-RSB Peoples v. Commonwealth of Virginia Carroll County, No. 7:2011cv00573 - Document 15 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 12/6/2012. (kab)
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C E KSOF IEUS DS C U T L R A 9 A d il O R X TFC N x , . O FIED L I THE INI N J TED STATES m sTm c' cot ' r m r FOR THE W ESTERN DI CT OF VI NI STRI RGI A DEC C' 2 1 6 02 R O A NO K E DI SI N VI O a c. D E , ERK uL Y CL BY; DANNY LEE PEOPLES, CkERK I. M EM O RANDUM OPI O N NI Pett oner, ii CA SE N O .7: - 11 CV 0057 3 V. CO M M O N W EA L TH O F VI G I A , R NI By: Jam e C .Tur s k Seni Unied St es D i ri Judge or t at st ct R espondent . Da LeePe e (t tto r' S opl ' afdeali t pr e ngDr K,fld nny opls < iine'or E es), e r nmae oce di o ie pe pe t speii f awrtofha scor plrua t 28U. C.j225 Peo esc lnge t hi tton or i bea pus zs nt o S. 4. pl hale s he v l iyo hi c ni e n p ru n t te2 0 j g n o t Cic i Colt fCar l Comt ai t f s o tn me t u s a t o h 0 9 ud me t f he r ut t o rol t y d r rvo nghi pr bain.Re ponde fldaMotont Dimis( No.8) a Pe e e ki s o to s nt ie i o s s ECF , nd opls rs eponde ( No.1 , ki t matrrpef diposton.Afe rviw oft r c d,he d ECF 2) ma ng he te i or s ii tr e e he e or t cour gr nt t moton t dim isPe pl 'c am sastm e ba r t a s he i o s s o es l i i - red. 1. I J 2005,Pe e pl d g ly t pos es i ofa Sc dul 1 dr g a w as g ve a n une opl s e uit o s s on he e 1 u nd i n t e - a s pe hr e ye r us nded s nt eby t Cicui Cour ofCa r lCount On J nua y 7,2009, e enc he r t t rol y. a r Pe e pl d guit i f de alc tt ac r ofco piac t pos e swih i e t diti e opl s e ly n e r our o ha ge ns r y o s s t nt nt o srbut m o e t n 5 gr sofc ai he w ass nt nc d t 1 m ont i pr s e .The c c i r ha 0 am oc ne; e e e o 20 hs m ionm nt onvi ton consiut avi ai ofPe es sa epr ton a 1 t saecour t hol ar vocai n tt ed ol ton opl ' tt oba i nd ed he t t to d e to heai onFebr r 1 2009.OnAprl1 2009,hesaec t eedfna j rng uay 2, i 6, t tt our entr i ludgme rvoki nt e ng Pe es s pe d s nt nc a i opl ' us nde e e e nd mposng atr ofo ye rand sx mont , o bes r d i em ne a i hs t e ve ppea . l c e utvet hi f de als nt nc 1Peoplsdi nota ons c i o s e r e e e. e d Peo esfl d a pe ii f a w rtofha asco pusw ih t Ci c tCour f Ca r l pl ie tton or i be r t he r ui t or r ol Count on De e be 9,2009, ch t tc tde e on Aprl20,201 Peo e s e nty y cm r whi ha our nid i 0. pls ubs que l fl aNotc ofAppea wih t Cour ofAppe l ofVigi a,whih ta f re t c et t ied ie l t he t as r ni c r ns e r d he as o he Supr m eCour ofVigni Afe dimi sng a s e nty gr ntng ar mi t Supr m e e t r i a. tr s s i nd ubs que l ' i a ehe ng, he e Co tofVigi adim is d Pe e 'peii f a ur r ni s s e opl s tton or ppea on Aprl1, 1 Pe ii rt nfld l i 201 . ttone he ie t speii onNove r18, 1,se ngr le ptrua t 28U. C.j2254. hi tton mbe 201 e ki eif ls nt o S. l hsj2 5 p tto , o lsalg st a hewa d ne t ef ciea ssa c o n i 2 4 eiin Pe pe l e h t e s e id he fe tv sitn e f c e i hi saervocai pr e ngs Spedt ly, poi st ( )c e' al ed ounsl n s tt e ton oc edi . kal he nt o 1 ounsls leg f lzet ade t l i or t c ta ailr o qua ey nf m he our boutt a r eefe t ofa c e utve s nt nc o he dve s f c s ons c i e e e n Pe p e ' b l yt p riiaei f d r l n grh b l ainp o r ms a d( )c un e ' fiu et o ls a ii o a t p t n e ea d z e a ii to r g a , n 2 o s ls alr o t c t a p a terv c to j d me td s iePe pe ' e u s t a h d s . p e lh e o ain u g n, e pt o ls r q e t h t e o o I I. A . St ut ofLi iatons at e m t i Ha e spei o sfldl e j2 5 aes be t oao ey a pei do l tto t t b a tt n ie md r 2 4 r u j c t n - e r ro f i ain ha i mi be nst r on t l t toff ur da es gi o un he a es o t : ( ted t o whiht ej d me t e a fn l yt ec ncuso o drc A) h ae n c h u g n b c me ia b h o l in f ie t r vi w ort e r ton oft tm e f r s ki s h r vi w ; e e he xpi a i he i o ee ng uc e e 1 l i uncl whet t ti courtor ed t s e t r cons i t orconcur e ts ear her he ral der he ent nce o un ecutve o r nt wih Pettoner sf als e Pe ii raleged t tt s nt e wast be s ved cons i t hi t ii ' eder ent nce. ttone l ha he e enc o er ecutve o s f der s e ECF No.1,at3;s al o Le t fom V a.De tofCor .t l e al ent nce. ee s ter r p' r o nmat Sys. anage ,Fed. e M r M e Ct.Aug. ,2 9) ECF No.1 Re po e t ho v r noe t tt çe c tono de e trdby d. r ( 5 00 , 2. s nd n a we e , ts ha he s vo ai r r nee r t sat cicui c ts d not ng one wa ort ot rr di w het rt s nt he t e r t our ai hi y he he egar ng he he e ence i mpos a t t ed t ha tm ewast nm cons cutvel orconc r nty wih any f a t m .'ECF N o.1 at6- Att stm e i o e i y ur e l t eder l er ' 0, 7. hi i , t r cor f om t Cicui Cour ofCa r lCount i notavaiabl t t sCour.Regar es ,w he hert he e d r he r t t r ol ys l e o hi t dl s t he s encei pos r concur enty orcons utvel hasno i pa on t sCour ' r i t t M oton ent m ed uns r l ec i y m ct hi ts ulng hat he i t Dim ismus begr ed on pr o s s t ant ocedur gr al ounds. 2 ( t daeonwhiht i di ntt tlngana iai c e tdbyStt B) he t c he mpe me o ii pplc ton r ae ae a ton i vi ai oft Co tt i orlwso t Unied St t i r c i n ol ton he nsiuton a f he t aes s emove i d, f t a i a waspr ve e fom tlng by s h St t a ton; he pplc nt e nt d r ii uc ae c i ( t daeo whiht c tt i lrg a sre wa i talyr c ze by C) he t n c he onsiutona iht se td s nii l e ogni d t Supr Cour i t rghtha be n ne y r cogniedby t Supr m eCour he eme q f he i s e wl e z he e t a mader toa tvel a i bl t c e on c l tr r viw ; nd e r c i y pplca e o as s olae al e e or ( t ed t o wh c t efcùa p e iaeo t ecam o camsp e e tdc ud D) h ae n ih h a t l rd c t f h li r li r s ne o l ha bee dic e t oug t e r ie ofdue dii nc ve n s over d hr h he xe c s lge e. 2 U. C. 2 4 ( )1 . n r l t i p ro be ist r nfo t d t o whc t j d me t 8 S. j 2 4 d ( ) Ge e al h s eid gn o u r m he ae n ih he u g n y, be om e fna- whe t pe ii rhasexha t d hi opporunii t s k diec r e or c si l n he ttone use s t tes o ee r t eviw wh nt et t dos h se prd. e 2 U. C. 2 4 ( )1( . e h i o o a x ie S e 8 S. j 2 4 d ( )A) me Thesa eco ts nt e Peo e on Aprl1 2009,a hi tmet a t t ur e enc d pls i 6, nd s i o ppea e r d 30 l xpie d y ltr ma i t esaej d me tfn l nM a 1 , 00 . e Va S p. . 5 1 a s ae , kng h tt u g n i a o y 8 2 9 S e . u CtR. :4. Ir s ci ofa t lng,Pe est n ha oneyea t pe ii t sco tf r ifunde re pe tve ny oli opl he d r o tton hi ur or ele r j225 Unl sasaut yt lngpr sonore tbl t lnga i t Peopl 'peiindae 4. es tt or oli ovii quia e oli pples o es tto td Nove mber1 20112i i t i l El underj2 d)1 . 8, , t s mtmey ed 244( () B . Toli Is lng sues Un e 2 U. C. 2 4 ( )2 ,h o e y a tl gp ro i tle whl a i maes d r 8 S. j 2 4 d ( ) te n - e r ii ei d s o ld ie n n t' n çp o ry tl d a ia i f St t pos- onviton orot rc l tr lr ew' i E ndi ' lr pe l ie pplc ton or a e tc c i he olae a evi ' s s pe ng. ' ç An a p iaini ir pel fld'(o p r o e o tligu d rj2 4 d ( ) wh nis ç q p lc to s p o ry ie f r u p s s f oln n e 2 4()2 J e t ( delve y a ac ep a e a ei c i r nd c t nc r n ompla wih t a plca e lwsa r l sg m i flngs' ince t he p i bl a nd u e ove ng ii y' whih i l c ncudest pr s rbe t or oft docl e ,hetme lm isupon isdei r t c t he e c i d d m f he l nt t i i t m t lve y, he our a ofi ei whi h i mus be l d,andt r quiietlng f e.' t v.Bemet 531U. 4, nd fc n c t t odge he e st ii e 'Aruz r t S. 2 A prs ' habeaspe ii i deemed fl whe he delver i t prs ofi al f m aii ioners tton s ied n i s t o ion fci s or lng t t ec u t Se Rul 3 d , e Go e ni j225 Ca es o h o r. e e ( ) Ruls v r ng 4 s . 8( 2000)Pe e 'saeha sc . opls tt bea omuspeii a ast ha c id wiht e tton ppe r o ve omple t hes r quie e t ,a Res e r m n s nd pondentdoesnotc le s h c planc ha l nge uc om i e. Th saec u tsj d me t e a fn l nM a 1 , 0 . ttlo 2 5d y t e e tt o r' u g n b c me i a o y 8 20 9 A o a f 0 a s h n e a edt i Peo est l t lmia i pe i by flng ofaha lps mtl pl oled he i ttons rod ii beaspe ii wih t sae tton t he tt c to De m be 9 2009.Thepe i r m anedt l d du i t pe nc oft habe s our n ce r , rod e i ole rng he nde y he a pr e di and t habe a a ,untlt Supr me Cour ofVigi adim is t pe ii oc e ngs he as ppe l i he e t r ni s s ed he tton f a alon Apr l1 2011. not 231 da e a ed be w e n A prl 1 2011 a N ove be 18, or ppe i , A her ys l ps t e i , nd m r 2011 whe Pe e fl t sj2254peii Ac or ngy, da pa s dbeor Pe e tld , n opls ied hi tton. c di l 436 ys s e f e opls se t spe ii n, a ngi 71da l t t rt one ye rpe i oflm ia i c ane i 28 hi tto m ki t ys a e mde he - a rod i t tons ont i d n U. C. 2 4 ( )1( . S. j 2 4 d ( )A) Alhoug Peo eshasnote es l s ug t benei ofe t bl t lngst Cou t t h pl xpr sy o ht he tt quia e oli he r no t l s co i r w he herhe i e il d t i.Equia e t lng i onl a ia e i f de al ne he e s ns de s t s ntte o t t bl oli s y va l bl n e r ha e swheet p tto e s o : 1 hep ru dhsrg t wihra o bedlg n e a d() ba r he ei n r h ws ( ) u s e i ihs t e s na l iie c , n 2 i s ee r r na yc r um sa pr ven e hi fom tmey flnghi ha spe ii See om xtao di r ic f nce e t d m r i l ii s bea tton. Hola v.Fl i lnd orda, U . S. - - , 1 0 S. . 4 2 6 ( 01 ) Eq ia l tli i o l warn e 3 Ct25 9, 5 2 2 0 . utb e o l s n y ra td ng i t e t a e i t nce w he e - t cic s a e e e na t t pa t s ow n c uc - i n hos t r ns a s r r --due o r um t nc s xt r l o he r y' ond t t wo l b u c n co a l t e f rttel tto p ro a ans t p rya d go sij sie ud e n o s in b e o n o c h i ain ei d g i the a t n r s nu tc mi woul r ul.'Gre v.J o 51 F. 290,304(t Ci. ) d es t' e n ohns n, 5 3d 4h r 2008 . Upon ar vi w oft r c d, heonl pos i ebassf rany a gum e t tPe e i e e he e or t y sbl i o r nt ha opl s s e ild t e t bl t lng i t al ga i t hi a t e di notdiecl a a t ntte o quia e oli s he le ton hat s tom y d r ty ppe l he r v c to u g n a h drce a dta ti c u e h sc nvcint b c meûn le rir e o ainj d me t s e ie td n h t h s a sd i o ito o e o a ale t i ot han t herwi w oul have. The courtconcl se d udes,how ever,t even as i t hi couns hat sum ng hat s el f ld t tl an a alasdie t d,t sf l e do no e il Peopl t e t bl t lng.Eve aie o le ppe r c e hi aiur es t ntte es o quia e oli n 4 i Pe eswa noti medit l awa eofhi a t ne sf iur t fl an a f opl s m a ey r s tor y' al e o ie ppea,Pe e kne or l opl s w s o l h v k o o c u e ' f izet a p a a trwrt t tecr utc u tud eo M a h u d a e n wn f o nsls alr o p e l fe ii o h ic i o rj g n y t ng 1 2009, 8, who r ple on J ne8,2009.Se ECF No.1 Exs A an B. e id u e , . d Peopl ofe sno o he es f r t r e a to f rhi 205- y de a i flng asaeha a peii n no hi 231 da de a i flng xpl nai n o s da l y n ii t t be s tto r s - y l y n ii t spe ii Cera nl Pe e ha no s wn t the e r ied r a ona edii e i purui hi tton. ti y, opl s s t ho ha xe c s e s bl lg nce n s ng hi rgh so t ta e r or na y cr lmsa pr ve e hi fom flng atm ey sa eha as s i t r ha ny xta di r icz tnce e nt d m r ii i l tt be peii oratmel j2254peii Therfr ,t Cou tc ude t thei note il t tton i y tton. eo e he r oncl s ha s ntted o equiabl t lng. t e oli 1 11. l c uson,t Cour GRANTS t M o i t Dimi sa he e DI I n oncl i he t he ton o s s nd r by SM SSES t he j225 peii uponfndi t tPeii rscamsaepr dtr l ba rdfom r viw o t 4 tton i ng ha ttone ' li r oce laly re r e e n he meisb c u et e aeu tmeyfldt e j2 4 d ( )A) a db c us hefist rt e a s h y r n i l ie md r 2 4()1( , n e a e al o d emonsr t a gr tae ny ound f sa ut y o eq t et lngoft lm ia i pe i t rt s or tt or r uiabl oli he i t ton rod mde hi s cton. A n a oprat or rw ili s t s da e i ppr i e de l s ue hi y. Pe ii ne i advie t the m a a tto r s s d ha y ppea t s de ii n,purua t Rul s 3 a 4 oft l hi c so s nt o e nd he Fe e a Ru e ofAp elt P o e u e i aj d eo te Uni d S ae Co to Ap asf rte d r l ls p lae r c d r , f u g f h t tts ur f pe l o h e Fourh Cic tort sCour is sac riiaeofa pe lbiiy (t ',plrua t 28U. C. t rui hi t sue e tfc t p aa lt ç COA' zs nt o ) S. j2253/) A c rii t ofa lbiiyma is onl i t a ia hasma as tnta . e tfcae ppeaa lt y sue y f he pplc nt de ubsa il s o n o t ed nilo ac nsi to a rg t j2 3c( ) Towa rn aCOA a t camst a h wig f h e a f o tt in l ih . 25 () 1. u ra t s o li h t adsrc c u t ee t s eyo p o e u a g o n s ap tto rmu t h w ta tu it o r ao itit o r rj cs oll n r c d r l r u d , eiine s s o h t j rss f e s n woul fnd i de t bl whehe t peii sa e a va i cai oft de a ofa c tt i l d i t ba a e t r he tton t t s ld l m he ni l onsiutona rg ta dta j rsso ra o wo l fn i d b tb ewh te teditit o r wa c re ti is ih n h t u it f e s n u d id t e aa l eh r h src c u t s o rc n t pr edzalr i ' Sl k,529U. 473, 4 ( 0)(mpha i a d) oc lr ulng. ac ' S. 48 200 e ss dde . 5 Ba e on t a ve sa r ,t Co tc ude t tPe esi note il d t aCOA. sd he bo t nda ds he ur oncl s ha opl s ntte o Re s na ej rssc ud n td b t t e Co r' c n l in ta h spei o i tme b re a d a o bl u it o l o e ae h u ts o cuso h t i tt n s i - ar d n i t the i no e il d t e tbl t lng.Nor co d t y de t t tPe ii r ha f ie t ha s t ntte o quia e oli ul he ba e ha ttone s a ld o de onsr t 1 s t ntals w i oft de a of a co tt i l rght' The Cour t r f e m t a e ç ubs a i ho ng a he ni l ns iutona i . ' t he e or de i t is a cetfc t ofappe a lt purua t Rul 22( oft Fedea Rul of clnes o sue ny riiae albiiy s nt o e b) he rl es Ap lae Pr edze I Pe ii ri e t a a a s e a ce tfcae ofa pel t oc lr . f ttone nt nds o ppe l nd e k rii t ppeaa lt fom lbiiy r t Unie St t s Co tof Appe l f t Fourh Cic t hi fr t se i t fl a no ie of he t d a e ur a s or he t r ui, s is t p s o ie tc a ppea wih t s c twihi 3 da oft da e ofe r oft s me or ndum o ni a t l t hi our t n 0 ys he t nty hi m a pi on nd he a compa ng or r or wihi s extnde pe i ast c tm a gr ntptr ua t Rul c nyi de , t n uch e d rod he our y a ls nt o e 4 a( ) ()5 . TheCl r i diecedt s nd co e oft sme or ndum opi on a a c pa ng ek s r t o e pis hi m a ni nd c om nyi or rt Pe ii ne a t c m s lofr or f Res de o tt o r nd o ot e ec d or ponde . nt EN TER: Thi s &* d a ofDec mber 201 y e , 2. Se orUnied St t D i t i t dge ni t a es sr c 6