-RSB Crockett v. Braxton et al, No. 7:2011cv00550 - Document 30 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 9/6/2012. (tvt)
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CL S OFFI U. DI GOtc ERK' CE S. ST. l A7 ru4tthE, ' ' ' ( VA )? l 7 j) rr '; .l g ) . SE' 0s 2 1 ? û2 I TH E U NI N TED STATES DI STRI T C O U R T C FO R TH E W E STERN D I STRICT O F V I G I I R N A R O A NO K E DIV ISIO N R O Y CR O C K ETT, Pl ntf , ai if V. D. BR AXTON etaI, A. . D ef endant s. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) JULI A BK 'L , L ERK , Ci lA ct on N o.7: vi i 11cv00550 M EM O M N DU M O PIN IO N By:Sa uelG.W is m lon U ni ed Stat D i t ctJudge t es s ri Thi i a aci purua t 42U. C.j1 bypl ntf RoyCr ket aVigi a s s n ton s nt o S. 983 ai if oc t, r ni i na e pr ee ngrr s a l gi t tt def nda svi a ed t Ei h A m e m t oc di o e, le ng ha he e nt ol t he ght ndm e t t nt o he Unie St t Cons iuton by f ii t pr de hi w ih ade t m edi lca e f rhi C dne t d a es tt i a lng o ovi m t qua e ca r o s f ki y p o lms' Cr c ets e sad caao yj g n ,nu cier l f a ddn g st rd e sh s r be . o k t e k e lr tr ud me tij n tv ei , n ma e o e r s i ' e alg dijlis Th d fn a t, o rme ia p o e so asa dt wade o Ke nM o nan l e nt e . e e e d n s f u dc l r fsi n l n he r n f e u ti e r Co r cin l n e (L CC' , h v mo e f rs mmayj d me ta dCr c e t a tld re to a Ce tr ( KM ' 1 a e v d o u r u g n , n o k t h s ie ) r s esi opposton t t em otons m a ng t sm a trrpe f rdiposton.Be us t e pons n ii o hos i , ki hi te i o s ii ca e he unc r dit d e de s onta c e vi nce howst tt def nt we enotdelbe a ey i fe e t as rous ha he enda s r i r t l ndif r nt o e i me ia n e t c u t rn st ed fn a t' to f rs dc l e d,he o r g a t h ee d n s moins o ummayj dg n . r u me t 1Cr ketnam e Dr G e adT.Hopki ,J hn D ' es a o, oc t s . rl ns o Al s ndr EugeneW hied,Da elBr t a J t ni axon, nd ohn DoeH e t Sevi sDiecorasde e nt t t sacin.Dr Hopki i alce edphyscin wihi t a1h r ce r t f nda s o hi to . ns s i ns i a t n he Co n at of r i a Ho kn Af. 1 D' e sn r i ap y iin' a ssa tl e sdb t mmo we 1 Vigni. p is f! . Alsa do s h sca s sitn i n e y he h c Co n at of r ii.D' e sn r Af. 1 DrHo kn a D' esn r p o ieme ia sr ie t mmo we l Vigna Alsa do f! . . p is nd Alsa d o r vd dc l evc s o h imae a KenMo nanCo rcin l ne (( n ts t e u ti re to a Ce tr ç KMCC'.Ho kisAf. 1 D' esndoAf. l Un e Dr ' p n f! ; Alsa r f! . d r . ) Hopki s r son,D' e s ndr i a et c ns' upe vii Als a o s bl o onduc ph i le mi to ,di t ysca xa nains agnos a te til s e or ra e nd r a lne s s, de nd i e prtt t couns lon pr ve atvehe t c r gi m e c or r ,a wrt pr c i i .D' l s r A f. ntr e ess, e e nt i alh a e, ve dial de s nd ie es rptons A esand o f ! l Dr Ho knsi n t e uie t b p y ial pee twh nD' e sn r d l esme ia sr ie t imae . . . p i s o rq rd o e h sc l rsn e Alsa do ei r dc l evc s o n ts y v I . W ht d i ar g se e n r el e e i t eCo nwe l o Vigni.W ht dAf $1 W h td i t He lh d i s e it r d u s i ns d n h mmo at f r i a e c h i e f . ie s he at Adm i sr t a KM CC a s r s t m e ca de rm e .I N u s W hied' dutesi l r e ng nitaor t nd upe vies he di l pa t nt d. r e t s i ncude eviwi i or a compl n sfom i ae co e i m e c is s.l D a e Br xt i t W a de a KM CC.Brxt nf m l ait r nm ts nc m ng dial s ue d. nil a on s he r n t a on Af. 1 Brxo ha n rs o sbit o s p riino e teata a miitaino me ia sr ie po ie b f! . a tn s o e p n i ly r u evso v r h cu l d nsrto f dc l evc s r vd d y i t me ia d p me tsa f I a !4. he dc l e m n tf. d. t ' O n Feb ua y 1 2011 Cr ke t asta f r ed f om Lawr nc le Cor ec i lCe e r r 8, , oc t w r ns e r r e evil r tona nt r (t 't KM CC.UponCr ket' a rva a KM CC, r c vedaf l me c e mi ton. t LCC' o ) oc ts ri l t he e ei ul dial xa nai Cr ketal ge t tm e ca sa fa KM CC a s r eved hi medialr or fom hi pror oc t le s ha di l t f t lo ec i s c ec ds r s i fclywhc : la l idiae t a ( o k t)wa o c r ni c r sausf rh p re so .z a ii ih < e ry n c td h t Cr c et s n h o c ae tt o y e tn in' t c ' ( oc t c ede t tsncearvi a KMCC, dialsafhasconi dt pr dehi Cr ket onc s ha i ri ng t me c tf tnue o ovi s hype tnso m e c tons) Ac r ngt t medialrnse pa r k, t eei no i c ton re i n di a i . co di o he c ta fr pe wor 3 h r s ndia i t tCr ke twa s f i a ki y pr e sa t tm eofhi tans e . Se M edial ha oc t s uferng ny dne oblm t he i s r fr e c Rec dsa p.1 AsKM CC saf pr es e Cr ke ti o hi ne f ciiy,m e ca pe s l or t 0. t f oc s d oc t nt s w a lt di l r onne c omplt d a i a f r .Si ia t t ot rpa r k,i pr vi no i cai t tCr cket e e n nt ke o m m lr o he he pe wor t o des ndi ton ha o t wass f rng a ki y pr e s SeeM e c Re r a p.9. ufe i ny dne oblm . dial co ds t O n Fe ua y 28, 1 1 b w or w a pe f m ed o Cr ke t e M edi lRec dsa p br r 201 , a k s r or n oc t .Se ca or t p. 33 -35. Cr ocke t s 1 b r ulsi c t d t thi c ea i ne l ve w as 1. a hi es i a e t' a es t ndi a e ha s r tni e l 49 nd s tm t d gl nza flrtonrt (t ome lr itai ae G eGFR' was54.( dne f toni e l t bymeaurng ' ) Ki y unci s vauaed si c ea i ne a eGFR l l . The no m a c e tni r nge f a m a e i 0. r tni nd eve s r l r a i ne a or l s 76-1 27;t no m a . he r l eGFR fra Afia Ameia maei 59orhi r) Ther i noe de et tanyoft o n rc n rc n l s ghe . e s vi nc ha he defnda swe ea r oft s r ulsbe or J y 2011. e nt r wa e he e es t f e ul Cr ke tcli t ti J 2011 hebega e re i s ve ehe dac ,ni hts a s oc t a ms ha n une , n xpe incng e r a hes g we t , a t xtemeki y pai ' On J 24 a 25,2011 Cr ke tsa e t the sg d up f sc nd t r e dne n. ' une nd , oc t t t s ha i ne or i k c l t s et doc o sça al o e he t r tbouthi c to ' Cr ke tal ge t thi sck- al r s wa s ondii n. oc t le s ha s i c l eque t s ' 2 AtLCC, Cr ketr ei d r gulrm e cain t te tchr chype t in. The e i no i c ton t t oc t ec ve e a di to o r a oni renso r s ndia i ha Cr ketr ei a team en f ikine pr blm s'whie a LCC. The c tnoes t tnone oft na e oc t ec ved ny r t t or ç d y o e ' l t our t ha he m d deenda st t sacin conduced Cr ke tsit kem e c e i ton. f nt o hi to t oc t' n a dial xam nai 3 o k t' me ia rc r saea n x dt ted fn a t' t frsmmayj d me t Do k t . 4 Crc ets dc le o d r n e e o h ee d ns moi o u l u g n ( c e No 2 ) on a e bi 4. A1 r f enc t m e ca r cor he en r f t t e r or anne t t m oto f r s m m' t xhi t 1 eer es o di l e ds r i eer o hos ec ds xed o he in o um y j d me t u g n. 2 r t ne t hi af da lt rwih anotton t theha be n ca ld t medi lbutr f e t eur d o m ew ys a e t ai ha d e le o ca e us d o go. Cr ke t oc t doesno de t s Tha s m e da Cr ke t i ed a i or a c pl i r que tng t ny hi . ta y, oc t t l n nf m l om a nt e s i me c teame f hi t da he ,c tpans a pan i ( s ki ys' Cr tcli dialr t nt or s i c s hes i , nd i n hiq dne .' ocket ams hea t to J 28, 1 hi pan be ame t o i t ns ' ha he fl a e e ge y g iva es e ng ha n une 201 , s i c l n e e't t ied n m r nc re nc e ki s me c lte t e .A nur e e ua e Cr ket t s meday a s hed ed hi t s e di a r am nt s val t d oc the a nd c ul m o e physca sas itntD' ls a o. i in' ssa A e s ndr On J y 6,2011, ' l s ndr e m i d Cr ke t Cr ke talege t ta t rhe t d ul D A es a o xa ne oc t. oc t l s ha f e ol D' e s ndr ofhi ki y pan, ' es a o r vi we Cr ke tsm e ca fl a c Al s a o s dne i D Al s ndr e e d oc t' di l ie nd omm e e ntd t ti r fe t d ahit yofki y pr blm s r e rng t t Fe ta y 28,2011 1b wor ha t e lc e sor dne o e , efr i o he brzr ,a k. Cr ke t am st tt swast fr theha he r ofa ki y pr blm s D' es a o oc t cli ha hi he is d a d ny dne o e . Al s ndr or r f rhe bl a urnet ss whi h we epe f m e on J y 8, 1 Cr ke tc am s de ed u t r ood nd i e t, c r ror d ul 201 . oc t l i t tdes t hi c pl nt ofpai D ' e s ndr di notpr c i a pa n media i The ha pie s om ai s n, Als a o d es rbe ny i c ton. ne 1b r ulsi cae t tCr ke tski ne r a ngswe ei ovi - hi c ea i nel ve w a es t ndi t d ha oc t' d y e di r mpr ng s r tni e l w a 1. a hi eGFR w as64. On J y 13, 1 D ' e s o r vi w e Cr s 41 nd s ul 201 , Al s andr e e d ocke t s l b wor t' a k, not Cr ke t si pr ng ki ed oc t ' m ovi dney f ton,a or r d ar pe toft 1 b w or i t ee unc i nd de e e a he a k n hr mont .On J y 1 2011, ocketfl d a i or a co pl ntsai t thewasi çc t t hs ul 4, Cr t ie n nf m l m ai t tng ha n çonsan pai 'a notr e vi ade t m e c lt e t e . The r pons t t s c pl i i ca e n' nd ec i ng qua e di a r a m nt es e o hi om a nt ndi t d t tt docor we eawar ofCr ke ts1b wor a t thi co ton wa beng m onior d. ha he t s r e oc t' a k nd ha s ndii s i t e O n A ugus 1 2011 Cr ke tfl a i or a c pl i a gui t he had notr c ve t , , oc t ied n nf m l om a nt r ng hat e ei d an m e ca te t e û toe r't thi ki yswe esill tng, a t ti wa y di l r am nt t s ve ,'ha s dne wha r tl ç i ' nd ha t s hur ' i r s bl no t dof t rt t t ( tr ne t c us of( s pana s frng. l ç ea ona e t o urhe ess o deemi q he a e hi! i nd ufei ' n un ' r pons t t c pl nt Cr ke twasa s d t t1 b wo k ha be c plt d a r viwe es e o he om ai oc t dvie ha a r d en om e e nd e e d by t doc or t tr pe t1 b w or w ass he e a t the s d r ques s c ca li he was he t , ha e a a k c dul d, nd ha houl e t ik l f s ilc tl once d. nw On Se e be 1 2011, oc t c a m st thi ki pt m r , Cr ke t l i ha s dneysw e e i te r i tng ' i a r n ç xc uc a i ' pa n nd her se sc ca l I r pons anur ee eque td ik l. n es e, s xami d Cr keta t d hi t hewoul be ne oc t nd ol m hat d plc o t ls t s e adoc or e c lsa fofe e Cr ke to rt - unt rpai a ed n he it o e t .M di a t f f r d oc t ve -he co e n m e cai whi h her us d.Lae t ts m eda Cr ke tfl a e e ge y gre nc di ton, c ef e tr ha a y, oc t ied n m r nc i va e s ki m e c tea m e . I r s ee ng di al r t nt n e pons t hi g i vmwe, he e ni ntr e pl c Cr ke to e o s re t ve ng ls a ed oc t n Tyl nol w i e a da f f ve da . The nur e al o a s d Cr ke tt r t n t m e c li hi e t c y or i ys s s dvi e oc t o e ur o di a f s pai becam e wors n e. On Se e ber7,2011 Cr pt m , ocke ts w D ' l s a o. Cr ket s a est tD ' l s ndr t a A e s ndr oc t t t ha A es a o pe f m ed no phys c e i ton ofCr ke tbuta ked hi w ha wasw r ng. Cr ke tc a m s r or i al xam na i oc t s m t o oc t l i t thet d D' e s ndr t thewasi e r pan. D' es a opr c i d Tyl f a ha ol Al s a o ha n xteme i Al s ndr es rbe enol or n a tona t ry da a or r a tonal ve y s c fcurnet t t l k f s ehi ddii l hit ys nd de ed ddii , r pe ii i ess o oo or om t ng i i t ki yt tc dbec usnghi hi ( i ovi )ki yr di .D' e sndo nsde he dne ha oul a i s gh butmpr ng dne ea ngs Alsa r Af. 7.Afe hi a nt ntwihCr ket, Alsa r c le Dr Hopki t dic s f! tr s ppoi me t oc tD' e snd o ald . ns o s us Cr ketsme ea ne ds J .D' esa oas dDr Ho nswhehe hes dor rarna oc t' di l e . #z Al s ndr ke . pki t r houl de e l ulr ound a Dr H opki t d hi nott do t ulr s und untlt trne a ki ne f ton tas nd . ns ol m o he t a o i he li nd d y unc i ts rs t weert d.J sDr Hopki aload s dD' e snd ot t t ofpai et e uls r eume . . i ns s vie Alsa r hathe ypes n m e c ton a ia et Cr t we elmie bec us nonse oi la t-ntn aor dr gsa e dia i val bl o ocke t r i t d, a e t r da n ii l mm t y u r co ri c tdi paint wihki yf nci is s l a !8,Hopki Af. 8.On ntandiae n te s t dne u ton sue . d. t ' ns f ! Se e r20,2011, oc t sa ove ni hti t me c lde rmenti o de f sa ft pt mbe Cr ke t tyed r g n he di a pa t n r r or t f o cole hi urne f t e y- ourhour . l ct s i or w nt f s 4 On Oc obe 6,2011,Cr ke tf l d a i o lc pl i ,c a m i t tt pa n t r oc t ie n nf nna om a nt l i ng ha he i m edi a i w a no w or ng and t the w asi cons a pai Cr ke tski y f ton t s s c ton s t ki ha n t nt n. oc t ' dne unc i e t w e e r pea e o Oc ober 1 2011 a t y s e t tCr ke ts ki r e td n t 4, , nd he how d ha oc t ' dney f ton w a w e l unc i s l wihi nor llmis( sc e tni wa 126a hi e wa 85) On Ocobe 1 2011 t n ma i t hi r ai ne s . nd s GFR s . t r 9, , Cr t wass he e t s eD ' es a o, ca mshewa pr ve e fom doi s by ocke t c duld o e Al s ndr but li s e nt d r ng o core tona ofi e si hi housng t t trCr ke tm is hi a nt e , fl a r c i l fc r n s i mi.Afe oc t s ed s ppoi m nt he ied n em e ge y g i vanc a a i or a co pl n . l r s r nc r e e nd n nf m l m ai t n e pons t hi i or algr e nc N ur e e o s nf m i va e, s W hied i or t nf med Cr ke tt thewo d ber c duld t s D' e s ndr On Ocobe 26, oc t ha ul es he e o ee Al s a o. t r 2011 D ' e s ndr or r d a tona 1b wor t bepe f m e on Cr ke ti t m ont . On , Als a o de e ddii l a ko ror d oc t n wo hs Dec mbe 29,2011 t tl b wor wa pe f e r , ha a k s ronued a t r ulsr te t d t tCr ke tski y nd he es t el c e ha oc t' dne f tonwaswihi nor llmisa sili ovi ( sceai newa 11 a hi eGFR was unci t n ma i t nd tl mpr ng hi r tni s .6 nd s 94) D' esa ot nor r df l u 1bwor t bedonei t e mont .Now Cr ket . Al s ndr he de e olow-p a ko n hre hs oc t c a m st tt de e nt ha f ie t pr de hi w ih ade t m e c lt e t en ,i l i ha he f nda s ve a l d o ovi m t qua e di a r a m t n vi a i oft Ei h Am e ol ton he ght ndm e t t U nie St t s Cons iuton. nt o he t d a e tt i I I. Cr ket al ge t tt def nda swe edei r t y i fe e t hi ç dney oc t le s ha he e nt r lbe ael ndif r nt o s t ki pr e s' Howe r t uncontadit d r co dofte t e s oblm . ' ve , he r ce e r r am nt howsot wie a t c ut her s , nd he ot' g a t ted fn a t' to sf rs mmayj d me t r n s h ee d n s mo in o u r u g n . 4 To s a e a c ni bl Ei ht A m e m e cl i f de alofm e ca c r a pl ntf t t og za e g h nd nt a m or ni di l a e, ai i f mus alg fcss fkin t d mo taet a j i o tcaswe ed l e aeyi ifrn t a t l e a t u t e t o e nsr t h t al f il r ei rtl ndfee t o e i b 4 S mmayj d me ti a p o raewhe çh pla ig ,tedic v r a ds l u emaeil o fl, u r u g n s p r p it n ç e e dn s h so ey nd icosr tras n i t e a a afi t s nd ny tdavis how t tt e i no genui is a t a m ae ilf ta t tt m o nti e ild t ha her s ne sue s o ny tra ac nd ha he va s ntte o j d me t samatro lm ' Fe R. v. 5 ()2) Th p rymo n frsmmayj d me tb asteb r e ug na te fa ' d. Ci P. 6c( . e at vig o u r u g n e r h ud n ofi or i t c r oft ba i f is m oto a i ntf ng t e pa t of t r r t tde onsr t t nf m ng he ou t he ss or t in nd de iyi hos rs he eco d ha m tae he a e c o ag n n is eo maeilfc. Ceoe Co p v. tet47 U. 31 ,3 3 (98 ) I rve n a bsn e f e uie su f tra a t ltx r . Cart, 7 S. 7 2 1 6 . n e iwig s mmayj d n moinu d rRul 5 ,h c utç s d a alu tfa eifrn e i fv rofh no mo ig u r u gme t to n e e 6 te o r t t rw 1j siibl nee c s n a o te n vn mu p ry' UntdSttsv. r l Trnsome Co,9 8F.d 8 2 8 5(t Ci.1 92 (iig An esn v Liet at. ie ae Caoi a f r r . 7 2 3 , 3 4h r 9 ) ct ' na n d ro . b rv Lo b .n .4 7U. 2 2, 5( 9 6 b v lc, 7 S. 4 25 1 8 :. 5 s i me ca nee Esel v. mbl 429U. 97,1 ( 976) Stplsv. De tofCor. erous di l d. tle Ga e, S. 05 1 ; a e Va. p' r, 904F. supp.487,492( D. 1 ) A çs i me ca nee 'sionet tha be n E. Va. 995 . ferous di l d'i ç ha s e dignos d by aphyscan a m a tng team e oronet ti s obvi t te n a ly pe s a e i i s nda i r t nt ha s o ous ha ve a r on w o d e sl r c ul a iy e ogni e t nec s t f a doc o ' a t nton. I v.Shr ve,535 F. 225,2 z he es iy or t r s te i ' ko ' e 3d 41 ( hCi. ) A prs ofiili çdei rtl i fee 'onl i heçknowsofand 4t r 2008 . ion fca s û lbeaey ndifrnt' y f é di r ga dsa e e s ve r s t i a e hea t o s et ' Fa m e v.Br r a 511 U . 825,8 s e r n xc s i i k o nm t lh r af y.' r r e m n, S. 37 ( 994) 1 . M e eneglgenc doe notconsiu edelbe a ei fe e r i e s tt t i r t ndif r nce; aher aprs ofi i mus r t , ion fcal t bot bea r oft f ct fom whi h t i e e ec dbedr wn t ta s t nta rs of h wa e he a s r c he nf r nc oul a ha ubsa il ik hnm e ss a hemus drw t i eenc J o v. nones 145F. 1 1 (t Ci. r xit, nd t a he nfr e. ohns n Oui , 3d 64, 67 4h r 1 ) s eas Fame ,511U. a 837.Theofie ' c 998 ; e lo r r S. t fc rs onduc mus bes g osl i ompee t t t o r sy nc tn , i dequae ore es i a t s k t co c e e o t bei olr bl t fmda na t, xc sve s o hoc he ns i nc r o nt e a e o t mentlf m e s a ai s . M iii v. r 896F. 848,851( h Ci.1 .A cli c r ngadiag e me t lter Beo n, 2d 4t r 990) am onceni s re n be wee a i a ea m e c lpe s lr ga di di gnossorc zs ofte t tdoe no t n n nm t nd dia r onne e r ng a i otr e r a men s t i iaet Ei t Amendme .W rc v.Coli ,766F. 8 1 849( h Ci.1 ;Hars mplc t he ghh nt iht lns 2d 4 , 4t r 985) ri v. ura 761F.Supp.409,41 ( D. 1 .Uns e sulme ca te t ntdoe no M rv, 4 E. Va. 990) ucc s f di l rame s t gi rs t aj 1 c eofa to J onv.Tren,759F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1 ) ve ie o 983 aus cin. ohns e 2d 236, 238 5t r 985 . Furhe , heEi t Amendm e doe no r quieIprs docor t ke p an i ae pan-r i t rt gh h nt s t e r E ion t s o e nm t i fee n t afemahofpr rme c te t nt' Sni sv. Tel,95F. 586,59 (t Ci.1 ) he tr t ope dialr ame . pe De la ' 3d 2 7h r 996 ; Le i v.La n, os 3: 0c 30,3: 0c w s ppi N . 1 v1 1 v568, 3: 0c 4,2011 U . D it LEX I 1 77,a and 1 v68 S. s . S 201 t *8( D.Va. ) Smihv. E. 2011 ; t FCM MTC Med.LLC,No.3:0c 2,2011U. Dit LEXI . 1 v35 S. s. S 28 a *30( D. 2011;Bom na v.J hns No.3: v449, 0U. DitLEXI 899, t E. Va. ) n o on, 08c 201 S. s. S 1 00932,a * ( D. 201 .Tr ame beow t sa r ofc es t 21 E- Va. 0) e t nt l he tndad ar howsne i nc ,but glge e 6 neg i nc i nots fci ntt es a i h a c a m ofdelbe a e i fer nce Se W a ke v. lge e s uf i e o t bls li i r t ndif e . e l r Be a n,293F. 1 1 ( t Ci.2002) W ila v. Le y,55F. 320,324( hCi. nimi 3d 030, 038 7h r ; lims O' ar 3d 7t r 1 ) 995 . He e,heunc r dit d e de s r t onta c e vi nce howst tt def nda sdi notdiply delbe at ha he e nt d s a i r e i fe e et a s rousm e c lne d.The ei no e de et s ndif r nc o e i di a e r s vi nc o ugge tt ta oft s ha ny he de e nt we e a r ofCr ket' ki f nda s r wa e oc ts dney-ea e is swhen Cr ket wasi ta l r lt d s ue oc t niily t a f r e t KM CC . Shor l a t rhi t a f rt t KM CC,l wor w a pe f m e o r ns e r d o ty f e s r ns e o he ab k s r or d n Cr ke t Thos l b r s t c m ebac on M a c 1, l, nd s oc t. e a e uls a k r h 20l a howe t tCr ke tha d ha oc t d a malki y r a ngs Afe bec i a r ofCr ke tsl b r ulson J y 6,20115 bnor dne e di . tr om ng wa e ul , oc t' a es t D ' l s ndr r om m e A es a o ec nded f t t tng a m oniorng ofCr ke ts ki y f to a urher es i nd t i oc t ' dne unc i n, nd D ' e s ndr or r d addii urne a bl t ss Thos t t,peror Al s a o de e tonal i nd ood e t . e ess f med on J y 8, 1 ul 201 , i c t d t tCr ke tski y r di we ei pr ng.Afe r c vi t er uls ndia e ha oc t' dne ea ngs r m ovi tr e ei ng hos es t , D' es a o' r c mende c s ofte t ntwa f rhe t tng and moniorngof Al s ndr s e om d our e r a me s u t r esi t i Cr ke tski y f nc i On Se e be 1 2011 D' es a o e m i Cr ket Afe t oc t' dne u ton. pt m r , , Al s ndr xa ned oc t. t r he e m i tonsD' e s ndr or r d ve y s cii urnet t i a a tm ptt tnd t s ur of xn na i Al s a o de e r pe fc i ess n n te o i he o ce Cr ke ts c pl i s A tt s e tm e D ' l s ndr al o ca l d D r H opki t di c s oc t ' om a nt . he am i , A es a o s le . ns o s us Cr ke tsc eand whehe ornotar nalulr s oc t' as t r e ta ound s d be or r Dr Hopki houl de ed. . ns r om m ende t tno r na ulr ound bepe f m ed untlt r uls f om t trne t t a ec d ha e l tas r or i he es t r he li es s nd r a ki y f nc i l b w or c e ba k. Cr ke ts urne t tng w a c pl t d ove t epe t dne u ton a k am c oc t ' i esi s om e e r he c r eoft t f l hour , r ng o Se e r21 2011 Ki y f ton 1b wor was ou s wen y-otr s begimi n pt mbe , . dne unci a k pe f r e on O c o r 1 2011 a t r s t i c t t tCr ke tski y f ton w a ro m d t be 4, , nd he e uls ndi a ed ha oc t ' dne unc i s wihi nor allm is a c i ng t i pr t n m i t nd ontnui o m ove.Upon r vi w i t e r s t , ' l s a r e e ng hes e uls D A e s nd o 5D ' esand o hassaedunde oah, andCr kethasnotde onsrt d ot ie t tD ' l s ndr wa Al s r tt r t oc t m ta e hem s , ha A es a o s notawa eofCr ke ts1 r ulsuntlCr t' Jul 6,2011,a nt nt durng whih Cr t compl nedt r oc t' ab es t i ockets y ppoi me , i c ocket ai o D ' l s ndr f t fr ttm et thew a e re ng kine pai A es a o or he is i ha s xpe inci d y n. 7 a i r omm e d con i d t si a monio i ofCr ke tski y f nc i Addii nal gan ec nde tnue e tng nd t rng oc t' dne u ton. to 1 b w or waspe f m ed on Cr ke to De m ber29,2011 a t r s t a i i ca e t t a k r or oc t n ce , nd he e uls ga n ndi t d ha Cr ke t ski y f nc i w a contnui t i pr oc t ' dne u ton s i ng o m ove. Theundiput d e de doesnotde o ta ede i r e i fer ncet Cr ke ts s e vi nce m nsr t lbe at ndif e o oc t' m edi a ne ds Ra he ,i s sa c i ng c s oft e t e a s ea l i pr vi l b c l e . t r t how ontnui our e r a m nt nd t diy m o ng a r uls ha dl s g os l i om pe e , na qua e ore s i ast s es t r y o r sy nc t nt i de t , xce sve o hockt c ce ort he ons ince o be i ol a et f m e a f m es M iii r 896 F. a 851 W hie i i f ryclart t nt er bl o undn nt l ai s. lte , 2d t . l t s ail e ha Cr c t diag e wih t me c sa fsdi nossa r comm e d c s ofte t e , o ke t s r es t he di al t f ' ag i nd e nde our e r am nt s h diag ee e sdo noti i t t Ei h Ame e . W raht 766 F.2d a 8 Ha rs uc s r m nt mplcae he ght ndm nt6 i , t 49; ri , 761F.Su a 41 pp. t 4. 1 11. F rtera o ssae ,hec u t rn st d fn a t ' to sf rsu r u g n . o h e s n ttd t o r g a t he ee d ns mo in o tnmayj d me t ENT ER : Se e be 6,201 pt m r 2. .... .7 . UN I TED STA TES DI STR I J GE CT UD 6To t ex e Cr keti e t aser t tt defndansvi aed hi c tt i rgh sby s ti he t nt oc t ntnds o s t ha he e t olt s onsiutonal i t huflng hi g iva s re ncesfom ofke t ofie wih no per ne r s uton t t m,hi cl m f l. I i wel s tld t ta r t o fc t ma nt e ol i o he s ai ais t s l e te ha pio e h sn rg tt p rii t i teg iv n epo e ue Ad msv.Rie 40F.d 7 ,7 (t Ci.1 9 . rs n r a o ih o atcpae n h re a c rc d r. a c, 3 2 5 4h r 9 4) Acc di y,a s fi ofCr ke tsgre nc ,whehe i e ina ornot wasnotac tttonalvi ai or ngl ny huflng oc t' iva es t r ntnto l , onsiui olton. Tot e e Cr t s ekst r ove f t pai healege y s fr d begi ngi lt Jme,201l t he xtnt ocket e o ec r or he n l dl ufe e nni n ae l , he co ttndst tCr ket hasnotdemonsr t t tt defnda sa t d wih dei r t i feenc The Ei t ur i ha oc t taed ha he e nt c e t lbe ae ndif r e. ghh Am e e doe notr uie ç ion docor t ke p a i ae pai fee i t aAem ah of pr r m e c ndm nt s eq r t s pr t s o e n nm t n-r n he r t ope dial teament' Sni ,95 F. a 592;Lewi,201lU . Dit LEX I 1 r t . ' nes 3d t s S. s. S 20177,at* Sm ih,20l1U . Dit LEX I 8; t S. s. S 288 a *30;Bowm a 201 U . Dit LEXI 1 99, t n, 0 S. s. S 00932,a * t 21. Atmos,Cr t' aleg i c r ng t t ocke ts l atons onceni he defnda s'f iur t pr dehi w ih pai m edi tondurngt stme a ountt acli ofneglge e,whih i e nt al e o ovi m t n cai i hi i m o am i nc c s notaci bl unde t Ei h Am e e . Andt t e e Cr ketc pli t tt Tyl pr s rbed atr tona e r he ght ndm nt o he xtnt oc t om ans ha he enol e c i fe Se e r 1 2011,wasi ufi i tt handl hi pan,t c tfndst tt salga i a ptmbe , ns tcen o e s i he our i ha hi le ton mount t not ngmor s o hi e t n a doco - i tdiagr m en ove a r om m e d cou s ofte t e ,whih i alono aci bl unde t ha trpaten s ee t r ec nde r e r am nt c s s t tona e r he Ei hAm endment ght . 8