe n g nd he ef e annotm e tt fr te e ntofa Ei t Am e e he is l me n gh h ndme c am .Se nt l i e Lo r v Be n t No 1 - 4 , 01 W L 3 8 0 , t* (t Ci. . , 01 )(n a Eihh we y . n et . 1 6 25 2 2 21 0 6 a 5 4 h r Aug 9 2 2 I n g t Ame me t me ia c r cam, t as wih a y oh r Eih h Ame d n vilto , t e nd n dc l a e li t q t n te g t l n me t oain h de enda mus de onsr t t tt ofk i a t wih a s fcinty cul bl sae ofmi a f nt t m ta e ha he t al ced t ufi e l pa e t t nd nd ta t eij r ifitdi s fkin l sro s' ( n u ls do ii n (ingI ov. h e e 5 5 h t h nu y n lce s u t e ty e iu .) u p b ihe pn o ) ct k S rv , 3 ' i he s he c e s i o F. 225,238 (t Ci.2008) Thus,t Court grant t M edial D ef ndant ' M oton t 3d 4h r ). D i m i sast Cl i 3. s s o am Fort s me r a ons Cl m 4,al gi t Nv s Yaesand M ic l r f e t as a he a e s , ai le ng hat r es t the l e us d o k physcin f a wheecha ror rwhie Ba was i Ad Se i a s dimis d pur ua t t i a or l i de l ne n g, s lo s s e s nt o he Mo int Dimis LieCli 3 Ba eh sn talg da yijzy. to o s s . k am , n a o le e n n l r 4. Cl m 6:For ed K nee i W hie i A d Se ai c lng l n g Ba a l est tprs ofi a svi aed t Ei h Ame e whe t y f ce hi ne leg ha ion fcil olt he ght ndm nt n he or d m t knee whie he wa i Ad Se Kneei - s t t ofii l ca s f y r sr i t i ae o l l sn g. lng o ha fc as n a el e ta n he nm t be or t i t i moved fom t cel i r quie t a e s t s f e he nma e s r he l- s e r d o cc s he howe s and outi r sde r ceain.ECF No.27- Yot Af.! 5.A1 i tsmus kne lunl st y ha as cii e r to 4, mg f 1 nmae t e es he ve pe fc wai rf om t i tt i ve r he ns iutonalphys c a 1 i i n. d. 15 As umi t tt pa n Ba a l edl s f r d whie kne lng mee st r st lve s ng ha he i ne leg y ufe e l ei t he equiie e l f r Ei h Am e o ght ndmen pur es Ba ca t pos , ne nnota lge de i r e i fe e agans et r t le lbe at ndif r nce i t ihe he Se iy orM e c lDef nda s Bane di no na e a oft s gr ga i sa fasdef nda s curt di a e nt . d t m ny he e e ton tf e nt, c hoosng i t d t s t s pe vs s of t prs n saf a PSCC. See ECF No.29- ,Pl' i nsea o ue he u r ior he i o t f t 1 .s Re yAf.a 36(d di no na anyoft s grgai safasdee nt i t sa ton .. '. pl f t tI d t me he e e ton tf fnda s n hi ci ' ) . . The e o e he mus pr de i r t i fe e e oft Stc iy De e nt unde a t or of rf r , t ove lbe ae ndif r nc he m t f nda s r he y s r s y la lt upe vior i biiy. TheFo t Cic tha outi t e wa i whi h delbe ae i f e e e c n bes urh r ui s lned hr e ys n c i r t ndif r nc a hown unde a t y of s r s r la lt t1 t s r ior defnda s fie pr l t r heor upe vio y ibiiy:ç ) he upe vs y e nt ald ompty o ( pr de a i t wih ne d medialcae ( t tt s r ior defnda sdelbert y ovi n nmae t ede c r, 2) ha he upe vs y e nt i ael i eree wih t prs docor'pef ma e,o ()t tt s r io y dee nt tcil nt frd t he ion t s ror nc r 3 ha he upe vs r fnda s ty aut i d or we e i fe e t t prs physcins'consiu i horze r ndif r nt o he ion ia tt tonalvi a i .'M ite v. oltons' li r Be r ,8 6 F.d 8 ,8 4 (t Ci.1 9 )(n en lctto o te ) Ba eh sn talg da o n 9 2 48 5 4h r 9 0 itr a i ins mitd . n a o le e ny a a pe toft s r ii ofk i l 'co uc t tevi nce delbe ae i fer nc unde a of s c he upe v sng t a s nd t ha de d i r t ndif e e r ny t t e t or e .Ba doe no di put t he ha a es t a r c ve m e c lc r w hie i he hr e he i s ne s t s e hat d cc s o nd e ei d di a a e l n Ad Seg, i t r an a lga i t tt Sec iy Def nt i e f r wih t me c lsa fs nor s he e le ton ha he urt enda s ntre ed t he di a t f' pe f ronna e or we e i fe e t t m e c sa fs consiutonalvi a i .The e i no nc r ndif r nt o he dial t f tt i oltons r s al ga i t tt Se urt De e le ton ha he c iy f ndant e n kne t tBa wasi Ad Seg,kne t the ha s ve w ha ne n w ha d bee de i d of hi c ut h a 1 se ves kne t the ha ditc t wa ki wihouthi n prve s r c nd eg l e , w ha d fs uly l ng t s c uth,kne t tDr Cacoppo ha de e hi t us ofa whe l ha r o knew t tBa was r c w ha . i d ni d m he e e c i, r ha ne f c t knee be or l a ng hi c la t ts h kne lng w oul ca e hi c i r bl pai or ed o l f e e vi s el nd ha uc ei d us m onsde a e n. Ther i sm pl no bas s f om w hi t i er delber e i f ence on t partoft Secur t e s i y i r ch o nf i at ndifer he he iy D e e nt . f nda s As f t M e c l De e nt, t Cour has ar a dic s d t f t t t Dr or he di a f nda s he t le dy s us e he ac ha . Ca ip a d Nu s M ic elno ln e wo k f rVDOC a d tee o e n ij nci r l f co po n re th l o g r r o n h r f r o n u tve ei e whih i wha Ba i s ki a i ta 1De e nt on t scli c s t ne s ee ng gans 1 f nda s hi am -can be ha agans t s d i t he e t De e ls Tha l ave Nu s Yaes The e i no aleg i i t r or fom whi h t wo f ndart. t e s r e t . r s l aton n he ec d r c he Cotr c n dr t i e e e t tNtr e Ya e was dei r t y i fe e . N ur e Ya e i not lt a aw he nf r nc ha ls ts lbe ael ndif r nt s ts s lsed i t scli i t Compli t Se ECF No.1 Compl a 9.Nur e Ya e i lsed a t it n hi am n he an . e , .t s t s s it s he Hea Nm s a PSCC i t co ant jt a 3,whih tndst i cae t ts lc pe s d et n he mpli , ts t c e o ndi t ha he a ks ronal .. i ve t whh Ba Tha i ce ti y butr s d by he a fda t w hi h cont i onl nvol men ne. t s ranl tes e r f vi, c a ns y i or ai a nf m ton bout Ba s me c r or a hi Le l F f clt de i ton. B e a e t ne' dial ee ds nd s ve a iiy sgna i c us he Compl i f ist pl a delbe ae i fe e ast Nur e Ya es Ba s c a m a i the m us ant a l o e d i r t ndif r nce o s t , ne' l i ga ns r t f l ai. Bane ha no saed a c am a ns any de e nt The e o e as t Ba s Cl i 6 s t tt l i gai t f nda . r f r , o ne' am Ei ht Am e e dam ,t Cour gr nt t M e c lDe e nt 'M oton t Dim isa t g h ndm nt i he t a s he di a f nda s i o s s nd he Se urt Def nda s'M o i f Stm m a y J c iy e nt ton or l r udgm e ,whi h t Cour c vers t a M oton t nt c he t on t o i o Dimisb c u eteg o n su o wh c s mmayj g n wa s u h weeb sd e trl o s s e a s h r u d p n ih u r ud me t s o g t r a e n iey n t co pl nt6 he m ai . 6The Cou tdim is s cl m s ag ns t M e ca De e t puruan t t rM oton t Dim is The Se urt r s s e ai ai t he di l f ndans s t o hei i o s s. c iy De e nt di not fl a M oto t Dimis onl a M oton f r Su r J f nda s d ie in o s s , y i o mma y udgme . $ t e e t t a nt ç he xtnt ha To d fnd n' moinf rs mmayjdg n u e Rue5 o teFe ea Rulso CiiPrc d r i b sde trl ee a t to o u r u me t nd r l 6 f h d rl e f vl o e u e s ae niey s on t plitf sc he an if ompli ,s h amoto i f tonalyt s mea amo i t dimisfrf llet saeacl m ant uc in s unci l he a s ton o s s o aitr o tt ai u d rRul 1 ()6 . ars l twl eea p o it,atilud ema dimisfrfiuet saeac u eo a t n n e e 2b () As eut l h r p rprae raj g y s s o alr o tt a s f ci , o u o moin frs mmayj g n .'Jc o v.On n a aCn ,5 9 F.S p .2d 2 4,21 ( D. . 2 08 p n to o u r ud me t' aksn ' o d a w. 4 up 0 1 N. N Y. 0 ) (uoig S h rz v.Comp g i Ge ea Trnsta tq e 40 F.d 27 2 3 7 (d Ci.1 6 ) Wh r te q tn c wat a ne n rl a alniu , 5 2 0, 7 -4 2 r 9 8 . ee h d fnd ns moin frsmmay j g n i no b sd etrl o teplitf sc mpan,be a s Ba e i a ce a t' to o u r ud me t s t a e niey n h anif o lit c u e n s p io e ,t Co r i u d ra o l a in u d r2 U. C.j 1 1 A t s a s n ed s s a cam a a y tmei i rs n r he u t s n e n b i t n e 8 S. g o 9 5 o u po t imis li t n i f t f l t saeacl m . ais o tt ai 5. Cl m 1 Faiur t Pr de a Saf Showe Ar a i t A- Pod ai 2: l e o ovi e r e n he 1 I Cli 1 Ba a lgest tSec iy Def nda sYoung, Ba t a W a zvi aedt n am 2, ne le ha urt e nt ton, nd l olt he Ei t Am e gh h ndmen by f ii t pr vi a s f s t a lng o o de a e howe a e f hi a a dia e i ae.; Bane r r a or m s s bl d nm t al gest tt abl bodid prs ne sus t ha c p- cc s i e s le ha he e- e io r e he ndi a a e sbl howe t ce outt rf r o lan hei ood ta ,r uli i si r c ndii .ECF N o. 1 Co pl a 1 1 I f t Ba si d on t r ys es tng n lppe y o tons , m . t 4- 5. n ac , ne lppe he s howe foo on Fe ua y 1 201 a br hi rg 1g br c , at rl r br r 3, 2 nd oke s i ht e a e lhough he a de f rhe voi d u t r ij r .d. t1 . nuy 1 a 5 Ba s a l to s a e a c a m unde t Ei ht Am e ne' lega i ns t t li r he g h ndm e . Fi t, t slpper nt rs he i y c tonsf aha c ppe i m a es h a Ba pr s nta s tnta rs ofs rousha m . See ondii or ndi a d n t uc s ne e e ubsa il ik ei r Fr s v. no ,1 2 F.d 1 2 ,1 29( t Ci.1 9 ) No o l c ud Ba e si a d b s ro sy o t Ac s 5 3 1 4 1 9h r 9 8 . t ny o l n l n e eiu l p ij rd heh si fc f l n o te sip r sl a e ato g hewa f ru t e o h t a i n u e , a n a t al n h lp ey t f c , lh u h e r s o tnae n ug o vod ij r . n h sas s fce t alg dd l e ae idfee c be a ehealg dt a h h s n u y Ba e a lo ufiinl le e ei r t n ifr n e c us y b le e h t e a s itd num e ousg iva esa t n a trhi f l prs ofk il silha notr med e t ubm tt r re nc nd ve fe s al, ion f a s tl ve e i d he is I Thes alegai ns a t s f t tt sae a dam .l ma be t tprs ofk i l ha sue. d. e l to r ufki n o tt i t y ha ion t as vt r s nde r as e po d e onabl t t srs butsnce t Sec iy Def nda sar d t t scli wa y o hi ik, i he urt e nt gue hat hi a m s no e use t yha no a es e t me is t xha t d, he ve t ddr s d he rt. To s umm a i t r s uto ofBa sEi t Ame m e cam s a 1f i t sae ac am rze he e ol i n ne' gh h nd nt li , l a l o tt l i exc ptBa sc am ofuns f s e ne' l i a e howe co tons Cl m 1 Addii nal Ba br r ndii , ai 2. to ly, ne oughtcli s am agans t MedialDee nt onl unde j 1 a notunde t ADA.Se ECF No.1, i t he c fnda s y r 983 nd r he e 7Ba a1e ed i t Compli t tprs ofi asvi at t Ei h Ame ne 1g n he ant ha ion fcil ol ed he ght ndme by f lng t pr e hi fom nt aii o otct m r r tlai fo abl- ed i e ,s ECF No.1 Compl a 1 1 buthe ltra knowl d t t(saf di i eaiton r m ebodi nmats ee , . t 4- 5, ae c edge ha it f d n f tpr ac ompty a a oprat y add es t i i dai a asaul by movi t ot r i t t difr nt l nd ppr i el r s he ntmi ton nd s t ng he he nmaes o fe e housng unis'ECF No.29,Res Opp' M ot Dimisa 1 Ofkil ae no la eunde t Ei h Ame i t. ' p. n . s s t 8. f as r t ibl r he ght ndme nt i t y r pond r as na y t t rs See Odom v.S. De tofConc 349 F. 765,770 ( h Ci.2003)((n f he es e o bl o he ik. C. p' , 3d 4t r (I addii prs ofk i swho a t aly knew ofa s t talrs t i aehe lh ors ey m a be f ton, ion f al cu l ubsan i ik o nm t at aft y ound fe fom re r la ii i te rs n e rao by t ters ,e e i teh r utmaey wa n ta re ' (nen lctto s ibly f h y epo d d e sna l o h ik v n f h am li tl s o vetd.) itr a i in t ' a o t d.T Co r teeoec n ld sta ofcasaeno l befrt rtl to sn eBa eh sa k o e g d mit ) he uth rf r o cu e h t fiil r ti l o he eai in ic n a c n wld e e a a t tt r s ha hey e ponde r s bl t t rs ofhar d ea ona y o he ik m. Com pl a 3,ECF N o.29- , P1' Re y Af.! 24.As aloft Eiht Ame .t 1 . s pl f 1 he g h ndme cams nt li a ns t M e ca De enda s ha be n dim is , t M e c l Def nda s a e tr i t d gai t he di l f nt ve e s s ed he di a e nt r e m na e fom t sc s r hi a e. B * AD A c l m s: ai Til 1 oft Amei nswih Diabiii Ac (< ' a i t i ts i sae te 1 he rca t s ltes t : ADA' pples o nmae n tt ) prs .Pa.De tofCor . Ye ke , 5 U. 206, ( 998 . te1 oft ADA saest t ions p' r v. s y 24 S. 209 1 ) Til 1 he tt ha ç quaii d i vi lwih a diabiiy s l, by r a on of s h dia lt be e ude fom ç no lfe ndi dua t s lt ha l es uc s biiy, xcl d r pm i i ton i o bede e t be f oft s r c , og n s or actvii s ofa publc tntt cpa i n r nid he ne ks he e vies pr r m , i te i iy, o bes b e tdt d s rmiainb a ys c e tt '4 U. C. 1 3 r u j ce o ic i n to y n u h n i ' 2 S. j 21 2. y. W hie t ADA pr e t sa e i aes whie i a ce a e t r a ia e r medi a e l he ot c s t t nm t l nc r r t d, hti va lbl e es r lmie The Fourh Cic tha he d t tt ADA doe no r co z a c us ofa ton a i t i t d. t r ui s l ha he s t e gni e a e c i ga ns e oye i t i i vi lc pactes Bar exr .Baidv. e,1 F. 46 471( h Ci. mpl es n her ndi dua a ii . id el r Ros 92 3d 2, 4t r 1 ;s eas 42U. C.j 1 2 ( ovi ngar med onl a i taç i e tt ';M c t 999) e lo S. 213 pr di e y y gans f c niy' Nulv publ ) v. ofEduc. Cave tCnt ,No. V. DKC 2003Bd. of l r y. CI A. 2520,2004W L 1 4401 a * ( M d. 55 , t 6 D. J y 8,2004)(ç wih Til 1 oft ADA,Se ton 504 oft Re biiai Ac t no ul t As t te 1 he ci he ha ltton t does t p nni a to a an tp ro si t eri i iu l a a iis')( u tn Bar ,1 2F.da 4 2 . e t cins g i s e s n n h i ndvd a c p cte .' q o ig id 9 3 t 7 ) ' Ther f e,a 1of Ba sADA c am s a i tde e n s i t ri vi e or 1 ne' l i gans f nda t n hei ndi dualca cii s mus be pa te t dim is d a alcli s t tnnme i vi lde e nt wilbe c t e a ag ns t m i s s e nd l am ha ndi dua f nda s l onsnzd s ai t he n t i ofi ilc pa ii .M or o r t t e e Ba s e r le i Cli 1 t rt ADA her fca a ctes e ve , o he xtnt ne e ks ei f n a m 7 mde he a ie a i to pr s on,t s m e r ul obt ns Baid, 1 F. a 471 7 D e pie t l k of ntr t la i n ovii he n es t ai . r 92 3d t - 2. s t he ac i vi l la lt t docrne of r s ndi dua ibiiy, he ti eponde s pe i apples i t ADA c e ,s t at u ror i n he ont xt o he a tons of t i vi l def nda s ca s r a t ba i f r fndi VDOC o PSCC i ci he ndi dua e nt n e ve s he s s o i ng r n 8D uet t sm ia iy ofA DA a 1A cl m s t Cou tw ilsmpl us S o he i lrt nd t ai , he r l i y e E ADA 't r e t bot tpe ofcai s ' o efr o h y s l m . vi ato of t sa ut g se Ros n v. M ont om e v cnt , 1 F. 1 4 ol i n he tt e. e e g r y. 21 3d 5 , 1 ( t ci.1 9 ) 57 4h r 9 7 ( tngEEOC v.Al Sec.nvesi tons Lt ,55F. 1 1 (t Ci 1 :. cii C I taai . d. 3d 276, 279 7h r 995 . The ee nt ofa ADA and Re biiain Ac (t ' cai a elr l i ni l Gn lme s n ha ltto t G ) l m r a gey de tca: t RA' l g n r lap an ifs e i rc v r frv oaino et e sau emu talg t a ( )gh ha a e ea, litf e kng e o ey o i lto f ih r ttt s le e h t 1 l e s dia ii ,( )gh i oh r s q aiidt r c iet b n ft o ap b i s nr e p o r m s or s blt 2 l e s te wie u l e o e ev he e eis f u lc e i , r g n y f c a tvt a ( )(h wa e cu e fo p riiain i o d n e tebe eiso s c sr ie cii nd 3 J e s x ld d r m a t p to n r e id h n tt f u h e vc , y, c p o rm, o a tvt o oh r s d srmi t d a an t o t b ss o Pi) d sbit ' r g a r ciiy, r t e wie ic i nae g is, n he a i f s ia ly. i ' Co t ntne v.Recor & Viior ofGeor M as n Uni ., 41 F. 474, ( h Ci. t s st s ge o v nsa i 1 3d 498 4t r 2005)1 .0 Bec us t e e e nt a e smia , he Cour wilr e onl t t ADA . Se Ba r 1 F. a a e hes l me s r i lr t t l ef r y o he e id, 92 3d t 468.I i undiput d,a las f pur esoft smoton, t tPli tf meest frte e ts s e t e t or pos hi i ha a n if t he is l ment1 .1 Ba a s al ges f t s fcint t s ne lo le ac s ufi e o uppor a p i f c e ca e t t he i a ' ualfe t rma a i s ha s t ii d q 9I oneofBa spr vi c e fld i t scou t t cour lsedt f t r f deemi ngt applc biiy o n ne' e ous as s it n hi r, he t it he aco s or t r ni he ia lt f rs nd a spe ir S eBa ev. . p . f r.2 7F. u p. 51 , 21n. ( . Va 20 3. epo e t u ro . e n Va De t o Cor, 6 S p 2d 4 5 4 W D. . 0 ) The Re tt saementofAge y Se nd i e p es t docrne ofr s nc co ntr r t he ti epondeats pe ort u ri o hol maser labl frt t tousacsofas r ntwhe d t s i e o he ori t e va n: ( )Co d c o asra ti wi i teso eo e ly n,tb t nyi: l n u t f ev n s t n h c p f mpo me ti u o l f h ()ii o tekn h i e o e t pefr a ts fh id e s mply d o rom; ()io c r sbs tal wi i tea t rz dtmea s a el t' b t c us u onil t n h uhoie i nd p c i s y h mi , ()i ia mae , tlati patb apup s t sr etematr a d c ts c td a es n r, y r o e o ev h se, n ()i frei itnin l u e b tesr a ta an ta oh r t u eo d f o c s ne to al s d y h ev n g is n te,he s f y f cei no une tbl byt mase . or s t xpeca e he t r ()Co d c o asr a ti n twihnteso eofe ly n i i i difrn 2 n u t f e vn s o ti h c p mpo me t f t s fee t i ki 9om t ta horze f be n nd ha ut i d, ar yond t a horz tme ors celmis o he ut ied i pa i t, r t ltl a uae byapur et s r et m a tr oo ite ct td pos o e v he se . 1.(in Rettme t( c nd o Ag n y j2 s(0 2 . eCo r e p essn o iinwh t rteS c rt o d ct g sae n Seo ) f e c 2 2 0 ) Th u t x rse o pno ehe h e u i r i y M e c Defnda s a tons a e ati a et VDOC orPSCC,buti a r t ta la ts dial e nt' ci r trbut bl o t ppea s ha t e s ome oft M e c he dial D e e nt m a beconta o s a no e pl s ofVDOC. f nda s y r ctr , nd t m oyee , 1 W hie t AD A a RA ( ne al ar c t ed t i pos t s m er r m e s duet t sm iaiy oft 0 l he nd E r ly e onsnl o m e he a equie nt ge o he i lrt he ln ua e'Bar e rlBar v Ro e 1 2F.d4 2 4 8(t Ci. 9 9 ,heei a lato esg i c n difrn e a g g , id x e. id . s, 9 3 6 , 6 4h r 1 9 ) t r s te s n int a t fee c . ' i S cin5 4o telA rq ie ta t e cu inb i oeyb rao 'o dia lya d j1 3 o t ADA meey e to 0 fh t e urs h the x lso e t ll y e sn' f sbit n 212 fhe s i rl r quiest tt excuso be H r s 'ofdia lt I a 469.The Fourh Cicui ha deemi d t t i t s e r ha he l in by ea on' sbiiy. d. t t r t s tr ne ha, n hi r s t t ADA sanda di si l e irf plitfst s tsy. e pec,he t r s lghty ase or an if o aif 1 W hieD eenda ss 1 l f nt ugges t tBa ha no pr de a i o m ai ast t s cik so hi dia lt ,ECF tha ne s t ovi d ny nf r ton o he pe t f s s biiy N o. M e o.Sup. ot S.J a 1 n. iappe st tVDO C r ar Ba a havi adia lt a t tt 27, m M . . t 4 3,t ar ha eg ds ne s ng s biiy nd ha he is e l tdo Ba esMao P o lmsS e wo l p o ieas fiin b sst c ncu eta Ba eh sadsbly su s i e n n ' j r r be het ud r vd ufce t a i o o ld h t n a ia ii s t f pur esoft ADA.Si t Deenda sr iet sis onl i af or pos he nce he f nt as hi sue y n oomoe a do notcon eti t rbref t nd t s n hei i t tBa hasadia lt t Cour dee mi s f t pr entmoi ,t tBa ha a ADA- iid dia lt ha ne s biiy,he t tr ne , or he es tons ha ne s n qualfe s biiy. 20 i vi ual,2 a t r f e sats a ca m a t t s co elm e . See Bar 1 F. a 498ndi d ,l nd he e or t e li s o he e nd e nt id, 92 3d t 99. W ha c tt e a e uson or de alof be st u r t t r e e nt r quies a t onsiut s n xcl i ni ne s nde he hid l me e r f cti e i and ca e s c f i r . Som e gui nce c n be gl a d fom t De rm e of a -nt nsve s - pe ik nquiy da a e ne r he pa t nt 3 l r he i ii ns he J tc sr ul tonspr ul t d unde t ADA ,1 aswel asfom t prordec so ofot r usie' eg a i om ga e r he court s. Unde f de a r gultons a publc e iy m a not on t ba i of dia lt de a r e r l e ai , i ntt y , he ss s biiy, ny qua i d i vi lt o rt t t pari pa e i orbene i fom a a d, beneft or servi lie ndi dua he ppo tmiy o tci t n ft r n i i, ce. 2 C. R. 35 1 0 b ( )i. t yn t fo da o p ru iyth t sn te u l ota af r e t 8 F. j .3 ( )1() I ma o a fr n p o tn t k a i o q a t h t fo d d o t ohes' I j 3 .3 ( )1(i.No ma i p o ie a ad b nei,o sr ie t t i n ta t r. d. 5 1 0 b ( )i ' ) r y t r vd n i , e ft r e vc ha s o s efcie i a f r ig e u l o po tnt t o ti t sme r s l.1 . j 3 .3 ( )1(i) fe t n fo dn q a p ru iy o b an he n e ut d v 5 1 0 b ()i . i Addii l çgjpublc e iy s l make ras e modiiai i polce ,pr cies or tonaly, ça i ntt hal e onabl fc tons n iis a tc , pr e es whe t m odika i a e ne s a y t a d die i i ton on t bass of oc dur n he f tons r ce s r o voi s rm na i he i dia lt unls t publc e iy ca dt o tae t t m a i t modik a i wo d s biiy, e s he i ntt n m nsr t ha k ng he t tons ul f n a n al atrt n t eo te sr ie p o r m,o a tvt . 1 j351 0 b ( ) s eas u d me tly le he aur f h e vc , r g n r ciiy' d. .3 ( )7 ; e lo ' j. j35.50()3) Te s ev.La 5 U. 5 532 ( 4)(; i no e nti t e iy l. s 1 a( ; nnese ne, 41 S. 09, 200 $ And n ve s he ntt r quied t unde tke m e s e t twoul i pos a t e r o ra a ur s ha d m e n mdue fna i lora i sr tve bur n, i nc a dm nita i de t e t n hit i pr e vai n i e e t ,or efe t a f m e a at r ton i t naur oft hr a e sorc es r to ntr ss f c unda ntl le a i n he t e he sr c ' Ther guai as s ii ly a e sc r to lfcltes 28 C. R.j35. 2. e vie. ). e ltons lo pecfcal ddrs orecina a iii . F. 15 Unl s a e epto i a oprae,s h f c lte ds l not plce i aes o d t ne s wih es n xc i n s ppr it uc a iiis sha l a nm t r e ai e t 1 A qualfe i viua i i n i vi wih adia lt who, wih orwihoutr as bl modikato t r es 2 iid ndi d l s t ndi dual t a s biiy t t e ona e t ins o ul , polci ,orpr c i s t r m ova ofa c t t a,c muni to ortans rai ba er,ort pr son of i es a tce , he e l r hiecur l om cain, r po tton ni s he ovii auxii r a ds a s vi s m ee st es en i elgi lt r r m e s f t r ei ofs r c s ort pa tci ton la y i nd er ce , t he s tal i biiy equie nt or he ec pt e vi e he r i pa i i pr g a o a t te p o i e b ap b i e t y. 4 U. C. 1 31 n o r ms r c i is r v d d y u lc n i ' 2 S. j 21 . vi t ' ' See 28 C .F..j 3 .0 e sn.4 U.. j 1 3 (ietn teAtone Ge ea t po laerg lto 3 R j 5 1 1 t e ; 2 SC. 214 drcig h tr y n r lo rmug t e uains i lme tn 4 U. C. 1 6, u c . lPatA) seas 45C. R.j 8 1e sq.rg ain pzsa tt te mpe nig 2 S. Ch. 2 S b h l, r ; e lo F. j 4. t e (e ulto s l u n o h r Re blainAc) ha ii to t. t dia ltes i f iii s t t do notofe t s m e pr nms a t f iiis whe e t woul s biii n ac lte ha f r he n ogr s he aclte r hey d oh r s b h u e ' 1 j 3 .5 ()2 (i .S c fcl iss alas Cmpe n r ao a l te wie e o s d. d. 5 1 2 b ()ii u h a ii e h l lo t lme t e s n be ' ) t i polcis i udi physc l modi a i t addii na c l i a co da e y ih t 2010 i e , ncl ng ia ic tons o to l els n c r nc vt he St nda ds s a t e ur t t e h i t wih a dia lt i hous d i a c l wih t a r , o s o ns e ha ac nma e t s biiy s e n el t he a e sbl elm e s ne s a y t afor t i t a c s t s e a opra e hous ng.' I cc s i e e nt ce s r o f d he nma e c es o af , ppr i t i ' d. j3 .5 ( ( ) 5 1 2b)3 . The c e l a es i ADA cli sby prs ner i s te e a ofe f c -pecfc. I as aw ddr sng am io s s ca tr d nd tn a ts ii n Ala v.Go r fre n l,t p an ifalg d h wa s b e td t u s f c n iin wh l lh o d, o x mpe he litf le e e s u j ce o n ae o dto s ie be ng ta pore on a whe c ra ce sbl van t g t outi m e ca a nt e s 405 F. i r ns td elhai- c s i e o o o sde di l ppoi m nt. Su p.2 26 , 0 71( D. Y. 0 5 .Th d src c u t ls iid t s r ie b ig d n e a p d 5 27 - S. N. 2 0 ) e itit o r ca sfe he e vc en e id s outi m e c c e, r t r t n mer l ta po tton. I a 280. The c t de e t sde dial ar ahe ha ey r ns rai d. t our nid he d fn a t'moin t d s s p an ifsADA cam b c us t alh u hplitf i n twh l ee d n s to o imis litf li e a e t lt o g anif s o ol l y p e l e fo p rii tngi t ss r ie i h i a rs o i c r sro sij re e c tme r cud d r m a t pai n hi e vc , f e s t ik f n u dng e iu nu is a h i c he a tmpt t t ke a nt ge ofouti m e c a t ton,sley he i bei denid t be ft te s o a dva a sde dial ten i tr l s ng e he ne is oft ss r c ' 1 hi e vi e. d. ' I Br ntv. a ca t Se nt Cic tno e t t n ya M di n, he ve h r ui t d ha t Ac wo d notbevi a e by a prs ssmpl f ii t at nd t t me c l he t ul olt d ion' i y alng o te o he di a ne d o isd sbld p io es No ds rmiain i alg d (h panif wa e s f t ia e rs n r. ici n to s le e ' t e litfl s , nottea e wore be us he wa dia ed.Hi c r td s ca e s s bl s ompli i t thewa notgi n ant s ha s ve s i ac omm oda i Unlket prs rpl ntfsi Lo v.M cBrde 896 F. pecal c ton. i he ione ai if n ve i , S p 8 8 ( D.I d.1 9 ) o Do n l v.Iln i S ae Bd o Ed c,8 9 F. u p. 0 N. n 9 5 , r n el lio s tt . f u . 2 Supp.1 6,1 ( D.11 1 ) hei no c ani ofbenge l fom 01 020 N. 1. 993 , s t ompli ng i xcuded r s e prs s r i e,p og a ,ora tviy,f e mpl a e r ie pr r m t t om ion e v c r r m c i t or xn e n xe c s og a ha hi pa a egi woul pr ve hi fo tki pa ti wihou s s r pl a d e nt m r m a ng r n t t ome m odika i t ton oft pr n .Hei c he ogr m s ompli ng a ani bouti ompe e teamen o hi pa a egi nc t nt r t t f s r pl a. TheADA doesnotc e t ar dy f rm e c lm apr tc r a e eme o di a l aci e. 8 F. 246,249 ( h Ci.1 ;s ealoEga v.Va.De tofCo r,No.7: 4 3d 7t r 996) e s n p' r. 06CV00338,2006 W L 2222674,a *2( . Va. t W D. Aug. 200 . 2, 6) A di t i tc ti Ca r n lo v. Civ ofN e Yor no e t ta pl i ifm us a l ge t t sr c our n r as uil t w k t d ha a ntf t le ha he d spr ve e fom pa tcpa i i orbe i i fom prs pr r sa s r i e be us i wa e nt d r ri i tng n nettng r ion og am nd e v c s ca e ofhi dia lt '324 F.Su 2d 428, 443( D. Y. s s biiy. ' pp. S. N. 2004 .Theco tdimis dt pli ifs ) ur s s e he antf cli t thi pl e e i housng f fom s r c s s h a t 1w lbr r and i im a y am ha s ac m nt n i ar r e vie uc s he a i a y nfr r vi aed t ADA be us i c us d hi g ea pan t wal s h dit t . JJ ( tngt tt olt he ca e t a e m r t i o k uc sawes .. noi ha he 1 Z pl ntf o y a lged dit uly, i ai if nl le fk t not mpos i lt , i a c si patc lrs r ie ) sbiiy n c e sng riua e vc s. l Saunde s v.Hom ,t diti tc tc l d t tt pl i if s fc e l a lged n r he src our oncude ha he antf ufi i nty le e l i f om a s r ce pr n ,or a tviy, whe e he a lge t tt bahr xc us on ' r e vi , ogr m ci t r le d ha he t oom a s we nd ho r f iii s oft de e ntprs we e i deq t 959 F.Supp. 68 697 ( D. .1 ) The ac lte he f nda ion r na uae. 9, E. Pa 996 . c tnoe t tto ca i e t tt pli ifs f e pai whe usng t fciiisa ghe our td ha ûne n nfr ha he antf uferd n n i he a lte t t p io )be a eo hsds bit . e eo e t p an ifh ss fiinl pldt et r ee n o rs n c us f i ia l y Th r f r ,he litf a u fce t e h hid lme t f i y hi A DA c a m .' d.a 697s l i '1 t 98. TheCour be ow a l esBa sADA cli t de e ne i t y sa ea c am .Des t t l na yz ne' a ms o t nni f he tt l i pie t g da oft saut ,r ul tons a e si c e l t Cour de iesf rhe bre i he ui nce he t t es eg a i , nd xitng as aw, he t sr u t r i fng fom t pa tesbeor t Cour a e s t ADA camson sl r j r he ri f e he t ddrses he li tmmay udgme g o . nt r unds Ac r i y,t Co twila k VDOC c ela M r Ba t f t radd es t c am st co d ngl he ur l s ouns nd . ne o urhe r s he l i hat pl usbl sa ea ca m t r le Thos t tdo notsaea cai wilbedim is d. a i y tt li o ei f e ha tt l m l s se 1 C l m 1:Faiur t Pro de Le dF' D i abiiy A c . ai l eo vi vel d ' s lt com m oda i t ons As t Cour pr vi l no e whie dic sng Cl i 1 i t c e of t Ei ht he t e ousy t d l s us i am n he ont xt he g h Am e e ,i t s cli Ba a l s t t C 'c a sfc ton gi n hi ndm nt n hi am ne lege hat he û l s iia i F' ve m whih pr ecs c ot t hi fom ha ng t e ge hil,sais a % ri r ' i c r nty be ng vi a e d t t m r vi o nga ls t r , nd t re s' s ur e l i ba olt d ue o he f c d kne lng t twoul ber quie s ul hebe r a sgne t Ad Seg, he lc ofwhe c i or e e i ha d e r d ho d esi d o t ak elha r a ce s bl ve cl s t t a por hi ,a t de a o ac es t t St u t e Li ng Uni. s c s i e hi e o r ns t m nd he ni l f c s o he r c ur d vi t The e go r unds a e a s s pa a e y a s t d a Cl i s 6, 11 and 5,r s tvey,whi h a e a r s ed r l o e r t l s ere s a m , e peci l c r dd e s bel .Be a e Cl m 1 i not ng m or t n a a agn ai oft e s pa a e c am s t ow c us ai s hi e ha n m l m ton hr e e r t l i , he Cour di m i s s i a d i tve t s s e t s uplca i . 2. Cl m 2:Confs ton o Leg Sl e sand Cr ch W hiei Ad Se ai ica i f e ve ut l n g Ast t c ic ton ofBa s1 se ves hi cli f l on t t r eeme . l ot r o he onfs a i ne' eg l e , s am ais he hid l nt n he wor ,he was no e l d fom pa tci ton i or de ed t be ft of a aci t o ds t xcude r ri pa i n ni he ne is ny tviy, r ot r s di c i i t d aga ns o t ba i of hi d s biiy w he t Sec iy D e e nt he wi e s rm na e i t n he s s s i a lt n he m t f nda s c i c t d hi lg see s.Ba doesnoti ntf a hi fom whi h he wa e l onts a e s e l ve ne de iy nyt ng r c s xcuded.The o y ijly he c n p itt a a rs l o t e d n a o t 1g se ve i te bo d s r t a nl nt r a on o s e ut f h e il f he e le s s h lo y o e h t de l ve oped o hi l The cl i i adn t a m e ca t e t e c ai as o n s eg. am s l o di l r a m nt l m ppos d t a de a of e o ni l be ft .Ther i no la lt undert ADA f a prs n' medialte t nt of is d s bld ne is e s ibiiy he or io s c r a me t ia e p io e s Se Br a tv. a i a ,8 F.d 2 6 2 ( t Ci.1 9 ) seas Ec nv. . p . rs n r . e v n M d c n 4 3 4 , 49 7h r 9 6 ; e lo a Va De t ofCor,No.7: r. 06CV00338,2006 W L 222267 a * ( . Va Aug.2,2006) Thus Ba s 4, t 2 W D. . . , ne' cli unde t ADA f de a oflgsee swilbedimis dl rj191 A( ( ) am r he or nil e l ve l s se mde 5 b)1. Ba s cai f de a ofhi c u e howeve ,doe sae a c am .Ba ha alege t t ne' l m or ni l s r t h, r s tt l i ne s l d ha wih u ac uc , ec n o wak. e ECF No 1 Co . t9 (myi bii t wakwi u my t o t r th h n n t l S e . , mpla t na l y o l t t s t ho c uc . .' . ec n ic to ofBa esc uc ,nc nu cinwi t ed na o hswhe lh i r th . .) Th o fs ain ' n ' r th i o j n to t h e il f i ec ar h r s and t kneei r quie eque t he lng e r ment m e nt t t Ba c d notac s s , a ha ne oul ce s howe s o o sde r r ut i r r a i dtrng hi sa i Ad Seg.l Ba di notha a di a lt t e s r c wo d be ec e ton li s ty n f ne d ve s biiy, hes e vies ul a l bl t hi .Ba al ge t thi dia lt was a G o i tng f t ' i hi i biiy t vaia e o m ne le s ha s s biiy û tvai acor' n s na lt o m a es t e s r c .Thus t c tf nds t t Ba ha a l ge a vi a i n of t A DA i cc s hes e vi es , he our i ha ne s le d ol to he n r r t t c ic to ofhi c uth.Addii ly,Ba al ge t t t s c iy r s ns ega ds o he onfs a i n s r c tona l ne le s ha he e urt ea o cied f t c icai n of hi c u c a e m e e y pr txt l snc ç t or he onfs to s r th r r l ee ua i e ç one Leg' a çlite ' nd çatl Robbi ' we e a l e' r lowed t ke p t i ç c m modai ns'i Ad Se . Se ECF No.29- Pl' o e her ç co a to ' n g e 1, .s Re y Af . t54. pl f a 3. Cl m 3:De alofW he l rW hiei Ad Se ai ni echai l n g Asi hi c am f de alofhi c uth,i Cl m 3 Ba al st the c d nota ce s n s l i or ni s r c n ai ne lege ha oul c s t s he howe sorouti r c ea in wihouta whe l harasa at r tvef a c u c . Ther ore, r sde e r to t ec i n le nai or r t h ef t Cour fndst the saes a c am .Howe r t t e e Ba alege t tt de a ofa he ti ha tt li ve , o he xt nt ne l s ha he ni l whe lharvi ae t ADA be us i e c r t d t s e o hi l g, t tpor i oft c a m ec i olt d he ca e t xa e ba e he or n s e ha ton he l i f isu d r j1 5 b ( )b c u e te e i n ADA la iiy frmee me ia te t n o a al n e 91 A( )1 e a s h r s o ib l o r dc l r ame t f t dia edprs r Se Br a ,8 F. a 249. s bl ione . e y nt 4 3d t 4. Cl i 4:R e us t A s Phys c an f W he c r O r r W hie i A d Seg am f al o k i i or el hai de l n The Cour tnds t t Cli 4 f is be us i al ge a vi a i c tl ha a m a l ca e t le s olton onneced t Ba s t o ne' m e ca team e ,f whi h t r i no ADA labiiy.1 Nur e M ic lsa fdavi sa e t t di l r t nt or c he e s i lt d. s t hel' fi t tt s ha w ha e r whe l ha r r ques Ba m a w as i con c i w ih t s e on hi l g, not i t ve ec i e t ne de n ne ton t he or s e n c r cin wih t s o ro o tier ce to ECF No 1 - , ic elAf. 23 Th rf r , o me to t he h we r usd e rain. . 9 3 M th l f ! . e eo e t Co r d s s e t i cam u e j 1 5 b ( ) he u t imis s hs li nd r 91 A() 1. 5. C l m 5:D e alofA c s t t St uc ur d Li ng Uni ai ni ce s o he r t e vi t Ba hasa lge t tW a de Young hasi tt ed a C r cur d Li ng Uni' pr n ne le d ha r n nsiut t u t e vi st t' ogr m a PSCC t tpr umabl ofer g e t rprviege t n t ea f r d t ot ri t s. ne ha t ha es y f s r a e i l s ha hos f o de o he nma e Ba s pl nl al ge t t he i ot r s qua ii f t pr a ,but c nno e e t pr a ai y le d ha s he wie lfed or he ogr m a t nt r he ogr m be us i i c ca e t s onduc e i an a e oft prs t ti notac es i e t dia e i t sdue t td n r a he ion ha s c sbl o s bl d nma e o t lc ofha ca c l a s he a k ndi p els nd howe s Thi sa e ac am t rt ADA. r . s t t s l i mde he 25 6. C l m 6:For i B a t K ne lW hie i A d Se ai c ng ne o e l n g Li Ba s c am s ki ac s t hi c u c a a wheec i, Ba a s aleg t t ke ne' l i ee ng ce s o s r t h nd lhar ne lo l es ha t kne lng r quie e e f tvey pr bie hi a e sng t s he ei e r m nt feci l ohi t d m cc s i he howe s orouti r c e ton. r sde e r a i Thi cai sat apl i e ca m f r le Ba as a lgest theha bee is d akne lng s l m t es ausbl li or e if ne lo le ha s n s ue ei wai ri r ga dst clani hi c l s ECF No. 29- ,P1' Re y Af. 25 a a hes ks ve n e r o e ng s el, ee 1 .s pl f! , nd s ee o l ij n tv r l f t ep r os o ti cam i t e e t tsme k e l g wav ri te ny nu cie ei , h u p e f h s li s o xtnd ha a n ei e n ie n h e nthes ul f dhi s l a i i Ad Se a wa st s we orus out i r c e ton. ve ho d m m ef gan n g nd nt o ho r e sde e r a i 7. Cl m 7:Unt ai St fCar yi Bane ai r ned af r ng Ba aleg t s pa a e oc asons i whih he wa or i ca re ont a of of ne l es wo e r t c i n c s s rid: o nd f ta por va be a e no wheec i ac es i e ve cls a e a ia e a PSCC,a t f ce r ns t ns c us lhar c sbl hi e r val bl t nd he or d ca r ng t tocc r d whie hew a i Ad Seg.Ast t f r r t scli i i ntca t Cl i r yi ha ure l sn o he o me , hi a m s de i l o am 11a t Cour d s is st sa pe tofCl i 7 a d i ai o Cli 11 Ast t l te , he nd he t im s e hi s c am s uplc tve f am . o he a tr doe notal get thewasde e a ce st a s r c oraci t be a e oft c r yi whie s le ha nid c s o ny e vie tviy c us he a r ng l i AdS g ti p rino t cam mu tas b d s se u d rj 1 5 b () n e ;h s o t f he li s lo e imis d n e 91 A( )1. o 8. C l m 9:R e us ofR e ai f al ques s t Se lT i Laundr Soap i Com m i s y t o l de y n s ar I Cl m 9,Ba aleg t tt PSCC polc f bi ng i aesa ce st lt y s p n ai ne l es ha he i y or ddi nm t c s o amdr oa dipr po tona ey afe t hi bec us ofhi dia lt .1 S ik al ,he c am st tbe a e of s o ri t l f c s m a e s s biiy 4 pec t ly l i ha c us hi dia lt hi pr e tve adsa unde c o hesbec s s biiy, s ot ci i nd rlt ome f s lng m o e quikl t n a e oul meli r c y ha bl bodi d pr s r c ot do.Thi i be a e B a s pr t tve a ds ar s i , 1 br e , e i one s' l hes s s c us ne' o ec i i - m lngs eg ac s e c. be t - come quikl s l d by s a a hi unde cl hes be om e sai d be aus he s f r c y oie we t nd s r ot c t ne c e ufe s fom i ontne e,ar ul ofne v dnmag r nc i nc es t re e. 1 Ba salegai i nott tW a de You orot rVDOC ofk il it ntonal dic i naea ns t 4 ne' l ton s ha r n ng he t as n e i ly s rmi t gai t he dia e i excudi lt ydetr ntfo s l i t c s bld n l ng amdr ege r m ae n he ommis y. sar 26 Ba ha al ge t the has no ac es t l und y s p,i t c mis r orby m al ne s le d ha c s o a r oa n he om s a y i or r a t tt ha s p W a de Yo hast d hi i çg e ug 'i smpl no go de , nd ha he nd oa r n ung ol m s ûood no h' s i y t od e nough,l di t prs r a gua d ai rdi ulng Bane be aus hi c la pe s s e l ea ng o ione s nd r s lke i c i c e s el nd r on m l lke s atan f es ECF No. P1' Re p.Opp' M ot Dim isa 2 28. i we d ec . 29, .s s n . s s t 4Def nt ofere denc t ts enda s f vi e ha ame day lt y s r i e i pr de once pe we k f < amdr e v c s ovi d r e o ea h i ae a t twa e dr i ng fo ha c nm t nd ha t r a ni r m ndwa he ie si a i ae' c l pos a s urt s d tm n n nm t s e l es ec iy rs Dee d n sa s r t a te efcse t l te t s mmayj d me tECFNo. 7 4 Yo ng ik. fn a t s et h t h s a t ni e h m o u r u g n . t 2 -, u Af. 6 l r s n e Ba ha o fr dp ru sv e i e c t tha dwa hngo p ro a ie f ! . n epo s , ne s fee es a ie v d n e ha n s i f e s n ltms i i f c a horz d by VDOC polc s ECF No.35- a 8,Va.De t ofCo1 . Ope ai s n a t ut i e iy, ee 1 t p' ', r tng r Pr edtr 802. (ut i ngt ha was ngofpes na iems,a hasalge t tnotonl oc le 1 a horzi he nd hi ro l t ) nd le d ha y does e c celha unobtusvehoo f rdr ng ha wms ie s butas t the ha be n a h l ve r i ks o yi nd hed t m , lo ha s e a e t obti l md y s p t wa h hi c ot ng a ç os' VDOC f iii s wher he hasbe n bl o a n al r oa o s s l hi t s t' m ac lte e e i ioned.Se ECF No.1 Compl a 11 2;ECF No. P1' Re p.Opp' M ot Dim isa 24mprs e , .t 29, .s s n . s s t On t s r o d,t c tc l hi ec r he our oncudes t t Ba has sa e a c am t tunde t ADA . ha ne t t d l i ha r he Spe t al hehasal ge t the i beng de ed a te lo runiy't as r i t tPSCC cik ly, le d ha s i ni n çqua ppo t t ' o e vce ha ofe s i t s c e efe tve l t y s r c - be a e of hi dia lt Se 28 C. R. f r- n hi as f c i amdr e vie c us s s biiy. e F. j35.30( ()ii. 1 b) 1(i) 9 Cl i 1 :Reus lt Do ume tAI Dia lte o M a o Pr blmsShe t . am 0 f a o c n I s biiis n j r o e e Li ot rpr vi c am s Ba ha notaleg t the ha bee de e pa tcpaton i ke he e ous l i , ne s l ed ha s n nid rii i n a pr n ors r i bec us oft fiur t doc nthi diabiiisont MaorPr e ny ogrm e vce a e he al e o ume s s lte he j oblms Shee.Thus t Co talodimis t scai unde j1 A( ( )be a emedialteame t , he ur s s ses hi l m r 915 b)1 c us c r t nt c ai sa e no vi e undert A D A .See Br nt 84 F. a 249. l m r t abl he ya , 3d t 1 Cl i 11:R e us t Pr de a W hee c r- e s bl V e c e 0. a m f al o ovi l hai Acc s i e hi l Cl i 11,i whi Ba f ulsDe e am n ch ne a t f ndan sf f ii t pr dea whe l ha ra ce sbl t or a lng o ovi e c i- c s i e ve ce,sa e a cai .I a a ogousc e, aNew Yor f r dititc tf hi l t t s l m n n nal as k ede al src our ound t tuns f ha ae c to whieta pori dia e prs r s ae a c am u rt ADA . Se Alah,405 F. ondii ns l r ns tng s bld ione s tt d l i nde he e l Supp.2d a 270- The Cour sm ia l fndst twhehe t s r i i outi medialca eor t 71. t i l ry i ha t r he e vce s sde c r a ta f r t a dif r ntf iiy,Ba ha m e t m i m a r quie nt f r sa i a ADA r nse o fe e aclt ne s t he ni l e r me s o ttng n c am he e. li r 11 Cl m 1 Faiur t Pro dea Saf Showe Are i t A- Pod . ai 2: l e o vi e r a n he 1 Ba saesa cai t the i de e s f s ne t t l m ha s nid a e howerf ciii bec us ofhi di a lt He a ltes a e s s biiy. a lges t ,as a dia e i ae,he has onl one r gul ry a es i e s le hat s bld nm t y e a l cc sbl howe .Thi s r s howe , r howe r i c it nty si r fom f wa t eve afe t m a co pl n s Ba ha ve , s onsse l lppe y r ood se n tr he ny m ait ne s l d.l Ba we e abl- e he c d pr s odge f ne r e bodi d, oul e umabl c e fom o he s we st tar l s y hoos r t r ho r ha e es si y,a he wo d lkey be a l srs t si on a si r foor bu bec us he i dia ed, lpper nd ul i l t es ik o lp lppe y l , t a e s s bl hei alge yf c dt us asngl s rt ti e lmbeedwihahi rs o bei ij e s le dl ore o e i e howe ha s ncl r t gh ik f ng nur d. The de e nt di no a es t sa lga i a a c am a m a do s i t i s c moton f nda s d t ddr s hi le ton s l i nd y o n her e ond i f rs mmayj d me t o u r u g n. 12.Cl m 1 Faiuret Alow Onlne Or r ng o Cl t ng ai 4: l o l i de i f o hi Cl m 1 f ist sa e acli be a e Ba ca poi t no pr r s r c orbe ft ai 4 al o t t am c us ne n nt o og nm, e vie, ne i t thei c r n l bei de ed.Hi ba i al ga i i t tt VDOC polc lm ii hi nonha s ur e ty ng ni s sc le ton s ha he i y i tng s c mmisr p rha e t mal r e p rh s so yd p ie hm o t ea ii t plc s j a s o say u c s s o i o d r u c a e nl e rv s i f h blt o t hae e n y r t a c v rh s lg b a e .Hi 1g b a e n c s i t j a t a ae wie b lw t k e t h t o e i e rc s s e rc s e e st e e ns h t r d r eo he n e o a a ommodaet e r bul t thi l bac c e t t sttofj nsi rfre t as' ootc .' cc t he xta k ha s eg r es r ae;hi i ea s eer d o t b ut' ECF No.29,P1' Res Opp' M ot Dimisa 33.Ba ha or r e fom J. Pe y fr .s p. n . s s t ne s deedj ans r C. nne o 28 ye s butJC.Pe y r c nty dic i d t i mai or r busne s f usng i tad on is ar , . nne e e l s ontnue her l de i s , oc i nse t itr e s ls Ll W hl Ba ee e t lyft a o h rb a do j a t a ft v rhi 1gb a e , n en t ae .t ie n v nual omd n t e rn f e ns h t i o e s e r c s x he a gue t tt ni m o hs ofefo tr r d t do s , co r d wih t sngl f r t r s ha he ne nt f r equie o o mpa e t he i e o m he a l-o e imae n e t fl o tt o d rj a fo te c mmist ,v oae t e ADA' beb did n ts e d o il u o r e e ns r m h o s a' i lts h y S û q a e j y n 'p o iins 1 . t3 - 6 t u l no me t r v so .d a 3 3 . e ' W hie t Co tr ogni s Ba s c l he ur ec ze ne' once n t t r t l s s f t o i m ehods of r ha eaier ' hit o nlne t b sn s ma e e t l ma et ej a sh n e si a c si l t hm, hms l a mie t a he u ie s y v nual k h e n e e d n c e sbe o i he i ef d t d h t y t wa a l t fn ten c s ayj a su e tec re tmalo d rs tm . < Ass h,heha no s be o îd h e e s r e n nd r h u rn i r e yse J uc s t - be n e du e fo ap o rm o t eb sso h sd sblt I t eDik esb a dj a sb c me e x d d r m r g a n h a i f i ia ii f h c i ' rn e n e o y. u v ia l i t ef t ea Ba ei u a l t fnda oh rrtie wi j a t a wo l fto e na alb e n h uur nd n s n b e o i n te ealr t e ns h t ud i v r h hi br c ,t n Ba ' ADA cai m i be vibl Untlt n,t Cour dim is t s ca m s a es he ne s l m ght a e. i he he t s s es hi li u d rj 1 5 b () n e 91 A()1 . 1 Cl m 15:Bane N otBe ng A lo ed t Par i i t i W or St 3. ai i lw o tc pa e n k udy Pr am ogr Ba has al ge t tde pie beng o he wie quai d t pa tcpae i t wo k sud ne le d ha s t i t r s lûe o rii t n he r t y pr a ,he i bei de e t topport t bec us medi ls fha gi n hi a medi l ogr m s ng nid ha tmiy a e ca àf s ve m ca c a st ai n t te f tvey f bi hi fom wor ng. l s i to ha feci l or ds m r k ki Banea lgest thehaswor d i ot r le ha ke n he f iii sa t twih orwihoutr as bl a commoda i he co d wor ECF N o.29,P1' aclte nd ha t t e ona e c tons ul k. .s Res Opp' t D e .s M ot D i m i s at36- H i alega i ns s a e a cl i unde t AD A .The p. n o f' . s s 40. s l to t t am r he Se trt D e e nt a gue i r pons t t t y a e no r s nsbl f Ba s i biiy t c ziy f nda s r n es e ha he r t e po i e or ne' na lt o pa tci t i t W or St y Pr n be us hi media cas ii a i pr bis i.The ri pa e n he k ud ogr m ca e s c l l sfc ton ohi t t pr e wih t sa g e ,howe ,i t ti f ist r cog z t tt tut def nda unde oblm t hi r um nt ver s ha t a l o e nie ha he r e nt r t s cl i i VD O C, not t s c iy ofi a s a PSCC . Thus i Ba i be ng de ed a hi a m s he e ur t tci l t , f ne s i ni n o pport t t pa tcpa e i t W or St y Pr r m o t bmss o hi dia lt i s t of tmiy o rii t n he k ud og a n he i f s s biiy n pie 29 beng ot nvie qua ii d, i uli ael i not i pora whi of VDOC' e oye i i he s lfe t tm t y s m tnt ch S mpl es s r ponsbl f t de i ton of Ba s rg s unde t ADA bec us VDOC i la e no es i e or he prvai ne' i ht r he a e s ibl m at rwhovi aedhi rgh s te olt s i t. 1 Cl i 17:Ret i ton Cl m ForBane' Pr ousLii i 4. a m ala i ai s evi tgaton t esa ih a prma f i r t lai n c am unde t ADA , panif mu talg ( ) $ To t bls i ace e ai to l i r ht lit s s le t 1 f t tt y e age i pr eced c ha he ng d n ot t onduc,( t tt y s frd a a rea ton,a ( t ta t 2) ha he ufee n dves ci nd 3) ha ca a lnk e ss be wee t pr ec e c us l i xit t n he ot t d onduc and t a r e a ton.' A Soc' W ihout a t he dve s c i ' v t Na v.Vicni,6 5 F.d 3 2,35 (t Ci.2 1 c r.d ne ,1 2 S.Ct 1 6 ( 01 ) me ri a 5 3 4 0 4h r 01 ) e t e id 3 . 90 2 2 (ntmalcttonso te . ie iai mitd) Ba a l est thi pr t c e cond twast ltga i he hasfl d a t tt ad r e ne leg ha s o e t d uc he ii ton ie nd ha he ve s a tonsa e a lt wr ngshehasalege i t sc s Fore de oft c us lnk bewee t ci r 1 he o l d n hi a e. vi nce he a al i t n he c onduc a t ad r e a ton,Ba s e st r l p i l on a sa e e by W a de Yo t nd he ve s c i ne e m o ey rmmiy t t m nt z n ung i 2002 whe ht wasBa swa de a W a lnsRi St t Prs Yo n n ne' r n t le dge a e ion. ung al dl s i t n, lege y ad he i r Ba you know a 1t s ltga i w il c e ba k t bie yo i t l ng r n,don' you?' û . ne, M 1 hi ii ton l om c o t u n he o u t ' ECF No. 1 Compl a 1 As t W ar n Young,t Cour fnds t Ba ha pla , . t 8. o de he ti hat ne s e ded t he mi malr quie e s f an ADA r t lai c am .Ba s e s t a l e t the i s ng a1 ni e r m nt or e aiton l i ne e m o leg ha s ui 1 De e nt f r t lai buthe ha notplade f c s s fce t s f nda s or e ai ton, s e d a t ufi int o uppor a r t la i c am t e a iton l i a i ta Def nda ot rt n W a den Young a gans ny e nt he ha r nd- vi r s de s pe i r MDoc.To t a epon at u r o he e e t Ba alege o he De e n s vi a e t ADA' a ir t lai n pr vii ,cli xt n ne l s t r f nda t olt d he S nt-e ai to o sons a ms a i tt eot rDe e nt a edim is d. ga ns hes he f nda s r s s e C. A br ton ofSover i I m uniy Unde t Unie St t v.Ge zi Te t oga i egn m t r he t d a es pr . s a B e a e Cl i z s c tc l t de alof Ba s l s e ves w hie i A d Scg does c us a m - pe ii aly, he ni ne' eg l e l n -- no sa ea cam unde t ADA,a t sm pe toft c am wa t onl g o on whih Ba t t t li r he nd hi s c he l i s he y ' und r c ne s ought mone a y da a s t Cour ne d no a r s whe he Til 1 of t ADA valdl t r m ge , he t e t dd es t r te 1 he i y a ogaes sa e s ve e gn i uniy.Se Unie Stt s v.Ge ca 546 U. 1 ( br t t t o r i mm t e td ae or i, S. 51 2006) The . - - r man e o Ba escamss e o l p o p cieij n tv r l f whihrme ysaes v r in e id r f n ' li e k ny r s e tv nu cie ei , c e d tt o eeg e i uniy doe no ba . Pare Yot 209 U .S.1 ,1 5 5 ( 9 ) mm t s t r Ex t mg, 23 5 - 6 1 08 . D. Cl m 13,I er e nc wih Bane' Le M ai ai nt f re e t s gal l Bane a s a l s t t Se iy D e e l o lege ha curt f ndant Young, Ba t , a W a z di e t d t s ton nd l r c e he mair loom s pe v s ,E.Ne tr a ot rsa ft ope r a a ce o tç e l m a ke lgal u r ior se , nd he t f o n, e d, nd ns r lclary r d' e l ter f om gove nm e a t neys prva e a l ne ,a t U .S.C o tofA ppe s f Ve e an et s r r nt tor , i t tor ys nd he ur al or t r Cl ms. ECF No.1 Compl a 1 1 Amongt m alhe a lge De e nt i o l ope d ai ' ' , . t 5- 6. he i le s f nda s mpr pery ne wer l te sfom t Ge r Couns lf t De rme ofVetr Afaisc er ng ca ms e e tr ' he ne al r e or he pa t nt e ans f r onc ni li pendi bef e t Cour ofAppe l f Veer ns Cl m s Spe ikaly,Ba poi s t a l a t ng or he t a s or t a ai . c f l ne nt o t e s tfe n lte sfom t Cour ofAppe l f rVe e a Cli st twe e i o ry handld whe i te e tr r he t a s o t r ns am ha r mpr pe l e n Defnda sal edl o ne ra ( sdeofBa spr e e ,a t n dei rdt m t hi e nt leg y pe d, e d outi ne' esnc ) nd he lvee he o m b t r gul m alpr e s Se ECF No.29,P1' Re p.Opp' t De ' M o .Dimis a 28. y he e ar i oc s . e .s s n o fs t s s t Bane a s a l ges t t he ne r r e ve s e l te s f om t Cour of Appea s f r V e e a l o le ha ve ec i d om e t r r he t l o t r ns Cl i s a t t on one oc s on a l te w a ope a m , nd ha ca i e tr s ned a s nt t t o i or e t c l be or nd e o w nc r c els f e r a hi hi a whihpoi s vealpag oft e l e c tdoc nt weemisng.J. a e c ng m- t c nt e r es he ncos d our ume s r si /. t z 29.He a s a lgest telven lte sfom prva e a t ne t twer cla l ma ke a beng lo le ha e e tr r i t tor ys ha e e ry r d s i fom a t ne we eopene outi ofhi pr s nc r tor ys r d sde s e e e. The Cour wilf e t pa te 'a tona ar t l or go he ris ddii l gume si t b i fng,f usng i t d nt n he re i oc i nsea on whe he Ba salega i i t Compl ntsat a cai .Co l ng t tt y do not t t r ne' l tons n he ai t e l m ncudi ha he , he Cour g a st D e e nt 'M oton f Slm m a y J t r nt he f nda s i or z r udgm e . nt 31 W hie B a r f r t a vi a i n ofhi Fi s A m e l ne e e s o ol t o s rt ndm e rg t pe ii t go nm e nt i ht o tton he ver nt f r dr sofgre nc ,ECF No.1 Compl a 15- 6,Ba sf t al gai s t d mor i or e es iva es , .t l ne' acual le tons om en t nalr of cai f () a ce st t c t unde t Fis Ame he tze l ms or 1 c s o he ours r he rt ndme ,s Stnlv v. nt eq a e Vi ng,602 F. 7 770 ( h Ci.201 (4hee mus be s alegain t tt prs ni 3d 67, 6t r 0) df r t ome l to ha he ion ofk ils c t a ' ondud a mount d t de a of a c s t t co t or s e o ni l c es o he urs ome f m of c ns s p of or e orhi s e c . , nd( )terg t oc u s lu d rteS xhAme me t S e j.(1 o d rt saea j p e h' a 2 h ih t o n e n e h i t ) nd n . e J, Cn r e o tt t 1 3 c za e c am f de i ton of rg t c 98 ogni bl l i or prva i i ht o ouns l t r m us be s e , he e t ome al ga i le ton i c tng a i e f e wih t prs rs r l i hi wih c ms l I o de t sa e s a ndi a i n ntrer nce t he ione ' eatons p t ot e . n r r o t t uch c am t r m us be s ehi mor t n a a l a i t ta g r te hi le m al i hi l i he e t om t ng e ha n leg ton ha ua d r ad' s lgal i' n s pr s nce a t t he was ofe d or beleve t s a t be a vi a i of a sa e prs ee nd ha f nde i d hi ct o olton tt ion rg lto .)(ii W of v. c r l, 8U. 5 9, 7 - 7( 9 4 ) e u ai n' ctng lf M Domel41 S. 3 5 6 7 1 7 ). ' Ba s me e as e ton t t De e nt' i pr r ha i of hi l ga m al s ve el ne' r s ri ha f nda s m ope ndlng s e l i e r y hi r d ltgai be or t Cour of Appe l f Ve e a s Cl i s s e ECF No.29,Pl' nde e ii ton f e he t a s or t r n' am , e .s Res Opp.M o .Dim is a 29- i nots fc e t sae a a e s t c t c am .Ba s p. t s s t 30, s ufi i nt o t t n cc s o ours l i ne' a lga i do notdemonsr t a s ci m a ri whi h t m alis s a ve s l afeced le tons ta e ny pe t k nne n c he i s ue d r ey f t h sl iain ef rs Le sv. sv 51 U. 3 , 51 3 3( 9 6 (idn t a t saed na i i g to fo t. wi Ca e , 8 S. 43 3 , 5 1 9 ) fn ig h t o tt e il t ofa e st c t ca m , nma emus de onsr t t tc lng polc ç nde e hi e f t t cc s o ours li i t t m ta e ha hale ed i y t hi r d s fors o p ru a lg lcam, me nn t a n nfi oo s lg lcam h l)be n fu tae o u s e e a li ' a ig h ta o rv lu e a li a s e r srtd r ' i de '. mpe d' ) The s e r s tobt i on Ba s rghtt c nm e ul a ns ne' i o ouns l c ai .W hie Ba ha t he r ghtt e lm l ne s ç i o t s k a ob an t a ssa e ofc ee nd t i he s it nc ompetntco els t tt a s ri ofl ga cli smay be e uns o ha he s e ton e l am f l efeci ,'M c no h v.Di.ofPauxe ,429 F. 11 11 ( h Ci.1 uly f tve' Do uz r t nt 2d 89, 92 4t r 970)(ii ctng Colma v.Pe on,340 F. 603 ( h Ci.1 e n yt 2d 4t r 965:,he ha notalege t to ni malfom s l d ha pe ng i r t e ep o pe tv atr e sçn efr gd wih g n 'lr lto s i wi c t e. S eS a lv h s r s cie to n y t tree e q t Ba es eain hp t oms l' e tne , i h ' 60 F. a 770.Ba s al gai s ey i c t n 2 3d t ne' le tons ur l ndi a e nnoya a pe ha i onve e att nce nd r ps nc nince he at e tom ys' pr omotona ma e i s beng ope i l t ral i ned o sde hi pr s nce b a ut i s e e , ut nnoya e a nc nd i onve e a e i uf ii ntt sae a rghtt co ms c am t nc nince r ns fc e o t t i o t el l i mdert Si h Am e he xt ndme . Lnt d a The Cour g a st Def nt 'M oton f Summ a y J t r nt he enda s i or r udgm e t o Cl m 1 , t l alm ai n n ai 3 he eg l cl i . am VI I. CONCLUSI ON The Cour GRANTS t M e ca Defnda s Moton t Dimis ( t he di l e nt' i o s s ECF No. 1 9) GRANTS I PART a DENI I PART t Se urt De e nt' M oton f Summ a y N nd ES N he c iy f nda s i or r J dg n ( No 2 ) a dDI I SES s meo Ba escamst e 2 U. C.j 1 5 b) u me t ECF . 6 , n SM S o f n ' li md r 8 S. 91 A( . Spe ii aly: c fc l * Ei ht Am e e Cli s g h ndm nt am o The C o tdi m i s ,gr nt t m oton t dim i s or g an s t m o i n f s m a y ur s s es a s he i o s s , r t he t o or um r j d me to Cli 1 2, , a d6is fra t ya s r Ei hhAme me t li . u g n n ams , 3 4, n n o a s he s et g t nd n cams o Cl m 1 on t bassoft Ei hAm e ai 2 he i he ght ndme sa e ac am . nt t t s l i * AD A J A Cl m s R ai o The Cour dim is ,gr nt t moton t dim is orgr nt t m o i f s t s s es a s he i o s s, a s he ton or umm a y r j g n o Cli 1 2 (st t c nfs aino t 1gse ve ) 4 7 8 1 ,1 ,1 , ud me t n ams , a o he o ic to f he e le s, , , , 0 4 6 a d 1 (st a1De e d n se c p W ad n Yo ng i hso t a c p ct a d b n 7 a o l fn a t x e t r e u n i fkil a a i n , y y e e i VDOC) xtnson, . o Ba e sAD n' Cli 2( st tec n ic to o tec uc ) 3 5 6 9 1 , 2,1 , ams a o h o fs ain f h r th , , , , , 1 1 5 a 1 (st W ar nYot i hi ot alc pa iya byextnson, nd 7 a o de mg n s fki a ct nd, e i VDOC)saea tt va i c ai . ld l m * Le lM ai Cl i ga l am o TheCo r g a t t emoinf rs mma yj d me t st Cli 1 . u t rn s h to o u r u g n a o am 3 Addiinal Ba br ughtcai a ns t MedialDee nt o yt rj198 a to ly, ne o l ms gai t he c fnda s nl mde 3 nd notunde t ADA .SeeECF No.1 Co pl a 3, ECF No. - , .sRe l Af. 2 . al f r he , m .t 29 1 Pl' py f ! 4 As 1 o t Ei h Amendme c am sa i tt M e c De e he ght nt l i gans he dial f ndan sha be n dimis d, t e M edi l t ve e s s e h ca De e nt ar t r i t d fom t s c e.Nese ,t m aloo s r i o , i a s tr i t d f nda s e e m na e r hi as tr he ir m upe v s r s lo e m na e fo te c s b c u et e Co r ga td s mma yj d me to Cli 1 ,t o l cam ta r m h a e e a s h u t r ne u r u g n n am 3 he n y li h t na e hi a ade e nt m d m s f nda . The Cour r quess t t couns or VDOC a t Se urt De e nt a e s t t e t ha elf nd he c iy f nda s ddr s he s v vi c a m s i a M oto f r Sum m a y J ur i ng l i n in o r udgm e due 30 daysf om t e r oft sor r A s nt r he nt y hi de . t t eADA cams Co n e s oud a d e swh te Ba ec n s r ies mmayj d me ta t oh li , u s l h l d rs eh r n a u vv u r u g n s o ea h oft ee e sofa ADA on e h cai ;whe he Ba ha sa ng t s e pr pe tve c he lm nt n ac l m t r ne s tndi o e k os c i ij n tv rle frted sic p s v oain h cams wh t e t a to so t eM e ia a d nu cie eif o h itn t at i lto s e li ; eh r he ci n f h dc l n Sec iy De e nt c n be i urt f nda s a mput d t VDOC a orPSCC t rr s e o nd/ mde eponde s pe or whet r at u ri ; he c mpyig wi Ba ' camsf rij nci r le wo d c us VDOC t t t n nal atr o l n t nes li o nu t eif ul a e h ve o çmd me tl le f y t enau eo t es r ie p o rm o a tvt 's e28C. R. 3 .3 ( )7 ; ehe c mpyng h tr f h evc , r g n r cii ' e yy F. j 5 1 0 b ( ) wh t r o li wih Ba s ca ms woul i pos an i md bur n' o VDOC,s e Te s e v.La ,5 t ne' li d m e d ue de ' n t e nne s e ne 41 U. 5 9 5 2( 0 4 , n o h ris sr ie b t eCo r t e e c cam. S. 0 , 3 2 0 ) a d t e sue asd y h u tmd r a h li A f e de e e c m s s is isM oton f Sum m a y J m e , a w ilha 21 da t r f ns ot el ubm t t i or r udg nt B ne l ve ys i whi h t tl hi r s n c o ie s e pons .Def ns c e e e ouns lwilt n ha 1 da t fl a r s e,s d e l he ve 4 ys o ie e pons houl any be desr d. ie 34 ENTER: hs l$r dyo Dee e, 0 2 T i '2 a f cmbr2 1. . esC. zk Ttr Se orU nie St t s Di t i tJudg ni t d a e s rc e