Vencill v. Baskerville, No. 7:2012cv00140 - Document 20 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 11/14/2012. (kab)
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CL ERK:OIFI t. tll. Z C: k:.lt' COURT f ATRQANOKQ. VA FI EL L ) I TH E U N I N TED STA TES D I STRI T CO UR T C FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STRI T O F V I G I I C R N A R O AN O K E DIV I N SIO JO DI LEE V ENC I LL, N0# 1j 2 1 22 JULA c. Dt tCLERK I D E' B ; DEP Y , d/ CLER M EM O R AN DU M O PI I N N O Pett oner ii , C ASE NO .7: CV - 40 12- 001 V. PHYLLI A.BASKERVI S LLE!W ARDEN FL UVA N NA C O R R EC TION AL CEN TER FO R W O M EN R es pondent . By: Jam esC .Turk Se or U nied St e D i t i tJudge ni t at s s r c J LeeVe l (ç ttone'o ; nc1',a i t i t Commonwe lhofVigi a odi ncil Gpeii r' r $ i1' n nmae n he Ve ) at r ni pr ee ng pr K,fld t speiin fra wrtofha a c puspurua t 28 U. C.j2254. oc di o ie hi tto o i be s or s nt o S. Ve cl c aln e t vai i o h rc nfn me tp ru n t tr e 2 6j d me t b te n il h le g s he ldt f e o i e n u s a t o h e 00 u g n s y h y Cic tCo tofTa welCouny:()c ci a snt i frc pia y,f s prtns r ui ur z l t 1 onviton nd e encng o ons rc ale ee e, a fi r t rg se a asx of n e;()rv c to o p o ain a d( )l n Se Pe. 5 nd al e o e itr s e fe d r 2 e o ain f r b to ; n 3 mve y. e t! , u ECFNo.1 Re ponde tldaM oto t Dimis( No.7) a Venclr ponde ( No. . s ntie in o s s ECF , nd il es d ECF 18,ma ng t matrrpe f diposton,Afe rviw oft r or t co tgrnt t ) ki he te i or s ii tr e e he ec d, he ur a s he m o i t dim is Ve ils cai a tm e ba r d by t one yea saut oflmiai o 28 ton o s s nc l' l ms s i - re he - r tt e i t tons f U. C.j2244( S. *. 1. On Augus 31,2005,Ve l,r pr s n e by c el e e e nol contnde e plast t ncil e e e t d ouns , nt r d o e r e o c r es of cons r cy t dit i e oxyc ha g pia o s rbut odone a t ob a n m oney unde f l e pr t ns . nd o t i r a s e e es Venc l w a s nt nc on J nua y 25,2006 f t c pi a y a f l e pr t ns of e es a ong il s e e ed a r or he ons r c nd a s e e e f ns l w ih a of ens f f ii t r gi t ra a s x of e r Ve l w a s e e t a t t lt n ye r t n f e or a lng o e s e s e f nde . ncil s ent nc d o o a e a s i prs nm e - pa tof whih t c ts pe d,la ng Ve ilwih fve y r a t l m io nt r c he our us nde e vi ncl t i ea s nd weve mont t s r e.Conviton & Se e i Or r(a 25,20 ( .(R05538t ough -39 hs o e v ci ntncng de J n. 06) Nos 2 - hr 5 a CR05- 1 ) Res tEx.3,ECFNo.9. nd 1 56 , p' A s a c e nc oft s ne c c i , he c r ui cour r voke V e ils s pe d ons que e he e w onvi tons t i c t te d nc l' us nde s nt nc a pr ton f Ve l' t ea e 2000 c c i f c e e es nd obai or ncils mr lt d onviton or once l e a 2002 am nt nd c n ci nf rf ri l s d my P o ain Vi ain Or e (a 2 , 0 6 ( s 9 - 9 -3, 9 o vito o o cbe o o . r b to olto d r J n. 7 2 0 ) No . 9 8 70 9 898- CR0003, 2287- ,01 5 - ,Res tEx.4,ECF No.9.The c tr mpos d sntnc s 01 - 5102) p' our ei e e e e t a i t e y- ouryea s butr - us nde a 1butt ye r ,wih t pr s t r t be f l e ot lng w nt f r, e s pe d l en a s t he i on e m o olow d by i i t pr ton.I ndefnie obai d. Atapr e di on Aprl1 2006, nc l e e e nol c e r plast sx c sof oc e ng i 0, Ve il nt r d o ont nde e e o i ount f o lr eny.By or r e e e M a 22,2006,t c r s ntnc d he t t l ye r- wih elny a c de nt r d y he ou t e e e r o weve a s t s x y r s pe d t nz c ur e w ih he pr vi l i pos d s nt nce .Con c i & i ea s us nde - o n onc r nt t r e ousy m e e e s vi ton Se e i Or r( a 22,2006 ( .CR05 1 t ough - 434) Res tEx.5,ECF No.9. ntncng de M y ) Nos - 429 hr 1 , p' Ve ildi no i e ael a ala oft econ ci nsors nt e . nc l d t mm di t y ppe ny hes vito e enc s On J nua y 29,2008,Ve ilfld he frtpeii f a wrtofhabe s c puswih t a r ncl ie r is tton or i a or t he Supr me Cour ofV igi a.Ve ilc lng t va i t of t cr ui c ts J nua y 25, e t r ni nc l hale ed he ldiy he ic t our' a r 2 0 ;J n ay 2 ,2 06 a d Ma 2 ,2 0 j d me t,ctn a v rey o g o n s f rh r 0 6 aur 7 0 ; n y 2 0 6 u g n s iig ait f r u d o e pe ii i l ng a deni of he rgh t a pe l O n M a 29,2008, t Supr m e Cour of tton, nc udi al r i t o p a. y he e t Vigi a a de Ve ila wrt ofha s c pus a t t de alofhe rghtt ap a a r ni war d nc l i bea or s o he ni r i o pe l nd g a e he l ve t f l a del ye a alw ih t Cour of Appea s of Vi gi a. Se R .N o. r nt d r ea o ie a d ppe t he t l r ni e 0 0 33 Re p' Ex.6,ECF No 9 Th c u tas ds se wi o tp eu ie h rrmann 82 , s t . . e o r lo imis d t u rj d c e e iig h habeas cl m s.l V encilpur ai d. l sued t del he ayed appeal w hi t Courtof A ppeal of V i ni , ch he s rgi a de e by or rdae M a 27,2009.See R.No.2258- 3,Re p' Ex.7,ECF No.9.Ve il nid de td y 08s t ncl di notpurueas eque a alt t Supr me Co to Vigi a. d s ubs nt ppe o he e ur f r ni O n M a 27,201 V e l f l d he s ond pe ii n f r a w rt ofhabe c pus w ih t y 0, ncil ie r ec tto o i as or t he S p e Co r o Vig na c aln ig t e sme tr e 2 0 j d me t.Ve cl p e e td u rme u t f r i i h le gn h a h e 0 6 u g n s n il r sn e va i cai i l ng:t ts wa de e e f c i as itnceofc rous l ms ncudi ha he s nid fe tve ssa ouns l t the plaswe e e ' ha r e , r n tk wigy a d vot ai ma e t a h r d u l j o ad rg t wee voae b h r o no n l n l rl d ; h t e o be e p r y ih s r iltd y e mt y co c i n f m uli e coun s of f ony l r e t t he due pr s r g s w e e vi a e nvi to or tpl t el a c ny; ha r oce s i ht r ol t d b c u etetil u g a Co nwe l sAto n yh d c nlcso itr s;h th rs n e c e a s h ra j d e nd mmo at h' tr e a o tit f n ee t ta e e tn e c tt es c e a unus lpuni hm e ;a t the s nt e e ed s nt nc ng g de i s ons iut nz l nd ua s nt nd ha r e enc xce ed e e i ui lne . By or r da ed J nua y 1 201l t Supr m e Co tofV igi a dim i s d Ve il spe ii on de t a r 3, , he e ur r ni s s e nc l ' tton t m e is R. 1 01 Res tEx. 8,ECF No.9. he rt . No. 01 9, p' No. On J nua y 1 201 V e ilm o t sCo tf r a e e i oftm e i whi h t brng a r 0, 2, nc l ved hi ur o n xt ns on i n c o i a pe ii f a wr t of ha s c pus M a s r t J e Ba l de e V e l' m o i t tton or i bea or . git a e udg lou ni d ncil s ton o e e he tm e t t l a pe ii bec us s h a e e i i notpe ted by t U nie St t xt nd r i o i e tton a e uc n xt nson s nnit he t d a es Code.Howeve,t Co tc tued a c tonal fl Ve ils moton a a j225 r he ur onsr nd ondii ly ied ncl' i s 4 pe ii n a diece he t s tto nd r td r o ubmi a a e d pe iin wihi t n d ,sa i he cli s f t n m nde tto t n e ays t tng r am or ha asr if a pr e i any a gume sast why he pe ii s d be c i r d tm ey be ele nd es ntng r nt o r tton houl onsde e i l fld unde j2244( ()orwhy i s ul ot r s bec i r on t meisde pie beng ie r d) 1 t ho d hewie onsdeed he rt s t i uni l fld. Se Cas No.7:2CV000l Ve ilfie t s mi a c intj 2254 tmey ie e e l 5. ncl ald o ub t ompla pe ii butr t r fl d a m o i f a poi m e t ofco e .The Cour de e t t m o i n on tton, a he ie ton or p nt n uns l t ni d ha t o Fe ar 1 201 a gave V e ila he t n da t s i a pe ii t i l d a c ea bnz y 3, 2, nd nc l not r e ys o ubm t tton hat nc ude l r and conci s at entofher cl m s.See ECF N o.9,Ex.11.V encilagai f l t com pl and se t em ai l n aied o y, t Co tdimis Cas No.7:2CV0001 wihoutprj c by Fi lOr re ee Fe uay he ur s sed e 1 5 t eudie na de ntrd br r 29, 201 l zVe ilt n fl t pr s n pe i o o Ma c 1 201 'c a l ng t t e 2. k. ncl he ied he e e t tt n n r h 9, 2, h lengi he hr e i 2006j gme sa rii t smecli s pr e e i he s cond peiin frawrtof ud nt nd asng he a ams he esntd n r e tto o i ha sco pust t Supr m e Cour ofV igi a. bea r o he e t r ni I l. A . St ut ofLi iat ons at e m t i Ha e s pei o fld u d r 28 U. C.j2 4 ae s be t t a o eye r p ro o b a t ins ie n e t S. 25 r u j c o n - a e id f lm ia i t tbe nst r on t l t s off r da e i t ton ha gi o un he a e t ou t s: ( t e d t o whc te j d me tb c me tn lb t e c n l in o dr c A) h ae n ih h u g n e a i a y h o cuso f ie t r vi w ort e r ton oft tme f rs e ng s h r vi w; e e he xpia i he i o e ki uc e e ( t dae on whi t i B) he t ch he mpedi ntt flng a a iaton c e td b Stt me o ii n pplc i r ae y ae a ton i vi a i n oft Co tt i n or l w s oft Unied St t s i r m ove i c i n ol t o he ns iuto a he t ae s e d, f t a i ntw aspr ve e f om f lng by s h St t a ton; he pplca e nt d r ii uc a e c i ( t daeonwhih t co tt inalrg aset wa i taly rcog ze by C) he t c he nsiuto iht s red s nii l e ni d t Supr me Cour,i t rg hasbee ne y r c ni e by t Supr he e t f he i ht n wl e og z d he eme Cour t a mader toa tvel a ia et ca eson c l e alr vi or nd e r c i y pplc bl o s olatr e ew; ( t daeonwhih t fcua prdi t oft cai orcai pr e td c d D) he t c he a t l e cae he l m l ms es ne oul ha bee di c r d t ough t e r i e ofdue dii nce. ve n s ove e hr he xe c s lge 2 U. C. 2 4 ( ) 1. u e to B tr u hD aeia pia eh r, trhe d ly d a p a 8 S. j 2 4 d () S bs cins h o g r n p lc bl e e Afe r ea e p e l wa de e t sae di not pr ve Ve il fom tlng a f de a ha as peii See s nid, he t t d e nt nc l r ii e r l be tton. j2 4 ()1 ( . ncl d e n ta s r an wl rc g ie rg t S e j2 4 ( )1( .Laty 2 4 d ()B) Ve il o s o se t e y e o nz d ih . e 2 4 d ( )C) sl, Ve cl wa a r o t f cu l r dc tso h rcamswel f r t esaej d me tb c me n il s wae f he a ta p e iae f e li l beo e h tt u g n e n fna ,a e de ed by he i l i of i ntc cam s i he tr tsa e ha a peii See i l s vi nc r ncuson de ial li n r i s tt be s tton. j22 d)1( .Thee or,t one yea pei oflmiai bega t rm fom t d t on 44( ( )D) rf e he r rod i ttons n o t r he ae 1 A prs ' habeaspe ii i dee ed fl when s delver i t prs of al f m aii t ioners tton s m ied he i s t o ion fci s or lng o t c r.Se Rul 3 d) RulsGo r n j225 Ca e . he ou t e e ( , e venig 4 ss wh c tesaej g n sb c mefn l wh ne Ve cl e h u tdhe o p ru iist s e ih h tt ud me t e a ia- e n i x a se r p o tnte o e k l diec rviw orwhe t tmet dos e rd.Se j2 d)1( . r te e n he i o o xpie e 244( ( )A) V e l w a s nt nc by t s a e co ton J nua y 25 a 27,2006 a o M ay 22, ncil s e e ed he t t ur a r nd nd n 2006.A lhough Venc l di nota ala t ttm e t Supr m e Cour of Vi gi a s bs que l t il d ppe t ha i , he e t r ni u e nty f und t t he rght t appe ha be n de e a gr nt her t r g t pu s a de ay o ha r i o al d e ni d nd a ed he i ht o r ue l ed a a .The Cour of Appe s of V ig ni de ed V e ils pe ii f a ppe l t al r i a ni nc l ' tton or ppea on M a 27,2009. l y W he t tm e f Ve ilt purue die t r viw of t Cour of Appe l 'decson i t n he i or nc l o s rc e e he t as ii n he Supr m e Co t of V igi a ex r d on Jm e 26, 2009, her convi tons bec m e fna unde e ur r ni pie t 2 ci a i l r j2244( ( )A) SeeJmi zv.Oum ema 555 U. 11 1 ( d)1( . i ne r n, S. 3, 21 2009)(û' l r asaecou t çg he e tt r W gr nt a c i naldef nda t rg t fl a outoftm e die ta a s rmi e nt he i ht o ie n - -i r c ppea dtrng sa e c lt r l l li tt ola e a rviw,b tbeo et e d fn a th sfrts ug tfd rlh b a rle , sj d me ti n ty t e e u f r h ee d n a is o h e ea a e s eif hi u g n s o e t n l f rpupo e o j2 4 ( )1( . ns c ac s ,' ed t o whih tej d me tb c me t a ' o r s s f 2 4 d ( )A) l u h a e t ae n c h u g n e n i h tna by t co l i ofdiec r viw ort e r ton oft tm e f s ki s h r vi i l he ncuson r te e he xpia i he i or ee ng uc e ew' m us r l c t c us on of t o - -i e diec a al o t e r ton of t tm e f r t efe t he oncl i he ut oftm r t ppe , r he xpia i he i o se ng rviw oft ta l' .Irs ci ofa t lng,Ve l t n ha oneyea untl e ki e e ha ppea.) re pe tve ny oli ' ncil he d r i J 28,201 t peii t sCour f rle unde j2254.Unls asaut yt lngpr so une 0 o tton hi t or eif r e s tt or oli oviin or e t bl t lng a i t V e ils f de a ha s pe ii tl d M a c 1 201 i i quia e oli pples o nc l' e r l bea tton i e r h 9, 2, t s untmeyfldunde j2244( ( ) i l ie r d)1. B. Toli l lng ssucs Under28 U. C.j2 d)2) t o ye rflng pe i i t l whie a i t s S. 244( ( , he ne- a ii rod s oled l n nmae' E ope l fld a i a i f Stt pos- onviton or ot r c l tr lr viw' i ( ndi ' ' pr ry ie pplc ton or a e tc c i he olae a e e ' s t pe ng.' dg a iai i t opel fld' gor pur es o t lng under j2244( ( ) when is tAnl pplc ton s pr ry ie f pos f oli d)2) t de i r a a ce t nc a e i co pla e w ih t a i bl l w sand r e gove ni flngs ' lve y nd c p a e r n m i nc t he pplca e a ul s r ng ii ,' 2 vencilhad 30 dayst fl anotce ofa l o ie i ppeal Va.Sup.Ct R.5: 4. . . 1 5 whi i l st pr s rbe lf r oft doc e t t tme lm isupon isdei r t cou t ch nc ude he e c i d to m he um n , he i i t t lve y, he r a ofk e i w hi h i m us be l d,a t r qui ie tlng f e. Ar uz v. nnet,531 U . 4, nd t n c t t odge nd he e s t ii e ' t ' Be t S. 8 ( 0 ) Ve cl' s c n sae h be s p t in a p as t h ve c mp id wi t ee 20 0 . n i s e o d tt a a eio p e r o a o le t h s l t h r uie e s a Re ponde doe notc le s h c pla e. eq r m nt , nd s nt s ha l nge uc om i nc Assae ,t e sae c u t u g n sVe cl c aln e b c metn lo J n 2 ,2 0 . ttd h tt o r j d me t n i h le g s e a l a n u e 6 0 9 l A t a of 335 da of t f de al lm ia i ns pe i e a ed be or V e l fl d he s co ot l ys he e r i t to rod l ps f e ncil ie r e nd ha speii wih t Su e Cour ofVigi a on M a 27,201 whih soppe t f r l bea tton t he pr me t r ni y 0, c t d he ede a cl k.The lm ia i pe i r m aned t ld un i t Su e Cour ofVigi a dim is d t oc i ttons rod e i ole tl he pr me t r ni s s e he V e il s pe ii n on J nua y 13, 2011 V e l t had onl 3 da ns l' tt o a r . ncil hen y 0 ys untl Fe a y 1 i bnz r 4, 201l t fl atmey j225 peii Howe r a t r431d ea edbewee J nuay 1 - o ie i l 4 tton. ve, nohe ays lps t n a r 3, 2011 a M a c 1 201 whe V e ilfl d t pr e pe ii n. Ac di y, Ve l fl d , nd r h 9, 2, n nc l ie he es nt tt o 3 cor ngl ncil ie t spe ii n 401 da a t rt e r ton oft o - a pe i oflmia i c ai d i 28 hi tto ys fe he xpiai he ne ye r rod i t tons ont ne n U. C.j2 4 ( )1( . S. 2 4 d ( )A) Alhough V e il has not e es l s ht t be ft of e t bl t lng,t Cour t nc l xpr sy oug he ne i quia e oli he t nonehels c i r whe he s i e ild t i.I or rt be i f o e t bl t lng,xp t e s onsde s t r he s ntte o t n de o neft r m quia e oli Ve ilbe r t bur n ofetbls ngt t( )s purue herrght wih ras bl dii nc , ncl a s he de sa ihi ha 1 he s d i s t e ona e lge e a ( s e ror nay crumsa eprve e he fom tmey flng herha speii nd 2) ome xta di r ic tnc e ntd r r i l ii bea tton. Se Pa ev.Di il 544U. 408,41 ( e c Guclemo, S. 8 2005) Equia et lng i onl war ne i t e . tbl oli s y ra td n hos t a e i t nc w he e - t c r m s a e e er lt t pary' own c d r ns a es r r --due o icu t nc s xt na o he t s onduc - i w oul be t t d 3 As dicuss , Vencils frs comm uni ton wih t Cour abouthabeas r i - herJanua y l s ed l' i t ca i t he t elef r 0, 2 2, tonf re tnson o tme wa c tu da d c n to lyfld a a j225 aci onJ nu r 01 moi o x e i f i - s onsr e n o diinal ie s 4 ton a ay 1 ,201 ,Ca eNo.7:2 001 ,b twa ltrwasdimis d wiho prj die wh n Ve cl fie t 3 2 s 1 CV0 5 u s ae s se t ut e u c e n il ald o s a ehercl m sf r i .Even i Ve l' J r 1 201 s isi had m ade a pr tt ai or elef f ncils anua y 0, 2 ubm s on opersat t ementof he habeascl m s t petton was fl 330 da afert e r ton ofVencilsone- flng perod r ai , hat ii ied ys t he xpia i l' year ii i un rj2 4( ) l( . de 24 d ( )A) 6 u o si n be t e f re t e l tto p ro a ans te p ry a d g o s ij tc wo d nc n co a l o n o c h i ain eid g i t h a t n r s nusie ul mi r s t' Gre v. ohns 51 F.d29 304( hCi. eul.' e n J on, 5 3 0, 4t r 2008) Thebur n . de Upo a r e of t r or t onl pos i e ba i f r a ar e t t V e il i n evi w he ec d, he y sbl s s o ny gum nt ha nc l s en ild t eq tbl t lng i t a lga i t ts wa a s d by t prs n lwye t the tte o uia e oli s he le ton ha he s dvie he io a r ha r tme t fl apei o wa S n y a fo te d t o j d me to t e s c n (tt)h be s i o ie tt n s i e e r r m h ae f u g n n h e o d sae a a i o peii 'Se ECF No.1 ! 1 Thecou tco l s howeve,t te asumi Vencl wa tton. e ' 8, 0. r ncude , r ha ven s ng il s gi n t s ad c i doesnote il he t e t bl t lng.Re i nc on t a ce ofco e ve hi vi e, t ntte r o quia e oli la e he dvi uns l or i t s c e,of t i tt i na a t e a Fl nna Co r tona Ce e f W om e - i not n hi as he ns iuto l tonz y t uva r ec i l nt r or n s a e r or na y cr n xta di r icumsa e e e na t Ve ils own c t nc xt r l o nc l' onduct The Unie St t Supr m e . td ae e Co r n td i La e e v.Flrd t ttato n y mic luain i smpy n ts fiin t u t oe n wrnc o ia ha t jtr e s ac lto s i l o u fce t o g war nteq tbl t lng,pa tc a l i t posco ci n c extwher prs r ha no ra uia e oli ri ulry n he t nvi to ont e ione s ve c tt i lrghtt cot e. 549U. 327,336 ( 7) I t tc s t Ve ilsc el onsiutona i o ms l' ' S. -37 200 . n ha a e,he ncl' ouns wasa nt d a s r s d by t s a e. ppoi e nd upe vi e he t t Buta St e' efo tt a ss prs r i posconviton pr e ngs doe at s f r o s it ione s n t ci oce di s n tma et eS aea c u tbef raprs n rsd ly. P t in r h sno alg d o k h tt c o n a l o io e ' ea ( ei o e l a t l e t e t tt St t pr ve e hi fom hii hi o a t e or fom r pr e i ha he a e e nt d m r rng s wn tom y r e es ntng hi s f I w oul be pe ver e i d i pr vi ng pr s ne s w ih pos co c i n m el . t d r s ndee f o di io r t t nvi to c ouns de i St t oft be k oft AEDPA saut oflmiai . el prved aes he net he t t e i t tons 1 . a 337. But e d t ven w he e unr pr s nt d, ( gno a e of t 1 w i not a ba i f e uia e r e e e e d r nc i he a s s s or q t bl t lng. Unie Sttsv.Sos ,364F.d507,51 ( hCi.2004) oli ' td ae ' a 3 2 4t r . Ve ilofe sno ot rex a ton f he 335 da del i flng he s cond saehab s ncl f r he plna i or r - y ay n ii re tt ea pe ii orf he 431 da dely i flng t spe ii Ce ti y,Ve l hasnots tton, or r - y a n ii hi tton. ra nl ncil hown t ts ha he e r i e r s bl dii enc i pur ui he rght or t t a e r or na y c r s a e xe c s d ea ona e lg e n s ng r i s ha ny xt a di r icum t nc prve e he fom flng atmey saeha speii o atmey j225 peii Thee oe, e ntd r r ii i l tt bea tton r i l 4 tton. rf r t Cour co l he t nc udest ts i no e il t e t bl t lng. ha he s t ntted o quia e oli 11 1. l c l i t Cour G R AN TS t M oto t D i m i s a he e D I I n onc us on, he t he i n o s s nd r by SM SSES t he j225 peii upon fndi t tVe l' cli aepr durly bare fom rviw on t 4 tton i ng ha ncils ams r oce al rd r e e he meis be a e t ar uni l fl unde j2244( ()A) a be us s fis t rt c us hey e tmey ied r d)1( , nd ca e he al o de onsr t a g ound f sa ut y or e t e t lng of t lm iai pe i unde t s m tae ny r or tt or quiabl oli he i t ton rod r hi s c i An a opra eor rwilis t sda e ton. ppr it de l s ue hi y. 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