Global Crossing Telecommunications, Inc. v. NTELOS TELEPHONE, INC., No. 7:2011cv00503 - Document 54 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 6/1/12. (eot)
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CLERK' OF CEU. DI COURT S FI S. ST. AT ROANOKE, VA FIED L I T H E U NI N TED STA TE S D I STRI T CO UR T C FO R TH E W EST ER N D I STR I T O F V I G I I C R N A RO AN O K E D I ISIO N V G LO BAL CR O SSIN G TELECO M M UN I TI N S,I . CA O NC , Pl ntf , ai if J C 12 1 UN 22 #ULA L BY; D RK LE Ci lA c i N o.7: c 00503 vi ton 11- vM EM O M N D UM O PI IO N N N TELO S TELEPH O N E,I C . N D ef endant . By:Sam uelG .W is l on Unied St esD i t ctJudge t at s ri Thi i a a tonbypli ifGl lCr sngTeec s s n ci antf oba osi l ommuniai ,I (û obal c tons nc.tGl Cr sig'b d fn a tnr lsTee h n , n . d Teo ' p ru n t t eCo nc to sAc o sn ' y e e d n 'eo lp o e l c (( ls' u s a t o h mmu iain t ) n ) of 1 4, V igi a s a e l w , a va i ust rf s a l gi t tn'e osove c r ed Gl bal 93 1 r ni t t a nd r o a if , le ng ha r l r ha g o Cr sngf l l(oitypr deds t a ces' e vce . n'eoshasfldamoto t sa osi or oca ( n l ovi wich c s's r i sz r l j ie in o ty t ca e a r f ri t t Fe r lCom m u c tons Com m i s on unde t doc rne ofprm ar he s nd e e t o he de a ni a i si r he t i i y j iditon.Gl lCr sngoppos st moi Be a et FCC posese auniue urs ci oba osi e he ton. c us he s ss q e rie i t shi hl s c ai edfed, nd be us t r ol i oft sma trwili ve xpe ts n hi g y pe i lz il a ca e he es uton hi te l nvol q tonsoft c c f c t ni o i t y sa r , he c tw ilgr ntn'kl 'm o i ues i e hni al a t ur ng n ndusr t nda ds t our l a T os ton, s a t sm a t r a r f r i t t FCC f rr s u i t y hi te , nd e e t o he o e ol ton. Gl Cr sng i at e m muni tonsc ni rpr di l dit nces r i st obal os i s elco cai a e ovi ng ong- sa e vce o c t e stloughou t Unied St t .The c usom r lr t he t aes ompa pr dest e s r c t oug isown ny ovi hos e vies hr h t f c lte a t ough ts ic d ac es s r c ' i pr ur s fom c pa es lke n' l ,whi h a iii s nd hr dw t he c s e vi es' t oc e r om ni i re os c 1 U S C j l 1e s q.a a n db t Tee o niainsAc o 1 6 Pu L 1 104 47 5 t e , s me de y he lc mmu c to t f 99 b. 04. 110 St t 56. a. 2G l Cr sng fl isorgi com pl nti f alcour i t Easer DititofV igi a. obal os i ied t i nal ai n eder t n he t n src r ni Thepa t sltrfldaj ntmotont dimist eo ii l f n n , ri ae ie oi e i o s s h rgna dee da t LumosNe wo ks Ic.a dn'el t r , n ; d r os asa def nda ;a tanservenue t t W eser Diti ofV igi a. e nt nd r f o he t n srct r ni . a ek o a Co a e c a g c ni r. l s mec s s s the a c s ij ityp o ie b r n wn s t c l x h n e a e s' n o ae , wi d c e s s on l r vd d y l ' c t lc l x h ng c ni r, sr iek o a Conl p o i e s the a c s'o C PS ' wo o a e c a e a es a e vc n wn s j ity r v d d wi d c e s' rI A. c J ' Loc le ha c r i r c r l di t nc ca re s f r s ic d a es ,J a xc nge a r e s ha ge ong- s a e r i r o w t he cc s PSA oro he wi e, t r s by r f r nce t a lk c s s vi e r que t' a s resoft r fs. The a ce s s vi e r eee o t i ce s er c e s ' and e i a a if S c s er c eque ti a s s fl-n-he- a f m by whih al - sanc c re or r s t he ac s fom al al ili t bl nk or c ong dit e arir de s wic d ce s r oc e ha c ni . And t t rf s esa i h,a ong ot rt ngs t a i abl m ie ge a t xc nge a er he a if t bls m he hi , he pplc e l a s nd he bilng pe c nt ge t whi h ea h l ca e ha ca re i e il d f J li re a o c c o l xc nge r i r s ntte or PSA s r c . Thet r fs e vi es a if , i t n,a e i e pr t d w ih r f r nc t t M uli e Exc nge Ca rerA c s G ui lne a n ur r nt r e e t e e e e o he tpl ha ri ce s de i s nd i t y sanda ds ndus r t r . Gl obalCr sng ale t t i a efor t r ut l di t nc c ls t W a ne bor os i l ges ha , n n f t o o e ong- s a e a l o y s o, V i g ni ,i o de e t o s r c s f om l a exc nge ca r e s Fi s ,i o de e a t gh c pa iy r i a t r r d w e vi e r oc l ha zi r . r t t r r d c hi a c t s r i e ' t e n Roa e v c ' be w e noke V igi a a St unt V igi a t be pr vi d by V e i on Vi g ni , , r ni nd a on, r ni , o o de rz ri a I . t s e ow ne oft s xt e ghtm ie t l om m uni a i r e be w ee Roa nc- he ol r he i y- i - l e ec c tons out t n noke a nd St un on. Sec a t ond,G l lCr sng or r s ve a l w e - pa iy s r c s be w ee St unt oba os i de ed e r l o r ca c t e vi e t n a on a dW a n s o o t b j ityp o ie b Veio a dnr l s Veio a dnT l s rd n y e b r ,o e on l r v d d y rz n n 'eo . rz n n 'eos hae ow ne s p oft t e ve- ie r e be w e n St unt n a W a s o' e i on ow ne t yr hi he w l m l out t e a o nd yne bor , r z V dm tz e pe ce oft r e,whie n' l owned f t s ve pe c nt Acc di t G l l lr e r nt he out l re os or y- e n r e . or ng o oba Cr s ng, erz f t m os pa t c r ty c r d Gl ba Cr s ng f t hi c pac t os i V i on, or he t r , or ec l ha ge o l os i or he gh- a iy s r i e f om Roa ke t St unt a f V e i n' pori oft l e - pa t s r i f o e vc r no o a on nd or rzo s ton he ow r ca ciy e v ce r m 3The t if applcabl i t scas a e t V igi a Tel arfs i e n hi e r he r ni ephone Com pani V igi a Acc Tarf es' r ni ess if No. I 2, CORE, n F. C. 2IICORE 25, reo Newor I . C. No. Naina Exc n l c. C. No. C I ' n' ls t k nc S. C. 3, to l ha ge ) Ca re Asocain No. CC rir s ito 4 NECA 45, ndNaina Exc a eCare Aso ito No. CE ' a ) to l h ng rir s ca in 5 NECA 5' . ' ) The NECA 4 t rf es ihesSr epais'and bilng per ager r ent f i er a if ubls tout r' li cent equiem s or nt connec i tng s t ,i udi t bilng per a f t Roanoke- aynes o r e and t St onwiches ncl ng he li cent ges or he W bor out he aunt W aynes o r e. The I bor out CORE 2 a NECA 5 t if alow each com pany pr di acces s vi t nd arfs l ovi ng s er ces o s r el bilcusom er f isporton oft s vi pr ded,a t s f t f epa at y l t s or t i he er ce ovi nd hey peciy he onnul by whi a ch n-el m us cal ae ispe m i em ieage. r os t cult t r- nut l St unt n a W a a o nd ynes o. n' l ,howe r a l ge y c z d G l lCr sng f rusng a bor re os ve , le dl ha ge oba os i o i Roa noke t W a - o- ynes o t l om m u c tonsr ut i whi h i owned a ni t t e pe c nt bor e ec ni a i o en c t ne y-hr e r e s a a no t pi ce ea r ut i o der d f om V e i on a n' l . Cons que l n'e os t ke, nd t he e m l o e t r e r rz nd re os e nty, r l a l gedl bil d G l lCr sng f ni t t e pe c ntofa e g y- ie r e i t d o le y le oba os i or ne y-hr e r e n i ht m l out , ns ea f f t s ve pe ce ofa t e ve m ie r e Tha bilng dec s on,G l ory- e n r nt w l - l out . t li ii obalCr s ng c a m s os i l i , r ule i mor t n $5 000ofexc sl a - c es c r . es t d n e ha 00, es oc la c s ha ges The pa te do note i e y a e on t na ur oft sdi put . On t one ha Gl l ris ntr l gr e he t e hi s e he nd, oba Cr sngale t tn' l i eiher()notpr di t Roa t W ayne bor sr esfr osi lges ha Feos s t 1 ovi ng he noke o s o e dc o whihii bi ig ( )bligf rasr ie ta n'eosi p o iigb t owhc Glb l o sn c t s l n , 2 il o ev c s h t r l s r vdn u t ih o a Cr sig l n ha no s ci d,or( c c ai t bili o rya c di t t a ia et if.( e s t ubsrbe 3) alultng he l mpr pe l c or ng o he pplc bl arfs Se Am.Co . E. F. 27- . Ont ot rha n'el c r trz t cuxoft diput mpl4, C. No. 1) he he nd, r os haace ies he r he s e a aquetonofnai i tysa r f or rngandbilngJ sr c .( o.oSty s si tonalndusr tndads or dei li PSA evies M tt a 1 E. F. 31) Andi ismos rc ntflng,Glba Cr sngha r pondedt n'kl ' , C. No. . n t t e e ii o l osi s es o T os m oton t s a by r c r c e i i t diput asd he a i to oft pl i l ngua oft i o ty e ha a t r z ng he s e ' pplca i n he a n a t ge he trfs'oS l rfct.'( p.oMott Sty2,E. F. 38. aif't d ea a s' Res t c .o a C. No. ) l I. n'kl ha m ove t cou tt sa t sa ton a r e i t t FCC unde t doc rne T os s d he r o ty hi ci nd ef r t o he r he ti o prmayj idito agui t tt sdiput i vest ki ofhi ytc c is f i r urs cin, r ng ha hi s e nvol he nd ghl e hnialsues w ihi t FCC' pa tc a f e d o e r ie. G l lCr s ng a g t tt s c e r vol s t n he S ri ul r i l f xpe ts oba os i r ues ha hi as e ve a o t t ofsa ut y a c r ti e r tton welwihi t c r und he ype tt or nd ontac nt m ea i l t n he onve i e re e ntonal xpe i nc off de a di t i tco t . The c t i t tt di put i e r s s i s sofhi hl t c c l e r l sr c urs our fnds ha he s e nde d ai e s ue g y e hni a , i usr - t nda d- nde f d st ta e notw ihi t c ts c nd t y s a r depe nt a ha r t n he our ' onve i le r e , but ntona xpe i nce whi h f l s r l wihi t FCU' s calze e re e e rie,a i i . c al qua ey t n he S pe i i d xpe i nc , xpe ts nd nsght A c or ngl t c twils a t a to and r f ri t t FCC. c di y, he our l t y he c i n e e t o he Th d crn o prmayj rs ito e a lsac u tu d ra p o it cru tnc s t e o tie f i r u id cin n b e o r, n e p r prae ic msa e ,o S ef r' era n i s t a ad i sr tve a nc a t n say t pr e ngs o di m i st i e ' c t i s ues o n m ni ta i ge y nd he t he oce di r r s s he c s wih u p eudc .Se Retrv. o e, 0 U. 2 8 2 8-9( 9 3 .Th d crn a e t o t rj ie e ie Co p r 5 7 S. 5 , 6 -6 1 9 ) e o tie S l a f de a c t o r f ama t e e ngbe l ows e r l our t e er al ter xtndi yond t ç onve i le re esof he c ntona xpe inc j g s o tal gwi nt ram o a miitaieds rto ' oa a miitaiea e ywih ud e ' r fli t he e l f d nsrtv icein t n d n srtv g nc t n hi m o e s ci lz expe i e,e r ie,a i i . N a ' Com m c' A s ' v. T& T,46 F. d r pe a i ed renc xpe ts nd nsght' tl ' ns s n A 3 220,222 ( Ci.1 ( i Fa E.Confrnc v. t Stt ,3 U. 570,57 -23 2d. r 995) quotng r ee e Unied aes 42 S. 4 ( 9 2 ) Ge rly c u t a pyp i r j rs ito i c s siv l igtc n c li tiae 1 5 ). neal, o rs p l rmay u idcin n a e n o vn e h ia,nrc t que to off c a polc t tCongr sha as i d t a pa tc ara nc I The e i , s i ns a t nd i y ha es s sgne o ri ul ge y. d. r s h we e,tofx df r l . .o a py n t ed crneo p i r j rs it n. En t. c o v r C ie o mu a . f r p li g h o ti f rma y u idci ' vl Te h. n o ' Counclv.SiraCl 98F. 7 78 ( hCi.1 ( tngUnie Sttsv.W . c. R. i er ub, 3d 74, 9 4t r 996) quoi td ae Pa R. Co.352U. 59,64( 956). , S. 1 ) To f ust a l i ,c t ofe e pl a f ur f t t t oc he na ys s our s t n m oy o - ac or es : ()wh t rteq eto a is ei wi i tec n e t na e peinc o j g s 1 ehe h u sin t su s t n h o v ni l x re e f ud e h o orw he heri i ve t c c lo polc c i r tonsw ihi t a t t nvol s e hni a r i y ons de a i t n he genc s y' pari ul rf e d ofe ri e; tc a i l xpe ts ( whehe t quetona is i pa tc al wihi t age y' dic ei 2) t r he si t sue s riulry t n he nc s sr ton; ( whehert r e ssas t talda rofi onsse r i ;a 3) t he e xit ubsani nge nc itnt ulngs nd ( wheheraprora iai t t a nc hasbe nma 4) t i pplc ton o he ge y e de. Na ' Commc' As ' 46F. a 222;Ce .Te . ofVa. Sprn Comm c' Co.of tl ns sn, 3d t nt l Co. v. i t ns Va.759F.Supp. 772,78 ( D. 2011.Thedocrnei pa tc al a o it , 2d 6 E. Va. ) ti s riulzy pprprae when t i sue i ves t he s nvol echni ques i off tbound up w ih an assess entof cal tons ac t m i tysa r .Se Na rv. l he Ailne .l ,426U. 290,3 (1 76) ndusr tnda ds e de Alec nv ri s nc. S. 05 9 ) TotlTelc a e omm.Svc .l v. Tel& Te.Co.91 F. pp.472, ( D. s. nc. Am. . l , 9 Su 480 D. C. 1 (t si i vi sa di typr tc ss dalobee e ti dbyt 996) û tons nvol ng tndar ndusr acie houl s oue ntrane he FCC.'ctngRi iv. .M ec ntl Exc , U. 289,305( 973).l a c e, '(ii cc Chi ra ie h.409 S. 1 )) n ny as t de i i n t a y t doc rne i a m a t rl f t t d s r to oft t i lc t Se he c s o o ppl he t i s te e t o he i c e i n he r a our . e Envt. h.Counc l 98 F. a 78 l Tec i, 3d t 9. W iht tg da i mi t c tt nst t ( t ha ui nce n nd,he our ur o he known)fcsoft scaea a t hi s nd c ude t tr f r alt t FCC i a o i t be a e t que t o i t s c e a e not oncl s ha e e r o he s ppr pra e c us he s i ns n hi as r wihi t c tsco ntona e re ea a e i t a we ls t t FCC t n he our' nve i l xpe inc nd r nse d l-uied o de e m i ton.4 W hie t pa te d not a l s pr s n l ag ee on t que tons t r na i l he ri s o t ea t e e ty r he s i e s i i t sca e i i c ea t t c t ha wha e rt que to i w ilne s ia e a xitng n hi s , t s l r o he our t t t ve he s i n, t l ce st t f c ua de e m i to ofpr ci e y whatGl balCr sng or r d fom l le ha a t l t r na i n e sl o os i de e r oca xc nge c e s nre osa V e i on. Spe fca l t r m us be s m e fndi a t w he he ani r ' l nd r z cii ly, he e t o i ng s o t r G l lCr s ng or r d St unt W a s o s r ce orRo oba os i de e a on- yne bor e vi anoke W a - ynes o s r i . bor e v ce Se ti t tf tlng ha unda e aldi put w ilr qui e a i e pr t ton ofG l lCr sng' m nt s e l e r n nt r e a i oba os i s a e ss r i r ques ,whi h w ili t n r s que tonsofi usr cus om sa cc s e v ce e t c l n ur aie s i nd t y t nd pr c i es Eve Gl lCr s ng' o n e a tc . n oba os i s w xper s ysasm uc C ) i i s a r ta h: d y gnor ng t nda d l i t y bilng pr c i es a c m on a i a i oft N ECA t rf si t ndus r li a tc nd om pplc ton he a i f n he itr rtto o AS ,(-eos sg iia t o eb lsGlb l osig' ( p r Re r n ep eain f RS nl l ) infc n l v ril o a Cr sn . Ex e t po t y ' 6 E. F. 31 1. -7, C. No. - ) 4The pa i agr t tt y have m a no proragenc applca i . And,att sr atvel eary rtes ee ha he de i y i ton hi el i y l s a i t cas i i uncl whe hert cour ' opi on woul r ul i a dangerofi t ge n he e, t s ear t he ts ni d es t n nconssentr i . it ulngs W hl t s t f cor wei i fvo o rtie u idcin,he aefro weg db tefrtt ie he e wo a t s gh n a r f ean dj rs ito t y r a ut ihe y h is wo Na onalCommuni i f or ti catons act s. Afe m a ngt ti talf c ua de e nai t d ii m a rm us dic m tr ki ha nii a t l t nui ton,he ecson ke t se how n'kl s d be c r ng Gl ba Cr sngunde t a i a etrfss Tha T os houl ha gi o l os i r he pplc bl a if . t que ton,oo,equie r erncet i tysa r ise ton2. 7( oft I si t r rs ef e o ndusr tndads:d ci 4. B) he CORE 2 a N ECA 5 t rf spr de t t... bil r nde i c pany ç l r nde t bili nd a if ovi s ha a l- e rng om wil e r he l n a or nc wih t i tysa r .' ( Compl5,E. F. 27- )( i cc da e t he ndusr tnda ds'' Am. . C. No. 1 quotng I CORE 2andNECA 5 .Andl ewor i atrf aeusdi ape ularortchnia ) s wher ds n aif r e n c i e cl s ns ,mz w he e e rnsc e denc i nec s a y t de e m i t rm ea ng o pr per e e d r xt i i vi e s e s r o t r ne hei ni r o a ia i s t tçhei l i e s ntal oneoff c a ofdic e i i tchnial pplc ton, o ha t nquiy s s e i ly a t nd s r ton n e c matrrt n t is oftrf a iai mus ... t t (ge .'W .Pac. R. tes'he he sue aif pplc ton t go o he a ncyl' R. Co.352U. a 66( i Gr tN.Rv.Co. M ec nt'ElvaorCo.25 U. 285, , S. t quotng ea v. rha s e t , 9 S. 29 ( 9 2 ) S c d tr n to sa eie c e o dn rl u nvou n u a d 1 1 2 ). u h ee mi ai n r t a h d r iaiy po lmi o s n r co lc i e d e, ort a nfi tng vi enc f he dequa e a e i to ofw hi h ac i a w ih m a t ppr c a i n c qua nt nce t ny i rca e f t ...i i s ns bl ,a s h ac ua nt nc i c m onl t be f nti t ac s s ndi pe a e nd uc q i a e s om y o ound onl y i abodyofex rs' l ( tngGra N. Co.259U. a 291. n pe t.' d. quoi e t Rv. , S. t ) I i notditc tt i agi a pr f i ofa tona i s . W he he orno t e ts fi ul o m ne o us on ddii l s ues t r t hos addii nali s s i e a i e, he i s t ta ece t n t a i e a t i ac om pa ng to s ue nde d r s t s ues ha r r ai o r s , nd he r c nyi hi hl t c c lf c ua de enni tons i e r bl a t y a e f o i t y sanda ds g y e hni a a t l t na i - ns pa a e s he r r m ndusr t r a c t s m a i pl i t t s c t ha r f r a t t FCC i t pr r c r e 6 nd us om ke t a n o hi our t t e e r l o he s he ope ou s . 5Gl Cr sng i notcont tngt r ebei c r , butn'el aleged r us t obal os i s esi he at ng ha ged r os' l ef al o rc gnz t Sa no W a sor ruea av i r t u de tefr e o ie he tu tn- yneb o o t s ald oue n r h t l z 6G l balCr sng a guest tn'kl wai isrghtt se r eralt t FCC by f lng t o os i r ha I os ved t i o ek ef r o he aii o r s i i isorgi a wer How e ,r f r t t FCC i notteaed asan a t m atvedef eand i aie t n t i nal ns . ver e eral o he s r t fir i ens s commonl m ade afe pa taldicover I e y c e t pli ifciesi whih r f alwasdeni as y tr ri s y. n ver as he antf t n c e ened wai r eralwasnotr quesed untleiherappealorafe t i ha begun. The cour fndst n' os ved, ef r e t i t tr ral d t i hat rel hasnotwai isrghtt s r f r . ved t i o eek e eral Glba Cr snga s camsr fra woudbec ntayt t a nsr tono j tc be a esx o l os i lo li e er l l o rr o he dmiitai f usie c us i mont ha pas ed,dicover hascommence a adm i sr tve r vi t caly t hs ve s s y d, nd nita i e ew ypi l akes l rt n onge ha j iil e e No oft s a s rinsi a ywa dif rn it Glba Cr sng' crumsa e fom udca r viw. ne he e se to n n y fee tae o l osi s ic tnc s r 11 1. The i s i t s c e w ili ve t de e m i ton ofhi hl t hni lf c s a t s ues n hi as l nvol he t r na i g y ec ca a t , nd he de e m i to oft e f ct w ili t n i ve c r f r e e e t i ty s a r a t r na i n hos a s l n ur nvol a e ul ef r nc o ndusr t nda ds nd cusom s Gl Cr sng' own a e d c t . obal os i s m nde ompl i and e pe t e r s ant x r r po t how a m uc Such s h. m a t r a e no w ihi t c te s r t t n he onve i le r e e oft s c t and t c t ilt r o e g a ntona xpe i nc hi our , he our w l he ef r r nt n'kl moton t sa a r f rt sm a trt t FCC. l os' i o t y nd e e hi te o he = ' ) E nt June 1,2012. er: A UN I TED STA TES D I STRI J GE CT UD t e ofa numberofot rt ecom muni i compani f ci r eral Thecourtfndst r eral hos ny he el catons es a ng ef r . i hat ef r wo dno b c n rr t t ea mi srtono j tc ul t e o tay o h d nitai f usie.