Gardner v. Oslin et al, No. 7:2012cv00108 - Document 9 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 05/29/2012. (kab)
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' rlm cE '-- ts oFFl v.s. sm Dl AT RoA:oK; vA Fl t! p l n - I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT FO R THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R O A NO K E D I I O N V SI JEFFR EY J SO N G A R DN ER , A MAt 2 2 1 22 JULA #Y; I C, . ' . DEp 1 CL M E cu/:< CA SE N O .7: 2CV 001 1 08 Pl ntf , ai i f M EM O M ND U M O PI O N NI VS. By: Jam e C.Tur s k Seni U ni St esD i ri Judge or ted at st ct M I OS N, AL. KE LI c , , Dee fndants. t) J f r y J s n Ga dne ,a V i gi a i a e pr e ng pr K ,f l d t s c vi rght a to e fe a o r r r ni nm t oce di o ie hi i l i s c i n p ru n t 42 U. C.j 1 8 algn t a p io o fcas d ne hi a p io j b a a f o us a t o S. 9 3 l ig h t rs n fiil e id m rs n o s o d e s r i w or r i vi a i o hi c tt tona rght . Afe r vi w oft r or t co t e v ce ke , n ol ton f s ons iu i l i s tr e e he ec d, he ur sz m a iy di m i s s t a ton. lm r l s s e he c i 1 G a d ra l est f l i s que e ofe nt r e ntt hi cl i s Ga d r a r ne leg he olow ng e nc ve s el va o s a m . r ne , n imaea Ke nM o n anCor cina Ce tr( CC) wa t a o i t ekth n.Hesae n t t e u ti re to l n e KM , n s j b n h ic e tts t t ic e j bso frt h g e t a a dteln eth u so a o a KM CC, l ha kth n o fe he ih s p y n h o g s o r f nyj b t whi e p o ii gimae wihs il ta c udh l t e g ta o i t ef o s r ieid sr a tr r v dn n ts t k l h t o l ep h m e j b n h o d evc n u ty fe s r ease. el G a d ra t c st hi c pl i ta m e or ndum c tng a l pl m e a i n M e o f r ne ta he o s om a n m a ii n m e nt t o m or Vigi aDe rme ofCor cins( r ni pa t nt re to VDOC)Opeai Pr ed e( 8 . whihpr vies r tng oc ur OP) 412, c o d ta ( fe d r wi n t ec n iee f rasnstv j b i wi ntepat1 y a st yha e h t ' fn e s l o b o sd rd o e iie o ,f t h s 0 e r he v o l hi ha gl homii ofe e sxualofe e ki ppi a ton,asa t esa ,e di d any cde fns, e fns , dna ng, bduci s ul, c pe va ng, eudeorpatr off iur t a pe r' Co . tc ( No.13,p.4) OP 8 2lsss l ten al e o p a . mplAta h.ECF ' . 41. it ome j desg tdassnstve, a horz p io a nitao st de m ohe j a sgn n s obs inae e ii but ut ies rs n dmi srtr o e t r ob si me t .' * a s nstvean t t evie on aposton- y- ii ba i ,hec ie i a r src i f s e ii d o t s, r ii b poston ss t rt ra nd e titons or s ii postons a ne ded.' G a dne ad is t the w asc enstve ii s e ' r r m t ha onvi t ofd e c i es' n t c ed l x r m ' i he s W a hi on Count Cic tCour, a g st thei now ei bl unde OP 8 . t hol a s ngt y r ui tbut r ue ha s lgi e r 412 o d snst ej bb c u eh so fn e o c re mo eta tny asa o b t e M ac 1 1 9 a d e ii o e a s i fe s s c u r d r h n e e r g , ewe n rh , 9 9 n v A u t29, gus 2000. 1 OnAu us 2 , 01 , r n rflda a p iainfrakth nj b.W h no h rimae g t 9 2 0 Gad e ie n p lc to o ic e o e t e n ts a ke Mi Osi t f s r iediecor t hieGadne,Osi t dt m,tl q hewrts s d ke ln,he ood e vc r t ,o r r r ln ol he tN' r o ie m or gr e nc t n a e i va es ha nyone ' Com pl 2- Ga dne a s f l d r ques sw ih s ve alo he .' . 3. r r l o ie e t t e r t r of i i l f r a l dm i s r tve J b A s i nm e t . .i o no a l' Co pl 3. G a dne sa e fc a s o n t A ni t a i o sg n , . s t vai. ' m . r r tt s t ti at s wih c ha nm e t onvi tons f hom i i ,s xu of e es a abduc i w or i t kic n c i or c de e al f ns , nd ton k n he t he a t the pos s l s ofa t e tt n t y do. nd ha e es hr a ha he l Augus 2011, r rfl an i or a co ant c am i t tOsi ha de e hi n t Ga dne ied nf m l mpli , l i ng ha ln d nid m aj b i tekth nb c u eo hi g iv n e .Osi swrte r s o eo t ec mplitsae o n h ic e e a s f s re a c s l n' i n e p ns n h o an ttd: t ( O BS I FO OD SERV I ARE A SSI ED I STRI A CCO RD AN CE W I O P 8 2. C J N CE GN N CT TH 41. ' ' ECF N o. p. I hi r gul rgr e nce Ga d r sa e t tO s i s de i i a ns gi ng 2, 3. n s e a i va , r ne t t d ha ln' c s on gai t vi Gad raj vi ae hi duepr e sa e lpr eci rg s 1 a 4.Osi itr iwe rne ob oltd s oc s nd qua ot ton iht. d. t ln ne ve d G a dne a r r bouthi g i va e on Se e be 2,2011 a t d G a dne he di notlke Ga dne ' s r e nc pt m r , nd ol r r d i r rs c r a S ii gre nc sdoe n' ge a nea f s' Co pl 3. I t Leve I ha ges nd k tng i va e wr s t t nyo ny avor . m . n he ' l rs ns W ade Brxt r l Ga d rsgre nc t beu ounde Quoi pa t ofOP e po e, r n a on ued r ne' iva e o nf d. tng rs 841 2 a utofi a s abiiy t r vi e c ie i f s ns tvepostons,t w a de s a e t t , bo tci l ' lt o e s rt ra or e ii ii he r n t t d ha C CC dei st FoodSe vc a as nstveae ,(nlwhih youar i lgi ef C KM fne he r ie s e ii ra i c e nei bl or 1 Cour r dsa l eon Ine f t W as ngt Count Cic tCour i ca et ti t ecor vaiabl i or he hi on y r ui t ndi t ha n Augus 2002,J fey Jas Gar t efr on dnerwasconvi ed ofaggr ed se lba tr and m uli e c sof ct avat xua te y tpl ount se xualpe taton and f ci e s ner i or bl odomy. e o ntduet yourc i i lhit y.'I mpl yme o rm na sor ' d.On a pe l t r gi ldie t u l t p a , he e ona r c or phed he w a de st ndi r n' i ng. Ga dne s Osi t wa de t r ona die t , nd VDOC Die t rHa ol Clr r r ues ln,he r n, he egi l r cor a r c o r d a ke. He a s r st tt de e nt 'a tons de i hi ofduepr e s vi a ed e lpr t to s e t ha he f nda s c i prved m oc s , ol t qua o ec i n p icpls a dc nsiu e rtlain.Asr l f Gad e se sap io j bwi l n h u sa d rn i e , n o t td eaito t ei , r n r e k rs n o t o g o r n e h hi pa a m onea y da a sf de a o e oyme . gh y nd tr m ge or nil f mpl nt 11 The c ti r quied t dim i sa a ton orc a m f l d by a pr s ne ag ns a our s e r o s s ny c i l i ie i o r ai t gove n e alen iy o of i eri t c tde e m i t ac i n o c ai i f i ous m a i i , r m nt tt r fc f he our t r nes he t o r l m s r vol , lc ous orf l t saeacl m onwhi r le ma begr td.28U. C.j1 5A( ( ) l or t ais o tt ai ch eif y ane S. 91 b)1. n der o saeacam i a yfd r l ii a to ,h p an ifsita t a alg to smu t ee o g t tt li n n e e a cv l cin te litf tl cu l le ain s b n u h o l r i e a r g t r le a a s i ht o e i f bove t s c a i l ve , t one t ti l a i e on isf c ' r t he pe ul tve e l' o ' ha s ç us bl pl t a e, a her ' ta meeyt o c i a l . Bel l Co p v. mby, 5 U. 5 4, 7 ( 0 ) h n rl s n ev b e' lAt. r . Two l 5 0 S. 4 5 0 2 07 . c ' A . D ue Pr s oces Ga dne cai t tunde sa el w, ion a hortesa er quiedt pr de i t s r r l ms ha r tt a prs ut ii r e r o ovi nma e wihj bo p ru iis a d fn a t'fi r t p o iehm t ej bf rwhc h i ei il a d t o p o tnte , nd ee d ns al e o r v d i h o o ih e s lgbe n u s t d vi a esdue pr s . Ga d r i m i t ke uie ol t oce s r ne s s a n. W hie t V igi a s a ut G a dne c t s r quie pr s of a st pr de w or l he r ni t t es r r ie e r i on ûci l o ovi k a sgnm en s a o he r ha lt ton pr r m s f i a es t e s a ut s a s gr ntof i i l va t si t nd t r e biia i og a or nm t , hes t t e l o a fc a s s di c e i i m a gi pr s r s c a i cl s i y ng i a esf pa tc pa i i s s r ton n na ng i on e our es nd n a s f i nm t or r i i ton n uch aci tes Se Va.Cod Ann.jj53.- 5 132.,53.- Ofi il mus casiya imae tvii . e e 132, 3.- 1 141. tcas t l sf n n t f w o k a s g ent S c di t ba kg ound,a iude, duca i a r s a ... eds' or r s i nm s t or ng o c r ac ptt e ton, nd i k nd ne , ' w hie al cons derng t he avaiabiiy ofr our and s f ci pr am as gnm ent ' l so i i ç t l lt es ces ufi ent ogr si s,' 3 j53.- 1A)a ( ;a ofii smus prvi i tswihwor o t tesonl tot 132.4 nd B) nd fcal t o de nmae t k pporunii y t he t e entfasbl,'j53.- 1A) Thus c r yt Gadnersa s ri ,hes saut donot xt e i e' 14 ( . , ontar o r ' s e tons t e tt es ce t a ye tte n u e sae1w f rhm t ha a yp riua p io j bo a yj b a al rae n n ilme t nd r tt a o i o ve n a t lr rs n o r n o t l. c W he e i a e c a s fc tons a w o k as i e s a e û a t r ofpr s n r nm t s' l s i i a i nd r s gnm nt r t te s m io a i s r to wihi t di c e i n oft prs n a m i sr t s ' i a esal o ha no dm nit a i n, t n he s r t o he i o d ni ta or ,' nm t s ve c n t uin l p o e tdrg t oj bo p ru iiso t a yp riua j bwhl ic reae . o si t al r tce ih t o p o tnte r o n a t lr o i n ac rtd t o y c e Bul rv.UniedStt Bur a ofPrs ,65F. 48,( hCi. 1 )(i ngnolbet or ge t aes e u ions 3d 5t r 995 fndi i ry p o ryitr s i ha i p io j b (i n S n i v. n e , 1 U. 4 2 4 4( 9 5 . rpet n eet n vng rs n o ) ct g a d n Co n r 5 5 S. 7 , 8 1 9 ) i , M oo v. cae' 429U. 78,88n.9(976); tz rv. deik,569F. 81 81 ( h Ci. dv Da t, t S. 1 ) Alie Pa rc 2d 2, 3 4t r 1 7 ) Co s q e l p io ofiil ma g n r l tnniaea i t fo hij b o r f s 9 8 . n e u nt rs n fcas y e eal e n t n mnae r m s o , r e u e y, y t grnthi apa tc a j f a ras wihoutofe ngf rld pr es prnci es o a m riulr ob, or ny e on t fndi edea ue oc s i pl . Bul r 65 F. a 5 Unde t s prncpl ,Ga d r sf de a duepr es c am sha no ge , 3d t 0. r he e i i es r ne ' e r l oc s l i ve mei a mus bes rt nd t umma iydimisd, s n t j1 5A( () a l alyfi ous rl s se purua t o 91 b) 1, s eg l rvol . B. EqualPr ecton ot i Ga d a s as e t a S l s - - ' eq pr e ton cl i ,a gui t to f c al deni d r ner l o s r s t a s of one ' ual ot c i c a m r ng ha f i i s e hm akth nj bb c u eo h ss xo fn e , ve to g oh rs xo f n eswo ki t e i ic e o e a s f i e fe s s e n h u h t e e fe d r r n h kic n.Tosaeaca sofonecam,Gadne mus ale fcsdemonsrtngt t1 hewas the tt ls - - li r r t lge a t tai ha ) itn in lyte t ddfee tyfo ohessmi ryst tda 2 i o fcasa pl ddfee t ne to al rae ifrn l r m t r i l l i e nd ) f fiil p i ifrn a ua e sa r f kic nj asi nti hi c e,her wasnortonalba i f t difrnc i tndads or the ob sgnme n s as t e ai ss or he fee e n te t nt Se Vil ofW il ookv.Olc 528U. 562,564( rame . e lace lowbr e h, S. 2000)(e r ngsa d rgadi tndar f l ls - - ' li ;M os v.Clr 886F. 686,69 91( h Ci.1 (i ngprs r or ' a sofone'caml c s ak, 2d 0- 4t r 989) fndi ione e qual o e ton cl i r qui e s i t tpl i tf i s m ia l st t a uneq lte t e pr t c i a m e r s how ng ha a n if s i l ry iua ed nd ua r a m nt i notrtonal rlt t algii t govemne a pur e . s ai ly eaed o e tmae r ntl pos ) 4 Gar rdoe notalegef ct sai an e alpr e i cli unde t s prnc pls dne s l a s t tng qu otcton am r he e i i e . Fi s,G a dne hasnots n t the i sm ia l st t d t t ot r i a esw or ng i t rt r r how ha s i l ry iua e o he he nm t ki n he kic n. Ga dne doe no a l ge t ta o t s wor r ha be n co c e oft s m e t he r r s t le ha ny f he e ke s s e nvi t d he a o f ns s a Gar ne ort tt y ha sm ia s nt nc s orc i i lhi t i . Se nd, i on f e e s d r ha he ve i l r e e e rm na s ores co pr s o fcasce ryha elgtmaes c rt itrs i r srcigk the j b t i mae c nvce fiil lal v e ii t e u i n ee tn e tit ic n o s o n ts o itd y n ofl ss ve e c i esor s nt nce ,gi n t f c t ts h i a e w o k i c os pr m iy t es e r rm e e s ve he a t ha uc nm t s r n l e oxi t o ot ri a e a s a f a ha a ce st f ie st be s r d t o he i a e a s a f he nm t s nd t f nd ve c s o ood t m o e ve o t r nm t s nd t f . Th c u t imis sGad e ' e u l r tcincam wih u p eudc , u s a to jl 1 A,o e o r d s se r n rs q a p oe to li t o t rj ie p ru n t 9 5 f r f l et sae acain. aiur o t t l r C. R e a i ton t la i TOs c donaj 1 cli t tprs n ofi asrtlae agans hi ani t mus uc ee 983 am ha io fcil eaitd i t m, nmae t ale f c ss lge a t howi t thi e r ieofac tt i lrg wa as t nta f corm o i tng ng ha s xe cs onsiutona i ht s ubsa i l a t tva i t rtlaor a ton.Se Ada v. c 40F. 7 75( hCi.1 *Ameia Ci l he eait y ci e ms Rie, 3d 2, 4t r 994) , rc n vi Li risUnin v.W i c Cot v,999F. 78 785( hCi.1 ( tngM tHe t Civ be te o comio mt 2d 0, 4t r 993) cii . alhv t Sc DititBoa dofEduc tonv. l,429U. 274,287( 977) Hemus p e e tmor hool src r ai Doye S. 1 . t rsn e t c l or a l gato ofr t la i n. A da s 40 F. a 74. han onc us y le i ns e a i to m , 3d t G a d rf ist s a e f t on whi h he c d pr r t la i n. I i cl a t tpr s z ne a l o t t ac s c oul ove e a i to t s e r ha i on o tcasd n e hm akth nj bb c us h sc n it n f rsx o fn e we ei o e ls fi il e id i ic e o e a e i o v ci s o e fe s s r mp sd e s o t ntny a sa o Th tfc ao eds u l isGad e f rc ranj ba sg n sa KMCC. ha e e r g . a a t ln iq ai e r n r o e ti o s imne t t f M o e r Ga d rwa note r ii a c tt ina rghtm e ey by flng gre r ove , r ne s xe c sng onsiuto l i rl ii ivanc s be a e e , c us i a esha no cons iutonalrghtt a prs g i va e pr dur A da s 40 F. a 75. nm t ve tt i i o i on r e nc oce e. m , 3d t Gadne saesnof t s si t tofi asfie t gi hi akic nj bec us Ga dne r r tt acs uggetng ha fcil ald o ve m the ob a e r r co pl i d t of i a s a m a ne o fci l bouta pa tc a i s i a gre nc The c tdi m i s G a d ' ny ri ul r s ue n i va e. our s s es r ner s rtlain cam wiho prj c purua t j1 5 frfiur t saeacai eaito li t ut eudie, s nt o 91 A, o al e o tt l m. l1 I Fo t ra o sae t c u t imissGad e ' c mplit t o t rj dc , r he e s ns ttd,he o r d s se r n rs o an wih u p eu ie ptrua tt j1915 b)1,f f l et saeacai . ls n o A( ( ) or aiur o tt l m The Cl r i diec ed t s nd c esoft sm e or ndum o ni and a c pa ng e k s r t o e opi hi m a pi on c om nyi or rt pl i if de o antf. 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