-RSB Broderick v. Clarke, No. 7:2012cv00063 - Document 15 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 11/1/2012. (tvt)
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4k;RK% OFFS t.qDl QQtU GE l t 't J : AFJ 6V k VA I LE, . I TH E U NI N TED STA TES DI STR I T C O U R T C FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRICT O F V I G I I R N A R O AN O K E D IV I N SIO F I kq - N#J A y L Ex claaK OLI l i ' F) j .. 3 l-J Y . . 1 Ci lA c i N o.7: 2- vvi t on 1 c 00063 MI CHAEL W I AM BRODERI LLI CK, ) Peii r ttone , ) ) ) ) HAROLD CLARKE, ) Res ponde . nt ) M EM OM NPUM OPI ON NI By: H on. ks L. ier Jac on K s Seni U ni ed St es Di t ctJudge or t at s ri M i ha lW ila Br r c a V i g ni pr s rpr e ng pr > fl ape ii f ra c e li m ode i k, r i a i one oc edi o q, ied tton o - wrto ha e sc r u , u s n t 2 U. C. 2 4,oc alng j d me t e tr db o e i f b a o p s p rua t o 8 S. j 25 t h le e u g n s nee y n j d ea o tmefrt eCic t u t fRo n k Ciy teCic i Co r o Ro n k Co ny, u g t ne i o h ruiCo r o a o e t ,h ru t u t f a o e u t a t Ci c tCour oft Ciy of Sa e . The c tc tona l f l d t pe ii , r c e nd he r ui t he t lm our ondii ly ie he tton' e t d di t Cl r t ope tlee s r t c vi a tons e h w ih t s m e pe ii c l ng a sngl he e k o n lr epa a e i l c i , ac t he a tton halengi i e Cic i Co r' j g n , rua t oRue2()o t eRu e Go r i j2 5 Ca e ; n rut u ts ud me tpu s n t l e f h ls venng 2 4 s s a d di e t d r s r c e e ponde t r pond t t pe ii fl i t sac i . l R esponde fl d a m oton t nt o es o he tton ied n hi ton nt ie i o di m i s a pe ii rr ponded,m a ng t m a t rrpe f r dipos ton. A fe r e i t s s , nd ttone es ki he t e i o s ii t r evi w ng he r cor ldi m i s t pe ii astm e ba r d. e d, s s he tton i re 1. On J y 1 2009,t Cicui Cour ofRoa ul 4, he r t t nokeCiy s ntnc peii rt at e - r t e e ed ttone o hr e yea a tve s nt nc a t pe ii rpl ade guit t s a u or bur ar Pe ii ra a e t t c i e e e fer ttone e d ly o t t t y gl y. ttone ppe l d o he Cour ofAppea s ofV igi a, hi h de e t a alon J nua y 20,201 . Pe ii rdi not t l r ni w c ni d he ppe a r 0 ttone d appealt t Supr e C oul ofV i ni o he em ' t rgi a. On Se e r8, 1 pe ii rfl d aha a c puspe ii wih t Supr m eCo t pt mbe 201 , ttone ie be s or tton t he e ur ofV igi a,whi h di m i s d t pe ii on J nua y 1 , 201 Pe ii rt l d t i t ntf de al r ni c s s e he tton a r 7 2. ttone i e he ns a e r l i a to c n en tej d me te trdb teCic t u t f a k Ci Ths cin o c r s h u g n nee y h ruiCo r o Ro no e t y . h b a p tt no J n ay2 201 Se R. v j22 4 Ca e 3 d ( e ci igt ep io a e s eii n a u r 4, 2. e Go . 5 s s ( ) d srbn h rs n o mal r e . ibox ul) 1 I. Ha speii fl unde j225 aes j c t aone- a pei oflmiai 28 bea ttons ied r 4 r ub e t o ye r rod i tton. U. C. 2 4 ( )1. Ge e al ,h sp ro b gnst r n fo t d t o whc t ej d me t S. j 2 4 d ( )2 n rly ti e id e i o u r m he ae n ih h u g n ofc di be omesfna. 28u. . .j2 d)1( ,A convitonbe ome fnalonc t onvi on c i l3 sc 244( ( )A) ci c s i e he a lbiiyofdie trviw i e use UniedSttsv.Cly,537U. 522,524( vaia lt r c e e s xha td. t ae a S. 2003) The . one- a flng pe i i t l d whieaco c ' û opery fld a i ai f St t ye r ii rod s ole l nvi ts d pr l ie pplc ton or a e pos- nvitonorot rcolacalr e 'st ndi ' 28U. C.j2244( ( .SeeW alv, tco ci he ltr eviw'i d ng, pe ' S. d)2) l Khol, i U. S. ,1 S.Ct 1 ,1 - 9( 1 ( sus i pr e ngst tq lf a 31 . 278 288 8 201 ) die sng oce di ha uaiy s colaea rviw) ltrl e e . Peii rsj225 petton i uni l unde j2244( ( )A) Peii rsc cton ttone ' 4 ii s tmey r d)1 ( . ttone ' onvi i be m e fna on Fe ua y 1 201 w he t tm e e r d f pe ii rt not a a alf om ca i l br r 9, 0, n hc i xpi e or ttone o e n ppe r t Cour ofAppe sofVigi at t SuprmeCour ofVigi a.SeeVa.Sup.CtR.5:4() he t al r ni o he e t r ni . 1a (ttnga a alfom t Co tofAppe si al donl i t a l fl anotc of sai n ppe r he ur al s lowe y f he ppelant ies ie a p a wi nt ryd y o tefn l u g n ) tt n rtldhi saeh b a pei o o p e l t hit a s f h ia j d me t.Peii e ie s tt a e s tt n n hi o i 2Th o ey a p ro of i t t f rfl g aha e sp tto u d rj2 5 be n t r n o t elt s o- u dae : e n - e r e i d lmi i o i n a on i b a e i n n e 2 4 gis o u n h ae t js r ts i ( t d t o whc t j d me t e a f l ytec n lso o drc rviw o tee piaino te A)he ae n ih he u g n b c me i b h o cu in f ie t e e r h x rto fh na tm ef s eki s r vi i or e ng uch e ew; ( ted t o whihtei e i n t fln a a pl aincetdb Stt ato i voaino t B)h ae n c h mp dme t o i g n p i to rae y ae cin n ilto fhe i c Consiuton orlwsoft Unie Stt i r tt i a he td aes s emove i t applc twaspr nt fom flngby s h d, f he ian eve ed r ii uc St t ac i a e ton; ( ted t o whc tec nttt na rg tasre wa iiil rc g z db teS prmeCo r,fh C) h ae n ih h o si i l ih setd s nt l e o nie y h u e uo ay utite rghtha be newl r cognied b t Supr Cour a mader r ctveyapplc bl t c eson i s en ye z y he eme t nd etoa i l ia e o as colat r r vi w ;or l e al e e ( t ed t o wh c t fc u l r dc t o t eca m o camsp e e t d c u d h v b e dic v r d D) h ae n ih he a t a p e iae f h li r l i r s ne o l a e e n s o e e t ough t e cie ofdue dii nc hr he xer s lge e. 3 SC. 2 ()l( -D) 2 U.. j2 44d ()A)( . 8 P tin rddn tag etmeie su d rsbscin ( tru h( . eio e i o r u i l s n e u eto s B) ho g D) t n 2 Se e be 8,20l1 5 da a trhi c ci n bec m efna .Ac di y,t o - a ptm r , 66 ys fe s onvi to a i l cor ngl he ne ye r lm iatonspe i a r a e r by t tm e pe ii ne fl hi s at habe petton,a t , i ti r od l e dy xpied he i tto r ied s t e as ii nd hus sauo ytligi no p r te Se , ..M itrv Be k, 0F.d 6 3 6 5( t Ci. 0 0 ttt r o l s t emitd. e eg, n e . c 23 3 6 , 6 4h r 2 0 ) n (e og zngt tasaehabe pettonc trvi almiai pei t tale dyexpie . rc nii ha tt as ii anno e ve i ttons rod ha ra rd) Equia e t lng i a l e onl i ç hos r r i t nce w her - due t cic san s t bl oli s vaiabl y n l e a e ns a s t e o r um t ce e c na t t pa t sow n c xt r l o he ry' onduc - i w oul be uncons i bl t e or t lm ia i perod t t d c ona e o nf ce he i t ton i a i tt pat andgr sij tc woul r s t' Ro ev.Le 339F. 238,246( hCi. gans he ry os n usie d eul. us ' e, 3d 4t r 2003)( ba (ntr quottonmaksomitd)(ii Harsv. chi on,209F. 325, % nc) i enal ai r te ctng ri Hut ns 3d 330( hCi. 4t r 2000).Thus apeiine mus havet enpu s nghi rght dii nty,a ... ) , tto r t d be rui s i s lge l nd s m e e r or na y c r um s a s ood i hi w a ' o pr ve tm el flng. H ola v. orda, o xta di r i c t nce t n s y' t e nt i y ii l nd Fl i U. S. ,130S.Ct 2549,25 ( 0) M eelc ofknowldgeaboutlga pr e sort . 60 201 . r a k e e l oc s he s a ut y de i f f de a ha sr le doe no s ppo tgr ntng s h e r di r r le . t t or adlne or e r l bea e i f s t u r a i uc xtaor na y e i f Ha rs 209 F. at330.Furhe mor ,1dono fnd a e r di r cr sa ei t sr c d r i, 3d t r e t i ny xtaor na y icum t nc n hi e or t tpr ve e pe ii rf om flng a tm e y pe ii See e. , nie St t v.Sos ,364 F. ha e nt d ttone r ii i l tton. e 2. U t d a es a 3d 5 7, 1 ( t Ci. 0 4 ( li p o j sau a din rnc o t elw d e n t u tf 0 5 2 4 h r 2 0 ) hodng r . tt s n g o a e f h a o s o j siy ç e tbl t lng ;Tur rv. ohns 1 F. 390,39 (t Ci.1 )( i t t quia e oli ) ne J on, 77 3d 2 5h r 999 notng ha unf m ii rt w ih t l w due t ilt r cy o pr > sausdoe not ol l tt pei . a la iy t he a o lie a r o q tt s t l i ai mi ons rod) . A c or ngl 1fnd t tpe ii rf l d t s a ton be c di y, i ha ttone ie hi c i yond t one yea s a ut oflm ia i , he - r t t e i t tons pe ii neri noten il t t lng,a t pe ii n m us be di m i s d. tto s tted o oli nd he tt o t s se 111 . Fort f eg ng r s ,lgr ntr ponde ' m otont dim isa dimi st peii he or oi ea ons a es nts i o s s nd s s he tton f rawrtofha asc pus Ba e upon my fndi t tpe ii ne hasnotmadet r uiie o i be or . s d i ng ha tto r he eq st s bsa ta s o n o ad n a ofac n t uin l ih a r q ie b 28U. C. 2 3 , u tn il h wig f e il o si to a rg t s e ur d y t S. j 25 /) a c rii a eofa a a lt i de ed. e tfc t ppe l biiy s ni The Cl r i diec ed t s nd a c py oft sM e o a um O pi on a t ac om pa ng ek s r t o e o hi m r nd ni nd he c nyi O r rt pe ii r a c de o ttone nd ouns lofr or f r s e ec d or e ponde . nt EN TER :Thi s da ofN ove be ,201 y m r 2. . ze c Se i U nied St esD l rctJu ge eD or t at sti