International Fidelity Insurance Company v. Western Virginia Water Authority, No. 7:2011cv00441 - Document 70 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 10/30/2012. (ssm)
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cu s OFF CE u, . SK COURT ERx' I s DI AT ROANOKE,VA FI LED I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN D I STRI OF VI W I CT RG A RO AN OI D I SI CE VI ON 02T 39 2 1 02 JUU C. DUDL , EY BY ye oo ; m Eu bn ) pwciK I TERN A TI N AL FI ELI I SU RAN CE N O D TY N COM PAN Y , Pl i if a ntf Ci lA c i N o.7: 1 c 00441 vi ton 1 - v- W ESTERN V I I I W A TER A UTH OR I , RG N A TY D ef nt-hid- r y Pl i if enda /f r pa t a ntf M EM O M N DU M O PI I N N O FI ST STA TE BA N K R Md By: Hon. l E.Conr d G en a Chi fUnie Stt DititJ e e td a es src udg CARNELL CONSTRUCTI CORPORATI , ON ON Thid- ry De e nt r pa t f nda s. W e tr Vign aW ae Auh rt CW uh rt ',h d fn a t n t id p ryp an if sen r ii tr t o i y to iy' te ee d n a d hr - a t litf ) i t scae,fl ac anta i tFis Stt Ba (Tis Stt')a CanelConsr ton n hi s ied ompli gans rt ae nk l rt ae' nd r l tuci Co p rto (t r e1) algngcamso c mmo lw id mn t to a du j t nrc me t r o ain t n l', le i li f o n a n e i in n nus e ih n, Ca ' ka a ds e i d ca ao yj d me ti isfv r Cu rn l b fr tec u t steAuh rt ' n e kng e lr tr u g n n t a o . re ty eo e h o r i h to iy s moin frsl r j d me ta ans Canel Fo tera o sta flo tec u t l ga t to o l mmay u g n g i t r l. r h e s n h t o lw,h o r wil rn i pa t de i pa tt m o i n r and ny n r he ton. 1. Fact and ProceduralBackaround ual Thi c s aie fom amulipat c r cua dipueove aconsr to pr e o t s a e rs s r t- ry onta t l s t r tucin ojd n he Fal gCre Da i Be od, r ii (drj c ,Th c u t a ara y is e t li e k m n dfr Vign a t oe f) e o r h s le d su d wo n p ERK me or ndum opi onsi t ca edeaii t f c sa outi ng t naur oft dipu es m a ni n he s t lng he a t nd lni he t e he s t . The f l ng f c sar t em os r lva t t Au hort scai agans Cn n l olowi a t e hos t ee nt o he t iy' l m i t r el. Th Auh rt e trdit ac nrc (co ta f'wi Ca n lf rg a i ga dst wo k e to iy n ee n o o ta t t nrc ) t r el o rd n n ie r t h o teP o e t Aspat ft Co ta tt Au h rt wa t r ti 5 o t en u trq e td n h rj c. r o he n rc,he t o i s o ean % f h mo n e u se y on e chpa nta i a i s bm itd by Car l. Thea i ai ac a yme pplc ton u te nel pplc tons knowldgedt tt e ha he Aut iy had r t ne 5% ofa1pr vi pa m e s a t t5% oft c rntr ques woul hort eai d l e ous y nt , nd ha he ure e t d as b rti d ( c t 5 - , .1) lo e eane . Do ke No. 0 1 Ex . Bewe n Se e r2009 a De mbe 201 t Aut iy f r r f re n c c t e pt mbe nd ce r 0, he hort o wa ded ou te he ks f t 5 r ' i get Fis Stt ,i e ng t tt y bede ied i a e c ow a count a or he % et na o r t ae nt ndi ha he a post n n s r c ,s p ovi d f i a es r a e m e bewe t pa te .Howe r t c c di no cea l r de or n n c ow gr e nt t en he ris ve ,he he ks d t l ry i c t t tt y s ul ber t i i as pa a ea c . Asar s t t c kswe e ndi ae ha he ho d e aned n e r t c ount e ul,he hec r de ie i Cn n l' busne ss vi a c post d n r e ls i s a ngs c ountwih Fis Stt t r t a e. I tr ain lFiei I s r n eCo a y (I C' h dp e iusye trd it ab n n en to a d lt n ua c mp n %FI ' a rv o l n ee no o d y 1 ) a e m e wih Ca ne lt s ts y any va i c a m st tCa ne l s s ontac or m i hta s r i gr e nt t r l o a i f ld l i ha r l' ubc r t s g s e t n t ee e t r l fie t p yf rmaeil o lb rp o i e o tePrjc .Th bo dwa a h v n Canel ald o a o tras r a o rv d d n h oe t e n s c ton oft Co r c bewe n Ca nel a t Aut rt a wa e e sy ma par oft ondii he nta t t e r l nd he ho iy, nd s xpr s l de t he Co r c . nt a t Pro t t ec mpeino tePrjc, n o Cnn l' s b o ta tr, e g s n ir o h o lto f h oe t o e f r els u c nr co s F r u o Entm rs ,m a a ca m a ns t bond a ar s tofCn n lsf ilr t pa Fe gus f r e ies de li gai t he s e ul r el' alze o y r on o mae il p o i e t teP o e t Aciga s rt I C padFeg s n $ 65 14 t stl t e tras r v d d o h rj c. tn s u ey,FI i r u o 28 ,7 .4 o et h e Cl i . am Afe I C notfe t Aut iy t ti hadpa d Fe g on' cam a ns t bond,t tr FI iid he hort ha t i r us s li gai t he i r que t d t tt Aut iy pay t I C a lr m ai ng f e s e ha he hort o FI l e ni undsdue t Ca ne lunde t Cont a t o r l r he rc, i l ngt r t i ncudi he e anagea o mt On Jme 1 2011 Cn n lag ee i m i i t tI C s ul m t . t 4, , r el r d n tng ha FI ho d r cevet r i roft Conta tba a e $33 8 98 a wel a t $85, 3 t twa e i he ema nde he r c 1 nc , 65. - s l s he 823.3 ha s s uppos dl benghed i r t i gewih Fis St t e y i l n e ana t rt ae.TheAut rt pai I C t $33, 98 ho iy d FI he 865. r m a ni o t Cont a t and die t d Fi s St e t r e e t r t na t I C . e i ng n he r c, r c e r t at o el as he e ai ge o FI Onl s m etme ltr a trt i tt ton ofI C' s t di t Aut rt l a. t tFis y o i ae , fe he nsiu i FI S ui, d he ho iy e l ha rt n Stt ha neve esa ihe a es r a co . TheAut iy a lgest tCa nel,i t Jme ae d r tbls d n c ow c unt hort le ha r l n he t 1 2011lter a we lasi num e ousc 4, et , s l n r onve s tonsbe wee r pr s nt i oft pa te , rai t n e e e atves he ri s ne i caedt ti hadbe n r c vi t r a na c ksal a ong. ver ndi t ha t e e ei ng he eti ge hec 1 l I is s ta i tt Aut iy, FI s htt r ove t r t i ge s ,a l i t t n t ui ga ns he hort I C oug o ec r he e a na um leg ng ha , ass ey, twa bo h m sgne a s oge ofCa nel' r mani rght i t Con r c . Thi ur t i s t s i e nd ubr e r ls e i ng i s n he ta t s c tta e a or r d t Aut iy t pa I C t $85823. t ts dha be n otr gr ed, nd de e he hort o y FI he , 33 ha houl ve e r t i i e c ow . 1 TheAut iy now as t c t o o de Car l t i m niy t e aned n s r hort ks he our t r r nel o nde f he Aut iyf is$85,23. la lt t I C,ort or rCa e lt digor t ta oun t t hort or t 8 33 ibiiy o FI o de m l o s ge ha m t o he Auh rt t e acam o unu te c me t Th Auh rt as s e d ca ao yrle,nt t o iy md r li f j s mi h n. e to iy lo e ks e lr tr eif i he f m ofa or s a i t tt A u hort i notla e t I C f a t pa d po ton oft or n der t tng ha he t iy s i bl o FI or ny m i r i he c r c balnce I r pl Cn nelsc onta t a . n e y, r l' ouns lfld abrefsa e e ie i tt menti c tngt tisci nt ndi ai ha t le i e t m akeno s t n i r s nt nds o ubs a tve e pons t t m o i nort ke a f r he s e t de e is f e o he ton, a ny u t r t ps o f nd t el i t ltga i n he ii ton. II. D i si scus on A. St andar ofRe e d vi w Att s he ummayj r udgme sa ,t c ur e mi sE t rt e denc prs nt a nt tge he o t xa ne s he he vi e e e s whe s fiin ds g e me t orq ies b sint aj r o wh te ii s o esd dta o e u fce t ia r e n t e ur u miso o u y r eh r t s o n -ie h t n pa t m us pr va la a m a trofl w . A nde s v.Li r v Lob I .477 U . 242,251 53 ry t e i s te a ' ' r on be t bv. nc S. - 1 c u tee tdII Scam ta iwa e tldt ri u sme to te$ 8 ,714 ip i t Feg s n The o rrjce F C' li h t t s nie o emb re n fh 2 65 .4 t ad o ru o . t ( 98 ) Su r j d me ts lb ga tdwhe kh p e dn ,h d s o eya dd sl s r 1 6 . mmay u g n hal e rn e n ç e la igs te ic v r n ico u e t m ae il on fl,a any a fda t s t tt r i no ge nediput a t a m ae i lf t. tra s ie nd fi vis how ha he e s nui s e s o ny t ra ac ' Fed. Ci Pr 5 c . ' R. v. o. 6() . . . B. A nal i ys s i . I m nii aton nde f c i I CountOneoft a n he mend t r pa t c ed hid- ry ompli , heAu hort al sac ant t t iy lege omm on 1w a i e iiaincam a ans Can l.I b o dtr ,n e i i t E)d t t ma eg o a y nd mn fc to li g i t r el n r a ems i d mnt s ç a uy o k o d n y i l s, a g , rla ii i c re b a oh r' a wel stt erg to a ij rdp ryt cam o s d ma e o iblt n u rd y n te ,' s l a t h ih f n n u e at o li y ' t r mbur e e tf isl s da ei s m n or t os , mage o la lt fom ape s n whoha s h adut ''Ha , r ibiiy r ro s uc y.' nove r l .Co.v.Co rr Co ni .nc.31 F.Supp. 81 8 ( D.Va 2003)(uotngBl k' ns rp o mpa es I , 2 2d 6, 21 E. . q i ac s La Dito a v7 2 (t e 1 9 ).C h r a et t p sof n e iy 'ex r s id mnt w cin r 7 7h d. 9 9 ) s ee r wo y e i d mnt : l lp e s n e i f y, bas on awrte a e m e , nd i pled i mniy,a ii ou oft r ltons p oft ed itn gr e nt a m i nde t rsng t he ea i hi he pa tes''d.( i 98 Mihi sJ rs u nce I mniy,j2, t487( 995:.Vigi a1w ri .'I quotng c e' u ipr de , nde t a 1 r ni a r cog z aca eofa ton bas d on i id i mniy. S oneli e Co m i um Uni e nies us ci e mple nde t t tdc ndo ni t Owne s Asocai v. M .Tur ra Compa I , r ' s iton J. ne nd nv.nc.2003W L 2205 79,a *1( Ci.Ct 21 t Va. r . J l 1 , 0 3(iigVi ii Elc & Po rCo. W is n 2 Va 9 9 9 -2 ( 9 1) uy 4 2 0 ctn m na e . we v. lo , 21 . 7 , 818 1 8 ). l ple i m nii to m us ,howe r a i e f om a unde l i c r c ua r l tons p m i d nde fca i n t ve , rs r n r y ng onta t l e a i hi bewe n t pa tes Vici aEl & Po rCo.221Va a 981 82. Eve whe acon r c ua t e he ri . r ni ec. we , .t n n ta t l rlto hpe it,t idrg ts t id mnt ma b ra i t . . o ta tl o l ( n eains i xss tmpl ih l) o n e iy y e e d no . c nr csq ny whe ) i e uni f t s ora s c a r a i hi be wee t pa tesgi r s t s h a rght' que ac or pe i l el tons p t n he r i ve i e o uc i . ' Trns l Ct.I v.USX Co'.976F2d21 228( hCi.1 . a Dules r nc. 1, p 9, 4t r 992) The Supr m e Co toft U nied St t s ha a r s e c rai i t nce w he e a uni e ur he t a e s dd e s d e t n ns a s r que r l tons p be wee t o pa te s i d a rghtt i m nik a i no e es l s a ed i t e a i hi t n w ri s upple i o nde t ton t xpr s y t t n he 4 pa te c r t Fore m pl i Ryan St dorng Co.v. n- ta i S. Cor ,350 U . r i s' ontac . xn e, n eve i Pa A l ntc S. p. S. 2 2( 9 6 , ase e o ewa ijle wh l t o dn as i a ars t fn gie two kd n 3 1 5 )2 tv d r s nt d ie mla ig h p s eulo e l n r o e r g by t seve i co pa a apr vi por. These dor s e s u l s d t s powne he t dorng m ny t e ous t tve e ucc s f ly ue he hi r f rhsij re .Th s io e, oh l t erg t ois c a drj c tela igwok d ne o i nu is e hp wn r wh ed h ih t n pe t n ee t h o dn r o b tese e o igc mp n , ue tec mpa y s e n id mn t f ris ud me t ib ly.The y h tv d rn o a y s d h o n e kig n e iy o t j g n la ii t Cour hel t tt s pow ne w a en il d t i em nii ton bec us oft s e dorng t d ha he hi r s tte o nd fca i a e he t ve i c pa s'o i a i ow i g t t s powne t s o e t c r i a r ms bl s e m a om ny' i blg ton n o he hi r o t r he a go n e ona y af nner' . ' I . t1 3(tl si o i ia) Th Co r f t t a t eHg toi e iys u h byt e d a 3 i i n rgn l. e u t omd h t h h t nd mnt o g t h ac s powne a os fom t e s nc oft c nta tis l, ndt pa te 'saed o i tonsu r hi r r e r he s e e he o r c te f a he ris t t blga i nde t tco r c.J. TheCour alohedt tt se dorngco ny,d t wa rnorofis ha nta t -S 1 t s l ha he tve i mpa l he ra t as t ow n s r c c nnotus t s po wr s f iur t di c ra c r tt c r t ' own e vi e, a e he hi m ' a l e o s ove nd or ec he ontac or s bra ofwar nt asadee e' J=a 1 35. e ch ra y fns .' # t 34TheFourh Cic t a yi Vigi al w, a s f t r ui, ppl ng r ni a has l o ound a i pled rghtof nm i i i mnii to i c rai crumsa s l Ge r El ti Co. M ort,270F. 780( h nde fcain n e t n ic tnce . n neal ecrc v. ez 2d 4t Ci. 9 9 ,h Co r o d rdac mmo c nirt id mn f as ipigc mpa y frl b l y r 1 5 )t e u t r ee o n a e o n e iy hp n o n o i ii a t o dt a ij rdtu kd ie .Th Co r f u dt ttes e il au eo tes ipigid sr , we o n n u e r c rv r e u to n ha h p ca n t r f h hp n n u ty a t i or a i off de alsaut sa r g a i i o s ppi c r t s t e t c e t nd he nc por ton e r t t e nd e ultons nt hi ng ontacs ufk d o r a e t uni f c or nec s r t fnd a i i rgh ofi mniia i he que a t s es a y o i n mpled i t nde fc ton. Mo er c n l, o v r teFo rhCic i h srjce camsb sd o i le r e e ty h we e,h u t ru t a ee td li a e n mpid i m nii t o no i t l c o a s c a r a i hi o t i ue f c or . I Tr ns l nde fca i n, tng he a k f pe i l el tons p r m q a t s n a Dules Ce e .l v.Bd.ofSupe vs sofLoudonCo y,97 F. 21 228( hCi.1 ,t ntr nc. r ior unt 6 2d 9, 4t r 992) he Cou the d t tan ar hie t soblga i n t s ts y l a buidi c r l ha c tc' i to o a i f oc l l ng odesdi notgi a c r t d ve ontac or 2Thtr s ti Rva wa o r edbyt Longs e e sa Ha borW or r 'Compens tonAc Am e e sof e ul n n s verul he horm n' nd r ke s ai t ndm nt 1 2 S e3 U. C. 9 (9 2 ;e as Lo k e dAica Cop v Uni dSae, 6 U. 1 0 1 (9 3 . 97 . e 3 S. j 05 1 8 ) se lo c h e rrh r . . t tts 4 0 S. 9 , 98 1 8 ) e a i ple rg ofi mni a i t a t ne sf e i as twhe et c r t wa f n m id i ht nde sc ton o tor y' e s n ui r he ontacor s ound la l t t prjc o e.L.a 2 8 Th Co r h l t a t a re n bewe nteac ie t ib e o he oe t wn r d t 2 . e u t ed h the g e me t t e h rht c . o a t c r c o wassmpl a o di r s r iesc r tt tc dno ha an i paed a nd he onta t r i y n r na y e vc ontac ha oul t ve tci t c iin ofi mniiai J .Si l l i I enai lSu pl Li I . v.Marh& ondto nde fc ton. #z miary,n ntr tona r us nes ns Co. s M cwr n l c, 3 F.d 1 4 1 6( t Ci.1 8 ) teF u t Cic ih l ta i id lema . n .8 8 2 2 , 2 4h r 9 8 ,h o rh r ut ed h t mpl e i e iiainwa no j siidwh n a is r n ec ni rs e a is rn ebrke f rf n s nd mn fc to s t u tfe e n n ua c a e u d n n u a c o r o u d t c ri rwa oblga e t pay o a ca m. I a 1 .Thec re ar edt tt br rhad he a re s i t d o n li d. t 28 arir gu ha he oke br ac d isfducar dut t t c rirb wihh di i e he t i y y o he a re y t ol ng mporan c r gei or to I a t t ove a nf mai n. d. t 1 7.Th Co r h l t a th rlto hp gewe nt ec rira db o e)wa a o dn r 2 e u t ed h ts e eains i b t e h are n r k r s n r iay t i ur nc br r e a r nge e .... fa i id co r c f i mnii a i wer f md he e ns a e oke ag ra m nt I n mple nta t or nde fc ton e ot r, i i pos i e t te r i ur nce br rwoul i e f c , o e an i u e .' l a 1 l s t s s bl ha ve y ns a oke d, n f e t bec m ns r r' d. t 28. n o r i t Cour not d t tt ca re ' r que tf i m ni a i w a unus i t t t ulng, he t e ha he r i r s e s or nde fc ton s ual n ha he alg db e c o d t wa o ds ll t t poe ta id mnte(h c rir, n n tt b t le e r a h f uy s we o ey o he tniln e ie te are) a d o o oh t ei d mntea datidpat (h c rira dt ecama t.I a 1 7 TheCo r h l t t h n e ie n h r ry te are n h li n) d. t 2 . u t ed ha pa t wha m a t sa ( di y'c r c ,a t onelc ngt s cilr ltons p r of t de hi n û nar ' onta t nd hus or a ki he pe a ea i hi r quiedt i y arg ofi mniiai wast tt br rowe nodut tot g ama ) e r o mpl iht nde fc ton, ha he oke d y E he cli nt t t a wa b e c e c u igijt t t egli n) ( ec rir ma epa me t t te h t s r a h d a sn nt y o h cama t. Th arej d y n s o h r gli n )u d rteds u e c v r g o tela ii is rn ep lc n t e a s o te cama t n e h ip td o ea e f h iblt n u a c o iy, o b c u e f h y b e c o s med t o dt e(li n)b t e(r k r. L. r a h f o u y we h cama t y h b o eq' d ' a The f c s oft c e a ha a e ditngui ha e fom Tr ns l s a M a s & at he as t nd r s i s bl r a Dule nd r h M cle n, t c r c ua r l to hi be we t Aut iy a Ca ne lpr s t l i a nna and he ont a t l e a i ns p t en he hort nd r l e en s m que a s i f c or c e tng a i pled r g ofi m nii a i n. As a i talm a t r t nd pec al a t s r a i n m i i ht nde f c to n nii te , he Aut iy wa f md la et I C f t r ti e a o a ali r tr ul ofCn n l' hort s ot ibl o FI or he ea nag m unt s l ndiec es t r e ls 6 orgi br ac ofisoblga i t pa iss bc ta t s Tha br a h c e t d aco r c ua i nal e h t i ton o y t u on r c or . t e c r a e nta t l oblg ton f Ca nel t dei t unpad pori oft Con r c baanc aswe la t i a i or r l o lver he i ton he ta t l e, l s he rtia ef n s t atidp ry(F C) I i t b e c o ti d t Cn n l' o lg t nt ean g u d ,o hr -a t 1 1 . t s he ra h f h s uy r els bi ai o o r lnquih s st I c- t tt Aut iyhasbe n f r e t s ul r Ast Cour notd i ei s um o Fl ha he hort e o c d o ho de . he t e n M arh & M c nnan t put i i mnio ' br a h o a d y owedt t s m et r pary s Le , he atve nde t r s e c f ut o he a hid t a i twho t pl i ifs kst bei mniid i t o di r s tofcr umsa esi whi h ga ns m he antf ee o nde fe s he r na y e ic t nc n c t fndan i id rg ofi mniy.l o i mple i ht nde t d. Se ondl t Conta tbe w e n t pa te an i i t t pos i lt t tt A u hort c y, he r c t e he ri s tc pa ed he s biiy ha he t iy wo d ha t pa Ca n lss nta t si t e ntCa nel di notm e tisoblg tons The ul ve o y r el' ubco r cor n he ve r l d e t ia i . Aut iy lkel r uie Car l t o an abo a t n i or a e t bo i t t hort i y eq r d nel o bt i nd, nd he nc por t d he nd n o he Co ta i o d rp o e is l i c s o j s s c a e e t Th p y n a pl ains nr d,n r e r td tef n a e f u t u h n v n . e a me t p i to c s itd by Ca ne lr te t d Cn ne lsoblgai t iss onta or ,a wel ast ubm te r l el c e r l' i tons o t ubc r ct s s l he Aut rt sbo ng r quie nt Thea i a i i ude t sa e e : ho iy' ndi e r me . pplc tons ncl d he tt m nt The t ri d Contacor c rii t t ( ) alprvi pr es pa nt mdesgne r t e tfes ha : 1 l e ous ogr s yme s r e ved f o O wner on a c ec i rm c ount of W o k done unde t Contac ha be n r r he r t ve e a i on a co mt t dic r e Contacors lgii t oblgai ns i ure i ppled c t o s ha g r t ' e tma e i to nc r d n c l ci nwih W o k c v rd b p i rAp lc to f rP y n ;()tteo al ome to t r o ee y ro piains o a me t 2 i f 1 l W or ma e i s a e pme i por t d i s i W o k oro he wie lse i k, t ral nd qui nt ncor a e n a d r t r s it d n orco r d by t sApplc ton f Pa m e twilpa st Owne a tm eofpa e ve e hi i a i or y n l s o r ti ym nt feea ce rofa1Lins s c iy i ees a e umbrnc (xc pts hasae r nd la l e , e urt ntr t nd nc a es e e uc r co r d by a Bond a e a e t Owneri mniyng Owne ag ns a s h ve e cc ptbl o nde f i r ai t ny uc Lins s c iy i ee t o e umbrnce) a ( a1 W or c r d by t s e , e urt ntrs r nc a s; nd 3) l k ove e hi Applc ton f Pa i a i or ymen i i a c d ewih t Co r c Doc nt and i not t s n c or anc t he nta t ume s s def c i e tve. ( ke No.50- , bi 9. Doc t 1 Exhi t ) Car l alo a knowl d i ispa nta i ai t tt Aut iy ha r t i d 5% nel s c edge n t yme pplc tons ha he hort d e ane oft pr vi pa e r ques s Thi c i d e n afe t r t i ge c c ha be n he e ous ym nt e t . s ontnue ve t r he e a na he ks d e de ie diecl i oCa lsa cot .J Furhemoe,Car l manti a lt a J postd r ty nt nwl' c mt . Z tr r nel i aned s ae s une 1 2011t ti co e e t ha ngt r ti ge a mtpa dt I C,abetou off 4, ha t ns nt d o vi he ea na mot i o FI l i t undsfom ' r t s he uppos d e c ow a coun . e sr c t l o he w or , he a e e be wee Ca ne la t A ut iy w a notan t di r ' n t r ds t gr em nt t n r l nd he hort s s na y' or c r tbe w e n t o pa tes s h t tfndi a i ple rghtofi m ni i a i i t s c s ontac t e w r i , uc ha i ng n m i d i nde f c ton n hi a e rs st r igc nr co sit isleso terp oe to e si e r oh rc s .Th p ris ik u nn o ta tr no n t r f h i rj c wn r n vey t e ae e a t r e he ehad c r t oblg tonst tte t t oneano he t a t ua l cos deg ee r ontacual i a i ha id hem o t r o n mus ly l e r . W he Ca nelf ie t makepa nt t as n r l al d o yme s o ubcon r c o ,tti ge e as re ofoblgai ta t r i rg r d e i s i tons bewe t pa test te m a l r s t d i t Auho iy bengla et I C f rt r t i t en he ri ha ven ly e ule n he t rt i ibl o FI o he e anage a o . M o eo r i i o ybe a et r t na fmdswe ewr y diti edt Ca nel m unt r ve , t s nl c us he eai ge t r ongl srbut o r l t tt Aut iy e rbe n la et I C. Thec os nes oft c r c ua r l to hi ha he hort ve c me ibl o FI l e s he onta t l e ai ns p bewe t pari , we la t pa tc a f t pr s nti t sca e c t en he tes as l s he riulr ac s e e n hi s , ompelt c r t tnd an he ou t o i i pled r g ofi m nii ton i f voroft Aut iy a i tCm- l. m i i ht nde fca i n a he hort ga ns ne l l. l Unj tEnrc nt us ihme I Co Fi oft a ndedt r pa t c n unt ve he me hid- ry ompli , heAu hort alege acai of ant t t iy l s l m l u t n ih n a ans Can l.Th Auho i a g e ta Cn n l h sb e t u tye rc d mj s e rc me t g i t r el e t rt r u s h t r el a e n mj sl n ihe y by t $85, 33 r t i n he 823. e anage mountt twa i ope l pa dt Ca n l.Ha nga r a ha s mpr ry i o r e l vi le dy dee m i d t tt Aut iy hasarg t i mniia i a ns Cn ne l t cour ne d not t r ne ha he hort i ht o nde fc ton gai t r l, he t e de ietet us e c me tis e I a ye e t teAuh rt i n te tte t r c v ru d r cd h mj t mi h n su . n n v n ,h t o i s o nild o e o e n e y s a t or ofr i f i t sca e. uch he y ele n hi s Un e Vigni lw,osaeacam f ru j s e c me tteplitf mu t h w t a: d r r i a a t tt li o nu t mi h n,h an if s s o h t ()abe ftwa c erd;( t be t i pa t knew oft be t a s ul ras bl 1 nei s onfre 2) he nem ng ry he nek nd ho d e ona y ha e t t rpa t c erngpat f t tbe tt a ()t be itngpa t ve xpeced o e y he onfri ry or ha nei; nd 3 he nefti ry ac ep e orr t i t be ttw ihoutpayi f isva ue. Cole o v.Ge r phi Se v c . c t d e a ned he ne i t ng or t l ll oa a c r i es 8 I c, 3Va 5 , 3 8 ( 1 )(iigSc mitv Ho shodFi n eCop.27 Va 1 ,1 6 n .28 . 6 8 -4 20 2 ct n h d . u e l na c r , 6 . 08 1 ( 0 :.Ho v r twl eeac nr c g v r st erlto s i o tep ris t e utbe 20 8 we e,t h r o ta t o en h eain hp f h a t ,he q ia l g e r me yo u j t mi h n d e n ti . Ac r S r ct e v S n z 8 6F.d9 3 9 6( t e d f nus e c me t o s o le' o n tu trs . wa t, 4 2 2 , 2 4h ' l Ci.1 .Si et pate i t sc eha ac rcua r ai hi i e t ki ofcos r 988) nc he ris n hi as ve onta t l eltons p,nde d he nd l e co r c ua r a i hi gi ng rs t a i i d rghtofi nta t l eltons p vi ie o n mple i ndemnii to s e i r t fcai n, e nfa,he Auh rt c n o s e r siuinu d rat e r o u j t mi h n .Se W RI M o ta e I c to iy a n t e k e t to n e h o y f nus e c me t e - rg c .n . t I v.S. S. s cits 21 F. 528,53 ( 00)CW heeac r tgovenst r ltons pof A. As o ae , 4 3d 4 20 r ontac r he eai hi t pa tes t eq tbl r dyofrsiutongr mde i qua ic r torun us enrc nt he ri ,he uia e eme e tt i ot d n s-ontac j t ihme doesnot1e.) Ra ndpCol asGls & Hus . C.v. le Ca tlCor ,961F. 489, i '; ymo ' esr a pv s P. Alid pia p. 2d 4 (t Ci. 9 2 ( oigt eE l stld'r l t tap ryma n t e o e i q a tl me ut 91 4 h r 1 9 ) n tn h s l et ' ue ha a t y o r c v r n u nt we e m ri a ans a o h rp rywihwho tepanifh sa e p e sc nr c o tesmes be ti g i t n te at t m h litf a n x r s o ta t n h n u jc n quesi . ton) ii i. D ecl ory Relef arat i I CountSi oft a nde t r pa t co pli ,t Aut iy a kst c t o g a n x he me d hid- ry m ant he hort s he our t r nt deca a or r le ,or rngt tt Aut rt i notla et I C f a pori oft l i lr t y e if de i ha he ho iy s ibl o FI or ny ton he mpa d co r c baan ,a t t i t a Ca ne l aong wih Fis Stt ,i labl f a s h n nta t l ce nd ha , nse d, r l, l t r t a e s i e or ny uc mount . The c thasa r a decdedt ma troft Aut iy' diec la lt t I C,a wilnot our le dy i he te he hort s r t i biiy o FI nd l r co i ri he e.Se l e a i lFi lt I .Co. W e t r Vig ni W ae Aut iv, e nsde t r e nt m tona de iv ns v. se n r i a tr hort No. 7: - 00441 201 W L 235 11cv, 2 7368( . Va. pt28,201 (r tngI C' moi f W D. Se . 2) gani FI S ton or s mmayj d me ta an tteAuh rt a do d rn rc v r fo teAuh rt i t e u r u g n g is h to iy n r e ig e o ey r m h t o i n h y a untof$85, 33) ar ul ofPa tI. i oft so ni t Aut iyc ns e mo 823. .As es t r IB.. hi pi on,he hort a e k r i bur e e f rpa e sm a t I C i f flm e ofisc t de ed la lt e m s m nt o ym nt de o FI n ulil nt t our or r i biiy. 11 1. C oncl i us on 9 Fort above saed r as ,hec twilg a i pa ta de i pa t heAu hort s he -t t e ons t our l r nt n r nd ny n r t t iy' moinf rsl r j d me ta ans Ca l Sp ct ly t ec u t lg a t h moinwi to o l mmay u g n g i t nwl. e i l ,h o r wil rn t e to t ka h r pe t t Aut iy' i ple i m nik a i c a m ,a w ilde t m o i w ih r pe t es ct o he hort s m i d nde t ton l i nd l ny he ton t es c t t unus e c nta deca aor rle cai . o he j t mi hme nd lr t y eif l ms The Clr i die t dt s nd c rii d c e oft so dert a1c elofr co d. e k s r c e o e e tfe opi s hi r o 1 ouns e r - zr ENTER :Thi .:. y4:4day ofOcober,2012. s -7r.j t J % . j#. 4. .; . ' .. t,c'j' ,t i t / 6* , o-tz 1 / ' -- ? . t d, +. , . Chi fUnie St t sD i t i tJ e t d a e sr c udge 10