-RSB Atkins v. Farley et al, No. 7:2011cv00592 - Document 24 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 8/3/2012. (tvt)
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CLERK' OFFCE U., 8% COUA 8 / 8 Dl ATM NVILE, L VA ) F! * I THE UNI N TED STATE S D I STR I T C O U R T C FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI GI A CT R NI R O A N O K E DIV ISIO N D A VI A TK I S, D N JuL - ,D L cL RK Ac E% E . B: m . Y DEp cL CA SE N O .7: V 00592 11C Pl ntf , ai if 5S r. M EM O M N D UM O PI I N N O D O N A LD W .FA R LEY ,SH ER I FF, U K , By:GlnE. nr d e Co a Chi U ni e St t sD i t i Judge ef t d a e s r ct D ef endant s. Thi pr K ci lrg sa ton,fld i t Roc ngha Count Cic tCour a s o vi i ht c i ie n he ki m y r ui t nd r move t t scour puruantt 28U. C.j1 ,i befr t c 'on dee nt'dipostve e d o hi t s o S. 441 s oe he oul t fnda s s ii motonsunderRul 1 b)6 a 1 c oft Fedea RulsofCi lPr ed ea s veal i es 2( () nd 2() he rl e vi oc ur nd e r m otonsfom t pl i if Da d At ns i r he antf , vi ki .Fort r as saedhe ei t c tc tue he e ons t t r n, he our onsr s At ns co ai a algi c tt i lcamsa tona eunde 42U. 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C. 1 43 Up nrviw o t rc r a d ih hs o r ha t s cin, u s a t o r S. j 3 . o e e f he e o d n t pa te 'motons t c tde e At ns motonf j he ris i ,he our nis ki ' i or udgme ont pla ngs moi f nt he e di , ton or j d me t samatro lw, n ohe p n i moins a g a t d fnd n s moinss e ig ug na te f a a d t r e dng t , nd r ns ee a t' to e kn o di m i s loft ac i f f l et s a e a c a m . s sa he ton or aiur o t t l i ProceduralBackzround At ns i taly f l t sci lrght a ton i t Cic tCour f Roc ng ki nii l ied hi vi i s c i n he r ui t or ki ham Coun y, t c s num ber 1 ae 65CL11001 394- c le ng t m edi altea m e he r ce ve f 00, ha l ngi he c r t nt e i d or hypogl e i w hie he w a i ce a e a t Roc ng m Cot y J i f om Se e be 2011 t yc m a l s ncr r t d t he ki ha mt a l ' r pt m r o D e m be 2011 1 Ati ss sS e ifDo adF. re 'h j i' h a n re K. h rz ce r . k n ue h rf n l Faly te als e d u s , Sc wat; , Cl s ii aton Of i er K .Se s a Sha a Lt St ve Shorel. l hi c pl i ,At ns a s fc i fc s ar nd nk; nd . e n t l n s om a nt ki alege ,a l s mongot rt ngs t tNureSc rzû hole t bedei rt l i feentt he hi , ha s hwa t d sq o c lbeaegyl ndifr o At nl' srousmedialnee 'r r nghi alege hy yce a'a t tot rdee nt' ki sl ei c ds' egadi s l d pogl mi , nd ha he fnda s aci r ae t hi bt asinme vi aedhi dduepr s . ( ke Enty (( ' 1 1a tons eltd o s mk sg nt olt s d oce s' Doc t r &DE' - t ' ) p.1 15. 2, ) N ur e Sc a t w ass r d w ih A t ns s a e co tc pl nto N ovem be 28, 1 s hw r z e ve t ki ' t t ur om ai n r 201 , andonDec mbe 1 201 fldanoiet r move, s ntt 28U. C.jj1 a 1 e r 4, 2, ie tc o e purua o S. 441 nd 446, atac ng A t ns s a e cour co pl nta e bis s alo tl a c t hi ki ' t t t m ai nd xhi t ' he s i ed opy oft notc i t , he i e n he sa eco t Ast gr tt ur . he ound f t r m ova ,Sc rza s rst tdelbe ae i fe e t a or he e l hwa t s e t ha i r t ndif r nce o s r ousm e ca ne a a l ged i A t ns com pl nt i a Ei ht Am e ei di l ed, s le n ki ' ai , s n g h ndm e c ai o r nt l m ve whc t i c u t a jlidcinu e 2 U. C. 1 31 S h rzt nfldamoinf r ih hs o r h s t s ito nd r 8 S. j 3 . c wa t he ie r to o j dg n o t epla ig i t i e u ts e i d s s a o t a o u e Rue 1 ()t u me t n h e dn s n h s o r, e kng imis l f he din nd r l 2 c,o w hi h A t nsr s c ki e ponde d. 1 At nshad ea i fl a ci lrght acton under42 U .S. j 1 3a i tNure S h rz ki rler ied vi i s i C. 98 gans s c wat a S rf Faly, asngne ry i n ial li r g r nghi me c lc r a t ej i i S ptmb r nd he if re r ii a l de tc cams e a di s dia ae t h al n e e e 2011 Se At nsv. h rz Ca eNo. 11 . e ki Sc wa t, s 7: CV00 3( . Va Oc.31 20l1 .Thec r s mma iy 49 W D. . t , ) ou t u rl dimis dt a to wiho tprj die pu s n t 2 U. C. 1 5 b ( ) f rf iu et saeacam. s se he cin t u eu c , rua t o 8 S. j 9l A( ) 1, o alr o tt li On D e e be 1 201 def nda sFa ly,Se r ,Sha a Shoreltl d anotc of c m r 6, 2, e nt re as nk, nd tl ie ie 2 i o s s j i e i t ermo a, ao gwih am oton t dim i s Th c u t tte plitf o ond r n h e v l 1 n t e o r noi d an if f i . dee nt motont dimisa r quie byRos bor v. rion,528F. 309( hCi'1 ) fnda s' i o s s s e r d e o Gars 2d 4t l 975 . a dwan dpli tf ta j g n mih beg a tdfrt edee d n si h ddn trs o dt n r e anif h t ud me t g t rne o h fn a t f e i o e p n o t emoin.At nsfldamo inf rj d me ta amatro lw a damo inf r u me t n h t o ki ie to o u g n s te f a n to o j dg n o t ep e d n s(mo insf j d me f) c n etn d fn a t'ag me t.Th c u t e u se , h la i g t to or u g n ', o tsig e e d n s r u n s e o r rq e td t and ha r ceved, t s a e cour , r or . se i he t t ts ec d 3 A letatons l i At ns c pl nta lgest thei s ng t de e nt i ki ' om ai le ha s ui he f nda s l rcol ofs ae lw' unde or tt a ' conc r ng e e ni vent t toc ur e a t rhe w a r c ve a t Roc nghn Count J lon s ha c r d f e s e ei d t he ki m y ai Se e pt mber7,2011. The c ompli s t o ana r tver t rt anum be ed s tofcli s a nt e s ut r ai ahe han r e am . A t ns a l gest the t d N ur e Sc a t t tw hie he had pr vi l be i ar e a e ki le ha ol s hw r z ha l e ous y en nc c r t d a teji i 20 3 t j ido t r a ds cait h dda n e hm wihh p glc mi a dha t h aln 0 ,he al co s n pe ilss a ig osd i t y o y e a n d p a e hm o as ca t o bepo to ' it ( 1 1 p. 2. At n 's miso as lc d i n pe il4 u l rin'de . DE - , 1 ) kis ub sins lo d 2 At nshass it whathe syl asmotonst deny t r ki ubm ted t es i o he emovalofhi cas t t scourt s e o hi . See DE 1 .DE 23- pp.1 1 At nshasnotfl am oton t r and t cas t t sat cour under 2, 6, 2, 9. ki ied i o em he e o he t e t 28U. C. 1 ( ) ho ve , ndha n g o so whiht d s Thefc ofAt ns c mplit S. j 447 c , we r a s o r und n c o o o. ae ki ' o an alegesa Ei h Am endm entcl m r di Nur e Schwarz'ale delber e i f e enc t hi l n ght ai egar ng s t lged i at ndif r e o s m edi ne ,a hi a l i agai tt ot def nt --concer ng hi need f abotom bunk, cal eds nd s legatons ns he her enda s ni s or t f medi r ds,and gri or cal ecor evancef m s al i i t consiutonalis ,s asdelbe t or so mplca e tt i s ues uch i rae i fer ncet medi ne de alofacces t t courtand de alofdue pr s. M or over At ns ndif e o cal eds, ni s o he , ni oces e , ki doesnots f any sat l bassf any ofhi cl ms. Accor ngl t courtlbe l consr peciy t e aw i or s ai di y, he i raly tues At ns'cl ms agai ta1 oft def ki ai ns l he endant asale ng cli sundert U nied St esCons iuton and s lgi am he t at tt i j 1 3.Asaj 1 3c an , h a to wa pr pel r mo d u rj 1 4la . Lo zv. r 41 98 98 omplit t e cin s o ry e ve nde 4 () nt Thap, 3 F. 4 43 ( t Ci. 05 (sllmo li a pr it i t fc o t ec an r iesaf d rl 3d 35, 9 4 h r 20 ) C ke va s p oprae f he a e f h omplit as e ea g qu sin.) e to ' . ' 3 At nst ed anum be ofm otonsi t s ae cour, bef eand afert notce ofr ki sl r i n he t t t or t he i emovalwas fl Her ied onl aporton oft ied. efl y i heses ame motonsi t scour. Theses a e c flngsi uded a i n hi t t t ourt ii ncl moton f appoi mentofcouns ,a moton t amend t add t cl m sand hvo new def i or nt el i o o wo ai endant, and s mo insf r udg n a amatro lw, t a to a do ume tto r a e t hi me c lcai . to o j me t s te f a wih ddiin l c n ain elt d o s dia l ms Becaus At ns i pr e ki s oceedi pr K ,t c hasnevert essconsde ed al ofAt ns's ng o he ourt hel i r l ki ubmi i i ssons n as es ng hi cl m s Forr onsdicus ed her n,t c tdeni hi motons. s si s ai . eas s s ei he our es s i i c t t tw hie he w a i r r t d a Cof e w ood Cor e tonalCen e i 2007,m ed c ls a f ndi a e ha l s nca ce a e t f e rci tr n ia tf ac omm oda e hi hypogl m i by pr vi ng t dou epori di tand t e s c dal c td s yce a o di he bl ton e hr e na ks iy. A lhoug N ur e Sc a t obt ned m e c lr c dsf At ns r t e tng t s pa tm e c t h s hw rz ai di a e or or ki e l c i hi s di al te t n ,h j i safddno p o iehm t ed u l po t nsd e a h rq e td At is rame tt e al t f i t r vd i h o be ri it s e e u se . kn o be n t ge hea ches col s a s di zi s a bl r vii whi he bei ve we eca ed ga o t da , d we t , z nes , nd ury son, ch le d r us by a dr p i hi bl s rl vel Hefl d gre nc ,s o n s ood uga e . ie iva es ome a es e t t s if whoi d ddr s d o he herf, s di not ng.'(d. hi ' l ) OnSe tmb r1 , 01 ,al fi il mo e At i t t eme ia d p rme twh r p e e 5 2 1 j i o tcas v d kns o h dc l e a t n , ee saf c d m oniorhi co ton.At nstid t r f et sm o be us hi r c e i a t f oul t s ndii ki re o eus hi ve, ca e s e r aton nd s howe prvieg we enott s r i l es r he ame a i t g r po a i a e ,a t r m wasdit s n he ene al pulton r as nd he oo ry, butsa fc i d housng hi i t m e ca uni f s ve alda .At nsc t f ontnue i m n he di l t or e r ys ki ompl i t tsa f ans ha t f onl che ked hi t per t e a bl pr s e durng t s tm e. Bas on t s a l ga i , y c s em a ur nd ood es ur i hi i ed he e le tons At nsase t t tNureSc t E hoge t bedei rt l i ferntt At ns s rous ki s rs ha s hwarz t s ) o c lbeaelyq ndif e o ki ' ei me c ne ds'ega di hi alge hypogyc mi (d. dial e 'r r ng s le d l e a. 1 ) At nsalege t tLt Shorelç ga t i e fle wiht g iva epr dur a ... ki l s ha . t l' n o ntrerj t he re nc oce e nd be de edAt nsc e ofbot me c rcor a g iva s' (d.p.13. ni ki opis h dial e ds nd re nce . l , ' ) A t ns a l gest tO fi rSha on N o m be 11 2011 ç ol i a e At ns t m ove ki le ha tce nk, ve r , , t d nm t ki o t of t botom bunk bec us s nee d i f a he i aewih no hit r a alofbeng diz f he t a e he de t or not r nm t t so y t 1 i zy o havi s i es' (d.p.1 ) Theot ri t s i hedi notne d abotom bunka t d r ng ezur . I , 4. ' he nmae ad d e t nd ol A t nst ke p i . ki o e t At nsa l st tCl s i i t o Of i e Se r s w At nson t botom bunk, t l hi ki lege ha a s fca i n f c r a s a ki he t od m t pa hi t ngs m o d hi t a he c l and a s g hi t a t bunk. A t nsaleges: o ck s hi , ve m o not r el, s i ned m o op ki l $ . knsif r dSg . aewh sae Ofie S asmlls d u (il lsae n , h dd û At i n ome t S l o ttd fc r e r e se - p sc. ttd o s e i Mr not She' doi t son ret i i t m y grevance. Because m edi never cl ed m e ort d . s ng hi alaton o i cal ear ol he t tkemeof t botom bunk,'(d. ar s toft move At nss ntt e da i a ro a f he t ' l )As e ul he , ki pe hre ys n dcasiiai ' twihfwerprvie (d phonec l,noT. , s r') (d. At ns sl sfc ton'uni t e i lges t no als V.no howe s'. 1 ) ki ase t t tSeas'a tonsvi aedhi t pr s . (d. At ns s si i iaet the srs ha r ci olt s ç due oce s' 1 ) ki ' ubmisons ndc t ha ' wa ta se rdt a o h r al o tmei De e e 201 . s r n fre o n t e j i s mei n c mb r 1 Li r l c tu At ns alegai r s t f l ngdai :( )NureSc rz bealy onsr ed, ki ' l tons aie he olowi ms 1 s hwat wa dei r t l i fe entt At ns doc e e ne d f adoubl pori di tr a e t hi s lbe a e y ndif r o ki ' um ntd e or e tons e elt d o s hypogl e a;( Lt Shoreli e frdwihAt ns us oft gre nc pr ce e;( Lt yc mi 2) . t l ntree t ki ' e he iva e o dur 3) . Shorel de e At nsc e ofm e ca r or a gre t l nid ki opi s di l ec ds nd ivanc hene d f hi c t es ede or s our pr e ngs ( Ofier Shat a Se r wer dei rtl i fe e t At ns me c ne d oce di ;4) fc s rk nd as e lbeaey ndifr nt o ki ' dial e f abotom bunk;( Ofie Seasmica sfe At nsf at burkasinme ,i vi ai or t 5) fc r r slsiid ki or op l sg nt n olton ofhi duepr s rght'a ( SheifFa yknew fom At ns'gre nce a a1oft s oce s i s nd 6) rf de , r ki iva s bout 1 he ot rdef nda s c tt i vi a i ,bu di nothep At ns Asr le i t saci n, he e nt ' onsiutonal oltons t d l ki . e if n hi to At issae t a h i se i t b mo e t a oh r ala dt r c iemo e d ma e . (d. kn tts h t e s e kng o e v d o n te j i n o e ev n y a g s4 I , p.1 ) 5. D i si seus on A. St andar ofRevi w d e Pli ifscai ca s vi amoto t dimisunde Rul 1 b)6)unls h antf' l ms nnot ur ve in o s s r e 2( ( es e S ea f c ua c e t ta l t cou tt dr w t r a ona ei e e et tt de e nt i ds a t l ont nt ha lows he r o a he e s bl nf r nc ha he f nda pl 4 I t s ae cour ac i , n he t t t ton At isas mo e fra q it n o c u s l Be a s tec ut kn lo v d o p onme t f o n e. c u e h o r d e n t a efn igt g yatre st rp ee tn ie t lilia t,h c ut laka atre o s o h v u dn o a ton y o e rsn idg n cvlig ns te o r wi s n t n y t l o t t on r es aton l s cas onl upon fndi t s a pl ntf demonsr t a vibl cl m o ake epr ent i n uch es y i ng hat uch ai if taes a e ai a e ptonalcicum sancesham pe i hi a lt t pr enthi cas . Gor v.Lee 574 F. nd xce i r t rng s biiy o es s e don ke, 2d l1 ,11 4( t Ci.1 8) Co v. 47 5 4h r 97 ; ok Boun ,51 F.d 7 9 (t Ci.1 ) Thec ur heei fnd t t ds 8 2 7 4 h r 975 . o t r n i s ha At nsf l t sat avi econsiutonalcl m agai tany oft def nda s, and t r or t cour ki ais o t e abl tt i ai ns he e nt he ef e, he t de e hi moto f ra pont ntofc uns l DE 2 6, 1 ) nis s in o p i me o e ( 3- p. 2 . i la ef t mico s ibl or he s nduc al ed.'As r tv. nbal 556 U. 66 1 S.Ct 1 t leg ' hc of l , S. 2, 29 . 937,1 949 ( ) BelAtani Cor v. 2009 ; l l tc p. Twombl 55 U. 544,570( v, 0 S. 2007)(i ngmotont ds s fndi i o imis p o el g a tdwh r plitf' fcu lalg to sd n tsaeç lu il'cam f rrle r p ry r n e ee anifs a t a l ai n o o tt ç a sb e' li o eig. e p The c pl i m us a l ge f c s s fc en Eso r i e a r ghtt r le above t s c a i l vel' om a nt t le a t uf i i t it a s i o e i f he pe ul tve e , t rby û i t )camsa r st lnefo c ei bl t plusbl ''Azi v. colc. hee nudggngj heg li cos he i r m onc va e o a i e.' z Al a 1 , F. 388,391(t Ci. 1 (is atrtoni orgna)( tngTwombl 55 U. ne.658 3d 4h r 201 ) frt leai n ii l quoi v, 0 S. a 5 5 5 0 .A Rue 1 ()moin fr u g n o tepla ig ta a s rst d fns o t 5 , 7) l 2 c to o j d me t n h e dn s h t set he ee e f fiur t saeacl m i g r byt smesa ar a i bl t a 1 b)6)moton. al e o tt ai s ovened he a tnd ds pplca e o 2( ( i Bur c Br dca tncCo.ofDea r v. ki Ra oCom.278F. 401, - ( h Ci. ba h oa si lwae El ns di , 3d 40506 4t r 2 0 )(iigEd r sv Civo Gods o o 1 8F.d2 ,43( t Ci.1 9 ). 0 2 ctn wad . t f l b r , 7 3 312 4h r 9 9 ) I a es i whehe t pl ntf ha pld s fcintf c st sa ea cai , hec t t n ddr sng t r he ai if s e ufi e a t o tt l m t our mus vi w t f c s i t lghtm os f vor bl t t pl i tf ,buttne no ac eptt l al e he a t n he i t a a e o he a n if t ed t c he eg c us onsdr wn f om t f t a ... e nota ce ast' e unw a r t i e enc s oncl i a r he ac s nd ne d c pt t u r an ed nf r e , u e s na ec usons oragument.'Giraan v. ohns 521F. 298 302 ( h Ci. nr a o bl oncl i , r s' ar t o J on, 3d , 4t r 2008)(nt lquottonsomit . Thec t ta e f t lconcusonst pl ntf i ema ai ted) our mus cc pt acua l i he ai if dr w sçonl t t e e t y a e pl usbl ba ed on t f c ualalega i . Bt z te v. he a ç y o he xt nt he r a i e s he a t l tons ' m e t Fa v, ' F.d , 1 - 3 4, 01 W L 2 9 8 4 * ( t Ci. uy9 2 2 .W h nd s si a 3 No. 1 1 2 2 2 6 5 5 , 6 4h r J l , 01 ) e imisng c pl i f f iur t s a e a c a m upon whi h r le m a be gr t c t m a c i r om a nt or a l e o t t l i c e if y an ed, our s y ons de e bis s m it i s por oft com pl nt a wher a co lcte s sbe wee d he ba e xhi t ub ted n up t he ai , nd e nfi xi t t n E t r alega i oft com pl i ' a a oft pl ntf se bis l he e bi pr is ' U nie l tons he a nt' nd ny he ai i f xhi t , s xhi t eva l . t ' td Sttse rl Consr t s l v. fl .Co.31 F.Supp.2d593,596( D.Va 200 ae x e. tucore nc. Gul ns , 3 E. . 4) (ii Fa te leI sor v.Comme calBuides I ,936F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1 ) ctng vetvil nve t s ri l r.nc. 2d 462, 465 4t r 991; s alo Anhe erBus v.Sc ee s us - ch hmoke,63F. 1 131 ( h Ci.1 ) 3d 305, 2 4t r 995 . 6 Summayj me i pr rwheet r i noge neis a t a maeilfc a r udg nt s ope r hee s nui sue s o ny tra a t nd t emo n p ryi e tte t j d me ta amatro lw.F d R. v. 5 . l 5 () A h vig a t s n ild o u g n s te f a e . Ci P. 6 Ru e 6 c . g n ieis eo maeilfc e it i ra o a l j rr c u dfn byap e o e a c o t e e un su f tra a t x ss f e s n b e uo s o l id rp nd rn e f h e de et tt nonm ovi pa t i e il t ave diti hi f vo .Ande s n v. be t vi nc ha he ng ry s ntted o r c n sa r r o Li ry Lobbv. I , U. 242, ( 986)5 nc.477 S. 252 1 . B. Aledi N eeds cal To sat ac eofa i unde j 1 3, pli ifmus e tbls t heha be n t e aus cton r 98 a antf t sa ih hat s e de i d ofrg sgua ant d by t Consiuto orl wsoft Unied Stt sa t tt s prve i ht r ee he tt i n a he t a e nd ha hi de i to r s t d fom c uc comm itd by ape s a tng underc orofsa el W es prva in e ule r ond t te r on c i ol t t aw. t v. ki , U. 42 (988) Topr t tt co s o me c lteame herc ve At ns 487 S. 1 . ove ha he m e f dia r t nt e ei d am ount t a c tt i lvi a i a i a e m us s ed o ons iutona ol ton, n nm t t how t tpe s ha r onne t w hos c r he w as lo e ae del s ca ds '6 t le co mit d e bied t i a e i f e e ' t hi ç e i m edi lnee .' Es e l v. m te xhi t t ber t ndi f r nce ' o s û rous Ga e 429U. 97,1 1 ( 976) A c tt i lvi ain i t sc e i ve bot a mbl, S. 04- 05 1 . onsiutona olto n hi ontxt nvol s h n o j ciea das be tv c mp e t Theo j ci ec mpo e t sme i ted p i to i b e tv n u j cie o on n . be tv o n n i t f h e rvain s Ss fcenl srous'Fame v.Brnna 51 U. 825,834( 994) A s fce tysrous Eufii ty e i .' r r e n, 1 S. 1 . ufiinl ei m e ca nee i çonet tha be di nos d by aphysca a ma tng team e oronet t di l d s û ha s en ag e i in s ndai r t nt ha 5 l hi pr yt pl di At nsf e n s o ea ngs, ki r quenty r er t hi exhi t aspar ofhi s a e entofhi l ef s o s bis t s ttm s cl m s;wihouts h r er nce,hi alegatonsar concl or and difcul t under t ai t uc ef e s l i e us y fi t o sand.Ther or t ef e, he courtlbe aly consr At ns's isonsasa whol ashi com pl ntand ass r i on hi i rl t ues ki ubm s i e s ai uch, eles s . . e bis i pa ti a r s i d f nd n s mo i t dimisa d mo i f r u me o tepla n xhi t,n r,n dd e sng e e a t ' ton o s s n ton o j dg nt n h e digs und rRul 1 At nss misa iina do ume t i s poto hsmoinfrj gme o t e e 2. ki ub t ddto l c ns n up r f i to o ud nt n he pe di a mo i f j gme ta ama tro lw.Thee o e t c ur mus a e st s mo ins la ngs nd ton or ud n s te f a rf r ,he o t t ddrs he e to u e t smmayj me tsa dadstf t i Rul 5 Se Rul 1 ( . nd rhe u r udg n tn r e orh n e 6. e e 2d) 6 Esele applest Ei h Am endmentt medi cl m sby convi ed prs s l i notcl tl i he ght o cal ai ct ioner . t s ear f om At ns'pl ngswhet he wasapr raldet nee ora c ct f on a t tme oft aleged r ki eadi her eti ai onvi ed el t he i he l vi a i . Cl msconcer ng contnementcondii i pos upon pr raldet neesa e t be oltons ai ni i tons m ed eti ai r o eval ed unde t Due Pr uat r he ocessCl e,r hert n undert Ei h A mendm e .Bel v.W olis 44l aus at ha he ght nt l t h, U. 5 ,5 - 38( 979 .Duepr e spr c i spuns nto adean ebeor prpe a j diainof S. 20 35 5 1 ) oc s os rbe ihme f tie f e o r d u c to guithasbeen accom pls d.1 Asa pr tcalmater however t cont soft Due Pr es Cl e l ihe d. ac i t, , he our hc oc s aus i t j l o e ttndt b c xtnsvewi t es bsa tv c nsiuto lp i i e a idvi t e n he aic ntx e o e oe e i t h u tn ie o tt ina rncpls ppl a h h e Eih hAme me tt c nvit di ts Se Hilv. c de ,9 F. 98 9919 ( t Ci.1 2) gt nd n o o ce nmae . e l Nio mus 79 2d 7, -2 4h r 99 . 7 i s ob oust te a l y per o w oul e iy r c s o vi ha ven a sn d as l e ogni e t ne s t f a doc o ' z he ces iy or trs atn in. l v S e e 5 5F.d2 5 2 (t Ci. 0 8 .Th s b e tv c mp n n i me i te to ' ko . hrv , 3 3 2 , 41 4h r 2 0 ) e u j cie o o e t s t f ' a pr s of i i i Cde i r t y i f e e ,' ha i i he (t s ofa di r r a e s i i on fc al s s lbe a el ndif r nt' t t s f t now l nd s ega ds n xce sve r s t i a e hea t ors f t ' Far e ,51 U . a 837. i k o nm t lh a e y. ' m r 1 S. t Qu si n o me c lud me taeno s b e t oj iil e e u de j1 8 , selv eto s f dia j g n r t u j c t udca rviw n r 9 3 Ru sl . Shefr 528F. 31 ( t Ci.1 ,a neglge di noss i dve tntfiur t pr de fe, 2d 8 4h r 975) nd i nt ag i,na re al e o ovi tea m e , m edi alm a pr c i do notpr e c tt i na de i tons Es e l ,429 U . r t nt and c l a tce es nt ons iuto l prva i . t le S. a 1 -1 t 05 06. A cc di y,a c a m c er ng a di a r e e be w e a i a e a m e c or ngl l i onc ni s g e m nt t en n nm t nd di al pe s me r r ng di r or l ega di agnos sa c s ofteam e doesnotge r ly i i aet Eiht i nd our e r t nt ne al mplc t he g h Ame ndme .W ra v. lns 766F. 8 8 ( hCi.1 . nt iht Coli , 2d 41, 49 4t r 985) 1. N urse Schw art z At nsr i e s t ntaly t s m e a l ga i a ns N ur e Sc a t i hi pr vi us ki a s d ubs a i l he a le tons gai t s hw rz n s e o c e, t nsv.Sc a t Cas N o.7: 1 0 3. Bas o A t ns a l ato a t as A ki hw rz, e 1 CV 049 ed n ki ' leg i ns nd he gre nc a doc e sa t c t hi co pl i t t c t ot d t tN ur e Sc i va es nd um nt t a hed o s m a n , he our f m ha s hwarz a t nd ohe alme c pe s t rj i dial ronnelddeer nedt tAt ns c ton a t yobsr idi no s t mi ha ki ' ondii s he eved t d t w ar nt... ovi nghi t do epo ton dit' nd i t a de i d t ti wa a opra e ra pr di m he ubl ri e 'a nse d c de ha t s ppr it û o contne hi i t m edi aluni f c os obs v ton ofhi s pt s ' I ,M e .Op.4t t i m n he c t or l e er a i s ym om .' d. m 5, Oc .31 2011 The c tr ed t e n i A t nsco d de onsr t t thi hypogl m i t , . our ul hat ve f ki ul m t a e ha s yce a cons iut d a s r ous m e ca ne hi s i s o di no s tt e ei di l ed, s ubm s i ns d t uppor a c ai t tN ur e Sc t l m ha s hwarz t ac ed w ih de i r t i f e enc t t tne 1 at5. t t lbe a e ndif r e o ha ed. d. Nur eSc rzas e t t tAt ns a lga i a i the i t i t nta ton a e s hwa t s rs ha ki ' le tons ga ns r n he nsa c i r s antaly t sam e asi Cas N o.7: lCV 00493,and are si iarl i uf i entt s ubst i l he n e 1 m l y ns f ci o uppor a t c a m t ts w a de i r t l i f e e t A t ns m edi lne . The c tagr es At ns' l i ha he s lbe a e y ndif r nt o ki ' ca eds our e . ki 8 s b sin a awho e i t sa to a di Ca eNo. 1 CV0 4 , idc t ta tej i' u miso s s l,n hi cin n n s 7:1 0 937 n iae h t h als m ed c s a fw a w e la a e ofA t ns hy i al t f s l w r ki ' pogl e i m o t ed hi c yc m a, nior s ondii a pr de ton, nd ovi d c r.Vaiu s bmiso si t rc r idc t t a tej i' me ia saf b s do t er a e ro s u si n n he e o d n iae h t h als d c l tf, a e n h i a s s m e ofAt ns'c r ntco ton a s s e s nt ki ure ndii nd ympt i t f l of2011, ovi d teame oms n he al pr de r t nt a ac m m oda i f A t ns hypogl ce i ,i udi r gul rt s s ofhi bl s zl ve nd co tons or ki ' y m a ncl ng e a e t s ood uga e l a a omm oda i ofhi dit r ne dswih d l s c .8 At ns a lga i r fe thi belef nd cc ton s eay e t aiy na ks ki ' le tons e l c s i t tN ure Sc ha s hwarz s d ha pr de hi t doubl pori dit ba ed o t team e t houl ve ovi d m he e ton e , s n he r t nt or r f A t ns by doc or i 2003 a 2007,r t r t n w aii t r e ve A t ns c r nt de ed or ki t sn nd a he ha tng o ec i ki ' ur e medialr co dsand te t tor r fom aphysc a whohad r vi we hi c r nts c e r r a men de s r ii n e e d s ure ympt m s o . At nsa s di a e wih t medi lsaf sdecson t ho ehi i t me c uni t ki lo s gr es t he ca t f ii o us m n he dial t o moniorhi c ton a w ih t m e c as e s e ssa fpe f m ed whiehewa t r t s ondii nd t he dial s s m nt tf r or l s he e. Suc di a e e s be w e n m e c lpe s h s gr em nt t e di a r onne and t patentove t appr i t co s of l he i r he opr a e ur e team e tdo nots r t n uppo tafndi ofdei r t i fe e e unde Fa m e a Esele.9 Because r i ng lbe a e ndif r nc r r r nd t l At ns s isonsf i t s ki ' ubm s i a l o how t tNur eSc rzacedwih delbe ae i fe e t hi ha s hwa t t t i r t ndif r nce o s me ia ne d ,h c u t rn st en re' moinf r u g n o t epla ig .F rt sme d c l e s te o r g a t h u s s to o j d me t n h e dn s o he n 7 l addr si t pa i m oton t dim i underRul 1 , t coul m a t notce ofiem s n es ng he rtes' i o s ss e 2 he ' y ake i t t i t publcr d,such ast document s n he i ecor he s ubmit i At ns'pr ouslw s t Cas No. ted n ki evi a ui, e 7:1 049 wiho tc nv ri t pe i moinsit moi sfrs 1 CV0 3, t u o etng he ndng to no ton o ummayj dg n.Se Phii r u me t e l ps v. t Cou yM e Hos 5 F. 1 6,l 0( t Ci. 0 ( ii ohe c s s; a tn- nc av. Pit nt m. p. 72 3d 7 8 4h r 20 9) ctng t r a e l M ri Ba ur ' Vigi aDept.ofM ent Healh, 64 F.S p. 72 73 n. ( D. . 09 (a ngno ieofsae r ni al t 0 up 2d 9, 2 1 E. Va 20 ) tki tc tt - he rngo f rsde so saec ur b if a o d r a data c ito saea mi sr tvehe rng . ai fke ' ciin, tt o t res nd r e, n rns rp f t t d nitai a i ) 8 I At ns'r n ki espons t Schw a z' moton, eo rt s i hea t t a tej i saft se At n 'bl d dmis h t h al t f e td kis oo s ugarand sari on Sept m be 16,2011 pr ded hi wih daiy snacksa a extam ealon da t tng e r , ovi m t l nd n r ys wh nt al y s r e t me s ( 1 pp. - l - , 3. e hej ionl e v d ' wo al. DE 8, 24; 8 1 p. ) At nspr desdocum ent i i ca i t ton Ja y 14, 201 t Page Count J l ki ovi aton ndi tng ha nuar 2, he y ai m edi saf began pr di At nsw ih a doubl pori dit ( 1 ,p. ) Co tayt At n ' cal t f ovi ng ki t e tons e . DE 8 5. n rr o kis b lelt sfc do sno s pp ta if rnc t a Nu s Sc wa t o ot r a l ia sa fkn ngy eit hi a t e t u or n n e e e h t re h rz r he j i medc l tf owi l pr ded At nsw ih tea mentt twas notappr i e f hi condii ast obs ved i, s as t ovi ki t r t ha oprat or s ton hey er t o o s ae a cl m ofdelber t i fer e underEsele. tt ai i a e ndif enc tl - 9 ra o s At isfist de nsrt t a h i e tte t j d me ta amatro lw.Th rf r , e s n , kn al o mo tae h t e s nild o u g n s te f a eeo e t cour de e At ns motonsf j he t nis ki ' i or udgme tast t sdee an . n o hi fnd t 2. O f cers Shank and Sears fi At nss sOfi r Sha a Se r f as i ni hi t mpor rl t at bunk, ki ue fce s nk nd a s or sg ng m e a iy o op at lhough t m e c saf ha notl e e ' m media l f t sc he di al t f d G ar d'hi cl c ly or hi hange.I s por oft s n up t hi cl i ,At nsr leson t o i a e r ques f m sda e O c obe 1 2011, r s e f o At ns am ki e i w nm t e t or t d t r 9, add e s d r m ki t Se s ( 1 1 pp.1 1 ) Ononefr makeda tlda 8: a. ,At nsi o d o ar. DE 3- , 2- 3. o m, r s ie t 45 m. ki nfnne Se r t thewoul lket qua iy asatusy t e n g tm ef cla ng t pod;Se r ' a s ha d i o lf r t o ar ood i or e ni he as r pons sa e C Iexpl i atusym us ge a ova t ough Ofk er ... es e t t d: t As aned r t t t ppr l hr t s You a ebo t r tom e yt ng- Nose al d.Sopl s donlj goupt se onmybe f' (d.p.1 ) On ver hi tps lowe ea e 't he tps hal ' l , 2. t s ond f m ,fl a 3: p. . he s m e da A t ns a gue t Se r t thi m e ca he ec or ied t 45 m t a y, ki r d o a s ha s di l c ton s d no pr ve hi f o be ng a tus y;Se sr s nde t s m e da ondii houl t e nt m r m i r t ar e po d he a y: Yourtusy a i ton i i t pr ce sofbei c i r d.M e c ha c e r d r t pplca i s n he o s ng onsde e di al s l a e you fom al housng r titonss t ti t ke ca eof You ar no l nge r 1 i esrc i o ha s a n r . e o r r quie t haveabotom bt o sarr srci .Thi i good. So now lc c e rd o t mk r t i e titons ss he k wih ofk e sf a oval. t t r or ppr s (#= p.1 ) At nsase t t tSe r 'rs e ont s f mspr t Sha a Se r kne J . 2. ki s rs ha a s e pons s he e or ove hat nk nd a s w , t tmedia ha notc e r d At nsf at bunk a sgnme . ha cl d l a e ki or op si nt Theco tfndsnoevi nc ofde i r t i fe e e he e.Se r 'r pons si c t ur i de e lbe a e ndif r nc r a s es e ndi ae t tt sofierha r ei dif rng a ount ofAt ns'me c r srci on t s m eda ha hi fc d ec ved fe i cc s ki di al e ti tons he a y i Oc obe ,a At nsof e sno e a ton oft sdic é nc At nsf ist ofe a ot r n t r nd ki f r xpl nai hi s r pa y. ki a l o f r ny he i o m a i s i t t Sea s o Sha k w on N ovem be 11 a 1 , 2011, ha At nsha a nf r ton how ng ha r r nk ne r nd 4 t t ki d ser ousm edi need t be ass gned t a botom bt k. l t m er y f l t ver f A t ns' i cal o i o t m f hey el aied o i y ki s at w ih m edi bef changi hi bunk as gnm ent such neglgentm i t t us t cal ore ng s si , i sakesar not e s t i tt s a e a c tt i lcl i . Se Bow rnc v. odw i 551 F .2d44, ( h Ci. ufk en o t t ons iutona a m e i G n, 48 4t r 10 1 7 )(i dngt a ( le ai n o me en g ie c , sa eo d fee c ofo no 'a e 9 7 fn i h t û lg to s f r e lg n e mitk r ifrn e piin' r a i ufi e t saeEi hAme ns fcint o tt ght ndme cli . nt am) A t ns a s pr ent no f c s s ki l o es s a t ugge tng t thi m i c as i i ato t a t bunk a t aly s i ha s s l s fc i n o op cu l pl c hi atr s or c us hi a s r ousphys ca ha m . 1 A fer shank t a a At ns a ed m ik a ed m ny e i i l r 0 t ook w y ki ' bo t m bt a sgnment anot i ae lthi see on t bo t bunk a to mk s i , her nm t e m l p he tom nyway. Ass on as o At nsla e t tSea sha r c a s/e hi t at bunk, ki t d s e a uthe ki e m d ha r d e l s i d m o op At ns ol om one bo r e r ,a At nswasr l s ii Alho At nsc pl ne aboutt lm ie prvieg i ror nd ki ec a sfed. t ugh ki om ai d he i td i l es n t eca stc to t t h do sn t l g ta h s fee a yij z d rnghi b ifsa i ta h ls i ain mi, e e o al e h t e u frd n n u y u i s re ty n h t i e uni. Fi ng t tAt ns s t ndi ha ki ' ubm i s ons do notpr s ntf ss a i a c tt i lc a m si e e ad t tng ny onsiutona l i a i tOf i r Sha and Se s ' t e c r gr nt def nda s m o i t di m i s Fort s m e ga ns fce s nk ar , 1 h ou t a s e nt ' ton o s s . he a r a o s At n fist d mo taet a hei e tte t j d me ta amatro lw.Theeo e e s n , kis al o e nsrt h t s n i d o u g n s te f a l rf r, t c u t e isAt n ' to f r u g n a t te ed fn a s he o r d ne kis mo ins o j d me t s o h s ee d nt. 3. Sherif Farl f ey At ns s e t hol t s r f la e f N m s So a t s f iur t m o de hi ki e ks o d he he i f i bl o< e hw rz' a l e o vi m a o it m e ca ca e. Thi cai hasnom e i. Thes rf rghtuly r le on t o ni of ppr pra e di l r s lm rt he if i f l ei d he pi on tej i' me ia safa t t p o e c u s o te t nt o At i ' ure tme ia h als d c l tf s o he r p r o re f rame f r kns c rn d c l s oms.M ite v. or 896F. 8 85 ( hCi.199 .M orove,ast c t ympt lir Be n, 2d 48, 4 4t r 0) e r he our 1 sC st i erv. W ae s 9 F. 1 , 38 - 381( hCi. 993 ( saeacam 0 e rckl tr, 89 2d 375 1 0 1 4t r 1 ) To tt li concer ng hazar ni dousprson lvi condii ,i a emus show t he hass t ned a s i or i i ng tons nm t t hat usai erous sg fc n me t l ph ialij r a ar s to t c le ge c ndiins. iniia t n a or ysc n u y s e ul f he haln d o to ) 1 At nsalegest Sear r ssgned hi t at bunk i realaton f a grevance. Beca e 1 ki l hat s ea i m o op n t i i or i us At nsofer no f st s ki f s act o upportt schar t i i ofSear motves he f l t s ae an actonabl hi ac erzaton s' i , ais o t t i e r t iton cl m agai tagans Se s. SeeAdamsv.Ri ,40 F.3d72, 4 ( hCi.1 9 (i igt t e ala i ai ns i t ar ce 7 4t r 9 4) fndn ha c ncus y alg to o rt ito aeno s fce tt saej 1 3cl m) o l or le a ins f ealain r t ufiin o tt 98 ai . ' At nsalo hasno due pr scl m bas on hi t por r l ofprviegesi t m edi uni ki s oces ai ed s em a y oss i l n he cal t ort cl sii i uni. Changesti a prs he as fcaton t tn ioner' l ton, vara i ofdaiy r i changesi s oca i itons l outne, n c dii sofc fn me t(ncudi a mi srtv s g e a in) a t ed nilo p i lg s(r ) on ton oni e n i l ng d nitaie e r g to , nd h e a f rvie e ae matr whihe r p ion rc na tcp t (ndwhih)a ec nemplt db hi orgna s ne cet tes c vey rs e a n iiae a c r o t ae y s ii l e tn o prs ' t ,s c ion'; hus uch hangesdo notti rggerdue pr spr ectons. Gason v.Tavl ,946 F. 340,343 oces ot i t or 2d ( t Ci. 9 ) 4h r 1 91 . co l ncudest tAt nsf ist sa e ac am t tNur eSc rzde i d hi ofco tt inal ha ki a l o tt l i ha s hwa t prve m nsiuto ly pr e t d rght , ki a s f ist sa ea c tt i lc am a i tt s rf .Se Sha ot c e i s At ns l o al o tt ny onsiutona l i ga ns he he if e w v.Staud,1 F. 791 799 ( hCi.1 ) r 3 3d , 4t r 994 .Thec r g a st s rf smoto t dimis For ou t r nt he heif' in o s s. t es mera o , ki fist d mo srt ta h i e tte t j d me ta ama trof a h a e s ns At ns al o e n tae h t e s n ild o u g n s te lw. Th r fr ,h c u t e isAt i ' to f r u g n a t t i d fn a t eeo e te o r d ne kns moins o j d me t s o hs e e d n . C . G ri evances and M edi R ecords cal At nsal esva yt tLtShoreli efr wiht gre ncepr ed e .( 1ki leg guel ha . tl ntreed t he iva oc urs DE 1 p.1 ) l ltrs s i ,At nsco ai t tShorelr ponde t g iva esa Le l , 3. n ae ubmisons ki mpl ns ha tl es d o re nc t ves 1 1 , I ,a t , 1 and 1 lhough t gr e he i vanc pr e e i ca e t tt uppe l ve gr e nce s ul be e oc dur ndi t d ha he r e l i va s ho d a d e s db t j ic p an o tes e if l mae d n t a ac nsiui n lyp o e tdrg t d rs e y he al a ti r h h rf. n t s o o h ve o tt to al r tce ih t agre ncepr dur Ada v. c 40F. 72,75(t Ci.1 , ikv. ba,9 F. o iva oce e. ms Rie, 3d 4h r 994) Flc Al 32 2d . 7 , 29(t Ci.1 91 .Theeo e ap io o fca ' fi r t c mpywihaj i' g iv n e 28 7 8h r 9 ) rf r , rs n fiils al e o o l t als re a c u 1 2 pr e ei no a to bl unde j 1 oc dur s t cina e r 983. At nsas co pl i t tShorelr f e t pr de hi wih co e ofhi media ki lo m ans ha tl e us d o ovi m t pis s cl L rcor org iva es ( 1 1 p.1 ) Ot rs si i caet tAt nswa edt s t e ds re nc . DE - , 3. he ubmisons ndi t ha kl nt o ubmi t e c esasexhi t i one ofhi l w s t . At ns ha a t c d num er c esofm e c l hes opi bis n s a uis ki s ta he ous opi di a r co dsa gre nc t hi pl adi and m otons i Cas N o. 11 00493,i t sc e a e r nd i va es o s e ngs i n e 7: CV n hi as , nd i hi sa ec ta ton. At nsf l t s iy a pariulrm e c lr c d o g iva et the n s tt our c i ki ais o pecf ny tc a di a e or r re nc ha wa una et obt n ora r pec i whih i biiy t s i s h co est ac t s s bl o ai ny es t n c na lt o ubm t uc pi o our ha a r ey afe t d hi ltga i e f t.Ther f e, saleg i n t tSho t ldenid hi dve s l f c e s ii ton fors e or hi l ato ha rel e m 1 At nsal com pl nsi l ersubmi i t tShorel' ac i cons iut dif e 2 ki so ai n at ssons ha t ls tons tt ed fer nt tet n o Atisc mp rdt oh rn tsu iyteg iv n epo e ue .Al g du e u l rame t f kn , o ae o te imae sn h re a c rc d rs l e n q a e tea mental doesnotsuppor a cl m ofconsiutonaldeprvâton. SeeM orion v. Gar a y,239 r t one t ai tt l i i rs r Mht F.d 6 ,65 ( t Ci. )(opr a e al o e to cli aItga ti s frtde nsrt t t 3 48 4 4h r 2001 t ove n qu prt cin am, ii n ç t is mo tae ha mu hehasbeen teat dif enty f om ot swih whom he i sm iary st ed and t t une r ed fer l r her t s i l l iuat hat he qual te t ntwa t r s to it ni al pu po e u dic i nain' . rame s he e ul f n e ton or r s f l s rmi to ' ) 12 phot opi f l t sa ea cai ofc tt tona sgnii a .Se Le sv.Ca ey,51 U. oc es ais o t t l m onsiu i l i fc nce e wi s 8 S. 3 351( 996)(i ngt ti t cami de a ofie r ae t a e soft cou t mus 43, 1 fndi ha nmae li ng nil tms eltd o cc s he rs t s t tt de i tonçhi r dhi efo t t purueal lcai '.Se as Si how ha he prvai ç nde e s frs o s ega l m') e lo mmonsv. Ka ra No. - 6 , 0 7W L 2 37 3 * ( D. 1. 0 7 (iigd cso )(i igt a v i, 07 31 8 2 0 9 01 , 2 C. 112 0 ) ctn e iins fndn h t i t ha noc tt i lrg t ac ofhi media rco ds.Thecour grnt Lt nmae s onsiutona iht o opy s cl e r ) t a s . 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