-RSB Keystone v. Director, D.O.C., No. 7:2012cv00018 - Document 20 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 08/29/2012. (kab)
Download PDF
ra pprs oFFl t, Dlm cour c: l s s. ATRoA- E,A qo< V F1 ED i ' I TH E UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FO R TH E W E STER N D I STRI OF VI G I A CT R NI R O A N O K E DIVISIO N AL 2! 2 1 C 22 JUL G. DUDL , CLEM sy: . R AN D ALL J.K EY STO N E, l j D G CA SE N O .7: 2CV 00018 1 Pe i i r t tone , M EM OM ND U M O PI O N NI VS. D I EC TO R , . . , R D O C. By: Jam e C.Tur s k Se or U ni e St esD i t i tJudg ni t d at sr e e R espondent . Ra lJ. e t ndal K ys one, Vi g ni i a e pr ce di pr K , ie t spe ii n f a w rto a r i a nm t o e ng o f l d hi tt o or i f . h b a c r u , u s a tt 2 U. C. 2 5 c l n i t ev ldt o hi c n ie n o a e s o p s p ru n o 8 S. j 2 4, hal gng h aiiy f s o fn me t n e co ci f co muni a i at ea by l ter Ther s nvitons or m c tng hr t et . e ponde fl d am oto t dimis a nt ie in o s s , nd Ke t r ponde m a ng t m at rrpef diposton.Afe r viw oft pla ngsa ysone es d, ki he te i or s ii tr e e he e di nd t r c d,t cour gr t t m oto t dimis he e or he t an s he i n o s s . I A gr j yoft Cic tCour f W ieCo y/ t ofNoron,Vigi a,eur da and ur he rui tor s unt ciy t r ni rt ne n i cm e on Oc o r1 2009,c r ngRa l Ke wih s ve c mt ofknowi y ndit nt t be 9, ha gi ndal yes t e n ot s ngl 7 393 co mmuni tngat e tbylte,i vi ai ofVigi aCo j 1 2- 1 ( as N o.109- ) cai hra etr n olton r ni de 8. 60. C e . Pe ii ne wr e t t Cicui Co t a s ng t thi l ga na e w a Ra lK e t 2and tto r ot o he r t ur , dvi i ha s e l m s ndal ys one as ng t c t o s lhi na t twa Ke t nea hi c ki he our t pel s me ha y. yso nd s ouns ltld s emotonsunde e ie om i r ' The lte whi wer t bas f t echa gesar notpal oft sat cour r or , The e trs ch e he es or hes r e 4 he t e t ec d i ct e ,t si aton off ct ,andt pl c l ndi m nt he tpul i a s he ea oloquy and s enci tans i sdo noti ude ent ng r crpt ncl i or i aboutt l t s t nat e oft t ea s ort whom t t eat wer dieced. nf maton he eter , he ur he hr t , o he hr s e r t 2 Ke t nea tc e a a e hiit hi j2 4p ttonado ume fo Do c e trCo t yso ta h s s n x bt o s 25 eii c nt r m r h se uny, Sout Car i dat Sept m ber21 1 tted tor rf Changi Adul' Nam e' whi appear t h olna, ed e , 995, il t de or ng ts ,' ch so ha g a e Ke es rque t oc a ehi l tna t Ke tne ( ke Enr (ç ' 14 p.8) ve rntd y ' e s t h ng s as me o yso . Doc t ty G ) - , . DE' Ke tnea misi alte t t Cic tCo t ud ed tdNo mb rl , 9, owe e ,ha whe he yso d t n e tr o he rui urj g ae ve e 9 200 h v r t t n wasaresed i 1 on t c r cha ges hedi notha pr oft nam e c r t n 998 he urent r , d ve oof he hange,andt char he ges wer i ued bas on hi pr ouscrmi r or undert na e ikeyes. e ss ed s evi i nal ec d he m ç l ' ' ten meKe so e a dt ej d esg ds mep o o e o d r u igt t mei CaeNo. h n y t n , n h u g ine o r p s d r e s sn ha na n s 10 393. On M a c 9,201 K e t pl de guit t tve oft s ve c m t , s ntt a 7 9rh 0, ys one ea d ly o i he e n ot s pur ua o wrte plaa e menti ac ne guit plaandsntncngheai ( 14, 9- 8. itn e gr e n ombi d ly e e e i rng. DE - pp. 1 ) Afe frtsai t syl oft c eas( tr is t tng he t e he as t mon alh ofVigi ave s Ra lKe s't Com we t r ni r us ndal ye ,'he j d esae ,s'rter c r , s i ç y s -ti i a t al Ke tne rg t An t a s o l u g ttd Es h e o d 1 ad Ke e ' h s s cu l yso , ih ? d h t h ud lo y bec nge i t s tm.l' silKe si ours tm. ( rngTr ci (t .)3, a . ha d n he yse ts tl ye n yse ' Heai ans rpt û ' M r 9, ' Tr ' 201 ) 0. Unde oah a t guly plaa s nt i he rng,Keyso t tfed t theha r t t he it e nd e encng a i t ne esii ha d r c i dawrte touesi mar f Pe s Enei Pl sofGuit 't theha a wee a1 e eve itn t tol ie or rons trng ea ly,'ha d ns rd 1 t eq e to so t q e to ar tuh ul a d h dsg e i.( . ) l t i d c me t h u si n n he u sinn ie rt f l n a in d t Tr 4. n h s o u n, y, Ke t ne sae t theupde sood t ma m u punihm e f hi c i wa 25 ye r i yso t td ha r t he xi m s nt or s rmes s asn prs a t tt c twa no bound b a a e me bewe n t de e nta t ion nd ha he our s t y ny gr e nt t e he f nda nd he Co n at .( 14 pp 5 6) Ke so eas a f me ta h u eso dh wa wavn mmo we 1h DE - , . - . y tn lo fi d h t e nd rto e s i ig r h srg t ob tidb aj r , i rg t oc n rn a dco se mi wi e s s a dhsrg to i ih t e re y u y hs ih t o fo t n r s-xn ne t se , n i ih t n def ndhi e f He a fr e t theha decde t pl a guit f hi s fa t thewa e ms l. fim d ha d i d o e d ly or m el nd ha s e e i hi pl a ofguit bec us he w a guit oft c i e c r d. nt rng s e s ly a e s ly he rm s ha ge Ke t t sii d t thehad r d,unde sood,a sg t wrtenpla a e m e t ysone e tfe ha ea rt nd i ned he it e gr e n . ( .4. Thesyl oft tpewrte pl a e me i t rc di çCo nwe t of Tr ) t e he y - itn ea gre ntn he e or s ç mmo a1h Vigi av.Ra lJ k Ke s'butt wor ç yes' sc os e outandt wor t ysone' r ni ndal ac ye y ' he d t Ke 'i r s d he d ç t ' Ke i hand itnbesdei.( 14, 1) Theplaa r e nt whihi sgnedbyKe t s m te i t DE - p. . e g e me , c s i ysone, Ke t sc e,a t Commo at sAtone a byt til udget i c t t ysone' ouns l nd he nwe lh' tr y, nd he ra j o ndiae he courtsaccept ' ance,cont nsonl t o pr si ai yw ovi ons: t t Com m onw ealh w oul m ove t hat he t d o di m i st o oft s ven c s s w he e ount a K e t w oul s r e t o ye r ,w ih one ye rs pende s nd ys one d ev w as t a us d, o e c o ter mann c u t.Th a r e n e p e sysae ta ç ocruic u tu g h s n a h f h e iig o ns e g e me t x rsl tts h t t ic t o rj d e a n patcpaedi t sag e me 'a t tSgl dee ntpla g lywihoutt e to pr s rii t n hi r e nt' nd ha tthe fnda e ds uit t hra r omies fom a s ceohe t nt spl . ( 14, 1 r ny our t r ha hi ea' DE - p. ) ' The u g a c p e t a r e n a dteg i ype , lngwi t ep ris siu ain j d e c e td he ge me t n h ul la ao t t h a t ' t lto h e p t tt Commonwe t woul ha s fce e d nceofguita Ke t swaveroft ha he alh d ve uf int vi e l nd ysone' i he Co monwe lh' pr e a i ofs h e de e;t Cour t n s nt nc Ke t t fve m at s es ntton uc vi nc he t he e e ed ysone o i yeast sr ,i ac or ewiht plaage me .( .56. TheCour e e e a or r r o e ve n c danc t he e re nt Tr - ) t ntr d n de d t d M a c 9, 0, i ng ç a l J k Key t a k/ Rand lJ k K e ' g ly, ae r h 201 t ndi û nda l ac R s one, / a al ac yes' uit upon g ly pl a ,off ve coun s oft i c m e a s nt i hi t a t t oft n yea s uit e s i t he ndi t nt nd e enc ng m o o al e r' i aceain, t fveye r s pende DE 1- p. ) Byn nc r rto wih i a s us d.( 4, 2. mende or ralodaedM ac 9, d de s t rh 2 0 t til o r p o u c dt es mej d me t g is d n al a k Ke s zVz Ra d l 01 ,he ra c u t r no n e h a u g n a an t d d lJ c ye , 1 1 n al Ra JckKe t ' ( 14,pp.1 21. Keyso di no fl atmey a lfom t s a ysone. DE ' 9- ) tne d t ie i l ppea r he e c o ctons ors nt e . nvi i e enc s 3 On Augus 2,201 Ke t fld i t Cou tofAppe sofVigi a ape ii f t 0, ysone ie n he r al r ni tton or dea da alpurua t Vigi aCodej1 2- . I pe tne pa tj 1 2-21. A) lye ppe s nt o r ni 9. 3211. n ri nt r, 9. 3 1( pr des ovi : W he duet t ew r ne ec , f ul ofc elr pr e i t a lnt ... n, o he l , gl t or a t ouns e es ntng he ppela , oroft cic tc to a ofi ro e oye t r of a a ali a c i i l he r ui our r n fce r mpl e he e , n ppe n rm na c s ha et r()ne be ni tae o (i be ndimisd f f l et a r a e s ihe i ver e niitd; r i) e s se or aiur o dhe e t pr rf m , oc dur s ortm e lm isi t pe f c i oft a o ope or pr e e , i i t n he r e ton he ppea as l r quie by l w orby t Rul s oft Su em e Cour ; he a m oto f l a t e rd a he e he pr tt n i n or e ve o pur ue a de aye a a m a be t l d i t e Co tofAppe s w ihi s x m ont s l d ppe l y i e n h ur al t n i hs atrt a a ha be n ds sedort crui c tudg nts fe he ppe l s e imis he ic t ourj me oughtt be o a a e hasbe m e f na ,whi he ri l t r ...l t e r , ec orf ul i ppe l d co i l c ve s a e . f he r or negl t a t s a l ge t bet tofa a t e r pr e i t a l nt t m oton s l be le d o ha n tom y e es ntng he ppela , he i ha l a c pa ed by t af i vi oft a t ne whos e r r ne ec ,o f ti c om ni he fda t he tor y e r o , gl t r aul s a l ge ve i y ng t s c fc f c saleg i t m o i a ce tf ng t t le d, r f i he pe ii a t l ed n he ton, nd ri yi hat he 3 Un rS r meCo t Vigni Rue5 6 a,anoieo a e mu tbefldwihi t it de up e ur of r i a l A:( ) tc f pp al s ie t n hry d ysfo e tyo tej g n. a rm nr f h ud me t 3 a la i no pe s ly r s ppel nt s t r ona l e ponsbl i whol ori pa t f t e r ,ne e t i e,n e n r, or he ror gl c , o f ul c usng t l soft org na opporuniy f a a . r a t a i he os he i i l t t or ppe l Va. Codej1 2- .( .Keyso camedt tt Cic tCou te eedt a nde or r 9. 3211A) tne li ha he rui r ntr he me d de moet n21d y a trtej d me t o tietetmewh nt Co r rti e j rs it no e r ha a s fe h u g n , u sd h i e he u t ean d u id ci v r o t j d me t nd rS p. . . l 114 Ke so ea s re t theCic tCo r' a n e he u g n u e u CtVa Rue .. y t n s etd ha t rui u ts me d d or rda e M a c 9, 0,ls i hi na e a Ke / e t w ast pe a en e e on t de t d r h 201 itng s m s yesK ysone, y d nd t r d he da eha t ndwrt e o t l e l c ne oft doc m e , t - - 0. A sm ia num be i t n n he ow r eh or r he u nt (5 21 1 ' ' i lr r a ar d on t l ppe e he owerl 4c ne oft l s pa oft orgi ls nt ncng or r 1 11 1 5 ef or r he a t ge he i na e e i de ,t - 0.' 3By or daed Oct r26, 0,heCou tofAppe sde edKeyso smoto an he der t obe 201 t r al ni t ne' i n, d fldapeiin f r he rngonNo mbe 7 201 ( 14, 3 34. l as ondor r ie tto or e a i ve r , 0. DE - pp. 3- ) n ec de, da e J nua y 24,2011 t Co tofAppease e sy f td a r , he ur l xpr s l ound t tt ha ha he ndwrte no ai di il n t tons d notpr t a nde or wase e e on ada edif r ntt n M a c 9,201 f ove he me d der nt r d t fe e ha rh 0, oundnobass i t c l t tKe t sf iur t i tae atm ey a alwa duet any f ul oft Cic t o onc ude ha ysone' a l e o niit i l ppe s o a t he r ui Co torhi couns la s f undno goundf adea eda alunde j 1 2-211A) ur s e, nd o o r or ly ppe r 9. 3 .( . Ke t fl atme ype ii n f am i ofha asc pusi t Supr m eCour of ysone ied i l tto or t be or n he e t Vigi a, c t Cour dimisdbyor rdae J y27,2011.( or No.1 445 ( 7, r ni whih he t s se de td ul Rec d 10 ) DE p . 5 8 . Ke so et e fldh stmey j2 5 p tto .Th c u t a rv e dtep ris p 8 - 9) y tn h n i i i l 2 4 eiin e o r h s e iwe h a t ' e e s iso ,aswela sa ec t e or pr de fom t Cic tCo tofW ie Co y ciy ubm s i ns l s t t our r c ds ovi d r he r ui ur s unt / t ofNoro andt Supr m eCo to Vig ni tn he e ur f r i a. 4 Rul 1: r , i pe t e t r:( lfn j dg nt, r e s a dde re ,re pe t o e 1 eads n ri n pa t W l ialu me s o d r, n ce s i s ci f n r ve t r o c r s l r man u e t c tol teti c ur a s b e t ob modiid, c td, ems f out hal e i nd r he onr of h ral o t nd u j c t e fe va ae or s pended f t y- daysa ert dat ofenty,and no l us or went one ft he e r onger. ' ' 1 1 A . A pplcabl Law i e Fe r c t gr ha a rle ( yont got t t(hepeii r i i c t i deal ours ant be s eif t onl he r md ha t ttonel s n usody n vi ai oft Consiutonorl orteai oft UniedStt . 28U. C.j2254() olton he tt i aws r tes he t aes' ' S. a. Purua t t rf r oft Anttrors a Efe tveDe t Pe lyAc (i s nt o he e oms he ier im nd fci ah nat t ; AEDPA' ,a ' ) fd rl a a c u t yno g a t a a rle é t rs c t a y cam t t sa j dc td e ea h be s o r ma t rn h be s eift h epe t o n li ha wa du iae wi . o t emeis'nsaec u t n e st saec u t du iain( )E eul di ad cso t t n h rt'i tt o r u ls he tt o r a j dc to 1 t s t n e iin ha r e wasc r r t ora unr a ona e a i to of cla l esa ihed Fe r lw,a dee mi d onta y o, n e s bl pplcai n , e ry t bls de al a s tr ne byt Supr Cour oft Unie Stts' 28U. C.j2254( ( ) or( Ees tdi a he eme t he td ae , ' S. d)1 , 2) A ule n r de ii t twa ba e on a unr s na ede e mi ton oft f c si lg oft evi nc cson ha s s d n ea o bl t r nai he a t n i ht he de e p ee tdi t esaec u t o e dn . 28U. C. 2 5 ()2 .Fo t p r o e o 28U. C. r sn e n h tt o r pr c e ig' ' S. j 2 4 d () r he u p s s f S. j2 5 d ( ) a aj dc to o temeisa pl s oal li ta weer a h da dd cd di 2 4()1, n du iain n h rt p i t l cams h t r e c e n e ie n e sa e c t eve i de i d i s m a y f s on. A n t e ona e a i ton' i not t t our , n f c de n um r a hi û as bl pplca i ' s unr s n n mo swiher r ttheq e to u d rAEDPA i no wheh rafd r l o r beiv st y o y u t ro ;t l u sin n e g s t t e e e a c u t l e he e saec tsde e m i ton wa i ore tbu wh t rt tdeer na i wasunr as bl- a tt our' t r na i s nc r c t e he ha t mi ton e ona e s tntal hi rt ehol ' Sc iov. ndi n,550U. 465,473( ubsa ily ghe hr s d. hrr La rga ' S. 2007) C sae . t tt A co tsde e m i ton t tacli l ksm e i pr l sf de alha sr i fs l a f iur' t r na i ha a m ac rt ecude e r bea ele o ong s ar mid dj rssc udd sg e o tec re t s o tesaec u tsd c so ' Harn t nv n e u it o l ia r e n h or cne s f h tt o r' e iin. rico . ' Rihtr 56 U. , ,31S.Ct770,786( 1 ( ti i ena quottons.Re ew oft c e , 2 S. 1 . 201 ) omitng ntr l ai ) vi he saec u tu g n f rra o a ln s i l tdt t erc r b f etesaec u t Culnv tt o rj d me t o e s n be e s s i e o h e o d eor h tt o r. le . mi Pi se,562U. ,1 S.Ct 1388,1 ( ) nholtr S. 31 . 398 2011 . The f alhabeas cour m us al pr um e t cor ect s oft s at cours'f ual eder t t so es he r nes he t e t act fndi unl t pettonerr st spr um pton wih tcl and convi ng evi i ngs ess he ii ebut hi es i t t ear nci dence.' ' j225 e( ) W her t rc dr utspeii rsta t laleg insorot r s prcl s 4()1 . e he e or ef e ttone ' d cua l ato f he wie e ude ' rr ha sr le ,aditi tc ti notr quie t hol a e de ir he i ' sch io,550 U .S. bea ei f src our s e r d o d n vi nta y arng.5 at474. To pr t tcouns ' r pr e a i n w a s de ec i a t r uie r ve s oft ove ha els e es nt to s o f tve s o eq r e r al he c onvi o ors nt nc a pe ii rm us m e tat o- ong s a r s i t tc di n e e e, ttone t e w pr t nda d, how ng ha ouns l s e' d f ciepef r nc r s le i prj dc .S rc ln v. a hn tn, 6U. 6 8 6 7 ee t v ro ma e e utd n eu ie tik a d W s ico 46 S. 6 , 8 ( 9 4 .Frtt ep tto e mus s o ta t u s lsr p e e tto f lb lw a o j cie 1 8 ) is,h eiin r t h w h t to n e' e rs nain el eo n be tv sa z ofr as na e s ,' onsde i cic sa sast y e se a t tm eoft t nda d e o blne s'c i rng r um tnce he xit d t he i he rpr e ain.L=a 65 88.Thepeiine mus o r o asr ngpr s i t tc els e esntto #.t 7tto r t vec me to eumpton ha ouns ' pe f ma ewa wihi t r ngeofc ror nc s t n he a ompe e ede a d fom ator ysde e ngcrmi t nc m nde r t ne f ndi i nal c esa m us i ntf c as nd t de i y ouns l s s c fc ac s o o i s o t ta e a l gedl E he r s tof e ' pe i i t r m s i ns ha r le y t e ul t r as bl pr e s ona c e ona e of s i l onduc .' 1 a 68 90. t' d. t 9- S c nd t s o p eu ie t peiin rmus d mo taeaie s na l p o bit ' e o ,o h w rj d c ,he tto e t e nsr t s a o be r ba l y' r i t tbu f rc else r s t ou c ha t o ouns ' ror , he t ome woul ha bee dif r nt 1 a 694- l t g ly d ve n fe e . d. t 95. n he uit pe c ne t tep tto e s o p eu iebyd mo srt t tto n e' c nsi to al la o tx ,h eiin r h ws rj dc e n tai ha t u s ls o tt in l ng c u y i f ec i pe f m a e af e t d t out om e oft pl a pr s . Hilv.Loc r , 4 U . ne f tve r or nc f c e he c he e oce s' ' l kha t 47 S. 52,58- (985 . Spe fcal t peii rmus s w û r s bl pr biiyt tbutf 59 1 ) ci ly,he ttone t ho 1 ea ona e oba lt ha, or a c ouns lse r s hewoul nothaveplade guit a woul ha i itd on goi t ti l' e ' r or , d e d ly nd d ve ns se ng o ra . ' I . t5 Th p eu ieiq iyrq ie a o j ciea ay i,n lg to tecru tn e te d a 9. e rj d c n ur e ur s n b e tv n lss i ih f h ic msa c s h de e ntwoul havef e a t tm eo hi decson. Hoope v.Ga r y,8 F. 471, f nda d ac d t he i f s ii r raght 45 2d 475 (t Ci.1 (ii Hil474U. a 59) Thus peiine ' ase to i ha a pr e ngs 4h r 988) ctng l, S. t . , tto rs s rin n be s oc edi 5 Alhough Keysone' cl msi t f r pe ii ar noti i i al r pec st t cl ms t t s ai n he ede al tton e dentcal n l es t o he ai asr s i t sa ehabeaspr aied n he t t oceedi ,t r pondentdoesnotar t any pori oft f al ngs he es gue hat ton he eder cl m ss d be dim i ed on gr ai houl s ss oundsofpr ocedur def t The ef e,t cour addr est f r al aul. r or he t ess he ede al camsont me is gvi dee e c u e j2 4 d) oa ycam a j diae b t eSu e Cou to li he rt, i ng fr n e nd r 25 ( t n li d u c t d y h prme r f Vigni a u e j2 44 )t a f csf n b t saec rs r i a nd nd r 25 e o ny a t ou d y he tt ou t. t twoul notha pl ade guit a e s ha d ve e d ly bs nt omeaci oromison by co eli notdecsvea ton si uns s ii nd mus bee l tdi lghtoft rcor a awhol L. l ar viwi c tdeemi st tt t vauae n i he e d s e. da f e e ng our tr ne ha he p tt n rscam fiso et r h t a e' rtet rj dc 'p o o t Src ln /-lts, eii e ' li al n i t e t us'o h t eu ie' r ng f he tika d lile t o he c p l t co tsi r s opst r a t c a m f is Sti kl nd,466 U . a 697. he ur ' nquiy t he e nd he l i a l . r c a S. t B. Di c s on ofC l m s s us i ai Cli () am a Ke t co ansi Cli ( t tt ti c tbya ndi t sntncngor r ysone mpli n am a) ha he ral our, me ng he e e i de mor t n21da atre r o t orgna j e ha ys fe nty f he ii ludgmen t c ng t ca i fom t o ha e he pton r Ke t / ye t Ke x e t ,( )vi ae t plaagee nta ( vi ae Su eme ysoneKe s o yes ysone 1 oltd he e r me nd 2) oltd pr Co r o VignaRul 1 1 Cli ()1 , c wa n te p e syr ie i tesaep tto i u t f r i i e :. am a( ) whih s o x rs l asd n h tt ei n,s i c r di td by t l ngua oft pl aag ee nta t guit pla que tol ie, c onta ce he a ge he e r me nd he ly e s i mar whih . i c t t tt ti co twa notaparyt t ag e me a t ef e, d notbr ac i. ndi ae ha he ral ur s t o he r e nt nd, her or coul e ht M or ove ,t s nt nc t t i lc t m pos d w a e iel c i t ntw ih t pr s onsoft e r he e e e he ra our i e s ntr y ons s e t he ovi i he plaag ee nt a t wrte a r me di noti udeapr so m a ng t pl e r me , nd he it n g ee nt d nol ovii n ki he ea a r e e c i nto t t i lc tsus ofK e t ast prm a y na e f t def nda t g e m nt ontnge n he ra our ' e ys one he i r m or he e n i tec pino t j dg n o d r n h a t f he u me t r e. o Cli ()2 ,algi avi ainofasaec tul,doe notpr en af rlquesin. am a() le ng olto tt our r e s es t edea to V i a i nsofs a e l w t tdo no i plc t a f de alrghtdo nots a e a gr m d f r f de a ol to t t a ha t m i a e ny e r i t t ny ot o e r l e sac habe sr le. SeeEngl v Ia ,456U. 1 11 ( 98 .Se alo 28U. C.j22544 a eif6 S. 07, 9 1 2) e s S. /) . (ut i ngf r ha srle onl wheepeiine s a horzi edeal bea eif y r tto r howshei tnc t i vi ai of s s usody n olton i t Consiui orlwsorteaisoft UniedStts'.Fort sae ras ,t c ur he ttton a r te he t ae ' ) he ttd e ons he o t ga st motont dimisast bohpo tonsofCli ( . rnt he i o s s o t ri am a) 6 TheSu r meCo t Vigni rj ce teRue 1 lpo tono Cli ( )up tn n t ti pe ur of r i a ee t d h l : ri f am a on i dig ha t di no saea cam f rha e sc p rle b c us aj diil tr nai o t is ei d t t t ny li o b a or us eit e a e u ca deemi ton f he s u n Ke tnesf v rwoudno a f ttelgai o hi c sod ( 7 p 8 - 6. yso ' a o l t fec h e ly f s u t y. DE , p. 5 8 ) t Cl ms( ai b) Li rlyc tu Ke t sfdea Cli ( rie t contntons ()t t beal onsr ed, ysone' e rl am b) as s wo e i : 1 ha cou ele r ousy a s d Ke t t ti hepl a d g ly, ysonewoul bet i ta ns rone l dvie ysone ha f e de uit Ke t d he nii l na lse i t ca i ofc tdocune t,a ()t tc elfie t tl amotonfr me itd n he pton our t ns nd 2 ha ouns ald o ie i o dea a a unde Vigi aCodej1 2- .( , s dont a nde or ri whih lyed ppe l r r ni 9. 3211A) ba e he me d de n c Ke t sna swer rves The ecli fi t pr degoundsf r ift rj225 ysone' me e e red. s ams alo ovi r or ele mde 4. I Cl m ( ( )Ke tnealgest ti c elha not1dhi t bele t tt n ai b)1 yso le ha f ouns d e m o ive ha he s nt ncngor woul ls t na e( ysone' is, woul notha sgnedt pl a e e i der d it he m C t 'fr t he Ke d ve i he e a e m e a woul havepr e d t til I i tuet tKe t a kedt ti lco t o gr e nt nd d oce de o ra . t s r ha ysone s he ra ur t a r s hi a Keys o r t rt n Key and t the had c dd e s m s t ne a he ha es ha ouns c el hange t na e ç e s ' he m ç ye ' on K t pl a a e m e t C e t ne ' The r c d a a whol ,ho e r doesnots he e gr e nt o c ys o .' K e or s e w ve , uppor K e t s t ys one' ha a c am t tt c pto oft Cic tCour' o de spl d adec sver e i t g ly be s l i ha he a i n he r ui ts r r aye ii ol n he uit pl aneg itons Thei c me lsedt de e ntsna easSle y a t a nde e ota i . ndit nt it he f nda ' m t yes' nd he me d l ' or rm e e y r l c e t tf c , hie ls i C e t ne' a wel.The pl ag ee e a de r l efe t d ha a t w l i tng t ys o ' s l K ea r m nt nd ques i ie do no i ude any pr vi i gua a e i t tK eys one' na e w ilbe lsed i tonna r t ncl o s on r nt e ng ha t s m l it n an pa tc a w a on co tdoc e s a t pl a a ee e i ca est pl i no ba e on y ri ul r y ur um nt , nd he e gr m nt ndi t he ea s t s d any pr m i e out i t wrte agr e e . The t a c i oft pl a a s nt nc ng he i o s s de he it n e m nt r ns rpt he e nd e e i arng i l ncudesno dic son ofhow Keyso ' na e woul a s us i t ne s m s d ppea i t Cour' or r . TheCour r n he ts de s t m e e y com m e e t tt Cour ' r co d nee d t be c rl nt d ha he ts e r de o hange be us i lsed onl t na e d ca e t i t y he m SKe ,' t Co ts a e ed or r ls i S yesK eysone,' sco i t ntw ih t d yes 'and he ur ' m nd de , i tng û Ke / t ' i ns s e t he Co tsc m e . K eys o f ist pr s nta vi bl de e et the w o d ha pr s nt d a ur ' om nt t ne a l o e e ny a e f ns ha ul ve e e e t tilont sve t c r sagans hi t ha aho ofe c pi aJ sntnc M orove, ra he e n he ha ge i t m o ve pe s a ng ong e e e. e r l te s a ot rdoc e s i t sa e co t ec d i c e K e t sconc r a e t r nd he um nt n he t t ur r or ndi at ys one' e n boutt he 8 l ngt s n e he f c d a hi de iet r a h apl aba g i t r ducet ts nt e, t e hy e t nce a e nd s sr o e c e r an o e ha e enc wihout a m e i ofs h a pl a be ng c tone on lsi K e t a hi pr m ar na e o c t ny nton uc e i ondii d i tng ys one s s i y m n our od r .Th s Ke so e sCli ( ()f i o t ep eu iep o gu d rHi .47 U. a 6 r e s u , y t n ' am b)1 al n h rj d c r n n e l 4 S. t 0 s l (i ignoprj d c wh r peiin rç le e n s e il icu tn e t s p o th f n nd eu ie e e t o e s lg d o p ca cr tusa c s o u p r te t a c l i t the pl ed pa tc a e phas son hi pa ol e i biiy i de di whe he orno onc us on ha ac ri ul r m i s r e lgi lt n ci ng t r t t pladguit ';Hoope,8 F. a 475(i ngt tprj c i uiyunde Hilrquies o e ly') r 45 2d t tndi ha eudie nq r r le r ob e tvea yssofcicumsawe a tmeofpl s wi r s bl pr biiyt tpeii r j ci nal i r tl s t i ea ho ng eaona e oba lt ha ttone woul ha i itdontila e c e' miadviebeor e r ofg lypla .Thec t d ve nsse ra bs nt ounsls s c f e nty uit e ) our ga t t emo int d s s a t Cli ( )1. rn s h to o imis s o am b ( ) TheS p e Co r o Vignadimis dCli ()2 u d rS rc ln u o tn ign u r me u t f r ii s se am b ( ) n e tik a d p n i dn o evi ncet tc elsa to c us Ke t t l ehi rg t a a .A sdic s d, de ha ouns ' c i ns a ed ysone o os s i ht o ppe l s us e K e t s i t a tm el pe ii f de a d a alt tt Cour ofAppe l f ysone ubm ted i y tton or l ye ppe ha he t a s ound t be o w ihoutm e i on s a e l w gr t rt t t a ounds. Thi c t nno s c gue st s a e co tsf ndi t t s our ca t e ond s he t t ur ' i ng ha heha no pr de goundsf adelyeda pe ll rj19. 321.( .Se Esel v. d t ovi d r or a p a mde 2- 1A) e tle M c ie 5 2U. 6 6 - 8( 9 )(i i n t h p o i eo af d rlh b a c u to Gur , 0 S. 2, 7 6 1 91 Ct s o t e r vnc f e ea a e s o r t d re a nesae c u t eemiain o sae lw q e to s'; e as j2 4()2 .Th rf r , e x mi tt-o r d t r n to s n tt-a u sin ' s e lo 25 e( ) eeo e l Ke t c t o s ys one a m t how any r as bl pr biiy t ta c e ona e oba lt ha ouns l pe ii n f r de ay a a o e ed tto o l ed ppe l n t s m e gr he a ounds woul ha r ule i a dif r ntout om e. Thus K e t ne f ist d ve es t d n ny f e e c , ys o a l o d mo sr t p eu ita r q ie u d rSrc ln I a dto , o r a o sds use u d r e n tae rj dc s e u rd n e tika d. n d iin f r e s n ic s d n e Cli () i r,Ke t ha norghtt c eli purui amotonf dea da la s am c ,nfa ysone d i o ouns n s ng i or lye ppea nd o ha no r g t t e f c i a s s a e ofc d i ht o he f e t ve s it nc ouns . See W a n i htv.Tor 455 U . 586,587 el im g na, S. - 58 ( 982)(pe c im)Ct nc r s 81 r ura si e eponde ha noc nsiutona rghtt c e,heco dno nt d o tt i l i o ouns l ul t 9 bede i oft efe tve a ssa eofc prved he f c i s it nc ouns lby hi r t i d co e ' f iur t fl t e s e ane uns ls a l e o ie he a iai tmey') Thec tg a st motont dimisa t Cl m ( ( . pplc ton i l '. our rnt he i o s s s o ai b)2) (l x () zaiu c I Cli () Ke t fulst Co tofAppe l f fii t a ntc e f n am c, ysone a t he ur as or alng o ppoi ouns l or K e t ne' m o i f de a a al n K e t ss a e ha aspr e di , he Su e e ys o s ton or l yed ppe .l ysone' t t be oc e ngs t pr m Co r o Vignarj ce Cli ()a mei e st e Evtsv Lu v 46 U. 38 , 9 ( 9 5 . u t f r i i ee td am c s rt s md r it . c , 9 S. 7 3 3 1 8 ) l TheCour r s dt tbe us tk moto f dea da al( rVa.Codej1 2- .) teaone ha ca e ta) in or lye ppe unde 9. 3211 1sno a i e a patoft s tm f fnal a j c tngt guito i e eofa i t n ntgrl r he yse or i ly dudiai he l r nnoc nc dee nt'' ysonehadnorghtt cot eli purui hi moin frdea a al ( 7, fnda ,'Ke t i o ms n s ng s to o lyed ppe . DE pp 8 - 7 ( u tn Evts 4 9U. a 3 3 Th sc u t n n tre mi tesaec u ts . 6 8 ) q o ig it, 6 S. t 9 . i o r c n o e xn ne h tt o r' de ii t t pos-onvitonpr e ea horz i j 1 2-21. i no dntgrl'ot cson hathe tc ci oc dur ut ied n 9. 3 1 s t i e a't he i a a ofr g a l e t c i i de e nt unde s a e l w . Es e l ,502 U . at67ppe l i ht vaiabl o r m nal f nda s r tt a t le S. 68. M o e r K e t f ist d ons r t t tt s a e c ts l i w a c r r t or r ove , ys one a l o em t a e ha he t t our ' ' ng s onta y o ul a unr a ona e a plc ton ofEvil . A lhough n e s bl p i a i ts t t Cons iuton doesno r quie St t st g a a he tt i t e r a e o r nt ppea s a ofr ghtt c i i l s i o rm nal de e an s s ki t r vi w alege t i c te r r ,i a St t ha c e t d f nd t ee ng o e e l d ral our r o s f a e s r a e a p laec ursa a itg a pat ftegtt 'ls se f rfn lya j dc tn p elt o t s n n e rl r o h saes y tm o ial d u iaig t g l ori e eofade e nt ...hepr e ze us d i de i ng a al he uit nnoc nc f nda , t oc dlr s e n cdi ppe s mus co t mpor wih t de ndsoft DuePr s a Equa Pr eci n Clus s t t he ma he oce s nd l ot to a e oft Co tt i (ncudi t efci asitnc ofc e t c eet t he nsiuton i l ng he fe tve ssa e ouns l o omplt ha a al. ppe l Evit,469U. a 393- ( ti itr lq ai a cttons .A saec tpr e le ts S. t 96 omitng nena uottons nd iai ) tt our oc dtr notti eg a ' t t de e m i ton ofa d enda ' u l o i e ,' tnt r l' o he t r na i ef nts guit r nnoc nce ' howe ,doe no ver s t tig rarg t oc u e.Se to 1 .-211h sn b ai o t a j dc to o t e rg e ih t o nsl cin 92 3 . a o e rng n he d u iain f h def endant' guitor i s l nnocence i hi appealasofrght A tt m ost t s s at e pr desone n s i . he , hi t ut ovi a nue f t de e ntt s e r i t e e ofhi rghtt ap al a t di c e i n oft ve or he f nda o e k e nsat m nt s i o pe , t he s r to he Cour ofAppea son ve y na t l r now ,c s - pe ii c ie i The c tg an s t m oton t di m i s a e s c f c rt ra. our r t he i o s s unde j2254( a t Cli ( . r d) s o am c) Cl m ( ai d) I hi ls j2254cam,Ke t alge t thes d beal dSowihdrw hi n s at li ysone le s ha houl lowe ' t a s t g iyp e a dpla a e i t eo ii l laa re n/e t o d rin'ho r d' ( 1 p. ul la n e d n w,f h rgna pe -g e me tsn . r e s t noe . DE , t ' 7. Thec ttndsnomei t t scam. ) our i rt o hi li S c us ape o g it i as lmn j dca a miso o t etuho tec ag , t a e la f u l s oe ,u iil d sin f h r t f h h r e a Be y prs ne ' rg t c e ti i us ly, no i rbl f ecos d.Vi v.Superntnde t io r s i ht o ont s t s ual but t nva i y, or l e a i e n, Powhaa Cor tona Ce er 6 F. 1 1 ( hCi.1 1 (ii Bl kldcev.Alion, tn reci l nt , 43 2d 67, 71 4t r 98 ) ctng ac e ls 4 U. 6 (9 :.Thed fn a tsG ttme t a ari n n t a fcal d mo srt te 31 S. 3 1 77 ee d n ' t ae ns t rag me t h t a ily e n tae h s vai t ofhi pl a e c usveunl shepr s nt r a onswhy t ss dno bes ' I A ldiy s ea r oncl i es ee s es hi houl t o. d. ' pr s ne m a a t c t va i t ofhi guit pl a onl by s i t tc i o r y ta k he ldiy s ly e y how ng ha ouns l sa c e ' dvi e r r ngt pl af ie t s ts yconsiutona sa r f s h a ce.Tole t He r o ega di he e al d o a if tt i l t nda ds or uc dvi lt v. nde s n, 411U. 258, ( 973) S. 267 1 . K e t s s a e en s durng t guit pl pr ce s hi s a e e sunde oa h t t ys one' t t m t i he ly ea o s - s t t m nt r t o he Cour , w e la t s a e e si t pl a e m e a t guit pl a quesi m a r t as l s he t t m nt n he ea gr e nt nd he ly e tol ie de onsr t t tKe t neknowi y a vol a iy pl de gu ly,pur ua t t pla m tae ha yso ngl nd unt rl ea d it s nt o he e ag e m e ,i or rt a hi ve dim i s oft o c t a a s t nta r r e nt n de o c e s s al w oun s nd ubs a i l educ i oft s nt nc ton he e e e f t r m a ni tve c or he e i ng i ount . K e t s a e u roa h t the w asnotpl adi guit t a s ys one t t d nde t ha e ng ly o ny pr i e out i t m i t pl a a e m e , hi h doesno c a n a pr s on r qui i hi om s s de he ten e gr e nt w c t ont i ny ovi i e r ng s bi t na e and hi l galnam e t be lsed i a pa tc a or ron c tdoc e s The cou t rh m se o i t n ny ri ul r de our um nt . r m us pr um e t t u h oft s a em e sK e t m a i e e i t guit pl a,a en a t es he r t he t t nt ys one de n nt r ng he ly e bs t s i t couns ' r esent i vi at K eyst s constt i how ng hat el s epr aton ol ed one' iutonalr ght r at t t i s el ed o he 11 g ly pl a.Tole t 411U . a 267.The c tha ar ady deer i t tKe t f ist uit e lt, S. t our s le t m ned ha ysone a l o ma s has ng.Seedic sono Cli ( ( ,upr The eor,t c tg a t t ke uc howi s usi f am b)2) s a. r f e he our r n s he moto t dimisa t Cli ( . in o s s s o am d) l l1 Fort r a ons s a ed,t cou tc l st tK e t f ist es a i h a gr he e s t t he r onc ude ha ys one a l o t bls ny ound f or rle unde j2254.Therf e,hec tgmzst moto t dimis An a o it or rwil eif r eor t our r t he in o s s. pprprae de l e ert s da nt hi y. TheCl k i die e t s nd c esoft sme o a er s r ctd o e opi hi m r ndum opi on a ac ompa yi ni nd c n ng or rt pe ii ra t c de o ttone nd o ouns lofr or f t r s nd t e ec d or he e po en . E NTER:Ths FC a o Aug s, 1 i y f ut20 2. W< Se ' U nie St t s D i t J t d a e s r udge