-RSB Sheppard v. Clark, No. 7:2011cv00540 - Document 27 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 09/24/2012. (kab)
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CLERK' OF7t r I. DI COURT S t7 .P ST. 7. J . ?. :. ! . r v. # &.. . ' . ' ..l Na h 6 / z . - i. . $ . 4 . .' . , ) v a . ! ,. . I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STM CT COURT FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI I I CT RG N A R OAN OK E D I I ON V SI e. . IL 12 ! . J. . $. 1 tu8 . . 0z g ', :YD u. . . LLOY D W A Y NE SH EPPARD , Pe ii , ttoner Ci lA c i n N o. 11 c 00540 vi to 7: - v- M EM OM N DU M OPI I N ON HA RO LD W . CLA RK , By: Hon. e E.Conr Gln ad Chi fUnied St t Diti tJ e t aes src udge Re ponde . s nt 1. Ll W a Sheppa d,aVig ni i t pr e ng pr s ,fl d t spe ii f awrt oyd yne r r i a nma e oc edi o e e hi tton or i o h be sc r us p ru n t 2 U. C. 2 4, h l ngngt ev l iyo h sc n i me tf ra f a a o p , u s a t o 8 S. j 25 c al i h ai t f i o fne n o e d Fe u r 2,2009 c c i n i t Cic tCour ofM ont m e y Count f a a t d br a y onvito n he r ui t go r y or ggr va e m a i i usw oundi lc o ng. The r s e ponde ' m o i i rpe f rdi poston. 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She r m a an Alo d pl ofg ly i Cic tCour ofM ont e y Count t o ppa d de f r ea uit n r ui t gom r y o ne c t o a g a tdmaiiuswo n ig se ngfo c n u t a sn p r n n ij re t omt f g rvae lco u dn , tmmi r m o d c c u ig ema e t nu is o hi i a s A spa tofhi pl a ag ee e ,t Co m onw e lh m oved t nole pr e a s nf nt on. r s e r m nt he m at o l os qui r lt d c geoff ony c l a ea ne e .The t i lc ts nt nc She r t a t r of ea e har el hid bus nd glct ra our e e ed ppa d o e m i i o e o 3 yea s wih 15yea ss pe d. mprs nm nt f 0 r , t r us nde Sheppa d a r ppea ed hi c c i t t Cotr ofA ppe l ofV i gi a,whi h i s d a l s onvi ton o he t t as r ni c s ue n or rde nghi a lonNove r1 2009.( c dNo.11 09- ) She r t ntl de nyi s ppea mbe 8, Re or 88- 3. ppad he ied '1 r* x ' ' ww 1. . ; . ape ii f a ali t Supr m eCour ofVigi a,whi h wa de e on J y 26,201 tton or ppe n he e t r ni c s nid ul 0. ( c r No. 9 4 8. 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Co elf l t pr ry pere t hi a a ,whih wa dim is d due t uns aied o ope l f c s ppe l c s s se o i f c i as i t e. nef e tve ss anc l a or is J nua y 18 2011 t saeha a c t e She r speii f n n der s ued a r , , he tt be s our denid ppa d' tton or r l f ( c r No CL1 0 78 0 0 ) S e p r t na p ae t t eS p e Co r o ei . Re o d . 0 0 6 - 0. h p ad he p e ld o h u rme u t f e Vigi a, c is a or rda e Se e r8, 1, s isng She r st r r ni whih s ued n de t d pt mbe 201 dim s i ppa d' hid a sg me t ferrf rfiu et c mpywihRul 51 ( )1 (i , e urngt ep tto e t ls sin n o ro o alr o o l t e :7c ()i) r q ii h eiin r o it i t s cik e r r i t l e c tt ti be ng c lenge The Co tr f ed t r m a nderof he pe t r o n he ow r our ha s i ha l d. ur e us he e i S e pad' peiinf ra pe l ( c r No 1 0 0 . h p r s t o o p a. Re o d . 1 3 0) t OnNo e r1 , 01 , e p r fldatmey j2 5 p tto i t sc u t ( c e v mbe 6 2 1 Sh p ad ie i l 2 4 eiin n hi o r. Do k t No.1) She r ltrmo df l vet tl a a nd peiin,a lavebengg a e . ppad ae ve or ea o ie n me ed tto nd,e i r ntd, 2 fld hi n e ie s m nded peii n.Hec le tto hal ngeshi c s onûne ntont f l ng gr me he olowi ounds , pa a as d fom t ame d pe ii n: r phr e r he nde tto 1 A.Pe ii ne was de i d of hi rg t t efe tve as itnce of c tto r prve s iht o he f c i ssa ouns l e durng t pla pr es due t c ms ls t lf l a wa on a t of i he e oc s o ot e ' t l' nd wi u nt cs pr e s ona m i c of s i l s onduc ' w hi h pr ve t d She r f o t' c e ne ppa d r m m a ng a ki n i elge a knowi pl Spe ii aly,c ms lwasi f c i durng t nt li nt nd ng ea. c fc l ot e nefe tve i he S nvesi tve -ra Pr pr ai St ' pro t ti l a a tr t die t ç l tga i / il e ton age' i r o ra nd fe he r c r i cm e wasr t ne by f ii t as itSheppa d i hi de e e and de l p ndit nt eur d alng o ss r n s f ns ve o a de e e sr t y s fc e t t r i e a r as bl doubt of pe ii r s guit f ns ta eg uf i i n o a s e ona e ttone ' l bas d o f c s kno t c ms l a t tm e;a t t co elknowi y and e n at wn o ot e t he i nd ha uns ngl i e i ly i uc d She r t e e a Alor pl bas d on an nt ntona l nd e ppa d o nt r n f d ea e i nnisbl pr ie of a lni nt prs s n e mpe s i e om s e e ion e t nce of fve yea s a i r nd m i r pr s nt to of t w e gh of t Co m onw e t s e de s e e e a i ns he i t he m alh' vi nce w ihou t t conduci as fc e a r as bl i tgai oft f t. tng ufii nt nd e ona e nvesi ton he acs B. Couns lwas i f ec i f coe c ng She e ne f tve or r i ppar i o e erng a A lor pl a by d nt nt i n f d e a sng hi he w o d onl r c ve a fve ye r s nt nce w he i f c She r dvi i m ul y e ei i a e e n n a t ppa d wass nt nc t ffe n yea s e e ed o ite r. C.Couns wa i fe tve f f ii t c el s ne f c i or alng o onduc a ade t i si ton a t n qua e nve tgai nd pr pa e f rt i ,whi h nega i l a f c ed t out om e oft ca e e r o ral c tve y f e t he c he s . D.Co e f l t i si a e t a e e ofm e ca e de e a m ii atng uns l aied o nve tg t he bs nc di l vi nc nd tg i e de e,a f l t s e m e c c ula i f t de e e or i tgae vi nc nd aied o e k dial ons tton or he f ns nvesi t c ii lCom m onw e t e de e. rtca alh vi nc E. Co m s l w as i f e tve f f ii t f l V igi a Supr m e Cour Rul t e ne f c i or a lng o olow r ni e t e 5 20() whih fr e She r t tl ascondpeii i t Cour ofAppeas A: c , c o c d ppad o ie e tton n he t l f Vigni or r i a. F.Couns lwasi fe tve f r f ii t fl a m o i f r onsde a i wih a e ne f c i o alng o ie ton or ec i r ton t t ej g p ne o t Co t fAp aso Vign a ke - e a l f he m o pe l f r ii . ud G.Cot e wa i f tve f f ii t c ms l s nefec i or a lng o ompl wih Vigi a Supr m e Cour y t r ni e t Rul 5:7()whe flnghi peii whihc us t Cour t rf s She r s e 1 c n ii s tton, c a ed he to e u e ppa d' pe ii f a a . tton or ppe l 11 eac ofhi pe ii , bot a t sae l la i fde alc qShe r numbe sandor nieshi cl msf s ttons h t he tt eve nd n e r our n h ppa d r ga z s ai or r le difr nty. I hi a ndedpettonbeor t scou t She r satsonl o gr eif fe e l n s me ii f e hi r, ppad t e y ne ound f r i ,lbel cl m or elef a ed ai A .Howeve , r unde as c i oft pe ii lbee çf eFa ty'She d sat a tonalbas f hi al tons r e ton he tton a ld t' cs' ppar t es ddii -h es or s legai ofi fe i a ssa eofc el I ism otont dim is Res ne fctve s itnc ouns . n t i o s s , ponden ha i l d t s a tona alegains t s ncude he e ddii l l to a haslbel She r scl m sA- .Thec tfndst tt r s nd a ed ppad' ai H our i ha he e ponde ' a oa h,i a tm esduplc tve bes nts ppr c f t i iai , t addr s a1 oft alegainsShe r ha m a t oughoutt ha spr s andado sisf m a i dic sng eses l he l to ppa d s de hr he bea oce s pt t or t n s us i She r scl m s. ppa d' ai 3 H. Co ms wa i f ci f dic sng She r s ca e wih t t el s nefe tve or s us i ppa d' s t he Commonwe t Ato ne a f no ke pi She r i onned a a1h t r y nd or t e ng ppa d nf bout hi s meei a f m a ng de sons r ar ng a pla ba gai wihouta ki t tngs nd or ki cii eg di e r n t s ng he pe ii rfr t ttone i s . ( ke No. 1. Doc t 21- ) On Fe t r 23, 2,her s brz y 201 t e ponde fld ism otont dimi st a nde peii n, a nt ie t i o s s he me d tto a g ng t cli sF a H we epr e za l de a td bec us She d f ie t r s t r ui hat am nd r oc dtr ly f ule a e ppar a ld o aie he camsi saec u tet e o dr c a p a o i teha e sp o e dng .( c e No 23a 5 li n tt o r, ih r n ie t p e l r n h b a r c e i s Do k t . t 6) Th r s o d n c nc d st tt s bsa eo tecamsn w lb ldA- a G, lh u h . e e p n e t o e e ha he u tnc f h li o a ee E nd ato g gr pe a l beld dif r nty a t tme, r pr l e use butar ue t tt cli s ou d nd a e f e e l t he i we e opery xha t d, g s ha he am aewih u mei.( D On Mac 9 2 2 S e padr s nd dt t rs o d n ' mo int z t o t rt J # r h , 01 , h p r epo e o he e p n e ts to o d s s .( c e No 2 . imis Do k t . 5) II. A. Exhaus i and ProceduralD ef t t on aul ç( fdea c t ynotgan awrtofha a c pust apeii ri saec t $A) e rl our ma r t i be s or o ttone n tt usody unl st pe ii rhasfrte use hi saer me e by pr s n i hi cai st t hi t es he ttone is xha t d s t t e di s e e tng s l m o he ghes saec u t'Ba e v. r o a , 2 F. d2 6 2 8(t Ci. 0 0 .l o d rt me tte tt o r. k r Co c rn 2 0 3 7 , 8 4 h r 2 0 ) n r e o e h ' e h u to rq rme ti j2 4 1 apeiin rS s h v p e e tdt tesaec u t$0h x a sin e uie n n 25 (9, t o e t t a e r s ne o h tt o r b t t mu t o r tve f c s a t co r lng l alprnci es '' K a iv. nge o ,300 F.3d 487,501 he pe a i a t nd he nt oli eg i pl .' s A l ne - 02( h Ci. 4t r 2002)( i M at wsv. t,1 F.3 907, 1( hCi.1 9.W he a quotng the Evat 05 d 91 4t r 9971 n pe ii rf l t e us s a e c tr m e e a t oul now be ba r d f om doi s unde a ttone ais o xha t t t our e di s nd û d w re r ng o r n i pe nta a qua e sa el w g o nde nde nd de t tt a r und, sf r lver i oft habe cli i ba r d hi ede a son he as am s re fo rv e o t emeis a s n as o n o c us a da t l rj dc , ras o n o a r m e iw n h rt, b e t h wig f a e n cua p eu ie o h wig f mic rageof usie. Br c nrdaev. r dae 201 W L 278 sari j tc ' e ke i ' Baks l, 2 9739,* ( . Va. ul 9, 2 W D. J y 201 (ii Te uev.La ,489U. 288,298( 989) Baset v. 2) ctng aa ne S. 1 ; s te Thomps 91 F. 932, on, 5 2d 4 9 - 7( t Ci.1 9 :.Ho v r ça cam t th sn t e np e e tdt t hih s sae 353 4h r 9 0 we e,t l li ha a o b e rs ne o he g e t tt l co tne r he e sm a be t e t d a e used i i i c ea t tt cl i w o d be pr dur ly ur ve t l s y r a e s xha t f t s l r ha he a m ul oce a l ba r d unde sae1 w i t pe ii ne a tmpt dt pr e i t t sa eco t' Ba r 220 F. re r tt a f he tto r te e o es nt t o he tt ur. ke , ' 3d a 288. t Cli F a H we eno pr vi l r ie i a f r i e t rofShe r ss e a ms nd r t e ousy as d n ny o m n ihe ppa d' ut ha spe ii bea ttons. Thus She r hasf ie t e us t s c a m s a t y c nno be , ppa d a l d o xha t he e l i nd he n t c i r d m pa tofhi f de alha speii Addii nal i i cla t ti She r we et onsde e s r s e r bea tton. to ly,t s e . ha f ppa d r o r r s t e ca msnow i ane sa eha a peii r vi w woul bepr ed zal ba r d by aie hes li n w tt be s tton, e e d oc tr ly re Vign asr l a ans s c e sv p tto s S eVa Co eAn j80165 ( () Th Fo rh r ii ' ue g i t u c s ie eiin . e . d n. . - 4 B)2 . e u t Cic tha r cog z d Vig ni sba on s ce svepe ii nsasa a qua ea i pe en r ui s e nie r i a' r uc s i tto n de t nd nde nd t sae1w p e l dn fd rl b a rv e S ePo v Neh ra d 1 3F. d 1 6 ,1 7 (t tt a rcu ig e e a ha e s e iw. e pe . t eln , 1 3 3 4 3 2 4h Ci. 9 6 ;seas S ro v. r co , 3 F. p 2 5 4, 8 - 8( D. . 0 )(i dn j r 1 9 ) e lo par w Die tr 4 9 Su p. d 8 5 7 8 E. Va 20 6 fn ig 8016 4( ()a (nd p n e ta da e u t saego n 'barn rviw o camsfrt as d . - 5 B)2 n ç e e d n n d q ae tt r u d' rig e e f li is r ie i i af r ha speii .Thec ti tuspr biedfom g a i j2254rle unl s n edeal bea tton) our s h ohi t r r ntng eif es S p adh ss o c us f rh sd futa dr s lngp eu ie o h w t er f a t rviw he p r a h wn a e o i e a l n e ut rj dc , r o h eus lo e e i t camswo l r s l i amic ni g o j tc .S eTe g , 8 U. a 2 8 9 he li ud e ut n sa a e f usie e a ue 4 9 S. t 9 - 9. She r f ist de onsr t ca e f rhi pr e za de a t i pe ii n alege no ppa d a l o m ta e us o s oc dtr l f ul.H s tt o l s r a on why hef ie t r iecli sF a H i hi sa epe ii .NordoesShe r s es a ld o as am nd n s tt ttons ppa d how a mic rig of u tc r s ligfo d nil fh sd futdcams Th mic ni g o j sie sara e j sie e utn r m e a o i e a l li . e sa a e f u tc e e pto i a e r m el hi h sanda d t m e t a t U nie St t s Supr m e Cour ha xce i n s n xt e y g t r o e , nd he t d a e e t s a s t tçoe tr t tt f me almic ni eof usi e ptonwoul rmai tae' dvied ha l nsle ha he undn nt s a ag j tce xce i t d e n rr a woul o ybea i i t çxta di r caelq ...(he Cour e iil te t nd d nl ppled n he e r or nay s ,' t l t xplcty id he gx e to lt t ep tto e ' in c n e' S h u v. l, 3U. 2 , 21( 9 )(iig e c p in o h eiin rs n o e c . c l p Deo 51 S. 98 3 1 95 ct ' n 5 Ku mn n v W is n, 7U. 4 6( 9 6 ; ra v. rir 4 7U. 4 8( 9 6 ) S e p r s hl n . lo 47 S. 3 1 8 ) Mu ry Care , 7 S. 7 1 8 ). h p a d' pe ii n ma no s h s tto kes uc howi Ac or ngl t co tgr nt t r s ng. c di y, he ur a s he e ponde ' moton t nts i o dim iswih r s c t c am sl be e F and H on t g o mdt y a epr edur ly ba r d fom s s t e pe t o l i a l d he r t he r oc al re r f de a habe r vi w on t m e is e rl as e e he rt . B. Exhaus e Cl m s t d ai Un e 28U. C. 2 5 ( tefd rl h i c t'mu tgv d fr n et saec u t dr S. j 2 4 *,h e ea hi ç s out s ie eee c o tt o r r i on t m e isoft pe ii rsf de a c am s Thef de a c t a gr ntha asr le ulngs he rt he ttone ' e r l l i . e r l our m y a be ei f o yi t saec u tsa j dc to l sc nrr t o ivov da t e s n b ea piain nl f he tt o r' du iai n ç o tay o, r n le n mr a o a l p lc to wa of cea l esa ihedFede a La a de e mi byt Supr m eCour oft Unie Stt y' , l ry t bls r l w, s t r ned he e t he td aes' o G a ba e on a t r s bl de e m i ton oft f t i lghtoft e de e pr s nt i r û s sd w n m ea ona e t r na i he ac s n i he vi nc e e ed n teS aec u t r c e i . 2 U. C j2 4 *; e as W il msv Ta l r 5 9U. 3 2 h tt o r p o e dng' 8 S. 25 4 s e lo li ' n . y o , 2 S. 6 , 4 3 1 ( 0 0 .çno h rwo d , a a rle i a t o ie o ywhe tesaec u t h v 0 - 3 2 0 ) % t e r s h be s eif s u h rz d nl l n h tt o rs a e de de t quesi by i e pr tng ora yi t r l va pr c en i amn rt t ci d he ton nt r e i ppl ng he e e nt e ed t n nne ha r ao a l j rsswo da1 g e i t e s n b e' W rg tv. g ln ,1 F. d 1 1 1 6( t e s n be u it ul 1 a re s mra o a l . ih An eo e 51 3 5 , 5 4h ' Ci.1 .Ther ponde tc dest tShe pad' cai lbee heenasA- andG ha r 998) es n once ha p r s l ms a ld ri E ve bee pr ry e use i t sae c t,buta g t tt a ewihoutm e i be a e n ope l xha t d n he t t ours r ues ha hey r t rt c us She r f ist a lge s fce f c st s ppa d a l o le ufi int a t o uppor a ofhi ca msf i f c i as itnc of t ny s li or nefe tve ssa e c ouns l e. To s a e a cons iutonalc a m f r i f e tve a s sanc a def nda m us m e tbot pa t tt tt i l i o ne f c i s i t e, e nt t e h rs o at p o gts.S rc ln v. ahigo , 6 U. 6 , 6( 9 4 .A p io e atc ig f wo-r n et tika d W s n tn 4 6 S. 68 68 1 8 ) rs n r ta kn hi c ci ors e unde Stikl mus s w ( )tha co elspef ma ewa s onviton entnce r rc and t ho 1 t t uns ' ror nc s t d fce t' n ( )th thed fce tp ro ma c p eu ie t ed fn e' L.a 6 7.Th eiin , a d 2 s a t eiin ef r n e rj dc d h ee s . d t 8 ' t ' a e def nda m us ove com e ç s r pr um pton' t tc e nt t r ç tong es a i ' ha ouns ' pe f m a e w a r as bl els r or nc s e ona y 6 c mp tn , n wil n ya j dg c u s lspef r nc d fce twh nSnlg to alh o ee ta d lo l du e o n e' ro ma e eiin e t ih f l te i cic sa es t i ii d a t orom isonswe eout i t wi r nge ofpr es i l r um t nc , he dentfe c s si r sde he de a of sonaly com pe e a s s a e. I a 689- I t e tt spr um pton hasbe o r om e r le t nt s i t nc ' d. t ' 90. n he ven hi es i en ve c , e i f r mai t va lbl t es t de e e ns ma ia e ml s he f ndan c n de t a monsr t aû e s bl pr biiy't t butf ta e i a ona e oba lt ' ha , r or c e' er s t ouc oft c s woul ha be ndif e .J.a 694- An ouns ls ror,he tome he a e d ve e fernt J. t 95. s ie fciea ssa c o c u s l li ma b rj ce o et e Src ln p o g I . t6 7 n fe tv sitn e f o n e cam y e ee td n i r tik a d r n . d a 9 . h Cl m sA a B se fom c ai nd t m r ouns lsa l ed i fe i pe f m a ei i e ' leg ne f ctve ror nc n nduci a ng nd c cng She r i oentrng a Alor pl by pr snga s nt nceofat r of oer i ppa d nt e i n f d ea omii e e em i prs m ionmen ofonl fveye r , f rf ii t c t y i a s and o alng o onduc apr ri pe t ope nde ndenti si ton of nve tga i t f c sa pr pa i adef ns f ti l2 T he s a eha asc tc i r d t e cai a he a t nd e rng e e or ra . t t be our onsde e hes l ms nd a j d e t a S e padh df i dt s tsyet e p o go S rc ln Qu tn e tn i ey du g d h t h p r a al o aif ih r r n f tika d. o ig x e sv l e fo She r spl c l rm ppa d' ea oloquy,t saehabe c tf he tt as our ound t t ha : She r saed, unde oah, t t no o ha m a hi a pr s or ppa d t t r t ha ne d de m ny omies t eae d t i e hi g ly pla. She r f t r c im e he unde sood hr t ne o nduc s uit e ppa d urhe onfr d rt t ma mum s nt nc f r a a t d ma ii uswot ng wa twe y t lf '; he xi e e e o ggr va e lc o mdi s t nt o ie' t t t he ha dic s d wih hi a tr wha s nt ncng gui lne we e,but ha d s us e t s to ney t e e i dei s r t r t t t t Cour was no r quie t f l t m ;t t t r wa no mde sood ha he t t e r d o olow he ha he e s ag e m e r ga di t s nt nc a t the wasçla ng i up t t c tt r e nt e r ng he e e e nd ha te vi t o he our o de e m i t a opra e puni hm e . I e he r t r t he t r t t t r ne he ppr i t s nt' nde d, eie a ed ' mde s ood he Cour c d s nt nc hi û t lf i prs ' t oul e e e m l o ie n ion.' up ( c r No CL1 0 78 0 0 a 5 6) Re o d . 0 0 6 - 0 t - . Gi n t e cl ri c tons ofvol a i s , he s a e ha as c tf ve hes ea ndi a i unt r ne s t t t be our ound t t ha Sheppa d' peii con r dit d hi pror s . sa e nt ,a de i d t c e nc hi r s tton ta c e s i , wol tt me s nd clne o ount na e s n camsi t a e ofacompeli r s n.J-( tngAnde s v. ade 222Va. 1 51 li n he bsnce lng ea o #.cii ron W r n, 51 , 6 ( 981) TheCottas dee ne t tShe r co dno s how co elsalege er 1 ). tr lo tnni d ha ppa d ul t how uns ' l d ror prj c t outomeofhi c e.TheCour notdt Commonwe lh' sr c s a i t eudied he c s as t e he at s tong a e gans 2Thecl m t tco elcond td a i deq ei tgai i pr paai ofti i addr s i cam C, whi h ai ha uns uce n na uat nvesi ton n e rton ral s esed n li c alege t s m e is l s he a s ue. 7 She d a t lkelhood t ti heha pr ee d t til hec dha bee s nt nc d t a ppar nd he i i ha f d oc de o ra , oul ve n e e e o n eve l e pei ofconine nti ldi t pt i lt ofalf t m.1 at6CTheCour n eng r red me ,ncu ng he usbiiy ie er d. t c e t c ms lspr es i r as bl as e s e ,bas d upon t e de e a hi e e i r dis ot e ' of sonal e ona e s s m nt e he vi nc nd s xt nsve til x ein e t a t r wa av r srngl eio daj r c n it(ilS e p r a d ra e p re c ,h thee s e y to i l o u y o vc sc h p a d n k h rc mme daln typ io s n e c . e o n e gh rs n e tn e' ). The e de e m i tonsby t s a e ha asc twer ne t rco r r t nora s t r na i he t t be our e ihe nt a y o, n unr s bl a i a i of f de a l w.A de enda ' saeme sdtrng apl ahe i a e ea ona e pplc ton , e r l a f nts t t nt ti e arng r p eu dt b t e Blc e z v. ls n 4 U.. 3 7 -4 ( 9 7 , n ma o yb f t r s me o e nz, a kld e Alio , 31 S 6 , 3 7 1 7 ) a d y nl e omd i ld whe t y a et r s toft e t orm ir pr s nttonsa nvai n he r he e ul hr a s se e e ai boutt na ur oft he t e he c e nce .SeeBrdvv. tdStts 397U. 742,755( 970 .t uppore algai ons que s a Unie ae , S. 1 ) d uns td le tons on a ppea a ei ufi e t ove co er pr s t tonsma d i t guit plahea i ' l r ns tcint o r m e e en a i de urng he ly e rng. ' Sc ifri So t Ca oia 2 7F. p'. 4 , 5 (t Ci. 0 7 ( ingVi v hfe lv. uh z l , 2 Ap x 2 8 2 0 4 h r 2 0 ) ct n i a. Su eitn e t P wh tnCo rcin l r, 4 F. d 1 7 1 (t Ci. 9 1 S e pad p rn e d n . o aa re to a Ct.6 3 2 6 , 71 4 h r 1 8 :. h p r cli shi c am s ouns lpr ie hi hewoul bes ntnc d t tveye si hepl d guit Hi e om s d m d e e e oi ar f e ly. s sae e sa t plahe rngcl ry c r ditt scli ,a hehasofe e no a to l t tm nt t he e a i ea l onta c hi am nd fr d ddii na s uppor f rw hy t c ts d i e hi pr vi us s n s a e e s A sa r s t t c t to he our houl gnor s e o , wor t t m nt . e ul, he our fndst tt saeha asc tsdec son wasnet rc r r t nora unr a ona e i ha he tt be our' ii ihe onta y o, n e s bl a ia i of t Stikl nd t tf i feci e a ssa e ofcouns . pplc ton , he rc a es or ne f tv s it nc el She r aleg i c am C t tc ppa d l es n l i ha ouns lwa c tt i l i f c i by f lngt e s onsiutonaly nefe tve aii o c onduc a a qua e i s i a i and pr l pr pa e f t i . Si ia l i c a m D he a l ge t n de t nve t g ton opery e r or ral m l ry, n l i le s t tco m s f ie t pr ry i s i t t a e e ofm e ca e de a m ii tng ha t el a l d o ope l nve tga e he bs nc di l vi nce nd tga i e de e i hi ca e. H e alege t tco e lm ie hi r vi t t f t a e de as vi nc n s s l s ha uns l i t d s e ew o he ac s nd vi nce de e m i d by t Comm onwe lh' i si ton.The saeha asc ta es e t s t r ne he at s nve tga i t t be our ddr s d he e 8 cli a de e ned t tShe r ha f iedt s w how c a ms nd t nui ha ppa d d al o ho ouns lspr pa a i f rti e ' e r ton o ral vi a e t Stiklnd t tf i feci a ssa e.TheCour f olt d he rc a es or ne f tve s it nc t ound t cli sdie ty he am r c l r u e by c m s ' t tm ony i an a fda ts it t t co t a hel ef t d ot els esi n f i vi ubm ted o he ur , nd d: The Cour fnds c t i ouns ha a c el d omm e bl gr s of t e de e a t nda e a p he vi nc nd he pa tc a a ea of c ri ul r r s once n,i l ng She r s dr g us on t da t c l r nc udi ppa d' u e he y he hid wa ijle Th Co r frh r fn s c u e c n utd wih a id pe d n s n t d. e u t u te id o ns l o s l r e t n n e n et me ia e p r who a re te c i s ij re wee c nsse twih S k n dc l x eq g e d h hl n u is r o itn t ha e d' Ba Syndr by ome a i nd nconsse wih She r se a ton. it nt t ppa d' xplna i The Cour f t r fnds She r ha f ie t pr f rwha addii le de e t urhe i ppa d s a ld o ofe t tona vi nc or i or ai n he c e nf m to ont nds a t quae' i tga i or pr pa ai n woul n t ade t ' nvesi ton e r to d ha yil d or wha ça i ' e de ve e de t ilbi' vi nce wa c s onceva y a ia e i lght of i bl val bl n i Sh p ad' c n e so ta hss nwa ij r dwh l i hi c r . e p r s o c s in h t i o s nu e ie n s ae ( c r No. . 0 0 8 0 0 a 7 8) Re o d C11 0 7 6 - 0 t - . The sae ha scour t r viwe c t t bea t hus e e d ouns lsi tga i i o She r sca e e ' nvesi ton nt ppa d' s a f undt tc nd o ha ouns lwa a r oft i or ai n mos r l ntt how t ca e woul e s wa e he nf m to t eeva o he s d pr e i i we t ti l I TheCour f oce d f t nt o ra . d. t ound t tt r wa s g t an medi l ha he e s i nik t ca e de ei t ca e i udi a i pe vi nc n he s , ncl ng n nde nden doc o who c ime t Sha n Ba t tr onfr d he ke by di noss. l Cot s lal o pr s nt m ii tng e de e a s t nci i t f m of ag i d. m e s e e ed tga i vi nc t en e ng, n he or wines t tmony a ot rwrte e de e.Fi ng no e de eofa de i e on t t s esi nd he itn vi nc ndi vi nc fcincy he pa tofc ms l t Cour f rhe de e mi d t tShe r ha f ie t s r ot e, he t u t r t r ne ha ppa d d a ld o how how he wa p eu ie b c u e ' p ro s rj d c d y o ns ls ef nnmwe eCo r n tdt a S e padfie t .Th u t oe h t h p r ald o de onsr t wha f vor eevi ncewo d ha bee unc r by agr tr m tae t a abl de ul ve n ove ed eae ivetg to o tep r o c u s l Se Ba s tev. o o , 5F. d9 2 9 (t n siain n h a t f o n e . e set Th mps n 91 2 3 , 41 4h Ci.1 c r.de ed,( bea peii r mus algeç ta ade t i si ton r 990) e t ni ha s ttones t le i wha n quae nvetgai woul ha rveaed' . d ve e l ' ) Thesa eha a c t husconsde e bot Sti kl pr ngs a She r has t t be s our t i r d h rc and o , nd ppa d f l t s aied o how how t Cour ' a i a i oft 1 w w a unr s na e çf e pi a he ts pplc ton he a s ea o bl . s ' vot l -h 9 q e to (nfd rl be srv e i wh t e t saec u tsa p iaino t u sin o e e a ha a e iw) s eh r he tt o r' p lc to f he St i kl nd s a z w asunr s na e. Thi i dif r ntf o a ki w he he de e e rc a t nda d ea o bl s s f e e r m s ng t r f ns c ouns lspe f m a e f l beow Sti a ssa r ' ri t v. c e ,1 S. e ' ror nc e l l rcklnd' t nda d. 'Ha rnc on Ri htr 31 Ct7 0 78 ( 01 ) Ba e o t ef r g i g tec u ti d ta camsC a dD mus b . 7 , 5 2 1 . sd n h o e o n ,h o r fn s h t li n te de e ni d. Lasl i cli sE a G,She r aleg t tcot elwa i feci i f lng ty, n am nd ppa d l es ha ms s ne f tve n aii t pr pe l pe f thi die ta ali ac or nc wih t Rul oft Vigi aSupr me o o ry rec s r c ppe n c da e t he es he r ni e Cour, e uli i dimi s l Thi c am a s mus f i f t smpl r s t tbo h t tr s tng n s s a . s l i lo t a l or he i e ea on ha t he Vigi aCo tofAppea sa t Su e Cou tofVigi a c i r She d' c s r ni ur l nd he pr me r r ni onsde ed ppar s a e on t m e is TheCour ofAppe l i s d ape czi opi o dimisng t c e he rt . t a s s ue r lrnm ni n s s i he as , ( c r No 1 8 - 9 3 , n t eS p e Co r is e a o d rd n i gt epeiinf r Re o d . 1 8 0 - ) a d h u r me u tsu d n r e e y n h t o o t a ald trrviw oft r c d ... c i rtonoft agume gl' ( c d ppe t e e e af he e or and onsdeai he r nts. Re or ' No 0 2 8 . Th saeh be sc u tsd cso n tdt i i s yngt t o hVigna . 9 4 8) e tt a a o r' e iin oe h s n a i ha b t r ii a lt coursç onsde e t c eon t me is' pr ed la dim is wa s f e ppelae t t i r d he as c he rt , no oc tr l s s al s ufer d i et rc t'( codNo. - 1 n ihe our. Re r ' C1. 000786 00a 9. Ha ngfie t s t 0- t ) vi ald o how he e se ofa acualde i inc i co e ' pero ma e i pe f tng She r s xit nce n t fce y n uns ls f r nc n reci ppa d' a a , he sa eha asc tc r c l dim is d t scai unde Stikl nd. ppe l t tt be our ore ty s s e hi l m r rc a 111. Afe r vi w ofShe r speii n,hec t ncudest tt r s tr e e ppa d' tto t our co l ha he e ponde ' nts moton t dim ism us begr nt be us t oft pe ii rscai sa epr e aly i o s s t a ed ca e wo he ttone ' l m r oc dur l bard,a e hoft r mai ngcli i meils underj22544 Anappr it re nd ac he e ni ams s rte s *. oprae o de w ile e t s da r r l nt r hi y. 1 0 Pe ii ttoneri a s d t the ma a a t sde ii pur ua t Rul s3and 4 oft s dvie ha y ppe l hi c son, s nt o e he Fe r lRul sofAppe lt Pr ed le i ace tfc t ofa de a e la e oc tr , f rii a e ppeaa lt i is d fom t scour or lbiiy s s ue r hi t aj d eo teUn td Sae Co r of p asf r h F u t Cic i.28U. C. 2 5 /) A u g f h ie tts u t Ap e l o t e o rh ru t S. j 2 3 . ce tfc t ofa aa lt m a is onl i t pe ii ha m a as t nta s rii a e ppe lbiiy y s ue y f he ttoner s de ubsa i l howi oft ng he deni ofac tt i lrght 28U. C.j2253c( ) Fi ngt tShe r ha fie t al onsiutona i . S. ()1 . ndi ha ppad s ald o de onsr t (a s t nta s i oft de a ofa c tt i na r g , t c t lne t m ta e t ubs a i l how ng he ni l ons iuto l i ht' he our dec i s o ' is ac rii a eofa s ue e ttc t ppeaa lt lbiiy. TheClr i diecedt s nd c e oft sm e a z opi on a a ompa ng e k s r t o e opi s hi mor ndlm ni nd cc nyi or rt pe ii rand t com s ofr c d f t r s nde t de o ttone o l el e or or he e po n . EN TER: T i $*J dyo S pe e, 0 2 hs 4 a f etmbr2 1. , . . . e . . ( a . ot,..y - .. - / . u t. gu. c..f <. ( . ,. . ChifUnie St t Diti tJ e td aes src udge 11