-RSB Blount v. Neece et al, No. 7:2011cv00362 - Document 50 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 8/17/2012. (tvt)
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CL ERK:OFFI U. . :m X QRT GE S Dl AT R- 0O , . < FI LED I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT FO R TH E W ESTER N D I STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A R OA N O K E D I ISIO N V AL 1?2 1 C 02 J I . ULA D I s1 1 . j R z . CL D O N ELL J.BLO UN T,SR. , CA SE N O .7: 6+ 00362 11 Pl nt f , ai i f M EM O M N D U M O PI I N N O VS. By: G l E.C onrad en W I E NEECE, AL. LLI c , Chi Unied St e Dit itJudge ef t at s s rc Def endant s. Donel J. ount Sr , V igi a i a e pr e ng pr K ,fl d t scvi rght aci n l Bl , . a r ni nm t oce di o ie hi i l i s to . ptrua t 42U. C.j 1 al ngt ta trhi nmbultr r tantha uf clmpe down ls nt o S. 983, legi ha fe s ao y esri ndc f n d o hi wrs whiehewasr tng, hede e n prs ofii l i e hi c n s it l esi t f nda t ion fc as gnor d s ompl i sofpai i ant n, n vi a i ofhi Ei h Am e olton s ght ndme rght .Afe e nt i s tr ngagi i dic r Bl mtr po d t ng n s ove y, ot es nde o d fn a t' to f rs mma yj d me t Up nrve o t rc r t ec u ti dsta e e d n s moin o u r u g n . o e iw f he e o d,h o r tn h t def nda s m o i m us be g a e e nt ' ton t r nt d. I A . Background Th cr u tn e i wh c Blu tsij r aos a dhsrltdme ia r c r sae e ic msa c s n ih o n ' nu y r e n i eae dc l e o d r s n nm t t d on a e i on l r l uncon esed. Bl a ge y t t 1 ounti a i a e a R e Oni St t Prs . N e rm i ghton M a 1 a dni y 9, 2011 Bl , ountc r hi c l doo w i ove ed s e l r ndow w ih c o hi a r f ed f oo of i r 'o de st t l t ng nd e us l r fce s r r o r movet co rng.W hen Lt Fa n a ve a or r Bl tt mwove hi wi w , e he ve i . nni ni d nd de ed oun o r s ndo Bl ountcom ple O f i er r m ove Bl m tf o hi c l and s r hed i. W he Fn n t i e i d. fc s e d ol r m s e l ea c t n nni w c or r d Bl de e ountt r e e hi cel Bl untr f s d bot tmes Lt Bl vi a horze pl i o e nt r s l, o eue h i . . e ns ut i d acng 1 On s mma yj g n,d f n nsofe a fda t fo Re Onin S aePrs ofie s Sgt u r ud me t e e da t f r fi vis r m d o tt ion fc r, . Viat andN ee Sgt Lamberq a Lt. nni and a afi tf om Red Oni sD iec orofN ur i t oe ce, . nd Fa n, n fdavi r on' r t sng Vi Phi a t hi and s marzi t i or i i Bl ' m edialr dsf M a t cki pps, tac ng um i ng he nf maton n ounts c ecor or y o Decembe 201l. l r pons t def nda s'moton,Bl s r n es e o e nt i ount ubmishi own af i tand atachment . t s fdavi t s Blunti a bult y r sr nt ,a i aec r me ha s whih consssofa e s kl , o n m a or e tai s n nm t ontol c nim c it nkl hac es ha uf s w ih a bl c box o rt m , a c i a t he t t c f a t s c e . At ndc f t ak ve he and ha n tac d o he uf s nd he ha kl s a oxi a el 1 35 mm .on M a 20, 1 V ia oe a s s e Lt Far i i es r i Bl ppr m t y 2: y 201 , t t s it d . m n n co tng ountt t o he ve tbul a as it d i a yi t n si e nd sse n ppl ng he mbul t yr tait .Nee evi ot pe t ofi e s aor esr n s c de a d he fc r pl ci t a bul t y r s r n s o Bl . A nur e c ke t r tai t f tg nes by a ng he m a or e tai t n ount s hec d he esr n s or i ht s pl ci t o fnge st de e h r s r i . a ng w i r m r ac e ta nt I t i as i nm e asfoo ofi e so M a 20,2011 Via oea Nee em a r gulr n her sg nt l r fc r n y , tt nd c de e a s c iy c c i t hous ng u t w a ki pa ta l ng i o e h c lt c c e h e ur t he ks n he i ni, l ng s nd ooki nt ac el o he k ac i a e' s a us I a i a epus hi i e c buton,i w ilnotf t con r r nm t s t t . f n nm t hes s nt r om t t l i y he t ol oom ofk e , t r w ho w ilr s nd t l r t i a e' co pl nta ha a foorof i rr por t t ti a e' l e po o ea n he nm t s m ai nd ve l fce e t o ha nm t s t c l . A s foorofi r , ia oe a N ee e di notha a hort unde pr s polc t e e he e l l fce s V t t nd c d ve ut iy r i on i y o nt r an i at s cel w ihouta s vi present. nm e' l t uper sor Ata oxi a e y 6: a. . Sgt La be ta ved a Bl unt s c l t c c on hi ,a ppr m t l 30 m , . m r ni t o ' e l o he k m nd Bl ountr pore t thi l f hand r s r i w ast tgh . La be te t r t c l a f e td ha s e t e t a nt oo i t m r n e ed he e l nd ound t t ha telf ha d u fwa tg t La e t o e e t c fs aj se t m,o k dt e a an, n h e t n c f s ih . mb r losn d he u f, du td he l c e h m g i a d ha a nur e che k B l un ' wr s and t r t a nt . The nur e not t tBl d s c o ts it he esr i s s ed ha ountha a si ht d lg , r dde d i t ton a ound hi l twr s ,wih no o n a e . A fe t ofi e s l e t e ne nden a i r s ef it t pe r as t r he t c r oos ned he r s r nt t nur e no e t ts w a a e t pl c t o tnge s unde e h r tai a t t e tai , he s t d ha he s bl o a e w i r r ac esr nt nd ha Bl ountw asc pl ni t hi m i twashuri The nur e no e t the w a gi n hi om ai ng hat s s tng. s t d ha s ve s m or ng m e ca i w hi h i l ni di tons c nc uded Tyl nolpr s r be f hi a f w da e r i r2 The ntr e e e c i d or m e ys a le . ls a s i t u t d hi t a y c d co pr s es W he Bl untwasr e ed,a 11: a. . he l o nsr c e m o ppl ol m e s . n o el as t 00 m , 2 On M ay 1 ,2011 ofi shad plced Bl i ambult y r tai s Bl becam e 6 a ount n a or esr nt . ount , fcer dir i whiet nurs wasas essng t r tai s,s t ass s s uptve l he e s i he esr nt o he es mentwassopped. W hen ofi s t fcer r eas Bl fom ambul or r tai son M a l 20l1 he c el ed ount r at y esr nt y 7, , ompl ned t t l thandcuf wast ai hat he ef f oo tght The nur enot si r i . s ed lght ednessand si edema t Bl ' l twrs,gave Bl lght o ounts ef it ountTyl enolf fve or i da i acc danc wih nur i pr ocol and i tuct hi t appl col compr s ys n or e t sng ot , nsr ed m o y d es es. r us d t ha hi vialsgnst ke a co ane t thi lf ha w a nl b.Thenure ef e o ve s t i a n nd mpli d ha s e t nd s z m s not d f l r nge ofm o i a not d t tt m i ta ha ha no r dne s She a s not d t t e ul a ton nd e ha he s nd nd d e s. l o e ha Bl untwa ar dy on Tyl a a s hi t f l up wih m e ca asnee o s lea enol nd dvied m o olow t di l ded. Bl unt s m e c lr c ds i ca e t ton M a 22,2011 ofi e sag n pl ce Bl o ' di a e or ndi t ha y , fc r ai a d ounti n nm bul t y r t a nt a t nur e c c t m , tng no c pl i sf om B l a or esr i s nd he s he ked he no i om a nt r ountand no ij re .W h no tc r r la e Bl u tfo n ultr r sr it o M a 2 , 01 ,hen z e nu is e fi es ee sd o n r m mb ao y e tans n y 4 2 1 t u s not d t thec pl ne ofl f m i tpan, wasa et movehi wrs wihoutdifc t e ha om ai d e t s i but bl o s it t fiuly. Then ren tdn ij re .Afe M a 2 , 01 ,h n rigsa f dn t o ea yc mpan s u s oe o nu is tr y 4 2 1 te u sn tf di o n t n o lit f om Bl m ta utpa n ornum bne si hi l f w rs ,a t ug hi cha t t s num e ous r ot bo i s n s e t it lho h s r no e r as esm e sf ot rmedialc s s nt or he c ompl i sbewe n M a andDec mber2011 ant t e y e . B. Bl ounts C l m s ' ai Bl ountsaest ta s epoi i t ni ht whiehewa tyi t se p i t t t ha t om nt n he g , l s r ng o le n he n aoyr tant, r l ove andChewei tofhi bodyca e t l tha uf ( c mbultr esri s he oled r ç t gh s us d he ef ndc f whih ha notbe pr rydoubl lc d)t cos downe rmeytghto g s wrs c usng d en opel e o ke o l e xte l i n hi) it a i i tntne ,e rm epan.Hewa una et l e t c f' ( 3 1, ) Bl pus d nsa a ous xte i s bl o oosn he uf ' DE 9- !3. ount he t e e ge i er om buton,butno oneans r d.W hen Ofi r Nee e a Viaoe c m e he m r ncy nt c t we e fce s c nd tt a by Bl ' c ldurngt i r ulrs c iy c cks Bl ounts el i her eg a e urt he , ounts howe t t c f Bl unta ke d hem he uf . o s d t m r pe t dl ove t ne s r lhour t c la s r iort l e t c fa anur et he e a e y r he xt eve a s o al upe v s o oos n he uf nd s o c k hi m i t N e ce a V ia oe r us s yi i w a nott i pr e ,t tBl hec s s . e nd t t ef ed, a ng t s he r obl m ha ountha d m a t m puthi i a bult yr sr i s a a vii t E elt ne s f'hi c de he m n m a or e tant , nd d sng o d l he xt hit' s ompl i s t ant . ( 39- ,!3. Bl tsae t trgh beor t s f c DE 1 ) oun tts ha i t f e he hit hange ohe i tsc r dt i c l , t r mnae ove e her el w i w s W he a c pt i c m e t i tga e, he i a est d t o fc r a utBl ' ndo . n a a n a o nvesi t t nm t ol he f i e s bo ount s pr e wih t c a d ha uf , d t c pti or r La b r t c c Bl ' oblm t he l mpe ndc f an he a an de ed m e t o he k ounts r t ai s. es r nt Blu tsae t tteijlyh s fee a ar s l o teca dh nd u ficd n t s o n tts ha h nt e u frd s e ut f h lmpe a c f n ie t t r wa e r mel panf a e ual c usdnumbnes a s r Jpansi g s m itt xte y i ul nd vent ly a e s nd hapg i n hil s,humb a nd pikef ra p o i tl o ea dah l mo t s' ( 3 - , 1) W h nBlu ttl n re n i o p r xmaey n n af n h . DE 9 1 !1 . e o n o d u s s ' a o t h p i a dn mbn s,he t l hm û t tet p o ij r 1ha (o r s ino te b u t e an n u e s t y od i t h h y e f nu y d c mp e so f h wi n r e )Is o l gveitmet h a, a d teewa ral n t n te c udd ' ( 3 - , e v s h ud i t i o e l(n ) h r s e l ohig h y o l o. DE 9 1 y ' r1 ) 6. Bl ounts N e ce a V ia oe, orf ii t notf a s r i oroft pr em w ih ues e nd t t f a lng o iy upe v s he obl t Bl ' c fand f f ii t pr de hi a es t m e c lc r B l ts s Ln be t f no ount s uf or a lng o ovi m cc s o di a a e. oun ue m r , or t r l s ng hi f o t a bul t y r tai t a t ugh Bl ntw a no l e ea i m r m he m a or esr n s lho ou s onge di r ptve and w as r su i i p i . Asr l f Blu ts e smo eayd ma e a da çin u ci np o iiigt u eo n an ei , o n e k n tr a g s n n llj n to r hbtn he s f e g mea r sr it o p io e swhoh v ijlist terwrslqa da ke ta a ee c r ae tl e tan s n rs n r a e n t e o h i its n n ls h t r xa eb td r byt metlrsri s' ( 1 p.3. he a etant.' DE , ) C.Dee f ndant 'Evi nce s de I addii t t t c t t d i o m a i a r ady s m a i d, f nda s af i vis n ton o he m on es e nf r ton le um rze de e nt ' fda t of e t i r s ns t Bl ' cl i s ia oe doesnotr ca lha ng a i er c i w ih f r he r e po e o ount s a m .V t t e l vi ny nt a ton t Blun a t pl i hi i n ult yr tai sonM a 20, 1 ( 213, 7. Net r o t fer acng m n mb aor esr nt y 201 . DE - !5, ) ihe ViaoenorNee er al Bl ma nga c anta hi a aor rsrit (d. 7; tt c ec ls ount ki ny ompli bout s mbult y etans. 1 ! DE 21 1 !5. Bot of er saet ti Bl hadt dt m t hehadapr em wiht - , ) h fc s tt ha f ount ol he hat obl t he r s r i t , hey w oul have c a t a s e ta n s t d ont c ed uper i o t c r c t st to Via oe a N ee e v s r o or e t he iua i n. t t nd c a s do notr c l t c r r lo e a l he ont ol oom of i e a ki t m t c c on B l tbe us ofa fc r s ng he o he k oun ca e c anta t r tant.( 213, ) ompli bout he esr i s DE - :6. 4 W he La r a rve a Bl ' c la t sa tofhi s f t r m oveBl ts n mbe t ri d t ounts el t he t r s hit o e oun ' mate s tupe vii safg i t s f t tha j te trs ,E r sng tf durng he hitha d us nded)silha Bl mtdoc ntdas s tl d ot ume e bei dir i .' ( 212,:5. Afe r movi t ca dc f La r di notnoiea ng suptve' DE - ) tr e ng he lmpe uf, mbe t d tc ny b e ki t s n u u ua s l n , ro h rijlyo Blu tswrss La e t i n t v r a n he ki, n s l wel g o t e nt n o n ' it. mb r dd o ha e i r a hort t r m ove Bl ut iy o e ountfom r s r i s asa le ena m us m a t s de i i A c or ng r e t a nt , i ut nt t ke hi c s on. c di t t i i ntrpor on M a 20, 1 a a o maey 11: a. .Lt Flmi ( i no a o he ncde e t y 201 , t pprxi tl 00 m , . e ng who s t p ryt t lws i o d rdt t o n b r lae fo n u ao yr sr it.( 212, 5) a t o he a ut r ee ha Blu t e ee s d r m mb ltr e tan s DE - ! . ) 11 A . St andar ofRe e d vi w S mmayj d me t sp o e wheet r i n g n ieis ea t a ymae ilfc a d u r u g n i r p r r hee s o e un su s o n tra a t n t movi pa t i e ildt j me asamatroflw.Fed. Ci P.56.Rul 56( he ng ry s ntte o udg nt te a R. v. e c) ma d tse tyo s mma yj d me ta an t pat wh t fe a e u t tmefrds o ey a d n ae n r f u r u g n g is a ry o t tr d q ae i o ic v r n a u pon m oton ... a l t m a a s w i s tci ntt e t bls t e s e e ofa e e en i f is o ke ho ng ufi e o s a i h he xi t nc n lm t e s ntalt t tpary' c e, nd o whih t tpa t wilbe t bur n ofpr a ti .' s e i o ha t s as a n c ha ry l ar he de oof t ral' Ceoe v.Cart,477U. 31 322( 986 .A ge neis ofmae ilfc e ssi ltx tet S. 7, 1 ) nui sue tra a t xit f r a o a l jto sc u dfn b ap e o d rnc o tee ie c ta t en n vn p ryi e s n b e t r o l i d y rp n ea e f h vd n e h t h o mo ig a t s r e tte t av r itnhi fv r An e s nv. bet Lo b s n .4 7U. 2 2 2 2( 9 6 . nild o e dc i s a o . d ro Li rv b y l c, 7 S. 4 , 5 1 8 ) Alho h t vo tmus viw ge ney diput f t i t lg m os f vo a et t t ug he ur t e nui l s ed ac s n he i ht t a r bl o he no ova , heco ti ed no a e t l alc l i nsdr wn fom t f c s' nd E e not nm nt t ur s ne t cc pt he eg onc uso a r he a t 'a t d ne ac e a tu unwa r e i e e es unr s bl c usons orar l e s' K1 h v. c pt s r e rantd nf r nc , ea ona e oncl i , gt nt .' 0t m M ir of Com.444F. 31 31 ( hCi. c os t , 3d 2, 9 4t r 2006)( ti quotton) t he o i omitng ai . t n pposng W pa te t lt o di f r nts o i s one ofwhi h i bl t nty con r di t by t r or s t tno r i s el w fe e t r e , c s aa l t a c ed he ec d, o ha ra o a l j r c ul b le ei, c u t h ul n ta o tha v rino t fcsf rp po e o e s n b e u y o d eiv ta o r s o d o d p t t e so f he a t o u s s f nzigo amoinf rs mmayj d me t'sc . v, n s 5 0U. 3 2 3 0( 0 7 (mit g ln n to o u r u g n . o Ha i , 5 S. 7 , 8 2 0 ) o ti ' g n itr quottons atrtons a ctto ) Todeea as nenal ai , leai , nd iains. f t upporedmoto f s t in or ummay r j d me tt t p ne t td mo eta smpy s o t a t r i s memea h ia d u t u g n ,he t po n mus o r h n i l h w h thee s o o tp ysc l o b ast t m ae ilf t .... he et r or t ke a awhol c d notlad ar tona ti of o he tra ac s W r he ec d a n s e oul e a i l rer f tt fndfrt nonmovi pa t t r i noge neis f til'I ( ti quotton) ac o i o he ng ry,hee s nui sue or ra. d. omitng ai . ' I pa tc a ,whe et r o d c nt i a unc lnge vi ot pec pt i t e nt i n riul r r he ec r o ans n hale d de a a urng he ve s n quesi t c tmus o y c e tt pl i ifsve son oft f c st t e e i i not ton, he our t nl r di he antf ri he a t o he xtnt t s c rditdbyt vi a Ja;l v.Shrve,535F. 225,230(t Ci. onta ce he deotpe. #. ko e 3d 4h r 2008) . B . Ei h Am endm entSt ght andard I i w e le t i he t tC he unne es a y a w a on i l c i ofpa n ... onsiut t s l s abls d ha ç t c s r nd nt nti ton i c tt es c ue a unus lpunihm e f bi n by t Ei h Am e e .' H uds v.M c ila 50 r l nd ua s nt or dde he ght ndm nt' on M li n, 3 U. 1,5( 9 ( i W hilyv.Al r,475U. 31 31 ( 986 Cli t rt S. 1 92) quotng te be s S. 2, 9 1 :. ams mde he Eih hAme d n h v t c mp n n s ()t o j ciec mp n n , eh raprs n gt n me t a e wo o o e t: 1 he be tv o o e twh t e io o t a' alg dwr ng o n wa d be t eyh r u'e o ht e tbih ac n t ui n l f ls le e o d i g s i jci l a mf l n ug o sa ls o si to a ki o v ' t voain, n ( as j ciec mp n n , eh r h o fca t c gd wihas fiinl ilto a d 2) ube tv o o e twh te t e fiil ç te l t u fce ty a c la l saeo mi d. I a 8(uoigW is nv. etr 5 U. 2 4, 98( 9 ).Th up be tt f n ' d. t q tn lo S ie, 01 S. 9 2 1 91) e ' s howi r r d f e h oft e c m pone sva i wih t c e i whih t pl ntf s ng equie or ac hes o nt res t he ont xt n c he ai if cl m a ie , t naur oft obe tveco ai rs s and he t e he j ci mpone rquie c nt e rs ompaiont E one ay rs o s tmporr c sa r ofde enc 'n t tc e .L. t nda ds c y'i ha ontxt ds u 1 De i r el fe nc Cl m s . lbe at ndif re e ai W hieprs ofi i l mus i a r s bl mea u est g r nt et s f t oft l ion tc as t s ke ea ona e t s r o ua a e he a e y he i ts'Huds nv. l r 468U. 51 526- ( 98 ,ltot e en t t( ionlvi nmae ,' o Pame , S. 7, 527 1 4) ç l he xt t ha prs i ng) l c tonsa er ti tvea eve ha s t y a epa toft pe lyt tc i i ofe r pa ondii r esrci nd n rh,he r r he nat ha rm nal f nde s y f t i ofe esagans s it ' Rhodesv.Cha or her fns i t ocey.' pmml452U. 337,3 ( 981.The eor , S. 47 1 ) r f e, onl i xte de i tons' nstsyt ob e tveee ntofa Eiht Ame y t rme prvai 'ca aif he j ci lme e n g h ndme cai nt l m cha l ngi co tonsofco i m e . Huds 503 U . a 9. A n i a e pl i i fm us s le ng ndii nfne nt on, S. t nm t a ntf t how t taprs n ofi i lsa toromison r uled i t de a ofS hem i m a ci lze mea ur of ha io fc a ' c s i es t n he nil i t ni l vii d s e lf sne s ii s' Rhod , 2 U . a 347. Spe ii al t t ione mus pr ie' ce ste . ' es 45 S. t cfc ly, he i s r t oduc e de e pr e vi nc o asro so sg fc n p y ia o e to a ij r rs t fo tec aln e c n iin ' f ei u r iniia t h sc l r mo in l nu y eulng ' m h h le g d o dto s' i r orû monsr t a s tntalrs ofs h s ro ha m r uli fom t prs ' unwilng t de ta e ubsa i ik uc e i us r es tng r he ioners li e ur t t c le co to .3 Shakkav Smih,71F.d 1 ,1 ( hCi.1 xpos e o he halnged ndiins'' t 3 62 66 4t r 995) . ( ti i e a quoains. omitng ntm l tto ) The Ei ht Am e e doe no pr bi c ue a t us prs c tons i g h ndm nt s t ohi t r l nd m ual i on ondii ; t pr bis c u la unus puni hm e s I a pr s rhasnots f r d s rousor ohi t r e nd ual s nt . f i one uf e e e i sg i n p ysc lo me tln u ya ar s l o tec le g dc ndto , e int t h ia r n a ij r s eut f h haln e o i n h ka i smp yha n tb e s be tdt cu l n u us a pu ihme t t i t e i l s o e n u j ce o r e a d n u l ns n wihn h m e ni oft Am e e . a ng he ndm nt Stiklrv. aer,98 F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1 . rc e W t s 9 2d 375, 381 4t r 993) Th s be tv c mpo e t fac ndto o c n ie n cam rq ie as o n t t e u j ci e o n n o o i ns f o fn me t li e u rs h wig ha i t prs ofi i ace wih dei r t i fe e et aco to t tpos d as t nta rs of he ion fcal td t lbe ae ndif r nc o ndii n ha e ubsa il ik 3 I W iki v. Ga v - U. - ,1 S. .l1 ( 0 ,heUnie SttsSup e Cou t n l ns dd , S. 30 Ct 75 201 ) t t d ae r me r rjce p ircrut rc d n itrrt gHu s nv Mc la , 0 U.. (9 2, ssp ot gar l ee td ro i ipe e e tnepe 2 do . Mi in 5 3 S l 1 9 ) a u p ri ue c l l n t a a imaec nno s c e donhi j 1 3e e sv f c cam i hi ij iswee o j ci l #ç ht n n t a tuce s 98 xc s ie ore li f s nure r , b e tvey, . m i mi . l t cont ofcondii ofconfnement however t Unied St esCour ofAppeal f ni s n he ext tons i , , he t at t s or t Fourh Cicui hascontnued t a y t sandar s tf h i Shakka,71F. 1 whi r r a he t r t i o ppl he t d e ort n 3d 66, ch equies s owig o û iniia ph ia o e ton lij y rs tngfo t ec alng dc dii s'o stsy h n f ç g fc nt ysc l r mo i a nur e uli r m h h le e on ton 't aif s t o j ci elme tofa Eiht Ame me cam.S eW e bv. bo 42 F. x29 30 ( h he b e tve e n n g h nd nt li e b De o, 3 App' 9, 0 4t Ci. 1 (idigt tSh k sa da da idt j 1 3cam algigt t io so r o i a d r 201 ) fn n ha a ka tn r ppl o 98 li le n ha prs n' vecrwdng n e s niain p o e vi ae ima esEih hAme me rghs . a tto r blms oltd n t ' g t nd nt i t) 7 h nnt teimae Fa me v Br n a , 1U.. 2 , 3 - 7( 9 4 .Top o ed lb r t a o h n t . r r . e n n 51 S 8 5 8 5 3 1 9 ) r v eie ae i f e e , he i a e m us s ndif r nce t nm t t how t tt of i i lw a a r off t f om whi h he c d d a ha he fc a s wa e ac s r c oul r w a i e e t a s t nta r s ofha m e s e t the ac ua l dr w t ti er nce a t t n nf r nce hat ubs a i l i k r xi t d, ha t ly e ha nf e , nd ha hedir r d t rs by f ii t t l ea onabl mea ur 't a lvi t t rs l sega de he ik alng o ake t s r e s es' o le ae he ik. d. The s m et pa tsa r a i t cli st tprs ofk i l i nor d a i a e' a wo- r t nda d pples o am ha ion t a s g e n nm t s ne f me c lcae.Esel v. ed or dia r tle Gambl 429U. 97,1 2( 97 (ntma quottonsomitd . e, S. 0 1 6) i e l ai te ) The i t mus s nma e t how t tt ofi re bie d lbe aei fe e e't t i t s ha he tce xhi td : i r t ndif r nc ' o he nma e' de i eiusme ia n e s' 1 . t1 4 1 5 EA)sro sme ia n e i o t a h sb e t ro s dc l e d . d a 0 - 0 . t ei u dc l e d s ne h t a e n ' I di nos by aphys c a asm a tng tea m e torone t ti s o oust te n a 1 y pe s ag ed iin nda i r t n ha s o bvi ha ve a r on w oul e iy r c d as l e ogni e t ne s iy f r a doc or sa t nton.' 1 v.Shr ,535 F. 225,241 z he ce st o t ' te i ' ko eve 3d ( hCi. )(ntr quottonso te .l dve tn fiur t r c z ane df 4t r 2008 i enal ai mitd) na re t al e o e ognie e or t e t e doe no pr en a co tt i na de i ton. Esele, r a m nt s t es t nsiuto l prva i t l 429 U . a 1 1 S. t 05- 06. 2. Excess ve Force C l m s i ai l t ee c si ef rec ne tt ec u t s iq iewh te o fcas s be t l n h x e sv o c o tx ,h o r mu t n ur eh r fiil, u j ci y, ve a i f cetn agood f ih e f t om ant i orr sor dicplne o ma ii l a ppled or t i at for t i an e t e s i i r lc ousy nd sditc l f t veypur eofc usngham, a ûl t r t al dwr a sialy or he r pos a i r ' nd twhehe) he lege ongdoi wa ' ng s o j cieyh r u e u ht etb ihac n tt t n l ilto ' d o , 0 U. a 7 8 b e tv l n mf l no g o sa ls o siui a voain. o 'Hu s n 5 3 S. t ( ti i er lquotto ) I W hilv,t SuprmeCour rcogniedt trlva tf cor t omitng nt na ains. n te he e te z ha ee n a t s o c i ri ma ngt s j tvei r ae:( )t ne f . pplcai off e ( t onsde n ki he ubeci nquiy r l he ed ota i ton ore, 2) he rlt n hpb t e t n e a dt ea u t ff reta wa us d ()t ee tn o teij r , eai s i ewe n he e d n h mo n o o c h t s e , 3 h x e t f h nu y o ( t t e tras bl pec ve byt r ponsbl ofki sba e ont fcsknownt t m, 4) he hra e ona y rei d he es i e t al s d he a t o he a ( a ef t ma t tmpert s veiyofaf c f r s e.475U. a 321. nd 5) ny fors de o e he e rt oreul epons S. t Theo j ci c mpo e t fa e c siefr ecam t al eme b tepan isl, v n be t o n n o n x e sv o c li t lb t y h i tef e e ve c i a i t ha no e i ijty. W iln v. nimi 77F. 75 762( t Ci.1 6) f n nmae s ndurng n tr ' lims Be n n, 3d 6, 4h r 99 ' (mitngi ena quoai ) Ont ohe ha tll Eiht Ame ntsprhi tonof o ti ntr l ttons. he t r nd,tthe g h ndme ' o bii tr la u ua 'punihme snec s aiy e l sfom c tt ina r ognii X mi mi cue nd nus l s nt e s rl xcude r onsiuto l ec ton ni s us ofphys c f c pr de t tt us off ce i no ofa s tte nantt t co ci nce es i al or e, ovi d ha he e or s t or r pug o he ns e ofma nd.' Huds 503U. a 9 0( ti cttons .TheEi hAme nki '' on, S. t -1 omitng iai ) ght ndmentdoesnot pr bi a 1a i a i off ce t ti lctpa n a i tpr s r . Unie St t s v.Gor 59 ohi t 1 pplc tons or ha nfi i ga ns i one s td a e . e, 2 F. 489,494( hCi.201 .Prs a nitaor aee ildt br ddee e i 3d 4t r 0) ion dmi srt s r ntte o oa fr nce n det r i ng w ha polci s a pr c i sa e ne s a y t pr e ve orr s or s urt a or r e m ni t i e nd a tce r ce s r o es r e t e ec iy nd de . St e v. irka,1 F. 629,634(t Ci.1 . anlv Heii 34 3d 4h r 998) I s o qt E o ej dca iq iy (s . .h n tr o tef r e s cfc ly wh t e i n h r he t r u iil n ur il . te au e f h o c pe i al , eh r t c i wa non rvi la wasap i d ... ai i l a s ditc lyt c e ha m .' iki ,1 s ti a nd ple m lcousy nd a si a l o aus r 'W l ns 30 S. . t1 7 .Th e tn o t eij r t ei t s fee i r lv n t b t o t e e Cta 1 9 e x e t f h nu y h mnae u frd s ee a t o oh f h s deer natons:a a f c ori deer ni t t rus off c c d plusbl ha be n t mi i s a t n t mi ng û he e or e oul a i y ve e whe t houghtnec s r i a pa tc a st to ' nd a E om e i c ton oft a o off c es a y n r i ul r iua i n' a s s s ndi a i he m unt or e a i d. 1 a 11 l t cout c nnotfnd t tthee de ,viwe i t lg mos pple ' d. t 78. f he ' ' a t i ha t vi nce e d n he i ht t t f vor bl t t pl ntf , l s a a e o he ai if wil uppor ar la ei e e eofwa t t e ibl nf r nc n onnes i t i lc i ofpa n s n he ntiton i t e ti t - a t tn adr t ed f n r t aee tte t sl r j d me t nt eis eo md r h s wo p r sa d r ' h ee d s r n ild o l ' mmay u g n o h su f e es i f r e. W hil v,475 U . a 3 xc s ve o c te S. t 22. 9 C .D ic so s us i n 1. N o Exce s ve For C l m si ce ai a. V iat and Neece t oe Bl ta g t V ia oe a N e e by r f i t t l t i s r s t tt oun r ues hat t t nd ec , e us ng o e l he r upe vior ha he handc fwa ca i Bl tpan, ai i l al uf s usng oun i m lcousy lowedt c i d us ofe es i f c f he ontnue e xc sve or e or fve hour . Thi a gtm e hasno m e i . i s s r l nt rt By Bl mtso admison,api eofe pm e t a notaprs ofi il i lc e t ot ' wn si ec qui n , nd ion fca , nfit d he o y ha mf f r eofwhih Bl nl r ul o c c ountc ompl i ofon M a 20,2011 Bl aned y . ountdoe notcli t t s a m ha t a he mbult r r sr i sa t ofk e si tal a i t m ca e hi pan.Theonl a o y e tant s he t r nii ly ppled he us d m i y ha mf f cet tmom i occ r d whe Bl ' ownm ove t ti e t ha uf t r ul or ha ng ure n ounts men s rgger d he ndc f o cola e a ound hi wrs .4 Thenaur lope ai oft e pm e t l ke t c fi t t lps r s it t a r ton he qui nt hen oc d he uf n ha poston,a t c i d pr s r fo t ha d e oft ha uf s ez d agans ii nd he ontnue es u e r m he r dge he ndc f que e i t Bl unt sa m ,c us ng t pai he e r e ed. The e or ,t e de e doe no s ppor a o ' r a i he n xpe i nc r f e he vi nc s tu t r la e i er nc t tVia oe a N e ce wa onl a i d f c t i lc pa n. W hil v,475 e i bl nf e e ha t t nd e nt y pple or e o nf i t i te U. a 322.Thec tganst motonf s S. t our r t he i or ummayj r udgme ast a cai ofexc sve nt o ny l m esi f c by t edef nda s a wils pa a ey add e st cli Bl or e hes e nt , nd l e r t l r s he am ountal gesag ns t m as le ai t he oneofdelbe ae i fe e et as i rs ofha m t rSeie a Esel i r t ndif r nc o erous ik r mde t r nd t le. b. Sgt Lam bert . Bl mtas fist mas le de onwhih hec dpes ajzyt tLn r ot lo al o rha vi nce c oul ruade lr ha mbe t malc ousy a i d f c f rt pur e ofi lci har . Thi c t she dt t ii l pple or e o he pos nti tng m s our ha l ha (l rs et a i t sad te ydir i mico t atmpor y in e pons o n nmae' mitdl suptve s nduc, e ar lm ia i n ofa i a e' a ce st hygi pr i tto n nm t s c s o ene odud s be ng, tng ut ns l ,a , ddi ea i e is nd fe dom ofmove ,whihca est i t nophysc ij yohe t n re ment c us he nmae ialnur t r ha 4 Th d fn a t d n t o c d ta a ofcri rg r lc e t ec f a dme to te e ee d ns o o c n e e h t n fie mpo el o k d h uf n nin h y pos i lt t tBl hi el t sbiiy ha ount ms f amper wih t cuf t caus lscolaps whi Bl ed t he f o e t l e, ch ountdeni es. 10 t mpo a y dic or a e r a s t smpl cn e r r s omf t nd mba r s men , i y nnotqualf asaus off r e iy e oc t ti d e ha s i pugna t t c cinc ofma nd. r nt o he ons e e nki ' ' Hole v. ohns n,Ca eNo.7: ly J o s 08CV00629,201 W L 2640328,*1 ( . Va.201 0 4 W D. 0) ( di asconsiutona manti ngi t i a aor r tai sf 48hour)(ii uphol ng tt i l i ani nmae n mbult y esr nt or s ctng oh rc s s.Amb ltr r srit, sac n r l c a im, r p rya p ida dmanti e te a e) u aoy e tan s a o to me h ns p o e l p le n i an d e n f al nghy pe i a e C taus off c t tofe c e ve or e t rod, r d no e or e ha f nds ont mpor r sa r ofde nc a y t nda ds ce y s a t stsyteo j ciec mp n n o a e c s ief recam. 1 o s o aif h b e tv o o e t f n x e sv o c li ' d. ' l i undi put t tLt Fam i or r a i aton oft a bul t y r s r i t a ar ts s ed ha . l n de ed pplc i he m a or e t a n s t ound 1 30 a. .i r s 2: m n e pons t Bl ' dir ptvebe vi r ve i hi wi e o ounts s u i ha o --co rng s ndow,r f i or r t e usng de s o unc ri,a t n r f i t obeyor r t r ntrhi cel Onc notfe oft cnmped ove t nd he e usng o de s o ee e s l. e ii d he l ha d u f La e t r l r aj se tea u ao yr srit t ter r p ra pl aina d n c f, mb r meey e du td h mb ltr etan s o h i p o e p i to n c t n m ant i t m a Fa n ha or r d i r po et Bl ntsbe vi r Bl ' t t l he i aned he s nni d de e n es ns o ou ' ha o . ounts o a tm e i n b a or r s r i s o M a 20,2011 wasa oxi a e y t n a a ha fhour . i n m ul t y e t a nt n y , ppr m t l e nd l s Bl ta lgesvag l t tt r a ple r sr i sco i oun le uey ha he e p i d e tant ntnued t tng hi wrs'f t t i hur s it' or he addii lfvehour atrLa r ra idt rsrit ( 1 p. .Thec tne not tona i s fe mbe t e pple he e tans DE , 2) our ed c e tt sc us r ale to a tue howe r be us t f t Bl r di hi oncl o y l ga in s r , ve , ca e he acs ountofe sdono s fr t uppo t r ar a o bl i e e et tt hour Blunts nti n e s na e nf r nc ha he s o pe n mbult r r tant a trLa r fxe a o y esr i s fe mbe t i d t ha uf aggrvae t wrs ij y. he ndc f a td he it nur Thevd oci s o Ln e ta a o n 620am, a eul r a j tn ter srit t ie l h ws mb r, t r u d 3 . c r f l e dusi g h etan s o p y b s r t e wi n t a s a yf rh rij r t Blu tswrs.( e u e h y l o c u e n u te n u y o o n ' it DVD M o eClp l vi i 201 0520063217 Bl c anst thi wrs andha aehuri a ar ul oft 1 ) ount ompli ha s it nd r tng s es t he ca lmpedc f butonceLnmbe tg t t c fr duse Bluntma nocompl ntt tt uf, r es he uf eaj td, o kes ai ha he r r nt asappled are caus ng hi pai Bl m tcom pl ns on cam er t t cuf w ilr estai s i i m n. ot ai a hat he fs l ub a i thi s r w rs ,bu t vi o s st r a i d c fa ound t w r s a t hee oft ga ns s o e it t he de how he e pple uf r he i t t he l he hand,whievi i ehi he up o Bl mtswrs t r hi f eam i ade tve i nton fom l sbl g r n ot ' it owa d s or r s fnii nde i r t e rirc fmaf ton.La r a kst nuret c kboht wrs ij yandt he a le uf lunci mbet s he s o hec t he it nur he cl ar nc be w e n t r a i c f a Bl unt sw r s s a s a Bl mtve i y on c m e a e a e t e he e ppled uf s nd o ' i t , nd he nd ot rf a r t tt r i s tc e cea a e. Be o eLa be t e ves hegi Bl ntt opporunii st ha he e s ufi i nt l r nc fr m r la , ves ou wo t te o t l hi abo a ot rpr e wih t wa t r sr i sa e a i d.Bl el m ut ny he oblm t he y he e tant r pple ountc ompli t t ans ha he s d be r l a e be us he hasnotbee dir tve, Bl m tdoesnoti ntf a houl e e s d ca e n s up i but ot de i y ny c r e pr e w ih t w a La be t a i d t r s r i s u r nt obl m t he y m r has pple he e t a nt . I t vi f ot ge ofB l unt sr e e fom am bul t y r s r i s a 11 00 a. . he n he deo o a o ' el as r a or e ta nt t : m , m a sno c ke ompli ofwrs pan t t ofi r ast y e c t m ba k t hi c landr move ant it i o he tce s he s or hi c o s el e t s c e a t blc box o rt c f.( he ha kls nd he a k ve he ufs DVD M ovi Clp2011 e i 05201 2) W he t 0541 n he s m enur ec e t a s s Bl , tlshe t thi wrs i huri a hi ha i numb. a s om s o s e s ount he e l r ha s it s tng nd s nd s The nur e not hi co pl i s ofpa n on c m e a a sa est tBl s es s m a nt i a r nd t t ha ountdi ha a i nton on d ve n nde i hi m i te le fo t ha uf c lpsng. Thenur ea s ad s Bl t the wilr c i s s arir r m he ndc f ola i s lo vies ount ha l e e ve Tyl nol t them a us col c e ,ha y e d ompr s so t a e a t ti i c i st bot rhi , es e n he r a, nd ha f t ontnue o he m he s d fl asc c l r ques.A f w mome slt r a t vi o s houl ie ik al e t e nt a e , s he de howsBl extndi hi ount e ng s ha t ough t ta so i t c l doorf rt ofie st r movet ha ufsand t n nds hr he r y l t n he e l o he fc r o e he ndc f he dr w i t m ba i i t c l,t e i no s i nt ton vi i e on hi l f w r s . a ng he ck ns de he e l her s uch nde a i s bl s e t it Be us Bl ' a fda tsae e t t r sr i sasLambe ta i d t hur hi ca e ounts fi vi t tm nt hat he e tant r pple hem t s wrs i baa tyc nr dce b ter c r , u ht a n ra o a ejlyc udb l v Blu ts it s ltn l o ta itd y h e o d s c h t o e s n bl t o l ei e o n ' r e ve son,t c t nnotado hi ve son f pu pos ofr i on am oto f rs ma y r i he our ca pt s r i or r es ulng i n o um r j udgme .'Sc t 550U. a 380.Thec tc l t tt e de edoesnots nt' ot, S. t our oncudes ha he vi nc uppor a t ra ona ei e e et tt f c La r a idwa ûûb e tveyha u e e s bl nfr nc ha he ore mbe t pple s ûo j ci l nnfl nough't ofe o fnd tone r r sa dso dec nc 's ast me tt obeci c c tmpo ay tndar f e y'' o o e he j tve omponen ofBl ' Ei h t ounts ght 1 2 Am e e tc am . St nlv,13 F. a 63 Thec twilg a t moton f s ndm n l i a e 4 3d t 4. our l r nt he i or umm a y r j d me ta t Blu tscam o e c siefr ea t La e t n wi as a d e sBlu ts u g n s o o n ' li f x e sv o c s o mb r a d l lo d r s o n ' l cai a i tLa r a oneofde i r t i fe e et as rousrs ofha unde Set rml l m gans mbe t s lbe a e ndif r nc o e i ik nn r ie d Es ele. tl 2. N o D e i r e I f e ence C l m s lbe at ndif r ai Dee d n sof re ie c t t omts fee n s ro ijzya ar s l o te fn a t fe vd n e ha Blt u frd o eius n t s e ut f h r ha uf ac i nton M a 20,2011.Thenur ewho e m i d Bl ndc f c de y s xn ne ounta t tmet cufswe e t he i he f r ra j se n tdi ter c r t t eh dai lg tid nain' nhi lf m itwh c wa e d u td oe n h e od ha h a t ih n e tto 'o s e4 s ih s s si l r d a no e no ope a ea .W he ofker r e e Bl untfom t a b a o y lghty e nd t d n r s n t s elas d o r he m ult r r s r i t f trhour l t r a t ug he silc pl i d ofwr s pa n a r por e num bnes i e ta n s o l s a e , lho h tl om a ne i t i nd e t d sn hi ha t nureno e no i n a i ont wrs a not d af lr ngeofm o i Tha da s nd, he s t d nde t ton he it nd e ul a ton. t y, t nur epr de Tyl nol whih hadbee pr s rbedf Bl mtf fve da a trapr vi he s ovi d e , c n e c i or ot or i ys fe e ous a mbul t y r tant i i nto M a 1 2011.Them e ca r cor do nots aor esr i s ncde n y 6, di l e ds how t tBl nt ha ou s oughtanyf t rme c la ssme oft wrs ij ybyadoco ,t theas dt me ca urhe dia se s nt he it nur tr ha ke he di l saf t rnew t Tylnolpr c i i f t sij y,ort thes t fo e he e esrpton or hi nur ha oughta ot rme c tonor ny he diai te t e t a lvit t pai a nlmbnes al ge y ca edby t M a 20, 1i i n . r am nt o le ae he n nd z s le dl us he y 201 nc de t I r pons t def nda s e de e,Blt ofe shi a fda t t vi o f t e,c es n es e o e nt ' vi nc o mt f r s fi vi,he de oo ag opi oft eea tclsa hr ri e boutne vec p e son ca e byovery tg e d ha ufs a a docl nt r om r s i us d l i ht ne ndc f , nd tme i c tng t tt nur e w ho e m i hi on M a 20,2011hasbee pr es i l ndi a i ha he s xa ned m y n of s onaly r prm a d o o oc i f doc e i t ts pe f m e a phys c la s s m e on a e i nde n ne cason or um ntng ha he r or d i a s e s nt n i a et ts di notpero m .Thi i or ai n i nots tcintt pr s ntage neis of nm t ha he d fr s nf m to s ufi e o e e nui s ue maeil a ta t t esro n s o Blu tsm itij r .Blu t se t t t h v d of oa e tra f c s o h eius e s f o n ' s nu y o n a srs ha t e i e o tg pr st ntreunderttdt e e ofhi ij y.Thevi fotge,howe r i not ove he ls sae he xtnt s nur deo o a ve ,s i ons se wih t nur e' no e . Thei nton i vii ei t 6: mm .f agea a a s nc it nt t he s s t s nde i s sbl n he 30 oot nd ppe r r d e n a i tBl mtsda k s n,butwhehe t ma k i si ht r t rt n de p,asBl nt e ve gans ot ' r ki t r he r s lg , ahe ha e ou alges i amatrofopi o ( le , s te nin. DVD M o eClp2011 2006321 l t 11: a. f age vi i 05 7) n he 00 m. oot ofBl ' r e s noi nto i obviusonhi lf wrs.( ounts ela e, nde in s o s et it DVD M ovi Clp e i 2011 05201 2) 0541 Bl ountas a cus t nure ofno i t ts pe f r d ar ngeofm o i n e m i ton lo c es he s tng ha he ro me a to xa na i t tt vi o f agedoesnotde c .The c t i no dic e nc he e.The 11: am . ha he de oot pi t our fnds s r pa y r 00 . vi o s de howsBl ounthol nghi gls es usng a 1t fnge sofbot ha ,a t ntr ei di s a s , i 1 he r h nds s he ls s s a ngt hi (d. Thus he not t thedipl df lrngeofmoto i noti onsse pe ki o m. 1 ) , r e ha s aye ul a in s nc itnt wih he o e v i . 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