-RSB Woodhouse v. Ray, No. 7:2011cv00462 - Document 37 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 6/21/2012. (tvt)
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CL S OFFI .U S OI ) COUR' ERK' Cf ! S' . I AT ROANOKL, VA FIED L J 212 1 U. 22 I THE UNI N TED STATES DI UCT CO URT STI FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R O A NO K E D I ISIO N V V I CEN T LA M O N T W O O DH O U SE , N J A C.DUD ULI LERM BY: DEP CL E CA SE N O .7: 11CV 00462 Pl nt f , ai i f M EM O M N D U M O PI O N M VS. TR A CY S.I Y ,W A RD EN , u By: Jam es C.Turk Seni Uni St esD i ri Judge or ted at st ct D ef endant . V i e La ontw oodhous a Vi gi a i a e pr e ng pr K ,fl t sc vi rght nc nt m e, r ni nm t oce di o ied hi i l i s . a tonpurua tt 42U. C.j1 3,algi t tt defnda , a y S. y,fr rwade of ci s n o S. 98 le ng ha he e ntTrc Ra ome r n Re Oni St t Prs n,f ie t pr e thi fom ga me be st thec d noti ntf d on a e io al d o ot c m r ng m r ha oul de iy. Ra tldamoinf rs mmayj dg n .W o d o s rs nd dt Ra smoina fldh s y ie to o u r u me t o h u e e po e o y' to nd i i e ownmotonf s i or ummayj me . 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ECF 23- , 8) 6 ncudes oce e c io m a r que tt ha ot i a esde i t d a hi e m i s fom whom t pr s ners d be y e s o ve her nm t s gna e s s ne e r he i o houl 1 Thec r fndsbo hmo insf rs mmayj dg n t b rpef dipo iin.W oo ho e ou t i t to o u r u me t o e i or s sto d us moved f pr or oduc i ofdocument r at t acl sfca i he i conduct d a Powhat ton s el ed o as ii ton arng e t an CorectonalCe er i udi e r i nt , ncl ng nemy s mar f mst thecom pl ed t ewhi alegedl 1 t hi um y or ha et her ch l y ed o s ta se t Re Onc Ra fldamo in frp oe tv o d ra obe to t t edic e y agung r n f r o d im. y ie to o r tcie r e nd j cins o h s ov r , r i t tW oodhous f l t de onsr e why t Powhat document ar r e ha e ais o m tat he an s e elvantt hi cl m t tRa o s ai ha y f l t pr ectW oodhous atRe Oni The cour fndsmertt t ar aied o ot e d on. ti i o he gumentand wils t n Ray' l usai s o j cina dimist emotonf rpr tcieo de a moo . b e to nd s s h i o oe tv r r s t e i d i s par t f c ltes onfne n e a e a iii .The e m y p o dur r quiest prs rt pr de s tc e t ne r ce e e r he i one o ovi ufi i n i or a i a nf m ton boutt c a m e e y,i udi a nn e a ot ri ntf ng i or a i n,s he l i d nem ncl ng m nd he de iyi nf m to o t tpr sm of i a sm a c ha i t fci l y onduc a i s i ton t de e m i t va i t ofa pot nta t e t t n nve tga i o t r ne he ldiy ny e i l hr a t ale d ene y st ton pos s a t de e ne t be tc s ofac i l s i t r m us he l ge m iua i e nd o t nni he s our e ton. nve tga o s t s e o doc en e evi nce r l t t t ale e m y s t ton, nc udi i or a i e k ut um t d de e a ed o he l ged ne iua i i l ng nf m ton r eve fom safme sandr la eofe wine s (nco i nce,i tt i l ec i d r tf mber eibl fnder t ses i nfde ) nsiutona icd n r p rso ds i iay c ag r c r s c u t e o d , n ji r c r s Th ivetg tng n ie t e o t r icpl r h r e e o d , o r r c r s a d al e o d . e n siai n o f c r s i or a i a a r co m e ton f a S e s pa a e ' de m us be r vi w e f r f i e ' nf m ton nd ny e m nda i or s p e r t ' or r ke t e e d o a ovalbyt I tt i lCls ii tonAuhort (CA) t fciiyuni he a fnal ppr he nsiutona a sfcai t iy l ,he a lt t ad, nd i ly, t Ce ta Cls ii tonSer ce ( .Oncei tsa edoc nt a e mi t ough he nrl a sfcai vi s CCS) nmae r ume ed s ne es hr t spr es ,t y ma beho e a t s mef ciiy o y whe eC qua es c iy r src i hi oc s he y us d t he a a lt nl r t ade t e urt e titons pr ve t m f om e r c i i c a tw ih ea h ot re pti a c os l m onior d a e ' e nt he r ve om ng n ont c t c he xce n l e y t e r a. ' (d. tp.6 W he a i t se mydesg tonrque ti de e i her us t la t l a ) n n nmae' ne inai e s s nid, f ef es o e ve he s gr a i t ta r t n t ge r lpopulton, ma r m an i s gr to buthewilbe e eg ton mi nd e ur o ne a a i he y e i n e egai n, l c r edwih adici i r ofe e. ha g t s plna y f ns W oodhous s a e t the w a once a m em be ofa wele t t s ha s r lknow n ga t Bl ,but ng, he oods a t rhe c fe onve t d t l l , r nounc d gang lf . Att tm e he fl t sl w s t W oodhous r e o s am he e e ie he i ied hi a ui, e w a hous d i t s gr to a e a Re O ni whe e he w a on l kdow n 23 hour pe da s e n he e ega i n r a t d on, r s oc s r y f hi ow n pr e i n. W oodhous be i ve how e r t the s ul be m ove t mz t r or s ot cto e le d, ve , ha ho d d o o he prs n w ih a pr e tve c t uni whi h i pos s l sr t i tve lvi condii f i a e io t ot c i usody t c m e es esr c i i ng tons or nm t s wihsft c r lkehi.( No. p. Thr houtt mo hofDe e r201 t aey oncens i s ECF 2, 3) oug he nt c mbe 0, W oodhous advi hi Red Oni couns or M s.Kegl t he w as no l e sed s on el , ey, hat onger a gang m e be , nd t tonce hi def o fom t g ng be m e know n t o he ga m e be s a l m r a ha s edi n r he a ca o t r ng m r , l Bl m e be s i t s a e ofV igi a woul t y t kilhi unl s he was s ntt a pr ec i ood m r n he t t r ni dr o l m es e o ot tve c t uni. K egl y t no a ton t g tW oodho e r as i usody t e ook ci o e us e sgned t a pr e tve cus ody uni. o ot c i t t D i s t s i w ih K e ey' i c i W ood s a i fed t gl s na ton, hous f l d a i onna com pl i o e ie n nf l a nt n D e e be 31 201 e a ni hi ne d f pr ec i n. l r s c m r , 0, xpl i ng s e or ot to n e pons a of i e pr de e, n f c r ovi d W oodhous w ih an û e t ç Enem y Sum m ar Fonn. W ood y ' ' hous f led o t f m ,ls i $ l e il ut he or i tng $ Al Bl ' a hi e m i , ga i t K e ey f pr es i on J nua y 20, 1 W ood us oods ' s s ne es and ve t o gl or oc s ng a r 201 . ho e al o i l s nc uded s e ni kna esa l ga na eson a a t c entt t f m . Keg e a l ged y om c m nd e l m n ta hm o he or l y le l ie eg a i va e anua y 27, 2011 r r us d t pr es W oodhous ' f m , s he fl d a r ul rgre nc on J ef e o oc s e s or 2 o , c ani t thi e myfr ha notbee p oc se ac or ngt VDOC r ultons( ompli ng ha s ne om d n r e sd c di o eg ai ECF No. p. .W ade Ra is t Leve 1r pons i Mach2011 deemi ngt giva e 2, 4) r n y sued he l es e n r , tr ni he re nc t be unf o ounde a a s ng W oodhous t the nee d t ls t s ii na e ofhi d nd dvi i e ha de o it he pec f c m s s e m i s on t Ene y Sum m a y For . W oodhous a pe l t sr pons co pl ni t the ne e he m r m e p a ed hi es e, m ai ng ha ha pr vi d Ke e wih s eBl me be s na e a t ti wa i d o de gl y t om ood m r ' m s nd ha t s mpos i ef hi t ls sbl or m o it t na e ofa lBl m e be s i V igi a l t Apr l2011 Le 1 r pons t r gi l he m s l ood m r n r ni . n he i vel 1 es e, he e ona diect uphel t LevelIf ndi r or d he i ng. W ood us a s fl d a r q s f m t K e e i J nuar 2011 a ki t be t a f r e ho e l o ie e ue t or o gl y n a y , s ng o r ns e r d t t 'sus e 1Pr e tve Cus ody U ni' ort be r t i d i s r ga i a Re Oni Keg e o he ç s x ot c i t t' o e a ne n eg e ton t d on. ly a vie W oodhous t thewoul t vet got oughsr t edlvi t beta fre ' ( d sd e ha dd ha o hr tucur i ng o rnserd. ECF ' No. p.1 W oodhous saest t(tuctr dlvi 'i age r popultonuni. 29, ) e tt ha t r tle i ng's neal s ai t l hi j1 c antW oo n s 983 ompli , dhous s sW ade Ra Spe ii aly,W oodhous cli e ue r n y. ctc l e ams t tRay di r r d hi 20 1 - 1e m y c a m s a r quied hi t m ove t a ge al ha s ega de s 0 201 ne l i nd e r m o o ner popul ton area atRed O ni w her W oodhous beleved hi lf w oul be i danger. ai on e e i s ie d n 2 W oodhous alegest tKegl s d,ûlm notpr si not ng, you s dn' haveI tt e l ha ey ai ç' oces ng hi houl t ef he ga glf . ( mpl3. n ie' Co . ) ' Wo odhous as e t t tRa sac i nsvi a e pr s polc a de i hi ofa s f lvi e s r s ha y' to ol t i on i y nd prve m a e i ng e r nm e . W oodhous s a e t ti Keg e a Ra pr r y pr es e t e m y s m a y nvi o nt e t t s ha f l y nd y ope l oc s d he ne um r f m , W ood or i 3 hous w oul be e i bl f rt a f rt 1 ot tve c t ' e d lgi e o r ns e o $ ec i us ody' housng. pr l rs n e pons t W ood eo hous sc a m ,Red Oni of i a sr vi w e r or and f nd no e' l i on fci l e e d ec ds ou doc nai ofa ene f msfldbyW oodhous i Dec mbe 201 ( No. -1 p. ume tton ny my or ie e n e r 0. ECF 23 , 2) Ofi al f undonee myf m co ee byW ood us onJ y26, fci s o ne or mpltd ho e ul 2009,o whihhe n c sae t a h se miswe eC I o d . 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' 56( .Forapa t se de et rieage neis ofmaera fc s tce t a d c) ry' vi nc o as nui sue t il a t ufi int o voi sl r j d me t imu tb luc t a ar a o a l j r c ul rt n av r it o ten nt mmay u g n,t s e t h h t e s n be u y o d eur ed c f r h o s movi pat ' Ande s v. be t Lobby,I .477U. 242, ( 986 .I ma ngt s ng ry. ' ron Li ry nc, S. 248 1 ) n ki hi det r i ton, she c ti r r d t vi w t f c sa dr r s bl i e e e i a lgh e m na i Et our s equie o e he a t nd aw ea ona e nf r nc s n i t mos f r bl t t nonmovi pa t ' Shaw v.Stoud,1 F. 791, ( hCi.1 . t avo a e o he ng ry. ' r 3 3d 798 4t r 994) A p t s e i s mmayj d me t e r teii a b r e o s o ngt ea s n eof m' e kng u r u g n b as h nt l u d n f h wi h b e c a y i ge neis ofmaera fct Ceoe Cor .v.Cart,477U. 31 323( 986) The t nui sue t il a . ltx p tet S. 7, 1 . n,he bur n s fs t t nonm ovi pa t t s de hit o he ng ry o how t ts h a i s doe ,i f t e s . Se ha uc n s ue s n ac , xit e 3 The VDOC ' onIne i e l orpr a i cat t M akdes i now i ar r ed at s i nmat ocat ogr m ndi es hat si s nc ce at W ale Ri St e Prs lns dge at ion. M as hiaElc.l us Co.Lt v.Ze t Ra o Cop .475U. 57 586- (1 6) Todeea tus t e nd . . d. nih di , S. 4, 87 98 . f t as p re moinf rs mmayj d me tted p n n mu t omo eta smpys o ta u po td to o u r u g n,h i po e t s d r h n i l h w h t o t r i s em e a he e s om t phys ca doubta t t m a e i f c s .... he e t r co d t ke a a w hol i l s o he t ral a t W r he e r a n s e c d notla ar tona ti off c t fnd f t nonmovi pa t t ei no ge neis oul e d ai l rer a t o i or he ng ry, her s nui s ue f ti .'Sc tv. rs 550U. 3 38 ( )( ti q tton) or ral' ot Hari, S. 72, 0 2007 omitng uoai . The Ei ht A m e g h ndm e oblga e pr s of i a st t ke r as bl pr c utons t nt i t s i on fci l o a e ona e e a i o pr e tprs ne s f o vi e a t ha ofo he prs ne s Fa m e v. e n,511 U . 25, ot c i o r r m ol nce t he nds t r i o r , r r Br nna S. 832- ( 4)( ti i enalquoai maks.A prs ralgi t tprs ofiil ha 33 199 omi ng ntr l tton r ) ione le ng ha ion fcas ve fie t ke phi r a ona y s efom ot ri t mus s t t()obeci l t prs r ald o e m e s bl af r he nmaes t how ha i j tvey,he ione wa ic reae u e c n t nsp sn as sa ta rs o sro h r a d (i s j ciey s n ac r td nd r o dio o ig ub tnil ik f eius a m n i) ube tv l, i t def ntwasde i r t y i fe e t t ec tons I a 83 he enda lbe a el ndif r nt o hos ondii . d. t 4. To e t bls t tt rs ofe sa ih ha he ik xpos et f ur ha m vi aest Eiht Ame e t t ur o ut e r ol t he g h ndm n , he rs mus bed ur orve y lke yt c us s ro il sa nee es s f rng'a gi rs t ik t c e s r i l o a e e i us lnes nd dl s ufe i ' nd ve ie o (ufiintyi nen da r. Heli v. c mzy,509U. 25,33,34- ( 993) tll r t fce l mmi t nges' lnu M Ki e s ' S. 35 1 . t- hee f mu t aiu tnil iko sro h r 'a tb e tv l it lr bers o h r ta s be s bsa ta rs f e ius am, n o j ciey n oe a l ik f am'h t p e nsp io o fcasfo p e dngt a t ywe efu jcieyb a ls f r u po e o t e rve t rs n fiil r m la i h the r s be t l lmee s o p r ss f h v Ei hAme ght ndme .' zev.Re ,553U. 35,50( )( i Fa me ,511U. a 842, nt''Ba es S. 2008 quotng r r S. t 8 a 8 n. ) 46, nd 47 9). 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W o hous alo f ist de od e s a l o monsr t t tRa kn ofand dir ga de a s t nta ta e ha y ew s e r d ny ubsa i l r s W oodhous f ce durng t s tm e pe i Ra s w onl W oodhous si or a c pl i ik e a d i hi i r od. y a y e' nf m l om a nt a gr e nc w hi m er l c pl ne t tK e e ha r us d t pr es W oodhous s nd i va e, ch e y om ai d ha gl y d ef e o oc s e' i pr pe l c pl t d e y f .4 The e doc e sdi notc ai a i o m a i a m o ry om e e nem onn s um nt d ont n ny nf r ton bout s c fcga m e pe ii ng mber who hadt e t ne W oodhous mz di notot r s pl c Rayon s hr a e d e d d he wie a e notc t tW oodhous w asa r s ofhar f om ot ri a esa Re O ni i e ha e t ik m r he nm t t d on. M o eo r Ra sr la e on O P 8 6 a t pr s rbed pr e e f i ntf ng, r ve , y' e i nc 30. s he e c i oc dur or de iyi ve i yi a a es i a i a e ene y s t ton W oodhous m i hte ount rwasa r f ng, nd ddr sng ny nm t m iua i e g nc e r as bl r s ns t W oodhous ' s c ai f a sa utga r t la i Ye , oo e ona e e po e o e s pe ul tve e r bo ng e ai ton. t W dhous e a ist the di notc pl wih t e y desgna i n pr dur . O n t e m y s m a y dm t ha d om y t he nem i to oce es he ne um r 4 To t e entt W oodhousebas t ss ton of i al aleged r us t pr shi he xt hat es hi ui fci s' l ef al o oces s Dec ber201 ene y s em 0 m umm ar f m undert pr sonsofOP 830. ,hi alegatonsar not y or he ovii 6 s l i e a to beu e j 1 3.Vi a i o prs nop rtngp o e r sd no i iaef d r l uep o e s cina l nd r 98 oltons f io e ai r c du e o t mplc t e e a d r c s a da eno c gnia ei j 1 83.Ricov. unyofFara VA, 9 F. 1 9,1 69( t Ci.1 90 . n r t o z bl n 9 c i Co t ifx, , 07 2d 45 4 4h r 9 ) To t e entt tany s cl m m a a s undersat l s sat l cl m sar noti he xt ha uch ai y rie t e aw, uch t e aw ai e ndependenty l a to bl und rj 1 3,hec r d ci st e ries pplme a j rs cin o rte pu s n t cina e e 98 t ou t e lne o xecs u e ntl u idito ve h m, rua t o 28U. C. 1 () a wildimiste wiho tprj ie. S. j 367c , nd l s s h m t u eudc f m hepr pa e i Dec m be 201 asheha donei 2009,W o hous lse û lBl ds' or e rd n e r 0, d n od e it d 4 A1 oo 'as hi e m i . Thi vague des g ton di no pr vi of i i l w ih s tci nti or aton t s ne es s i na i d t o de fc a s t ufi e nf m i o c onduc t i tga i and e l ton o pot ntal hr a sasr uie unde OP 830. t he nves i ton va ua i f e i t e t eq r d r 6. W ha e rna e a ni kna e W oodhous m a ha gi n Kegl y, oodhous di not t ve m s nd c m s e y ve ve e W e d pr det si or ton t Ra i hi gre nc a di notpr pe l c plt ano he e m y ovi hi nf ma i o y n s iva e nd d o ry om e e t r ne s m a y f m ls i na esand pr vi ng i or a i a um r or i tng m o di nf m ton boutpa tc a e m i s on t f m ,a ri ul r ne e he or s r r underOP 830. procedur equied 6 es. Fort e r a ons t c tfndsno ge ne i s ofm a e i lf cti dipu e a hes e s , he our i nui s ue t r a a n s t nd c n ld st a De e d n Ra i e t ldt s mmayj d me ta amatro lw a t o cu e h t f n a t y s n i e o u r u g n s te f a s o t W oodhous ' Ei ht Amendme cai t tRa f ie t pr e thi . es g h nt l m ha y a ld o ot c m 5 Il l Fi l W ood us c pl i t tRa e nge e hi lf by If c ng' hi t e t rt naly, ho e om a ns ha y nda r d s ie çor i ' m o n e he ge r lpopul ton. OP 8 6 pr de , e r t ta i a e w hos e m y des g ton ne a ai 30. ovi s how ve , ha n nm t e ne i na i r que ti de ed m a r a n i s gr at d c nt ne e i he s c e s s ni y em i n e eg e o i m nt f o hoos s a t e , lhough he wilbe l c r d wih a dicplnar i r c i To t e e t tW ood ha ge t s i i y nfa ton. he xtnt ha hous i cai ngt tt s e s l mi ha hi ditc tc ce vi a eshi d pr es r gh s he i m i t ken. fi ul hoi ol t s ue oc s i t , s sa W ood hous f ist de c i a c ton o co i m e i s gr t d c i m e a e a l o s rbe ny ondii f ntne nt n e ega e onfne nt t Re Oni n t tco tt e c u la unus lpuni h e . Se A lgood v.M o r s 72 F. d o ha ns iut s r e nd ua s m nt e l r i , 4 2d 1 1l ( h Ci.1 ( di t tde i to i ve b meepl e nti s grgai 098, 01 4t r 984) hol ng ha prvains nvol d y r ac me n e e ton d snotvi aet Ei hAme oe olt he ght ndme ) Morove , n i t doesnothaveaco tt inal nt. e r a nmae nsiuto rg t bepl c i as cii s urt cls ii ton,a c t a cls ii tonsdo notcr t i ht o a ed n pe fc ec iy a sfcai nd usodi l a sfcai eae a ymaordinz i i aprs ne' e r nt Sa nv. r r 51 U. 472,486n j s pton n io rs nvionme . ndi Come, 5 S. 87 5 Be a et c r c ncud st a Ra i e tte t s mmayj g n ont meisof c us he ou t o l e h t y s n i d o u r ud me t he rt l W oodhouse' Ei h Am e entcl m ,t coul wilnotaddr sRay' addii de ens ofqualfe s ght ndm ai he ' l t es s tonal f e iid i muniy. m t ( 995 .Tos t tapa tculrtpeofc i me tde i a i eofalbet i e et 1 ) how ha ri a y ontne n prves n nmat i ry ntr s c e e by s a e l sr r ng c t dy cl s fc i , ha i a e m us de ons r t e t rt t r at d t t aw ega di us o as ii atons t t nm t t m ta e ihe ha c i m e condii e e t s nt nc i pos i s h an une ontne nt tons xce d he e e e m ed n uc xpec e m a t d nnerast g ve o i rs t pr ec i n by t D ue Pr es Cl us ofis o n f r ort tt c i m e c to i e o ot to he oc s a e t w o ce, ha he onf ne nt ondii ns i mpos a d ypi la sgniia ha ds p o t i t i r a i t t or na y i i nt of e n s ca nd i fc nt r hi n he nma e n elton o he di r ncde s at prs n lf ' 1 a 48 8 W oodhous m a s no s h s i o ie. d. t 3- 4. ' e ke uc howi c e ni c tons a or ng onc r ng ondii nd/ di c plna y pe li she f ce i c s i i r na te a d n hoosng be wee r m a ni i s gr ton a R e Oni or i t n e i ng n e ega i t d on mo igt issr trd l i gu t Th ,h c u t u rl dimis swi o t rj dc a y vn o t tucu e i n ni. us te o r s mmaiy s se t u p eu ie n v h d p o e scam i iae i W o d o s ' c mpan .Se 28U. C. 1 5 e( )b (i dn ue rc s li mpl td n o h u es o lit e c S. j 91 ()2 ( ) fn ig t ti ci la tonfldt f mapa rs ihec ts l dimist c s a a tmei t ha n vi ci ie q or upei,d our hal s s he a e t ny i fhe t co tdeemi st t...hea ton' i fi ousormalco orfist saeacl m) ur tr ne ha t ci ' s rvol iius al o tt ai . 1V . F rt ra o sae ,hec u t rn sDee d n Ra smoin frs mmayj d me ta o he e s ns ttd t o r g a t fn a t y' to o u r u g n s t W ood o hous sEi t Am e e' gh h ndm e c a m s de e W oodho e' m o i f s m a y nt l i , ni s us s ton or um r j d me t a ds u g n , n umma iyds se a yd ep o e so sae1w camswi o t rj dc , rl imis s n u r c s r tt a li t u p eu ie h purua tt 28U. C.jj 1 5()2)b)a 1 c) Ana opraeor rwile e t sda s n o S. 91 e( ( nd 367( . ppr it de l ntr hi y. The Cl r i diec ed t s nd c esoft sm e or ndum opi on a a c pa ng e k s r t o e opi hi m a ni nd c om nyi or rt pl i if de o a ntf . E NTER:Ths ;z xa o J n , 01 . i x ly f u e 2 2 / Z Se rU nie St t s 't i tJ e n' td ae rc udg 8