-RSB Brown v. Zych, No. 7:2011cv00605 - Document 16 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 10/31/2012. (kab)
Download PDF
F G #QK' OFFI U. DI O URT : CE S. ST. AT ROANQW , VA Fi-qr i: . I ' I THE UNI STATESDI TRI COURT N TED S CT N0V 2 1 2 2 2 j # $CL . - ERK ', ). j J A C , (. ULI 1 FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI T O F V I I I BY C RG N A ; R O A NO K E DIV I N SIO DEP .. . , f RK D AR RE LL K .BR O W N , Pettone i i r, Ci lA c i n N o.7: - vvi t o 11 c 00605 V. M EM O M N D U M O PI I N N O CH RI STO PH ER ZY CH , By:H on.Jam es C.T urk Seni U ni ed Stat Di tri Judge or t es s ct Res pondent . Dar l K.Br rel own Ci own' or ç ttone'7 a f rl prs Br ' k ii r' edea ioner pr e ng pr s , pe ) oce di o e i tae t sacin by flng apeii f awrtofha a c puspurua t 28U. C.j2241 niitd hi to ii tton or i be s or s nt o S. (ç ci 22415or C 2241'.l hi peii Br c e t tt Bur u of Prs ns 'se ton ' t j ' n s tton, own ontnds ha he ea ) io (1 ' i i o ry de ng hi c e ta i thi fdea s ntnc f t pei oftme $ BOP' s mprpel nyi m r di gans s e rl e e e or wo rods i ) durngwhihhewasi saec t ()t tmebewe nhi ar s by saea horte a hi i c n tt usody: 1 he i t e s ret tt ut iis nd s fdea s nt i ,a ( t tmebewe nhi fdealsntnci a t daehewasr lasd e rl e encng' nd 2) he i t e s e r e e ng nd he t ee e fo sa ec t t begi s r c ofhi f de a s t nc r m t t usody o n e vie s e r l en e e. Re ponde t l d a m oton t di m i s a Br w n has r s s nt i e i o s s nd o e ponde m a ng t m a t r rpe d, ki he te i f de s on.A fe r vi i t r or a f t r a ons s tf t he e n, he Cour G R ANTS or ci i t r e ew ng he ec d nd or he e s e or h r i t t Res ponde ' M oton t Dimis ECF No.11 a DENI Peii rsr que tf r j2241 nts i o s s, , nd ES ttone ' e s o r le ,ECF No.1 Addii ly,t Co tDENI aCe tfc t ofAppeaabiiy. e if 7 tonal he ur ES riia e l lt 1. FA C TU A L BA CK G R O U N D A N D PRO CED UR AL H IST O R Y Br own w a a r s e by Geo gi St t Pa r ofi r on A ugus 26,2003,a t r he fe s retd r a a e tol fce s t fe ld fom a taf i s op a fr d s t a t ofi e s ECF N o. 11,Ex.1.On Dec m be 22,2003, r r fc t nd i e ho s t he tc r . e r f de ala horte obt i d c t ofBr wn vi awrtofha a c us a pr eq ndum . ês e r ut ii s ane usody o a i be s om d os ue J . W hie he was i bor ow e c t on t s wrt he w a c l n r d usody hi i, s onvi t of a num be off de alfr a m c ed r e r ie r a dr ofe e i t U nie St t s Di t i tCou tf t N orhe n D i t i tof G e gi Cas nd ug f ns s n he t d a e sr c r or he t r sr c or a, e N um be 3: c - J . He r m ai d i t t por r c t r 03- r 22- TC e ne n he em a y us ody of f de a a hortes un i e r l ut ii tl Dec m be 21 2005,whe he w as s nt nce by U . D it i tJ e r , n e e d S. s rc udge J c T.Ca p t a t a t r ak m o ot l e m o i rs n n o 1 5mo t . d a Ex.1B. efd rl u me twa sln a t wh te i f mp io me t f 9 nhs L. t . o - Th e ea j dg n s ie t s o eh r t s ul nm c ure l wih orc e utveyt a ot rsntnce J.Shorl afe hi fdeal ho d onc rnty t ons c i l o ny he e e . .. ty tr s e r 4s s nt nci Br n w a r t ne t Ge gi a horte ,buta f de a de a ne w a l ed a ns e e ng, ow s e ur d o or a ut ii s e r l t i r s odg gai t hi . m O n A prl 1 2006,Br w n w a s nt nc by t St t of G e gi t a s xt e ye r t r i 0, o s e e ed he a e or a o i e n- a e m ofi pr s e f va i s a e of e es H e w a r l s f om s a e c t on J 1 2009, m i onm nt or r ous t t f ns . s e ea ed r t t us ody une 9, and purua t t f der l de ane , t BOP ob aned cusody ove hi .He c s nt o he e a t i r he ti t r m omm e e nc d sr c o hs fd r l s ne e o ta d t.J- a Ex. 1D.Hi p o e td r la e d t i evie f i e e a e tnc n h t ae #S t s rj ce ee s ae s Nove be 6,2023.l a Ex.1 E. BOP di notc e thi f de als nt nc f ra oft tme m r d. t - The d r di s e r e e e o ny he i he w a i sa e c t s n t t usody,ie. bef e J . , or une 1 2009.A l of t t tm e,how e r f om t da e of 9, l ha i ve - r he t hi a r s untlhe w as pa ol d f om s a e c t dy--co e t a d s r ce ofhi s a e s nt nce s ret i r e r t t us o unt d ow r e vi s tt e e . I a Ex.1 C. d. t - Afe rc ii h s p o e td rla e d t,Br wn fld a c mpan wi te BOP tr e evng i rj ce ee s ae o ie o lit t h h r ue tng c e t f r tm e s r d a ns hi s a e s nt nc Pur ua t Bar n v.K eo ne 9 1 eq s i r di o i e ve gai t s t t e e e. s nt o de ha , 2 F. 476 (d Ci.1 ) t BOP i epr td t c ant asa r uetf nuncpr tnc 2d 3 r 990 , he ntr ee hat ompli ? eq s or o u de i ton of t pl ce w he e Br n s r hi sa e s e s gna i he a r ow e ved s t t ent nce a t pl c f s r i e of hi s he a e or e v c s f de a s n e e r l e t nce.Spe tca l t BO P ha a Pr r m St t m e e ai ng t t t BOP m a cii ly, he s og a a e nt xpl ni ha he y c i r a i a e' r ons de n nm t s eque t f cr di f tm e s r d on a s a e s e s or e t or i e ve t t ent nce a t r f de a fe e r l s n e ng asa r ques f r a r r e t nci e t o etoadi des g ton o t sa e f c lt BO P Pr a St t m e ve i na i f he t t a iiy. ogr m a e nt 51 05(a r 1 2003) at he a Ex.1F t ECF No.11.l t BOP ga st r ifa 60. J nuay 6, , tac d s - o f he rnt he ele nd de i t a sa e f iiy as a pl e whe e a prs ner c n s r hi f de a s nt nce t sgnaes t t ac lt ac r io a e ve s e r l e e , he de i ton c be m a e f c i r toa tve t t dat of f r s nt nci a e s nta l s gna i an de f e tve e r c i o he e ede al e e ng nd s e i ly r s t i c edi a i t t f r s nt nc f tm e s r d o t s a e s e e uls n r t ga ns he ede al e e e or i e ve n he t t ent nce.Pur ua t t s n o t t polc t BO P w r e t Br ha i y, he ot o own' f de al s nt nc ng cour t as rai t s t nci s e r e e i t o ce t n he en e ng j g ' p sto o t eis e ECFNo 1 a Ex.1G. ud e s o i n n h su . i .1t Chi J ef udge Ca ne r ponde r s es d: J udge Cam p has now r tr d, but l ha c e r w ih t e ie ve onf r ed t he pr ton of i e w ho pr r d t Pr e e oba i fc r epa e he es nt nce Re r a who po t nd w a pr e a t s nt nc ng:J n M .K a She ha confr e t t s es nt t he e e i a y. s im d ha i w as t n- udge Cn p' s a ed i e i t t M r Br n r ce ve t he l m s t t nt nton ha . ow e i c edi f tm e s r d i t s a e i tt i She i c t s t tt r t or i e ve n he t t ns iuton. ndi a e ha he c onduc underyi t sa e s nt nc wa t s m e a t t t l ng he t t e e e s he a s ha unde l ng t f de a c r s Furhe ,M s K a not t t i t r yi he e r l ha ge . t r . y es ha , n he s rt of USSG j5G13( ( ,Mr Br pii . b)2) . own s d rceve t s houl e i hi co t uc i c e t ns r tve r di. She doe i ca e he unce t i t w he her you a e e pow e e t s ndi t r ra n y t r m rd o cr di a de e nt f r t tm e he s r e i s a e cus ody pr o t e t f nda o he i e v d n tt t ir o t i iin ofafde a s tnc ( r 1 26/ 1 20/ ,but he mposto e r l ene e hee, 2/ 03- 2/ 05) a s e you woul bea horze t c edi a de e ntf t tm e s um s d ut i d o r t f nda or he i sr e fo te d t ofh sfd rlsn e c ( e e 1 /0 0 )t t e e v d r m h ae i e ea e tn e h r 22 / 5 o h daeofhi rlas t fderlc t ( r 6 1 09 .... t s ee e o e a usody hee, / 9/ ) 1 def r t your de e m i ton as t t e e of your s a ut r e o t r na i o he xt nt tt o y a ho iy t c e t t s a e tm e. Furhe , ba e on t a ut r t o r di he t t i t r sd he bove r pr e a i , l ha no oppos ton t you gi ng M r Br e es nt tons ve ii o vi . own c edi f t tm e t the s r d i s a e c t r t or he i ha e ve n t t us ody,i you de t t f em ha t be a opr a e a t be aut i d by l w . A s t conduc o ppr i t nd o horze a he t unde l ng bot t s a e a f de alc c i a a s t be t r yi h he t t nd e r onvi tons ppe r o he s m e a i d,t s a e a f r lc t i pos d e s i ly n - nd ndee he t t nd ede a ours m e s enta l t sam e sent he ence f t sconduct edii t st e tm e s ved or hi --cr tng he at i er w oul s m t be f i .Fur he ,t s a d ee o ar t r hi ppea s t be i a or w ih r o n cc d t tewihe o tesn e igj d e h s s f h e tncn u g . l d. The BOP i er e e t s l te as t oppos ng' t c edi,but de e rng t t BOP t nt pr t d hi e t r i not i ' he r t f r i o he o deci I t deni Brow n' r de. t hen ed s eques f a nunc pro t des gnaton, cii t nat e and t or unc i i tng he ur cr um sa es ofhi i t ofe e a hi e e i c i na hit y.ECF No.11 a Ex.1 ic t nc s nsant f ns nd s xt nsve rmi l sor ,t , ! 1 1 a dEx 11 Br wn' j2 41p tto f lwe . ! 4- 5 n . -. o s 2 ei n ol d i o l l. DISCU SSIO N A. 28U. C.j2241 S. Se ton j2241pr de abassf rr i frprs swhoa eûi c t i vi ai of ci ovi s i o elef o ioner r tn usody n olton t Consiuton orl o teaisoft Unie Stts' 28 U. C.j2241c () TheFourh he tt i aws r r te he td ae . ' S. ()3 . t Ci c t has r cog ze t t t hale s t t e c i of a f de a s nt nc a e pr pe l r ui e ni d ha d l nge o he xe uton c e r l e e e r o ry br oughtunde j2241' Unie Sttsv.Lite 392 F.d 671,679 ( h Ci.2004)(iai r . ' td ae tl, 3 4t r cttons o te ; i ( f r prs rs ûeq s f s ntnci ce t i pr ry br ht unde mitdl d. a edeal ione ' d uet or e e ng rdi s opel oug r r j2 4 '.A j 2 41p tto e s e i j dca r ve o t ee e u in o hs sn e c û h ud 2 1' ) 2 eiin r e kng u iil e iw f h x c to f i e tn e û o l s na hi wade asr po nta tl t peii i t dititofconfneme .' JJ a 680 me s r n es nde nd ie he tton n he src i nt' -- t I, ( tng Rumsel v.Padil,542 U. 426,447 ( 4:;28 U. C.j2242 ( j quoi fd la S. 200 S. a 2241peiin tto s dna asrs houl me e ponde thepes whohasc t ove gheprs r.).He e Br ha nt û t ron usody r t ione l' r , own s p o el e h u td h sa mi srtv r me is a d t i Co r h sj rs ito o e Br wn' r p ry x a se i d nitaie e d e l n h s u t a u idcin v r o s c t a Re ponde Chr sopherZyc 2 us odi n, s nt i t h. B. Pe ii r' Cl m s f Se e e Cre t ttone s ai or nt nc di l hi j 2241 peii Br a srst g o f rle .Fis,he contndst the n s tton, own se t wo r und or eif rt e ha s d r c i c e ta ns hi f der ls nt nc f t tm e f om hi ar es on A ug t26,2003 houl e e ve r di gai t s e a e e e or he i r s r t us t ough J hr une 1 2009, whe he w a r l s d by t s a e on pa ol ECF N o. 1 a 4.l a 9, n s e ea e he t t r e. t n sc - a a e ond nd ppar nty a t r tve gr e l le na i - ound f r r i ,he con e o elef t nds t t he s d a l s be ha houl t ea t 'R es dent acknow l edge t tPe ii ha ttonerhase xhaused hi a i sr i r e es. ECF N o.lla 2. t s dm nitatve em di pon s t 2Chrsophe Zych i t W ar oft Unied St esPenie i y, Le Couny, r na(C P Le ' it r s he den he t at t ntar e t Vigii û US e' ) wher Br wasi r a ed att tm ehe fl hi petton.ECF No.1at1,ECF No.1latl.Lee e own nca cer t he i ied s ii ' Co t i I ae wihi t eW et r Ditito Vigi a 28U. C.j l ( . uny s oc t d t n h sen src f r ni. S. 27 b) 4 gi n c e tf t tme fom t i ve r di or he i r he mposton o hi f r ls nt nce De m be 21,2005 untl ii f s ede a e e ce r i hi r l s f o s a e c t s e ea e r m t t us ody. l c l ul tng Br n' t r ofi prs e a de e m i ng w he he t r a e pe i ds n ac ai ow s e m m i onm nt nd t r ni t r he e r r o f whih cedi s d be gi t Cour i gui d by bot 1 U. C.jj 358 a 3585. or c r t houl ven, he t s de h 8 S. 4 nd Se ton 3585 pr des ci ovi ' . () Commenc me of s ntnc -A s tnce t a tr of a e nt e e e.- ene o em i pr s nm e com m e es on t dat t def nti r ce ve i m i o nt nc he e he enda s e i d n c t us ody a a tng t a po t ton t or a rves vol a iy t w ii r ns r a i o, ri unt r l o c m e s r i e of s nt nc a ,t of i i de e i f ciiy at om nce e v c e e e t he f c al t nton a lt whi h t s nt nc i t be s r e c he e e e s o e v d. ( Crdi f prorc t -A dee nts l begi n cedi t r b) e t or i usody.- fnda hal ve r t owad t s r i e ofa t r ofi pr s e f a tm e he has s nti he e v c em m i onm nt or ny i pe n ofi alde e i prort t da e t s nt nc c m e s tci t nton i o he t he e e e om nce - ( ) a a r ul of t ofe e fr whih t sntnc was 1 s es t he fns o c he e e e i pos d;or m e ( a ar ul ofa ot rc r f whih t dee ntwas 2) s es t ny he hage or c he fnda a r s ed a t t c m i s on of t ofens f w hi h t re t fer he om s i he f e or c he s nt nce w a i pos d; e e sm e t tha notbe n c e t a i ta he s nt nc ha s e r died ga ns not r e e e. 1 U. C.j3585. 8 S. Se ton 3584 di c s s t aut iy of di ti t c t t i pos conc r nt o ci s us e he hort s r c our s o m e ur e r c e utve s ntnc s Se ton 358 a conti s veal prs i t t goven how t ons c i e e e . ci 44) ans e r e umptons ha r o de e ne w he he a s nt nc i conc r ntwih orco ec i t a he s nt nc A spe tne t nni t r e e e s ur e t ns utve o not r e e e. r i nt hee i pr vi s t t tl uli e tr of i ionme i e a difr nt tme r r, t o de ha tmj tpl ems mprs nt mposd t fe e i s un c e utve y unl s t cour or st tt t r s a e t nm conc r nty.n:3 ons c i l e s he t der ha he e m r o ur e l 3The e i s me quesi ast w het t spr ton o her hi esumpton woul appl her . l Unied St esv.Sm ih,472 i d y e n r so t at t F.d 2 2 ( t Ci.20 ) t Fo rh Cic th d,i pat t tt e prs mpton o c nsc ie 3 22, 26 4h r 06 , he u t rui el n r, ha h e u i f o e utv s n e c st oe n tt k ef c une sac r i s sas n e c a trad f n n i ale d s j c t a e t n e t s o a e fe t ls ou t mpo e e t n e fe e e da t s r a y ube t o n d undichar t m ofi prsonment' Undert tr e,t pr um pton woul notappl he e. Howe , s ged er m i .' ha ul he es i d y r ver Unie Sttsv.Ses r 1 2 S. .1 ,1 ( 2)ov ruldt eprma yholi i Smih, c wa td ae te , 3 Ct 463 470 201 e r e h i r dng n t whih s t ta f alcour had no a hort t or rt is s ence r cons i y t orconcurenty wih, ha eder t ut iy o de hat t ent un ecutvel o, r l t Appl ng t e saue hee,a sa tng wih j 3585() Res yi hos tt s r nd tri t a, pondentcone ,a t tnds nd he Cour ag ee ,t t Br n' i ede a s e t r s ha ow s i r l ent nce c m e ed on J f om nc une 19, 2009, t da he w a he y s rla e fom hi saes ntnc t t fdealdeane frsrvc ofhi fde a sntnc ' ( ee s d r s tt e e e o he e r ti r o e ie s e r l e e e. ECF ' No.11a 4. Tha i,i wa notuntlhec ee sr ieofhi saes ntncet tBrwnwas t ) ts t s i ompltd e vc s tt e e ha o r e s d t fdealc t Ast Fourh Cic tha e ai d,çllf r s ntncedoe no ela e o e r usody. he t rui s xpl ne ka edeal e e s t c m e untlt Ator G e r r ce vest de e nti o he ( us od f r s vi e oft om nce i he t ney ne al e i he f nda nt r c t y' o er c hat sntnc ' UniedSttsv.Eva ,1 F.d 908,911( h Ci.1 )( tng 1 U. C.j3585a) e e e. ' t ae ns 59 3 4t r 998 cii 8 S. ( (i s ntnc t a tnu ofi ionme c tA e e e o e mprs nt omme eson t dae t dee nti rceve i nc he t he fnda s e i d n c t ..). usody..') ' Si nii n l t tm e a s a e pr s ne s nds k l n' t f der la ho ii s pur uan t g fca t y, he i t t i o r pe ç oa ' o e a ut r te on s to a w rt ofha s c pus a pr e i bea or d os quendum doe nots r e t i er uptt s a e' c t o ra s e v o nt r he t t s us ody ve n i a e. di f r nty,c t i nott a f r e t t f de ala horte a nm t Put f e e l us ody s r ns e r d o he e r ut ii s nd ()fderlsntncedoe no be n t nm ...whe aprs ri a e a e e s t gi o n ione n s a e c t i pr t t us ody s oduc f pr ec i n i f r cour pur ua ed or os uto n ede al t s nt t a f de a w rt of ha as c pus ad pr e ndum .Ra he , t o e rl i be or os que t r he sae rti s p i r j rs ito o e t p io e ,a d f d rl tt ean rmay u idcin v r he rs n r n e ea c t y c m e s onl w he t s a e a hort e r lnqui h t us od om nce y n he t t ut ii s e i s he pr s r on s ts a ton of t s a e o i ton. See Thom a v. i one a if c i he t t blga i s W haen, 962 F. 358, 361 n.3 ( h Ci. 1 *Thomas v. l 2d 4t r 992) , Br ,923 F. 1 ,1 67 ( h Ci.1 )( oducng sae ewer 2d 361 366- 9t r 991 pr i tt pr s r u r w rt of habe c pus ad pr eque i one nde i as or os ndum doe not s r i s saec t . elnquih tt usody) I a 91 seas i ( i t tt r ed rve fom t f tt t fderlwrtofha s d. t 2; e lo d. notng ha he ul t i s r he ac hat he e a i de bea COC PUS ad Pr equendum m ef y l os el oans t pr s he i oner t f al aut ii ' and does not o eder hortes' a a tcp td f t e s n e c Ses rdd no die ty s e k t t e Smih hol n rgadi j 4()s n n iiae uur e t n e. te i t rcl p a o h t dig e r ng 358 a ' prs mp ins be a et os p e umpton a y onl whe t ef deal u me ti slntont e is o e u to , c us h e r s i ppl y n h e r j dg n s i e h sue f c c re ves c e ui sntn e ,a dtej dg n i Sesrwa n slntonteis .Bu te on urnt rus onsc tve e e c s n h u me t n te s ot ie h sue t h r oni ofSe s atl tcalsi o ques i t r oni oft Sm ih c ton t tis I any e , eas ng t er eas l nt ton he eas ng he t our ha s ue. n vent t Cour ' concl ons her n w oul be t s he ts usi ei d he ame r r es of whet Sm ih' hol ng r di ega dl s her t s di egar ng pr esumptonsr m ai good I ornot i e ns aw . 6 trnsor jasaeprs ri oaf rlprs r' (iai omitd) Thus Br wn rmai d sa f mg tt ione nt edea ione' cttons te . , o e ne t ) i s a e c t untlhe w as r e ed fom t tcus od pur ua t t f r de a ne . Thus n t t us ody i el as r ha t y s nt o he ede al t i r , t BOP ha prpel cac ae hi sntncea be nni t n,purua t Se ton358 a . he s o ry lultd s e e s gi ng he s nt o ci 5() Theei as noa g ntt ta crdi i duet hi unde Se ton 3585(9.Thefna r s lo r ume ha ny e t s o m r ci 1 i l sntnc ofj 3585( ma ce rt tcedi i d f t s cii pe i onl i t ttme e e e b) kes la ha r t s ue or he pe fed rods y f ha i û sno be n cr die aga ns a he s nt nc ' Se al o U nie St t v.W is n,503 U . 329, t ha t e e t d i t not r e e e. e s ' t d a es lo S. 333 ( 99 (nmaes ae no e il t doubl cedi or tme s t i dee i pror t 1 2) i t r t ntted o e r tf i pen n tnton i o sntncng) Hee,howe r i i undiputdt tt e iepei f whih Br s e ce t e e i . r ve, t s s e ha he ntr rod or c own e ks rdi wa c e t twar hi sae s e e.Thus 1 U. C.j 3585 doesnote il Br t s r died o d s tt entnc , 8 S. *) ntte own o r le . e if The e e s s t pos i lt a not i Eva a r c ze by t pa te her t t r xit he sbiiy, s ed n ns nd e ogni d he r i s e, ha ûg he afdealc ti esas ntnc on a d e ntwho i ar dy i sae c t t twl n e r our mpos ee e efnda s lea n tt usody, he f der l s nt e m a c m e e a e enc y om nce i a w he t Atom ey Ge r l or t Bur a of Prs f nd n he t ne a he eu i ons a e s t des gna e t s a e f ciiy f s r c oft f de als t nce.Se Ba de v.K e ne, gr e o i t he t t a lt or e vi e he e r en e e r n oha 921F. 476,48182 ( Ci.1 ) 1 U. C.j36 ( ( tng desg ton a hort i t 2d - 3d r 990 * 8 S. , 21b) vesi inai ut iy n he Bur a of Prs ns. Eva , 5 F.d a 91191 As dic s d a eu io l' ' ns 9 3 t - 2. sus e bove, t s i ge al hi s nerly a c pls d by t BO P de i tng,nuncpr t ,a s a e f iiy t s r asa pl c whe e a c om i he he s gna i o unc t t ac lt o e ve ae r prs rca s r e hi f r s nt nce purua tt 1 U. C.j36 ( . s eas B OP Pr r m i one n e v s ede al e e s s n o 8 S. og a 21b)4 e 1o St em ent5160. at 05. The Suprme Cour ha r e l dic s t i epl of j 358 a j 3621 e t s ec nty sused he ntr ay 4 nd , e mpha ii t t1 ( c l tbe rad t gi t Bura ofPrs e l i a hort t szng ha i b) amo 3621 e o ve he e u ions xcusve ut iy o ma t s t of de son c ke he or cii ommit t t ditit c ti j 358 $.W hen j358 a ted o he src our n 4( 4() 4S ci 3 21b r qur st Bu e u o Prs nst f e inaet plc o t e p ion rsi rs nme t' e ton 6 ( ) e ie he r a f io o t sg t he a e f h rs e ' mp io n ' d a t consi s alls e f t s. nd o der ever it d acor s ii a l a es e de s o abou c pec f c ly ddr s s ci i ns t oncur e a c e utve s t nce , a m a s no r nt nd ons c i en e s nd ke m en i oft Bu e u' r e i t pr es ,t i plc ton i t tno s h r e e s s' Unie ton he r a s ol n he oc s he m i a i s ha uc ol xi t . ' td Sttsv.Sesr 1 S.Ct 1 ae te , 32 . 463,1 ( 2)5The Sesr Co trj ce t Go 470 201 . te ur ee td he venune ' nts ase tont tt BOP wasnotbound by t d a tr esi j 35844)a t ti c d a y s ri ha he he eful ul n a nd ha t oul ppl t m a 1 matrofdic ei 'c li i Cmpl i et tt efe tve s of...j358 a ' he s 1 te a s r ton,' alng t t ausbl ha he fci ne s i 4()s pr c i i n ...de nds upon t ç s r ton'oft Bur a ' Se s ,13 S.Ct a 1 n. s e es r pto pe he di c e i he e u. t er 2 ' . t 469 3; e as J v.Unied Stt ,No.1 30 201 W L 2883706,a * ( Ka J y 1 201 lo ones t aes 2- 49, 2 t 4 D. n. ul 3, 2) ( i smea c udi t tçll i pl nt tt BOP ha no a hort t e c eaf rl notng a nd oncl ng ha dit s ai ha he s ut iy o xe ut edea s nt nc a conc r nt t s a e s nt nc , whe a f de al s n enc ng c t has i pos is e e e s ur e o t t e e es n e r et i our m ed t sntnc a c ec i ') e e e s ons utve'. Alhough Se s rlf undit be t BOP' sa ut y a hort t desgna ea sat f iiy t te e t sur d he s tt or ut iy o i t t e aclt asaplc t s r eafderls ntnceunde j3621 t Sesrco te anedt tt a hoiy ae o ev e a e e r ,he te ur xpli ha he ut rt t s desgna e does not c tt e t a hort t m a a dec s on a o o i t ons iut he ut iy o ke ii bout conc r nc or ur e y cons cutve s nt nc i t f r t i t nce w hi h le w ih t dit i t c t l t a t tCour e i e e es n he is ns a , c i s t he s rc our . ns e d, ha t e ai d t t t BO P ha a r e t pl y pa tc a l w he e l e- ns t f c s m a e i ly a t r a xpl ne ha he s ol o a r i ul ry r at o e a t t r a l le prs ne ' poston a m a i difc tt i pl m e hi s nt e,be aus i i t BOP w ho i o r s ii nd ke t f i ul o m e nt s e enc c e t s he C tmaey ha t deemi how lng g dititc ts sntncea horzesi t co i g t i tl s o tr ne ul o a src our'l e e ut i t o ntnue a prs rs c i me .'l a 1 Bu i Ses rt posi lt t tSesrsf rla sae ione') onfne nt' d. t 473. t n te,he sbiiy ha te ' edea nd tt s ntnc smi r c ure l wa adiec r ul oft fderlc t udgmen : Sesrwa e e e ght un onc r nty s r t es t he e a our j t te s 5Se s r ol a s i i t U .S.CoursofAppeal a hel t ta f aldititcour hasa hort t t er es ved plt n he t s nd d ha eder src t ut iy o i pos a s nt m e e ence t r cons i y orconcurenty t a sa e s ence t i antci ed,buthasnot o un ecutvel r l o t t ent hat s i pat ye b e i os d.Th f cst r weet ttef eal e e cngj geha or e e t tSes rsfdeal t e n mp e e a t hee r ha h ed r s ntn i ud d d r d ha te ' e r s ence r concurenty w ih one s a e s e butcons i y t anot ,bot ofwhi ha ye t ent un r l t t t ent nce ecutvel o her h ch d t o be i mpos The sat courtlt deci t bot sat s nt ed. te a er ded hat h t e e ences s d r concur enty,r houl un r l enderng i e xecuton oft f aldit ctcour' i tuc i i i he eder sri ts ns r tons mpossbl 1 S.Ct a 1 67.The Supr Coul i e. 32 . t 466eme ' t nonet essuphel t s nt hel d he e ence. 8 S r e t ur t Bur u t c edi hi tm e s r e i s a e c t b e on t D i t i t Cour ' é e o ge he f ea o r t s i e v d n t t our as d he s r c ts jud gmentt t Jè r s e e r c ure l wih t sat s ntncef t nc dr g hat he de al entnc un onc r nty t he t e e e or he w u c ge '1 (mpha i a d) l t BOP de i dt dos Sesrwoul befe t sekawrt har s. d. e ' ss dde .f he clne o o, te d re o e i ofha a co purua t j2241 at h t Ses rc tl xprs ld)noviw onwhehe be s mus s nt o , lhoug he te our s e se e e tr t epr ee ngswoul be s e s ul' l hos oc di d ucc s f . d. ' Thus t a ho iy t m a a r toa tve desg ton, a t efe tvel ma t , he ut r t o ke er ci i nai nd o f c i y ke wo sent ences r concur enty, doesnote s i pe nty of a fdea co tj un r l xit nde nde l e rl ur udgme t ti nt ha s pr ry i e r t a r quii s e a ountofco u r nc U nde s a ope l nt p e ed s e rng om m nc r e y. r t ndabl t n,pos - s r y, he t set e co t f ce wih ha s c le s ha u l t BOP' r f alt m a a nunc pr t urs a d t bea ha lnge ve phed he s e us o ke o unc desg ton unde j3621b) unde fcs smia t t e hee,ie. whee ( ) t f e a inai r ( , r a t i lr o hos r . , r 1 he ed r l j d me ti sln o whehe af d rlsn e c r n c n u rn wi o c n e u iet altr u g n s i t n t r e ea e tn e u s o c re t t r o s c tv o aee h i e saes ntnc ,a ( t sntncngco t i r pons t aBade t i r fom mpos d tt e e e' nd 2) he e e i ur, n es e o r n-ype nquiy r t BO P, note i il di e t d how t s nt nc s d be adm i s e e he has xplc ty r c e he e e es houl ni t r d. I Lovee s v.Zi e,201 W L 361 5,a * ( D. .Va.Aug.21 201 ,f n ls eglr 2 431 t 4 S. W , 2) or e mpl t ha spe ii rwasa r t d by sae a hortes s nt ed i f der lco t a xn e, he bea ttone rese t t ut ii , e enc n e a ur, nd t n s nt nc i sae cour.The sa e s ntnce wasor r d t r c he e e ed n t t t tt e e de e o un oncure wih t f de al r nt t he e r s nt nc w hie t f der l s nt nci or r w a s l nt a t w he he i s d r c ur en e e e, l he e a e e ng de s ie s o t r t houl un onc r t w ih or co e utve t a ot r s nt nc Af e t BO P de e t pe ii ne ' r que tf a t ns c i o ny he e e e. t r he ni d he tt o r s e s or nunc pr t des gna i he f l d a ha as pe ii c l ng ng t t de s on.l de ng t o unc i ton, ie be tton hale i ha ci i n nyi he p tto ,t edititc u trj ce t epeiin rsag me tt a t BOP' d cso u d r1 eiin h src o r ee td h t o e ' r u n h t he t s e iin n e 8 U. C.j3621i a çi misbl e r hme upont s ntncnga hort t cal vetd S. s n kmper si e ncoac nt he e e i ut iy ypi ly se i t j ca brnc ' I a * On t s is t Lovees c te esl i n he udiil a h.' d. t 4. hi sue, he l s our xpr sy nvoke t d he Supr m e Cour ' r as ng i Se s ,c l ng: e ts e oni n t er onc udi 9 The Se s rdecson ...ma ce t tt BOP' nu pr t nc te ii de lar ha he s nc o u d cso - kig a t o iy u d rj 3 21b i n ta e e cs o e ii n ma n uh rt n e 6 ( ) s o n x r ie f sn e cn a to iy,b t a d eemigto lt h w ln t e e tn ig uh rt u t tr n ainl ol o o g h d Ditit Cour' s tnce a horzel) i t c i src ts ene ut i s t o ontnue (he t dee nts co i me . (32 S.Ct1a 1 Thus t Cour fnda 'l nfne nt' 1 ' . t 473. , he t c nsd rdt ers e tv r lso t BOP a dt j dcay a di o i ee h e p cie oe f he n he u iir , n t c t no do as ubt o t pr i t of t BOP m a ng i pe nt n he opre y he ki nde nde de e mi tonsofwhehe t r toaci y desg t a sa e f c lt t r na i t r o er tvel i na e t t a iiy f s r c of a prs rs f de als nt e pur ua t t fve or e vi e ione ' e r e enc s nt o he i fco slse i j3 21b) a t r itd n 6 ( . 201 W L 361 5,a * 4. O n t f c s be or i,t Lovel s Cour de e m i d t tt BO P 2 431 t he a t f e t he es t t r ne ha he di notac unl uly i de ng Lovels ' r ques f ar toaci desg ton. d t awf l n nyi e s s e t or er tve i nai Ot r c s s a e i ac or Se e. , Hed ngs v. Gar i , N o. 11 13 he a e r n c d. es c. di ca - 46, 201 W L 2 318 6477,* ( 0t Ci. 2 1 h r Aug.7,201 ( 2) unpubls ( di no a eisdicei i de ng ihed) BOP d t bus t s rton n nyi rques f nuncpr tnc desgnai whee fdea c tsae pos-udgme ,t ti was e t or o u i ton r e rl our ttd, tj nt ha t t bs ut l oppos dy' a w he e t BOP al o r le o t na ur of t of e es a t ç ol e y a e ' nd r he s e i d n he t e he f ns nd he pr umpton ofc e utves nt esi 1 U. C.j 358 a);Ne es i ons c i e enc n 8 S. 4( ) wman v.Coz -t s No. zalhode , 11cv- 26 201 W L 1 551 *4- ( Col M a 29,201 ( nyi j2241 peii - 03 2, 2 931 , 5 D. o. y 2) de ng tton c aln ig BOP' d nilo n n pr tnc d sg ain wh r fd r lj d me ta d f d rl h le gn s e a f u c o u e in to ee e ea u g n n e ea s tncngco twer slnton t is ;El l v.Fihe,No.112595,201 W L 227785 a ene i ur e ie he suel wel s r 2 0, t *5( M i Apr 25,201 (e r a rc D. nn. . 2) rpo t nd e omme tonbyU. M agitaeJ ) a e by ndai S. srt udge , doptd El lv.Fihe ,No.112595,201 W L 2277858 ( Mim.J 1 201 ( pu ihe , wel s r 2 D. l une 8, 2) un bls d) ( eefd r l u g n wa sln a d tes ne cn c u t i n trs n t arq e tf ri wh r e ea j d me t s i t n h e tn ig o r dd o epo d o e u s o t e s i nput as t a r roactve des gnaton r o et i i i eques , t BOP pr l t ed t s ence as t he opery reat he ent co e utve,ba e on t dea tr e i 1 U. C.j358 a) s e as Col v.Thomas No. nsc i s d he ful uls n 8 S. 4(); e lo e , 3:2- 41 201 W L 35 1 cv- 2, 2 42586,* ( Or Apr l 2012)(i i a r c 4 D. . . 6, fndngs nd e omme ton of ndai U. M a srt J ) a td by Col v.Thomas No.3:2-v- 2,201 W L 3536808 ( S. gitae udge , dope e , 1 c 41 2 D. Or Aug.1 201 ,Cç hi i Sete pr bist BOP fom it prtngaj . 5, 2) Not ng n s r ohi t he r ner ei udgme whihi nt c s 10 s l nt as t w he he a s nt nc i t ope a e c ur e l or co ec i l . .. a uphol ng ie o t r e e e so r t onc r nty ns utve y ' nd ' di BOP' rf a t grnts enc ce tpurua t j36 1b);Hadi v.Unie Stt ,No.7:2s eusl o a ent e rdi s nt o 2 ( ) r n td aes 1 c 1 8, 2W L 394531 a * n. ( S. Se .1 201 ( t v- 81 201 4, t 2 4 D. C. pt 0, 2) alhought Ses rc tt dno he te our Sdi t a e s st to ...w her t s nt nc ng c ti s l nt on t i s ' of w he her a s nt nc ddr s iua i ns e he e e i our s ie he s ue ' t e e e s d opeae c urenty or c e utvey,fgl c ntde sons s houl rt onc r l ons c i l tre e cii ugges t tt Btra of t ha he le u Prs silha t a hort t û inaet pl eofi ionmen unde j 3621' ( ttons ions tl s he ut iy o desg t he ac mprs t r '' ciai ) omitd) Le v.W is No.1: 1 te ; e lon, 1 cv981 2012 W L 3069 , 407,a * ( D.Va.J y 26,201 t 9 E. ul 2) ( p odn BOP' r f s l o g a tce i wheef d rl o r j d ewa a ke a rs nd dta u h lig s eu a t r n rdt r e ea c u t u g s s d nd epo e h t het ughtt s ntnc s d nz c ure l a wheet pr umpton i 358 a ldt ho he e e es houl n onc rnty, nd r he es i n 4() e o conscui sntnce ,a wheet BOP prpel co i r dt oherfcor i j3621b). e tve e e s nd r he o ry nsde e he t a t s n () A s o c t e a ne tf e BOP c r ty de e ned t t bec us t f de a ne our xpl i d: s ' -h or ec l t nni ha a e he e r l sntncngc twassl ofgilt is ofc ure andt r wasaye t bei e e e i our ient sc he sue onc rncy, he e t o mpos d sae s tnce 1 U. C.j 358 a a BOP Pr a Sttme 588 28 dieced t tt tt ene , 8 S. 4() nd ogrm ae nt 0. r t ha he s nt nc w e e c e utve ...The BO P a i s e ed t s e a pr ded i t sat e,i e e es r ons c i . dm ni t r he ent nce s ovi n he t ut t di no e r i e s nt nci di c e i n. El e l 201 W L 2277850,a * 9. d t xe c s e e ng s r t o ' w l , 2 ' t I tep e u to i j3 4 a a pisheeb s do t sln eo t f d rl u g n , f h r s mpi n n 58 ( ) p le r a e n he ie c f he e ea j d me t r nde i t s nt es c e utve,6 t en i i c e r t t Br n' f de a s nt nc s d r e r ng he e enc ons c i h t s l a ha ow s e r l e e e houl un c e utve t hi sat s nt nc But e ons c i o s t e e e e. , ven i t pr um pton does no a y he e,t n t f he es i t ppl r he he j me i smpl uncea,a t BOP r ane a t iy t deemi how bes t e c e udg nt s i y l r nd he eti d uhort o tr ne t o xe ut Br n' s nt nc a t de e m i w he he i s d nm co ur e w ih or c e utve t hi ow s e e e nd o t r ne t r t houl nc r nt t ons c i o s sae sntnc See Le 201 W L 3069407,a 9 ( di BOP' de iin unde j 3 tt e e e. e, 2 t* uphol ng s cso r 621 6Se s pr n e3( ic sn Smih a isvtlt a trSes r. e u a ot ds us ig t nd t iaiy fe te ) whee i d d no r y s el on t prs in i j3584()'butd r tt di t el ol y he eumpto n a' û conducgdla rviw of te e e peii rsc epurua t peii rsnu otncrquef'. ttone ' as s nt o ttone ' ncpr u e s ) Br n,how e r a g t tt BOP' r f s lt gi hi a c e tt oug a nuncpr ow ve , r ues ha he s e u a o ve m ny r di hr h o t nc de i naton w a i pr r of e i t o gr u sg i s m ope , f rng w ounds t s o uppor t s as e ton. Fis ,he a gue t hi s r i rt r s t tt f de als nt nci c tha t d t BOP t ti wa no o ha he e r e e ng our s ol he ha t s t ppos t a yi c e tf ed o ppl ng r di or t stme pe i a t tt BOP t aced i pr pe l i de ng hi t c e t The Coul hi i rod, nd ha he hus t m o ry n nyi m he r di. ' t diag e s s re. The r s ni of t cour i Love es on t s poi i i t uc i ea o ng he tn l s hi nt s ns r tve. The e,a he e,t r s r he fd r lj d me t wa sln a t te c n e ui ves c n ure tdeemiain,a d te e ea u g n s ie t s o h o s c t ve rus o c rn tr n to n h s ne cn c u th d sae t a i h d t o o j cint t BOP e r iig isa to iyt g a t e tn ig o r a ttd h t t a û b e to o he n xecsn t uh rt o rn g eiine' r que t' The Cour c ude t BOP di nota ti opery i de ng t pltto rs e s. ' t oncl d he d c mpr l n nyi he p tto e ' nu cpr tn r q e ta de plie , v ni t esn e cngj d eh dr c mme e , ei n rs n o u c e u s n x an d e e f h e tn i u g a e o nd d i p s-u g n,ta t BOP g a tt d sg ain n n pr tn ,çh BOP i rq ie o l t o tj d me t h t he r n he e in to u c o u c t e t s e ur d ny o co i rt Co tsr omme ton a one offvef cor i de di whehe go)grntor nsde he ur' ec ndai s i a t s n ci ng t r t a den ghe nuncpr t desg ton.ti unde no saut yoblgai t yi dt t sntncng yt ) o unc inai l s r tt or i ton o el o he e e i j d es rc mme d to a d i e d,t d s wo d b a a u e o dic ei n' 2 2 W L u g ' e o n ain, n nd e o o o ul e n b s f s rto . 01 ' 361 5,a *6(ii Tr lv.Be lr 1 F. x590,596( h Ci. 431 t ctng owel ee, 35 App' 4t r 2005)( unpubls l. ihed) Alh u h adfe e t u g fo Br wn' s ne ig c u t ttd ta s ed dn to p s t o g ifrn j d e r m o s e tncn o r sae h t h i o p o e a c ur e tdes g ton,t BO P w asonl s a ut r l r quie t c i t tas o ofs ve a onc r n i na i he y t t o iy e r d o onsder ha ne e r l fco sunde j36 ( .Theohe f cor i l t r ouresoft f iiyc e ae t a tr r 21b) t r a t s ncude:he es c he aclt ontmpltd; he na u e a cic s a s of t ofens t hi t y a c r c e i tc of t pr s 'a a t r nd r um t nce he f e; he sor nd ha a t r s i s he i oner nd ny , pe tne polc sae ntis dby t Sene i Commison.28U. C.j3621b) Hee,he ri nt iy ttme s ue he tncng si S. ( . r t BO P co pl t d a w o ks e t t r l c s a r a o d c i r ton of t e f c o s The e i m ee r he t ha ete t e s ne ons de a i hos a t r . r s 12 no hi i t r or t s t ng n he ec d o how t ti ac ed i pr r y orc r r t l w .l s t Br n ha not ha t t m ope l ont a y o a n hor , ow s pr s t d a e denc t s e en e ny vi e o how t t t B OP f ie t f l is s a ut y die tve or t t i ha he a l d o olow t t t or r c i ha t ot r s a t d i pr r y s m pl be us t s nt nc ng c tdi not oppos t cr t a he wi e c e m ope l i y ca e he e e i our d e he edi nd i e t nde d, houg t s nt nci cour m i ha i e ed i,des t noti c tng as s h i t ht he e e ng t ght ve nt nd t pie ndi a i uc n he ' J met udg n . The s c e ond gr ound Br n a nce t s w t tt BO P i pr pe l deni d hi c e t ow dva s o ho ha he m o ry e m r di i t t hi f der l a sae s nt nc we e f t û a ofe es'a t e or t c e t s ha s e a nd t t e e es r or he ç me f ns ' nd her f e he r di s s dbegi n a i thi fdeals ntnc Fors houl ve gans s e r e e e. uppor,he poi st Se ton 5G1. b)oft t nt o ci 3( he Unie Stts Se e ng Gui i ($ td ae ntnci delnes ç USSG',a t t c esfom ot rcic t t tae ' nd o wo as r ) he ruis ha r i ppost .Thi a gum e ,t i unpe s s ve na ie sr nt oo, s r ua i . Fi s of a l unlke t t o c s he cies f s rt l, i he w a es t or uppor , bot of w hi i ve p i t h ch nvol d r or ve s ons of t Gui lne ,1 B r n w as s nt nc unde t 2004 e ton of t Gui elnes ri he de i s ow e e ed r he dii he d i M a l ECF No.1 PSR a 3,! 1 Unde t veri ofUSSG j5613 t n i e f ta nua. 5, t 6. r he son . he n fec nd a i d t Br pple o own,conc r nt s nt i w ih a undi c r ed s a e s nt nc w a r uie onl ur e e enc ng t n s ha g t t e e e s eq r d y i t undi c r f he s ha ged t r of i prs e ç e uled f om a t r of e e t t i r l nt em m i onm nt s s t r r no he f ns ha s e eva cond t'a t uc ' nd s t bas s f a i r a e i t of e e l vel'f t l t -m pos d of e e. was he i or n nc e s n he f ns e ' or he a er i e f ns Se e. ,Unie Stt v. Sc e,429 F. 78 7919 ( h Ci.2005) ( s us i t e. c. td aes hafr 3d 9, -2 8t r dic sng he caiyi ame lrf ng ndme t USSG j5G1. b).Ar bl Br i c r tt thi sae ofens nt o 3( ) gua y, own s orec ha s tt f e w a c i r r e nt c s ons de ed el va onduc and r ule i a i r as d of e e l ve .ECF N o.15,PSR a t es t d n n nc e e f ns e l t 4 ! 21 2 (p l n at -e e ice s sf ro sr ci n o j tc a d b s d o d fnd n ' ! , 7 a pyig wo lv l n r a e o b tu to f usie n a e n ee a ts 7Sd:Unied St.esv. Fue t s l 7 F. 1 5 1 2 ( 1h Ci.1 97 ;Uni d S aesv.Lv h 378F.d a.k1 t .t-. z: l 4 --. .. n e , 0 3d 51 , 5 4 1 t r 9 ) t tt e nc , 3 4 ( t Ci. 0 ,a r ae on o h rg ou s Boh wee die tc i na a asi ol n te p o e 45 5h r 20 4) b og td t e r nd . t r r c rmi l ppe l nv vig h r p r a lc to o USSG j 5 . a i e se pro t Guiei Ame dme 6 ,e fc i No mb r 1 ppiain f G13 s t xit d ir o d lne n nt 60 fe tve ve e , 20 Se seg,Fu n e ,l F.d a l 24 Lv h 37 F. a 44 n. ( otngt ti i a pl ngt p e 03. e .. e t s 07 3 t 5 ; nc , 8 3d t 6 l n i ha t s p yi he r 20 v ri ) 03 e son . tihtfom 1w enf c lg r a orement whih wa as o oft sae c r es s e L. a 1 ! 58, c s lo ne he tt ha g , e ds t 8, ! 59 (etng f t pendi sae chages) s e alo ECF No. 11 Ex. 1G (udge Cane 'lte sti orh ng tt r l; e s , - J r s etr rfr ncng s me .Theprblm wihBr wn' a g nt howeve ,i mor f me a : own ee e i a ) o e t o s r ume , r s e unda ntl Br wa n ts ne c do hi saec ag st i atrhi fd rls ne cn Th s h wa n ts be t s o e tn e n s tt h r e mtl fe s e ea e tn ig. u , e s o u j c t a y i s hagedtr ofi ionme 'unde j5G13.Ac or ngl USSG j5G13di no o n s c r e m mprs undi nt' r . c di y, . d t r quie t tt s t nc ng cour nz t of e e co urentw ih any s a e s nt nc .8 e r ha he en e i t n he f ns nc r t tt e e e Ha ng f l a es e Br vi uly ddr s d own' c e i a havi de e m i t tt BOP di not s ontntons nd ng t r ned ha he d a t i pr ry or c r r t l w , and t t t Br n' c t i no unl w f , t Cour c m ope l ont a y o a hus ha ow s us ody s t a ul he t c l st tBr hasnotesa ihe a e tte ntt rle unde j2241 oncude ha own tbls d n nilme o eif r . 1 11. C ON C LU SIO N Br w n hasf l t s o aied o how t the i en il d t cr di t hi f de als e e f a pe i ha s tte o e t o s e r ent nc or ny r od prort hi r l s fom sa e c t y,on J 9,2009.Norhashe s i o s eea e r t t usod une hown t tt BOP a t ha he ced unc tt i na l i r us ng t de i na e nu pr t t i tt i wher he w a s vi hi ons iuto ly n ef i o s g t nc o unc he ns iuton e s er ng s sa e s nt e.A c r ngl Re ponde ' M oton t D i m i s ECF N o.11 i G R AN TED a t t e enc co di y, s nts i o s s, ,s nd Peii rs28U. C.j2241Peii ECF No.1 i DENI An a opraeor s l is ttone' S. tton, ,s ED. ppr it der hal sue t s da hi y. Pe ii r i a s d t t he m a a a t s de s on,pur ua t Rul 3 a 4 of t ttone s dvi e ha y ppe l hi ci i s nt o es nd he F d rlRulso Ap laePr c d r,i aj d e o t eUntd Sae Co r o Ap asf rte e ea e f pelt o e u e f u g f h ie tt s u t f pe l o h 8 Addii l , t tee tn Brwn i c aln igtesne c i efa i rp r ta i acam ta tonaly o h xe t o s h l qn h e tn e t l s mp o e, h t s li h t e s s ul ha be n a s re on die ta e lo ,l e ror nay cr u tnc s und r28U. C.j 2 5. ho d ve e se td rc pp a r n xta di r ic msa e , e S. 25 See Unied sttsv.Pr g n ,l 0 F.d 27 28 ( t Ci.1 9)( di t a camst tac r er d i t ae e e t 9 3 9, 4 4h r 99 hol ng h t li ha ou t re n - - - t applcaton oft Sent nci Gui i s d ber s on diectappealand t s cl msar not he i i he e ng delnes houl aied r hat uch ai e ge r l c nia e i a j2255mo in b c u e te dono c siue aç s a rag ofj tc ' .l i ne al og z bl n y to e a s h y t on tt t ç c ri e usie' t s mi ) not pr l r s i t s petton.See At ns v.Dr w ,N o.9: 3219, 201 W L 1038105,a *2 opery aied n hi ii ki on e 090 t ( S. Fe .l ,2 0)(ç tto rsal gainsa utt e p o it o ( s ntn ng e a c men ... D. C. b 2 01 t iine ' l to bo h r prey f aJ e e ci nh n e t pe e cl l go t t unde yi valdiy of hi s ence r t t t t manner of executon of t eary o he rl ng i t s ent aher han o he i he sntn e.Suc ma tr a e no pr pe l c nsd e un rj 2 5 u e st e s vi sclus o j 2 41 e ec h te s r t o ry o ierd de 2415 nls h a ng a e f 2 a is . ppl ) e 14 Fourh Cic t or t s c tis a ce tfc t of a l lt purua t j 2253/) A t rui hi our sues riiae ppeaabiiy s nt o . c r ii t ofa a abiiy m ay i s onl i t ap i n ha m ade a s t i ls i o t e tfca e ppe l lt s ue y f he plca t s ubsanta how ng f he de a ofac tt i lrght 28U. C.j 2253()2) Thi Cour tndst tPeii rha no nil onsiutona i . S. c( . s t i ha ttone s t m ade t requi t s i of deni of a subs antal rght A ccor ngl a certtcat of he sie how ng al t i i . di y, ii e a al biiy i D EN I .l Pe ii r i ends t a a a s k a c r ii a e of a a a lt ppe a lt s ED f ttone nt o ppe l nd ee e tf c t ppe l biiy f om t Cour of A ppea s f t Fourh Ci c t hi tr ts e i t tl a notc of a r he t l or he t r ui, s i s t p s o i e ie ppea wih l t t sc twihi 30 da oft da eofenty oft fnalor r orwihi s h e e hi our t n ys he t r he i de , t n uc xt ndedperod as i t c t ygrntpur ua t Rul 4()5)oft Fe r lRul ofAppelaePr dur he our ma a s nt o e a( he de a es lt oce e. The Cl r i diec ed t s c e oft s m em or ndum opi on a t a co pa ng e k s r t o end opi s hi a ni nd he c m nyi fna or rt Pe ii r a couns ofr co d f Res i l de o ttone nd el e r or ponde . nt ENTER:Thi J/ -dayofOct r 201 s N-. obe , 2. 4 4 C .Tur k Se orU nied St t D i t i tJ ni t a es s rc udge 15