Bandy v. Advance Auto Parts, Inc., No. 7:2011cv00365 - Document 28 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 11/29/12. (med)
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W'- Š:e##I u':, :T. e' DI eoUr AT RQANOKE, VA FIED L I TH E U NI N TED STATES DI STR I CO U R T CT FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STRI O F VI G I I CT R N A RO A N O K E DIV I O N SI 80V 22 2 1 22 X LA C. ùz LY CLERK I l' BY; R O G ER D EAN BA ND Y CL ERK , C i lA ct on N o.7: C Vvi i 11- 00365 Pli s ant M EM O R AND U M O PI O N NI V. AD VA N CE A UTO PA R TS,I C. N , De ndant fe . By:H on. Jam esC .Tur k Seni U ni ed St es D i ri Judge or t at st ct Pl ntf Roge De Bandy (t ai if'or: ndy' ,tld t sa ton algi t the ai if r an û ntf pl t Ba ' ie hi ci le ng ha ) wastr nae i vi ai oft Ag Dici nai i Empl ntAc (W DEA',29U. C. emi td n olton he e srmi ton n oyme tû ' ) S. jj 6213 by hi e oye ,Adva St e Compa l or ae as i ay ofAdva e -4, s mpl r nce ors ny, nc portd, ubsdir nc Aut Pa t,l (' e nt' ç nc ') Adva eds e t tBa sa plye a r e o rs nc.sDefnda 'or t Adva e'. nc iputs ha ndy' ge a d ny ol i hi t r i ton,i t ad c e ng t tB a wast r i t d be us he vi a ed Adva s n s e m na i ns e ont ndi ha ndy e m na e ca e ol t nce' w or a polc pr bii vi e e a t e t ofvi enc kpl ce i y ohi tng ol nc nd hr a s ol e. Thi c s i pr e l bef r t Cour on D e e nt s M oton f Sum m a y J s a e s es nty o e he t f nda ' i or r udgm e . nt ECF. o.21 The Pl i ifr ponded, N . a ntf es ECF N o.23,a t Def nda fl a r pl ECF N o.25. nd he e nt ied e y. The Cour hea d o a a gum e on N o m be 1 201 a t m a t r i now rpe f t r rl r nt ve r 5, 2, nd he te s i or di pos to Fort f l i r s ns D e e nt sM o i f Sum m a y J s ii n. he olow ng ea o , f nda ' ton or r udgm e ,ECF N o. nt 21, i G R AN TED . s 1.Fact Background ual Ba w as e pl yed by A dva e f om M a 20, 1 ndy m o nc r y 963 untlhi t nui ton on Oc obe i s e na i t r 14,2010.Durng hi t e, Bandy hel di f entposii A tt tm e of hi t m i i he i s enur d f er tons. he i s er naton, was sxt ni year ol and he w as w or ng i t Def s Secton of t Recl aton i y- ne s d ki n he ect i he am i De rme Cç fcs'. pa t nt Dee t' ) l hi Compli ,Ba n s ant ndy a lge s ve ali i nt of dic i i ton,i l ng a 1 le d e r ncde s s rm na i ncudi 989 G m o i 'f om a m a ge i l poston t a s r i or pos ton'a 201 t a f r t Def t t de ton' r na r a ii o upe v s ii , 0 r ns e o ec s whi h Ba c ndy co i r d a de oton;a hi O c obe 201 t r i ton.Thi Cour g a e i ns de e m i nd s t r 0 e m na i s t r nt d n pa t D e e nt s M otons t Di m i s a t St i , l a ng onl Ba r f nda ' i o s s nd o r ke e vi y ndy' c a m f s l i or 1 di c i i t y t r i t on i vi a i of t A DEA . See ECF N os. 1 1 M a c 6,201 s rm na or e m na i n ol ton he 5, 6, r h 2 M em or ndum Opi on a Or r a ni nd de . On Ocobe 1 201 Ba a a c wor r J m Ki (% i ',wee i ve i t r 3, 0, ndy nd o- ke , ol ng & ng' r nvol d n ) wha Ba des rbe i hi Co anta a i a e e ha r l edt a ne sor 'ECF No. t ndy c i d n s mpli s s t d xc nge eat o he ws t y. ' 1 Co l a !2 .Ac o d n t Ad a c ,b t Ba d a Kig' c n u td rn t ei cd n , mp . t 8 c r i g o v n e oh n y nd n s o d c u ig h n ie t c tt e a vi ai ofAdvanc spolc pr bii vi e i t wor a e,a boh me onsiut d ol ton e' i y ohi tng olnce n he kpl c nd t n we e t r na e asa r ul.Att tme ofhi tr i ton on Ocober 1 201 Ba y wa 69 r e mi t d es t he i s e m nai t 4, 0, nd s year ol Ki was56. s d; ng The i i n w a w ines e by a l a t t o o he e pl es bot of w hom pr de nc de t s t s d t e s w t r m oye , h ovi d wrte sae e s t Adva e. The frt wines , Cas a a Hal r td t i i nt it n t tm nt o nc is t s s ndr l, epore he ncde i di t y a tr r t he s r s , r r M ye s Hallt rr co t t ts wass a e mme ael fe wa d o r upe vior Ba ba a r . l a e e un ed ha he c rd a wha s ha w ine s t t s w as d r ups t' a t ts was s k l us'a wha ha t t he d t s ed, ha he l y e , nd ha he ve ' o t wo ' t t d ne ha ned t ts w a ac u l t ha ng' whe s s ppe ha he s t aly s ki ' n he poke t M ye s ECF N o.22- Hal De a s o r. 7, l p. t 1 23;ECF No.22- M y sDe a 1 1 ( s rbi Hala beng C sbl s n up'a 0, 5, er p. t 7- 8 de ci ng l s i l i y hake ' nd vi t r 't tBa a Ki S r goi t c t blws'.Myer as d Hal t tl t t vous' ha ndy nd ng t e ng o ome o o ' ne we ) s ke l o ak o W ila Gr g He ron (hema e oft Re lmai De rme a Myer'i lim e ndes t nag r he ca ton pa t nt nd s mmedit ae 1Alhough t Cour dim ise Bandy' cl m s s r t he t s s d s ai uroundi t aleged 1 and 2010 demotons t t ng he l 989 i , ha r i di notpr ude Bandy fom i r ulng d ecl r ntoduci e dence of t e event t expl n hi empl ng vi hes s o ai s oyment hit y ort dem onsr t Def sor o ta e endantsaleged dicrmi or ani .SeeECF No.l M em .Op.a 8 n. ' l s i nat y mus 5, t 4 ( iig Ze ze v.Kas r Pema e t M i Ata tc Stt s Re o s l . No. 1 1 c 95 , 20ll W L ctn ie r n n e d- ln i ae ains nc, :0-v- 9 32 45 a * ( D. . a 28 201 ). 09 , t 6 E. Va J n , 1) 2 s pevio) whih Haldi Hal e t ly wrt a dec i i oft e nt a He ro s u r s r, c l d. l venual oe srpton he ve s t ndes n' r ques .The undi put t tm ony i t tHende s di nott l H a lwhatt pu i t s a e e e t s ed es i s ha r on d el l o t n he t t m nt a t ts wa a one whie s wr t i.ECF No.22- Ha lDe a 20- )ECF No.2 4, nd ha he s l l he o e t 7, l p. t 21 2H e r on De a 8 8 nde s p. t 6- 7. I he w rte s a e e ,M s H a lnot d t tt r w a l om e t ofa g e ' be w e n n r it n t t m nt . l e ha he e s t s ype r um nt' t e K i a Bandy,t t t i i nt m a he ç ee ve y ner ous a ups t' a t t s t d ng nd ha he nc de de r t l r f v nd e , nd ha he ol ' H e r o S o ge s e hi done a nde s n ' t t om t ng bout t s ' ECF N o. 22- , D e Ex. 3, Oc . 1 201 hi . ' 1 p. t 3, 0 Sae ntofCa snd aHal She de ci d Ba ast ppr ac i q( ngla ' s t ng ttme sa r l. s rbe ndy û o hgng Ki bout' omehi a Ki s i a f t r de c i sa e nt ma b Ki t Ba ng ad, nd urhe s rbed tt me s de y ng o ndy,butdi no de a li he d t ti n r wrte saeme a hi t t Ba itn t t nt nyt ng ha ndy ha s i du i t a gum e .l he de ii s d ad rng he r nt n r poston, he a tedt ts c d no he rt t t c dmit ha he oul t a he o al onve s ton, ç w i w a a a gum e by t way r ai but t kne t s n r nt he t y we e ac i ' ECF N o.2 7,H a lD e at8.For e m pl ,s t s ii d t ts s Ba he r tng. ' 2l p. xa e he e tfe ha he aw ndy s ng hi fs a Ki . J a 9. She f t r t tte t ts he r s haki s it t ng . t 2 urhe esii d ha he a d ome of t wo ds a he r nd Z s c fc ly he r Ba pe ii a l a d ndy s y t t E ha had e a ha ç he d noug of i,ofw ha eve w a goi on be w e n h t t r s ng t e t t o oft m . l She a it d i herde ii t ts ne rhea d M r Ba t e t n M r he w he ' d. ' dm te n poston ha he ve r . ndy hr a e . Ki ng. A he r c vi t r po t f om M s Hal r ar ng wha ha ha ne H e r o r e ei ng he e r r . l eg di t d ppe d, nde s n c t c e Ke n G r y,who ha a s w ines e t i i en a ha i e v ne ECF N o.22on a t d vi a d l o t s d he nc d t nd d nt r e d. 4, H e r on D e a 88- 9. fe be ng r que t d t pr vi a sat m e ,G r y di s a t ugh he nde s p. t 8 A tr i e s e o o de t e nt a d o, lho e a ned durng hi de ii t t he di no i ta l r por t i de t m a ge e xpl i i s poston ha d t nii ly e t he nci nt o na m nt be us hed dn' want( ndya Ki t g tr d.'ECF No.22- Gr y De a 8- ,i a ca e d t di Ba nd ngj o etie ' 6, a p. t 9. d. t 2He d ro alo n e i ame a ho e s rl a trHalrpo tdt icde t hi ( No. - , n e s n s otd n mo ut r d ho t fe l e re he n i nt o m ECF 22 1 y De Ex.2 t tHalwin s e Kig yelngt Ba dy a ou s tln a agu n ousd a d t a s e p. ) ha l t e s d n li o n b t elig n r me t tie n h t h s Bandy s ki hi fs atKi See ECF No.22- Hender on Dep.at87aw ha ng s it ng. 4, s 88. 3 22- ( a tsiyi t the beive t c 25 Gry e tf ng ha le d he onduc ofboh me consiutd a vi ai of t t n tt e olton Adva e' wor a e vi e e polc and he be i ved t t bot m en w oul be i m e a e y nc s kpl c ol nc iy le ha h d m di t l tnni td Sfma ge ntf e nae d na me ound outa i') Gry' wrte sae nt pr de o Ocobe i bout t'. a s itn ttme , ovi d n t r 1 de c i d t i i ntasf l s 4, s rbe he nc de olow : Yes e da o 1 / 3/ 0, J t r y, n 0 1 1 ohn K i & M a e Sc dde ng ggi hni r gi)wee i a d e ds u so whl te we e wo kn J l sc r n e p ic sin, ie h y r r ig. om a ke Rodge giqBa a t st ton,a Ba rple s d r sc ndy bout he iuai nd ndy e id a ry (il he di twa t tl a i,J rple wear ngel sc, dn' nt o ak bout t ohn e id, e ol f ks ol f ks a gue a 1t tm e. , e n G r y, ke wha i d ol , d ol r 1 he i 1 K vi a as d, t s goi on? ng J hn r pid i' a o tt st ai n i ( ie J h s i o e le , ts b u he iu to n Chl) o n ad t t he l ave hom e a ha e s bout 5: pm f w or a t vi w i of 28 or k, nd he e ng ( ljwass Chie howna t ttme. tha i J ohn s i R odg r ha t tm e wr ad e d he i ong,R odge r i d a e r eple r yo c lng m e a la ? J u ali i r ohn r ple l s w a t t tm e, Rodge e i d, a t ha i r rpled,you wa tt do s t ng a i? 1, Ke nlqr ple e i n o omehi bout t (1 vi , e id, J h j s wa ta fin l d b t .J l rpid Im n ttyig t o n u t n re dy e ae om e le , ' o r n o fghtyo Br ,but I w ilt ke a pi a bus your f c ng hea i u o. l a pe nd t ' ki u d o n,ldon' gi a f c Ba r ple do i!J w a ke of . pe t ve u k. ndy e i d, t ohn l d f ECF No.22- ,De Ex.31 Oc .1 201 St tm e ofKe n Gr y;ECF No.22- Gr y De 1 p. , t 4, 0 ae nt vi a 6, a p. 7- A c r ng t M r G r y, seppe i be w e n Ki a H al t pr ve e c a i n a t d 9. co di o . a he t d n t e ng nd l o e nt s al to nd ol t t m e t y ne d t ge ba k t wor s no one go tr d.Se ECF No.22- Gr De he wo n he ede o t c o k o t ie e 6, ay p. 89;seas ECFNo.22- ,De Ex.31 Sttme ofKe nGry(tKe ngoti t mi eof - e lo 1 p. , ae nt vi a û vi 1 n he ddl t agume ands i pl s ,don' y'l tg .W eha t g tt swor do ,la i ao '. he r nt ad ea e t ali ht ve o e hi k ne e ve t 1ne!' ) Gr a s t sii d i hi de ii t the bei d Ba ha sa t t a gum e t a ha ay lo e tfe n s poston ha leve ndy d t red he r n , nd d s e d t r Ki a us d a a y t ne a t tBa ç asr dy t fghtKi ' See ECF t ppe owa d ng nd e n ngr o nd ha ndy i w ea o i ng. ' N o.22- G r y De at 1 21 Li H a l Gr y de e t ta 6, a p. 9- . ke l, a ni d ha nyone t d hi w ha t wr t i hi ol m t o ie n s sat m e t r t r he w r e do n e c l w ha he s w .I a 21 I w r ten s a e e s da e t e n ; a he , ot w xa ty t a d. t . n it t t m nt t d Oc o r 1 201 bot K i a Ba t be 4, 0, h ng nd ndy de e a vi e e, a e c de e t t he ha ni d ny ol nc nd a h ni d ha d t hreat ened t ot See ECF N o.22-1,Dep.Exs.5 & 6,Oct 14,2010 St em ent ofJohn Ki he her. . at s ng a Roge Ba nd r ndy.Ki s sa e e a ted a a gu e wih Bandy,butdenid t teihe ng' tt m nt dmit n r m nt t e ha t r m a t eae n hr tned vi e e,de e t t et r m als ese fg i a de e t t a olnc nid ha ihe t ugg t d i htng, nd nid ha nyone se t pped be w e n hi a Ba t e m nd ndy.ECF N o.22- ,D e Ex.5.Ba 1 p. ndy' s a e e a knowl dge s t t m nt c e d t the a Ki ha ave ba di a r e nt butde e ma ng a t e t o s gesi t tt ha nd ng d r l s g e me , ni d ki ny hr a s r ug tng ha he m e fg .I t a Ba n i ht ns e d, ndy e a ne t tK i us d f l ng xpl i d ha ng e oul a uage a t Ki s nd hat ng ugge t d t y s e he ûgo be nd t gr e door'or t t c door'a t tano he em pl s hi he e n ' he s k ba ' nd ha t r oyee çc d l outf ç oul ook or t 'Lae , nga ogi da t s hem. tr Ki pol ze nd hey hookha .#za De Ex.6. ' nds J .t p. The f wrte sae nt (r Hal Gry,Ba our itn ttme s fom l, a ndy,a Ki we e pr de by nd ng) r ovi d He r o t M iha lRus e l who wa t DiecorofHuma Res ce ,Suppl Chan.ECF nde s n o c e s l, s he r t n our s y i N o.22- Rus e lA f i vi.Rus e lt s ii d t t he a one m a t t r i ton de s on,t t 2, s l fda t s l e tf e ha l de he e m na i ci i ha ne t rBa ihe ndy' norK i s a pl yed a r e i hi de s on t t r i t t m ,a t the di s ng' ge a ny ol n s cii o e m na e he nd ha d notknow t i r pe i age att ttme.He ex aned t the c edie t saeme sofHa l her es ctve s ha i pli ha r t d he t t nt l a Gr y and di no a ti e as m uc w e g t Ba nd a d t trbut h i ht o ndy a K i s s a e e s Ba e on t nd ng' t t m nt . s d he w ines s a e e s Rus e lbe i ve t tbot Ba y a d Ki we e i vi a i n of A dva e' t s t t m nt , s l le d ha h nd n ng r n ol t o nc s polc pr hi tngvi e eort easofvi enc i t wor ac (çhePolc '.d. iy o bii olnc hr t ol e n he kpl e t t iy' I ) l pe tne pa t t Polc pr vi s n ri nt r,he i y o de . l or rt pr ec ourTe m M e be s Adva e Aut Pa t hasa n de o ot t a m r, nc o rs z r t ea e o ol r nce polc w ih r s c s t t e t o i de s of i y t e pe t o hr a s r nci nt vi e e ori i i ton i t wor a .Any t r a s i i nt of ol nc ntm da i n he kpl ce h e t , nc de s vi e e, o i i dain o a y naur whas ve (ncl ng olnc r ntmi to f n t e toe r i udi i r tt e t oracs o i i dai die td a i ta Tea ndiec hras t f ntmi ton) rce gans m M em ber .. .by anot Team M em ber w il r t i i m edi e her l esul n m at t r i ton. e m na i ECF No.22- Dep.Ex.23;s eas jsDe Ex.21( ndy' a 1 e lo . p. d . Ba s cknowldgeme ofrceptoft e nt e i he ha ndbook) Purua t t Polc Rus elmadet decsont tr nat bohme . s nt o he iy, s l he ii o emi e t n. 5 I i undiput t t pror t Ocobe 201 ts s ed ha , i o t r 0,Ba ndy was a good wo ke who r c ve r r e ei d exc le pe f r a e l nt r o m nce e l tons See ECF N o.2 Def' M e .Supp.5'ECF N o.23,P1' va ua i . 2, .s m , .s Res 6- Ba p. 7. ndy a l ges A d nc i m e el usng t i i e wih K i a a e us t le va e s r y i he nc d nt t ng s n xc e o t r na ehi be a e ofhi a ECF No. Pl' Res a 3.He a s c e t thi c e mi t m c us s ge. 23, .s p. t lo ont nds ha s onduc t durng t i i ntdi notc tt ea v olton oft Polc i he ncde d onsiut i a i he iy. Adva a s rs t ti t r nae Ba f vi a i t Polcy.ECF No.22,De s nce s e t ha t e mi t d ndy or oltng he i f' M e a 1 l ag e t ti i e tte t s mmayj d me tb c u en ra o a l fc- n e m. t 2.t r u s ha t s n ild o u r u g n e a s o e s n b e a tt d r i c d concude t t Ba y' a wa t r a r as f r hi t r nato I e oul l ha nd s ge s he e l e on o s e mi i n. t mpha ies a sz nd f us on svealfcst s oc es e r a t o uppor isagume ,i l ng:()t tRuselt s epe s who tt r nt ncudi 1 ha s l, he ol ron m a t t r i ton de s onsa r he di notknow Ba de he e m na i ci i ve s d ndy or K i a di no know e t ng nd d t iher ma sa a ( t tAdva eha c itnl a id t Polc a tr nae e o e n' ge; nd 2) ha nc s onsse ty pple he iy nd emi td mplye s who e ge i a t o t ea s ofvi e e r ga dl sofa nga n c s r hr t ol nc , e r es ge. l A nal s 1. ysi A. Sum m ary Judgm entSf andard S mma yj d me ti p o e wheeth r i n g n ieis ea t a ymaeil a t n u r u g n s r p r r û ee s o e un su s o n tra f c a d t t emo n i e tte t j d me ta amatro lw. F d R.Ci . 5 a. g n i eis eof h va t s n i d o u g n s te f a ' e . l ' v P. 6() A e u n su m a e i l f t e s s w hen a r tona t i r of f t c i rng t e de t r a ac xit a i l re ac , ons de i he vi nce i t r c d as a n he e or w hol coul fnd i f vor of t non- o ng pa t Ri c v.D e ef no, 55 U . 55 58 e, d i n a he m vi r y. c i st a 7 S. 7, 6 ( 0 9 .t u r j g n i p r p it o y i tkn t e e ie e a d alr ao a e 2 0 ) s mmay ud me t sa p o rae nl f a ig h vd nc n l e s n bl s i er e dr wn t r r i t lg m os f vor bl t t no ovi pa t ç m a e i lf c s nf enc s a he ef om n he i ht t a a e o he nm ng r y, no t ra a t aeds tda dtemo n p ry i e tt dt j d me ta amatro 1w.' n yv. u zl, r ipue n h vig a t s nil o u g n s te f a ' He r P n el e ' 652 F.d 524,531 ( h Ci.2011 (n ba )( i Aus r v.Ba ofAm.Cor s352 3 4t r ) e nc quotng heman nk p. F. 8 8 ( hCi.2003).Putdifr ty, umma yj me s dbee ee i t Cour 3d 96, 99 4t r ) feenl s r udg nt houl ntrd f he t 6 fn s a trarv e o t erc r a awhoe t tnor ao a ej r c ud rtr av ritf r id , fe e iw f h e o d s l,ha e s n bl u y o l eu n e dc o t non- ng pa t Se Eva v.Te hs Ap i tons& Se v.Co.80 F. 954,95859 (t he movi ry. e ns c . plcai r , 3d - 4h Ci.1 . r 996) M orove ,apa t opposngs e r ry i ummayj r udgme lma notr s u t meealeg tons nt t y et pon he r l ai orde a sofhi pl a ng,but...mus s tf rh s cii f t s wi t tt r i a ge ne nil s e di t e o t pe fc ac s ho ng ha he e s nui is f til' Ande s v.Li rv Lobbv.I ,477U. 242,248 ( 986)(iai omit ) sue or ra. ' ron be t nc. S. 1 cttons ted . çfhe m e e e s e e of s e ale t' r xi t nc om l ged f c ua diput be wee t pa te w il not de e t a a t l s e t n he ri s l fa n oh r s p o e l s p o td mo in f rs t ewie r p ry u p re to o ummayj d me t'An e s n 4 7 U. a 2 7 4 . r u g n . d ro , 7 S. t 4 - 8 ' l t d,t non- ovi pa t m us pr ns ea he m ng ry t oduc ' i fca ty pr tve e de e 'f om whi h a e t gnii n l oba i vi nc ' r s c r ao a ej r c ud rt r avedc i h sfv r Ab o Cop. AM ltl I c,91 F.d9 4 e s n bl u y o l eu n r it n i a o . c r r v. n '. n . 6 3 2 (t Ci.1 9 ) Th s Gth sl yj d me tiq iy ...snziie t ep an ifsc s t 4h r 9 0 . u , ç l e l g mmm' u g n n ur c tnz s h litf a e o de e mi whe he t pl ntf ha pr f r s fc e pr , i t f m o ad isbl t r ne t r he ai if s ofe ed ufi i nt oof n he or f m s i e e de e, ha c d c r y t bur n ofpr ofhi c ai a ti l' M iche lv.Da a G e Cor , vi nc t t oul a r he de oof s l m t ra . t l ' t n. p. 1 F. 1 0,1 6 ( h Ci.1 ) û hie c rsmus tkes ilcae whe c i rng a 2 3d 31 31 4t r 993 . i l ou t t a peca r W n onsdei mo inf rs mma yj d me ti ads rmiain c s b c u emoiei o tnt ciia is e to o u r u g n n ici n to a e e a s tv s fe he rt l su , c s mmayj d me td s o iin rman a p o raei teplitf c nn tp e ala amatro u r u g n ip sto e is p r p it f h an if a o rv i s te f l m ' Eva ,80 F. a 958a ' ns 3d t 59. B. A ge D i m i i Cl m s under t AD EA seri naton ai he The ADEA i vi aed i a e oye û sha g s a i vi l...be us ofs h s olt f n mpl r d c r egl ny ndi dua di ca e uc i vi lsag '29U. C.j6 a)1 ( ) Toetbls anADEA cli da)pl ntf mus ndi dua ' e.' S. 23( () 2008 . sa ih am,t ai if t g pr byaprponde a eoft e de e( c ma bediec orcr msa i ) t ta was ove e r nc he vi nc whih y r t icu tntal,ha ge t S - or c us of t c l ng e pl r de i i ' Gr s v.FBL Fi Se vs. l ,557 he butf ' a e he hale ed m oye c s on. os ' n. r . nc. U. 1 ,1 78( ) s eas EEOC v.ClvPrntncCo.955F. 936,9 ( h Ci.1 S. 67 77- 2009 ; e lo a ii , 2d 40 4t r 992) 7 ($n o de t etbls aca e ofa to t ert ADEA,apli ifmus de ( r r o sa ih us I cin md he antf t monsrt t tb tae ha ut f r t em pl r s m otve t di c i i t ag ns t pl i if on t ba i of ag t pl i i f o he oye ' i o s r m na e ai t he a ntf he s s e, he a ntf wo l no ha eb e (d es l afce j' (mp a i a d d . u d t v e n a v rey fe td .) e h ss d e ) ' l t s c e,t Cour conc udes i i a o i t t a y t f am e or s t f rh i n hi as he t l t s ppr pr a e o ppl he r w k e o t n M cD onnel D ougl Cor . v.Gr e 41 U. 792,807 ( 973)t Ba ' cam . U nder t s l as p hi e n, 1 S. 1 o ndy s 1 i 3 bu d n- hi tng f a e or a A D EA pl i tf has t i ta bt de t esa i h a pr m a f ci r e s f i r m w k, n a n if he nii l l n o t bls r i a e c s ,whih r r hi t s t t( )he i a me rof a pr e td cl s ( he wa a e c equies m o how ha 1 s mbe otce as; 2) s q l idf rt ej b a d me hse o e ' lgt t e p cain ;()h wa tr nae a d uai e o h o n t i mply rs e imae x e tto s 3 e s emi td; n f i ( hewasrplce byas t i l younge i i dua.W ac v.Ohi Ca .I .Co.435F. 4) e a d ubsantaly r ndvi l rh o s ns , 3d 51 51 ( h Ci.2006 .l apl ntf etbls hi prma fce c e,t btr n s fst t 0, 3 4t r ) f ai if sa ihes s i a i as he lde hit o he e pl rt a tc a e a ç eg tm a e, ndi c i i t y r a o f rt t r i ton.' d.a 51 - 4. m oye o ri ul t t ii t no s rm na or e s n o he e m na i ' l t 3 1 l tl t e pl r does s t pl i if m us t n s sf he m oye o, he a ntf t he how t tt e pl r s s at d r as w e e ha he m oye ' t e e ons r notis t e r s ,but wer a pr t xt f di c i i ton. Bonds v.Le vit 629 F. d 369,38 t nl ea ons e e e or s rm na i ' ' a t, 3 6 ( h Ci.2011 (ntr lquot i maksomitd (uotng Hilv.Loc e M atn Logitcs 4t r ) i ena aton r te ) q i l khe d ri si M cmtsl ,354F. 277,285( hCi. . nc. 3d 4t r 2004)(nba l. e nc) 3 The Supr eme Cour has squar y hel t t t mi m otve bur s fi sc t el d ha he xed- i den-hitng heme esablshed f t i or Til V1 c s si Prc W aehou e v.Hop ns 49 U. 22 ( 98 ,i ia lc bl i ADEA c s s te I a e n ie tr s ki , 0 S. 8 1 9) s n ppia e n ae . Gr s , 7U. a 1 - 7. si s b c u eçul ieTil Vl,teADEA' t s d sn tp o d ta a o s 55 S. t 75 7 Thi s o e a s ç nlk te I h g S e t oe o r vie h t pl ntf m a esabls dicrm i i by s i t tage was si y a motvatng f or.'l at l74. ai if y t ih s i naton how ng ha mpl i i act ' d. The Gr s Cour, howe , explcil di not addr s whet t ot bur s fi s os t ver i ty d es her he her den-hitng cheme i n empl ent dicrm i i cas - t M cDonnel Dougl famewor was appr it i ADEA oym s i naton es he l as r k oprae n c s s l a l n. s e as Re v s v Sa des Pl ng P od . 53 U. 1 3, 1 14 ( 00 a e . d. t 75 2; e lo e e . n ron umbi r s, 0 S. 3 4 - 2 20 ) (s u n ,wiho td cdi t tte M c nelDou a fa wo k a ist ADEA camst ta e a s mig t u e i ng, ha h Don l gls r me r pple o li ha r b s d p icpal o cr u tn ile de e .Sub e u ntt -r s t e Fou t Cic i h spemitd a a e rn i l n ic msa ta vi nc ) s q e o G os, h y rh r ut a r te pl ntf t pr an ADEA dicrmi or dichar cl m by diec orcicums a i evi ai if o ove s i nat y s ge ai r t r t ntal dence,and ha s per ted t applca i of t M cDonnel Dougl famewor t A DEA cl ms.Seeue. ,Dufx v. mit he i ton he l as r k o ai g. f Bel l c,47 F.Ap x 91 9 ( t Ci.201 )( p ih d o ni .Mor o r te pa t sa pe rt ks n . 7 p' , 3 4 h r 2 un ubls e pi on) e ve , h ri p a o e -- a reta Mc n el u lsp o ie tea po raefa woki ti c s .na y e e tteCo r ge h t Do n lDo aa rvd s h p rpit rme r n hs ae l n v n,h u t need not ge m ied down i t pr t r n he oper fam e k t be a idaf t uli e l r unde an r wor o pple or he tmat nquiy r y f a ewor f an age dicri i i i t m i i cas r ns t s rm k or s m naton n er naton e emai he ame:whet t pl ntf was her he ai if tr nae b c u eo hi a .Se M e rt v. dDo ninFri tLie l c,6 F. 28 29 - ( h e mi t d e a s f s ge e rit Ol mi o egh n e n . 01 3d 9, 4 95 4t Ci.2 0)Cd t t t n ng t itia e o poofs h me n t utmae qu si t b r s l d i r 0l Nowihsa di he nrc cis f r c e s' he li t e ton o e e ove s ' û s rmiain v lno ' ( ttonsomitd) ç ci n to e n.j ciai di ' te . 8 Noa l ,ûatt i ls se t b r e t d mo taep ee tmeg swih teutmae tb y ç l hs a t tp,he u d n o e nsrt rtx r e t h li t g bur n of pes di t co t t t ghe pli if ha be n t vitm of i e ina de rua ng he ur ha t antfj s e he ci ntnto l dici nain. Leter v.Equa l ,478 F. 640,6 47 ( h Ci.2007)( ttons a s rmi to ' ti i ' nt nc. 3d 46- 4t r ciai nd i ena quottonmakso te . ntr l ai r mitd) C. Bandy' A ge D i c i i i Cl m s s r m naton ai A p yi t f e ng pr nc pl s he e,t Cour w ila s e ar ndo t t Band c n pl ng he or goi i i e r he t l s um gue ha y a e t bls a prm a f c e ca e The Cou tf t r co ude t t Def nda has m e is bur n of sa ih i ai s. r urhe ncl s ha e nt tt de pr uc i by pr di a non- s rm i t r r s f Ba od ton ovi ng di c i na o y ea on or ndy' t nni ton. Se Ree s v. s e na i e ve Sa ron Pl ng Pr . 53 U. 1 1 (000)(d- sb de i one ofpr uci not nde s umbi ods, 0 S. 33, 42 2 <l ur n s -hi od ton, pes i ,i Ca i ve no ce biiy a s s t'' (uoi St M ar s 509 U. a 509 . ruason' t c n nvol rdi lt sesmen.' q tng . y', ) S. t ) Spe fc l Adva ciialy, nce ha a tc ae a fegtm ae nondic i naor r a on' f Ba s s riul td d ii t , l s rmi t y e s ' or ndy' vi ai Rus el, who made t t r nai decson, bei ve t t Ba olton: s l he e mi ton ii le d ha ndy ha vi ae d ol td A dva e' sr c polc f bi ng w or pl ce vi e e or t e t of vi e . A s no e t t nc s ti t i y or ddi k a ol nc hr a s ol nce t d, ha Polc pr dest tt ny t e t ,i de sofvi e e ori i i ton ofa na ur whas ve iy ovi ha t hr a s nci nt a ol nc , ntm da i ny t e toe r (ncudi i rctt e t ora t ofi i dai ...wilr ul i i dit tr nain. Se i l ng ndie hras cs ntmi ton) l es t n mme ae emi to ' e ' ECF No.22- De Ex.23.Rus elba e hi de ii on t sa e e soft wine s ,Ha l 1, p. s l s d s c son he tt m nt wo t s es l a Gr y,whos satm e ss ppor ade e mi ton t tBandy vi atd t Polcy. nd a e t e nt u t t r na i ha ol e he i Ha ng f vi ound t tAdva e hasme isbur n ofpr ton a a tc ae a lgii t ha nc tt de oduc i nd riul td e tma e nondi c i i t y r as f a a r e e pl ym e a ton, ç he M c or el D oug a f a e s rm na or e on or n dve s m o nt c i t t D m l ls rm - wo k wi is p eu to a d bzd ns-ds p e rs,a d t e s l rmanng is e (s r - t t r s mpins n t e -- ia p a g) n h oe e ii su i) h r dici nain ve non. Re ves 530 U. a 1 (nena q tton maks a cttons s rmi to 1 ' e , ' S. t 42 itr l uoai r nd iai o te .ifhe uli t bur n ofpes ng t tiroffc t tt dee ntitntonal mitd) s tmae de ruadi he re a t ha he fnda ne i ly di c i i t d a i t t pl i tf r m ai a a 1tm es w ih t pl i if' Tx.D e t of Cm t s rm na e ga ns he a n if e ns t 1 i t he a ntf . ' p' v. 9 Afar v.Bur ne,45 U. 248,253( 981.Onc t dee n p od esano s i naor fis di 0 S. 1 ) e he fnda t r uc ndicrmi t y e a ton,t pl i if i a f de t opporuniy t pr ve by a pr ponde anc oft e de e xpl na i he a ntf s f or d he t t o o e r e he vi nc t t de e nt s e ana i i m e e y a pr t xt f r di c i i ton tby s i t t t ha f nda ' xpl ton s r l e e o s rm na i t how ng ha he e oye ' pr fr e a to i unwo t ofc e nc ' Re s 53 U. a 1 ( tng mpl rs ofeed xplnain s rhy r de e. eve , 0 S. t 43 quoi ' Bur ne,450 U. a 256) tl uli t q si i wheher t e oye i e tonal di S. t . t- tmae ueton s t he mpl r ntni ly -he dic i i t d,a pr t tThee oye ' pr f r d r s i unpe s i ,ore n obvi l s rm na e nd oof ha t mpl rs ofe e ea on s r uasve ve ousy co rve doe not ne es a iy esa i h t t t pl i if s pr f r r on .. . i co r c .' nt i d, s c s r l t bls ha he a ntf' of e ed eas s r e t '' Ree s 53 U. a 1 47 ( tng St M av',509 U. a 5 .tl i note ug ...t ve , 0 S. t 46- quoi . rs S. t 24) tt s no h o dibei ve t empl r t f c fnde mus beive t pli ifs e a ton of i t nto l s le he oye ; he a ti r t le he antf xplna i n e i na di c i i ton.'St M a v' ,509 U . a 519. s rm na i ' . r s S. t Ba ndy a g s t t hi t r i ton u r t Polc w as m e e y a pr t xt f ag r ue ha s e m na i nde he iy rl e e or e di c i i to To s ppo tt s a gum e ,Pl i ifof e s r to l s t t c n be c t gorz i t s rm na i n. u r hi r nt a ntf f r a i na e ha a a e i ed n o f ba i a pl e s whih t Cour wila es i t m be o . r t he c e t tt f cs our sc r m nt, c he t l ddr s n ul l w Fis , ontnds ha he a t s r undi t i i nt a t uli a e co l i n t t he vi a e t Polc - a e i ur o ng he nc de - nd he tm t nc us o ha ol t d he iy r n diput Pli ifalo a gue t tt i i n s f r whi h ot rAdva e e pl es ha be s e. antf s r s ha he ncde t o c he nc m oye ve en tnui t d a e ( i nii a l m or e e oust n t i i nta quesi ' n t sc e. e na e r ç c fc nty s e gr gi ha he ncde t ton'i hi as ECF No. 23,PlsRep.a 1 (mpha i i orgi l.Thid, antf post t tt r i adiput offc a ' s t7e ss n i na) r Pli if is ha hee s s e a t s t He r on' l ve of i ve e i t t r i ton d i i He c e o nde s s e l nvol m nt n he e m na i ec s on. ont nds t t H e r o ha nde s n ha prviusy saed (n c me ton wih t tr nain ofa here oye mo hseale) d e o l tt i ol ci t he emi to not mpl e nt rir t tAdva e ha a polc t t r nae ol rwor r a c am st tHe r on' i ve nt ha nc d iy o e mi t de ke s nd l i ha nde s s nvol me he e s ppo t a i e e e t t t t r i ton de i i was ba ed on a Fourh a fnaly, r u r s n nf r nc ha he e m na i c son s ge. t nd i l Pl ntf advances a t y t tA dvance us t D ef s Secton as a 'dum pi gr ai i f heor ha es he ect i l ng ound ...f or ol e pl es w ho ha bee s e t d f t r i to ' ECF N o.23, P1' Re p.a 11 H e der m oye d n el c e or e m na i n. ' .s s t . be i ve t t Adva e s nt hi and ot r ol r e pl e t r wih t ho t t t w oul le s ha nc e m he de m oye s he e t he pe ha hey d f i t a qua ey pe f m t mor sr n a l o de t l ror he e te uouswor s t y c dt n bet r i t d. k, o he oul he e m na e The Co t w il e m i tr t t c pe lng e de ur l xa ne i s he om li vi nce i t r c d s w i t t n he e or ho ng ha A d nc s pr f r r s w a is t u r as f Ba va e' of e ed ea on s t r e e on or ndy' t r i ton a not m e e pr t xt s e m na i nd r ee . The i wil a e s e h of t f ar um e s of e e by Ba n, t l ddr s ac he our g nt f r d ndy a s nd how why none of Plitf ste re o p o fr de i e c aes fi in t d fa s mmayj d me t I s o t a an if h ois r r fee v d n e r u tce t o ee t u r u g n . n h r, s dic s d he en,no r s bl f tfnde c d l k a t e de e bef e t Cour a s us e ri ea ona e ac-i r oul oo t he vi nc or he t nd c l t tPl i i f sage w a t butf c e ofhi t r i ton. onc ude ha a ntf ' s he -or aus s e m na i 1. A dvance' Prof ered Reas l Support By Am pl Adm i bl Evi s f on s ed e ssi e dence Tw o poi s a e pa tc a l s i nt i e l tng whe he A dva s pr f r d r a o i nt r ri ul r y ale n va ua i t r nce' of e e e s n s m e e pr t xt f di c i i ton. Fi s , t un s ed e de e s r e e or s rm na i r t he di put vi nc hows t t A d nc has ha va e c i t n l a pled is Polc and ha t r i t d ot re pl es a is D i ti i Ce e who ons s e ty p i t iy s e m na e he m oye t t srbuton nt r vi a e t Polc r r es of a The r cor r fec s t t s nc 2008, t f l ng ol t d he i y, ega dl s ge. e d e l t ha , i e he olowi i vi sweealtr nae afe vi ai t Polc ( )Fer W a ag 20a t tmeof ndi dual r l emi td tr oltng he iy: 1 ron de, e t he i tr nai f t owi a mealhoo a a c woke ;( J Ki a 56 a t tme of emi ton, or hr ng t k t o- r r 2) ohn ng, ge t he i tr nain,f hi r ei t i i ntwih Mr Ba ( Aln Ra and,age50a t tmeof emi to or s ol n he ncde t . ndy; 3) a gl t he i t r i ton, f r s a i C e m na i o t tng t guys wilbe l ky i I do t go hom e and ge a gu a kil you l uc f n' t n nd l s one'whieon c ome ' l ompa pr ry;( Riky W e ks a 30 a t tme oftnni to f ny opet 4) c e , ge t he i e nain, or pus ng and t e tni a c r ;a ( Rod y He i tl, a 27 a t tme of hi hrae ng owoker nd 5) ne ptnsal ge t he i tr i ton,f t e t ni t punc ac e m na i or hr a e ng o h owor r Se ECF No.22- De Exs 24- ECF No. ke . e 1, p. . 28; 22- 0,Def' Res t l er ! 1 Notbl morove,Ba ha bee una et pon t a 1 .s p. o ntrog. 5. a y, e r ndy s n bl o it o sngl em pl i e oyee w ho vi at t Polcy and was nott m i ed.4 ol ed he i er nat 4 Bandy aleged i hi Com pl ntt ot r who had vi at t polc had notbe t m i ed. The l n s ai hat he s ol ed he iy en er nat r d dicl es t t one of t i vi s r f enc by Bandy was i f t nat The ot ecor s os ha he ndi dual e er ed n act enni ed. her The Co ta s fnds i pr tve t tRus el ma t de ii t t r nae Ba s ur lo i t oba i ha s l de he cson o e mi t ndy' e o nt ECF No.22- Rusel Af.a ! 2,a t ti i notc e td t tRusel ha no mplyme , 2, s l f t nd ha t s ontse ha s l d kno l dge oft age ofeihe Bandy o Ki 5se i s Thi f ti s gni i ant ofc s ,be us w e he t r r ng. e g s ac s i fc , our e ca e . a ca not ha be n t but f c us o Ba ge n ve e he - or a e f ndy' t m i ton i Rus e ldi no know Ba y s er na i f s l d t nd a di no know hi a .61 t d,Rus el t tfe t a he ba e hi dec so on t sa e nt nd d t s ge ns ea s l esii d h t s d s ii n he tt me s oft winese ,M s Hal a M r Gry,a t thedi notc ns twih Hendes n.Se j.a he t s s . l nd . a nd ha d o ul t ro e .a t l !!3,6. orove,a e n Ba ac wl di hi de ii i wa eniel r s bl f M e r s ve ndy kno edge n s poston,t s tr y eaona e or Rus e lt r l on t ve s ons ofa i i nts tf t by dii e es e wines e ,i t a of t s l o ey he r i n nc de e orh s nt r t d t s s ns e d he ve s o a nce by t e i ve i t i i nt See ECF N o. 3,Bandy D e a 11 1 r i ns dva d hos nvol d n he nc de . 22p. t 3- 5. 2. Bandy' Pr f e Evi s of er d denc of ipre e ' and C i um s antal Evi ne of e é t xt' rc t i de e Di m i i Is Insuf i entt D ef Sum m ar Judgm ent scri nat on f ci o eat y The Cour t ns next t Ba t ur o ndy' f a gum e s a r l t d e denc t t he a gue s our r nt nd e a e vi e ha r s rn e s mmayj dg n i r p r Asn td, i frta g me ti t t h r a ed s ue o fc e d r u r u me t mp o e . oe h s is r u n s ha t ee r ip ts f a t s r ndi w ha a t ly ha ne durng t i i nt a a t whe he hi c ur ou ng t c ua l ppe d i he nc de nd s o t r s onduc a t ly t c ua l vi a e t Polc But w hie t e f c s m a be i di pu e,t y a e no l a e i l' t t ol t d he i y. l hos a t y n s t he r t t t ra ' o he m outomeofhi cam.SeeM aa c v.Spe r,675F. 281 29192 (t Ci.201 (a t ae c s li rcih as 3d , - 4h r 2) fcs r i de r er nci nt ef enced i t Com pl nt i ved t empl n he ai nvol wo oyees,one of whom appar nty t d t ot e l ol he her t cet Es yourdamn m out 'durng wor AsBa conceded athi deposton,t e wasno t ea wi o thut h' i k. ndy s ii her hr t ofvi e durng t s l t i dent ECF No.22- Bandy Dep.at53- M or olnce i hi ater nci . 3, 55. eover Gr was alo a , ay s winesst t s and sat t beca e no t ea swe e made durng t ti dent hebeleved i wasnota t o hi , t ed hat us hr t r i ha nci , i t vi a i oft Polc ECF N o.22- Gr y Dep.at l 24.By contas ,Gr y t olton he iy. 6, a 5, r t a houghtbot Bandy and h Ki vi at t Polc Addii l i does not appea t t i dent wher one empl ng ol ed he iy. tonaly, t r hat he nci e oyee t d ol a hert k hutyourda n m out 'wasr t t mana m ent not o ç s m h' epored o ge . 5C onssent w ih t ot evi it t he her dence i t r or , Rus el alo t tfe t he has t m i ed ot n he ec d s l s esiid hat er nat her e pl m oyeesf vi a i t Polcy a t the di notEknow wha t agesoft e t m i ed peopl ar or oltng he i nd ha d ç t he hes er nat e e b c u eap s sa edo sno ma trt mei s hcr u tn e . ECF No 22 2 Ruse l f a !5. e a s eron' g e t te o n uc ic msa c s' ' . - , s l Af. t 6A s expl ned by Rus el, hi ofi i noti t diti i cent wher t t m e wor a he ai s l s tce s n he srbuton er e he wo n ked nd di n tk ow ei rBa dyorKi ECF No.2 2,Ru s lAf.a !2.Lie s ,Ba y tsiidt a he d o n t he n ng. 2- s el f t k wie nd e tfe h t di notknow Rus la had no r on t t nk t tRuss lhad any bi agai thi becaus ofhi a d sel nd eas o hi ha el as ns m e s ge. ECF N o. 3,Bandy Dep.at14-1 226. 12 C tra' frs mmayj d me tp po e wh n çh y mih afc teo to o t c s ' . i eil o u r u g n u s s e t e g t fe t h u c me f he a e' ma ' t ) H e e, he he ornotBa y a t ly vi a e t Polc i i m a era t hi cl i . r w t r nd c ua l ol t d he i y s m t i l o s a m The pe tne t ri n i uiy i notw he he t em pl yee ac e i a wa s ast w a r ntt r i ton,bu w he he t nq r s t r he o td n y o o r a e m na i t t r he dec s onm a r hone ty be i ve t e pl ee s a t See H ola v. W a hi l Hom es ii ke s l le d he m oy o c ed. l nd s ng on . l ,487 F. 208,21 ( h Ci.2007) (l-j unc e td evi nc e t ihe t t ghe nc. 3d 7 4t r tr-he ontse l de e sabls d ha t de ii ma r hone ty bele dt t(hepli if desr e t bedic r ed ...r r e sof cson kej sl ive ha t antfj e v d o s ha g egadls whehe (hepl ntfl di i fc is t tze t....g li t y,i i t pece ton oft t r t ai it d n a t sue he lras uqtmael t s he r pi he de ii ma rwhi i r lva .)(ntmalquotton maksand cttonsomitdl Ti ly v. cson ke ch s ee nt' i e ' ai r iai te ; nse Fis . pn Na' Bnnk, 155 F. 435,444 ( h Ci. 1 rt uni tl 3d 4t r 998) ( i t t a dicrmi t y notng ha s i naor - r t la i pl i iff ie t pr vi e de e t tt frng s pe v s e kne s ha tl a e a i ton a ntf a l d o o de vi nc ha he i i u r i or ven w he d ied cam f rd srmiain , v rue o oh rgo n sb Na' R. Pa s n e Co . .Mo g n li o ici n to ) o er ld n t e r u d v tl R. se u r p v r a , 5 6 U. 1 ,1 5 ( 0 2 . n y ofr n e i e c t u d r n Ru s l' a e nsta he 3 S. 01 0 2 0 ) Ba d fe s o v d n e o n emie sels v nne t h t bei ve Ba le d ndy ha vi a e t Polc l ed,bas d on t wine s sa e e s p o d t d olt d he i y. nde e he t s tt m nt r vi ed o Rus e l he r as bl be i ved t ta vi a i oft Polc ha occ r d. s l, e ona y le ha ol ton he i y d ur e Pl ntf ne a g st thi r e i t Oc obe 13, 0 i i tdi no r s t t s m e ai i f xt r ue ha s ol n he t r 201 nc den d t i e o he a l ve of t e t or i i i ton a ot e pl e t r i t d by Advanc f vi a i o t e l hr a ntm da i s her m oye s e m na e e or ol ton f he Polc Thi a g e , oo,i una ii A ga n, dti t pe c pton oft de s onm a rw hi h i y. s r um nt t s va lng. i ti s he r e i he ci i ke c i r l n . Hola 487 F. a 21 Thi Co tmus l t whe he t decsonma r s eeva t' ' lnd, 3d t 7. s ur t ook o t r he ii ke hones l bele ty i ved t pli tf de er d t be dic r d. Ba he a n if s ve o s ha ge ndy has ofe e no hi t t f r d t ng ha con r di t Rus e ls t s i ony t t Rus el be i ve t co ta c s s l' e tm ha s l le d he nduc vi a e t Polc a t ol t d he i y nd w a r nt t r i to nor ha Ba r a ed e m na i n, s ndy of e e a hi t s es t t Rus el' r a r s f f r d nyt ng o ugg t ha s ls e l ea on or t r i tng hi w a hi a .7 e m na i m s s ge ?Bandy' poi taboutt e egi nes ofhi conduc m a be vald as a materofcomm on s e, ie. i he gr ous s s t y i t ens . , t s n mi s ght eem unwie or an extem e s ton t t r i t s eone f t conduct her whi di not s r anci o e m na e om or he e, ch d 13 Pl i if a s c am s t t He r o was ivol d i t t r nai decson, t t antf lo l i ha nde s n n ve n he e mi ton ii ha Hendes i st ti r n'i t tr nai ofot rol re oye (eeECFNo.23, ron s he rgge ma 'n he emi tons he de mpl es s wa Pl' Rep.a 8 1 , a t t he drfed $ tkam M e r Aci Re t t t l d t .s s t - 0) nd ha at d ' a I mbe ton por' ha ai he f oundai frMr Ba st nai 'L aa 1 Thee e ofHe ron' i veme i ton o . ndy' enni ton. 4 t 5. ' xtnt ndes s nvol nt n t de i i aki pr s t t r i t em pl e - i l ng Ba he c s onm ng oce s o e m na e oye s nc udi ndy- i i por a t be us s m t n ca e t r i a i sbl e de e t t He he e s dm s i e vi nc ha nder on pr vi usy m a a s a em e c ea l e nc ng s e o l de t t nt l ry vi i dic i nat y a musbas on ag Tha i,a t rf me e oye Hom e W a r n Smih, s rmi or ni ed e. t s no he or r mpl e, r re t tsiidt ta t tmeofhi o tnui ton( choc ure i Ma 201 fvemont bef e e tfe ha the i s wn e nai whi c rd n y 0, i hs or Ba s,He ron ( t Myer'a e me a a uis e ) t d Smih t tAdva eha ndy') nde s wih s gre nt nd cq e c nce, ol t ha nc d d i d t tr naeale o l oundorove t ag ofsve y. SmihAf.!8;seas ecde o emi t 1 mplyees t ar r he e e nt ' t f ' e lo Smih De . 1 30. Eval tng c e biiy a dr wi i e e esi t lghtmos f vor bl t t p 3, 8 ua i r di lt nd a ng nf r nc n he i ta a e o t Pl i i f t Cou t w il as um e t t H e r on m a t s s a e e and t t i e nc a he a ntf , he r l s ha nde s de hi t t m nt ha t vi es di c i i t y ani us How e ,E he pr t c e t a t t us ha a t l pl ye a r e i t s r m na or m . ver s t o e t d r i m t ve c ualy a d ol n he e oye ' de sonmaki pr e s a ha a dee m i tve i l nc on t out ome.' Hil mpl r s cii ng oc s nd d tr na i nfue e he c '' l, 35 F. a 286( i Re ve ,5 U. a 1 ) 4 3d t quotng e s 30 S. t 41. A lhough Ba t ndy ar s t H e r on pl ye a s g fc nt r e i t dec s on t gue hat nde s a d i nii a ol n he ii o t r i t hi ,Band t sii d t the di notknow who ma t de son t t r nae hi . em na e m y e tfe ha d de he cii o e mi t m ECF N o. 22- Ba y De a 1 1 I t a a s gnii a l - t t tm ony f om bot 3, nd p. t 4- 6. ns e d- nd i f c nty he es i r h H e r on a Rus e lw a t t H e er on w a no c ule no di he i l nc i a way nde s nd s l s ha nd s s t ons t d r d nfue e n ny i ve any physialvi ence a whih,by al ac nvol c ol nd c l count ,ended lt r i t day a i y,wih Ba s a e n he m cabl t ndy and Ki s ng ha .But t s Courtdoes not tst as a tuperper onnel depa t ng haki nds hi ii s - s rmentwei ng t ghi he pr de c o e o n d ciins ma e b t dee da tl' An ro v.W etn ou e Sa nn h u n e f mplyme t e so ' d y he fn nl. de s n ' siah s va a Rie Co.4 F.d 2 ,2 ( t Ci. 5)( u tn De a n tev. ni el . 1 3 F.d29 29 ( t v r , 06 3 48 72 4 h r 200 q o ig l r e t Cor ng nc, 3 3 3, 9 4h Ci. 1 :.The Co ti c nfne ise d t e a nig wh t r o t r c r b f r i,t r i r 998 ur s o i d n ta o x mi n ehe, n he e o d e o e t hee s s fi in e i n e fom whc a r a o bej y c ul tn i Ba dy' fvo a t hs ds rmi ton u tce t vde c r ih e s na l ur o d i d n n s a r s o i ic i nai cl m ,and t Cour concl ai he t udest t ei not hat her s . 8Hender on a M yer bot de evermaki orhearng s as aem ent s nd s h ny ng i uch t t . 14 Rus e l s de i i t t r i t bot Ba s l' c son o e m na e h ndy a Ki ECF N o.22- H e r on D e a 90- ; nd ng. 4, nde s p. t 91 ECF N o.22- , Rus el Af i vi.Thi Cour m us dr a 1 r as bl i e e e i t lg 1 s l f da t s t t aw l e ona e nf r nc s n he i ht m os f vor bl t t Pl i if H ow e r e n i t Cour a s e t t He r on m a t t a a e o he a ntf . ve , ve f he t s um s ha nde s de he sa e en t Sm ih a t t s a e e t r l c s a dicrm i t y ani us ( he pr t c e ta t tt m t o t nd hat he t t m n efe t s i na or m ,t t oe td ri t us ha pl yed a r e i t e pl r s dec s onm a ng pr es a ha a de e m i tve m t ve a ol n he m oye ' ii ki oc s nd d t r na i i l nc ont out me.'Hil 35 F. a 28 ( tng Re ves 530U. a 1 ) Hee,t t nfue e he co '' l, 4 3d t 6 quoi e , S. t 41 . r ha c u a lnk i lc ng.Asnot i wasRus elt tm a t de son t tr na e Bandy,af c r cil i s a ki ed, t s l ha de he cii o e mi t at t tBa ha no di put d. ha ndy s t s e The s e e de ol vi nce Ba ndy ofe s t s ppor hi a gument t t He r on s how fr o u t s r ha nde s ome i l nc d t de s on i t f c t t H e r o a r l d a t t pa a a of t nf ue e he ci i s he a t ha nde s n ppa enty r fed he r gr ph he i tg i r por t t s t f t t c nvesi atve e t ha e orh he onduc of Ba t ndy.A s H e r on e a ne ho e r he nde s xpl i d, w ve , dr fed t ta t r ques ofRus e l t de ii a t ha t he e t s l, he c sonma r a trt t r i ton de ii ha be n ke , fe he e m na i c son d e ma ECF N o.22- He r on De a 90de. 4, nde s p. t 91.M or ove ,Ba y' r i e on Hende s s e r nd s elanc ron' dr fi oft r por i m i pl ce be a e t r i not ng i t s a e e t ti c r dit y a tng he e t s s a d c us he e s hi n he t t m nt ha s onta c or t t sorest d by H a land G r y.Tha i , he e i no hi t s o he t i ol l a t s t r s t ng o ugge tt tH e r on di t t s ha nde s sored or o he wie s we t f t of t i de a i wa t d t hi by t t i pe nt t r s ke d he acs he nci nt s t s ol o m he wo nde nde wine s .I t ad,t ac unthe pr de i t tr por f m i who l co itnt wih t t s es nse he co ovi d n ha e t or s ly nsse t he de ii t tm ony of bo h H a l a G r y, N o i t r any e de e t t Hende s poston es i t l nd a r s he e vi nc ha r on i pr pe l i l nc d t i tga i Se ECF N o.22- Gr y De 20- ECF N o.22m o ry nfue e he nves i ton. e 6, a p. 21; 7, H a lDe 20 21. l p. - Fourh a tna l Band a t nd i ly, y dvanc s at or t tAdva us d t De e t Se ton asa e he y ha nce e he f c s c i d pi g ound ...f ol e pl esw ho ha be n s l c e f t r i ton. ECF N o.23, s dum ng r or der m oye d e e e t d or e m na i ' ' 15 Pl' Resp. 11.9Pl i ifpoi s t hi o ta f rt De e t i J nua y 201 ,a wela t antf nt o s wn r nse o f c s n a r 0 s l s he . s tans e of f m e e pl es Pe nal Sm ih,a M a Pl i if a gues t tol r w or r w e e r f r or r m oye r , t nd be. a ntf r ha de ke s r t a f r e t t D e e t s c i - w hi h t y des rbe a a dem oton ba e on t m or r ns e r d o he f c s e ton c he ci s i sd he e sr nuousw or a D e e sposton r quie s t tt y w oul sr e w ih t i pe f m a te k f ct ii e r d- o ha he d t uggl t he r r or nce a c d t n be t natd.Se j! a 8- 1 Hehasi lded afi visfo s oft s nd oul he enui e e .s t l . l . ncu tda t rm ome he e i vi l t ts ndi duas ha uppor hi agume .Fo e mpl,Mr Penalaguest ti i hi belefhe(nd t s r nt r xa e . r r ha t s s i a ot rode e o s weetanse r t Def t a t amor ditc tposton s t tt y he l r mplyee ) r r fred o ecs nd o e fiul ii o ha he w o d sr e a be t r i t d, and t t t ta f r w as pa t of a pl n t t m i t hi ul tuggl nd e m na e ha he r ns e r a o er na e s e pl m e due t hi a ECF N o.23- Afi vi o Car Pe na .Pe na w a 73 a t tm e of m oy nt o s ge. 3, tda t f l r l r l s t he i hi t r i to Si lry, M r Smih ha pr de a afi vi a t tm on t t he wa s e m nai n. mia l . t s ovi d n fda t nd esi y ha s t r i t d f om Advanc a ag 76 a t t i w a hi bele Adva e t a f r ed hi t a m or e m na e r e t e nd ha t s s i f nc r ns e r m o e o eo s p sto ( ee hs a t ts p e ne hi fo pefnni g h s d te i a tmey n r u o iin wh r i rl i rve td m rm ro n i u is n i l ui ma r s t tico dtr naehi duet hi ag ECF No. 6,SmihAf. nne) o ha t ul emi t m o s e. 23t f A dva s a est tM r Pe na a M r Sm ih w e e bot t r i t d f poorpe f m a e nce t t ha . r l nd . t r h e m na e or r or nc ba e on a c sd omput r pr r m t ttm e a e l t d t i wo k,and t tt pr a wa e og a ha i d nd vaua e her r ha he ogr m s a i d i a ag neutal m n r Appa e l M r M a r s gne upon notc of a pe ng pple n n e- r nne . r nty, . be e i d ie ndi t a f r t Def c s ECF N o.23 a 1 11 I a eve ,Ba ar s t tafe he m ai ai d a r ns e o e t. t 0- . n ny nt ndy gue ha t r nt ne n a c pt bl pe f m a c e a e r or nce l veli D e e t a di no I a l'a he w a e c e t do,A d nc e n f c s nd d t t i' s f s xpe t d o va e nee d to fnd a t rwa t tr nae ( ml'J a 1 Heague t tAdva sie upon de i i nohe y o emi t hi .'Z t 2. r s ha t nce ez d t Oc obe 1 201 i de wih Ki a a e us t tr i t hi . he t r 3, 0 nci nt t ng s n xc e o e m nae m 9B andy' cl m t t e was s e s 4 ofpolcy orcons r y atAdvance t di rm i e agai tol s ai hat her om ol i piac o sc i nat ns der wor s i under by t f t t he never compl ned about age dicrm i i or age-elt d ker s cut he ac hat ai s i naton r ae com ment whieem pl s l oyed by Advanc e. 1 6 Ev n i Plitf' e i e c ,c b ld t g t e,c ud s me o la aj l t c n ld e f anifs v d n e o be o eh r o l o h w e d u' o o cu e y t tAdvmw e i f c had s h a polc oftyi t ous ol rw or r ,i sildoe notove c e ha n at uc i y r ng o t de ke s t tl s r om t s ik e de rlt t Pli ifstr nain.Se Hil 35 F. a 286 ( ai ifmus he pecf vi nce eaed o antf emi to e l, 4 3d t pl ntf t pr t thi a ta t ly m otva ed t e pl ye ' de i i n' a a or ngl s a e e t by ove ha s ge s c ua l i t he m o r s c s o ' nd cc di y, t t m n s non- cii de sonma r orsa e e s unr lt d t t de son pr s do nots tc t s tsy t ke s t t m nt ea e o he cii oce s ufi e o aif he pli ifsbur n ofpr ngdici nai .Tha mae ile denc s antf de ovi srmi ton) t tra vi e howst ta HR ma ge , ha n na r w ih no know l t edge of Ba ndy' a , f m d t t B a y vi a e t Polc a i t w o kpl e s ge ot ha nd ol t d he i y ga ns r ac vi l nc w hi h r r t r i to unde t Polc Tha m a e ba e hi d i i o e e, c equied e m na i n r he i y. t nag r s d s ec s on, m o eo r o w ine s sa e e s f om t o pe s ns who Ba r ve , n t s t t m nt r w ro ndy doe nota l e ha a a m us s leg d ny ni a ns hi , bas on a o o he wi e M or ve , o he e pl es of v yi ag w e e gai t m ed ge r t r s . eo r t r m oye ar ng es r tr na e f r sm ia condud.Gi n t s undipu e e de ,t e i smpl nots tc e t e mi t d o i lr ve hi s t d vi nce her s i y ufi i n e i e c fo whc ara o bej r c u dfn Ba d wa tr n tdb c us o h sa e v d n e r m ih e s na l u y o l i d n y s emiae e a e f i g . F r a1o te e ra o s t Co r c ncu e ta s mma y j d me ti Dee d n ' o 1 f h s e s n , he u t o ld s h t u r u g n n fn a ts f vori pr r a s ope . 1 Concl on 11. usi As um i ar ndo t tPl ntf c n e t ls a prm a f ce c s ofag dic i na i s ng gue ha ai if a sab ih i ai ae e s rmi ton, t Co tfndst tt r i no g neis ofmaeilfc t pr l e s he ur i ha he e s enui sue tra a t o ecud ummayj r udgme f nt or t De end nt Pl ntf has f ie t s w t t A dva e' e a ton t t Ba he f a . ai if a l d o ho ha nc s xpl na i ha ndy w a s t nui td f r vi a i is ze o-ol r nc wo kplc vi e e polcy wa m e e y a pr t x f e nae o oltng t r t e a e r a e olnc i s rl e e t or a dic i nai Li wie,Pl n if ofe s i ufii nt e de e fom whi a r a ona e ge s rmi ton. ke s aitf f r ns fc e vi nc r ch e s bl f ti ac tnderc d c ude t thi a w ast t tf r'c us ofhi t m i ton. oul oncl ha s ge he t o ' a e bu s er na i Fo te f rg ig ra o s t Co r c n l d sta n r a o bej r rc ud fnd ta r h o e on e s n , he u t o cu e h t o e s na l u o o l i h t Bandy was t r i t d be a e of hi age A c or ngl t D e e nts M oton f Slm m a y e m na e c us s . c di y, he f nda ' i or l r j udgme i GRANTED. nt s * Exr : s 73 d y ofxove r201 rEu Thi a mbe 2 . J s C. k mne Tur Se orU nie St t D i t l tJ ni t d a es sr c udge 18