Spooltech, LLC v. UPS Ground Freight, Inc. et al, No. 7:2012cv00104 - Document 26 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 7/23/2012. (ssm)
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I TH E U N I N TED STATES DI STRI COU RT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A ROAN OK E DI I ON V SI SO LE HLC P OTC ,L, CLERK' OFFI U-S Dt .COURT S CE sT AT ROANOKE. VA FIED L J 23 2 1 UL 02 JUL BY: . ' , puw cu Pl ntf ai i f Ci lA cton N o.7: 2- 001 vi i 1 cv- 04 UPS GRO UN D FREI T, N C. GH I , M EM O M N DU M O PI IO N N FREI GHTQUOTE. , COM a nd VO RTECH AU TOM A TED TECHN OLOG I LLC, ES, DBA VO RTECH RO U TER S, By: H o Gl n E.Conr n. e ad Chi fU . Di t i tJ e S. s rc udge Dee ns f nda t . Thi c s i ve c ai sby a V igi a c pa a i tt e o he c pa e s a e nvol s l m r ni om ny ga ns hr e t r om ni s sem m i f om t f ie de i r ofa r e . Fort r as s f t bel ,t c tw il t ng r he a l d lve y out r he e ons et orh ow he our l gr ntt s l r sm oton t qua h s r c ofpr es . a he ele ' i o s e vi e oc s 1. Backeround S o le h LLC ( po l c o plitf i aVignaLi tdLib l yCo a y. p otc , S ot h r an ig,s r ii mie a ii mp n e t ( ke No.1- a ! 1) Thede e t i t sca eaeUPSGr Fri ,I ( , Doc t 2t . f ndmzs n hi s r ound eght nc.UPS) Friht t co ( eght e , Vorec AutmaedTe hnol is LLC db/ Vorec eg quoe. m Fr i quot) and t h o t c oge , /a th Ro es( t h) UPSi aVigi aLi tdLi lt Cor ai (d. t!2. Friht ei utr Vorec . s r ni mie abiiy porton. I a ) eg quot s aDelwaeCor ai (d. t!3. Vore h i aNe Hamps r Li tdLibiiyCompa a r porton. l a ) tc s w hie mie a lt ny. (d. t!4. 1 a ) Som e i e i t f r tha fof201 a or ng t t com pl nt Spoole h a r nge f t tm n he i s l 0, cc di o he ai , t c r a d or he pur has ofa r e f om V or e h,whi h w a t be s p d t V igi a by Fr i ht t a c e out r r tc c so hi pe o r ni e g quo e nd p ( (-.a !5. Prort s pme ,Spoolec pad$1 750. t Vo tc (hecos oft J t ) i o hi nt 4 t h i 8, 00 o re h t t he r e )a $832. t Frihtuoef s ppi (# .t!6. Ther erarve i Vigi aon outr nd 49 o eg q t or hi ng. J=a ) out ri d n r ni M a 7,201 how e r upon i pe ton oft r t r Spoole h de e m i t tt r e w as y 0; ve , ns c i he ou e , t c t r ned ha he out r desr ed.(I. t!7. Ac or ngy,Spoole hrf s dt a e t s pme a ha t r e toy LJ a ) c di l z tc e u e o cc pt he hi nt nd d he outr plc dbac ont ta t talrt bertnwdt Vorec (d. !8. a e k he rcor rie o eu o t h. 1 atT ) Spoole i ta e t s c vi a ton on De m be 21, 1 i t Ci c tCo tf t t ch nii t d hi i l c i ce r 201 , n he r ui ur or he Ciy ofSal m , i gi a. Spoole h a nc t o c us sofa to i t c pl i . Fi s , t e V r ni t c dva es w a e c i n n he om a nt r t Spoolec brngs a s a e l br c ofc r c cl i a i tV o t ch,a s ri t tV orec t h i t t aw ea h ont a t a m ga ns r e s e tng ha t h br c d iscon r c w ih Spoole h by f lng t pr de Spoole h w ih a r e a ea he t ta t t tc aii o ovi t c t out r s cone aedbyt a ee n .(#za ! 11) Se nd,Spoolec brngsa t rsae1w bra h tmplt he gr me t J .t . co t h i nohe tt a e c ofc r tcl i a ns U PS a Fr i ht t ,a ni t t e t o de enda s f ie t ontac a m gai t nd e g quo e ve ng hat hes w f nt a l d o pr de s f t a por oft r e ,c us ng de tuc i n o t e pm e and da age t ovi a e r ns t he out r a i s r to f he qui nt m o Spoolec (êsa ! 1 ) Spoole s ksdn gesi t a tof$74, 00. t h. L t 5. tch ee ma n he moun 000. On Fe ua y 1 201 Vor e h tl d i s a e c ta m o i t q s s r c o pr s , br r 0, 2, t c i e n t t our ton o ua h e vi e f oce s as e tng t tSpoole h' prva e pr s s r e f ie t l ve t s m onsw ih V ore h' s ri ha t c s i t oce s e v r a l d o ea he um t tc s r s e e a nt buti t a l f t s m onsw ih t r c ptoni tofa tte c pa i t egit r d ge , ns e d, e t he um t he e e i s il om ny n he pr esi lofiebuidi wheet ofi sofVore h' rgitr da ta el ae ( ke of sona fc l ng r he tce tc s e se e gen r oc td. Doc t No.14. -) On M a c 2, 2, PS r m ove t a ton t t s c t as e tng t tSpoole s r h 201 U e d he c i o hi our , s r i ha t ch' c pl i a l s a c us ofa ton a i tbo h UPS a Fr i ht t t ti gove ne om a nt lege a e c i ga ns t nd e g quo e ha s r d e usve y by f de all xcl i l e r aw- na e y, he Ca m ac Am e e t t I e s a e Com m e c A c m l t r k ndm nt o he nt r t t re t ( r c Ame me ) 49U. C.j1 Cama k nd nt, S. 4706.Alho hSpoole alge adifr n c us of t ug tch le d fe e t a e a tona i tVorec ( smpl sae1w brac ofc ta tcam) UPS a sre t trmoval ci gans t h a i e tt a e h onrc li , se td ha e wa p o e p ru n t 2 U. C. 1 41c( )whc p o i e t a acv l cinma b s r p r u s a t o 8 S. j 4 ()1, ih r v d s h t ii a to y e r m ove t f r lc ti t a ton i l e d o ede a our f he c i nc udesa c a m a i i unde f der ll w a a her l i rs ng r e a a nd not cai notwihi t orgi lors e ntlurs ci ofafderlc t it acinwoul lm t n he i na upplme a j iditon e a our,f he to d bermova ewiho t i l in oft lte cam.28U. C.j1 ( ( ) e bl t ut he ncuso he atr li S. 441c)1. The e f e ,on J y 3,201 Vor e h fl d a bre i s r a tr ul 2, t c ie i f n uppor of is m oton t quas s r c t t i o h e vi e ofpr ce s ( ke No.1 ) Ont ts meda t c tc o s . Doc t 4. ha a y,he our onduce atlphoneco e e ewih td ee nfr nc t t pa te a i s a or r die tng Spoole h t r pond t V orec s m oton t qua h a he ri s nd s ued n de r c i t c o es o t h' i o s nd ac or ngVorec a tonaltmei whiht rpl ( ke No.1 ) Subsque l Spoole c di t h ddii i n c o e y. Doc t 6. e nty, tch tl isbre i oppostont t moton.( ke No.18. Vo tc t ntldisrpl bre . ied t if n ii o he i Doc t ) re h he ie t e y if ( ke No. ) Ac r ngt t pates bres J da Ulr apr s s r er lf ac of Doc t 20. codi o he ri ' if, or n ey, oce s e v ,e t opy t s he ummonsa c an onJ nuay23,201 wihSuza neDe ux( ve , r e i s nd omplit a r 2 t n ve De ux)a ec ptonit att N e Ha ps r pr es i lofi e buidi i w hi h t of i sofJ Le r he w m hie of sona tc l ng n c he fce ohn ona d Swe ne ll( ne , tc srgitr a ntael ae ( ke No.1 1) Vore h e y,l Swee y) Vore h' e seed ge , r oc td. Doc t 8- . tc as e t t tD e ux w a nota horz t a ce s r i e ofpr s on be l ofV orec a s r s ha ve s ut i ed o c pt e v c oce s ha f t h nd f t ra s r st tSw e ne di not a s ilhasnot r ce ve pr ce s i t sc e Thus ur he s e t ha e y d , nd tl , e i d o s n hi as . , V ore c e ,Spoolec s a t m pt d s c ofpr es wasi uf i i nta a m a t r ofl w . t ch ont nds t h' te e eni e oc s ns f c e s te a Spoolec doe no ne s a iy cont tV o t c s a s ri ,b i t d,a guest tV ore h t h s t ce s rl es r e h' s e tons ut nsea r ha tc uli a e y r ei d pr es , e de e by t f c t tVor e h uli a el s c ed l a tm t l ec ve oc s as vi nc d he a t ha t c tm t y e ur oc l co e a fl t i t ntm o i t quas A c or ngl Spoolec a gues t f c t tis uns l nd ied he ns a ton o h. c di y, t h r , he a t ha t a t m pt d s r i e ofpr es m i htno ha t c c ly c m ple wih t r qui e e soft te e e v c oc s g t ve e hni a l o i d t he e r m nt he l w i c e by V orec s tm e y r e ptofpr e s a s ur d t h' i l ec i oc s . The m aterhavi been f l br ef and t pari havi r t ng uly i ed he tes ng eques ed t t courtr e t hat he ul on t m oton based on t brefs t m ateri now rpe f di posii he i he i , he t s i or s ton. II . Di scuss on i V ore h' m o i t qua h tl i s a e cou ti consr a a m oton t dim i s f t c s ton o s i ed n t t r s tued s i o s s or i ufiints vieofpr es unde Rul 1 b)5)oft Fe rlRulsofCi lPr ed e.(n ns fce er c oc s r e 2( ( he dea e vi oc ur d l rs vi amoi unde Rul 1 b)5)t pa t ma ngt sr c hast bur nof e ol ng ton r e 2( ( ,he ry ki he evie he de d mo srtn i v ldt wh n a o jcint s r iei ma e' Untd Sae v. e Ba De . e n taig t aii e n be to o evc s d . ie tt s S a v v s y ' Coo.Ci lAci No. 06c , vi ton 2: v624,2007W L 1 378544,a * ( D.Va.May8,2007) t 2 E. . Assae a ,Vore h i aNe Ha hielmie labiiyc ttd bove tc s w mps r i td i lt ompa Rul 4( oft ny. e h) he Fe r lRul ofCi lPr ed e pr vi st ta dom e tc orf e gn c por ton,pa t r hi or de a es vi oc ur o de ha si or i or a i r ne s p, oh ru ic r o ae a s cainmu tb s l di aj dca dsrc o teUn td Sae ete t e nn o p rtd so ito s e ewe n u iil itit f h ie tts i r h CA)i t mame prs rbedbyRul 4()l f s r nga i vi l or( bydei rnga ( n he l r e ci ( e e () or evi n ndi dua' B) , lvei co oft s m ons a oft c pl ntt a ofi e ,a m ana ng or g r la nt o a py he um nd he om ai o n fc r gi ene a ge , r ny ot ra nta horze by a he ge ut i d ppoi t e orb 1 w t r c i s r c ofpr e s ' Fe R.Ci P. n m nt y a o e e ve e vi e oc s .' d. v. 4( ( ) I i undiput t tSpoole sdei r ofpoce st De ux ( r e i s a a h)1 . t s s ed ha tch' lvey r s o ve a ec ptonit t pr esi lofi ebuidi nota horze t a e s r i ofpr e so be l ofVorec of sona tc l ng ut i d o cc pt e vce oc s n haf t h) f i dt c mpywi p r ( o Rul 4 h ( ) al o o l t at B) f e ( )1. e h Pa tA)ofRul 4( ()c os-eee e Rul 4()1, c pr dest ta i viual r( e h) 1 r srfrnc s e e( )whih ovi ha n ndi d m a be s v d w ih pr s by tf l i s a e l w f r s r ng a s m ons i a a ton br ug y er e t oce s tolow ng t t a o e vi um n n ci o ht i c u t o g n rl u idcini t esaewh r ted src c u tslc tdo wh r s r iei n o rs f e e a j rs ito n h tt e e h itit o r i o ae r ee ev c s ma .'Fe R.Ci P.4()1 .I i undiput t tSpoole sdelver ofpr e st De de' d. v. e( ) t s s ed ha tch' i y oc s o veux f ie t co pl w ih t V igi a Code s di g r ng s r i ofpr es on f e g a l d o m y t he r ni e ons ove ni e v ee oc s or i n c por tons 1 H ow e r Spoole h ar uest ts r i e on D e ux w asnone he e spr r or a i . ve , tc g ha e v c ve t l s ope purua t Va Codej8. - whihpr dest tt oc s whihhasrac dt pes t s nt o . 01288, c ovi ha d e s c pr e he he ron o w hom i i die e w ihi t tm e pr s rbe by l w , fa s lbe s f c e a t t s r ct d t n he i e ci d a i ny, hal uf i i nt lhough not s r dora ce eda pr de i t sc ptr' Va Co Ann.j8. - ( et201 .l eve c pt s ovi d n hi ha e.' . de 01288 W s 2) n supportoft s ar ent Spoolech ass st pr s obvi l reached V ort becaus hi gum , t ert hat oces ousy ech e v o t c e age l lc r e h ng d oca ouns a t l d t i t n m oton t qua h wihi s ve e da o t el nd i e he ns a t i o s t n e nt en ys f he t l edl t fci s vie. ( d eg y dee tve' er c ' Docke No.1 a 2. al ' t 8t ) A fe co i rng t f ct oft s c s ,t c r b i s t ts r c ofpr e son t r nsde i he a s hi a e he ou t eleve ha e vi e oc s V o t c w a i ufi i tunde t a i a e l w . A ss a ed a r e h s ns f c en r he pplc bl a t t bove, ti undi put t t i s s ed ha Spo t c f l t c pl w ih t pl i r r m e t off der la s a e l w f pr rs r c ole h aied o om y t he a n equie n s e a nd t t a or ope e vi e 1 Vigni Cod j8 013 1p o i s r i a e . - 0 r vde ' . Suj c t j 80128 1 srieo po e so afrin c r oain ma b efce i be t o . - 6., evc f r c s n oeg o p rt o y e fe td n t f l ngm a : he olowi nner 1 By pe s s r c on any ofk e ,die ororont r git e a ntofa f egn c porton . ronal e vie t r r ct he e serd ge or i or ai whi i a horze t do busne si t Co m o alh,a bypes ch s ut i d o i s n he m nwe t nd ronals r c on a a ntof e vie ny ge a f egn c po a i ta aci busnes i t Comm onwe t wihout s or i or r ton rns tng i s n he alh t uch a horz i ut iaton, wheeve a s h ofk e , r cor orage sbef r r ny uc t r die t , nt oundwihi te Com m o alh; tn h nwe t 2.Bys btttdsr ieo afrinc ro aini a c ra c wi j l .- 6 a d1 19 8 i u si e evc n oeg op rto n c od n e t j 317 6 n 3.-2 ,f u h s cor ai i a horze t ta ac busne sora fisw ihi t Com m o alh' uch por ton s ut i d o rns t i s far t n he nwe t , 3. By s b ttt d s r ie o a f r in c r o a in i a c r a c wi j 801 3 wh r u si e ev c n o eg o p r t n c o d n e t u o h . -29 e e jrs ito i a t rzd u d rj8013 8l rg rls o wh te s c fr in c r oain i u idcin s uhoie n e . - 2 ., e ade s f eh r u h o eg o p rto s aut rz d t tans c busne sw ihi t Com m on t or ho ie o r a t i s t n he wealh; 4.Byo d ro p biaini a c r a c wi j 80131 a d80131 wheej rs cini rm r e f u lcto n c od n e t j . - 6 n . - 7 r uidito n e h orq ii r m i a horze r ga dls ofwhehe t f ein co por i s s ved i a horz uas n e s ut i d, e r e s t r he or g r aton o er s ut ied t ta a bus ne sw ihi t Com monw e lh. o r ns ct i s t n he at Va Co eAn . 8. -01( s 2 2 . . d n j 013 Wet 01 ) Thepli ifa s r si t co pl ntt tVore i nota horze t c a ntf s e t n he m ai ha t ch s ut i d o onduc busne si Vigi a. t i s n r ni ( c e No. - a !4. Fu te mo e i i u dip tdt a s r iewa n t te t di Vigni.Ass c , a' 1 Do k t 12 t ) rh r r ,t s n s u e h t e vc s o a tmp e n r i a u h p ls t a d2 o Va Co ej 8013 1a ei a pl a l t d tnn nn wh t e p o e swa p o e l s r e o Vo tc . n f . d . - 0 r n p i be o ee i ig e h r r c s s r p ry ev d n re h c Furhe mor ,bec us t pli ifdoe notcam t ts viewa ate edbypublcai pa44 i lke ie t r e a e he antf s li ha er c s t mpt i ton, l s i w s i pplca e. The e or pur ua t pa t3,t pr rm e nst e f c s vi on Vorec woul ha bee t s r na i bl r f e, s nt o r he ope a o f e t er ce t h d ve n o e ve t eSe r tr o teCo n at p r u n t Va Co ej8013 9.Ag i , t su d s u e ta t i d dn t c u h c ea y f h mmo we 1 u s a t o . d . - 2 h an i i n ip td h t h s i o o c r i t i t ntca e. n he ns a s ofpr e so Vorec Alho h Spoolec s e t r yonVa Codej8. - t c eis oc s n t h. t ug t h e ks o el . 01288 o ur t i ufi i nts r ce t r esgove ni s r i e ofpr e sda e t r t be f l ns tc e e vi , he ul r ng e v c oc s s r he e o olowed,a pl i nd a n r quie e sf t m e nsofef e tng s vi e ofpr e sm a notbe i e ' Ar co.I .v. e r m nt or he a f c i er c oc s y gnor d. m ' nc Pe od- a frBl Syssl , F.d 1 7,1 ( hCi.1 .seas e. , td nr stufe dc. . nc.733 2 08 089 4t r 984) e lo. g.Unie , Sttsv. olen ue LabssI .267F. 260,262( h Ci.1 (k- lberlco tu ton ae M l ha r . nc, 2d 7t r 959) tl i a nsr ci -he r e w hi h t gove nm e s kst i ul c he r nt ee o nvoke c nnotbe utlz d asa s tt e f rt pl n l al a ii e ubs iut o he ai eg rquie n ast t ma ri whihs wieofpr es ma beha ';W ila v.GEI e rme t o he nne n c el c oc s y d.) lims ' CO Com.79 F.Supp. 58,66( D. 2011 ( o l ngt tsr c o pr e so ac ny' , 2 2d D. C. ) c ncudi ha e vie f oc s n ompa s e utve s c e a y w asi ufi i ntt s t s y t r quiem e sofdue pr e s a Fede a Rul xec i e r t r ns t c e o a i f he e r nt oc s nd rl e ofCi lPr e e4( ,be a et s ceaywasnota horz t rcevepr e son b hafof vi oc dur h) c us he e rtr ut ied o e i oc s e l t co nyl Robi onv. ner 886F.Supp.1 ,1 ( D.l 1 ( tr ni t t he mpa ; ns Tur , 451 458 S. nd. 995) deemi ng ha an l a c i s a ut di no ope a e t r m e a pl i if s i f ec i s r ce ofpr e s ndi na ur ng t t e d t r t o e dy a ntf ne f tve e vi oc s eve whe i w a c ea ,bas on i e r t y r pons s t tt de e nt e ua l r c ve n n t s l r ed nt r oga or es e , ha he f nda s vent ly e ei d noieoft lws t;62B Am . ur 2dPr es j 1 ( )(i nealy,c t hol t t. . tc he a ui) J . oc s 39 2008 s r l ours d ha . Ge t saue a r esr ai t sr c ofpr es mus besrcl c tu d....g l mer he ttts nd ul eltng o evie oc s t tity onsr e ' he e r f c t a def nda r e ve ac ua no i e i nots tci nti t r ha no be c pla e w ih a t hat e nt ec i d t l tc s ufi e f he e s t en om i nc t t pl nrquie nt oft r e.) Theco tas noe t t a e de dbyt tteca i he ai e rme s he u1 ' . ' ur lo ts ha, s vi nce he il pton on t f c oft c pl i t Spoolec kne t tSw e ney w a V orec s a hor z d a nt he a e he om a n , t h w ha e s t h' ut i e ge whom iwasrquiedt sn' wihpr e s Do tNo.l2at2. Furher e,n ga i t e r o e e t oc s .( cke ) t mor i rntng Voe h smo int q a h,hec u t o e t a a yp eudc t S o le h i mi ma, t c ' to o u s t o r n ts h t n rj ie o p otc s ni l c i rng t tt s a ut oflm ia i underV igi a l w i t ee ye r f ac i nsba e on onsde i ha he t t e i t tons r ni a s hr a s or to sd an or cont actand fve year f ac i based on a m iten contact Va. al r i s or t ons t r . CodeAnn.j8. 01 246. 11 1. Concl on usi Fort r a onspr s nt a he e s e e ed bove t c ur w ilgr ntV or e h' m oton t quas s r c , he o t l a tc s i o h e vi e ofpr ocess. The Cl r i die t d t s nd c rii d c esoft sm em or ndum opi o a t e k s r c e o e e tt e opi hi a ni n nd he a om pa ng or rt a lc cc nyi de o 1 ouns lofr or e ec d, ENTER:Thi 73' d yo J l , 1 s a f u y 20 2. Chi fU nie St t s Di t i tJ e e t d a e s rc udg