Coles v. Carilion Clinic et al, No. 7:2011cv00555 - Document 26 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 7/13/2012. (ssm)
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CL ERKS OFFI U,S. ST COURT CE DI . ATROANOKE,VA FI LED I THE UN I N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OAN O KE D I I ON V SI JUL 13 2 1 22 JULI DUDL C A EX BY: V ERN ELL E.CO LES, Pl ntf ai i f CA RI ON CLI I LI N C Ci lA c i N o. 1 - vvi ton 7: 1 c 0055 5 M EM O M ND U M O PI I N N O and CA RI ON M ED I L CEN TER, LI CA By: Hon.Gl E. en Conr d a Chi fU nied St t s Di t i tJ e t a e sr c udge D e e nt . f nda s Thi c e i vescli by ablck e oye a i thi e pl r f r il s as nvol a ms a mpl e gans s m oye s or aca har s m e a di c i i ton unde f de a 1 w a f ri t ntona i l c i ofe otona a s nt nd s rm na i r e r l a nd o n e i l nti ton m i l dit e sunde s a e l w .The c e i pr s nty be or t c ton t de enda s'm oton t sr s r tt a as s e e l f e he our he f nt i o dim is Fo t r as t tf l t c twilg a i pa t de i pa tt moto t s s . r he e ons ha olow,he our l r nt n r and ny n r he i n o dim i s s s. 1. Fact and proceduralbackaround ual Ve lE. ls( e o plitf teb a kpan ifi t i c s ,e i e i Ro n k , nwl Coe Cols r an ig,h lc litf n hs a e r sd s n a o e Vigi a ( r ni. Docke No.1a !4. t t )Thedee nt,Caii Clni a Ca ii Media Ce tr fnda s rlon i c nd rlon c l ne (ole tvey,Caii ordef nt) aecopoai don busne si Vigi a.(d. t!!5 c lci l rlon enda s, r r rtons ig i s n r ni l a 6. Col be nwor ngf Caii i Aprl1 a i c r l e oye i Ca ii s ) es ga ki or rlon n i 996 nd s urenty mpl d n rlon' mantna de rme t (d. t! 8. i e nce pa t n . 1 a ) OnNove r7, mbe 2009,Colstl aChageofDic i nai (hage wiht Equal e ied r srmi ton c r ) t he Emplyme OpporuniyCommison( o nt t t si EEOC) ad nci algai ofrc a dia lt , va ng le tons a e- nd s biiybae dicrmi tonanddia lt basdrtlain.( ke No.1 1. l hi EEOC c r , sd s i nai s biiy- e eaito Doc t 0- ) n s hage Colssaedt thewasasi mor me a ts (ucha toie'dutes t not rnonblc e tt ha sgned e nil aks s s û lt' i ) ha he t ak ' K ) e ly e wh s a e t s mej bca sfc to a dt tsn e2 0 , h dbe nd n e l h mpo e s o h rd he a o lsiiai n n ha, ic 0 8 he a e e id i t g d t a fr e t wht en o e swi d sb l is1 (d. t1) Coe f rh ralg dt th h d uy fo d d o ie rply e t ia ii e . I a h t ls u te le e ha e a . b e s b e tdt i e b lrca h rsme t i .i iu to st a g wa jad z d ae, a it e n u j ce o d r a a il aa s n , . ,nsn ain h t he s n g e lr rcs v e dic sonsr gadi t c r ntU.S. e i nt a usgeoft tnn t gg r''(#= susi e r ng he ure Prsde , nd a he e ni e .' J . ) Ac or ngt Col ,hehadmad iknownt ts hlng geofe hi (d. Colsalo c di o es et ha uc a ua fnded m. 1 ) e s a sre t a h h db e d n e ap o to wihntemane n ede rme t ( = On se td h t e a e n e id r mo in t i h itna c pat n . J . #) Fe u l 1 2009,Col m e w ih hi s r i or Ra Penny, o r c ve a pe f m anc br a' 4, y es t t s upe v s , y t e ei r or e e lain (d) Du i t eme tn , e nyç as l a c s d ( ls o n td i gg ij o a d vau to . l . rng h eig P n s ley c u e Coe ) f o o n hs j b n f sae t tg es s ds e dsbiiybe ft orata fr' J ) Thef l ngda Pemy ttd ha col l houl e k ia lt neis rnse . #a '( olowi y, l l r l har sd ( es f t ra t( s me c lr titonsa ca e t g o e û baly ase Col q urhe bou hi) dia esrci nd us d he Emplye ve He lhlDe rme t snd( m)t adocorf e l tonofg s i ime . (d. Afe at pat nt o e hi o t or vauai hil mpar nt' I ) tr ' Col sco pl ne ofdi a lt di c i i to Pe z e c t d Col s i o hi of i e on M a c 5, e m ai d s biiy s rm na i n, m y s ore e nt s f c rh 2 0 , n teepr c e e t dasl a c e Coe )o h vn a c multdeg t( ) 0 9 a d h r o e d d o i ley c us l ls f a ig c u ae ih 8 f t c r e 'a t e tne t tr nae( s e oy nt' (i) Colsc ude hi c r oc urenc s nd hr ae d o emi t hi) mpl me . L ' e oncl d s hage by e es i hi s ntm e t the w a bei di c i i t d a ns a ha a s d t hi r c xpr s ng s e i nt ha s ng s rm na e gai t nd r s ed ue o s a e a dia lt (d. t2. t r e heopi dt thewa ac usdofac nd sbiiy. l a )Furhemor, ne ha s c e cumultnge es ai xc s C cu e es'nrt itonf c ani ofdiabiiy dici nain.(d. l n-nc 'i ealai or ompli ng s lt s rmi to l ) oc On N ove be 23,2011 m or t n t yea sa t rtlng t EEO C c r Col s m r , e ha wo r f e i i he ha ge, e i ta e t sc vi a t o l t co pl i ,Col s a s r st tCa ii m a nt i a r c a l nii t d hi i l c i n. n he m a nt e s e t ha r lon i a ned a i ly hos ie w or e r e a ha as ed a te t d hi d fer nty t n hi no a k cowor r tl k nvionm nt nd r s nd r a e m i f e l ha s nbl c ke s ba e onhi r e.( ketNo.1a ! 1 ) M or s cfc ly,Colsalgest thewas sd s ac Doc t 0. e pe iial e le ha fe tyrf rdt by f lw e oye asa' gg r'a adr gde e ,s j ce t t rquenl eere o elo mpl es ' e ' nd u alr ub e td o he ni diplyofs c e a anoos i t wor ac ,s j ce t rfrnc st t KuKlx Kln s a ha kls nd e n he kpl e ub e td o eee e o he u a 1 AlhoughCol m a veiedr ernce i hi cha g t adia lt , he di notexplc ty a tcul e t e ct t es de l ef e s n s r e o s biiy d i il r i at he xa na r ofhi ale dia lt me s lged s biiy. a dt elnc igo ab a kma , u j ce t smia rcal d r g tr r maksc n enn te n h y hn f lc n s b e td o i lr a il e o ao y e r o c r ig h y clr n Pr sde oft Unie St t s de e pr tre t e i nt he t d a e , nid omotons a i tucedt pe f m deg a ng i , nd nsr t o ror r di wor a sgmne s (d. t! 11) De pieCaii spolc pr vi ngt tt co nywoul k s i nt. I a . s t rlon' iy o di ha he mpa d pr m o e f om w ihi isr nksbef e hii out i w or r ,Col s a l gest tone m a ge o t r t nt n or rng sde ke s e le ha na r i or dhi t thewo dne ra nc bec us hewa ad t es nige .'(d. Anot r nf me m ha ul ve dva e a e s t hl s g r' I ) wor he ma a e sae t t lso ti e hs o o l t e a s o t eNAACP, ta h wa aka y n g r ttd ha Co e b an d ij b ny k c u e f h b 'ht e s iz ' l ni r' a t tt m a ge de ied t t r i t Col sbuti oul notfgur ou how t do i.' gge ,' nd ha he na r s r o e m na e e ' d c i e t o t' (4) Col f t ralgest tonewor rcamedt beame roft Ku Kl Klna L. es urhe le ha ke li o mbe he ux a nd rpo tdl diplye aKlnbetbuc ea wo k.(#. Ba e ont efcua ale i ,Cols e re y s a d a l kl t r J ) s d hes a t l lgatons e ad nc s t o c us ofa i i hi c pl nt fr t a cl i f r c di c i i ton a va e w a es cton n s om ai : i s, a m or a e s rm na i nd rtlain, s ntt 42U. C,j1 1( 1 1 andTil Vl oft Ci lRiht Ac of1 eaito purua o S. 98 j 98 ) te I he vi g s t 964, 42U. C.jj2000e, ts q.Til V1) a sc acam f i e i i lci of S. e e ( te l; nd, e ond, li or ntntonalnfiton emoi dites (l , s ntt Vigi alw. tonal sr s lED) purua o r ni a On M a c 2, 2,Ca ii fl d a m oton t dim i spor i oft co pl i t pur ua r h 201 rlon ie i o s s tons he m a n , s nt t F d r l l o Cii P oc d r 1 ( )1 a d l ()6 .( c e No 9) M o es e iial, o e e a Rue f v l r e u e 2 b ( ) n 2 b () Do k t . . r p cfc l y Ca io c n e d t a, u s a tt Ru e1 ( ( ) tec u ta kss be t te j rs ito o e rl n o tn s h tp ru n o l 2b)1,h o r lc u jc matr u idcin v r i c r a n as c s oft pl i if s Til V l r c aldi c i i t o a ha as m e c ai ,due t a e t i pe t he a ntf te l a i s rm na i n nd r s nt l m o f iur t e us a i sr tve r m e es Ca ii f t ra guest t pur ua t Rul a l e o xha t dm ni ta i e di . r lon urhe r ha , s nt o e 1 b)6 , e ha fie t saeacam upo whihr le c nbegr tdwih rs c t t 2( () Cols s ald o tt li n c eif a ane t epe t o he s a e l s 11 1 c a r Col fl d hi brefi o t t a v 1 !7 l in. es ie s i n pposton t t m oto o M a c 1 201 ii o he i n n r h 3, 2. ( ke No.11. Caii tl isrpl bre onMac 20,201 ( ke No.1 ) Doc t ) rlon ied t e y if rh 2. Doc t 2. The c thea d a gum e on t m oto on J m e 26, 2. A tt co l i oft our r r nt he in t 201 he nc us on he he rng,t co te ese isi e i t de yt Rul 1 b)1 motonwihr pec t t ai he ur xpr sd t ntnton o n he e 2( ( ) i t es t o he har m entporton oft Til V1 cl m and t gr t m oton w ih r ass i he te l ai o ant he i t espectt t r alaton o he et i i pori oft Til VI cli .Fu t r e,hec tgr nt t pl i iff te da i ton he te l am rhe mor t our a ed he antf oure n ys n whih t ame hi compl ntwih r s c t t f iu e t pr c o nd s ai t e pe t o he al r -o- omot pori oft Til VI e ton he te 1 cl i a w ih r pe tt t I ED c a m . The c tgr nt Ca ii t n da f o t ttm e i a m nd t es c o he I li our a ed rlon e ys r m ha i n whih t r w ismoton t dim ist a ndedpori oft c c o ene t i o s s he me tons he ompli . Theco tsae ant ur t td t t a t Ca ii r ne ed ism oton,t co t oul de i t m oto o t pl a ng . ha , fer rlon e w t i he ur w d c de he i n n he e di s Thepl i iffl d a ame d c m pli o J 27,201 a ndoni t r t iton antf ie n nde o ant n une 2, ba ng he eala i cl i ,b pl adi m or de aie f c uala l ga i r a ed t t f l e-o- om ot a I ED a m ut e ng e t l d a t le tons elt o he aiur t pr e nd I cli .( ke No. . W ihr pec t t pli ifsfiur t pr ecai heal esi ams Doc t 21) t es to he antf al e o omot l m, leg n t a e d com pl ntt the i c r nty e pl d by Ca ii asa M a nt na e Te hni a he m nde ai ha s ur e l m oye r lon i e nc c ci n ( c 1 ( .a !1 ) F o 3 0d y p irt t etln o h sEEOC c ag u t t ep e e t Te h) . J t 2. r m 0 a s ro o h ii g f i # h r e p o h r sn tm e Col ha pe f m ed t dutesofa Tec 1 a Te h I Ia hasal o ta ne ot r i , es s r or he i h 1 nd c 1 nd s r i d he e oye si t s d i .(d. codi y, alge , s mpl e n hee utes l )Ac r ngl he le s he oughtapr tont t posto omoi o he iins ofTe h 1 a Te h 1 la i f c ,w a i o m e by J m i Gr ha ,hi t n- upe v s r t the c 1 nd c l nd, n a t s nf r d a e a m s he s r i o , ha wo dbepr ed.(d. Ho ve ,Colsal s Caii ltrtr naedGrha (d. ul omot I ) we r e lege , rlon ae emi t a m. 1 ) M o eo r i t ad ofpr otng hi ,t pl i tf a l ge , r lon ha c it nty hie or r ve , ns e om i m he a n if le s Ca ii s ons s e l r d prmot ls quaiidwhiemae t t posto ofTe h1 a Te h11 (d. Fore mpl, o ed e s lfe t ls o he iins c 1 nd c 1. 1 ) xa e oneoft def nda ' m a ge st dt pl i ifa ot r durngan Ocobe 2011d pa t nt he e nts na r ol he antf nd he s i t r e rme me tngt tCaii S ddoa hi t ywa edt do'wihrs c t pr tons (d. ei ha rlon c coul nyt ng he nt o ' t e pe t o omoi . 1 ) Dtrng t m e tng,t m a ge pr d a o ga z tona c r a s a ed t tCa ii n G d li he e i he na r ovi ed n r ni a i l ha t nd t t ha rlo û ha gv nBi Batnas p r io ' j ba dhr dMik e Wrg ta aTe m Le d. .b t a ewht ie l t l i u ev s rs o n ie c a l ih s n a . (oh r ie mael' (d. Ac or ngt Cols Caiinf ldt af r hi a opporuniyt a yf ls. l ) c di o e , rlo aie o fod m n ' t t o ppl or t s p o ins (d. Colsalge t tka ofOcobe 2011tnda pr e )plitf wa t he e r moto . l ) e le s ha,ts t r a t esnt anif s he onl Teeh lam ong t 31 em pl y he oyees on day shi ,and no em pl ft oyeesw er w or ng asTech I' e ki s ons c s f (hr e oye )ort r s f (hree oye l' I1, I ohe wor ,û lof e ond hit t ee mpl es hid hitt e mpl es. L1) n t r ds $ ' a1 4 t 37 e oye si t mai ena edepa t e t -e e pli if we eand a ewor ng a he mpl e n he nt nc rm n -- xc pt antf- r r ki s Te hl' or1Is' (d. W he Colsds sdt haasme a dici nainwihNan c ls 1'. 1 ) ' n e icuse he r s nt nd srmi to t cy A ge Ca ii sChi fExec i O fi e , ge ale dl of er d Col a m one a y s tl m e e, rlon' e utve tc r A e l ge y f e es t r e te nt a ohe i urncerlt be ft.(#. nd t r ns a -eaed neis Jz ) W ih r pe tt t I ED c a m , he pl n ifa l ge i t a ende co pl i tt tt t es c o he I li t ai tf le s n he m d m a n ha he above ntone ha as m e a dic i nai hasc us d hi t s f ri e ee o i l me i d r s nt nd s rmi ton a e m o ufe t ver m tona s dite s hihbl pr sur de e sona r ltds mpt . (d. t! 1 ) l fc,he srs, g ood e s e, prs i nd eae y oms' l a 3. n a t ' alge , û e goi t wor ' (d. l M a 201 hemis dt e da ofwokçd t hi le s he t ads ng o k.' l ) n y 2, dr se hre ys r due o s s pt m sca ed by t hos ie wor e r en a was s e i t Ca ii Clni Em pl ye ym o us he tl k nvionm t nd e n n he r lon i c o e He t de rme .'(d. Furhemo e onM a 15, 2,aCaii nuredol pli if alh pa t nt' 1 ) t r r , y 201 rlon s f d antf t pl i y ... ha he w asw or ng i ahos ie w or e r e a t the ne d t g tou of a nl t t ki n tl k nvionm nt nd ha ede o e t t r orhewoul s frahea t tac orsr ke' (d. Basdont fcua algai i t hee d ufe r at k to . L=) e ' he a t l le tons n he am e d c pl i ,Col adva est o ca esofa ton: fr t a cl i f r ce di c i i ton nde om a nt es nc w us ci is , a m or a s rm na i ( e s dont ore ofhaa s nta non omoi ,p s ntt j1 1a Til VI;a prmie he is rs me nd pr ton) urua o 98 nd te l nd, s co a IED cl i pur ua t Vi gi a l w . e nd, n I am s nt o r ni a Caii t nfldamotont dimist ame dc ant ( rlon he ie i o s s he nde ompli . Docke No. ) I t 23. n addii n t r l ngon t a g e spr vi l pr s ntd, rlon adva ss ve a ne to o eyi he r um nt e ousy e e e Ca ii nce e r l w a g ent i iss e ntm oton t dim i s Ca ii c e t tt pl i if sTil V l r um s n t ubs que i o s s . r lon ont nds ha he a ntf te I f l et pr t cam mus bedimis dbe a e purua t Rul 1 b)1,heco tlc aiur-o- omoe li t s s e c us , s nt o e 2( ( )t ur a ks s be tmatr u id cino e t cam, a e o afi r t e h u ta miitaierme is u jc te j rs ito v r he li b s d n al e o x a s d n srtv e de , u a be us , s ntt Rul 1 b)6)t pl ntf a nc so yva algai t tf lt nd ca e purua o e 2( ( ,he ai if dva e nl gue le tons ha ai o r i e a r g t r i fabove t s ul tve l ve . Furhe m or Ca ii a guest t de piet a s i ht o ele he pec a i e l t r e, rlon r ha , s t he i us on ofaddii ncl i t onalf ualalegatons i t am ended com pl nt t pl ntf has nonet ess act l i n he ai , he ai if hel silf l t saeacai uponwhihrle c nbegrnt purua t Rul 1 b)6) wih tl aied o tt l m c eif a a ed, s nt o e 2( ( , t r s c t t IED cli .Colstl abre i opposto t t m o i n t dimist n e d e pe t o he I am e ied if n ii n o he to o s s he m nde com pl i ton J y 1 201 an ul 0, 2, Havi r vi e bot t ol ra t m or r ce flngs by t pa tes t c tw il ng e ew d h he de nd he e e nt ii he r i , he our l gr nti pa t nd de i par t m o i n t dim i s a n ra ny n t he t o o s s . Il. Di scussi on A. La k o s b e tma t rj id cin c f u j c te urs ito A ss a e a t t d bove, a ii s e dim i s ofva i a pe t oft pl i if s Til V 1 C rlon e ks s s al rous s c s he a ntf te l cam frlc o s be tmatr u idcin p rua tt Rue1 ( )1 .Ese tal, rlo li o a k f u j c te j rs ito , u s n o l 2 b ( ) s n il Caiin y c n e d ta Co e ' alr t e ha s hi a miitaierme isdvet t ec u t fs be t o tn s h t ls f i e o x u t s d n srtv e de i ss h o r o u jc u 2 matr u idci no e t s ape t o h sTil VI cam. te j rs ito v r hee s cs f i te l li 1. N onverbalharassm ent Ca ii a gue t t pl i if s f l r t i l i hi EEO C c r t i t nc of rlon r s hat he a ntf ' aiu e o nc ude n s ha ge he ns a es û t r lhaa s nt'(hediplyofs c esa anoos a t rfr nc t t Ku Kl nonveba rsme ' t s a ha kl nd e nd he ee e es o he ux Klna dalnc ig t t p ae i tec mplitsrp t sc u t fs be t te j rs ito a n y hn ) ha a pe r d n h o an tis hi o r o u j c matr u idcin ove t spor i oft Til V 1 c ai .3 r hi ton he te l l m Bef eapl i ifha sa ngt fl s tunde Til VI,hem us e or antf s t ndi o ie ui r te I t xhaus hi t s a i s r tve r m e esby t lng a Cha ge ofDi c i i ton wih t EEO C . Sm ih v.Fi s dm nit a i e di ii r s r m na i t he t rt UninNa' Ba 202F. 234,247(t Ci. ) Thealegai c t ne i t c r e o tl nk, 3d 4h r 2000 . l tons onai d n he ha g g n rlyo eaet lmit s o o a ys b e u n j dca c mplit Eva sv. c s e eal p rt o i the c pe f n u sq e t u iil o an . n Te h . Applc tons& Se v.Co.80F.d95 962 ( hCi.1 ) M or s cii ly,o yt e iai r , 3 4, -63 4t r 996 . e pe fcal nl hos c a m s s a e i t i ta c r ,t e r as l i t t d n he nii l ha ge hos e onabl r a ed t t o i na c r ,a t e y el t o he r gi l ha ge nd hos devel oped by r onabl i eas e nvestga i oft ori nalchar m ay be m ai ai i a s i ton he gi ge nt ned n ubsequent 2 Ca iin d e no s e d s sa o t epli tf scam b o g t u s a tt j l 81 rl o s t e k imis l f h an if li r u h p ru n o 9 . o 3 Thec tno e t tt al tonsofveba an no r haasm en t tappe ed i t co plit our t s ha he legai r l d nvebal r s t ha ar n he m an r mai unc e n hange i t am e d n he ndedcompl nt ai . 6 Til Vl lws i.Ki v. e b adCo s LieR. Co, 3 F.d5 , 8 (t Ci. 9 6 ; e t l a ut ng S a o r at n R. .5 8 2 81 5 3 4 h r 1 7 ) 7 e e as Ch s om v U. Po tlS r .6 5F.d48 , 91(t Ci.1 81 ($ a miitaiec ag lo ih l . S. sa ev, 6 2 2 4 4 h r 9 ) ( d nsrtv h r e An ofdic i i ton doe no srcty lmi aTil VI s twhi h ma f l r t r t s opeoft s rm nai s t ti l i t te 1 ui c y olow; a he , he c he c vi a ton i c i d onl by t s ope oft ad i sr tve i ve tga i t tc n r s bl i l c i s ont ne y he c he m ni ta i n s i ton ha a ea ona y bee t t f l t c r ofdicrmi ton.) He e,C cli i fde a dititco t xpeced o olow he hage s i nai ' . nc ( am n e r l src ur ' a ltga i wilge al beba r d i t EEO a EEOC c r alege di c i i ton on o ii ton l ner ly r e f he nd ha ge l s s rm nai ne ba i a t f m a ltgai cai a lgesdic i i tonon a s pa a eba i.'Brdc o t v. ss nd he or l ii ton l m le s rm nai e r t ss' i ef rh Potr Ci lAci No.3:0- 00030,2011W L 31 2422, t*7( . Va. ul 25,2011 te , vi ton 1 CV0 a W D. J y ) (ii Eva ,80F.da 963) l ot rwor ,apli ifsfiur t e us a nitai ctng ns 3 t . n he ds antf al e o xha t dmi srtve rme iswihrs c t aTil Vl cam d p ie af d rl o r o s b e tmatr u idcin e d e t epe t o te I li e rv s e e a c u t f u j c te j rs ito ve oup d. ove t cli 4 Jo sv.Cal rtGr . Lt ,551F.d 297, ( h Ci.2009) Theefr t r he am. ne 3 300 4t r . r oe,he i s bec eswhe he t abo m e i d a l ga i i t c pl i toft s ue om t r he ve ntone le tons n he om a n t nonve bal r har s m e t' r sat i t EEOC c r we er as bl r a e t t as e to i t a s n 'we e t ed n he ha ge, r e ona y elt d o he s ri ns n he c r ,orwoul bedicove e by r as bl i si ton oft a s ri i t c r ha ge d s rd e ona e nve tga i he s e tons n he ha ge. A s sat d a t e bove Col 'EEO C cha ge i pe tne pa t c a ne t a l ga i t the , es r , n ri nt r , ont i d he le ton ha l ad b e s be tdt v r a rca h r sme t i .isn ain t a ( ewa )ad u d ae , d gj e n u j ce o eb l a il a a s n, . ,n iu to s h t h s r g e lr h e r cs dic sonsr r ngt c r n U.S. ei nta us oft tr t gge .' ( ke a it sus i egadi he ure t Pr sde , nd age he em ni r'' Doc t No.1 1a 1. Howe r Cols s e ntci lc antdr abr rsr i tr of 0- t ) ve, e ' ubs que vi ompli aws oade toke n ems t a l ge y ha a sng c he le dl r s i onduc t ts t ha uppors hi Til VI cl i . Spec f c l Ca ii i nttes t s te I a m ii aly, r lon de ii t a l ga i i t com pl ntofnonve ba ha a sng co he le tons n he ai r l rsi nduc t di pl y ofs c e a a t he s a ha kl s nd noos a t r e e st t Ku K l K l n a t l nc ng ofa bl c m a Cl ry,t s e nd he ef r nce o he ux a nd he y hi a k n. ea l he e alegatonsofnonver conductdo notappeari t pl ntf sEEO C char A ccor ngl t s l i bal n he ai if' ge. di y, hi 4 Req ii aTil VI plitf t e us a nitai r u rng te l anif o xha t dmi srtve emedisbef eflngs ti fdealdititc t e or ii ui n e r src our sr e t o j cie.Fis,iigac ag wi t EEOC n tfe tee ly ro tealg dvilto sa d ev s wo be tv s rtfl n h r e t he h oi s h mpo e f h l e oain n i e a f r t e pl r a opporuniy t add es t ale di c i i ton pr ort ltga i Svdnorv. if x f o ds he m oye n t t o r s he l ged s rm na i i o ii ton. Fa r a Cnv. .68 F.d5 , 93(t Ci. 01 ) S c n ,h e h uto rq ie n v ssa a mi srtv a e c t.Va, 1 3 91 5 4h r2 2 . e o d te x a sin e urme t et n d nitaie g n y wiht i talr po i lt ofr ol ngwor pl edicrm i toncl m s.l t he nii es nsbiiy es vi k ac s i na i ai d. 7 no ba c nver l onduc may s veasabassf t pli ifsTil Vl c am onl i t a lga i t er i or he antf te I l i y f he le tons a er as bl r lt d t t org na c r orwoul be d s o r d t o h r a ona e r e ona y ea e o he i i l ha ge d i c ve e hr ug e s bl i s i ton oft o i nalc r e. nve tga i he r gi ha g Thec e e mi ngs a is g neal di dei ot gr :( )c esi whih ass xa ni uch n sue e rly vi nt wo oups 1 as n c t a nitai c gefaur onetpeofcam (a edici nai fre mpl)a t he dmi srtve har e t es y li rc srmi ton, o xa e nd he s bsq e t u iil o lit e tr sa ohe t p o cam ( e d r ici n to , o u e u n j dca c mp an f au e n t r y e f li g n e d s rmiain f r exa e;a ( caesi whiht a nitai c r prs nt acam prmie onc ran mpll nd 2) s n c he dmi srtve hage e e s li e s d e ti fcs(a ilha a s n bas o algainsofna calngbyc kes fre mpl)a t a t rca r sme t ed n le to me- li owor r, o xa e nd he s b e u n j dca c mp an p e e t t es metp o cam p e sd o difrn fcs(a il u s q e t u iil o lit r sn s h a y e f li r mie n fee t a t rca haa s tba e onalegai oft diplyofpit esbys pevior,fre mpl) The rsmen s d l tons he s a cur u r s s o xa e . i t nti s ti er t s c ns a s ue r gg s he e ond lne ofca es bot t EEO C cha ge and t co pl ntale a i s h he r he m ai l ge cl i f r r i lha as m e ,butt s c fc f c sunde pi ng t cl i va y bet e n t a m o ac a r s nt he pe ii a t r nni hat a m r w e he chagea t c ant r nd he ompli .Mor s iial t s ii f csa is hee(henonveba e pecfc ly,he pecfc a t t sue r t r l harsme )di nota a i t chage buti t d,frts f e i t s e ntco ant a s nt d ppe r n he r , nsea is urac d n he ubs que mpli . Th c u t eiv st a t emao iyo t ec s sctdb Coe a dCa i o i ter if p o e e o r b l e h t h j rt f h ae ie y ls n rl n n h ibres r v e i l r l ir l va on t si s be a e t s c s s f lw ihi t fr tgr ofca e r e e e a ge y r e e nt hi s ue c us he e a e al t n he is oup s s ef r nc d above t e i vi a c r a a c pl i f a u i dif r ntt s ofcl i s I t a - hos nvol ng ha ge nd om a nt e t rng f e e ype a m . ns e d, t c t ts ve ca elw ema tng fom t s c gr dic s d a he our mus ur y s a na i r he e ond oup s us e bove. W ihi t s s cond gr up ofc s s howe r a i esa he s bdi s on. Spe fc l t t n hi e o ae, ve , r s not r u vi i cii aly, he UniedStt Cour ofAppe sf t Fourh Cic thasrcog z dca e i whih ()bot t t aes t al or he t rui e nie s s n c 1 h he EEO C c r a t c pl i a l ge t s m e t ofc ai , t ce r f t laleg i ha ge nd he om a nt le he n ype l m but he ntal ac ua l atons s po tngt cli dif ra bewe nt c r a t c ant a ( bot t EEOC up ri he am fe s t e he hage nd he ompli ; nd 2) h he c r a t c pl nta l e t s m et ofc a m , nd t f c ua a l ga i s ha ge nd he om ai leg he a ype l i a he a t l le tons uppori t tng he c a m , lhough dif r n asbe wee t cha ge a t c m pl nt a e no t l ss f c e t li at fe e t t n he r nd he o ai , r ne he es ufi i nt o 8 a f d a qua enotc t t e oy oft f c ua bassf t cl m .A s ma y oft for de t ie o he mpl er he a t l i or he ai um r wo Fou t Cic tc esw ilil ta e t ss l di tnc i n. r h r ui as l lus r t hi ubte s i to l Cha kov. t ntl tt i 429F. 505( hCi.2005)t pli ifs n c Pauxe nsiuton, 3d 4t r ,he antf a nitai c r andj ca c antbot co ane camsf dicrmi to a hosie dmi srtve hage udiil ompli h nti d li or s i nain nd tl w or e r e ba e on na i nalorgi Thes cl i si t c r w e e s k nvionm nt s d to i n. e a m n he ha ge r uppore by td f t lal tonsi vi ioltd i i nt ofdic i i t y a har s i c acua legai nvol ng s ae ncde s s rm naor nd a sng onduc by t s r s s l a 507.Howeve,t camsi t c anttndt ea nc da ti )we e upevior. d. t r he li n he ompli a hos dva e t ral r s uppore by f c ua a l ga i i vi a c ntnui us ofna i lor gi i ulsby td a t l le tons nvol ng o i ng e tona - i n ns t co or r . l a 508. A fe c pa i t a l ga i i t c r e t t e i t com pl nt w ke s d. t t r om rng he le tons n he ha g o hos n he ai , t c tde e ne t tt a nitai c r ç l wih dif r nttm efa e , t s a he our t nni d ha he dmi sr tve ha ge d t t fe e i r m s acor , nd dea c onduc t n t c nt a e de a t i .' 1 a 51l J dge W iki on,m i i f a una m ous t ha he e r l vi nce t ral' d. t . u l ns tng or ni t rej d ep n le pli dt a tep anifsfcu lse tr ic 'a til ifrds mak dy h e -u g a e , x ane h t h litf' a t a i nep e e' t ra d fee o r e l c f om t a l tonsad nc i t EEO C c r t tt c twasco pele t c l t t r he lega i va ed n he ha ge ha he our m l d o onc ude ha t pl i tf f ie t e us hi a i sr tve r m e es 1 a 51 1. l ot rwor , he he a n if a l d o xha t s dm ni t a i e di . d. t 0-1 n he ds t Fo t Cic tc l d t talega i ns r ga di di c e e i t nce ofs r s y m i c uc ur h r ui onc ude ha l t o e r ng s r t ns a s upe vi or s ond t noti vi na ec lng we eno r as bl r a e t a woul notl a t o h nvol ng m ali r t e ona y elt d o, nd d e d hr ug r s bl i tga i t a c tnuo pat r ofnons r s y mic ea ona e nvesi ton o, on i us te n upe vior s onduc i vi na t nvol ng me cali I at512. lng. d. l conrs,Sydnorv.Fara Count Vici a,681F. 591( hCi.201 , s use n ta t ifx y. r ni 3d 4t r 2)dic s s t ot rs vii r f r nc d above or s c tc ly,t pl i ifsa i sr tve he he ubdi son e e e e .M e pe ii a l he antf dm nita i d c me t a j dca c mp an bohc nan dacam f rds rmiaino t b sso o u n s nd u iil o lit t o t ie li o ici n to n he a i f di a lt f f ii t pr de a r s na e a om m oda i The r ia i i t EEO C s biiy or a lng o ovi ea o bl cc ton. ec t tons n he c r pr de t tt pl i ifr que t d lghtdut wor ast s e a om m oda i I a ha ge ovi d ha he a ntf e s e i y k he ol cc ton. d. t H owe , he co pl ntw aspr m i ed on t a l ga i n t tt pl ntf r quese f l du y ver t m ai e s he le to ha he ai i f e td u l t 9 wor wiht a ssa eofawhe lhara t s ea c k t he sitnc ec i s he ol c ommodain.L- a 593.J to d t a udge W ikn o a anwrtn f rau a i u t e -u g p n l e pan dt a t ev rain i te lis n, g i iig o n nmo s hrej d e a e, x lie h t h a ito n h pr ed accom m odatons tdoes notm ean t Sydnor f l t exhaus heradm i s r i opos i t hat aied o t nit atve r medis' 1 a 595. l t a t ( o hsone f e e e . d. t ' nse d,he k uc t or xhausi i whe he pl i ifs t ton s t r antf a miitai ea dj dca camsaeke s n byr ltd' o p e ieytesme' 1 (iain d nsrtv n u iil li r ra o a l eae ,n t r cs l h n a d.ctto ' omitd) l i ntf ngt smiaiisbewee t c r a t compl ntwhi stsidt te . n de iyi he i lrte t n he hage nd he ai ch aife he c t ha t cl i s wer r s bl r l t d, he c r no e t tbot t c r a t our t t he a m e ea ona y e a e t ou t t d ha h he ha ge nd he c pl i i vol d t s m e pl ce ofw or a t s m e a t r bot f us d on t s e t of om a nt n ve he a a k nd he a c o , h oc e he am ype di c i i ton,a bot en a l d t s m e di a lt I The e s m ia ii s w he co i e e i s rm na i nd h t ie he a s biiy. d. s i l r te , n ns d r d n c e ts fce l ditnguihe t c s fom Cha koa a or ngt t cou tk dj onc r, ufiinty si s d he a e r c nd, cc di o he r,ç e mag c ea t tt Count w a a f ded nm pl notc oft a l to ag ns i.' l l r ha he y s f or e i e he lega i ns ai t t' d. W ih t s fa e or i pl c t que ton be om e w he he t i t ntc s f lsw ihi t hi r m w k n a e, he s i c s t r he ns a a e a l t n t pa a e e sofChac orSyd r The c tbe i ve t tt i t ntca e ft unde t he r m t r ko no . our le s ha he ns a s is r he u br la ofSvdnor U nlke i Cha ko,Col s di no i t i t ntca e c pl t l r nova e hi m el . i n c e d t n he ns a s om e e y e t s c ntalf c ua alega i nsasbe wee t adm i sr tve c r e a t c pl i - t e r a t l l to t n he ni ta i ha g nd he om a nt he c pl nts f c ua a l tonsdo noti r om ai ' a t l lega i ntoduc di f r n a t r ortm e fam esf om t e fe e t c o s i r r he a l ga i i t i talc r . Cha ko, F. d a 511 2. I ot rwor , he t e e i c ' le tons n he nii ha ge c 429 3 t -1 n he ds t û nt p e e ' c ofCols dic i nai a ha as me ca msdoesnots h be wee hi EEOC cha gea hi e ' s rmi ton nd r s nt li hi t n s r nd s c pl nt l a 510. I t a t c nt a f c ua aleg ton i t c r e a i t c pl i om ai . d. t ns e d, he e r l a t l l a i n he ha g nd n he om a nt s ro n st eplitf' b l f h t eha b e s be tdt rca h rsme t Al u hte u r u d h anifs ei t a h d e n u j ce o a il a a s n . t g h e ho EEO C c r s c tc l utlz s t t r t r l' r s m e , he s c l d ve ba ' ha ge pe ii aly ii e he e m t ba ' ha a s nt t o- aled ç ve non r l' har sm entaleged i t com pl nti r onabl r at t t cl m setf h i t as l n he ai s eas y el ed o he ai ort n he adm i statve char Svdnor 681 F. at595. Fis ,i i uncl f om t com pl ntw het ni r i ge. , 3d rt t s ear r he ai her t alegaton i vi tr er he l i nvol ng ief encest t Ku Kl K l and t l o he ux an he ynchi ofa bl m an' ng ack ' 10 nec sarl c ienonvebalhaasme .( e s iy omprs r r s nt Docke No.1a ! 11. t r s htefrnc ' t t )Rahe7 uc t ee es' r c d r as bl c e plt ve ba ha as me a a s h,wo d lkey bedic r d oul e ona y ontm a e r l r s nt nd, s uc ul i l s ove e t oug a r a ona e i tga i oft aleg tons i t EEO C c r Svdnor 681 F. a hr h e s bl nves i ton he l a i n he ha ge. , 3d t 596( tngSmih, F. a 247 .Se ond,healg i i t c antco eni (he cii t 202 3d t ) c t le aton n he ompli nc r ng l t diply ofs kl a anoos i t wo kpl c 'woul a s lkey be dic r d t ougha s a hac es nd e n he r a e' d lo i l s ove e hr r a o e i si ton oft r cilha m s nta lgai nsi t a i sr tvecha ge. e s nabl nve tga i he a a r s me le to n he dm nita i r ( Docke No.1a ! 11) Thepli ifsc el ofest tdicoveywils t tt diply t t . antf' ouns pr fr ha s r l how ha he s a oft s r c s s bol i t wor a e w asa co pa e by r uco l ught a r ci ly he e a i t ym s n he kpl c c m ni d a us a er nd a a l o fn iec mme t,hee yij cigav r a c mp n n it ti ' o v r a'h r sme t fe sv o n s t rb n e tn eb l o o e t no h s k n eb l aa s n . n ' Furhe m or co ela s rs t tdi c r w illke ie r ve t tCol pr de t t EEO C t r e, uns s e t ha s ove y l i w s e al ha es ovi d o he pho ogr phs o t noos a o he r ci ly ofe i s bol a w rtngs a t ,t tt s t a f he e nd t r a a l f nsve ym s nd ii nd, hus ha he e iem s c tt e pa t t EEOC ' i s i ton f l . t ons iut r of he s nve tga i ie 5 Thus t i t ntc e pa a l sSvdnorm or cl el t n Chac I s t t , he ns a as r lel e os y ha ko. n hor , he i i lrte bewe n g e la nitai a j cilnar i ma cla t tg rlo s miaiis t e cols' dmi srtve nd udi a ratves ke e r ha caiinl s 5 Thepl ntf' f e as ofwha dic r wilrvea wihr pe tt t EEOC' i tga i fl i ai ifs or c t t s ovey l e l t es c o he S nvesi ton ie s i pora f s ve a r a ons Fis,t Fourh Cicui i Svdnorc i r t pli ifsEEOC quesi iei m tnt or e r l e s . rt he t r tn onsdeed he antf' tonnar n a s s i t al to ad nc a t a i srtvelvel Syd ,681F. a 594& n..Bec us te s e sng he legains va ed t he dm nita i e . nor 3d t 1 a eh qu tonnar consiutsm aeral ou sdeoft fr a EEOC chage,heFourhCic tsde sont c i rt esi ie tt e t i s ti he o m l r t t r ui' cii o onsde he q tonnar lndss ppo t t pr ii t tm aerasi t EEOC' i tgai fl abeiw ihou t f ur uesi ie e u rto he oposton ha t il n he S nvesi ton ie, l t t t he o c nesoft f m a c r m a nonehees bec uled i dee m i ngt pr iec ace ofaplitf' or r he or l ha ge, y t l s ons t n tr ni he ecs har tr an ifs ale tonsa t EEOC lvel f pu pos sofana nita i e lgai t he e , or r e dmi srtve xhausi anayss Capentrv.Viai a ton l i. r e r ni De at n o Trn p rain, vl to No 50 c 0 0 5 2 0 W L3 4 3 ( . Va No .1 , 0 6, o s p rme t f a s o tt CiiAcin . :6 v 0 3 , 0 6 o 31 4 6 W D. . v 4 2 0 ) d e no c tdo o t Fourh Cic tsopi on i Svdno . l Ca ntr J t as ubt n he t r ui' ni n r n pe e , udgeW is c r e t quesi of lon onfontd he ton t t rt c tmus l s eyt t chageis l i d em i ng whehe Ca pe e hasm e t e t he he our whe t ook oll o he r tef n etr ni t r r ntr t he xhausi ton rquieme o w hehe i m a alo c i rt alegainsmadei Ca e e ' quesi iea t m ae il e r nt r t r t y s onsde he l to n m ntrs tonnar nd he tras s itd wihi. l a *5.J ubm te t t' d. t ' udgeW is n uli ael ee t t co i rt que to ieandt a s itd lo tm t y lced o nsde he sinnar he s ocae doc nt i co uctng t e usi anayssbe us hedee nedt tt pl ntf' f ma EEOC c r ume s n nd i he xha ton l i ca e tnni ha he ai ifs or l ha ge fie t cpuetetu ntr o hsq et n ar adteoh rsp ot gmaeil.l.t* He eCa ne ald o atr h re aue f i usi n ie n h te u p ri tras d a 6. nc, petr o n c dber dass si t tm ae l souti oft f r c r maybeco i r d i anex usi a yss oul ea ugge tng ha tral sde he o mal ha ge nsde e n ha ton nal i o ywhe neglge ebyt EEOC r ule i a i omplt tanse oft ale i fo t pr lm i r nl n i nc he es td n n nc ee r f r he lgatons r m he ei na y documen st t f n lc r Howeve , s h s ggesi by Ca e e i l r y unde c by t Fou t t o he olna ha ge. r any uc u ton m nt r s a gel r ut he rh Cic tss e r ui' ubs quentdee m i toni Svdno t c i rt quesinnar i ases i t e usi is abs tr nai n r o onsde he to ie n s sng he xha ton s ue ent a y alg to so e r ro t epa t f h EEOC.Se o d, v n v. lAta tcM a ya d l .28 F.d l 4( t n l ai n f r o n h r o t e e c n Br a t Bel ln i r ln . nc, 8 3 2 4 h Ci. 0 2 , lo v l tst ec u tsd cso t c n i e Co e 'fr c s o wh td s o e ywi r v a wihr s c r 2 0 ) a s ai e h o r' e iin o o sd r ls o e a t f a ic v r l e e l t e pe t da l t teEEOC iv siainfl i teisa t ae l assigwh te a a mi srt eiv siain( ae o te oh n etg to i n h n tn c s . n se sn eh r n d nitai n etg to b sd n h e v l tdalg to si af r l h r e c ul ra o a l b e p ce t u c v rtebo d rcamsi ac mpan, i e l ain n oma c ag ) o d e sn by e x etd o n o e h r a e li n o lit mi e t Fourh Cicui i Br a e e sy c i r d whet rt EEOC ' i tgai i f c ,1 t t dic r of he t r t n v nt xpr s l onsde e he he S nvesi ton, n a t ed o he s ovey an m at sousdet s y ter ti he copeoft cha g I a 1 he r e. d. t 33. 11 wa a f de a enotc oft a l a i a i ti.'Sydnor 681F. a 595.Ari nga a s for d mpl ie he leg tons gans t' , 3d t rvi t co r r dee m i ton woul s r o yt unde mi t goasoft exha to r r me . nta y tr na i d e ve nl o r ne he l he usi n equie nt Se i a 597(dB) dwelngons ht hnialte ,wewoul onl undemi t e d. t $g y li uc ec c iis d y r ne he cong es i lpr e e f ag y r ol i n i t s a e A que tf a ol e pr ci i i t r s ona ef r nce or enc es uto n hi r a. s or bs ut e s on n he ad i sr tve c r w oul onl i nc a i vi ua s t a d flng er or by r t i ng m ni ta i ha ge d y e our ge ndi d l o voi ii r s e a ni co e,t r by knc e i boh t cos an lkei o ltgain.'( i Fe Expr s uns l'hee i r asng t he t d i lhood f ii to '' quotng d. es Cop.v.Hol c , 2U. 389, ( :) i a 59 ((T1 e usi r uie nt owe ki55 S. 406 2008 ; d. t 4 f( he xha ton eq rme s d notbe m eati r f ha es pli if ... i il Vl ...s t up ar m e als heme houl co rpwie or pl s antfs . - te l f es e di c i whihlypes ns r he t nl r,a eex cedt i taet pr s .'( tng n c a ro ,at r ha awyes r pe t o niit he oce s'' quoi Hol c ,5 U. a 402).Fi ly,t c ur' deemi tont tCol ha stsidt owe ki 52 S. t ) nal he o ts tr nai ha es s aife he a nita i e usi r quie ntwihr s c t t al ge y no r lhar s m e t dmi sr tve xha ton e r me t e pe t o he le dl nve ba a s n a lga i i c nsse wih Fo t Cic tc s 1w a r fom Svdnor Se ec. Sm ih,202 le tons s o it nt t urh r ui a e a pa t r . es . , t F. a 248( tr ni t tt e usi rquie n wass tsidwheet pl ntf s 3d t deemi ng ha he xha ton e rme t aife r he ai if unde l ng cl i ofr t la i di notc nge a be w e n t cha ge a t co pl i ,e n ryi am e a i ton d ha s t e he r nd he m a nt ve t ugh t f r oft a l ge r t lai n va i d bewe n t e tne tr i i n a r f a t ho he o m he le d e ai to re t e hr ae d e m nato nd e us l o ofe a ot rpostons;Chihol 665F. a 491(i nge usinwhe eboht c r fr ny he ii ) s m, 2d t fndi xha to r t he hage a t co pl i c nd he m a nt once ned di c i i to i pr otons buti ved dif r nta pe t oft r s rm na i n n om i , nvol f e e s c s he pr inals tm) omoto yse . Fort r s nssae a ,t cou twilde Cmii sRul 1 b) 1 moi i ofr he ea o ttd bove he r l ny lon' e 2( () ton ns a a i c e nst ç s t onc r he ç nonve ba ' har s m e tale d i t pl i tf ' Til V I cl i . r l' a s n l ge n he a n if s te l a m 2. R et i i alaton A ss a e a t t d bove,Ca ii a s m o d t dim i st r a i ton cl i i t c pl i t r lon l o ve o s s he et la i a m n he om a n , cont ng t Col f l t exhaus adm i sr i r edi w ih r pectt t r based endi hat es aied o t ni tatve em es t es o he acer alaton cl m t appear i t com pl ntbecause t EEO C char cont ned onl a cl m et i i ai hat ed n he ai he ge ai y ai 12 f rdia lt ba e r t i ton.Thec t l o o s biiy- s d ealai our am unce isi e i durngt m o i he rng t d t ntnton i he ton a i o g a tCa ii sm otont dimi swih r pe tt t r t lai n cli .Alho h Colsha snc r n rlon' i o s s t es c o he e aito am t ug e si e a ndone t r t la i cl i i t a e ed co pl i , he co twilno t e sexpl i ba d he e a i ton a m n he m nd m a nt t ur l ne hel s an bre l t ba i f is a i fy he s s or t nnounce i e i t di m i s t sc a m . d nt nton o s s hi l i A lhough Col s c r c l sa e t tFourh Cic tc s l w exc pt c r a n r t la i t e or e ty t t s ha t r ui a e a e s e t i e a i ton cai fom t admi sr tvee usi r quie ntde c i d a l ms r he nitai xha ton e r me s rbe bove,t se e i a i hi xc pton pples o ywh n ar tl to cam i a u iil o an se fo t etl go a e rirEEOC nl e eai in li n j dca c mplit tms r m h ii f n ale a n c r Se Ne onv.St ,958F. 584,59 ( hCi.1 (tllvi o ebee rtlae hage. e al one 2d 0 4t r 992) tl- a ng nc n eaitd l a ns f rtlng a ad i sr tvec r e, hepl n ifwilnaur ly be g s a gai t o ii n m nitai ha g t aitf l t a l un hy bouti tng nvii f t rrt itonbyflngas ondc r compli nga t frtrt iton....( urhe ealai ii ec hage ani bout he is ealai Aj s pa a e a i s r tve c ge i notpr r uiie t a s tco pl i ng a tr t la i n f flng e r t dm ni t a i har s e eq st o ui m a ni bou e a i t o or ii t trtc r .); sv. poltno,Ci lNo.3: he is hage' Bver Na ia vi 09CV25- 201 W L 48180 a *3 V, 0 99, t ( . N. Nov.1 201 ($ c tnNeaonhedt taTil VI rtlai c antnee W D. C. 9, 0) ( The our i l l ha te 1 eaiton ompli d no be fl a t a i s r tve l velwhe e t a l ge r t la or a toc safe t Pl i i f t ied t he dm ni ta i e r he le d e a i t y c cur t r he a ntf fl afrtEEO Complitale ngTil Vl dsrmi ton.'e ies is an lgi te 1 ic i nai '(mpha i i orgi ll ss n i nal; Cum be l nde v. CL Sie Se v . LLC,Ci lAc i No. ra r K t r s. vi ton 08 994,2009 W L 49 44, *3 271 at ( D. .Dec 1 2009)(( Fo t Cic tsg nealr e, E. Va . 7, $ The urh rui' e r ul howe r doesnota yi c e ve , ppl n as s w he e, he e, a ntf co d ha aleg r t i ton i hi 2007 c r of di c i i ton t t r as r pl i if ul ve l ed e ala i n s ha ge s rm na i o he EEOC, fie t dos ' . but ald o o.' ) l t i t ntca e t a l ge a t ofr t la i di notoc ura a r ul ofCol tlng n he ns a s , he le d c s e a i ton d c s es t es i i t EEO C c z bu i t d,oc ur e pr o t t flng o t c ge Fort sr as t f c s he ha ge, t nsea c r d i r o he ii f he har . hi e on, he a t i t s case f lt t ggert Fourt Cicui' nze i N eal Col w ast ef r r t n hi ai o ri he h r ts l n on. es her ore equied o e xhaus hi ad i sr tver m edi s w ih r s c t t r ce ba e r t i to c ai i t t s m ni t a i e e t e pe t o he a - s d e ala i n l m n he com pl nt B ecaus t t oft char expres y lm ied t r alaton cl m t t bas sof ai . e he ext he ge sl i t he et i i ai o he i dia lt Col c e ry f ie t e us hi a nita i r m e eswih r pe tt t r c s biiy, es l a l a ld o xha t s dmi sr tve e di t es c o he a e bas d r t iton cli i t c e eala i am n he ompli . SeeLuc sv.He c Cnt Sc Bd. 8 F.Supp. ant a mi o y. h. , 22 2d 589,601 ( D. 2011 ( s si acam i t co an f ge rba e rtlai -02 E. Va. ) dimisng li n he mplit or nde- s d eaiton whent EEOC c r co ane acli o yf rceba e rt iton) s eas Cha ko, he hage nti d am nl or a - s d ealai ; e lo c 429 F.da 509(; cam wilas tpial bebardi t a nitai c gealeg onetpe 3 t 6 li l lo y c ly A re f he dmi srtve har l es y ofdic i i ton s a dic i i t r f iur t pr s rm nai uch s s rm na o y a l e o omot a t cai e ompas e e nd he l m nc ss a he t not r ype s ha dici nai i pa a be tt.) uc s s rmi ton n y nd neis . Faiure t prom ot l o e Att m o i he r ng,Ca ii ur d t co t o dim i st pl i if s Til V l he ton a i r lon ge he ur t s s he a ntf ' te I nonpr m o i cli f f iur t fl atmel EEOC c r ,ba e on t a e i t o ton am or a l e o ie i y ha ge s d he bs nce n he c ompl i ofa i c to a t whent a lge nonpr m otonoc ure Assae a ve, he ant ny ndia i n s o he le d o i c r d. t td bo t c t a e t pli ifl vet a ndt c our gr nt d he antf ea o me he ompl ntt add es t sdei e y.l tlnghi ai o r s hi fcinc n ii s a e e com pl nt Col s s i d ad tona f c uala l tonsr a i t t Til V l m nd d ai , e upple dii l a t lega i el tng o he te l nonpr m o i cl i ,i udi t a l ga i t tt i i nt ofnonpr oton o ur e w ihi o ton a m ncl ng he le ton ha he nc de s om i cc r d t n t 300 da perod i me ael pr c ngt flng ofhi EEOC c r Alhough Colsha he - y i m di t y e edi he ii s ha ge. t e s a e s d t tm e i s i s i ntted by Ca ii i isi ta m o i t di m i s t a e d ddr s e he i lnes s ue de ii r lon n t nii l ton o s s , he m nde Til V 1 nonpr o i cl m now pos dif r ntc e ns Ca ii c e . te l om ton ai es f e e onc r , rlon ont nds Ca ii n a gue t tCol f ie t i n iy i t EEO C c r a i t c pl i t r lo r s ha es a l d o de t f n he ha ge nd n he om a nt he t o s cii i t nc ofnonpr oton t tnow a w pe fc ns a es om i ha ppea i t a e d com pl i . H ow e r r n he m nde a nt ve , t s a g e l c m e i.I t a l i w a f t ve y pur e off ni hi Col s wih t hi r um nt a ks r t nii ly, t s or he r pos ur s ng e t he o runiy t a ppo t t o dvanc m or de al d f cua ale tonsr ga di t nonpr e e t ie a t l lga i e r ng he omoto ca m t t i n li ha t c tgr nt d Col l a t a end hi co pl i wih r s c t t scl i . l a e nt t he our a e es e ve o m s m a nt t e pe t o hi a m n ny ve , he 6 l ot rwor s t f c s unde l ng t sexha ton is r gar ng t r t la i c ai d onsr t t t n he d , he a t ryi hi us i s ue e di he e a iton l m em t a e ha t sis ti r t fr tcuse ofca e rf r e a e na y,c e i whih t i ta admi sr tve hi s ue rgges he is l tr s s e eenc d bov mel as s n c he niil nitai c r f tr so t ofcl m a t s e ntc pl ntfaur sa t t ofcli . ha ge eau e ne ype ai nd he ubs que om ai e t e noher ype am 14 cour bei ve t tt s ii al gai o nonpr to pr e e i t a e d co pli t t le s ha he pectc le tons f omo i n es nt d n he m nde m a n ar r as bl r a e t t mor ge r iednonpr e e ona y elt d o he e ne alz omoton ca m pr e e i t EEOC i li es nt d n he cha ge Syd r 681F. a 595. I o he wo ds t s c fci tnc sofnonpr o i r . no , 3d t n t r r , he pe ii nsa e om ton c a ne i t n e d c pl i woul lkel bedi c r d t ough a r as bl ont i d n he m nde om a nt di y s ove e hr e ona e i si tonoft mo ege r lal to i t EEOC c r .I a 596(ii Smih, nvetgai he r ne a legains n he ha ge d. t ctng t 202 F.da 2 7 .He c ,ot e tn ta Caiins e sd s sa o t en n r mo incam o te 3 t 4 ) n e t he x e th t rl e k imis l f h o p o to li n h o bas sofa f l e t e us a i s r tve r m e e , hecou twilde t m oton. i aiur o xha t dm nit a i e di s t r l ny he i B. Faiure t st e a cl m l o at ai Assae a ttd bove,Caii ague purua tt Rul 1 b)6)t tCol hasf l t sat a rlon r s s n o e 2( ( ha es aied o t e cl i upon w hi h r le c be gr nt d wih r s c t t nonpr oton c a m and t I ED am c e i f an a e t e pe t o he om i l i he I Cj *n. al r 1. Faiure t prom ot l o e I a tont s e ng dimis loft pli ifsnonpr n ddii o e ki s s a he antf omoton cai o t ba i oflc i l m n he ss a k o s be t te j rs ito , rl nas s e sds sa o t ef i r -opr moecam f u j c matr u id cin Caii lo e k imisl f h al et - o t li o u purua tt Rul 1 b)6) Caii c e t t a r fom t t s ii i tnc of s n o e 2( ( . rlon ontnds ha, pat' he wo pecfc nsa es r nonpr oto dicus e above t r m a nd oft pl i ifs f t as e tonsr a e t t om i n s s d , he e i er he a ntf ac ual s r i el t d o he nonpr i cam c ieva algainst ta ei ufiintt s vveaRul 1 b)6) omoton li omprs gue le to ha r ns fce o ur i e 2( ( m oton. i tlhepur eofaRul 1 b)6)moto i t ts t s fce y ofac ant ipos e 2( ( in s o et he ufiinc ompli ; tmpo tnty,( Rul 1 b)6)moi doe no rs vec esss r ngt fcs t meis i ra l a e 2( ( tonl s t e ol ont t uroundi he a t, he rt ofa c a m , t a i abiiy ofde e e .' Edw a dsv. t ofGol bor 1 F. 231 243 l i or he pplc lt f ns s '' r Civ ds o, 78 3d , (t Ci.1 ( i Republc nPa t v. ri 980F. 943,952( h Ci.1 ) Th , 4h r 999) quotng ia rv Ma tn, 2d 4t r 9924. us t pr ri r i ç w he he a pl ntf w iluli a e y pr va lbutw he he t c a m a i he ope nquiy s s not t r ai i f l tm t l e i t r he l i nt s e il t ofere de t s ntted o f vi nce o uppor (t)cai .'Sc rv.Rho , U. 232,236( 97 . t is l ms' heue des 416 S. 1 4) The c r mus ac e aloft al gai nsi t c ou t t c pt 1 he le to n he ompl n a tue a dr w a lr as bl ait s r nd a 1 e ona e i e enc si f voroft pl ntf.Edwar ,1 F. a 2 Alhough t co pl nta tc d nf r e n a he ai if ds 78 3d t 44. t ; m ai ta ke a byaRul 1 b( moint dimisdoe notnee dealdfct lalgai ,apl ntf' e 2()6) to o s s s d tie a ua le tons ai ifs oblgai t pr det û ounds ofgt)d ttel nt t r lef r quiesmor t lbesa i ton o ovi he gr ' is enil me l o ei e r e han a l nd c uso ,a a f r ul cr iai n oft ee e t ofa c us ofaci wilnotdo. Bel oncl i ns nd o m ai ect to he lm n s a e ton l ' l ' At. r . Two l 5 0U. 5 4 5 5( 0 )(n e ml iai n o te ) Asu n t a te l Co p v. mbv, 5 S. 4 , 5 2 07 itn ctto s mi d . s mig h th t f c ua aleg tonsi t c pl i a e tue, he û us be e a t l l a i n he om a nt r r t y d t noug t r i e a rghtt r le a m h o a s i o e i f bove t s ul tve l ve . 1 he pec a i e l' d. ' The que to t r o e be m e whe he Col shaspl d s f c entf c s s a t r s hi s i n he ef r co s t r e e ufi i a t o s o ai e s rghtt r le a i o e i f bove t s c a i l velw ih r pe tt t ge a i e alega i unde gi d ng he pe ul tve e t es c o he ner lz d l tons r ri t no om oton c a m . Til V 1 m a i d n unl w f e pl e pr c i f a he npr i li te l kes t i a a ul m oym nt a tce or n e pl er...t di c i i t a ns a i vi lw ih r s c t hi c pe a i t r , m oy o s rm na e gai t ny ndi dua t e pe t o s om ns ton, e ms c tons orprviege ofe pl ym e , ca e ofs h i vi l sr ce c or r lgi s x, ondii , i l s m o nt be us uc ndi dua ' a , ol , e i on, e ornainalorgi ' 42U. C.j2000e- a ( 06) Toetbls aprmafceca eofa to i n.' S. 2() 20 . sa ih i a i s dici naor f l et pr e apli ifmus s t t i()ghei ame rofa srmi t y aiur o omot, antf t how ha: t1 j s mbe pr e tdgr ( t r wa as ii postonf whi (hea id,( ghewasquaii d otce oup, 2) hee s pecfc ii or ch l pple 3) l lte f t tposton,a ( ( se oye lrj ce hgs a iai unde cic tnc t tgi or ha ii nd 4) hi mpl r ee td iq pplc ton r rumsa es ha ve rs t a i ee eofdici nai ' W ila v. a Foodl ,370F. 423,430(t Ci. ie o n nfrnc s rmi ton. lims Gint ' nc. 3d 4h r 2004) s as Br ntv.Ai nReg' Me Cts I ,333F. 536,545n. ( h Ci.2003 ((n ; ee lo va ke l d. r .nc. 3d 3 4t r )C l f iur t pr m ot ca e s h ast s çhe f a e o k ofpr f di pa a e t e t e cl i s ... a l e-o- o e s s uc hi , t r m w r oof or s r t r a m nt a m i t s mef acinsbr s he n or to oughtu rTil V1, j1 1 o boh sauts''quotngM al vv. nde te 1or 98 , r t tt e .'( i lor 800t Refi rtonSuppl Co.I ,8 F.d 908, 0(t Ci.1 );Ha h rgeai v s nc. 82 2 91 4h r 989)) vwoodv. Gute rz No.108c 1, ire , : v98 2009 W L 1 111 a *5n. ( D.Va Apr 30,2009)(ttngt tt 208 , t 2 E. . . sai ha he a bove m e i d f a e or a i s C ih lt l vmi ton, o f iur - o- om ot c ai s whe he - ntone r m w k pple , ' t ite a i t a l e t pr w e lm t r ba e uponr e, nde,ora '. sd ac ge r ge' ) A fe co i rng t pl ntf' a l ga i i t n e ed c pl i a t r l va t r nsde i he ai i f s le tons n he m nd om a nt nd he e e nt c e l w , he c tbele s t t i dr w i a 1r as bl i er nc i f voroft pl i if as a t our i ve ha , n a ng 1 e ona e nf e es n a he a ntf , Col s ha a l d s fc e f t whi h,i be i ve w oul s t s y t f r e e e sofhi e s lege ufi i nt ac s c f le d, d a i f he ou l m nt s f iur t pr al e-o- omot cl m a a co d ngl wo den il hi t r le ba e on t ge r ied e ai nd, c r i y, ul tte m o ei f s d he ne alz a lga i i n iid by Ca ii Fis , esc e ry hasa lge f t de onsr tngt the i a le tons de tfe rlon. r t Col l a l le d ac s m ta i ha s m e bero a pr t c e cl s Sec m f o e t d as . ond,a t lhoug Col ha no e i il alege t the a i d h es s t xplc ty l d ha pple f as ii posto hehasalge t the's or pectc iin, le d ha doughtt bepr e t t e postons'ofTe h o omotd o hlq ii ' c 1 a Te h 11 ( ke No.21a ! 1 ) l a eve t t c tnoest Colsal si t 1 nd c 1. Doc t t 2. n ny n,he our t hat e lege n he a e d c pl ntt tCarlon f ie t a f d hi a opporuniy t a y f a l as s e of m nde om ai ha ii a l d o f or m n t t o ppl or t e t om t pr i t tweeltre e dt whiemaes (d. eW ilams 370F.da 431 he omotons ha r ae xtnde o t l . l )Se li , 3 t (é t ohe ha it e oyerfist makeise oye sa r ofvac nce ,t d he t r nd,f he mpl On al o t mpl e wae a is he applca i r quie e m ay be r l xe a t em pl e t e t a i s had a t l a i d i ton e r m nt e a d nd he oye r a ed s f he c ualy pple fras cii poston.) Va Sl v. rhrp Gr o pe tc ii ' ; n vke No t o umma Cor ,11 F.Su 2d587,5 ( ' n p. 5 pp. 95 D. M d. 2000)(tAlt d lhought pli ifwa u bl t poi t s cfcpr i postonsi g he antf s na e o nt o pe ii omoton ii n w hi h s e es e a i e e t t pl i if i or ert s t s y t s ond pr ofhe prm a c he xm s d n nt r s , he a ntf , n d o a i f he ec ong r i f c e ca e wasonl r quied t s w t tha s kno n ofa pa tc a pos ton,s woul ai s, y e r o ho ha d he w r i ul r ii he d ha a pled. (mphassi orgnal,afd,1 F. x 1 4 ( hCi. )( rc im) ve p i ' e ' i n ii l) f' 7 App' 5 4t r 2001 pe ura . Thid,a t ug heha no e es l aleg t the w a q i i d f t pos tonsofTe 1 a r lho h s t xpr sy l ed ha s ualf e or he ii ch 1 nd Te h 1 1 he hasa l ed t the i pe f m e t dute ofa Te h 1 a Te h l la t a ned c 1, leg ha s has r or d he i s c 1 nd c l nd r i ot re pl est do t s m e 'a t thi f m ers r s ,J i G r ha ,i o m e t he m oye o he a ' nd ha s or upe vi or am e a m nf r d he pli ift ti wa g ngt pr t ( es. ( ke No.21a ! 1 ) Fourh,Colsce l antf ha % s oi o omoe Co1 1' Doc t he ' t 2. t e lary hassetf t f s s orh act ugges i an i er tng nf ence ofdicrm i ton he hasaleged t ûCar lon has s i na i l hat ' ii hie orpr e ma whiemal a Te h I' or1Isbu fie t p omot pl ntf. (d. rd omotd ny t es s c ls l' t ald o r e ai if' J ) ' SeeMcca ke v.He y,461F. x268,270( h Ci.201 ( rc i ($ s wi t ta s v nr App' 4t r 2) pe uram) $ ho ng ha A m e be o s de oft pr t c e cl s r ce ved apr m o i i t a oft pl i i fi s fc e t m r ut i he o e t d a s e i o ton ns e d he a ntf s uf i i nt o ce t a i ee eofdici nai '(ii Ca t v. l33F. 450,458(t Ci.1 ). rae n nf rnc s rmi ton. ctng rer Bal, 3d ' 4h r 994)) The e or be us Col sha a nc d f t al ga insi t a r f e, ca e e s dva e acual le to n he mende c pli whih,i d om a nt c f bei ve woul s tsy t f urr quie elme sa e il hi t r le , hec t l de le d, d a if he o e r d e nt nd ntte m o e if t our wil ny Caii sRul 1 b)6 motonwihrs c t t non o ton cam. rlon' e 2( () i t epe t o he prmoi li 2. I ent ona i c i o e otonaldit e s nt i l nni t on f m i sr s Caii alo a srst tpurua t Rul 1 b)6)t c t tdimist pli ifs rlon s se t ha, s nt o e 2( ( ,he our mus s s he antf' sa e 1 w I ED c a m f r f iur t a l e s fci ntf c st e t bls t e r m e c tt a I l i o a l e o leg uf i e a t o s a ih he xt e onduc a t nd ha m r quie t s t n s h a cl i . Addii ly,Ca ii n ar s t tV igi a' t ye r r e r d o us ai uc am tona l rlo gue ha r ni s wo- a saueoflmiainsba sCols IED cli be a e at ht a nde c ant(i t ttt i tto r e ' I am c us, lhoug he me d ompli lke he orgna c ant fist s cf t daesoft alge ye r conduc,s h c nd tmus ii l ompli ) al o pe iy he t he le dl xteme t uc o uc t ha oc ur e pr o t t tlng oft N o m be 7, ve c r d i r o he i i he ve r 2009 EEO C c r Be us t c pl i ha ge. ca e he om a nt w a no fl un i N ove be 23, 1, or t n t o yea st r afe , ii c e t tt s t ied t l m r 201 m e ha w r he e t r Carlon ont nds ha he sa ut oflm ia i o a est ba t sc a m . t t e i t tons per t o r hi l i Tosaea IED cli unde Vigi alw,apli ifmus alege:( )t wr doe ' tt n I am r r ni a antf t l 1 he ong rs co twasi e i lorr c es ;( t c nduc ntntona e kl s 2) he onduc wa o r ousa i olrbl ()t t s utage nd nt ea e; 3 he alge wrngulc le d o f onduc a e to ldites aec us lyc ce a ( t dite si t nd moina sr s r a al onne td; nd 4) he srs s s vee.Rusov. hie,400S. 2d 1 1 ( .1 ) Assae a ,Ca iinchalng e r s W t E. 60, 62 Va 991. ttd bove rlo le es t s tc e y oft a l d f t i t a e ed co pl i i of ra t r l t t t s ond he ufi i nc he lege ac s n he m nd m a nt ns a s hey e a e o he ec and f h el ent ofan I ED cl m . ourt em s I ai Pur uantt t second el entofan I ED cl m ,a pl ntf m ustpr t t conduct s o he em I ai ai i f ove hat he gi ng ri t t cl m w asoutageous and i ol abl vi se o he ai r nt er e.To s i y t s el ent Col r i on atsf hi em , es eles t a l ga i i t a e d c pl i s r he le tons n he m nde om a nt ur oundi t us ofr ci ly a i l nguag and ng he e a a l busve a e s ymbol a Ca ii n' pe sse e i r f i t pr s nd rlo s r it nc n e usng o omot hi whie ee tngt pr e m l lc i o omot whie e t m a e i t a A n I ED c ai unde V igi a l w û e r s e r m e oroutage c l s ns e d. I lm r r ni a d qui e xte r r ous onduc t itn e t c u ea i fc c u i sv r e to a d srs .t te ' a j tha- ony ne d d o a s nd n a t a sng e e e moi n l ite s Exrme me ns us t t- l t m os e r bl c he t xec a e onduc c gi r s t t t t ' W e v.Ba e Hea t a e Com . 57 F. d t an ve i e o he or . ' bb xt r lhc r , 3 1 6 , 9 W L 3 2 5 a * ( t Ci.1 9 )(e c ra ( n u ls e tb ed cso ) 0 7 1 95 5 48 , t 5 4h r 9 5 p r u im) u p bih d a l e ii n . Furhemor,tlla lt ha be nf o ywheet c t r e dlibiiy s e ound nl r he onduc ha be n s outage i t s e o r ous n c r c e ,mz s e r m e i de e a t go be ha a t r d o xt e n gr e, s o yond a lpos i e boundsofde nc a t be l s bl ce y, nd o r ga de a a r i ,a ute l i ol r e i a c vii ed s i t ' Rus o,400 S. 2d a 1 e r d s t oc ous nd t ry nt e abl n i lz oc e y. ' s E. t 62. W hiet ale c l he l ged onduc i t i t ntca e ' a vi a e co e por y s a r ofa opra e t n he ns a s t v ol t nt m ar t nda ds ppr i t m be vi i t wor a ,(heco t c nnotlbe ia ar iyorû try i olrbl i a ha or n he kplce t urq a a lt n toct utel nt ea e n ci lz s it ''W e 1 W L 35 viied ocey.' bb, 995 2485, t*6(mphassi o i nal (oncudi t tt a e i n rgi ) c l ng ha he pl i if sa l atons t ts w a r pe t dl rdi e ba e on he g nde ,r lgi a a ntf ' leg i ha he s e a e y i cul d s d r e r e i on, nd dia lt we ei ufi intt saeacam f IED unde Vigi alwl s ealoLa v. sbiiy r ns tce o tt li or I r r ni a ; e s w Aut neSt es l , 4: ozo or ,nc.No. 09CV00017, 2009W L 43491 a * ( . Va. v.25, 65, t 3 W D. No 2009) (ttngt t ge r l ç r labus a us ofi e ii lng wilnotme tt bilf sai ha, nealy,t ba ve e nd e nsnstve a uage l e he l or outa ousandi ol a ec r ge nt erbl onduc f pur e ofa IED cli ba e onVigi alw') t or poss n I am s d r ni a '; Harsv.Kr te ,62 S. 2d24,3 ( 2006)(ttngt tilq e ii a de ni ri euz r 4 E. 4 Va. sai ha tins nstve nd mea ng cond tdoe no e t t o rgeo be virasstbyourc elw' .Fort sras n,he uc s t quae o uta us ha o e as a ' ) hi e o t cou twilgrntCaii ' Rul 1 b)6)moto wihrs tt t pl ntf' IED cli ? r l a rlon s e 2( ( in t epec o he ai ifs I am. 1 The c s on w hi h t pl ntf r i ,Bar e r lBar v. s,1 2F3 4 2(t Ci.1 9 )i ae c he ai if eles id x e. id Roe 9 .d 6 4h r 9 9 ,s i ppost t t f t oft i t tc ew ih r pec t t s c ee e oft IED cai .l Baid,t Fourh na ie o he acs he nsan as t es t o he e ond lm nt he I l m n r he t Cic tc udedt tas r ui oncl ha choolofi alsalge c fci ' le d onduc t r ayoung gilc d s if t s condel tofan t owa d r oul atsy he e emen IED c am b s d o t ealgain t a t es h o o fca ç sa u ig h rp sto a d b c u egh o fcalh d I li a e n h le t h t h c o l fiil t b sn e o i n n e a s t e fii l a o wa i rao t k o ta I egrlwa p riual ss e t e' l. t 7 ; e as i.éTh panif' c mpan e s n o n w h tt il s a t lry u c pi . d a 4 2 se lo d (l e litfls o lit h c bl ' t alg s i trai, h t(h o fc a) i h rc p ct a (h grlsta h ra d rn aca st wh c Eh g rqwa l e , n e l t a t e fiil n e a a i s t e il' e c e nd u i g ls o ih t e il s e a y asg d itnin l atmpe t h miit (h ) hi , n wigta s ewa s feigfo ci c l sine ne to al te td o u l e te c l k o n h t h s ufrn rm l a y a d ni 1 9 111. C oncl i us on Fo t r as pr e e a r he e ons es nt d bove, hec t l g an i pa ta de i pa tCa ii n' t our wil r t n r nd ny n r rlo s Rul 1 b)1 moto a wilgrn i pa ta de i pa tCaii sRul 1 b)6)moton. e 2( () in nd l a t n r nd ny n r rlon' e 2( ( i The Cl r i diec e t s nd c r ii d c pi s o t s m e o a e k s r t d o e e tt e o e f hi m r ndum opi on a t ni nd he ac om pa ng or rt a1 couns ofr c d. c nyi de o 1 el e or 4 ENTER:Thi /n t da ofJ j ztj s y uy, lz . ) . M Chi fU nied St t D i ti tJ e t a es s r c udge de rsin.) l c nrs,h r in alg to i teisa t aeta Caiinofcasa u e terp st na d peso '. n o tattee s o l ain n h ntn c s h t rl fiil b sd h i o ii n ' e o o t tt we ea aet tCol ha bor a aypials ce i lt t s h a e. ha hey r w r ha es r ed ny t c us ptbiiy o uc bus Fu t r e,he c tno e anoherposi ed iinc i t pl ntf ' IED cl m wih r pe tt t rhemor t our t s t sbl efce y n he ai ifs I ai t es c o he f t ee e ofs acli .Pt s ntt t selm e ,apl ntf mus de o taet tt dite sr s tngfom ourh lm nt uch am t ua o hi e nt ai if t m nsr t ha he sr s e uli r r tealg dc n u ti sv r.S eRu s , 0S. 2 a 13(lliblyaie o ywh ntee t n l itesi h le e o d c s e ee e so 40 E.d t 6 tt a it rss nl e h moi a dsrs s t i o e te , n o l wh r t ed sr s i s s v r t a n r a o a ep r o c u dbee p c e t e d r i . .' . xr me a d ny e e h ite s s o e e e h t o e s n bl e s n o l x e td o n u e t . .) ' AlhoughCol ale t theha s fr d d e ee otonaldites , s eHafl v. . .Ti esCo.41 F.d t es lges ha s ufe e t ver m i s sr s' e til N Y m ' , 6 3 3 0 3 7(t Ci. 00 ) c n ldn ta g n rl e alg t n o çe eee to a dsrs'a dt re o s 2 , 3 4h r2 5 (o cu ig h t e eai d l ai s fG v r moin l ites' n s iv u z e o s g e to a dites' r s f ce towi sa daRue1 ()6 moinwi rs e toteij r ee n o a IED moin l srs'wee ut in t t tn i h l 2b() to t ep c t h nuy lme t f n I h cam)Coe ltrc n e e i hsa n e c mpan t t erman e o e wi Caiint ti d y.Th fc li , ls ae o c d sn i me d d o litha h e is mply d t rl o hs a h o e at t tColshasel td t co i wor ng a Ca ii bei hi al tonofs ve eemotonaldites .l a ha e ece o ntnue ki t rlon les s legai e r i sr s n ny ev t a sae a en , s ttd bove,hecour nee notr y ont spotnta i ufk inc i t a ende c pli bas ont t t d el hi e il ns t e y n he m d om ant ed he co tsprorr i t tColsha f l t s tsyt s condelm e ofhi IED cai . ur' i ulng ha e s aied o aif he e e nt sI lm Fu t rsileve i Colsha alge s fcintfcst s if t ne es ay el nt ofhi IED cl m, rhe tl, n f e d le d ufi e a t o atsy he c s r eme s sI ai t c 'belev t tt pl n ifsIED cl m i bar dbyt a ia esaut oflmiains Pu s ntt he oul i es ha he aitf ' I t ai s re he pplc bl tt e i t to . r ua o Vignalw,I camsaesbe toat - a saueofi tt n .Va Co eAn j8012 ( et 01 ) rii a IED li r u j c t woyer ttt l ai s . d n. . -43 W s 2 2 . mi o Alh u hCoe alg sta Caiinsc n u t so itdwi isdsrmiaoyrf slopo t hi (e frhi to g ls l e h t rlo ' o d c a scae t t ici n tr eu a t rmoe m sto t n e h p rga h1 ofh a nd dc mplit c niu su a ae t tep ee t y Colsfist alg wh nte aa rp 2 te me e o an) o tn e n b td o h rsn da , e al o l e e h e r cal h r s i gb h v o ( e f rh i p r g a h l o t ea n e c mplit o c re Ho v r a Ca io a il a a sn e a ir s t o t n a a rp l f h me d d o an ) c u r d. we e , s rl n y i obs r ,heha a sngbeha ort tfr st ba i oft pli ifsIED cl m w a algedge r l i hi EEOC eves t rsi vi ha o m he ss he antf ' I ai s le nealy n s c ge a ass h,m us ha oc ur ed prort t flng oft cha ge on N ove be 7,2009. Be us t har nd, uc t ve c r i o he ii he r m r ca e he c mpan wa n tfldu t mo eta t yer teehe ( nNo e e 2 2 1,h saueo l tto s o lit s o ie ni r h n wo as h ra r o v mb r 3, 01 )te ttt f i ain l mi lkel ope at st ba Col 'I ED cl m . i y r e o r es I ai Fi ly, he cou tnot t tV igi a c t fown u n IED cl m s SeeRus o,400 S. 2d a l na l t r es ha r ni our s r po I ai . s E. t 62 Ct d e , h v s i r c n l t a s c t rsa e to fv rd' nt elm '( u t g Ruh v Flt h r 37 S. 2 l e d we a e ad e e t h t u h o t r n t a o e i h a ' q o i t . ec e , 7 E.d n y n 41 , 5( .1 8 $) 2 41 Va 9 9 .