Linkenhoker v. Astrue, No. 7:2012cv00021 - Document 15 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 10/31/2012. (ssm)
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CL ERKS OFFI U. DI . CE S. ST COURT AT R- OKE, VA FIES L I THE U N I N TED STA TES D I STRI C OUR T CT FO R TH E W ESTERN D I STRI OF V I I A CT RG NI R OAN O KE D I SI VI ON 0CT 3 12 1 02 . BJULI b3o CE - A pie L . (y . . . i' * ' , 1 e ' ,z ue zy f' y , v m FM N K THO M A S LI CEN H OK ER,JR. NI , Ci lA cton N o. 7: vi i 12CV 00021 Pl i if a ntf , M EM O M N D UM O PI I N N O M I AEL J.A STRU E, CH Com m i s one ofSoc alSe lrt si r i c ziy, By: H onor bl Gl n E.Conr d a e e a Chi fUnie St t D it i tJ e t d a es sr c udge D ef endant . Pl i ifha fl d t s a ton c le ng t f na de i i n oft Com m i sonerof Soci l a ntf s ie hi c i ha l ngi he i l c s o he si a Se urt de ng pl n i fscl i f ape i ofdi a lt a di a lt i tr nc bene kst de t c iy nyi ai t f a m or rod s biiy nd s biiy ns ta e t m r he SocalSecziyAc,a n nde 42U. C.j 41 ()a 423.J iditonoft sco ti purua i lrt t s me d, S. j 6i nd urs ci hi ur s s nt t j205( oft Ac,42U. C.j405( .Thi c t rviw i lmie t adeemi to a t o g) he t S. g) s our' e e s i td o tr nain s o s whe he t r i s t nta e de e t s t r he e s ubs a i l vi nc o uppor t Co m i s one ' c l i n t tpl nt f f l t he m s i rs onc us o ha ai if aied t m e ther quieme sf e il me t be t unde heAc .I s hs bsa i le de ee ss o e t e r nt or ntte nt o neks rt t f uc u t nta vi nc xit , t fna de ii oft Commisone mus beafr d.La v. lbrzz 368F. 640(t Ci. he i l cson he si r t fime ws Cee e e, 2d 4h r 1 .Sttdbrety,s tnta e de ehasbe ndetneda s hrlva e de e c i rng 966) ae i l ubsa il vi nc e i s uc ee nt vi nc , onsdei t r co d a a whol ,a m i htbe f he e r s e s g ound a qua e t s ppo ta co l i by a r as bl m i de t o u r nc us on e ona e nd. Riha ds v. r e ,402U. 389, (971 . c r on Peals S. 400 1 ) The pl i if Fr nk Thom a Li nhoke , r,wasbor o J nua y 3,1 4,a e nt ly a ntf , n s nke r J. n n a r 96 nd ve ua l c pl t t ni h gr de i s hool M r Li nho rha be n e pl d a a w a e us w or r om e ed he nt a n c . . nke ke s e m oye s r ho e ke , ha ym a buidi m ai e nc w or r f pr pa a i n wor r a pa nt r H e l s w or d i nd n, l ng nt na e ke , ood e r to ke , nd i e . a t ke n 2008. O n A pr l25, 2009,M r Li enhoke f l d a a i a i f a pe i of di a lt a 1 i . nk r ie n pplc ton or r od s biiy nd 1The Admi sr i Law J nitatve udge f ound t al ofpl ntf wor ac i t afe hi dat ofaleged hat l ai irs k tviy tr s e l dia lt onstwa G nuns c e sul k atmp . ( 1 . s biiy e s 6 a u c s f wor te t' TR 2) ' dia lt i ur nc be f .Pli ifale d t thebe media e f ra lf m sofs t tal s biiy ns a e ne hs antf lge ha ca s bld o 1 or ubsan i ga nf em pl e on D e m be 31 i ul om nt ce r ,2007, due t di t , d a tc ne opa h de e s on, o abe es i be i ur t y, pr s i ca di c a pr e s di zy s ls a l t epr e s zM r Li nho rnow m a nt i t t r ovas ul r obl m , z pe l , nd ef kne obl m . . nke ke i a ns ha he hasr ai d diabl d t t pr e ttm e. Ther c d r vea st tpl i i fm e t i ur d s a us em ne s e o he es n i e or e l ha a ntf t he ns e t t r qui e en soft A c t ough t s ond qua t rof2008, nott r fer Se g n. 42 U . C. e rm t he t hr he ec re but he ea t . e, e , S. j 41 ()a d 4 3 a. Co s q e ty M r Like h k ri e t ld t a p ro o ds blt a d j 6 i n 2 () n e u n l, . n n o e s ni e o e id f ia ii n t y dia lt i tr nc be ft onl i he hasesabls t the be n e dia ed f a 1f r of s biiy nsla e ne is y f t ihed ha cm s bl or l o ms s t nta g nf e pl e t w ihi t m e ni oft A c , orbe or Jm e30, ubs a i l ai ul m oym n , t n he a ng he t on f et 2008.Se g , e en. 42U. C.j423( . S. a) Pl i t f sc ai w a d e a n if l m s eni dupon i ta c i r tona r c i r to Het nr quesed nii l ons de a i nd e onsde a i n. he e t a r eve ad novohe rngandrviw befr a Admi srtveLa J nd ec i d ai ee oe n nitai w udge.I a o ni daed n n pi on t M a c 1 2011 t La J r h 8, , he w udgea s r l t tM r Li nhoke wa no dia e The La J lo ued ha . nke r s t s bl d. w udge f ound t t prort t t nni ton ofi u e sa us M r Li ho rs f r d f om obe iy, e r ha , i o he e na i ns r d t t , . nken ke uf e e r s t s ve e de ne a i n oft m e a m e s usoft l f kneew ih m e ale r i a bul ,de ne a i ge r t o he di l ni c he e t t di xtus on nd ge ge r tve die ea i e a dea s as nd ntm l rngeme oft l tkne a dibeesmelt .( 1 .TheLa J nt he ef e, nd a t lius TR 3) w udge no e t tpl ntf w a s i t be s f rng f o di be i ne opa h s m e m ont a t rt r i t o t d ha ai i f s a d o uf e i ' m a tc ur t y o r hs f e e m na i n ofi urd saus ( 1 ) Bec us oft e i r nt,t Law J ns e tt . TR 3 . a e hes mpaime s he udgedee ne t tMr tnni d ha . Li nhoke be a edia e f a1 ofhi pa tr l va wor r espro t t t r nai ofhi nke r cm s bld or 1 s s e e nt k ol ir o he e mi ton s i ur saus ( 1 .Ho ve ,heLa J gef t tpli ifrti ds tce f to ns ed tt . TR 9) we r t w ud ound ha antf eane ufi int uncinal ca ciyfralmie rngeofsde aywor a tviyona beor J 30,2008.( 1 ) The pa t o i td a e ntr k ci t nd f e une TR 7 . Law Judge as ed M r.Li sess nkenhoker sr i ' esdualf i unctonalcapaciy asf l s: t olow 2Att admi sr i hea i , pl ntf amendedhi applcatont r l analegeddiabiiyons t he nitatve rng ai if s i i o etect l s lt e daeofAp i 1 200 ( 29 31 . t rl , 6. TR - ) 2 Afe c r ulc i r ton oft e tr r o d,hi Ad i sr tveLa J tr a ef onsde a i he n ie ec r t s m nitai w udgefnds i t t t o h t da e l s i m ed, he cl i a ha t r s dua f t o lca ciy ha , hr ug he t a t ns t a m nt d he e i l unc i na pa t t pef m sdentr wor a d i d i 20 CFR 404. 67*,wiht f l ng o ror e a y k s efne n 15 4 t he olowi e e i : t c a m a co d s a a wal 2 hot si a 8 hol wor y, ul xc ptons he l i nt ul t nd nd k l n n r z r kda co d pe f m lm ie pus ng/ lng w ih t l f l r e r m iy,c d no pe f m r or i t d hi puli t he e t owe xte t oul t r or c awlng or clm bi of l er ,r s or s a f ds c d pe f m occ sonal r i i ng add s ope , c fol , oul ror ai clmbi ofrmpsorsar,c d pef m ohe posurl occ i l ( a , i ng n tis oul ror t r t as asonaly balnce knee,soopa couc ,oul no wokaoundha r o onvi ai s fc , l t nd r h)c d t r r zads r brtng ura esand c d no pe f w or t kst tr r d drvi a ve c e oul t r onn k as ha equie i ng hi l . ( 1) TR 7 . Gi n s h ar sdual unci nal pa iy, nda trc i rngpli ifsa e ve uc e i f to ca ct a fe onsde i antf ge, ducai n, nd to a prorwor e ince a welast si i k xpere , s l e tmonyfom avoc to l xpe qt La J r ai na e r he w udgehel t tpl i if d ha antf r t i d s t i ntfmc i lc pa t t pe f nn s ve als cii s de a y wor r ese si i e ane ufk e t tona a ciy o ro e r pe fc e nt r k ol xitng n sgnii a nlmbe i t naina ec mya alee n tmesona bef eJ 30, i tc nt l rn he to l ono t lrlva t i nd or une 2008.( 1 . TR 9) Ac or ngl t La J euli t l co l d t tM r Li nhoke wasnot s bld, ndt t c di y, he w udg tma ey ncude ha . nke r di a e a ha he i no e ild t ape i ofdia lt ordia lt i ur ebe tt.( 20) See20C. R.j s t ntte o rod sbiiy sbiiy ns anc neis TR . F. 40 1 g .TheLa J sopi onwa a edast tnal ii ofheCommiso rbyt 4.520() w udge' ni s dopt he i decson t sine he Soci l Se liy A d i sr ton' Appe s Counci. Ha ng e us e a la ia e a i sr tve a ctrt m ni t a i s al l vi xha t d l va l bl dm ni ta i r e e ,M r Li nhoke hasnow a a ed t t s c t em di s . nke r ppe l o hi our . W hie pl i if m a be di a e f r c r a n f m s of e pl ent t c uc a f d ua l a ntf y s bl d o e t i or m oym , he r i l a l de e m i ton i w he he pl i ifwasdi a e f a 1f t r na i s t r a ntf s bl d or l onnsofs t talga nf le pl ent Se ubsan i i u m oym . e 42 U. C.j423( ( .Theeaef eeme sofpr whihmus bec i r di ma ngs h S. d)2) r r our l nt oof c t onsde e n ki uc a a ay i. Th s ee n saes mma ie a f lo : ( )o j cieme ia fc sa d ciia n n lss e e lme t r u rz d s olws 1 be tv d c l a t n l c l n fndn s ( t o no a dc n l ins fte t gp ysca s ()s be tv e ie c o ph sc l i ig ;2)he piins n o cuso o r ai h iin ; 3 u j ci e vd n e f y ia n ma f ttonsofi ime s a de ci t oughacli ntstsi niesai mpar nt, s s rbed hr ama ' etmony;and ( t cli nts 4) he ama ' e u ai n v c to a hitr , e iu ls il, n a e Vie v F n h 4 8F.d 1 5 ,1 5 - 0(t d c to , o ain l so y rsd a k l a d g . tk . i c , 3 2 1 7 1 9 6 4h s Ci.1 ) Undewo v. biof,298F. 85 8 ( hCi.1 . r 971; r od Ri c f 2d 0, 51 4t r 962) A fe a r vi w of t r co d i t s c s t c t i c t a ned t c ude t t t tr e e he e r n hi a e, he our s ons r i o oncl ha he Co m i s one ' tna de s on i s m s i r s i l ci i s uppor e by s t nta e d nc W hie pl ntf hasbe n te t d td ubs a i l vi e e. l ai if e rae f orava i t phys c difc te ove heye r , hem e c l e dcl a l es a i hest pl ntf s r e yof i al f i uli s rt a st di a r cor e r y t bls hat ai i f m os s rous pr em s c i t of s r dege r ton i hi l f kne and di be es m e lt w ih t ei obl ons s eve e ne a i n s e t e a t lius t di be i ne opa hy. The te i physci ns who a e s d pl i tf s kne pr e s dur ng t a tc ur t r atng ia ddr s e a n if e obl m i he m o hsi m e a el prort t t r i t o ofpl i if s i ur s a us f l t tM r Li hoke nt m di t y i o he e m na i n a ntf ns ed t t , e t ha . nken r c ddo s de a ywo kdes t t s ve ede ne a i die ea i e a de a me i t l f oul e ntr r pie he e r ge r tve s as nd nt m l r nge nt n he e t kne Durngt ss mepe i ate tngo t pa dit ne ha pli ifc dbeex c e t r tun e. i hi a rod, r a i rho e s opi dt t antf oul pe t d o e t' t hi r gul rw or a t ra s gi a pr edu e A sf pl i tf s di be e ,a doc o w ho fr ts w M r o se a k fe ur c l oc r . or a n if a t s tr is a . Li rhoker s m e tm e a tr t nni ton of i ur d s a us opi d t t pl ntf s ne opa h ha nke l o i fe e na i ns e t t ne ha ai i f ur t y d r s t i t a dia lt a las ase ryasAprl1 2006.Ne rhe e s ba e ont abs nc ofa e uled n otl s biiy t e t a l i , ve t l s , s d he e e ny m e c lnot ton ofs ver a de lt tng ne o t pr ort t t r i ton ofi ur s a us t di a ai e e nd biia i ur pa hy i o he e m na i ns ed t t , he c t be i ve t t t Adm i s r tve Law J our le s ha he ni t a i udge pr pe l di c m t d t s m e ca opi o o ry s ot e hi di l ni n. Co i erng t r porsoft e physci nsw ho di t e tM r Li nho m i rt t t r i ton of ns d i he e t hos ia d ra . nke ker o o he e m na i hi i ur sa us and i m edi t y t e f e ,t c tbe i ve t tt r c d s s ns ed t t , m a el her a t r he our le s ha he e or uppor s t La t he w J udge' fndi ofr sdualf tonalc ct f a lm ied r nge ofs de a y wor aci t The s i ng e i unc i apa iy or i t a e nt r k tviy. cou talo fnds t tt A dm i s r tve La J e pr pe l r le on t t s i ony ofa voca i na r s i ha he nit a i w udg o ry e i d he e tm to l e p r i a s si p anifsc p ct f rwo k d n t ep ro i whih plitf sile j y d x e t n se sng litf a a i o r mi g h ei d n c an if tl n o e y i tr s at A ccor ngl t cour concl nszed t us. di y, he t udest t tnaldeci on oft Com m i i hat he s si he ssonerdenyi ng 4 pl ntf ' e il ment t be ft i s ai ifs ntte o ne is s uppo td by s t ntal e de . I f l re ubsa i vi nce t olows t t t ha he Co m i s one ' tnalde i i m us be a fr e m si rs i c s on t f i m d. M r Li nhoke ha ahit r ofkne pr blm s OnDe mbe 22,1 . nke r s so y e o e . ce r 994, aitf t r nt pl n if mde we a t os opi s ge y oft l R kne Ther a t r he di r as bl w e luntlM a c 2, r hr c c ur r he e e. e fe , d e ona y l i r h 2008, he w n h sip da wo ka drij rdtek e .Th ra tr p anifsw Dr Darl F. wld e Ba e e lp e t r n en u e h n e ee fe , litf a . rel Po e g . sd on a clni a e l i oft l tkne ,Dr Po l dg opi d t tM r Lil nhoker c d w or i a i c l va uaton he ef e . w e e ne ha . rke oul kn ûsti ' ii ( 333) sitng'poston. TR . A fe a e m i to on M a c 1 2008 D r Ar htrSl ught rdi nos l t t r n xa na i n r h 3, , . t t a e ag ed ef knee s a n a pr i nd hn ti sri DrSlughtrsae ha MrLi rhoke c dperonnt ido msrng tan. . a e ttdt t . nkel r oul f d t wnwor onl '( s k y.' TR 328 .AnMRIonAprl1 2008rve e sveede neai die s a i ena deange ntoft ) i , e ald e r ge rtve s a e nd ntr l r me he l tknee. ef D r G e g Henni a orho di s i ls , xa i d M r Li . or e ng, n t pae c pec a it e m ne . nkenhoke on A prl23, r i 2008. Bas d ont M RI Dr H e lng di gnos d s ve em e s usd a a ar t ed ACL.D r Henni e he , . mi a e e r ni c nm ge nd up ur . ng r co m e d a t os pi s ge y, nd r om m e d t tM r Li nhoke notr t t w o k untl e m nde rhr co c ur r a ec nde ha . nke r e um o r i a trt slgey.( 291. fe he tr r TR ) I s t bas d on t r por sfom t doc or w ho s w M r Li nhoke i t m ont pror n hor , e he e t r he t s a . nke r n he hs i t t t r i to of pl i if s i ur s a us t c tfnds t t pl ntf s f r d f o s ve e o he e m na i n a ntf ns ed t t , he our i ha ai if uf e e r m e r d f ton i t l f kne H o e r no doc or s ys unc i n he e t e. w ve , t ugge t d t tt c ton w a s s r a t s e ha he ondii s o eve e s o r ende pl i if t a l di a e f a 1 f r s o w or l d,t o of t doc or w ho e i r a ntf ot ly s bl d or l o m f k. ndee w he t s xnm ned pl i ifs c fc ly de enni t the c ul pe f m w o k a tviy i a s at d poston. The c t a ntf pe i i a l t ned ha o d r or r ci t n e e ii our agreest her t fom Dr. enni Dr.Sl hatt epors r H ng, aught , D r Pow l er and . edge s upportheCom m i i ' t ss oner s fndi t M r.Li i ng hat nkenhoker r ai s tci f i et ned ufi ent unctonalcapaciy t engage i cert n sedent y t o n ai ar w or actvii atal rel k i tes 1 evanttm esprort t t i i ofhi i tr s at . i i o he erm naton s nsled t us Pli if sdibe es a hema f sa i ofhi di bees pr e as a ntf ' a t , ndt nie ttons s a t , es nt omewha c os qu ton. t l er esi M r Li nhoke hasbe n t e t f e e t d bl s rl ve sa l s s nc 2006. O n N o m be . nke r e r a ed or l va e ood uga e l t ea t i e ve r 6,2008,he wa d a s i gnos d wih dibe e melius tpe I. Si e t ttm e,s ve a doc or ha e t a t s lt y l nc ha i e r l t s ve pr de tea m e tf t c r l d di t a s ve e pe i he a ne lo t ovi d r t n or m ontole abe es nd e r r p r l tr pa hy. D r G e g W a rbega t e tng M r Li nhoke i l t 2008. Att ttm e,Dr W a r . or e gne n rai . nke r n ae ha i . gne di gnos d di be esm e lt , a e a t lius hype tns o a di be i neur pa hy. D r W a ne c i d t tea re i n, nd a tc o t . g r ontnue o r t pl i ifon ar a bass Asouti d a antf egulr i . lne bove,o Aug t20,2009,Dr W a rpr duc d tndi n us . gne o e i ngs w hi h s c ugge tt tM r Li nhoke had be m e dia e d t di betc ne o t a l as ase ry s ha . nke r co s bl d ue o a i ur pa hy t e t a l asAprl1 2006, o et nt a one- fye r pro oDr W a rsfrte i , m r ha wo nd hal a s irt . gne ' is xami to of antfl nai n pli it H ow e r de pie Dr W ag r sopi o t cou t le st t heA d i s r i La l ve , s t . ne ' ni n,he r be i ve ha t m nitatve w udgepr ry ope l de er i d t tpl ntf s ne opa hy d d notr a h a di a i l ve of s ve iy a a tm e o or t m ne ha ai i f ur t i ec s blng e l e r t t ny i n be or J 30,2008. Si pl s a e whie M r Li nhoke w a s e on a r gul ba i b s ve al f e une m y t t d, l . nke r s en e ar s s y e r di f r ntphys c a dtrng t m o hs prort t t r i ton o hi i ur s a us no exa i ng fe e i i ns zi he nt i o he e m na i f s ns ed t t , m ni phys c a ls e t ndi orclni lm a f t i of s ve e a diablng di betc ne opat l i i n i t d i ngs i ca niesatons e r nd s i a i ur hy. n s hcr m sa s t c ti nobassf rove tr ngt La l uc icu tnce ,he our fnds i o ru ni he w udge' a s s m e of hem e c s s e s nt t dial e de e, t de s on t tpl i tf sdi be i ne opa h s m pl ha notpr es e t a di a i vi nc or he ci i ha a n if a tc ur t y i y d ogr s d o s blng l lofs ve iy on o be or J 30, eve e rt r f e une 2008. Ba e on a fndi of di a lt f pa t r l nt wor a i o de t a s s pl i t f s sd i ng s biiy or s e eva k, nd n r r o s e s a n i f c pac t t pe f m alem a e w or a tviy t A dm i s r tve La J a iy o r or t t k c i t , he nit a i w udge r le on t s i ony f o e id e tm rm a voc t o lexpe tgi n a t ad i sr tve he r ng. I ques i ng t e r ,t Law J a i na r ve t he m ni ta i ai n toni he xpe t he udge pr opounded det l hypot i ques i whi assl ed avaret aied hetcal tons ch lm i yofphyscallm i i and whi i i Gtons, ch mir ma ofpli ifsown c ant a hi r iualfmci c pa t ( 56- . I ror ny antf ompli s bout s esd t tonal a ciy. TR 57) n r pons t voca i le r i ntte s ve al pe ii w or r e i w hi h M r Li nho rc d es e, he tona xpe t de ii d e r s c f c k ol s n c . nke ke oul ha bee e td t pef m. ( 57- ) ta ast t c tt t voc tonale r' ve n xpece o ror TR 58 .I ppe r o he our hat he ai xpe ts e l to a hea s p i nst de w hi ht e r de i r t d, r bot e ona e a c it nt va ua i n, ndt s um t o m r c he xpe t lbe a e a e hr ms bl nd ons s e wih t e de e of r c d. Thus t c tc l s t t t La J e' c i a i oft t he vi nc e or , he our onc ude ha he w udg s onsder ton he voc tona f c o si a s s a i l a t r s l o uppored by s t ntale de . t ubsa i vi nce On a al t t s co t pl i if a g s t t t A dm i s r tve La J ppe o hi ur , a ntf r ue ha he ni t a i w udge i pr pe l m o ry di c ed t c edi lt oft tm ony gi n b pl ntf a t a i s r tve he r ng.l i t u t t s ount he r biiy esi ve y ai i f t he dm ni t a i a i t s r e ha a t tm e oft a i s r tve he r ng on J nua y 27,2011 M r Li nhoke de c i phys c l t he i he dm nit a i ai a r , . nke r s rbed ia m a f s a i w hi hco d ber a ona ye c e or ul i ot ld s biiye n f s de a y l vel ni e t tons c ul e s bl xpe t dt es t nt a i a lt ve or e nt r e s ofwor l ed,by t spoi ti tm e,a gi n Dr W a r sm e ca r por,t r i s t nta k. nde hi n n i nd ve . gne ' di l e t he e s ubs a i l r s n t be i ve t tpl i if s di be i neu o hy had pr r s d t a di ablng l ve ofs ve iy. ea o o le ha a ntf a tc r pat og es e o s i e l e rt H ow e r t c t a e t tpl i if s t s i o doe not t nd t e t bls t t hi di be i ve , he our gr es ha a ntf ' e tm ny s e o s a i h ha s a tc ne opat c tt t orc rbut d t a o r l di a lt a a tm e prort t t r i ton ofhi ur hy ons iu ed onti e o n ve a l s biiy t ny i i o he e m na i s i tr s a uson J 30, nsled t t une 2008.l e a 1 t e de e i t sca e i l ng m e ca r porsa nde d, l of he vi nc n hi s , nc udi di l e t nd 1 y t tm ony,s a es i ugges s t t M r Li nhoke ' prm a y pr e dtrng t s e r i pe i o tm e t ha . nke r s i r obl m zi hi a ler r od f i co i t d ofm ec ni a dys u ton i hi l tkne The c tdoe notpe ce ve a e or i t ns s e ha c l f nc i n s ef e. our s r i ny n' n he A dm i s r tve La J nit a i w udge' de e na i no t r l t a 1 pl i tf ' t s i on bac t t pe i s t nui ton t o e a e l of a n if s e tm y k o he rod i whih h sile j y d i u e sau . On e a an,t e me ia r c r s g e t t a t e n c e tl no e ns rd tt s c gi h dc l e o d u g ss h t h A dm i s r tve La J ni t a i w udge w a c r e ti de lni t do s s o r c n c i ng o o. Fort r s nss a ed, he c t onc ude t tt Com m i s one ' tnalde i i i t sc s he ea o t t t our c l s ha he s i rs i c s on n hi a e is s uppor e by s t nta e de e. Ac r ngl t fnalde s on oft Com m i s one m us be td ubs a i l vi nc co di y, he i ci i he si r t af im ed. I af i i t adm i s r i deci i t courtdoesnots fr n frm ng he nit atve s on, he ugges t M r Li t hat . nkenhoker was f e ofa1 pa n,di c f t a phys c dys unc i e n durng t pe i i w hi h he s il re l i s om or , nd i al f ton, ve i he r od n c tl 7 e j y dis rdsaus W ih u q e to plitf e p re c dpr be wi slfk ed rn ti n o e n u e tt . to t u sin, an if x ein e o lms t e t ne u ig h s hhi e le pe i oftm e w hi pr nt d pe f r a e ofa hi m or t n s nt y l vel ofw or ari r rod i ch eve e r o m nc nyt ng e ha ede ar e s k aci t Heha as beg m t de o di tcpr e whih woul e nt ly l dt sgni nt tviy. d lo t o velp abei obl ms c d ve ual ea o i fca i pa r e i hi e r m ii .H o e r i m us a i benot dt t hedoc or w ho t e t d pl ntf s m i m nt n s xt e tes w ve , t t ga n e ha t t s r a e ai i f l tkne dtrng t c ii alpe i oftm e cl a l be i ve t the c d,or s n woul r t n t ef e li he rtc r od i e r y le d ha oul oo d, e ur o rgulrwor aci t l mus bercog ze t tt i biiyt do wor wiho any s j tve e a k tviy. t t e ni d ha he na lt o k t ut ub eci di co f r doe notofis l r nde acl i a t a l diabl d. Cr g v. t r 76 F. 585, s m ot s t e f e r a m nt ot ly s e ai Cha e , 3d 59495 ( t Ci. 9 6 .Onc a an,t p e r t tec u th t h Ad nsrtv La J d ec nsd rdal 4h r 1 9 ) e g i ia p as o h o r ta t e mi itaie w u g o i ee l o t es b e tv fco sra o a l s p o tdb t eme ia rc r i a j dc tngp an ifscam f h u j cie a t r e s n by u p re y h d c l e od n du iai litf li f be tt .I f l t t l a t of heCommi sone ' fna decsona es or neis t olows ha a1f ces t s i rs i l ii r uppore bys tnta td ubsa il e denc vi e. A sa g r lr l r ol i ofc l c si t e de e i a m a t rw ihi t pr nceoft ene a u e, es uton onti t n he vi nc s te t n he ovi he Com m i s o re n i t co t i tr ol t co lc sd f e e l li ha ds v. r e ,s a' s i ne ve f he ur m gh es ve he nf i t i f r nty. t c r on Pe al s upr , Opoen i v.Fi h,495 F. 396 ( h Ci.1 4) Fort ras saed,t co tfndst hem nc 2d 4t r 97 . he e ons tt he ur i he Com m i s o rs r ol i of t pe t t c l c s i t r c d i t s c e t be s s i ne ' es uton he ri nen onti t n he e or n hi as o uppor e by td s t tale denc A c or ngl t fna dec s on oft Com m i s one m us be a tr e La s ubsan i vi e. c di y, he i l i i he si r t fi m d. w v. lb e z , u r .Ana p o raej d me t n o d rwilb e tr dti d y. Cee rz e s p a p r p it u g n a d r e l e ne e h s a The c e k i die t d t s nd c r ii c esoft sopi o t a lc l r s r c e o e e tfed opi hi ni n o l ouns lofr or e ec d. D ATED :Thi 31 tda ofOc obe ,201 s s y t r 2. j ' Chi U nied St esD it i Judge ef t at s r ct 8