-RSB Donohue v. Commonwealth Of Virginia, No. 7:2012cv00073 - Document 7 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 4/30/12. (tvt)
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CL ERKSOF I US. S . FCE DITCOUW AT ROANOKE. VA F$ fq ::l $ AP 32 2 1 i 52 I TH E U N I D STAT ES D I N TE STR I C O U R T CT FO R TH E W E STER N D I STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A ROANOKE DI I ON V SI JO H N PA TRI K D O N O H U E, C J A C -t , ULI 'i u BY; D t'Y CL J r CA SE N O .7: 2C V 00073 1 Pe i i r t tone , M EM O M N D U M O PI I N N O V S. C O M M O NW E ALTH O F V I G I I , R N A By: G l n E.C onr e ad Chi f Unied St e D i t i tJudge e t at s s r c R espondent . J Pa r c D onohue, Vi gi a i a e pr e ng pr K ,fl t spe ii f a wr t ohn ti k a r ni nm t oce di o ied hi tton or i . ofha sc pus purua t 28U. C.j2 4.Donohuec le t vai t ofhi bea or , s nt o S. 25 halnges he ldiy s co i m e underhi sa ec tc c i nsr l t t c l por a nfne nt s t t our onvito e aed o hid nogr phy. Upo r vi oft n e ew he r or t c ts m a iy di m i s t pe ii n a l tm e y f l d. ec d, he our um r l s s es he tto s m i l ie I Oc obe 2006,Donohuepl de guit i Cn pbel Count Cic tCour t elven n t r ea d ly n m l y r ui to e c sofditi i ofc l por a a 26 c mt ofpos es i ofc l por a ount srbuton hid nogr phy nd ot s s son hid nogr phy. The Cour s nt nc Donohuet at alofs ve e n a a hafyea si prs f rt e t e e ed o ot e nt e nd l r n ion o hes c onvi tons Donohue a al d uns e s uly t t Cour ofA ppea sofV igi a and t t ci . ppe e ucc s f l o he t l r ni hen o t Su e e Cou tofV igi a, whih r f e hi a he pr m r r ni l c e us d s ppea on J 21, l une 2007. 1 1 hi s isi , Donohue pr destlng and decii dat f t s a ecour appeal and n s ubm s ons ovi ii son es or he t t t s habeascor pettons,buthi da esdif slghty fom t daesgi f t e event on t Vigi a pus ii s t f er i l r he t ven or hes s he r ni CoursCas I or i webst whi i publcaly acces i e. Fort s ofhit i accur y,t t e nf maton ie, ch s i l sbl he ake sorcal ac he cour hasr i on t i or aton pr ded by t webst M or r t s ae cours'r cor dat ar t eled he nf m i ovi he ie. eove , he t t t e d es e m or f vor et Donohue i t tm elnes calul i t t dat hepr des. e a abl o n he i i s c aton han he es ovi A f d r lc t yt k j diiln ieo f cu li or to lc td i po tngso e e a our ma a e u ca otc f a t a nf main o ae n si n gover e alwebst i t Unied St es. Seel Re Kati CanalBr nm nt ies n he t at n rna eachesCons .Lii ,533 F. ol tg. Su 2d61 ,6 13 & n 1 1 ( D. 20 )( o lci c s si c tngt tfdea c ursma pp. 5 3 - 3 n. 4- 5 E. La. 08 c le tng a e ndiai ha e r l o t y tkej diil tc ofgo m me t lwe i ,ncu ngc ur rc ds;W il msv. ng, 5F.S p. a u ca no ie ve n a bst i ldi o t e or ) li es a Lo 58 up 2 67 6 - 8& n. ( M d. 8 (ole tn ca e i c tngt tposi song e nme twe ie d 9, 86 8 4 D. 200 ) c lcig s s ndia i ha tng ov r n bst s aeihe e l a t e tco s l-uhe tc tn . r n rnty u h n i r efa t n iaig) RK D onohue fl d hi fr ts a e ha spe ii i ea l A pr l2008 i Ca pbel Coun y ie s i s t t bea tton n ry i n m l t Cic tCou t ( r ui r. CL08001 00) Al ti 47mos mmeditl howe r hewr t t t cer sofke aey, ve , oe o he l k' t a a ke t w ihdr w t tfr tpetton,sa i t the ha l touts e i or a i The nd s d o t a ha i s ii t tng ha d ef om nf m ton. r c d r l c st tt spe ii w a vol a iy di m i s d. D o hue fl d hi s cond ha s e or efe t ha hi tton s unt rl s s e no ie s e bea pe ii n i t Cic tCour on A pr l22,2008,a t Cour dim i s d i on J y 8,2008. tt o n he r ui t i nd he t s s e t ul ( 00015 00. Donohuesaest theatmptdt a a,bys nghi noi ofa a CL08 2- ) tt ha te e o ppe l endi s tce ppe l t t Cic tCo tf f wa di t t Supr m eCour ofVig ni butneihe Cour dockeed o he r ui ur or or r ng o he e t r i a, t r t t t s s i s on. hi ubm s i Donohuefld at r saeha aspe ii i t Cic tCour i l t Aprl2009,a t ie hid t t be tton n he r ui t n ae i nd he Cour dimisdi onJme29,2009.( t s se t t CL0900187- ) Donohuefl hi f t saeha as 00. ied s ourh tt be peii i t Cic tCour onM ac 1 2011 CLI1 1 00. TheCour dimis dt s tton n he rui t rh 0, .( 0001 0- ) t s se hi peii onAprl7,2011 unde Vigi aCo Ann.j8. - 4( ( ast i l andunde tton i , r r ni de 0165 A)2) mtmey r j8. - 4( ( a s c sve.( No.1, 4142. Donohuea aldt sdipostont 0165 B)2) s uc esi ECF pp. - ) ppe e hi s ii o t eS p e Co r o Vigna whihr f sdhi a e lo Se tmb r23 2 1 (d p. 9. h u rme u t f r ii, c e u e s pp a n pe e , 01 . L 4 ) =, On Fe uay 1 201 Donohueexe utdhi j2254peii Alhoug hi peii doe br r 2, 2, c e s tton. t h s tton s nots to num be e g oundsf r le , onohue a l ge t tc e ut rd r or e i f D le s ha ouns lw a i f ec i bec us e s ne f tve a e he: f ie t conduc a pr al d o t operi tga i orpos es t e de e ofpor nvesi ton s s he vi nc nogr phy;f l t a aied o co ul wih Donohue o s ns t t r how hi t po nog a t tw a t bassf t c i na c r m he r r phy ha s he i or he rmi l ha ges a t n ledt t Cour by s yi Donohuehad s e t ma e i ;f ie t i nd he i o he t a ng e n he t ral al d o nvokeDonohue' s s edyti rg s f ie t s poe wine s who wo d ha ofe edm ii tng e de , pe ral i ht ' a ld o ub na t s es , ul ve f r tga i vi nce' a f ie t advi e D onohue ofhi rght . D o hue a s alege t tpolc t e t ned hi a nd a l d o s si s no l o l s ha i e hr a e m nd hi f iy a t ne of t t pe r co de a tm e whie i e v e i D onohue;a t the f l s nm l nd ur d f he a e r r t i s l nt r i w ng nd ha et c r d a t a d i o en e i a guit pl D onohue as e t t tt m at r a he pos e s oe ce nd r ppe nt t r ng ly ea. s r s ha he e i l s s ed a dit i e di no m e tt s a u or de i ton ofil ga c l por a nd s rbut d d t e he t t t y f nii le l hid nogr phy,a t c t nd he our dic la hi fom w ihdr wi hi guit pla by a sng hi t tby doi s hewo d go s otr ged m r t a ng s ly e dvii m ha ng o, ul drcl t aj r til ie ty o u y ra. Thec ttldDonohue' j225 peii c tonaly,notfedhi t ti a a e t our ie s 4 tton ondii l ii m ha t ppe r d o bet i yfl t r28U. C.j2244( ( ) a grntdhi a opporuniyt s tany mtmel ied mde S. d)1, nd a e m n t t o ubmi a tonali onna i ora gum e conc m i t si s ddii nf ton r nt e ng hi s ue. D onohue s it d a tona ubm te ddii l i or tona hi pos-onvito pr e ngs( Nos 5& 6) Eve c i rng nf mai bout s tc cin oc edi ECF . . n onsdei Donohue' a tonalmae ilho ver t c tc udest thi j2254peiin mus be s ddii tra, we ,he our oncl ha s tto t dim is a untm ey fl s s ed s i l ied. 11 Ha a p tto stldt e 12 5 aes b e t oao e y a peido lmi to 2 be s ei n ie md r 2 4 r u j c t n - e r ro f i t in. 8 i a U.. 52 4 ( )1 .Ge e al ,h sp ro b gnst r n fo t ed t o wh c t ej g n SC. 2 4 d ( ) n r ly t i ei d e i o u r m h ae n ih h ud me t ofc c i bec e fna whe t pe ii rhase use hi o onviton om s i l n he ttone xha t d s pporunii t s e die t t tes o e k r c r ve S e2 U. C. 2 4 d ()A)2 U n r28U S. 12 4 ( )2 , o v r t eo - e r e iw. e 8 S. 1 2 4( )1( . de C. 2 4 d ( ) h we e ,h ney a . flngpe i i t ld whiea i t st ope l fl a i a i f St t pos- onviton o ii rod s ole l n nma e' û pr ry ied pplc ton or a e tc c i r 2 Und rê2 4( ) l, h o -e rpei o Imia i f rfln aha e speiin u e 5 22 e 24 d ( ) t e ney a rod f i tton o iig b a tto nd r 54 begi t r on t lt toff da es ns o un he a es our t : ( tedaeonwhihtejdg n be a tna byt co l i ofdiet A) h t c h u me t cme i l he ncuson rc r e ort e r i oft tm ef s ng s r ew ; eviw he xpiaton he i or eeki uch evi ( t daeo whiht i e me tt fln a a plc to c e tdbyStt B) he t n c he mp di n o iig n p iain r ae ae a i i vi a i oft Cons iuton orl oft Unie Sàt i r cton n olton he tt i aws he t d es s emoved,i t f he a i waspr pplcant event fom flng by s St t acton; ed r ii uch a e i ( t d t o whiht c tt ton lrg ta s re wa i tal r c g z dby C) he ae n c he onsiu i a ih se td s niily e o nie t Supr Cour,i t rghthasbee newl r he eme t f he i n y ecogni by t Supr m e Cour and zed he e t mader r i y applcabl t c eson colat r r ew;or etoactvel i e o as l e al evi ( tedaeo whiht f cu lp e caeo t cam orcai p e e e c l D) h t n c he a t a r di t f he li l ms r s ntd oud ha been dicover t ough t exe cie ofduedii nce. ve s ed hr he r s lge ot rc l t r lr vi 'i i ndi ' l t di t i tc r gi st de e ntnotc t tt he ola e a e ew ' s t pe ng. f he sr c ou t ve he f nda ' i e ha he pe ii a a s t be untm e y a a l shi a oppor uniy t pr de a a p l e a tton ppe r o i l nd low m n t t o ovi ny r m nt nd e d er r ngtm ei s ,a t de e ntf ist ma t r quiie s vi enc ega di i lne s nd he f nda al o ke he e st howi t ditit ng, he src c u t ysl rl ds s t p tto . S eHi v. u tn, 7 F.d7 , 0 (t Ci. o r ma l mmaiy imis he eii n e l Br o 2 7 3 01 7 7 4 h r l 2002) . Afe r viwi a1ofDonohue' s isons t c tc ude t the di notfl hi tr e e ng 1 s ubm s i ,he our oncl s ha d ie s j2 5 p tto wi nteo ey a fln peidp e c ie b j2 4 * .Th S p e Co r o 2 4 eiin t h n - e r i g ro r srb d y 2 4( hi e u r me u t f Vigi adim is d Do r ni s s e nohue' diec a a on M a ch 1 2007. Do huet n hadni t da s r t ppe l r 0, no he ne y ys t tl a pe ii f a w rtofc r i a ii t Unie St t Supr m e Cou .3 A sD onohue di not o ie tton or i e tor r n he t d a es e rt d fl frc rirr, i Cn belCo nyc n ito sb c mefn l n e j2 4 ( )1( o ie o e t ai hs mp l u t o v ci n e n ia u d r 2 4 d ( )A) n o Se e r21 2007,andhi oneyea pei t tl aj2254peii be nt nm.Donohue ptmbe , s - r rod o ie tton ga o al lowed 21 da oft tpe i t elps bef r flng hi sa eha spe ii on Aprl22, 4 ys ha rod o a e o e ii s t t bea tton i 2008, whi h t l d t f de alflng pe i 4 W he t Cic tCour dim is Do hue' n he r ui t s s ed no s c ole he e r ii r od. pe ii on J y 8,2008 a hi a alt t Su e Cour ofVigi awasnotpr pe l fl tton ul , nd s ppe o he pr me t r ni o ry ied, t f de a f lng pe i bega rz ng aga n a e r d on D e e be 8, he e r l ii rod n t nni i nd xpi e c m r 2008. Donohuefldhi j2254peii onFe u y 1 201 a t e ris, et nt e ie s tton br ar 2, 2 t he ale tmor ha hre yea sa trt flngpe i e r Donohue' t r a f t sa eha r fe he ii rod xpied. s hid nd ourh t t beaspe ii ,fl d i ttons ie n Ap i 2 0 a dM ac 2 1a trtefln peidu d rj2 4 ( )1( e pr d ddno tl t rl 0 9 n r h 01 fe h iig ro n e 2 4 d ( )A) x ie , i to lhe tl peidt e j2 4 4 2 o ohewieaf c tetmeie so Do h ' fd r l eiin. ii ro md r 2 4 *4 ) r t r s fe th i ln s f no ues e e a p tto ng Donohuea s doesnota lge a gr lo le ny oundso whi h hi f de a tlng pe i coul be c l ul td n c s e r l ii rod d a c ae 3 Se Rul oft Supr m e Cour oft Unied St es, Rul 1 1 (i t fl peii f rwrt e t he t at e es he e 3( ) tme o ie tton o i ofc ri aie ie 9 d ysatre tyoffn jdg n b hihetsaec ur) et r xprs 0 a fe nr ialu me t y g s tt o t. or 4 Becaus Donohue vol arl wihdr w t i talsat habeaspetton he s it t t e unt iy t e he nii t e ii ubm ted o he Cicui Cour eari i Aprl2007,t petton wasnotpr l fl f pum os oft lng t f r r t t ler n i hat ii opery ied or es oli he ede al flngp ro u e j2 4( )2 . ii e id nd r 24 d ( ) t e a y oh rs b e to o j2 4 d () T us t ec u t o cu e t t n h efie t md r n t e u s cin f 2 4()1 . h ,h o r c n l d s ha Do o u ald o fl hi j225 peii wihi oneyea a r uie unde j2244( . ie s 4 tton t n r s eq rd r * An ot wie tm e bare pe ii rma pr vee ilm e t e t bl t lngoft her s i - r d ttone y o ntte nt o quia e oli he flng pe i i he de ons r t s e e i ii rod f m t a e xc ptonalc r um snnc t tpr ve e hi f om flng on tm e i c t es ha e nt d m r ii i a s w s t the hasbe n dul dii nt Pa v. i uglel os5 U . 408, 8,a n.8 nd ho ha e y lge . ce D G i m 44 S. 41 nd ( ) Ge rly,a i e' pr â sausandi a oft 1w ar nots fcentgr 2005 . neal n nmat s o ç tt gnornce he a e ufii ounds t j tf e utb et li , e a et e ea en t a t r o tiet ei maesc n r l Untd o usiy q ia l o l b c us h s r o fco s usd h n t ' o to . ie ng Sttsv.Sos 36 F. 507,51 ( h Ci. ae a, 4 3d 2 4t r 2004) . Donohuesa e t co tonsa Re Oni Stt Prs pr ve e hi f om flng hi tt s hat ndii t d on a e ion e ntd m r ii s j2254peii ontme.Formo hs t lw lbrr hasbee s tsafe whihha dea tton i nt ,he a i a y n hor-t fd, c s lyed Donohue' ac es t l lm a e i s i udi f der lha asc pusf m s Re Oni as s c s o ega t ral, ncl ng e a be or or . d on lo s i s i ge ti a e wih onl a lm ie a o ofm a lng s i ,w hi h hi r upple ndi n nm t s t y i t d m unt ii upples c nde s D onohue' a lt t m a lhi m a e i l t t c t be a e he a s ha o he l galca es s biiy o i s t r a s o he our , c us lo s t r e s pe ng.Thec tc ndi our nnnotfnd t s t mpor r difc te i obt ni l galma e i l a i he e e a y fiuli s n ai ng e t ra s nd ma lng s isa e s fc e t wara e tbl t lng i t sca e whe t pe ii r ii upple r ufi i nt o r nt quia e oli n hi s , n he ttone dea dflnghi j2254peii mor t furye r a trhi c ci bec mefna.Fort lye ii s tton e han o a s fe s onviton a i l he s m er on,Do uehasnotde n eas noh monsr t d due dii nc a r quiedt i ta e lge e s e r o nvokeequia e t bl t lng. oli Fo t er a o ssae ,h c u t imis sDo o u ' p tto wi o tp eu iea r h e s n ttd t e o r d s se n h es eiin t u rj dc s h t tm el tl d.5 m i y ie 5 l a ha f beaspettonerf l t de onsr e eihert tmelnes ofhi petton pur ii ais o m tat t he i i s s ii suantt o j2 4( )o t t h p i i eofe uia et lnga ple i h sc e tedititc u t tds s hs 24 d r ha t e rncpl q tbl oli p is n i as ,h src o r mus imis i petton. SeeH il 277 F. at707. ii l, 3d TheCl r i diec e t s nd copi oft sm e a l opi on a a compa ng ek s r td o e es hi mor ndtm ni nd c nyi or rt pe ii r de o ttone . > ENTER:Th s 38 d yo Ap i, 1 i a f rl20 2. # ' Chi fU nied St t sD i t i tJ e t a e sr c udge