Shibley v. Astrue, No. 7:2011cv00357 - Document 15 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 6/28/2012. (lab)
Download PDF
CLERK' OF CE u. . ST, GoUr S FI S DI ATR- O< , VA FI LED I TH E UN I N TED STATES DI STRI COU RT CT FO R TH E W ESTERN D I STRI OF V I N I CT RGI A ROAN OK E DI I ON V SI J 2821 UN 22 JULW C D BY . ; J ESSI FA I SH I CA RR BLEY, Ci lA cton N o. 7: vi i 11CV 00357 Pl ntf , ai i f M EM O R AN D UM O PI O N NI M I A EL J A STRU E, CH . Comm isone ofSocalSe urt si r i c iy, By: Honor bl Gl n E.Conr d a e e a Chi fUnied St t Diti tJ e t aes src udge De e nt f nda . Pl i ifha fl t sa ton c le ng t fna dec s o oft Co m i sone of Soc al a ntf s ied hi c i ha l ngi he i l i i n he m s i r i Se urt de yi antf scai sf dia lt ns a ebe isa s e ntls c liyi om e c iy n ngpli if l m or s biiyi ur nc neft nd uppl me a e trt nc be isunde t SocilSe urt Ac,a a nded, U. C.jj41 i a 423, nd42U. C.j neft r he a c iy t s me 42 S. 6() nd a S. 1 # s q.r s tvey.J rs cinofhi c tspurua t o42U. C. 405()a 42U. C. 381 1 e , epeci l u idito t s our i s n t S. j g nd S. . j 1 8 ()3 . Th sc u t r ve i lmie t ad tr n to a t wh t rt eei s b tn il 3 3c ( ) i o r' e iw s i td o eemiain s o ehe h r s u sa ta s e de et s vi nc o uppo tt Commi sonersc l i t tpli iff ie t esa ih e ilm e t r he s i ' onc uson ha antf a ld o tbls ntte nt o be ft und t Ac .I s h s t n i le denc e ss t fna decson oft Co m isone ne is er he t f uc ubsa ta vi e xit ,he i l ii he m s i r mus beafr t fimed. La v.Cee e e,368F. 640( h Ci.1 .Stt brel s tnta ws lbrzz 2d 4t r 966) aed ify, ubsa il e de eha be n de i ass hr l va e de e c i rngt r c d a awhol a m i tbe vi nc s e fned uc e e nt vi nc , onsde i he e or s e, s gh f t a uaet s o md deq t o uppor aco l i byar s bl m i Riha ds n v. r e , 2 U. 389, t ncuson ea ona e nd. c r o Pe als 40 S. 40 ( 9 ) 0 1 71. Thepl i if J s i a Fa r Shi e wasbor on J nua y 9,1 a ntf , e s c i r bl y, n a r 977, e nt l c pl t and ve ualy om e ed herhi schooleducaton. M s.Shi ey has al o atended com m t iy colege and nm si school gh i bl s t mt l ng . Pl ntf hasw or d pr m a iy a a cus o e s r i r pr s nt tve,a ountng c e k,a om obie ai if ke i r l s t m r e v ce e e e a i cc i l r ut l tt ed e k, a l r a ba t le .The Adm i s r tveLa J e de e m i t tM s Shi e l s il r l be e , nd nk e l r nit a i w udg t r ned ha . bl y a t RK wo k d o a r g lra s sane bai i 2 0 .( 1 ) On Ap i 8 2 0 ,paniffld r e n e ua nd u ti d ss n 0 6 TR 3 . rl , 0 8 li tf ie a iatonsf s biiyi ur nc be isa s eme a s c iyi omebe tt. al ge pplc i ordia lt ns a e neft nd uppl nt l e urt nc neis She le d t ts be a e dia ed f a 1f m sofs tnta ganf le oy ha he c m s bl or l or ubsa il i u mpl mento J y 1 2006,due t n ul , o o es i c bs sve ompuli dior r bi a d s der de es i a r i e f c sfom he ta sve s de , polr ior , pr son, nd esdual fe t r ad r uma whihr quiedr c t c i s ge y. ai if c e r e onsnltve ur r Pl ntf now m ant nst ts ha r m aneddia edt t i ai ha he s e i s bl o he pr e tme.Ast he cli f diabiiy i u a ebe ft, her co dr al t tM s Shi e es nt i o r am or s lt ns r nc ne is t e r eve s ha . bl y m e t i tr d sausr quie e soft Ac a a l ee ttm e co r d byt fnalde ii of t he nsle t t e r m nt he t t 1 r lvan i s ve e he i c son t Com m i s one . he si r Pl i ifs cai we e de e upon i ta c i r ton a r c i ai antf l ms r nid niil onsde ai nd e onsder ton. She t n he r uetdandrc ve aX novohe rnga rviw beor a Admi srtveLa J .I a eq se e ei d ai nd e e f e n nitai w udge n n opi on d t De e be 1 201 t La J ni a ed c m r 0, 0,he w udgea s dee ne t tM s Shi e i notdiabld. lo tnni d ha . bly s s e TheLa J e f w udg ound t tpli tf s f r fom s ver ls ve e i ime si l ng de es i ha a n if ufe s r e a e r mpa r nt ncudi pr son, obs s i compuli dior r and s t e a ede nde e i r m iso The La J e sve sve s de , ubsanc bus / pe nc n e s i n. w udge as e s d pl i t f sr s dualf tona c pa iy asf l s s s e a n if e i unc i l a c t olow : Afe c r f c i r i oft e tr r c d,t t r i tr a e ul onsde aton he n ie e or he mde sgned fnds t tt i ha he cl i a ha t r s dua f t ona ca c t t pe f m a f l r ng ofw or a al a m nt s he e i l unc i l pa iy o r or ul a e k t l e ri l l but t hef l ngno xe tonaleves wiht olowi nexe tonali iai :s ha t a lt ri lm t tons he s he biiy t mai ai a tnto a c e r ton f pe i co me ur t wih uns le o nt n te i n nd onc nta i or rods m ns a e t kil d, smpl,r i r peii t s ;s s ul e ge i onl occ sonali e a ton i e outne, e ttve a ks he ho d nga n y a i ntr ci wih c t owor r a s r ior and s pe fcili e a ton wih t publc s ke s nd upe v s s u ri a nt r c i t he i ; he s ul a d u ualw o k st tonsorc ngest a r i w or s ti ho d voi nus r iua i ha o outne k e tng. ( 15 .Gi n s har sdua f tonalc pa t a a trc i rngpli ifsa TR ) ve uc e i l unci a ciy, nd fe onsdei antf ge, e a i and prorw o k e re e a wel ast tm ony f o a voca i le r , he La duc ton, i r xpe i nc , s l es i rm tona xpe t t w J e he d t tM s Shi e r t ns s fci ntc pa t t r t n t he pa tr e ntw o k a a udg l ha . bl y e ai uf i e a ciy o e ur o r s el va r s l be e . Rel ng on t voca i a lr yi he tonale r ' t s i ony,t La J xpe ts e tm he w udge a s f l o ound t tpl i i f ha a ntf r t i s fc e fmc i c pact t pe f m s ve alot rsm pl uns ledwor r e whi h e ans ufi i nt t tonal a iy o ror e r he i e, kil k ol s c e s i s g t a num be i t na i le onom y. Acc di y, he La J e uli a e y xit n i nik nt r n he tona c or ngl t w udg tm t l c ude t tM s Shi e i notdia e a t ts i no e il t be t underet r oncl d ha . bly s s bl d, nd ha he s t ntted o neks ihe fd r l r g a S e2 C. R. j4 4.5 0 9 a d()a d41 .2 ( a d() Th La J d e s e e a p o rm. e 0 F. j 0 1 2 ( n g n 69 0 9 n g . e w u g ' opi on wa adop e ast fna d ii oft Co misone by t SocilSe iy ni s t d he i l ec son he m s i r he a curt Adm i sr to sAppe l Counci. vi e use ala ia e a nita i r m e e ,M s nitai n' as l Ha ng xha t d l va lbl dmi sr tve e di s . Shi e hasnow a al d t t sc t bl y ppe e o hi our . W hie pli if ma be dia ed f c ran f r of e oy e ,t c ucalf t l l antf y s bl or e ti o ms mpl m nt he r i acua de e mi to i whehe pli ifi dia e f alf msofs t nta gai ule pl t r nai n s t r antf s s bld or 1 or ubsa il nf m oymen .See t 4 U.. j 4 3 d ( )a d 1 8 c a.Th r aefu ee n so p o fwhihmus bec n ie e 2 SC. j 2 ( )2 n 3 2 () ee r o r lme t f r o c t o sd r d i ma igs c a a lss Th s ee nsaes mmmi e a f lo ;()o j cieme ia f cs n kn u h n nay i. e e lme t r u z d s olws 1 b e tv dc la t a dci ia fn i g ;2 t eo iin a dc n l in o te tn p y iin ;3 s b e tv e i e c n lnc lid n s () h pno s n o cuso s fr ai g h sca s ( ) u j cie v d n e ofphysc lma f tto ofi ime t, dec i dt o hacamant t tmony;a ( t ia niesains mpar ns as srbe hrug li ' esi s nd 4) he cai ntse l ma ' ducai n,voc i hit y, e i ls ls a ag Vie v.Fi h,438 F. 11 to atonal sor r sdua kil , nd e. t k nc 2d 57, 11 60( hCi.1 ) Unde woodv. biof, F. 85 851( h Ci.1 . 59- 4t r 971 ; r Ri c f 298 2d 0, 4t r 962) Afera r e oft r or i t s ca e,t c ur i c tane t c ude t tt t eviw he ec d n hi s he o t s onsr i d o oncl ha he Co sin rs ia d cso i s p o tdb s bsa ta e ie c .M s S ilys fe s r m mao mmiso e ' fn l e ii n s u p re y u tn il vd n e . hb e u fr fo j r de es i dior r bor lne bi a dio der a et dior r an obs sve c pr sve s de , deri polr s r , nxi y s de , d es i - ompuli sve dior r Shehasbe n te t d by s ve aldif r n ps hitit a ps hol it , we lasby a s de . e rae e r fe e t yc arss nd yc og ss as l physca sas it n . Asm i be e i in' ssa t ght xpec e gi n t nalr ofhe c tons M s Shi e has t d, ve he tze r ondii , . bl y t de gone num e ous pe ks a va l ys i he te t e hit y. The cour be i ves t t t m r r a nd le n r r a m nt s or t le ha he Adm i sr tve La J ni t a i w udge pr ry a s s d t m e a he t r c d i de e m i ng t t w he ope l s es e he nt l alh e or n t r ni ha , n 3 pr ry a c it nty teae M s Shi e r t i s fc e f tona ca ciy t pe f a ope l nd onsse l r td, . bly e ans ufii nt unc i l pa t o ronn r t i t d r nge ofw or ac i t Fort m os pa t pl i ifst e tng m e a he t s ci ls s do esr c e a k tviy. he t r, a ntf r a i nt l alh pe a it notc i rhe lmia i t beove l s ve ea ha r po td t ts pos e s f i t go onsde r i t tons o ry e r nd ve e re ha he s s es ar o od ca ciy t e ge i w or r a e f nc i . Ove t l s s r lye r ,he G A F s or ha pa t o nga n k- el t d u tons r he a t eve a a s r c es ve r ngedfom 53t 81. W hiei i tu t taphysc a sa ssa r ce l r poredt tM s Shi e a r ' o 1 l t s r e ha ii n' s itnt e nty e t ha . bl y s f r fom ama kedl sofa lt t c ufe s r r os biiy o once taes co r t de e son, hec t ive t t n r t e nda y o pr s i t our bele s ha t Adm i sr tve La J e pr ry dic e t sopi on.Bas on t not c he nita i w udg ope l s ount d hi ni ed he es ompie b ld y pl ntf te tng me a heat s c ait ,t c tc ude t t t La J ai ifs r a i nt l lh pe i lss he our oncl s ha he w udge pr ry ope l de e mi d t tpl i t f r t i s fc e f nc i nalc pa iy t peror t w or r ess t r ne ha a n i f e a ns ufi i nt u to a c t o f m he k ol ugge t d se by t voca ina e r . Th ,t c tfndss tntale de t s he to l xpe t us he our i ubsa i vi nce o uppor t La J t he w udge' s de e nai n t tpli if i no dia e wihi t me ng of t Ac . l f l t tt t nni to ha antf s t s bl d t n he ani he t t olows ha he Comm isone ' fna de ii d yi e ilmen t be ismus beafimed. s i rs i l c son en ng ntte t o neft t fr On a a t t sc t M s Shi e a gue t tt La J ppe l o hi our , . bl y r s ha he w udge g ve i deq t r s nsf a na ua e ea o or dic mtng t physcin as itntsopi on t tpl i ife re esm a ke lm ia i i he s ol i he i a ssa ' ni ha antf xpe i nc r d i tton n r a lt t c biiy o once r t Theme c l e dr ve l t t a yKie , yscin' as it , om pie nta e. di a r cor e a s ha M r s r aph i a s s santc ld ma oft me a heat r porsi t sc e. W ihoutq si M s Kierquaii asate tng ny he nt l lh e t n hi as t ue ton, . s lfes rai me c ls ce Howe r t c tnotst tund 20 C. R.jj 404.51 and 41 91 t dia our . ve, he our e ha er F. 1 3 6. 3, he phys ci n' a s s a doe not lf a a a e a em e c s c l any e nt a m or t t i a s s i t nt s qua iy s n cc pt bl di al our e. n ve , nd e o he 1The glba asesme off toni , o GAF,su e t rp r teciiinsj d me to t es be ts o l s s nt unc i ng r i sd o e o th l ca , u g n f h u jc, n ove al lveloff toni A GAF s o e ofbewe 51a 60 i i cai ofmode ae s omso mode ae r le unc i ng. cr t en nd s ndi tve r t ympt r rt di ut i s ca, cu ain lo sh o f cinn . soeb t e 61 nd7 rpe et o l smemi smpo f l n o ilo c p to a,r c o lun to ig A c r ewe n a 0 e rsns ny o sc y l y tms d or s e dit uly i s i ,occ tona,o shoolf toni butge r ly f nc i ng pr ty wel,w lh s m e om fk t n ocal upa i l r c unci ng, ne al u toni et l t o m e ni ulntm e s na r ltons ps.W ihaGAFs r bewe n71a 80,fs pt sa epr e ,he aetanse a ngf i e r o l eai hi t co e t e nd i ym om r es ntt y r r int a e cabl r aci ops hos a sr s swihnom or ha si i im e i oca, upai , s hool nd xpe t e e tonst yc ocil tesor, t et n lghtmpar ntns ilocc tonalor c fn to ig Ameia Ps c itiAso it n Dig o t a dSait a Ma u l f na Dio d r 47(t e .e t u cinn . rcn y harc scai , a n si n tt i l n a o Me tl s r es 4h d tx o c sc rv 2 0 ) e . 0 0. 4 poit t r porsfom t ps hi tit a n ,he e t r he yc arss ndps ho ogit whos w M s Shi e i udenonot tons yc l ss a . bly ncl ai ofa m us lo s ve elm ia i n i a ntf sca c t f c e r ton.TheA dm i s r tveLa nyt ua r e r i t t o npl i if pa iy or onc nt a i ni ta i w J udge pr r y r le on a c ula i ps ho og c lr por f o D r M a vi A .Ga dne ,J .i ope l e i d ons t tve yc l i a e t r m . r n r r r n a s sngt sis Dr Ga dne s ii ly notd t tpl i ifsc e r ton t swihi nonna s es i hi s ue. . r r pecfcal e ha antf ' onc nta i û t n i l lmis' ( 389) TheLa J i t.' TR . w udge' te t toft is as tndss s ramen he sue lo i uppor i t rporsfom tn wo e t r none m i ng sae a nc ps hol ss Afe r vi wi a lt e de e ofr co d,Dr Da el xn ni tt ge y yc ogit . tr e e ng 1 he vi nc e r . ni W a t ra Dr J e Lei e bot not d nom or t m ode a elm ia i i pl ntf sc pa t f le nd . os ph z r h e e han r t i t ton n ai i f a ciy or s ti c e r ton a pesse e. ( 31 1 3 - . Consdei a1 t e de eof usaned onc ntai nd ritnc TR 6- 7, 4849) i rng l he vi nc r co d,t c tfnds s t tale de e t s e r he our i ubsan i vi nc o uppor t La J t he w udge' de e m i ton t tM s s t r na i ha . Shi eydoesnots f rfom ama ked l sofa lt t c bl ufe r r os biiy o once r t nta e. M s Shi e aloc e t t heAdmi sr tveLa J . bly s ontnds ha t nitai w udgef ie t gi a qua ewe g al d o ve de t i ht t pl i t f so n t tm ony r ga di t m anie t tonsofhe m ent he lh pr e s The co t o a n i f w esi e r ng he f sa i r al a t obl m . ur a e t t a t ad i sr tve he rng i t s ca e o Oc o r 20,201 M s Shi e ga gr es ha t he m nitai a i n hi s n t be 0, . bly ve t tmonywhi i c t t ts i nol ng a et e agei an wo k aci t onar gul ra esi ch ndia es ha he s o er bl o ng n y r tviy e a nd s t ne bm i. Howe r t c tbe ivest tpl n if st si ony fndsltl s usai d ss ve , he our le ha aitf e tm i ite uppor i t t n he m e c lr cor Asnot d a di a e d. e bove t m e a heat s cilsswho ha a t ly s e M s Shi e , he ntl lh pe a it ve c ua l e n . bl y s cik a l i c t t t s i not ove l i pa r w he s f l s he t e t e r m e pe t ly ndi a ed ha he s ry m ied n he olow r r a m nt egi n, i l ng pr ra nita i ofmood co r tngm e c i Fore mpl ,i hi c ulai nc udi ope dmi sr ton reci diaton. xa e n s ons t tve ps hol c las es me ,Dr Ga dne r pore a f l : yc ogi a s s nt . r r e td s olows The c a m a i a e t pe f m sm pl a r pe ii t ks a m a nt i r ul r l i nt s bl o r or i e nd e ttve as nd i a n eg a atendance i t w or ace.She i abl t per or w or actvii on a cons sent t n he kpl s eo f m k i tes it bas s Shei a et pe f r w or a tvii sw ihou s c a ora tonal upe vi i i. s bl o r o m k c i te t t pe i l ddii s r s on. The c ai an ' prm a y s c ofa ri duet he poori e a ton wih he 8- ea l m ts i l our e nge s o r nt r c i t r y r o1 da er Thecl i a hass r con r ne dsw hi h l a he f s r t d w ih d ught . a m nt t ong t ol e c e ve r nzt a e t he da e due t a lc ofpa e i s ls The cai ntwasa e t a e a l r ughtr o ak r ntng kil. l ma bl o cc pt 1 i tu to fom t s e m i r wih s e r ss a e s nsr c i ns r hi xn ne t om e it nc hown t a we i i a o ns rng n f us d m n r The c ai an t nds t ha c r i s s w ih s r i or , oc e nne . lm t e o ve ontol s ue t upe v s s c wo k r a dwi t ep b i. h i mo tieyt woks c e sul i a o wh r o r es n t h u lc S e s s l l o r u c s f l n j b e e h k y i e a ton w ih ot r i a am i m um . c a m a nt r c i t he s s t ni The l i ntha ne rde m pe a e She s ve co ns t d. i unlkey t d ompe a e d t t sr sof40 ho sperwe k ofc peii s i l o ec ns t ue o he tes ur e om ttve w o k. r ( 390) M ayKie,heph i a sa ssa whohass e aitf onargulrba i,pecfc l TR . r srt yscin' sitnt e npl nif e a sss iialy notd t tpl i ife re ess tsa t ya lt t f nc i i a lr pe t ,s vef he i biiy e ha antf xpe i nc aif c or biiy o u ton n l es c s a or r na lt t c e r t I s tM s Shi e st si o r ga di de lt tngm e a he t s pt si o onc ntae. n hor, . bly' e tm ny e r ng biia i nt l alh ym om s sm pl notc itntwih t body ofmediale d e i he c e. The c tbe ivest tt i y onsse t he c vienc n r as our le ha he Adm i sr tve La J nita i w udge pr ry dee mi d nott gi c r lng we g t pli ifsl y ope l t r ne o ve ontoli i ht o a ntf a t tm ony. esi Fort r as sa e t cour c l st tt Adm i sr tve La J he e ons t t d, he t onc ude ha he nita i w udge sopi on i ' ni s s uppored b s tntale d e.l f l wst tt fna de son oft Com mi sonerm us be t y ubsa i vi enc t olo ha he i l cii he si t af ûnned.La v. l br z , u a I a fnni t Com misone ' fnal cii t c t s ws Ce e e ze s pr . n fi ng he s i rs i de son,he our doe no s s t tM s Shi e i fe ofalde e son,a e y,a m ood dit ba .l e t t ugge t ha . bly s r e 1 pr s i nxit nd sur nce nde d, he m e c lr c d c im st tpli ifs f r fo s rousm e alhe lh pr blm swhih c n be di a e or onfr ha antf ufe s r m e i nt at o e c a expec ed t r s ti sgnik a s pt a ol t o e ul n i t nt ym om t ogy,e pec aly w he s i notpr ry m e c t d. s il n he s ope l di a e Ho e r i m us a n be no e t tt m e alhe t s cilss who ha teaed pl ntf w ve , t t gai t d ha he nt alh pe a it ve r t ai ifs co ton be i ve t ts c n enga i a r a ona e l ve ofa tviy i s m ai ai he te m ent ndii le ha he a ge n e s bl e l c i t f he nt ns r r at rg me Imu tb rc g ie ta t ia l yt d wo kwi o t n s b e tveprblmsd e e i n. t s e e o n z d h the n bit o o r t u a y u j ci o e o s i h not isl rnde acama t alydia ed.Cri v. tr 76F. 585, 95( hCi.1 . of tef e r li ntot l s bl ag Chae , 3d 594- 4t r 996) On ea an ia pe r t t c u th th Ad nsrtv La J d ec n iee a1 fh s be tve e g i,t p as o he o rt a te miitaie w u g o sd r d 1o t e u j ci fcor ras ys re byt me c lrc di a j cai pl ntf' camsf be ft. a t s e onabl uppo td he dia e or n dudi tng ai ifs li or neis 6 I e t c tbei ves t tt Adm i sr tve La J nde d, he our le ha he nita i w udge ofe ed a ve y r as fr r e onabl a e nd co pr he i s toflm ia i i t hypo he i al s i putt t voca i le r .l f l s m e nsve e i t tons n he t tc que ton o he tona xpe t t olow t ta 1f cesoft Com mi sone ' fna de ii a e s ha l a t he s i rs i l c son r upporedby s t nta e denc t ubsa il vi e. Asa ge r r e,r s uto ofcontit i t e de i am at rwihi t pr nceof ne al ul e ol i n lc s n he vi nce s te t n he ovi t Com misone e n i t c t i tr s vet c lcsdif r nty. Riha ds n v. r e , he s i r ve f he our m gh e ol he ontit fe e l c r o Pe als s Opl upm; wnhei v. nc 495F. 3 ( hCi.1 4) Fort ras nssaed,hec ti t m Fi h, 2d 96 4t r 97 . he e o tt t our fnds he Com m i s one ' r ol i oft pe t ntc lc s i t r c d i t s ca e t be s s i rs es uton he ri ne onfi t n he e or n hi s o uppored by t s tntale de .Ac r ngl t tna de ii n oft Comm iso rmus bea fr d.La ubsa i vi nce co di y,he i l c so he s i ne t fime ws v Cee r z e s r .An a prpraej d me ta do d r lb e tr dt i d y. . lb e z , up a p o it u g n n r e wil e nee h s a Thec e k i diece t s nd c rii d c e oft so ni t a1 couns lofr cor l r s r td o e e tfe opi s hi pi on o l e e d. DATEo:Thi , ù d yo u e 2 2 s 1$ l a rl n , 01 . ï . Chi fUnie St t D i ti tJ e t d a es s r c udge