-RSB Muhammad v. Tatro et al, No. 7:2012cv00043 - Document 28 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 8/10/2012. (tvt)
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CL S OFFI t, DI .COURT EM CE JS. ST AT ROANOKE, VA FSED L I TH E U N I D STA TE S D I N TE STR I T C O U R T C FO R TH E W ESTER N DISTR ICT O F V I G I I R N A R O A N O K E D IV ISIO N M A L CO LM M UH A M M A D , AIC 12 2 1 J 22 JULI C. r - C A BK' C i lA ct on N o.7: v00043 vi i 12c Pl ntff ai i , M EM O M N DU M O PI I N N O D R .L .TA T R O et ##, . . D ef endant s. By:Sam ue G .W is l l on Uni Stat D i t ctJudge ted es s ri Th si a a to p ru nto4 U.. j 1 8 frij n tv r le, e lr tr rle, i s n cin u s a t 2 SC. 9 3 o nu cie eif d ca ao y eif a da gesby pl i ifM a c m M uha ma aVigi ai aepr ee ngrr/s ,alegi nd ma antf l ol m d, r ni nm t oc di e l ng t tDr L. to a K .Gi ns bot empl yee ofW al nsRi St t Prs a t tm eoft ha . Tar nd ve , h o s le dge ae i on t he i he al ge i i nt , olt d hi Ei h Am e le d nc de s vi a e s ght ndmen rghtt befe fom cr la unus l t i o re r ue nd ua punihm e . M uha m ad a l gest tTa r a Gi nsw e e de i r t y i f e e t a s rous s nt m le ha to nd ve r lbe a el ndif r nt o e i m edi a ne d w hie he r ei d m uli e de a tea m e t i 2011, nc udi de ur s t t cl e l ec ve tpl nt l r t n s n i l ng nt e , 00 h e r c i , nd t e t entf a c s e . Ta r a G i nsha now s par t l m o d t xt a tons a r a m or bs e s s t o nd ve ve e a e y ve o di m i sM u m m a s c pl i f f lze t s a e a c a m . V i i M uha m a sc pl i i s s ha d' om a nt or ailr o t t l i ew ng m d' om a nt n t lg m os f vor bl t hi , he c t nisbo h motonswih r pec t t dei r t he i ht t a a e o m t our de e t i t es t o he lbe ae i f e e e c ai st ta i e outofa e den a t e t e be w e l t M a c a A ugus 1 ndi f r nc l m ha rs bs nt t l r a m nt t en a e r h nd t 6, 201 Be aus M u mm a doesnota lge f c st pl usbl s 1. c e ha d le a t o a i y ugges dei r t i fe e t lbe a e ndif r nce a i tG i nsorTa r out i oft ttm e pe i t c tdi m i s s a 1ofM uha m a sot r ga ns ve t o s de ha i rod, he our s s e 1 m d' he c ains l lr . 1Thec tbas t sopi on onM uhammad' amende c our es hi ni s d ompl nt ai . 1. On M a c 1 2011 M uhn madr que t d de a te t ntduet abr n t h. r h 0, , m e se nt l r a me o oke 00t G i ns a know l d M uhn m ad' r que ton M a c 1 h and w r t 1Iw ilt lt de i t' ve c edge m se s r h 6t o e, & l el he nts . ' I a to t t sf m a r ue t M uha ma t d Ta r a n ddii n o hi or l eq s, m d ol to bouthi c ton whe M uha a s ondii n mm d r e ved uppe de ur s i M a ch. Ta r t s d he w oul ca lM uha m a s ec i r nt e n r t o hen ai d l m d oon. On M a c rh 24t , uha m a f l d a he r que tt ha hi t h pule duet i e ton f ar and pa n h M m d ie not r e s o ve s 00t ld o nf c i e s i whiee tng.Gi nsr ponde t t sr ques o M a c 28 h. l ai ve es d o hi e t n r h t O n Aug t 1 t Ta r pr s rbed a i otc t M uha m a a t ran e m a x- a us 6 h, to e c i ntbi i s o m d fe xa nd r ys s e t eet t w ih a c s . M uhn m a ale t tt tm e i be w e n t s e m i to how d hr ee h t bs es es m d l ges ha he i n t e hi xa na i n a hi r ques sf t e t e c ed t i e ton,asw e la pa n,t h de a a c son hi nd s e t or r a m nt aus he nf c i l s i 00t c y, nd ut s t ongue. O n Se e be 1 h,Tato e r c e one ofM uha m a s l e l f t t Folow i pt m r 4t r xt a t d m d' ow r e t ee h. l ng t spr e e M uha a r sedpan pil. St f pr s rbe M oti i r pons howe r hi oc dur , mm d eque t i ls a f e c i d rn n es e; ve , t pil di no r ac M uha adand di nota a on am is medi lls duet a he ls d t e h mm d ppe r s ed ca it o pr a m i e r . N one hel s M uha m a r ce ved pai m e c t on t ne m or ng. ogr m ng r or t es , m d e i n di a i he xt ni O n Oc obe 6t M uhn m ad r t r h, m eque t d ex r c i f t o m or t t Ta r s he e s e t a tons or w e ee h. to c dul d t s ge y f Oct he ur r or ober26t butM uha m a ha a hea c a as f a dif r ntda e. On h, m d d da he nd ked or f e e t N ove be 1 t M uha m ad c e e t or s ge y a l t rr que t t ha t sic m r 4 h, m ons nt d o al ur r nd a e e s ed o ve he tt hes r emove afe Nove be 18 h butbef eN o mbe 24t d tr m r t or ve r h.An Ofe f nderReq s f l or ton ue t or nf ma i f m i c t t tM uham m a as f rt s ic s t be r oved on N ove be 27t Dur ng or ndi a es ha d ked o he tt he o em m r h. i t we k ofN ove he e mber28h,c r tona ofk e sno ii d de a a t oreci l t r tfe nt l boutM uha mad' c pli s m s om ant a t d M uhn m a t tt y w oul t ke hi t de a i pos i e;how e r t pr s w a on nd ol m d ha he d a m o nt l f s bl ve , he i on s l kdown t tw e .2 oc ha ek On D e em be 4t nur e r m ove M uhn m ad' sic a pr c i d a i o i a c r h, s s e d m s tt hes nd es r be ntbi tc nd pa n m e c ton. Pr o t r m oval M uha m a tl a l a tt o e e ge y g i vanc s a l gi i di a i ir o e , m d i ed t e s w m r nc r e e le ng t the ha s l n, e and i ec ed g s a lofw hi h we e pr dur lr s de c i d i t ha d wole r d, nf t um , l c r oce a i ks s rbe n he Cons ntf Or lSur r a D e a Pr dlr s f r t tM uha m a s g d on N o m be e or a ge y nd nt l oce z e o m ha m d i ne ve r 1 h.M uha a m ant i t tnur esdi no bei vet s e e ge y compl nt be aus 4t mm d i ans ha s d t le he e m r nc ai s c e Ta r di notr por t tM uhn m a had s ic . H ow e r one r s to d e t ha m d tt hes ve , e pons t M uham m ad' eo s D e em be 2nd e e ge y gr e c r m r nc i vanc i ca est tM uha m a s gre nc di notm e tt e ndi t ha m d' i va e d e he detnii ofa e e genc The f m a s s w s t ta nur e a s s ed M uha m a a r f r e i ton n m r y. or l o ho ha s ses m d nd e e r d t m a t rt t de alof i e. Fi ly,on Dec m be 5 h,Ta r s w M uha m ad a hi of i a he te o he nt f c na l e rt to a m t s fce nd a l ge y t ug t s ic cn e outon t i ow n. Folow i t svi i, uhn m a tl le dl ho ht he tt hes m he r l ng hi s t M m d i ed c pl i sa om a nt boutw a tng f de t es ii or n ur . II. Gi nsa Tar ha move t dimisMlha d' c ai t rRul 1 b)6) ve nd to ve d o s s z mma s ompl ntmde e 2( ( f f iur t sat ac am f r le .Vi wi M thnmmad' compl i i t lg mos or a l e o t e l i or e if e ng l s ant n he i ht t f vo a et hi , hec tde e bot m o i nswih r pec t t delbe a ei fe e c am s a r bl o m t our nis h to t es t o he i r t ndif r nce l i t ta i e be w e l t M a ch a A ugus 1 2011 The cour fndst tM uhn m a f is sa e a ha r s t en a e r nd t 6, . ti ha m d al tt c a m t a Ei h A m e l i o n ght ndm e vi a i out i oft ttm e pe i a w ilt r f e dim i s nt ol ton s de ha i r od nd l he e or s s a 1o he c a m saga ns G i ns a Ta r 1 t r li i t ve nd to. 2(-'ec tmayaloconsde e bisatac t t c pli . l t e ntofcontitbewe t bae ç h our f s i r xhi t t hed o he om ant n he ve lc t en he r algai oft c pll and a atche e bi,hee bi pr vais' Unie Stt sv.Gul I .Co.31 F. le tons he om a' nt ny ta d xhi t t xhi t e l.' td a e f ns , 3 S p 2 5 3 5 6( D. . 0 4 (iain o te ) u p. d 9 , 9 E. Va 2 0 ) ctto s mi d . t 3 Tos vveaRul 1 b)6)moi t pl di mus cont nt noughfcst saea ur i e 2( ( ton,he ea ng t ai t e a t o tt c a m t r le t ti pl usbl on is f ce ' l At . l i o e i f ha s a i e t a .'Be l l Com . Tw om bl 550 U . 544,570 v. y, S. ( 07)(iai omitd) Coursmus lbealyc tuepr s c ai s Erc onv.Pad 20 ctton te . t t i r l onsr o e ompl nt, iks rue, 551U. 89,9 ( S. 4 2007) a ac ptt cama ' fcua alegai a tu He Gr LLC , nd ce he li nts a t l l tons s r e. mi oups v.CiyofN. ,1 S. .983,98 7 ( 0) Ho ve,t stne i tna ia et lga t Y. 30 Ct 6-8 201 . we r hi e t s d pplc bl o e l i c l i ns Thr a r r ia soft e e nt o a c us ofaci s oncuso . e dba e ect l he l me s f a e ton, upporedby m e e t r c n l s r sae nt, on ts fke' As cof v lba,1 S Ct 1 3 ,1 4 ( 0 9 . o cu o y ttme s d o u f . h r t .n l 29 . . 9 7 9 9 2 0 ) ' To de onsr t a cl i f deni lofm e c lca e, pl i i fm us s m t a e a m or a di a r a a ntf t how t tprs n ha i o ofi a sw e e delbe a el i f e e t a s rousm edi alne d. Es e l v.Ga bl 429 U . 97, tci l r i r t y ndif r nt o e i c e t le m e, S. 1 ( 976) Stplsv.Va. p' ofCor.904F.Supp. 7,492( D. 1 .Appr it 05 1 ; a e De t r, 48 E. Va. 995) oprae te t e f am e c ne i t ofme c lne es iy' a ( smpl t whih m a be r am nt or di al ed s t one di a c st ' nd ç i y hat c not y c i rdmerl desrbl ' Bowrncv.God n,551F. 44,48( h Ci.1 .Dei rt onsdee ey ia e. ' i wi 2d 4t r 977) lbeae i fee egoesbe ndifrnc yondme eneglge e.Fame v.Brnna 511U. 825,835(994) To r i nc r r e n, S. 1 . c tt e de i r t i f er nce a pr s n ofi i m us be a ar off t f om whi h he c d ons iut lbe a e ndif e , i o tc al t w e ac s r c oul dr w a i e e e t ta s t ntalrs ofha m exit ,he m us d aw t ti e enc a he m us a n nf r nc ha ubs a i i k r ss t r ha nf r e, nd t di r ga d t rs by f ii t t l e ona e m ea ur ' t a l vi t t r s I a 83 8 s e r he i k a lng o ake t as bl r s es' o le a e he i k. d. t 2, 37. t'o e t bls t ta he t ca e pr de ' ac i nsc tt e de i r t i f e enc t a s rous t s a i h ha r alh r ovi r s t o ons iut lbe a e ndif r e o e i m e ca ne d, he t e t e m us be s g os l i om pe e , na qua e,ore s i a t s k di l e t r a m nt t o r s y nc t nt i de t xce s ve s o hoc t c c enc ort be i ol r bl t f ndnm e a f ines . M ite v. he ons i e o nt e a e o u nt l a r s' li r Beor 896 F. 8 8 ' n, 2d 48, 51 ( hCi.1 (ii Roc sv.Eva ,792F. 1 1 ( t Ci.1 4t r 990) ctng er ns 2d 052, 058 11h r 986:.Furhemor t r e, neihercl i s r ga di a di a e e be w e a i a e and m edi lper o w love t a m e r ng s gr em nt t en n nm t ca sm r di gnos sorcour e oft ea m e nora l a i ofm a pr c i e orne i nce i t e t e s a e a i s r t nt leg tons l a tc glge n r a m nt t t 4 cog z bl c tt i lc ai sunde t Ei h A m e ni a e ons iutona l m r he ght ndm e . W r g v.Coli ,766 F. 841 nt i ht lns 2d , 8 ( hCi .985) Esel 429U. a 1 -06. 49 4t r 1 ; tle, S. t 05 He e, uha mad a l est thec r M m leg ha ompli a aned boutat h pr blm i M a c a di no 00t o e n r h nd d t r c i tea m e f nea l fve m ont , hi h ca ed hi pai and s f rng. Ta ng t s e e ve r t nt or ry i hs w c us m n uf e i ki he e al gai astuea vi wi t m i t lg mos f vor bl t M uhamm a t c t i le tons r nd e ng he n he i ht t a a e o d, he our fnds t tt y pl us bl s ha he a i y ugges de i r t i f e e e a t r or de e t de e t lbe a e ndif r nc nd he ef e ni s he f ndan s m o i ns t ' to w ih r pe tt t s cl i s t es c o he e a m . A 1 ofM uha m a sot ralega i nsf i t sa e a c ai .B e or l t M a c a a t r 1 m d' he l to a l o t t l m f e a e r h nd fe A ugus 1 t M uha m a alegest the r e ve uppe de ur s a de ale m i to x-a , t 6 h, m d l ha ec i d r nt e , nt xn na i n, r ys antbi tcsf a c s t e t h e r to , tt hesw ih e ualr m oval a pai i o i or bs es , hr e 00t xtac i ns s ic t vent e , nd n m e ca i f l i s ge i s. l t f tr he wilal o r c ve l di ton olow ng ur r e n he utle, l s e ei owerde ur s Thi nt e . s t e t e i ha dl ts g os l i om pe e t i qua e ore s i ast s r a m nt s r y do r sy nc t n , nade t , xce sve o hock t co ci nc he ns e e ort bei olr bl t f ndn ntlfines . ite ,8 F. a 851(ii Rogesv. ns o nt e a e o u me a ar s' lir 96 2d t 'M ctng r Eva , 792F. 1 2,1 ( 1hCi.1 ) Stl,M u 2d 05 058 1 t r 986). il hmnmadi unha wihhi de a cae.Bu s ppy t s ntl r t tg ia r e t bewee a i t a aphysca ove teame donotsaeacam unde j tdls g e mens t n n nmae nd iin r r t nt tt li r 1 3 (mls e e i lcrumsanc aealge . Ha sv. ur hv, Supp. 41 ( D. 98 t e s xc ptona ic t es r le dj' ni M n F. ' 409, 4 E. Va.1 (ii W rahtv.Coli ,766F. 841 8 ( h Ci.985) Andalegai of 990) ctng i lns 2d , 49 4t r1 ). l tons ne i e eormedi lm apr c i do notc tt ea Ei ht Ame e c am . M or ver glg nc ca l a tce onsiut n g h ndm nt l i eo , M uham m ad sm pl doesno a l f c st pl usbl s i y t lege a t o a i y ugges t tGi ns orTa r di r ga de a t ha ve to se r d rs ofs r oushann by f ii t t ke t e ona e m ea ur ' t ale a e t r s Ra he , ik e i a lng o a ç as bl r s es' o l vi t he i k. t r M uha m ad c l st tG i nsand Ta r we e de i r t l i f e e afe de crbi m onc ude ha ve t o r lbe a e y ndif r nt t r s i ng ongoi de a t e t e . The c t he e or di m i s a 1ofM uhn m a scl i saga ns ng nt l r a m nt our t r f e s s es 1 m d' a m i t G i ns a Tato t ta i e outofe nt be or l t M a c and a t rAugus 1 h. ve nd r ha r s ve s f e a e r h fe t 6t 5 1 11. Fort r as sa e t co tde e t de e nt 'motonst dimiswih r s c he e ons tt d, he ur ni s he f nda s i o s s t e pe t t t dei r t c am sarsngoutofa e de alte t ntbe wee l t M a c a Augus 1 o he lbe ae l i ii bs nt nt r a me t n ae r h nd t 6, 2011 The co tdi m i s sal ofM uha m a sot rc a m s . ur s s e 1 m d' he l i . .. .- ., x' ' # .. EN TE R : ugus 1 201 A t 0, 2. ' ., ' . ' ' A .. ' UN I TED STA TES D I STR I J D GE CT U 6