Shomo v. Junior Corporation, No. 7:2011cv00508 - Document 54 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 7/6/12. (med)
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CL SOFFI ERK' CE U. Dj S. ATROANOKE ST. COURT FJ L ,VA ED J 25 2 1 UL 22 I TH E UN I N TED STA TES D I STR I T C O UR T C FO R TH E W E STERN DI STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A RO AN OK E D I SI VI ON ABI L G.SHOM O, GAI ) Pl i if a ntf , J A , , u cusax ux z' Case N o. 7: cv: 11- 508 M EM O R AN D U M O PI IO N N By:Jam esC .Turk Seni Uni St es D i ri Judge or ted at st ct JUN I R CO RPO R ATI N , O O Defnda . e nt ) ) Thi matri bef et Cour onPli ifAbiaiG.Shomo(t s te s or he t antf g l 1shomo'' M oto f ' s in or l Le t Fiea Ame dCompli ( No.4 .Orlagume wa hedonJ ne11 201 ave o l n nde ant ECF 2) a r nt s l u , 2, wheru t Cour al e pon he t lowedDefnda J o Cor ain ($t or' 1 da t fl a e nt unir porto $Jmi ' 5 ys o ie n ) Opposton.Def nda fl d isOpposton on J 26, 2,a Shomo ha r ple ii e nt ie t ii une 201 nd s e i d. Ac or ngl t materi now rpef diposton.Fo t r as s tf t beow,Shom o' c di y, he t s i or s ii r he e ons e orh l s M o i i G I A N TED i pa ta D EN I i pa t ton s R n r nd ED n r . 1 . Fact and ProceduralB ackzround ual Shomo orgi ly fl d t sa i agans J i ro Oc obe 27,201 a lgi s x a i na l ie hi cton i t un o n t r 0, le ng e nd pr gna y di c i i ton i vi a i ofTil V l oft Ci lRi s Ad of 1 e nc s r m na i n ol ton te l he vi ght 964. Se ECF N o. e 1 Def ntbr . enda oughta M o i n t Dim is a gui t tt Pli ifhad f ie t saea ca m to o s s , r ng ha he a ntf a ld o t t li f r i bec us s had no ad ua el a l ge a es e i e e e ofa Til V I c ai , or elef a e he t eq t y le d n s ntal l m nt te I l m na l t tJ orempl mey ha uni oyed 1 o mor e o e .See42U. C.j2000e( .OnJ nuay 18 5 r e mplye s S. b) a r , 201 w ih l a ofCour ,Sho o fl d a Fis Am e d Com pl i te i ty a l ng t t 2, t e ve t m ie rt nde a n xplcil legi ha D ef endantem pl oyed 15 orm or em pl e oyees wihi t m eani ofTil V I . See ECF N o.15. t n he ng te l On M a c 1 201 agan wih l veofCour,Sho otld a Se r h 9, 2, i t ea t m ie cond Am e d Com pli nde ant wherupo s a dacai und t FarLa rSt dar Ac (heSFLSA cam' a a e n he dde l m er he i bo an ds t t t li ' nd ) wr f tr nai cl m purua t Vigi acommonl (het ongul emi ton ai s nt o r ni aw t d Bowma cli ).SeeECF n am' N o.3 The FLSA cl i a l ge t tJ orf ie t pa Sho o t f de aly- a t d 2. a m le d ha uni a l d o y m he e r l m nda e mi mum wa of$2.3 anho f tppe e pl e ,a t Bowman c am al ge t t ni ge 1 ur or i d m oye s nd he l i le d ha Shom o w a unl w f l fr be a e s r f e t abo t runbor c l s a uly ied c us he e us d o r he n hid. De e ntmove t dim isShomo' Se nd Am e d Com pl nti ise iey f f nda do s s s co nde ai n t ntr t or f l e t s a e a c a m . ECF N o,33. The Cou tdi m i s Shom o' FLSA c a m a he aiur o t t l i r s s ed s l i nd r Bowmancli ,butdeci d t dim ishe Til VI cai .ECF No.40.The FLSA c am wa am lne o s s r te l l m li s ds se be a s i fie t a e u tl alg ta ete S o o J n o wa s j c t te imis d c u e t ald o d q aey l e h t i r h mo r u ir s ube t o h e h FLSA ,a t Bow m a c ai w asdi m i s d be a e t Co tc ude t tt Supr m e nd he n lm s s e c us he ur oncl d ha he e Co t V igi a w oul notr c ze a c m on-a wr ult m i ton c a m w he e a ur of r ni d e ogni om l w ongf er na i l i r n e pl e wa t m i t f rr f i t ha a a ton. Se ECF N o. m oye s er na ed o e us ng o ve n bori e 39. Shom o hasnow m ove f rl a t a e Cot s1 a I 1ofhe Com pl nt D e e ntoppos he r que t d o e ve o m nd mt 1 nd 1 r ai ; f nda es r e s , a g ng t tt pr r ui ha he opos d a e en s woul be f ie bec us t w oul nots vi a m o i e m ndm t d utl a e hey d ur ve ton t di m i s o s s. l l. St andard ofR e ew vi Le vet a nds dbefe ygi nwhe j tces rquie Fe R. v. 15a( . a o me houl rel ve n usi o e rs. d. Ci P. ()2) M o e v r ith lw i welstldt a la et a n ap e dngs o l b d n e o l whe ro e,d l e a s l ete h t e v o me d la i h ud e e id ny n g t ea n me t udbep eudca t t eo p sngp ry t eeh sb e b dfi o t p r o h me d n wo l rj iil o h p o i a t,h r a e n a at n he at f h t m ovi pa t ort am e m e woul be f ie. Edwa ds v. t ofG ol bo o,1 F. d he ng r y, he nd nt d utl ' ' r Ciy ds r 78 3 231, ( hCi.1 9)( tngJ ms v. o a FoodsCo.785F. 503,509( hCi. 242 4t r 99 quoi ol on Orwe t , 2d 4t r 1 )(nenalquottonmakso te .W heeapr e n ndmentwoul nots vvea 986) itr ai r mitd) r opos d me d ur i moto t dimisunde Fe r Rul ofCi lPr e e1 b)6) lavet a in o s s r deal e vi oc dur 2( ( ,e o mendma pr ry y opel be de e a f tl Se Unie St t e r l W is m v. e l Br ni d s u ie. e t d a es x e . l c K locc own & Root l ,5 F. s nc. 25 3d 370,376( h Ci. 4t r 2008) . A motont dimisund Rul 1 b)6 oft Fe rlRulsofCi lPr e etsst i o s s er e 2( () he dea e vi oc dur et he lgals fce oft compli .Ra l v. tdSt e ,30F.d 51 522(t Ci.1 .A e ufiincy he ant ndal Unie ats 3 8, 4h r 994) c ai mus i l as ta pli sae ntoft cai s unde whiht pla ri ompl nt t ncude hor nd an ttme he l mt) r c he e de s e tte t r i .Fed.R.Ci P.8()2) nild o elef v. a( .Unde t noiepla ngsa r e oyedbyt r he tc e di tnda d mpl he f er lcou t, hec pli nee onl ç vet de e ntnotceofwha t cli i ... nd ed a rs t om a nt d y i gi he f nda i t he am s a t gr ndsuponwhih i r t. Erc onv.Padus 55lU. 89,93( he ou c t ess' iks ' r , S. 2007)(ii BelAt. ctng l l Cor v. p. Twombl 550U. 5 555( ) l or rt s r veamotont dimis v, S. 44, 2007). n de o u vi i o s s, h we e, c mpan ' C ta t l l g to smu t ee o g t riearg tt rle a o et e o v r a o lits ûl cua al ain s b n u h o as ih o eif b v h g e s c a i l vel' Twom bl 550 U . a 555. I pari ul ,t ega conc us o , e e s ofa pe ul tve e . ' y, S. t n tc ar t l l l i ns el m nt c us ofa ton,a ba e as e tonsde d off rherf t e nc m entf lt c ns iut w e l a e c i nd r s ri voi u t ac ual nha e ai o o tt e l- pldfcsf Rul 1 b)6)pupos . Ne tChe olt Lt v.Cons afisco l ,591 e a t or e 2( ( es' me vr e. d. ' umerfar. m. nc. F. 250, ( h Ci.2009) W hiet Cour i oblgaedt a e a tuea1oft 3d 255 4t r . l he t s i t o cc pt s r l he c pl i ' w e l pl f t laleg tonsa t ket f c s i t lghtm os f vor bl t t om a nt s l- ed ac ua l a i nd a he a t n he i t a a e o he pl ntflAdoc v. eg lne.LLC,55 F. 369,37 ( hCi. ) iwilnotgiet s me ai it k Frihti r 0 3d 4 4t r 2008 ,t l v he a r ve enc t S e r eoi unwar a e i e e es unr as bl co l i ,ora gum ent .' N e e r nt d nf r nc , e ona e nc us ons r s' m t Che olt 591F. a 255( i W a v. ret AraMe Ct.l ,5 F. 599,615 vr e, 3d t quotng hi Chalson e d. rs nc. 62 3d n. ( hCi.2009). 26 4t r ) 111 . Di cussi s on A. CountI :t FLSA C l m I he ai I r pons t t Cour ' O r rdi m i s ng Count 1 a I Iofhe Sec A m e d n es e o he ts de s s i s 1 nd 1 r ond nde Co pli t Shom o movedt Cour t a lw he t tl aThid Am e d Co pl ntt ta e m an, he t o lo r o 5e r nde m ai ha m nds t ec t.Se ( opos dlThidAm.Compl,Ex.1t Pl' M ot f Le vet FieAm. hos ouns e Pr e r . o .s .or a o l Compl,J 7, 2, No. (t '.TheTAC addst f l nglnguag a t t . un. 201 ECF 42 i TAC' ) he olowi a e s o he FLSA cli pr s bl t brngJ o Co por ton wihi t FLSA' c r pr sons a m, e uma y o i unir r a i t n he S ove age ovii : Ata 1tmesma e i lhe e pl ntf e ge i c 1 i t ra r , ai if nga d n omm e c o wor i abusnes r e r ked n i s e ngag i c m e c ort pr uc i ofc m e c w ihi t m e ng oft FLSA . ed n om r e he od ton om r e t n he ani he Fore mpl on i o ton a be if a apr pre o ofM e c n r t ur nt d e nt xa e, nf nna i nd le , s o it r xia esa a s ef nda rgulrgijbr e a sc oughtit t Commonwe 1ho Vigi aa t Unie Sttsf no he at f r ni nd he td ae ood pr oduc sgr n a m a o s det Com m o e lh ofV igi a a t Unie St t s t ow nd de ut i he nw a t r ni nd he t d a e a e pl ng t l nd, m oyi he aborofpli ifa ot rwor r ,s dt epr t a is antf nd he ke s ol hos oduc s t t r s a an s Thos f a ot rpr uc s i l e t ur t . e ood nd he od t nc uded buta e notlm ied t bee , i r i t o r w ne, ot raloholcbe r ges varousc le andhots uce ,s s ,be ,c cke rcea he c i ve a , i hii s a s ala ef hi n, i nd be ns c n, l ,c ea ng c m i a s a pa rpr a , or f our l ni he c l , nd pe oduc s I addii de e t.n ton, f ndan t e pl d pe s who t a e a r s s a e lne t w o k f de e nt l a ton, m oye r ons r vel d c os t t i s o r or f nda . n ddii de e ntus d ot rc m odii s i l ng butnotlm ie t na ur lgas el c rc t f nda e he om te , nc udi i td o t a , e t i iy, te elphoneand i e ne s r c whih ta le a r ssat lnest Vigi af us i ntr t e vie, c r vel d c os t e i o r ni or e s s li de e ntspr e lng f nda ' oduc s l addii on i or a i a belef a a1 tm e m a e i l t.n ton, nf m ton nd i , t l i s t r a he e o de e nte pl d m o et n t pe s nsa ha g os a r t f nda m oye r ha wo r o nd d r s nnua s l sof l ae $500, ormor Furhe on i or ton a bei f de e n ' owne sta ou sde 000 e. t r nf ma i nd le , f nda ts r r vel t i t U nie St t s t M e co f e nty atl as i pa t ort pur e ofs a c ng f a he t d a e o xi r que l e t n r f he pos e r hi or nd obti ng r ci a f pr t t s la deenda ' r tur nt i t Unied St e . a ni e pes nd ood oduc s o el t f nts esa a s n he t ats TAC !27. Dee nta g st tt spaa a silfist brngShomo' FLSA cai wihi fnda r ue ha hi rgrph tl al o i s lm tn tea i o t eFLSA b c us ifist alg s fiin fcst s w ta Jmiri s be tt h mbt f h e a e t al o le e u fce t a t o ho h t t o s u j c o t FLSA' i vi ore eprs c r gepr sons he S ndi dual nt r ie ove a ovii . Asr lva the e t FLSA r quiest te o r pay a e oye ' ng d i ee n r , he e r ha mpl ye s n mpl e t age n e c ommec ort pr uci ofgoodsf co re, ( re he od ton or mmec or who)i e oye i a e e ie s mpl d n n ntprs e ge i co m er e or i t pr uc i ofgoodsf c m e c ' he f de a l m a t d nga d n m c n he od ton or om r e' t e r ly- nda e 4 mi mu wa e 2 U. C. 2 6 a( )1t mmec 'i d fn da trd 5 o re ni m g . 9 S. j 0 ()1. s co re's ei e s ' a e c mmec , t tans t i tans i i orcom m uni i am ong t s r poraton, r m ss on, caton he everalSt esorbet at ween any St e at a da ypa eo tiete e f' I j 0 ( ) Th s acam ma me tteF A'j rs ito a n n lc u sd h ro . d 2 3 b . u , li y e h LS S u idcin l ' r quie e sunde oneoft pr sons t ti vi lc r e'pr so o t ç nt r ie e r m nt r wo ovii ' he indi dua ove ag ' ovii n r he t e prs . e c r e' pr son. See Rai v.Ea tCoas Tow i & St a LLC,820 F. ove ag ' ovi i ns s t nc or ce, supp. 7 746 zd 43, ( D. 2011 .Unde t i vi lc rgepr son,a empl c swihi t a t E. Va. ) r he ndi dua ovea ovii n oyee ome t n he mbi oft FLSA w he e he ors i e he r he s ngage i c m e c ort pr uc i of goodsf c m e c d n om r e he od ton or om r e durng t co s ofhe e pl en dute . By co r t mze ep r s c r ge c a m m a be i he ur e r m oym t i s ntas , nt i e ove a l i y br ug whe et busne sis l i enga d i c me c ort pr ton ofgoodsf r o ht r he i s te f s ge n om r e he oduc i o CODAnACCCC. De e nta guest tShom oha f ld t pr ry alegea i vi lc r gec am f nda r ha s aie o ope l l n ndi dua ove a l i o a e e prs c r c am ,a t he FLSA cai i ne s a iy f ie. TheCour wil r n ntr ie ove age l i nd hus r l m s ce s rl utl t l trta d e st ee tr rs c v r g cam.An e ly ri s j c t t eFLSA' e tprs is d rs h n ep ie o ea e li mpo e s ube t o h S n e ie c r e pr s ons i i: ove ag ovi i f t ( ()hase oyee e edi c A)i mpl s ngag n omme c ori t pr ducin ofgo f c r e n he o to ods or ommec re, ort thase pl sha i s li orot r i e w o ki on goodsorm a e i l t t ha m oyee ndlng, e lng, he w s r ng t ra s ha ha be n m o d i orpr ve e ve n oduce f c m er by a pe s and d or om ce ny r on; (i i a e eprs whos a i) s n ntr ie e nnualgr svol ofsl ma orbusnes donei not os ume aes de i s s l st n $500, (xcusveofe ietxesa t rt llve t tar s pa ael es ha 000 e l i xcs a the eai e l ha e e r t y sae . ttd) 29U. C. 2 3 s( ) Dee d n camsta S o se tr rs c v r g cam i d fcie S. j 0 ()1. fn a t li h t h mo' nep ie o e a e li s ee tv be us i s m pl as e t t tt Def nda r ul ry br ug f a ot rie s i o ca e t i y s r s ha he e nt eg a l o ht ood nd he t m nt V igi a a f ist a l ge t tDef nda ' e pl yee br htt e ie s i o V igi a. r ni nd a l o le ha e nt s m o s oug hos t m nt r ni 1Shom o' FLSA cli i conce ned onl wih J or' f l e t pa hert pr lng m i mum wage. s am s r y t uni s aiur o y he evaii ni TAC !26.I isM e a du Opi ondae J ne1 201 t Cou tmitke y qu tdt e n t mor n m ni td u , 2,he r sa nl o e h j rs ito l e uie n ofSe ton20 o teFLSA, ihrvol saou t 40-ou wo k e , u idcina r q rme t ci 7 f h whc e ve r nd he h r r we k rt e t n t Se to 2 , c c ve smi mum wa .Se Me Op. Be a s t j iditon l ah r ha o cin 06 whih o r ni ge e m. 6. c u e he urs c i a ln a ei boh sc insi ie ia,hi ddno a fc t Cou tsa ayssa d di n tprj dc te a gu g n t e to s d ntc lt s i t fe the r' n l i n d o e u ie h p ris Compa e29U. C. 20 a wihi j20 ( ) a te . r S. j 6() t d 7a. 5 Def' M e . n Opp.6, un. 20 1 ECF N o. D e e ntm i r adst s a ut W ih a .s m i J 26, 2, 48. f nda se he t t e. t n e ep r s c r c a m , he e i no r quie entt tDef nt se o e m ove t goods nt i e ove age l i t r s e rm ha enda ' mpl ye s he i c m e c Ra he , he l w s m pl r ui e t tt e b i s is fhase pl esw ho n om r e. t r t a i y eq r s ha h us ne s t el m oye ha e,s lorot r s wor onû ndl el, hewie k G goodsormaeil t thavebe move i orpr e or tras ha en dn oduc df c omme c b an r on. 29U. C.j203()1( (i (mphassa ) r e y ype s t ' S. s( )A)i) e i dded . De e ntne a guest tC a nif do notaleg t tD ef nt se pl sw e e f nda xt r ha l i t f es pl l e ha enda ' m oyee r pa toft c nne sofcom m e c Ort tt y a t aly m ove t s f a ot rie si r he ha l r e, ha he c u l d he e ood nd he t m n c m e ce. Ra he ,Pl ntf a l ge onl t tDef nda ' e pl yee 'ol t e ie sonc om r t r ai i f le s y ha e nts m o s s d' hes t m e t y a ved i V igi a .. . hi i nots f c e t s he ni n r ni . t s s uf i i nt o how t n e pr s c r ge'unde t e t r i e ove a r he F LSA. De ' M o .n Op 6 Th Co r d sg e s Th fc si d tr nn tid cinf r ' f s ti p. . e u t ia re . e o u n ee mi igju s ito o ' e t p rs co r ge cai si t e o r no t e oye I a t ki Shomo' e e ie n e ie ve a l m s he mplye , t he mpl e. n tac ng s nt prs co r ge c a m ,Def nda hasi pr pe l c l t d t sa ve a l i e nt m o ry onfa e he t ndar f r i vi ua co r ge a ds o ndi d l ve a nd ent pr s cover er i e age. l t c e ofe e pr s c e a cl ms d ti w e les a i hed t tl lbus ne s n he ont xt nt r i e ov r ge ai , i s l t bls i ha oca i s aci tesf lwihi t FLSA whe a e e prs e o wor swho handl g tvii al t n he n n nt r ie mpl ys ker e oodsor ma e i l t tha m o d orha be n pr e i it rt t c me ce. Br k v.Ha a t ras ha ve ve ve e oduc d n n e sa e om r ' oc ' m d, 8 F. 80 8 ( hCi.1 9)( rc im) dg lhoughr t r ntwor r donotdie ty 67 3d 4, 08 4t r 98 pe ura . iAlt esau a ke s r cl pa tcpaei commereg)t r sa a a whiht yaee o doesbyusngmaei s rii t n c , he eturnt t c he r mplyed i tral t ta s e poi tta l i i t r t t c m e c ' Di v.HBT.l ,N o.RW T 11 v1 ha t om n r ve ed n n e s a e om r e. az ' nc. c 856, 201 W L 294749,a *3( M d. a 31 201 (uotngDizv. a rRes.Gr ,649 2 t D. J n. , 2) q i a J aua t p. . F. zd 1 43,1 ( D. a. supp. 3 355 S. Fl 2009) (ntr lquottonmaksomitd) ) i ena ai r te . Dee n ' rla onThor v. lRetrton Svc .I .448F. 1 ( 1hCi. fnda ts eince ne A1 soai s.nc, 3d 264 1 t r 2006) i miplce l Thor a e oy br ts tunde t i vi c r e ,s s a d. n ne, n mpl ee ough ui r he ndi dual oveag p o so oft FLSA .l t c s ofhi dutes t e pl epur ha edt sne ded f r viins he n he our e s i , he m oye c s ool e or hs o a t elc l meDe t Th e ly r a pae tyac n t cinc mp n , st ij b t h o a Ho po . e mpo e , p rnl o snlto o a y wa he e us r oft t s The i s w a w he he a e pl e' pur has oft t s a a l a , nnd e he ool . s ue s t r n m oye s c e he ool t oc l i sat H om e D e s or r nder d hi s t c e l l nga d i c m e c ' o br ng hi w ihi te pot t e e e m ufi i nty s ge n om r e' t i e m t n t s r oft FLSA ' i vi lc r ge pr son. 1 a 1 he phe e he S ndi dua ove a ovi i d. t 265. The El ve h Cic t e nt r ui Cour ofAppe s f und t ti w asnot I a 1 t al o ha t . d t 267. The c s be or t Cour ,how e r i a e f e he t ve , s r diy di tngui ha e H e e Shom o a l gest tDe e ntpur has d a num berofgoo f om ea l s i s bl . r , le ha f nda c e ds r o ofs a e,s h asbee ,w i a o he f t f ,a s t n pa tc pa e i s li t e ut t t uc r ne, nd t r oods uf s nd he he ri i t d n e lng hos g oodst t uli t c ume s t c t r oft r tur t o he tmae ons r ,he usome s he esa an .TAC !27.Ast Thor he ne co trc ze dl ou t ditng s bewe nmec nswhobrngco reacos sae ur e ogni d,dcl rs si uih t e rha t i mmec r s tt lnesf s ea t uli ae c um e ,whom e ey pur has goodst tpr vi usym o d i i or al nd he tm t ons r rl c es ha e o l ve n i e sa e c m e ce f i r s a e us .' Thor 448 F. d a 1 nt r t t om r or nt a t t e ' ne, 3 t 267. Her ,J orw a no t e uni s t he uli a e co um e oft goodst tta le i i e sa e c m e ce Ra he ,p was sm pl tm t ns r he ha r ve l d n nt r t t om r . t r i y a t ri e m e a y i t c i ofc m e c ,i i i r e ntt tDef ndan ' s e t no he nt r di r n he ha n om r e' t s r el va ha e t s al s o r t ur tpa r w e e wholy i r s a e. Bu pe ha m or i po t nty,e n i J orwe p esa an tons r l nt a t t t r ps e m r a l ve f uni r t uli a e c um e oft f t f , ha w oul s ilno pr c ude t a i a i oft he tm t ons r he oods uf s t t d tl t e l he pplc ton he FLSA unde an e t r i e c r ge t y. Dol v. dd Felow sH om e Endow m en Bd. 91 r n e pr s ove a heor e O l t , 2 ne s a gel na t o he a s or he F. 68 695( h Ci.1 .l s ,Thor i lr y i pposie t t f ct bef et 2d 9, 4t r 990) n um Cour. t H e e, he TA C a l est tJ or i pore c r a n goods f om outofs a e. I a s r t leg ha uni m t d e t i r t t t lo a l ge t tt e goodsw e e s d t r t ur n c t e s utlz ng t l borofPl n ifan he le s ha hos r ol o esa a t us om r ii i he a ai tf d r c wor r .Fi ly,i a l st tJ ni ha g os a nu s l ofatl s $500, 2 Se o- ke s nal t lege ha u or d r s n al aes ea t 000. e TAC ! Thi i alt ti r quiedt brngacam unde t FLSA' e e iec rge 27. s s l ha s e r o i li r he S ntmrs ovea pr son.See 29U. C.jj s,206. ovii S. 203() The TA C' FLSA cl m aleg s fc e f c st m e tt te e prs c S ai l es uf i i nt a t o e he t nt r i e over ge 'c a m , a ' li a woul lkey s vveam o i t dimis Ac or ngl t Cour tndst tShomo' nd d i l ur i ton o s s . c di y, he t i ha s pr opos d mne e t Count1 w oul notbe f ie l lg oft shol ng,t Cou tde i e ndm nt o 1 d utl . n i ht hi di he r clnes t a r sD e e nt s ot rar e sast Countl . 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A st Cou tnot i ispr vi o ni di m i sng Cou 1 ofShom o' Sec Am e d he r ed n t e ous pi on s s i nt 1 s ond nde Com pl nt a B o m an c a m m a notle f r lgi dicrm i i n be a e f e dom o r lgi ai , w li y i or e i ous s i nato c us r e f e i on 2Dee a ta g sta û an ifsalg to t a Dee n ha g os s lsof$5 0,00o mor f l t fnd n r ue h tt itf' le ain h t fnda t d r s ae pl 0 0 r e ais o s how FLSA cove rage becaus i i a bar r t ton oft sat or r r e ts e ecia i he t ut y equiementa l a f ct t t nd acks ny a s ha mih gv ipa sbly a rq ie b teI b ltn ad' De. Og . .Dee d n mic ntu sh g t ie t lu iii , s e urd y h q a sa d r . f' p 7 fn a t so sre te t ' s I qbalsxnda d. Ast Cour haspr ousy not i eval i am oton t dim i ,t Courtsdut i t r a he t evi l ed, n uatng l o s ss he ' y s t I att entr Com pl ntt de e m i w he herornoti pl bl as ersa cl m f r i . Se o ook he ie ai o t r ne t t ausi y s t ai or elef e M em .Op.5-6,J 1 201 ECF No.39.Consi i t TA C a a whol t Cour fndst tShom o un. , 2, derng he s e, he t i ha hasplusbl sat a cl m f r i undert FLSA and woul t lkel s ve am oton t dim is a i y t ed ai or elef he d hus i y urvi i o s s Countl .l ,ofcour e,durngt cour eofdicove y,evi l f s i he s s r dencears i catngt Def ies ndi i hat endantdoesnot me theFLS Sj rs iton lrquie nt, f n n ma p o ry s e s mmayj dg n o t t et A' u idci a e rme s De e da t y r pe l e k u r u me t n ha bass. i 8 i s cii ly pr e t d by t Vigi a HumanRiht Ac .M e .Op.13,J 1 201 ECF s pe fcal ot c e he r ni g s t m un. , 2, N o. Eve asa e 39. n m nded,CountI lw o d no s r i a m oton t di m i s A c or ngl t I ul t u v ve i o s s . c di y, he Cour tndst tShom o' pr ti ha s opos d n e e t Cou I1 woul be f tl a wilde lne t e m ndm nt o nt 1 d u ie nd l c i o al w he t a nd t tcount lo r o me ha . I . V C oncl on usi Fort f e ng r as ,Shom o' M oton f rLe ve t A m e i G R AN TED i pa ta he or goi e ons s i o a o nd s n r nd DENI i pa t Shom o m a a e Count1 ofhe Com pl nt butno Count11 A n ED n r . y m nd 1 r ai , t 1. a r pr a e Or r s l i s t s da pp o i t de ha l s ue hi y. ENTER: s ( Thi d yo J l, 0 2 a f uy 2 1 . 2 : ' rU nie St t D i ti t d a es s rc dg e