-RSB Tuck v. Director of Medical Services et al, No. 7:2011cv00450 - Document 37 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 07/13/2012. (kab)
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CLERK' OFFIE U. DI COURT S C S. ST. AT ROANOKE, VA FI LED J l3 2 1 0L 02 I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OA N O K E D I I O N V SI C LY DE TU CK , J UL BY: . A E C r PUTY CL ERK D CA SE N O .7: C V0045 11 0 Pl ntif ai f , M EM O M ND U M O PI I N N O VS. DI RECTOR, K , U By:GlnE. nr d e Co a C hi U nied St es Di tri Judge ef t at s ct D e endant . f s s ls ng hi i l i s to Cl Tuc aVigi a i t pr ee ng pr K ,i ptr ui t s c vi rght ac i n yde k, r ni nma e oc di o . ptrua t 42U. C.j1 ale ngt tt dee ntprs ofkil weedei rtl ls nt o S. 983, lgi ha he fnda ion t as r lbeaey i fe e t li s rousmedia ne ds i vi ai ofhi Ei ht Am e e rg s Def nda ndif r nt o ls e i c l e , n ol ton s g h ndm nt i ht . e nt Ntre El hasfld a motont dim is Afe r viw oft r cor t c tgr nt Nur e ls ko ie i o s s . tr e e he e d, he our a s s Elo smoin a ds mmaiyds s e Tu k' rmanngcamswih u p eu ie pls n t k ' t n u rl imis s c s e ii li o t o t rj dc , t ua t o r 28U. C.j 1 e ( ( ,f f l et sat a cl m S. 915()2)B)l or aiur o t e ai . I Tuc fl hi j 1 co ai i t Unie SttsDititCour f t Ea tr k ied s 983 mpl ntn he td ae src t or he sen DititofVigi a.Be us t ca eofa ton a os i t sditit howe , heEa t r src r ni ca e he us c i r e n hi src , ver t se n Dititta fre t c s t t sc ut k' j1 fr i caedt ta atche û to src r nser d he a e o hi ot'.Tuc s 983 om ndi t ha n ta d i in mo f r u g n'a dç fi a i'c n an dh sj1 8 camsfrr le.Th c u t n ee a o d r o j d me t n t fd vt' o tie i 9 3 li o eif e o r e trd n r e ' a a viigTu kt thes b sin t ec u te ev dd dn ticu ead to f r u g n ' d sn c ha t u miso s h o r rc ie i o n l d t in o j d me t' mo a t the woul nee t s i a a ende c pl i , a ng a cl ars a e e ofhi c a m s nd ha d d o ubm t n m d om a nt m ki e t t m nt s li a t fcsi s nd he a t n uppor.l r s e Tucks te tr edoc nt ( )ant nded t n epons , ubmitd h e ume s: 1 t Ame 1 Thi s ton r r t t cour dim isa cas fl by a per on a f de t f r p up rs s ec i equies hat he t s s e ied s f or d q o ma a e i sat i i det nesa a tm et tt acton i fi ous m alci orf l t s e acl m on whi t us f t enni t ny i ha he i s rvol , i ous ais o ut ai ch . rle ma begrntd.Erl Co. J h on 440F. 6 65 - 7 (t Ci. 6 . e if y a e ii ne v. o ns , 3d 48, 6 5 4 h r 200 ) Mo inf rJ g n u d r4 U. C. 1 3a dM oinf rlj n to ' (û n Co 1' to o ud me t n e 2 S. j 98 n to o nu cin' û Ame d. mp .) ' ( No.1 ;( a t tda tReae t M e c lIs '($ fd.)( No.1 ,a ()a ECF 9) 2) n é i vi ltd o dia sue'i i ' ECF Af Af ' 9) nd 3 E oinf rJ d me ta dM oinf rIj n to '( No. 3 . Th c u t o sr e C to o u g n n to o nu cin'ECF 2 )2 e o r c n tu d M d c me t ( )a d( )a Tu k' a n e c mp an a d sr e t ed fnd n sTuc ie tfe o u n s 1 n 2 s c s me d d o lit n e v d h ee a t k d n iid bynn t M edia Die tr(theDie t ' oft Vigi aDe rme ofCore tons me: he c l rco G t rcor' he r ni pa t nt ) rci i o s s nd k es nde ( VDOC)andNureEl 3 NtreEl fl herm oton t dim is, a Tuc r po d,ma ng s ko. ls ko ied ki t tm oton rpef c i r ton. ha i i or onsde a i 4 Tu k' s b si n ,ieal c n tu dsrief u g n rlcams( n Co . 2 ) c s u miso s lb rly o sr e , as o r e ea li Ame d. mpl! 7 c e ni t co s ofm e c lte t e thehasr ceveda Dil y Coreci lCe e onc r ng he ur e di a r am n e i t lw n r tona nt r (DW CC' a dp o i t ef lwigsa trdd tisa dif r to r ltdt t e ecams E C ' n r vde h ol n c t e eal n n o main eae o h s li . ) o e A . Thr tSur r Folow U p oa ge y l Tuc unde we s ge y f t oa c nc i e ry 2011 H e co pl nst tD W CC k r nt ur r or hr t a er n a l . m ai ha m e ca s fdi no tke hi bac t t s ge f f l up e m i tonsa t slg n di l uf d t a m k o he ur on or olow xa na i s he tr eo o d r d ( n . mp . 4 1 , 7A) Afi ! . Tu kalg sta Nu s Eloc n eldt e r ee . Ame d Co l!1 - 5 2 ( ; fd. 3) c l e h t re k a c le h e a nt e s a t ts a t M e ca D iec orf t V D OC know Tuc s d ha bee ppoi m nt nd ha he nd he di l r t or he k houl ve n gi n pos - r lve c er lt t tw c we s g r ve tope ai - e aed o l , r m e y. m 2 Thecour i taly consrue ECF No. 23a as paaemo inf ritroc t r ij cie t nii l t d s e r t to o ne l u o y n un tv rle a de e i.Upo rfeto h ve,ta e r ta ti do u n it moinf j gme t eif nd nid t n elcin, owe ri pp as h ths c me ts he to orud n t tTuc s g t i o p aeb r fr n eit t ea nd d c an ( No.1 . ha k ou ht o nc r ort y e ee c no h me e omplit ECF 9) 3 Tuck ass rt t the i alo s ng ever doct a ever nur ew ho tea ed hi a DW CC, e s ha s s ui y or nd y s rt m t who Tuc v gu l i n iisa G nk wnp ronn r1 2 3 ec. ( nd. m k a ey de tfe s : no e s umbe , , , t ' Ame Compl! u ' , 5) The Diect hasfl an ans ,buthasnotfl adiposii m oton a t stme. r or ied wer ied s tve i t hi i 5 I hi s isi dockeed asECF No. 23 a ECF N o.1 and i hi r pons t t m oton n s ubm s ons t nd 0, n s es e o he i t dim is,ECF N o.35,Tuck addsalegatonsand doc o s s l i ument i s s n uppor ofhi cl m s The cour t s ai . t consr a consder t e doc tues nd i s hes ument asa endm ent t t amended com pl nt ECF No. 19. s m s o he ai , 2 B.M ou h Sor s t e Shorl afe Tuc a ved a D W CC i e r y 2011 a be n ea i t sanda d i a e ty t r k ni t n al nd ga tng he t r nm t de sr e a t t a ii , ed v l p dp ifl o e s r si hi mo t 6 ( nd Co l! 0 it e v d tha f clt h e eo e an u, p n o e n s uh. Ame y mp . 4 . 41 M e ia saf o ie Tuc wihap e cito mo twa h ( No 2 , 9 ) Tu k ) d c l tf pr vd d k t r srp in uh s . ECF . 3 ! ) c a lgest tt ste t ntonl kil t pan fo t mout s esf ffe n m i es andli le ha hi r a me y ls he i r m he h or or te nut , zs s ubmi so i c t t thewe wiho t mout was f f da a trsa ff ie t s i ns ndia e ha nt t ut he h h or our ys fe t f a ld o rne a o d rf rtes bsa c .( No. 0 3; No 3 , 2 e w n r e o h u tn e ECF 1 - ECF . 5 p. ) Tuc a s rst thei a lr ct ûhepr e s f k s e t ha s le gi o t t oc s ed oodst ta enor al s r d t t ha r m ly e ve o he imaep p lto ' ( No. 3 : ) p riu al t r c se me t ( No. 5 p.1.Tuc n t o uain' ECF 2 , 5 , a t lry s o e s d a' ECF 3 , ) c p ' k al ge t ti J nua y 2011 adoc ora û CV't dTuc t theha a uns cii f le s ha n a r , t tE M 'ol k ha d n pe fed ood alr y a dwo l n e as e ilde ( No 2 ,54- 1 - p. ) Tuc f t t t e h l g n u d e d p ca it ECF . 3 1 6; 04, 4 . k omd ha wh n e e aef fom t c t ood r he ommis r s h a t a pe nu but , di notgetmout s r .( say, uc s una nd a t terhe d h oes ECF No 1 - , 4 W h nTuc fldif r lc mpansa dg iv nc si M ac a dAprl 11 . 0 4 p. ) e k i n oma o lit n re a e n rh n e i20 , as ng t know w ha hi di gnos s wasr a d ng hi m out s e , ur e El r ple t the ki o t s a i eg r i s h or s N s ko e i d ha s dt kt t docora tt sis ( No.1 6) A do t whoe mi d Tuc onM a houl al o he t bou hi sue. ECF 0cor xa ne k y 1 2011 t d Tuc t the w oul or ra e e ge t a f rt m o Tuc t a pr s w he e 3, , ol k ha d de n m r ncy r ns e o ve k o i on r t ssve ef alr c dbebetra co l odae a teae wihaditofnon- oce sd û e r ood legy oul hi te c m ml td nd r td t e pr se f o s aCo n ( lr Dit' ( n Co . 6 2 , 7 B) ECFNo. 3 ! ) o d , mmo F ae e. Ame d. mpl!1 - 0 2 ( ; ' 2 ,8 Thedoc orsta f ror rwa notc ri d o ,howeve . Tuc se bisi c t t t t ' r ns e de s a re ut r k' xhi t ndia e ha t de VD OC prs r ul to ,a i a e m a be a ove f t c m on f r di tonl whe m r i on eg a i ns n nm t y ppr d or he om ae e y n he ha m e c r a n c ie i de o t a i t the hass nc r r lgi belef r rng hi t e t s t e t i r t r a m ns r tng ha i e e e i ous i s equii m o a aditc itntwiht c e onsse t he ommonfr dit ( No.10- Tuckdoe notal t thi ae e. ECF 7) s lege ha s 6 Tuck sat t he di notsuferfom mout s eswhen he wasi rc at a Lunenbur t es hat d f r h or nca er ed t g Co r cina Ce t r wh r heaea u pe fe E pe ildit' (Ame d. re to l n e , e e t n ns ciid ç ca e . t n Compl! ) s ' . 41 3 r lgi be if r quiehi t r c i t c e i ous le s e r m o e e ve he ommon f r d e ort thehase rbee a oved a e i t ha ve n ppr f t sditunde VDOC polc Tuc s isdoc nt i c tng t ti M a 2011,a or hi e r iy. k ubm t ume s ndia i ha n y co uli physc a a C CV Or lSur r ' e ns tng ii n t S M a ge y'r comme nded t tTuc r ce v as c a di tof ha k e i e pe i l e tnas n wih s p a u b te a djlys n wih s e g , n o t a a dta h b rfre t u a d c e , e n t u tr n el a d c e , g s a d ame l n h t e e e erd o analer s ;hemedia sa ft n as dt kic n sa fa DW CC t a omm odae t sdi tf l git t c l t f he ke he t he tf t o cc t hi e or Tuc a fraspos i e.( No.1 7, 12) Tuc saest thenow rc vespea bute k sa sbl ECF 0- pp. k tt ha e ei nut tr sndwihe andboie e .( No. p.1 Tuc aguest thehasasrousme c lne d a c s ld ggs ECF 35, ) k r ha ei dia e t rc i t c o e e ve he omm on f r dit asor r d by t do ori M a 2011 a t tt defnda s a e e, de e he ct n y , nd ha he e nt ' r us t pr d hi t sditc tt e dei r t i fe e . ef al o ovi e m hi e onsiut s lbe ae ndif r nce C . Bl d Pr s e Pr bl m s oo es ur o e Tuck a l ge t the s f r fom m i a ne he dac s c us d w he hi bl pr s ur le s ha uf e s r gr i a he a e n s ood e s e tuc ua e be a e ofsr s a t tt de e nt a e no pr vi ng a t e t e f t bl l t t s c us t e s nd ha he f nda s r t o di ny r a m nt or he ood p e s r p o lm.( n Co l: , 7 C) Afi !1 ; No. 3, 4 Tu k alg st a rs u e r be Ame d. mp . 21 2 ( ; td. 2 ECF 2 !1 ) c le e h t t bl prslr fucuainsca edz ne s pai i hi e s a mi sr s ( nd. he ood e sze l t to us izi s , n n s ye , nd nor toke . Ame Co . 21 2 ( ) I p riua , kalg sta i Ap i 2 1 h C u fr dami o sr k , mpl! , 7 C) n a t lr Tuc le e h t n rl 01 , e t fe e c s n r to e' ' whihteme ia safd s se a aG i h a gc e'a dp o ie hm wh Tye o . ( c h d c l tf imis d s t l e d a h l' n r vd d i h ln l7 ECF m d No. !1 Tuc alege t twhiehehasnotfe NlreEl sme c lsafnlme o tmes 23, 5) k l s ha l iid zs ko' dia tf l r us i ofhi s oms i udi li rdi ypanf lhea a hes, t nurest sot t compli s s ympt ,ncl ng tnce bl i u dlc l' he s t c mt he ' di ant a bengma - by g uc fratnton. l td. 2) s i deup ' k) o te i ' Afi !1 r ' Tuc s e bis i ude a w rte c pl i he f l d i M a 2011 a m e c ls a f k' xhi t ncl it n om a nt ie n y nd di a t f r ponss.( No.35 1 l t edoe nt, kdame t ta tra eale c anthe es e ECF - ) n hes ume s Tuc i d ha fe n rir ompli m a i Fe u r 2011t thi fuc ua i bl pr s ur w asc i r c r ng m i r ne de n br a y ha s l t tng ood e s e aus ng e ur i g ai 1 Tu k alge t a h û ufee fo ble i b hndg s rg te a terg ttmp a lbe c le s h t e t f rd r m e dng e i hij ih ye nd h ih e or l o s ofhi br i wa d e y af ce fom t emi rsr k ' ( No 2 !1 ) s an s e pl fe td r h no to e. ECF . 3 6 ' 4 he c ,t sa ff ie t pr vi f l u c r f t s c tons Tuc co pli d t t ada hes he t f al d o o de olow p a e or he e ondii . k m a ne ha t m e c ls a fm e el a ke Tuc t fl a s c c lr ques i he w a ed t s e t doc or he di a t f r y s d k o ie i k al e tf nt o e he t a bouthi hea c sorbl pr s lr Tuck i it d t tf l up c r s d bepr de f s da he ood e sze. nsse ha olow a e houl ovi d or t e c tonsw ihouthi ha ng t e r i e t s c c lpr edtr ,whi h r uiest i a e hes ondii t s vi o xe c s he i k al oc ze c eq r he nm t t pa a $5. c pa e f e h docorvii. M e c lsaf a s d Tuc t thecoul r i e o y 00 o- ym nt or ac t st di a t f dvie k ha d as hi c s once nsabo hi he c a bl pr s et t doc ora hi a nt nton M a 1 r ut s ada hes nd ood esur o he t t s ppoi me y 3, 2011. D. Ac s t M e c Re or ce s o dial c ds Tuc alege t tNur eEl hasr us t pr d hi ac es t hi m e c r or o k l s ha s ko ef ed o ovi e m c s o s dial ec ds r t p o i hm o hi d u he ( oi ar g see nts)wi ac p o Tu k' me ia r c r s o r vde i r s a g tr wh s e itrd t e t o y f c s dc l e o d , r h at o g Tu k sg e ame ia rlaefr ( n . mp .52 - 5 ECF No 2 , 7 1 ) lh u h c in d dc l ee s om. Ame d Co l! 3 2 ; . 3 !1 - 8 Tuc aset t tde alofa es t hi r c dsvi ae hi rg sunderS PPA. ( nd. k s rs ha ni cc s o s e or olts s iht I HI ' Ame ' Co l! 7 D) mp . 2 ( ) Asrle i t i a to , c s e ij cier l fo d rn ted fn nst p o ie eif n hs cin Tu k e ks nun tv ei r e ig h ee da t o r v d e f l up viist t slgeo t a l hi t r cevet c olow st o he tr n; o low m o e i he omm on f r di t a t pr vi a e e ; nd o o de te t ntf rTuc sfuc a i bl pr s ur Tuck a s s e c r a me o k' l m tng ood e s e. lo e ks ompe a or a punii ns t y nd tve d ma e .( nd Co l! 3 - ) n g s Ame . mp . ! 0 31 1 1 Pli ifsc am scn ts vi am oton t dim ist es heç e dsf c ua c ent a ntf l i nno ur ve i o s s ml s d a a t l ont pl t ta l t c t o dr w t r s bl i e e et tt de e nti la ef t ha lows he our t a he ea ona e nf r nc ha he f nda s i bl or he mic nduc ale d.'As of v.lba,556U. 662,1 S.Ct 1 1 49( ) Bel s o t lge ' hcr t g l 5. 29 . 937, 9 2009 ; l Ata i Cop . Twombl 550U. 544,570( 7)(i ngmoi t dimisprpel lntc v. y, S. 200 fndi ton o s s o ry g a tdwh r plitf' fcu l l g t nsd n tsaed lusb e' li f rrle) The r ne ee an ifs a t a al ai o o 't t a il'cam o eit. e o t p 5 c ompl i m us a lgef t s tce tdo r ie arghtt r i a ant t le ac s ufi int tt a s i o elef bovet s c a i lve , he pe ultve e l' t ee y çud ln ) h l1camsa r s tel efo c n ev bet plu il .'Azzv. c a e h rb n g ig t e li co s h i r m o c i a l o a sb e' i Alolc n ' l c, 8F.d3 8 3 ( t Ci. 01 )(is atrto i o iia)( u t Two l 5 0U.. n .65 3 8 , 91 4h r 2 1 frt leain n rgn l q oi ng mby, 5 S a 555,570) t . l a e sng whehe t pli ifhaspl s fcintf t t sa ea cai ,hec t us n ddr s i t r he a ntf ed ufi e ac s o tt l m t our m t viw t f c si t lghtm os f vor bl t t pl ntf, ç ednota ce t l ga e he a t n he i t a a e o he ai if but i ne c pt he e l c usonsdr wn fom t f t a ...ne d notac e a tueunwa r nt d i e e es oncl i a r he acs nd e c pt s r ra e nf r nc , t e s bl c usons o apl nt. Giratnov. o on,521F. 298,302( hCi. mra ona e oncl i , r r me s' ar a ' J hns 3d 4t r 2008)(ntma quottonso te .Thec t tac e fcua c l i t plitf i e l ai mitd) our mus c pt a t l oncusons he anif dr wsC y t t e e t y a epl usbl bas d o t f c aleg to . Bum ete v.Fa y, a l onl o he xt nt he r a i e e n he a mal l a i ns' ' t he F.d , 1 - 3 4 2 2W L 2 95 5 ,* ( t Ci. uy9 2 2 .W h ndimisn a 3 No. 1 1 2 , 01 6 8 4 6 4h r J l , 01 ) e s sig c pl i f f itr t sat a c ai upon whi h r le m a be gr nt d, om a nt or a lle o t e l m c ei f y a e cours m a c i r t y ons de e biss xhi t ubmitd i s te n uppor oft c t he ompl i , ndwhe ea c lc e ssbet e Chebar ant a r onfit xit we n t t e a l ga i oft c pl i ' a a oft pl i if se bis C he e bi pr vais' U nie le tons he om a nt' nd ny he a ntf xhi t , l xhi t e l . t ' td Sttse r lCo sr co s l . . l l . .31 F. u p. d5 3 5 6( D. . 0 ) ae x e. n tu tr.nc v Guf ns Co, 3 S p 2 9 , 9 E. Va 20 4 (iigFa etv l lve tr v. mmeca Bul es Ic, 3 F.d 1 6 ,1 65( t Ci. 9 ) ctn v te il n so s Co r il id r.n .9 6 2 4 2 4 4h r 1 91; e s eas Anhe e- c v.Sc e lo usrBus h hmoke,63F. 1 1 2( hCi.1 . 3d 305, 31 4t r 995) Tosaeaca eofa tonunde j1 apli ifmus etbls t theha be n tt us ci r 983, antf t sa ih ha s e de i ofr gh s gua a e d by t Co tt ton o l w soft U nie St t s a t tt s prved i t r nt e he ns iu i r a he t d a e nd ha hi de i ton r ule fom co prva i es t d r nduc c t omm itd by ape s n a tngunde c o ofsae lw. W es te r o ci r ol r t t a t v. ki , U. 42, ( 988 .Plnihme sorprs n c tonsa ete At ns 487 S. 48 1 ) l s nt io ondii r t pugnantt t r o he Ei h A m e m e ' i t y ...i ve t ul e es a y a w a on i lc i ofpai ' Es e l ght nd nt' f he nvol he m c s r nd nt nf i ton n.' t le v.Gn e, U. 97,1 2 (97 (ntm a q ai omitd) Topr vet tt c ls of mbl 429 S. 0 1 6) i e l uottons te . o ha he otre 6 me c lte t nther eved n di a r a me ec i mountd t ac tt tona vi a i a i t mus s e o onsiu i l olton, n nma e t how t t ha pe s nne t whos ca e he wa c m it e bie t i r e i f e e e ' o hi û e i ro l o e r s om ted xhi t d t be at ndif r nc ' t s û r ous del s m edi alne ds' I a 1 1 c e . d. t 04- 05.l dve t n f il e t pr de t e t e ,ne i ntdi gnos s ' na r e t a l r o ovi r a m nt glge z a i, a m e c m apr c i do notpr e c nsiutona de i to .I a 1 1 nd dial l a tce es nt o tt i l prvai ns d. t 05- 06. û( s rousme c lne di onet tha be ndi nosdbyaphysca a ma tng tA1 ei dia e s ha s e ag e iin s ndai tea m e orone t ti s obvi t te n a l pe s w oul e iy r cog z t nec s iy r t nt ha s o ous ha ve ay r on d as l e ni e he e s t f adocorsatenton. l v.Shrve, F. 225,2 ( h Ci.2008)(ntr lquotto or t ' t i ' ko ' e 535 3d 41 4t r i e na ains o t d .Ano t a a t wi d l eaei dfee c i h wa a r o f csfo whc h mit ) e fkil cs t ei rt n ifrn e f e s wa e f a t r m ih e h b c d d a a i e e t a s t nta rs ofha m e se dr w t ti e e e,a oul r w n nf r nce hat ubsa il ik r xit d, e ha nf r nc nd dir ga de orr s s e r d e ponded unr as bl t t rs Fnnne v. e e ona y o he ik. r Br nnan,51 U . 8 8 1 S. 25, 37 (9 4. 19 ) A di agr e e be wee a i a e a m e ca pe s s e m nt t n n nm t nd di l r onne r r ng di gnos sa co ls l ega di a i nd tr e ofte t ntdoe no i i aet Ei ht Am e r a me s t mplc t he g h ndme .W rghtv. lns 766 F. 8 ,8 nt i Coli , 2d 41 49 (t Ci. 9 5 .Qu sinso me ia j d me t r n ts b e t oj d ca rve u e j 1 8 4 h r 1 8 ) eto f d c l u g n a e o u j c t u iil e iw nd r 9 3. Ruselv.Shefr 528F. 31 ( h Ci.1 ) Pl nifmus ale t t oromisons sl fe, 2d 8 4t r 975 . aitf t lge l s ac si s fkin l h r u, whc c u e s ro sij r o a g a aino d tro aino a e si u t e ty n mfl' ih a s d e iu nu y r g r v to r ee irto f n xit ' ng me c lc ton.Esel,429U. a 1 (i ngpr t co tsdimis lofi t' dia ondii tle S. t 06 fndi oper he ur' s sa nmaes cli ofi ufk i n m e ca teame , r i aeco ane ofpan no r le by am ns t e t di l r t nt whe e nm t mpli d i t e ived me ia te t n p o ie ) S rc lrv. aes 9 9F.d 1 7 ,1 8 ( t Ci. 9 )(i ig dc lr ame t r vd d ; tik e W tr, 8 2 3 5 3 1 4 h r 1 93 fndn cam o c e a t u l t s me t s icu es o n panifs fee s ro sij r li f nzl nd mus a pmih n mu t n ld h wig li t u fr d e iu nu y f fo alg dvilto s;Sa e v. r ii De t fCo rcin , 0 F. p . 8 , 9 ( D. r m le e oain ) tpls Viqn a p'o re to s 9 4 Su p 4 7 4 2 E. Va.1 ( s s i j1 me c lcli ba e oni t pl ntf f l et de nsr t 995) dimisng 983 dia am s d nmae ai ifs aiur o mo tae 7 ç n lnne s a y a wa on i lc i ofpai whi h ha r s t i s i media ore o i s l ce s r nd nt ntiton a n c s e uled n erous c l m tonal dee i ain' trorto ). A . Thr tStr r Folow U p oa lge y l Tuc scai t tNu s El de e hi f lw up viist t s ge a trhi t oa k' l m ha r e ko ni d m olo st o he ur on fe s hr t s ge y m us bedimi s d be us hef ist al gea ha m r s tngfom he a l ed m r t s s e ca e a l o le ny r e uli r r leg o i s o Tuc doesnota l a pa tc ars pt s he e r e e orany r s c i w hi h m s i n. k lege ny r i ul ym om xpe i nc d e pe t n c hi physca co ton dee i atd bec us hedi nothavef l up viisr lt d t hi pas s i l ndii tror e a e d olow st ea e o s t our w l a ls ko' i o s s s o hi a m szger 8 The c t ilgr ntN tr e El s m oton t di m i s a t t scl i . tr y. Fort s m e r as Tuck' aleg tonsf i t s a e a a tona e c a m aga ns t he n e on, s l ai a l o t t ny c i bl l i i t he Die t ora ot medialpe s nnela DW CC.Thus t cou twilsz ma iy dim is r c or ny her c ro t , he r l tm rl s s Tu k scamsa an t h Die t ra da1 om Do d fn a t wih u p eu ie pzs a tt 28 c ' li g i s t e rco n 1 J l e ee d ns t o t rj dc , l u n o r U. C.j1 ( ( ( . S. 915e)2)b) B. M out Sor h es Li al c tui hi s isons Tuc al st tNur eEl t M e c lDie t ber ly onsr ng s ubm s i , k lege ha s ko, he di a r cor f t VDOC,a numeousot rlnna dme ca pe s me ( )fom J nuayt M ay2011 or he nd r he l me di l ror l 1 r a r o , k e t a Tu kh daf o alr ya dn e e as e il itb tfie t p o i ei t hm; 2 n w h t c a o d leg n e d d p ca de, u ald o r v d t o i ( ) f ie t c ry outt doc o ' or ron M a 1 2011t tTuc beta f r e s t thec d a ld o a r he t r s de y 3, ha k r nse r d o ha oul rci t c e eve he ommonf edit and()know t tTuc i no c rntyrcevi t Grght m' e; 3 ha k s t ure l e i ng he ûi te t e ' f hi dit t ne ds ca e Tuc aleg t tt m o h s esc us s ve epa n, r am nt' or s e a' e .Be us y k l es ha he ut or a e e r i t c t ilas um e f rpur e oft so ni t tt y cons iut a s rousm e ca nee t t he our w l s o pos s hi pi on ha he tt e e i di l d ha s d be t e t d. I 535 F. a 241 Be a e t c tfndst tTuc f ist a l ge f t on houl r a e ko, 3d t . c us he our i ha k a l o le ac s 8 M or r Tuck' s isi i udea medi s mar daed J 1 201lf om t M CV s ubm s ons ncl cal um y t une , eove , r he oa sz eyu i a p rnl g n rtdi c n eto wi tet n o panifsmo t s rs( No rl lg r nt g ae t e eae n o n cin t rame t f lit r , y h f uh o e.ECF . 1 - .Thus plitf so e de c idia e t thewa s e b s cait du i t pe i oftme 07) , an lf wn vi n e n c ts ha s e n y pe ilss rng he rod i i whih he beleved he s d ha r ved f l - f hi t oats ge y. n c i houl ve ecei olow up or s hr ur r 8 whi hhec d pr t de e nt a t d wih delbe a ei fer nc t a s ro nee f a c oul ove he f nda s c e t i r t ndif e e o ny e ius d or pa tc a t e t e , w e r t c tc l ri ul r r a m nt ho ve , he our onc udest tt m o i t di m i sm us be gr t d as ha he ton o s s t an e t a l hr a pe t oft s c a m . o l t ee s c s hi l i Fis , k doe no a l ge t ti J a y 2011 t M CV doc ori ntfed a pa tc a r t Tuc s t le ha n mw r , he t de ii ny r i ul r f t w hi h Tuc w asale gi o t tt s doc orora ot rphys c a or r d a pa tc ar ood o c k l r c r ha hi t ny he i i n de e ny ri ul di tc nge orne t e t e f Tuc a t ttm e. W he Tuc a ke a e ha w r a m nt or k t ha i n k s d bouthi di nos s N tr e s ag i , ls El a s hi t dic si wih t doc or Eve i Nur eEl kne fom a s cals' not ko dvied m o s us t t he t . n f s ko w r pe i its e t tTuc sm out s e r lt d t a f aler y, hi i t r or i c t st ts a a ha k' h or s ea e o ood l g not ng n he ec d ndi a e ha he, s ntr e c d ha de e m i d w ha ne di twoul ha be n a o i t f Tuc sc ton. l s , oul ve t r ne t w e d ve e ppr pra e or k' ondii Si ia l Tuc o f r no e de e on w hi h he c d pr t tNlr e El ha a hort t m l r y, k f e s vi nc c oul ove ha z s ko d ut iy o r quiet DW CC kiche sa ft pr dea dif r ntditwiho adoc orso d dieci t t e r he t n t f o ovi fe e e t ut t ' r er r tng ha Tuck ha a m e c nee t r e ve, a d, ri ul rf d di al d o ec i or voi pa tc a oods Tuc s a l ga i t f i t . k' le tons hus a l o de o taet tNtr eEl kne heha as rousm e ca nee f a pa tc a di a y m nsr t ha ls ko w d ei di l d or ny riulr etr c nge be we J ha t en anua y a M a 2011 o t therr pons t hi nee w asl r s na e. r nd y , r ha es e o s ds m ea o bl Se ond,Tuc ss c k' ubmisonsi caet tt m e ca sa fa DW CC ha a e s d s i ndi t ha he di l tf t ve ddr s e Tuc smout s esby pr di hi wih m o h was c ula i wih doc or i M a 2011 k' h or ovi ng m t ut h, ons ttons t t sn y , a a s eque dit r c nge.Tuc a t t tt teame spr de do ale a ehi nd ubs nt e a y ha k dmis ha he r t nt ovi d lvit s s pt s t s e ex e a c ede t the i no l ng rr r d t e tt pr s ed m e t ym om o om t nt nd onc s ha s o e equie o a he oce s as t wh c h camst b alr i .W hl t ep y iinc n ul to sa ddeay a j sme t ma o ih e li o e le gc i h h sca o s t in n itr du t n s y e a notha be n a pr m ptasTuckwoul ha lked, sal tonsdo nots s t thi m out ve e s o d ve i hi legai ugge t ha s h s e t e t n hi lf orco d c us l tng dia lt orot r s pr e a s rousm e ca or s hr a e s ie ul a e asi s biiy he wie es nt e i di l ne f ri m e a e a t nton. I i co m on t e r e e del ys whe s e ng t s dul a ed o m di t te i ts m o xpe i nc a n e ki o che e c ula i w ih a m edi a s i ls , ve out i t pr s c e . Tuc s a l ga i ons t ton t c l pec a i t e n s de he i on ont xt k' le tons 9 sm pl do notpr vi a bassf acli t tNur eEl kne ofa pari ulrte t nt i y o de ny i or am ha s ko w ny tc a r a me Tuc ne d be wee J nua y a M a 2011t twasnotbei pr de t ora r nge f , k ede t n a r nd y ha ng ovi d o, ra d or hi . m Thid, Tu ss r ck' ubmi sonsdonoti caet thehasa s rousm e ca nee t r c i si ndi t ha ei di l d o e e ve t c he omm o f r dit i M a 2011ora a tme be o e orsnc n ae e,n y t ny i fr i e.Tuck al gesvag l t tt s le uey ha hi di tdoe notc a n t oc s e f ods' w hiet s a r D W CC di tdoes The M CV e s ont i d e s d o ,' l he t nda d pr e . s cals,howe r r c pe i it ve , e omm e d s c fcf nde pe ii oodst tc d bepr dedt Tuc atDW CC t ha oul ovi o k o al vit hi f ale gy.The f c t tt doc o sdia e a le a e s ood lr a t ha wo t r s gr ed boutpr iey wha ditwo d ecs l t e ul be ta es Tuc smedi lne dswei a i ta fndi t tTuc hasa s i media ne d s ddr s k' ca e ghs gans i ng ha k erous cl e f ro dito rt o he . Thec iia f cori t tTuc steai physcan de i d t o ne e ve he t r rtc l a t s ha k' r tng ii c de o a d e sTuc sf o alr yp o lmsb a j tn hsdit tDW CC, n Nt s Eloc udh ve d rs k' o d leg r be y dusig i e a ad le k o l a r r ght u l r le on t st e t e dec s on. Tuc now s a est thi c r ntdi tdoe noti l i f ly e i d hi r a m nt i i k t t ha s ur e e s nc ude t ep o e sdme t t a h b l v sc u e hsmo t s r s ( No 3 , 12 Th , c s h r c se as h t e ei e a s d i uh o e . ECF . 5 p. - ) us Tu k' e s isonsdo notsaef t on whi h hec d pr t tNure El sa t o o isonsha ubm s i t t acs c oul ove ha s ko' c s r m s i ve c us d hi hn m oragg a t hi aler y s a e m r z vaed s l g ympt .The e or t c twilg a Nt s oms r f e,he our l r nt u'e El s m oton t di m i sa t Tuc sf a l r c a m . ko' i o s s so k' ood le gy l i Fort s m e r as ns t c r w ila s s m a iy di m i sTuc s f a l r c a m he a e o , he ou t l l o um rl s s k' ood le gy l i aga ns t Di e t . Tuc sc l or a us tonsa i tt D ie t a e notpl us bl ba ed i t he r c or k' onc us y cc a i ga ns he r c or r a i e s on t f c ss e i hi s isonsa awhol M or ove , k doesnotsae a f c so he a t ut d n s ubm s i s e. e r Tuc t t ny a t n whi h he c d pr t tt Di e t rpe s ly kne a tTuck' f aler pr e sor c oul ove ha he r c o r ona l w bou s ood l gy obl m t te t e sr om m e he r a m nt ec nded orpr de f hi . Supe vior of i al ca ovi d or m r s y fci s nnotbe vi arous y c i l la e f rcons iutonalvi a i nsc m it d by ofi i sunde t i s r s on,a t y m a i bl o tt i ol to om te f c al r he r upe vi i nd he y rght u l r l on t opi on oft i a e st e tng physci ns a t t pr pe c s of i f ly e y he ni he nm t ' r a i i a s o he o r our e te t n f rapatc lrc ndto i irv. o',8 6F. 8 , 5 (t Ci. 9 0 . r ame t o riua o i n.M l e Be l 9 2d 48 8 5 4 h r 1 9 ) i t n pr a s r s r of i i ls labiiy, a ntf m us s ove upe vi o y f c a ' i lt pl i if t how t tt ofi i w a pe s ly ha he fc al s r ona l i l d wih a de a ofteame ,dei r t l i e f r d wih prs doc or 'te t nt nvo ve t nil r t nt lbe a ey nt re e t ion t s r a me decsons o tcil a horze orwasi fee t t prs physca 'mic ii , r ty ut i d ndifrnt o he ion iins s onduc .L. a t d t . a 854. Tuc ha f ie t s a e f c sm a ng s h a s w i Fort sa e r a o , he co twil k s a l d o t t a t ki uc ho ng. he t t d e s ns t ur l d s s Tu k' f o alr ycam a an t h Die trwi u p eu ie p ls a tt imis c s o d l g li g i s t e rco t t rj d c , t u n o e ho r j1 5 e( )b , o fiu et saeacam . 91 ()2 ( ) f r alr o tt li Fi ly, he co tw ila s dim i s Tuc s f ale gy cl i saga ns t unknown na l t ur l l o s s k' ood l r am i t he d co sa dn re h h satmpe t s e pls a t oj 1 5e ()b .Alh u h drce t o tr n u s s e a te td o u , t u n t 91 ()2 ( ) t o g ie td o r a lge s cik a l i hi a e d c le pe f ly n s m nde ompl i wha e c def ntdi o di notdo i vi a i n ant t a h enda d r d n olto ofhi c tt to rght , k do notd crbe s c fcc s onsiu i nal i s Tuc es es i pe ii onduc c t omm itd by a oft te ny he lnknown m e ca saf on anypa tc a oc son.9 Thus Tuc f ist pr de e n t basc l di l t f riulr ca i k al o ovi ve he i , oulneofaj1 3cam a i ta oft s i viuas W es, U. a 48.Tuck' ti 98 li gans ny hee ndi d l. t487 S. t s s e ng a c us r a c a i t taloft s i vi l kne t te t ntpr de we pi nd oncl o y c us ton- ha 1 he e ndi duas w he r a me ovi d wasnota o it -i notpl usbl bas d on t f t pr de by Tuc ss isonsasa ppr pra e s a i e e he ac s ovi d k' ubm s i whol a ne no bet n ast u Bl lte F. e nd ed t ake r e. m e t, 3d - - , 201 W L 2695854 a *6. 2 t C. B l Pr s e Pr e s ood es ur obl m Tuc a l gesbr y t tN tr e El and t o he def nda sknow he ha bl k le oadl ha ls ko he t r e nt s ood pr s le fuct tonst tc us r c rng m i a ne a a e notpr di a tea m e . Thi es tr l ua i ha a e e ur i gr i s nd r ovi ng ny r t nt s co l i i nott a i eba e on t f t al gai ns'c a ne e s ncuson s t usbl s d he acual le to ' onti d lewhe ei Tuc s pl r n k' 9 Tuck as erst hi i lt t acces hi medi r dshaspr vent d hi fom nam i s t hat s nabiiy o s s cal ecor e e m r ng ot medi per onnelasdef her cal s endant orfom gi ng s fcda eswhen hes t ,ort di s r vi pecii t aw hem he agnos es and teat r mentt pr ded.H i a e d c hey ovi s m nde ompl nt howeve ,doesnoteven a t ptt des i t ai , r tem o crbe he per onali vementofany oft e i vi sby usng esi ed dat and gener ac s nvol hes ndi dual i tmat es al count oft r s hei a i . Thus t c ca ctons , he ourt nnotfnd t thehass ts i t pl ng sandar r quied f hi cl m s i ha a ifed he eadi t d e r or s ai a i tt s d f n nt t s r i sr e i u e j l 5 e( )b . gans he e e e da s o u vve c e nng nd r 9l ( )2 ( ) s i s o , nd t r f e, he c t e nota e i ast e. Bur te, F. d ubm s i ns a he e or t our ne d cc pt t nz ne t 3 - - , 201 W L 2 269585 a * Tuc doesnota l ge t tN ur e El o t ot rdef nda shave obs r e t 4 t 6. k le ha s ko r he he e nt e v d he dr s mpo Tu kalg s( n rsr k s be dn b hndt ee e , t.o t a a yme ia ie y tms c le e mio to e , le ig e i h y s ec) r h t n d c l pr f sonalhasmadeam e c fndi t tfuc ua i bl pr s ur i ac us ofTuc s o es i dial ng ha l t tng ood e s e s a e k' r clrng he da he o hi o he s mpt e tri a c s r s t r y oms.Tuc ss fdignos sofbl pr slepr e s k' el- a i ood es tr obl m a sr sa t r ofhi he da he i nots fce s nd toke s he oot s a c ss ufi int uppor f a cai t tNtre El o t or l m ha ls ko r a oft o he def nt kne ofas i me ca ne f bl pr s ur te t ny he t r enda s w erous di l ed or ood e s e r a mentr l t e aed t hi he da he M o e r Tu k' greva esi cae t the di notf l t r r d sck o s a c s. r ove , c s i nc ndi t ha d olow he equie i c l pr ed et r ques t tadocore l t hi c a l oc ur o e t ha t vaua e s ompl nt a ai s bouthi bl pr s ea hi s ood es ur nd s r t ng he c .o Thus Tuck' alegatonsf i t show t tany oft def ndant act ecmi ada hesl s l i al o ha he e s ed , wih dei r t i f e e et aknown rs ofs rousha n, r quie t sat a Ei h t lbe a e ndif r nc o ik e i n' as e r d o t e n ght Am e e c a m r r ng t c s oft e t e heha r e ve . 1 The c t ilgr nt ndm nt l i ega di he our e r a m nt s ec i d 1 our w l a Ntr eEl sm o i n t dimisa t Tuc sbl pr s tr cli s a wils ls ko' to o s s s o k' ood e sle am , nd l umm a iy dimis rl s s t e ecamswih u p eu ie pzs a t oj 1 5 e( )b , st t eDie t ra t eohe h s li t o t rj dc , l u n t 91 ()2 () a o h rco nd h t r r uns ii d doc o sa nlr es pecfe t r nd zs . 1 To t ext ntt Tuck i compl ni aboutm e calcopa entcha geshem us i 0 he e hat s ai ng di ym r t ncuri n or t obui a medi eval ton ofhi bl pr ur and heada compl nt hi cl m f l t der o n cal ua i s ood ess e che ai s, s ai ais o i i t any consiutonaly pr e ed rght So l asan i e i notdeni m edi tea ment mplca e tt i l ot ct i . ong nmat s ed cal r t m er y becaus hecannotpa f t f lcos oft c e,t sat sdecii t cha gehi a pori of el e y or he ul t hat ar he t e' son o r m ton t tc s i ama tro saelw,n ta to bl u e j 1 3.Se CiyofRe r v. a s c et ha o t s te f tt a o cina e nd r 98 e t ve e M s a husts Ge rlHos ial463U. 23 24 ( 98 . nea pt , S. 9, 5 1 3) Bec e Tuck' com pl ntf l t alege f t s ng t Nur El sconduc vi at hi aus s ai ais o l acs howi hat se ko' t ol ed s cons iutonalrght ,s i entted t qualfed i uniy agai tTuck' cl msf monet r damages tt i i s he s il o ii mm t ns s ai or ay . Se S u irv. t,5 U. 1 4, 6( 001 , ver ld i pa t y Pe ro v. la n, 5U. 2 e a ce Kaz 33 S. 9 20 2 ) o rue n r b a s n Calha 55 S. 23 ( 0 (idigt a wh r f csalge d no s o ta d f n n ' c du tviltdace ry 20 9) fn n h t e e a t le d o t h w h t e e da ts on c oae lal esa ihe c nsiu ina rg ,he dee da ti e tte t s mmayj dg ntwiho tf t r tbls d o ttto l ihtt n f n n s nild o u r u me t u urhe dic so o q lfe i s usin f uaiid mmuniy . t) D.M e c lRec ds di a or Tuc sa l ga i a thi m edi alr c ds f i t s t a a tona e c a m a i t k' le tons bou s c e or a l o t e ny c i bl l i ga ns Nur eEl ora s ko nyoneele.HI s PAA , t He t l ur nc Porabiiy a Ac unt biiyA c as he a1h ns a e t lt nd co a lt t o 1 9 i k wn Pu . 1 4 1 ,1 0S a. 9 6( 9 6 , 2U. C. 1 20 - 3 d 9 g v r s f 9 6 s no , b L. 0 - 91 1 tt 1 3 1 9 ) 4 S. j 3 d 1 20 - , o en apaintsrghtt s e, taco of a n nd(orec)hi orhe ownme c lrc ds The te ' i o e ge py , nd me c r t s r dia e or . A c doe no c e e a rghtf a i vi t m ai t i aprva e 1 w s ti hi own na e f r a t s t r at i or n ndi dual o n an i t a ui n s m o heat prvi rsalgedvi ai ofHI .Se Ac r v. nks 470F. 569,570- ( h lh o de ' le olton PAA. e aa Bn , 3d 72 5t Ci. 0 6 ; r e trv. il s 41 F. p' 6 8( t Ci. 1 ) Do dv. o e , 2 F.d5 3 r 2 0 ) Ca p n e Phli , 9 Ap x 5 7h r 20 1 ; d J n s 6 3 3 6 , p 569( hCi.201 ;Se t v. a r 61 F. 530,53 ( h Ci.201 ,c r.de ed, 8t r 0) aon M vbe g, 0 3d 3 9t r 0) e t ni U. ,1 S. .1 4 ( ) W ike s v. ns s606F.d 1 1 n. (1 t Ci. S. 31 Ct 53 2011; l ron Shi eki 3 256, 267 4 0h r 201 .Thec t l,t r f e grntNlreEl smotont dimisa t Tuc sHI 0) our wil he eor, a zs ko' i o s s s o k' PAA cam, n wils mmaiyds s t i cam wi o t rj dc , u s a t o j1 5 e ( )B) a li a d l u rl imis hs li t u p eu ie p ru n t 91 ( )2 ( , s h t al ot rde e n s o l he f nda t . lI 1 Fort sa e r as , hec tgr nt Nur eEl sm o i t dim isa s he t t d e ons t our a s s ko' ton o s s nd umma iy rl d s se Tu k' ohe camswi o t rj dc u e j 1 1 ()2 ( f rfilet saea imis s c s t r li t u p eu ie nd r 9 5 e ()B) o alr o tt h t ea m .An a oprae o d wilis t sda li ppr it r er l s ue hi y. TheClr i die dt s nd c e o t sm e a e k s r de o e opi s f hi mor ndum opi on a a co pa ng ni nd c m nyi or rt pl ntf . de o ai i f EN TER : Thi s !4 ty .d . a ofJ y,201 y ul 2. f' ' i , / /. c iu . t a , ChifUnied St esDititJ e t at src udge