Villar v. United States Of America et al, No. 7:2011cv00538 - Document 23 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 11/2/2012. (tvt)
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CL ERK' OFFI U. DI .COURT S CE S. ST AT M NVI E. LL VA Fl D Nk- 21ro 0 2 9ly 2 y j I T H E U N I ED STATE S D I N T STR I C O UR T CT FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI O F VI I A CT RG NI R O A N O K E D I SION VI JULI . L A D EX BY; DE Ct . Ci lActon No.7: c 0053* vi i 11- v- RI CHARD VI LLAR, Pl ntf, ai if ) ) ) ) ) UNI TED STATESOF AM ERI e al,) CA, t . Deendant. f s ) M EM O R AN D U M O PI O N NI By: H on.Jackson L .K i ser Seni U ni ed St es D it ctJudge or t at s ri Ri ha d V il r a f de a i at pr e di pr K ,fl d a c vi rght c m pl i pur ua c r la , e r l nm e oc e ng o ie i l i s o a nt s nt . t Bi v.Si Unk o vens x nownName Ace sofFe a Bur uofNacotc ,403U. 388(971, d nt derl ea r is S. 1 ) wihj rs ito v se i 28U. C. j 1 31a d 1 4 .P an ifn me a d fn a t:h t u idcin e td n S. j 3 n 3 6 litf a s s ee d n s t e Unie St t ofA m erca;Dr J i Bute m o e a de i ta t Unied St t s Pe t i r i Le t d a es i . ula t r r , nts t he t a e nienta y n e Count Vigi a(t Le ') Ki ryDow, Unie Stt M as i Ne Ha hie;a y, r ni IUSP e'; mbel a td aes rhaln w mps r nd St phe R . oni r a f m e U nie St t M a s lf t D i ti tofN e H a ps r Pl i t f e n M e , or r t d a es r ha or he s r c w m hie. a n if a l gest tde e nt c us c uela unus lpuni hm e ,i vi a i oft Ei ht le ha f nda s a ed r nd ua s nt n ol ton he g h Am endm entoft Unied St esConsiuton. Thi m ater i bef e m e for s eeni purs he t at tt i s t s or cr ng, uant t 28U. C.j 1 5A.Afe r e ngpli ifss s i ,1dimist camsagans t o S. 91 tr eviwi antf ubmisons s s he li i the Unie St t a D r Bute m or a t a f t ac i t t U nied St t s D it i tCour f t d a es nd . t r e nd r ns er he ton o he t a e s rc t or t D i ti tofN e H a ps r he s r c w m hie. 1. ?. t OnN o mber2,2007, antf e re e s ve et h pan whiehous i t lga ve pli if xpe inc d e r 00t i l ed n he e l c t dy oft U nie St esM a s Se vi f t D i ti tofN ew H a ps r a a c r c i us o he t d at r hal r ce or he sr c m hie t or e tonal f iiy i N e Ham ps r A phys ci n as it ntf xe t t l alU nie St t s M a s lO f i e ac lt n w hi e. i a s s a a d o he oc td ae r ha fc RK al e ppr lf me c s r c ' f nn t tr co me d pl ntf r ceveatli i hi ' a ova or dial e vi es' o ha e m nde ai if e i pr ilng n s t h. Se r lda l t r pl i ifhad m or pa n,a a ce s a a s i f r 00t ve a ys a e , a ntf e i n bs s , nd lght eve . O n N ove be 21 2007,pl i i fs w a pr va e de i t who di nos pl i i fw ih a m r , a ntf a i t nts , ag ed a ntf t n a ce sa t bs s nd houghtt t h c d be s ve w ih a r tc na . The d i tdr led a hol i t he 00t oul a d t oo a l ents il e n he t h t alow t a c st dr i bu di notpe f m t r ca be us he e 00t o l he bs es o a n t d r or he oot nal ca e xpec e td pl ntf t r t n a a l t rda e. ai if o e ur t a e t O n D e e be 1 2007,a nur e t d pl i ift tt U nie St t s M a s Se v c c m r 7, s ol a ntf ha he t d a e r hal r i e w oul notpay f t r ca l The nur e e a ne t tpl i ifcoul eihe pa f a r d or he oot na . s xpl i d ha a ntf d t r y or oot c lorha t Unied St t s M a s lSe vi e pa t ha t t h puled orfle O n ana ve he t ae r ha l c y o ve he 00t l il d. J nua y 11 2008, a n i fs a ne de i t w ho de e m i t t h c d no be t led and a r , pl i t f aw w nts , t r ned he 00t oul t i l pr f r e t note r c t t h be us i co d be r paied. Pl i i fdi notw a t t t eer d o xt a t he 00t ca e t ul e r a ntf d nt he 00 h pule a c d nota f d t pa f ar c nal s pli ifsc i i lde e e at ne a ke l d nd oul for o y or oot a , o a ntf rm na f ns tor y s d de e f ndan M oni r o J nua y 24,2008,t alow t U nie St t s M a s lSer i t pa f t t e n a r o l he t d a e r ha v ce o y or he r canal oot . Be w e Fe ua y a M a c 2008,pl i tf w ast a f r e f o N e H a ps r t t en br r nd r h a n if r ns e r d r m w m hie o c rci or e tonalf ciii s i Br yn, e Yor Pe e s g,V igi a'a A ta a G e gi a lte n ookl N w k; t r bur r ni , nd l nt , or a. Pl i ifa r ve a U SP Le on Apr l1 2008, a pl ce i adm i s r tve s gr ga i a a ntf r i d t e i 7, w s a dn nit a i e e ton, nd i e a ey tl ar ue tf de a s r i s antf di notr ceve ar po et t r ues mm dit l ied eq s or ntl e vce .Pl i if d e i es ns o he eq t a fld as ond r nd ie ec eques on Aprl24, t i 2008, a ni agan why heha ahol i hi t h a expli ng i d e n s 00t nd as ngt s et de it Dr Bute m or r pled onM a 7,2008, i t tpl i ifwa on t ki o e he nts . . t r e e i y notng ha antf s he a nt e ls f s gr t i a esa t ta nur e w ilgi hi a a i o i . ppoi m nt i t or e ega ed nm t nd ha s l ve m n ntbi tc Pl i iff l a t r r ue ti l t J 2008 t tr pea e t t ea m e thi t y f hi a ntf ied hid eq s n a e une ha e t d he r t n s or or s t h,and Dr.Buter or r i on Jul 9, 2008, ai ng t ts be n s i s r t d 00t t m e epled y expl ni ha he ga ee ng eg ega e 2 i t sa t tpl i ifwason t a nt e ls.Shea s d pl ntf t as a n s f nma e nd ha antf he ppoi m nt it dvi e ai if o k ure or i of bupr en. Pl ntf fl a f ur h r ai i f ied o t eque ton Se em be 1, s pt r 2008, ai ng t the ha wa t d f expl ni ha d ie our mont t s eade ita t tt t h 'ssa t t c us panll'Dr Butemor rple o hs o e nts nd ha he 00t û tri o a e i .' . tr e e id n i ng Se em be 5, pt r 2008,a s ng hi t the co d be s e s dvi i m ha ul e n oone i he s g up f r s c c lwhe r f i ns o i k al n r l a e f om s e t on. ee s d r egr ga i D r Buter or e m i d pl i ifi s gr a i o Oc obe 1 2008,a s . t m e xa ne a ntf n e eg ton n t r 5, nd he de e m i d t t$a r ca ha be n s a t d on t t num berni ...a l f open on t r ne ha $ oot nal d e t r e 00 h ne nd e t lng l' t t h ha e e i l dec yed one ha ft t o-hi ds down t r oft t t a i ua '; he 00t d xt ns ve y a - l ow t r he oot he 00 h) nd t t h w a notr s or bl Dr Bute he 00t s e t a e. . t nnor pule t t h,a d pai m e c ton was e l d he 00t nd t no n di a i is d...t sue hough ( anif wa i e rmepanfom t t t e rcton....'( Compl plitfj s n xte i r he 00h xta i ' Am. . !!48- ) Dr Bute mor t dpl ntf t ts rmai ngr ttsuec dno bermo d 49. . lr e ol ai if ha ome e ni oo is oul t e ve w ihoutr m ovi bone. t e ng 1 n he olow ng t , Pl i ifw ast a f r ed f om U SP Lee i N ove be 2008. I t f l i m on hs a ntf r ns e r r n m r pl ntf s f r t xtem e a unbea a e ' n f om t r m a ni r ts ue l ti t bone ai if uf e ed t r e nd r bl ' pai r he e i ng oot i s ef n he , w hi h he t c houghtcoul no be r oved. Pl i ifuli a e y a rved a t Unie St t d t em a ntf tm t l r i t he t d a es Penie i r i Te r H aut I a ,whe e a de i tr m ove t r m a ni r ts ue on t nt a y n r e e, ndi na r nts e d he e i ng oot i s Sept ber30,2009. em Plitf fldaCli f rDa g , nu y o De t wiht eBura o P io (1 ', anif i e am o ma e lj r , r ah t h e u f rs ns t BOP' ) ale ng t ts a fa U SP Le unne s arl ca e pl i i ft l e a t h a e ur pa n by l gi ha t f t e ce s iy us d a ntf o os 00t nd nd e i no a ua el tea i hi be w e n A m i 22 a O c o r 1 2008.By a l te da ed Fe ua y t deq t y r tng m t e l nd t be 5, et r t br r lPlitf doe nots i t i tntac i whe t ta frfom U SP Leeoc r d, buthea redunde penat an if s ay n he nsa ton n he r nse r cure ve r r ly o p ruy i ap i r r ltda to t a h wa ta se r dfo US Le i No e r2 0 S eECF n .1 p 3, f ej l n ro , ea e ci n h t e s r n fre r m P e n v mbe 0 8. e o , Vi a v. Bre , . 1 -v 0 3 6 ( . Va Se t 3 , 1 ) l r O' in No 7: 0 c - 0 7 W D. . p . 0 20 0 . l . 3 11 201 t BOP deni t a i sr tvet tcli a a s d pl i ift thema fl s t , 0,he ed he dm nita i or am nd dvie antf ha y ie ui i f alcour w ihi sx- ont n eder t t n i m hs. Plitf aguesi t Ame anif r n he ndedComplitonl t tEhefiur ofDefnda slUnie an y ha t al e t e ntl td St t s ofA m e i ,D r J i Bute m or ,K i be l D ow , nd St phen R.M oni t pr de ae rca . ula t r e m ry a e er o ovi a quaede alteame f g li ifi atmeymar r)consiut delbert i fe e e de t nt r t nt or plantf n i l me l tt es i ae ndifr nc t t (qan ifssro sme ia n e s, i vo ain o t eEihhAme d n t teUntd o he p litf e iu dc l e d g) n ilto f h g t n me t o h i e S ae Co ttto ' ( Co . 1) Pli tf rq e t $ 00 0j i t a ds v r l a an t tts nsi in. Am. mpl 1 . anif e u ss 8 ,0 o nl n e eal g is u ' y y de e nt a $20, i punii da a sa i tde e nt Dr Buter e,Dow,a f nda s nd 000 n tve m ge gans f nda s . t mor nd M oni r Pli iff t rr quesseq tbl r i t c e . antf urhe e t uia e elef o ompelde e nt t i t l ade a i plnt f nda s o nsa l nt l m a f t m i s ng t h. or he s i 00t B. Pl i iffld hi frtr l t s t Vilrv. Bre No. 1 c 00376,i t sc r on antf ie s is e aed ui, la O' in, 72 0- vn hi ou t s f nda s r y Bren or A ugus 1 201 2 Pl i ifna ed a de e nt Te r O ' i , f m erW ar n ofU SP Lee t 6, 0. a ntf m de , ' R og r Cos r ,f m e A s oci t W a de ofU SP Lee D r Bute m or Dow ;a M o e , nd e g ove or r s a e r n ; . t r e; nd ni r a he s ug c pe a i f t s m e alege i de t den altea m e ,plr ua t Bi ns a o ht om ns ton or he a l d na qua e t r t nt zs nt o ve nd 28U. C.j 1 S. 331.Not y, antf ca ine t c anta ,û abl pli if pto d he ompli s t compl ntf t De i ton ai or he prvai ofConsiutona rght byFe rlAcorPurua t Til 28U. C.j1 , andhealoalege tt i l i s dea t s nt o te S. 331' ' s l d t tt c thadj s ci t he rt matrpurua t 28U. C.jj2201a 2202,whih ha he our miditon o a he te s nt o S. nd c a hoief r c t t is dedaaor j ut rz edeal ours o sue rt y udgme s Alhoughpli ifac nt. t antf knowldg t e ed he f c t tt BOP hadde e af r t tcai , pl i ifde c i onl de e a t ha he ni d ede al or l m antf s rbed y f ndant'al ge s le d Ei t Ame e vi a i . Pl ntf d d notpl a acli pur ua t t Fe r Tor gh h ndm nt ol tons ai if i e d am s nt o he de al t 2A ugus 1 ,201 ,i t daepli ifalgedhe sgne t Com pli and i e ris daehec dhaveha t6 0 s he t antf le i d he ant s a le t t oul ndedt e h Com pl ntt prs ofi asf rmaii Se Housonv. La k 48 U. 26 27 ( 9 8 (eciigtepio ai o ion fcil o lng. e t c , 7 S. 6, 5 1 8 ) d srbn h rs n mal xr l) i bo ue . 4 Cli Ac (ç ams t ûFTCA',28U. C.j2671 : su.o a e sanyt tousa oromisona ' ) S. ,. e , r ddrs 1 ori ct si s de i d by a s a e l w .By M e or ndum Opi on a Or rdat d Sept m be 3 201 1 t ne ny t t a m a ni nd de e e r 0, 0, dimisdt aci wihoutprj ceduet pli ifsfiur t c ywih ac todert t s se he ton t eudi o antf al e o ompl t our r ha die t pl ntf t fl fna aldoc nt t s ppor a a plc tont pr ee t f ma r ced ai if o ie i nci ume s o u t n p iai o oc d q or pa rs Vil v. Bre No.7: c 00376,si op.a 12 ( . Va. pt 30,201 ) upei. lar O' in, 10-vlp t - W D. Se . 0. Pl ntf di nota al ai i f d ppe . Pl i i ffl d hi s co r l t s t Vil rv.Unied St t , o.7: 1 c 00355 i t s a ntf ie s e nd e a ed ui, la t a es N 1 - v, n hi c to J y 1 2011. Pl ntf na e asde e nt t Unie St t ofAm e i Dr our n ul 4, ai if m d f nda s he t d a es rca, . Buter or , Dow , nd M oni r and he r s d t s m e cl i s s ' di . By M e or ndum t m e m a a e, ai e he a a m ub l ce 3 u Opiina Or e d tdOco e 2 2 1 ld s se t ea to wi o tp eu ied et no nd d r ae t b r 7, 01 , imis d h ci n t u rj dc u o h pl ntf sf l e t com pl w ih a c t de t tdie t d pl i ift fl fna i ldoc e s ai i f aiur o y t our or r ha r c e a ntf o ie i nc a um nt ts o uppor a a iai t pr e t f mapa rs la v. td Stt ,No.7:lc t n pplc ton o oce d q or upei.Vilr Unie aes 1 -v- 00355,si op. l( . Va.Oc. 2011 .Pl ntf di nota al lp at W D. t27, ) ai if d ppe . Pl i t f f l t i t nta ton on N ove ber3, 2011. Pl i i fc ple w ih t a n if ied he ns a c i m 4 a ntf om i d t he c tspro or r rquesi tna a d our' ir des e tng i ncil ocume st s r a a iai t pr e dL fr nt o uppo t n pplc ton o oc e q oma pa r s The co tc upe i . ur ondii l f l d t a ton,a s pl i i ft tt a ton a a e t be tonaly ie he c i dvi ed a ntf ha he c i ppe r d o un i e y f l d, r que t d a gum e twhy t a ton s d notbe di m i s d. Pl i iffl tm l ie and e s e r n he c i houl s se a ntf ied hi r s ns a t smat i rpef s e ni purua t 28U. C.j 1 5 s epo e, nd hi ter s i or cre ng, s nt o S. 91 A. 3Thei t tAm e d Com pl nti aphot opyoft Com pl nti t s ond s t nsan nde ai s oc he ai n he ec ui. 4Pl ntf daedt Compl ntasOctbe 3, 20l1 bu hedi no e ut t ve iiai sae en,pur ua tt 28 ai if t he ai o r , t d t xec e he rfc ton t tm t s n o U.. j146 u tl v mb r3 2 l .( mp.1 . Th s No e r3 2 1 it e ris d t plitf c ud SC. 7 , niNo e e , 0 1 Co l 3) u , v mbe , 0l ,s he al t ae anif o l e ha ha ve ndedt Com plitt prs ofi al f m aii . he an o ion fci s or lng I I. A. 1m us di m i s a ac i orcl i tl d by a i a e i Ide e m i t tt a ton o t s s ny ton am ie n nm t f t r ne ha he c i r cl i i f i ousor f l t s a e a cl m on w hi h r i m a be gr nt d. See 28 U . C . a m s rvol ais o t t ai c elef y a e S. jj1 5()2) l 5 b)1;42U. C.j 1 () Thetrtsa r i l scamsba e 91 e( , 91 A( () S. 997ec . is tndad ncude li s d upon t n i s a y m e il s l ga t r ' ' l i s o i r nge e ofa l gali e e twhi h d ndi put bl a rt e s e l heo y, i a m f nf i m nt 'c e nt r s c c e ry doe notexit'o cai swhe et i a t lc ntntonsa e c e ry ba e e s' N etkev. lal s s ,' r l m r he ' c ua o e i f r l a l s l s . iz ' W ila ,490U. 31 327( lims S. 9, 1989) Thes c sa r i t fmiirsa r f amoto t . e ond tndad s he a la tndad or in o dimisunde FedealRul ofCi lPr ed e 1 b)6) a ce i apli ifsf t algai s s r r e vi oc ur 2( ( , c ptng antf acual le tons astue. A com pl i ne ù s ta pl n s a e e oft cl m s i t tt pl a ri r a nt eds û hor nd ai t t m nt he ai how ng ha he e de s a e ildt r if' nds tcintûgl t algai ...oriearghtt rle a vet ntte o ele a ufi e çfacual le tons t as i o eif bo he s c ai lve ....'BelAt. p. Twombl 550U. 5 555( pe ultve e l ' l lCor v. y, S. 44, 2007)(ntr l i ena quottonmaksomitd) A pl ntf sbai f r le Se rsmor t l l a ai r te . ai if ss or eifû quie r e han abes nd c us ons ....' l The ef e a pl i ifm us i le f c ss fci ntt s a e a lt el m ent oncl i ' d. r or , a ntf t s l ge a t uf i e o t t 1 he e a s of(helcai ' Ba sv.E..DupontdeNe s& Co.324F. 761, (t Ci.2003) t l m. s ' I mour , 3d 765 4h r . Det r i ng w he hera com pl i s a esa pl us bl c a m f r lefi ( cont xt s c f c e m ni t a nt t t a i e l i or e i s d a e - pe ii ts t t e uie terv e n c u t od a o i j d ca e peinc a c mmo s n e' a k ha rq rs h e iwig o r t r w n t u iil x re e nd o n e s . s ' As r lv. q l 556U. 662,678- ( heof I ba, S. 79 2009) .Thus aco ts reni ac aitunde Rul , ur ce ng ompl n r e 1 b)6 c ni niypl di t taenote tte t a asumptonoftut bec us t 2( () a de tf ea ngs ha r nild o n s i r h a e hey c i tofno m or t n l be sa c l i . l A lho h Ilber ly co t ue a pr K ons s e ha a l nd onc us ons d. t ug i a l ns r o c ai , i sv.Ker r 404U. 519,5 - 1(1 ,1donota tasa i t sa ompl ntHgne ne , S. 202 972) c n nmae' dvocae, t s s t de l pi s a ut r a co tt i lcl i s notcl a l r s d i a co pl i . Se ua non e ve o ng t t o y nd nsiutona a m e r y ai e n m a nt e Br kv. rol,1 F. 241 243( h Ci.1 ( tg,J,c oc Car l 07 3d , 4t r 997) Luti . oncuri ) Be udetv.Civof rng ; a t t 6 Ha on,775F. 1 1 ( hCi.1 .Se as Gor v.Le ke,574F. 11 l1 mpt 2d 274, 278 4t r 985) e lo don e 2d 47, 51 ( hCi.1978 (ec zngt tadititc ti note ctdt asumet r eofa 4t r ) r ognii ha src our s xpe e o s he ol dvocae t f a pr K pli it or o antf). . B. Alhough pl i ifna est U nie St t s ofA m e i a a de e t a nt f m he t d a e rca s f ndan , f ist de c i t he a l o s rbe a bas sofla lt a ns i. Pl ntf s m pl s yst the pr edsaga ns t U nie St t s o ny i i biiy gai t t ai i f i y a ha oce i t he t d a e f Ameiavi 28U. C.j 1 b)1 , chg a sUniedStt DititCoursç l i rc a S. 346( ( ) whi r nt t aes src t d usve exc J rs ito o cvia to so camsa ans t Uni d S ae ,o mo e d ma e . . o ij r ' id ci n f i l ci n n li g i the t tts f r n y a g s . fr nu y u e o ls of r pe t o pes n lnu yo d ah c u e b t n gie to wr n f l c o r o s p o ry, r ro a ij r r e t a s d y he e lg n r o g u a t r om i s on ofa e pl si ny m oyee oft G o r e whie a tng w ihi t s pe ofhi of i e or he ve nm nt l c i t n he co s fc e pl ym e ....' Li r ly c t ue pl ntf w a st r c m o nt ' be a l onsr d, ai if nt o e overda a f o t Unie m ges r m he t d St t ofA m erc f s e ne i nto wr f la torom i s on ofan uns c fed e pl . a es i a or om glge r ong u c si pe i i m oyee How e r pl ntf doesnots fc e ty des r be i t A m e d Com pl i a ve , ai if ufi i n l c i n he nde a nt ny pari arper st tous actorom i i asdefned by any s at s l s. Pl ntf cannotr y tcul son' ori ss on i t e' aw ai if el o t meei ai of28U. C.j 1 46( ( )t s a ousy c tu tavibl t t am n he r nvoc ton S. 3 b)1 o pontne l onsr c a e or cli pur ua t t FTCA . A c pl ntnee $ s ta pl i s a e e oft c a m s i t s nt o he om ai ds ( hor nd a n t t m nt he l i how ng hat a t pl de i e ildt r i .... Two v, U. a 555(ntr quottonmaks he ea r s ntte o elef ' ' mbl 550 S. t i enal ai r omitd) Pl ntf doe notde ci a e ilme tt r i a ns t Unie Sttsvi t te . ai if s s rbe ny ntte n o elef gai t he td ae a he FTCA,a lde i t consr c a FTCA cli s s eon pl ntf sbe f Alhoug nd clne o tu t n am ua pont ai if hal. t h pl ntf i ai if nvokesBi nsa t Ei h Am e ve nd he ght ndme i t s ecli f r i ,t Unie St t s nt n he ol a m or elef he t d a e i no apr rdeenda t aBi nsacin.SeeFDI v. e r 51 U. 471 483- (994) s t ope f nt o ve to C M ve , 0 S. , 86 1 (e ogni ngt taBi cam a i tt Unie Sttsi bar bys r gni r c zi ha vens li gans he td ae s red oveei mmuniy) t. A cc di y, Idimist Bi or ngl s s he venscai ag ns t Unie Stt wih prj ce5 l ms ai t he td aes t eudi . C. A Bi ns a ton a ve c i dopt t s a ut oflm ia i t tt f r s a e us f ge r l s he t t e i t tons ha he o um t t es or ne a pes n ln u yc s s Blnc v. c e 7 7F.d 81 , 9(t Ci.1 8 )(iigJ h s nv. ro a ij r a e . a k M Ke n, 0 2 7 8l 4 h r 9 3 ctn o n o Ral vExprs Ag v, U. 45 46 ( 975) Se W a v.Da k Med.I . 1 F.d iwa e s enc 421 S. 4, 2 1 ). e de ne s nc, 82 3 281 289( hCi.1 ( di t taStt sr esa e tbl t lnga y whe t , 4t r 999) hol ng ha ae' ul bout quia e oli ppl n he Stt ssaut oflmiai a i ) Plitf' cai a ns Dow a M oniraos i Ne ae' tt e i ttons pples. anifs l ms gai t nd e r en w Hn hie a t cai sagans Dr J i Bute mor a os i Vigi a. mps r , nd he l m i t . ula t r e r e n r ni V igi a' a i a e s a ut oflm ia i nsi t o ye r and m ay be t l d. VA. r ni s pplc bl t t e i t to s w as ole CODE jj8. - 8. - A) eHowe r f erllw is fgovenst quesi ofwhe aca e 01229, 01243( .Se ve ,ed a a tel r he ton n us ofa tonac r s Coxv.St t 529F. 47,50( hCi.1 .A fde a ca eofa ton ci cue . anon, 2d 4t r 975) e r l us ci ac r w he C he pl i i fha $ com pl t and pr s ntca e ofa t o ' orw he t pl ntf c ues nk t a nt f s a ee ee us c i n'' n he ai if tc n t l s ta obt i r le . Bay Ar a La t a i e ui nd a n e i f' ' e undr a Dr Cl ni Pe i Tr tFund v. v nd y ea nc ns on us Feba Cor ofCa.522U. 1 2,201( 997) r r p. l, S. 9 1 . Pl ntf ' cl m saga ns D r Bute m o e oc ur e whie he w a a U SP Le w hi h ai i f s ai i t . tr r c r d l s t e, c pl ntf l ti Nove r2008.Thus pl ntf sc am sa i tDr Buter e woul ha ai if ef n mbe , ai if l i gans . l mor d ve 1Eve i pl ntf hadacualy ale a FTCA cam , t U nied Sttsi now i unet pli ifsale tons n f ai if t l lged n li he t ae s mm o antf lga i i vi Dr Bute m or ,D ow,and M onir Pl ntf di notpr ecuehi frtci laci V ilrv. ' i N o. nvol ng . t r e e . ai if d os t s is vi ton, la O Bren, 7: 0-v1 c 00376,at lhoughhe fld i wihi sxm ont oft BO P' Fe ua y 11 201 lte de nghi ie t t n i hs he s br r , 0, e tr nyi s a i srtvet tcl m ,andplitf di notfl t i tnta i wihi sxm ont oft BO P' lte .See28 dm nita i or ai an if d ie he nsa cton t n i hs he s etr U. C. 2 0lb (e urn atr cam t b b re u e sa a t na o th cam i b g nwihnsxmo tso S. j 4 ( ) rq iig o t li o e ard nls n ci b u te li s e u ti i nh f o t ea e c sd nil ft ea m iita iet r cam) Plitf d e n talg h e e prs n e a a mi sr t e h g n y' e a o h d n srtv o t li . an if o s o l e e v r e e td n d nita i e v t tcl m t t Unied Stt M arhalSer c t t yea saueoflmia i ha lngexpiedf a or ai o he t aes s vie, he wo r tt t i ttons s o r or ny alegai i vi D ow o M oni ,andt Unie Stt woul bee il t s r i i m uniy. Se 28 U . C. l ton nvol ng r er he td aes d ntted o ove egn m t e S. j2 01b (e u rn at r ca m t beb re u ls i i p e e t d i wr i t t ea p o raeF d r la e c 4 ( ) r q iig o t li o a r d n e s t s r s ne n i ng o h p r p it e e a g n y t wih nt y a sa rs c cam a cu s ; C. R. 0 1 2 a (u h rzn t eDie t ro t eUn td S ae t i wo e r he u h l i c r e l 28 F. j .7 ( ) a t o iig h r co f h ie tts Masa Sevc t a nitaieya j dct a miitaietr camsa ans teUntdSae Mas a S r ie; rh l r ie o dmi sr t l du iae d nsrtv ot li g i t h ie tts rh l evc l v Ko oi v U. Potts r , 2 F.d2 , 8(t Ci. 0 0 (oigta t rq ie n t fl a a miitaie k ts . S. sa ev.2 3 3 75 27 4h r2 0 ) n tn h the e urme to ie n d nsrtv tr cam ij rs ito a a dc n t ewav d . ot li s uidcin l n a no b ie ) 8 a c ue by no l t r t n N ove be 2008. Pl i iff l d t i t ac i i N ove be 2011 cr d a e ha m r a ntf ie he nsant ton n m r , a oxi a ey a ye rafert t yea sa u eoflm iai e r Eve t lng t ppr m t l a t he wo- r t t t i t tons xpied. n oli he lm ia i pe i f t tm e pl i if spr ora tons 7: 0- 00376 a 7. 1 c 00 i t tons rod or he i a ntf i c i , 1 cvnd ' - v- 355,w e e 1 r pe ng i t scour , he t o- a lm ia i pe i f e nt a U SP Le a r dy e r d ndi n hi t t w ye r i t tons rod or ve s t e lea xpi e befr pli iffldt i tntaci Se VA. o e antf ie he nsa ton. e CODEj8. -29( ( )(oli t lmiai 012 E)1 t lng he i ttons pe i f t tm e a pr or s m ia a ton w a pe ng bef e be ng a e ordi m i s d w ihout r od or he i i , i lr ci s ndi or i bat d s se t deemi ngt meis;Tor e- kv.W veh,739F.Supp.2d 887,89 ( D.Va J 1 tr ni he rtl ki-for t 4 E. . une 6, 2 0 (e o nzn VA. E j8012 ( ( )i n t i tdt as cfcj rs ito t a 01 ) r c g iig COD . -29E)1 s o l e o pe ii u id cin,o mi s cii t ofc to t as ii t ofa ton) pe fc ype our, r o pecfc ype ci . By is Or ent ed on A ugus 10,2012,t courtadvied pl ntf t t acton t der er t he s ai if hat he i a a e t be untm e y f l a as f a gum e why i s d no be di m i s d. l ppe r d o i l ied nd ked or r nt t houl t s se n r pons ,pl ntf a g s w ihouts es e ai if r ue t uppor t tt sa t o s d t e a e bac ' o pl ntf s fr t t ha hi c i n houl s l t r k' t ai i f is a t o V il r v.O ' i n, o.7: 0- v- 76, hi h pl i iff l d i t s c ton A ugus 1 c i n, la Br e N 1 c 003 w c a ntf ie n hi our t 6, 201 Rul 1 c ,Fed.R.Ci P.pemisa a 0. e 5() v. , r t n mendme t rlt ba kt a e rirpla ng nt o eae c o n ale e di f l d i t s m e a ton i t a e ie n he a c i f he m ndm e tm ee sc t i c ie i butnot ng i Rul 1 pe t n t era n rt ra, hi n e 5 nuis a a e n m ndm e i a ac i ca e t r l t bac t a flng i a pr vi l fl c os d ac i n. nt n n tve s o e a e k o ii n e ousy- ied, l e to Se e. , a s v.Soa es 223F. 1 7,1 9- ( 0t Ci.2000)( di apladi i a e. g.M rh r , 3d 21 21 20 1 h r hol ng e ng n s e nta ton camotr l t ba k t apl a ngfld i aprorac i t twasale ubs que c i l e ae c o e di ie n i ton ha r ady dimis be aus t r i not ngfrt s eq ntpla ngt r aebac t . s sed c e he e s hi o he ubs ue e di o elt k o) Pl i i fdoe nota gue a ba i t eq t bl t lt s a ut s oflm ia i ,a lfnd no a ntf s r ny s s o uia y ol he t t e i t tons nd i bassi t r or t do s Acc di y,pl ntf sBi nscl m sagans Dr Bute m or i n he ec d o o. or ngl ai if ve ai i t . tr e war a di m i s astm e ba r d. Se Br ksv. t ofW i t sa em . N ort Car i 85 F. r nt s s al i - r e e oo Ciy ns on- l h olna, 3d 9 l 1 1( h Ci.1 )(ttngs s t dimis i pr rwhent fceoft c ant 78, 8 4t r 996 sai ua pone s sal s ope he a he ompli cl ryrveast e se ofame iorousafimai dee e . eal e l he xitnce rt i fr tve fns) Pl ntf s r m ai ng c ai s a e aga ns D ow and M oni r f w hom t scou tl ks ai if e ni l m r i t e , or hi r ac pes na j rs ito , b u e e t t t c l rdi Ne Ha hr , iha eno wi nt i ro lu idcin a o t v n s ha o cz e n w mps ie wh c r t t hs r hi c u tsv n e l t ei tr s of u tc a dt c n e e c o p risa dwi e s s Ita fr o r' e u . n h ne e t j sie n he o v nin e f a t n t se , rnse e n t s c vi ac i t t D i t i tofN e H a ps r whe e i m a ha bee br ug . 28 U . C . hi i l ton o he s r c w m hi e r t y ve n o ht S. j 1 4.See ec.N. REv. 40 s . , H. STAT.jj508: 508:0,Po s h Countv Cl v. wnof 4, 1 . rtmout r ub To Gre a 15 N. 61 62 883A.d 298,30 ( ) Ro rsv. 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