Howard v. Statzer et al, No. 7:2012cv00079 - Document 19 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 06/12/2012. (kab)
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r FRK' OFFI U. DI CoUr ; : CE S. SX AT ROANOKE, VA f lit? ' '. . ' I TH E U NI N TED STA TES DI STR I T C O U R T C FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STR I O F VI G I I CT R N A ROANOKE DI SI VI ON R O B ER T PH A RO AH H O W A R D , J UN 2 2 1 92 JULI A BY: D k ?ërCL . ' ERK U CLERK CA SE N O .7: 2C V00079 1 Pl ntif ai f , M EM O R AN D UM O PI I N N O V S. J.STATZER,c AL. , By:Gln E.Conr e ad C hi fU nied St e D i t i tJudge e t at s s r c Dee fndants. t) Pr K pl n if Robe t r h Howa d, ie t scvi rg sa ton ptr ua t 42 o aitf, r Pha oa r fld hi i l i ht c i ls nt o U. C.j 1 algi t tofiil a Re Oni Stt Prs vi aedhi c tt i lrght S. 983, le ng ha fcas t d on ae ion olt s onsiutona i s by de ng hi e ge m e c te ment usng e s i f cea ns hi a i ere i nyi m mer ncy dial r at , i xce sve or gai t m, nd nt f rng wih hi a lt t pr c i hi r i ousdi a ybele s De e nt havewave s r i e, t s biiy o a tce s elgi etr i f . f nda s i d e v c but ha notyetr pondedt t c ve es o he ompli t Howa d i no confne a W al nsRi St t Prs n an . r s w i d t le dge ae i o a dh smo df re ty o atmp rr r srii go d ro p r n n ijmcin dr cig n a ve o nr f e o ay etan n r e r ema e t n t to , ie tn prs ofk i l nott t a f hi ba k t R e Oni Upon r vi w oft r or t c t i on t a s o r ns er m c o d on. e e he ec d, he our d n e Ho r ' mo inf ritro uo yijmcier l f e is wa d s to o nel c tr nt tv ei . e Howa d f a st ti hewe eta f redba k t Red Oni ofk i st r wo d brng r e r ha f r r nse r c o on, f al he e ul i f l e di c plnar cha ges a i tHow a d t r t i e aga ns hi f f lng t s l s ta a as s i i y r ga ns r o e alat i t m or ii hi aw ui nd pr vi lws t Ass e ous a ui. uppo tf t sas e ton ofpot ta r t la i Howa d r f st hi r or hi s ri en i l e a iton, r e er o s unde l ngcl m i t sa to t tRe Oni ofk il f l iid r c dsr a e t hi r lgi ryi ai n hi c i n ha d on t a s a sfe e or elt d o s ei ous dit c usng hi t ber m ove fom t di t e, a i m o e d r hat e . Asapr i nay ij tontmporrl a fr a e r di r r medyprort tilt elmi r nunci e a iy fods n xtaor nay e i o ra,he pat s e i gt ep ei n r ijmcin mu t e n taet a: 1 t i lk l t s c e o ry e k n h r lmi ay nt to s d mo srt h t ( ) t s iey o uc e d n he t meis'( G i lkeyt s frirpa a eha m i t a e eofpr lmi rle , () he rt, 2) t s i l o ufe re r bl r n he bsnc ' he ei nmy eif' 3 ' ûhebaa c o e ute tp i h sfv r'a d( )ç n ij ncin i i t p bi itr s. Se t ln e f q iis is n i a o , n 4 l nu to s n he u lc n ee t' e t ' a ' W i trv. tla Re olc sDee eCo n i.nc, 5 U. 7 1 S. . 6 , 7 ( 0 ) A ne Nat l s t e fns u cl I .5 5 S. , 29 Ct 3 5 3 4 2 08 . r r s i ofa ts r ng pos i lt ' hn i i uf i i nt be aus t s a r r r a s how ng tt o s biiy' of nn s ns f c e , c e he t nda d equies howi ng t thar i çlkel ' l Ea h oft ef f t smus be s tsi be or i eroc or ha m s ti y.' d. c hes our acor t a ifed f e nt l ut y tt ijmci rle i war ne l RealTrzh A boutO bam a. I c v. nt tve eif s ra td. n . FEC, 7 F.d3 , 4 ( t 5 5 3 42 3 7 4h Ci.2009) va t bv.rma d bv-c r.aantd,1 S.Ct 2371( 0) rafime i pa t r , caed e nde e t r e 30 . 201 , e fr d n r. rma dbv, F. 355( hCi. 0) e nde 607 3d 4t r 201 . H ow a d' m oton f is on t fr ta s c f t st de W i e . Fis , ow a d r s i al he i s nd e ond ac or m r nt r r t H r cn nnotde ons r t a lkelhood ofs e s o t m e isofhi t a f rcl i . l a eshave m ta e ny i i ucc s n he rt s r ns e a m nm t nopr t c e lbe t i er s i bengc i d i a pa iul rt ofprs e n whe o e t d i ry nt e t n i onfne n ny rtc a ype ion, ve n c tons i one pr s n a e m o e r ti tve orha s t n c tons i o he pr s . M e hum ondii n io r r esr c i r h ha ondii n t r i ons ac v.Fano,427U. 215, ( 976) Olm v.W a ne ,461U. 238,247- (983 .Be us S. 224 1 ; i ki kona S. 48 1 ) ca e How a d ha no c tt i lr g nott be t a f r d bac t Red Oni he ca r s ons iutona i ht o r ns er e ko on, nnots how lke i i lhood ofs c son a t ryi c ai r r ng t a f r Se ond,How a d f ist uc es n mde l ng l m ega di r ns e . c r al o de onsr t t twihouti e l ut y r lef he i lkey t s f rir pa a eha m . Howa d m ta e ha t nt roc or e i , s i l o ufe re r bl r r sa esno f c s s es i t the i lke y t be ta f r e t Red Oni i t ne r f lr tt a t ugg tng ha si l o r ns e r d o on n he a utze. M o e v r Ho r sa srin ta h wo l b s b e t ortlai nb Re On o o t il i ro e , wad' se t s h t e ud e u j c t eaito y d in f as s o k m e e s cul ton. Thus H ow a d f l t dem ons r t t the i lke y t s f ri r pa a e ha m r pe a i , r ais o t a e ha s i l o uf e r e r bl r i t a e e oft r que t r le .Fort sa e r s ns t c tc udest tHowa d' n he bs nc he e sed ei f he tt d ea o , he our oncl ha r s motonf i el ut yij tver i t prve hi ta frmus bede ed.An a oprae i or ntroc or n unci elef o e nt s rnse t ni ppr it or rw ili s t sday. de l s ue hi 1 Tempor y r t i i g or sar i s onl r el , when t movantpr ar esran n der e s ued y ar y he ovest the wils f ha l ufer ij r i r ifi n tg a tdbe o et ea ves pa t c l b n iida d h v op ru t t r s nd. n u y f ele s o r ne f r h d r e ry oud e otfe n a e po tni o e po y S eF d R. v P. 5 S c a od r udo l ls u t s c t a ah aigo ap ei n y e e . Ci. 6 . u h n re wo l ny at ni u h i s e rn n rl a l me mi ij ncin c ul b ar ng d.Asi i ce rfo t o te t tHo r i no e ildt apr lml r n u to o d e ra e t s la r m he u st ha wa d s t ntte o ei nay ij ncin, h c u t idsn b ssu nwhiht g a hm atmp ayr sr i n or e . n u to t e o r fn o a i po c o rnt i e orr e tanig d r 2 TheClr i die t d t s ndcopi oft sm e andum opi on a a compa ng ek s r ce o e es hi mor ni nd c nyi or rt pl i if de o a ntf . ENTER: Thi IR& da ofJ s t y une, 2. 201 Chi fU nie St t s D it i tJ e t d a e s rc udge