-RSB Hamlett v. Clarke, No. 7:2011cv00322 - Document 13 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 7/27/2012. (tvt)
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CL S OFFI U s D1 ' ERK' CE AT RoM oc S7, COURT % sv, FIED L I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT J 2? 2 1 UL 92 FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A J A c ua ULI u ax R O A NO K E DI SI N VI O BY; D/ c x R I Y L.H A M LETT , CK CA SE NO .7: 116+ 00 322 Pe ii tt oner , M EM O R AN DU M O PI I N N O V. H AR O LD W .CLA R K E, By: G l n E .Conr e ad Chi fU ni e St esD i t i tJudge e t d at src R espondent . l i ky L. a l t,a V igi a i a e pr ee ng pr K ,fl t spe ii f a w rtof kc H m et r ni nm t oc di o ied hi tton or i ha a c pus puruantt 28U. 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Ha lt di notr s ndwihi t tm eal ted f rhi r s m et d e po t n he i lo t o s e pons ,ma ngt m at rrpe f t e ki he te i or he cou tsconsde a i Upon r vi oft r or t cou tc l st tt m oto t dimis r' i r ton. e ew he ec d, he r oncude ha he i n o s s m us be gr nt d. t a e Fact B ackzround ual O n A pr l20,2007,l oge Bum pas r n a f e i m ne s a ew nundsa t n r t ne t he hom e i nd he e ur d o r n D a le be w e n 11: a 11 45 a m . Ass dr i o t ca po t s s w Riky Ha lt nvil t e 30 nd : . 1 he ove nt he r r , he a c m et a a he m an a he bac door Ha lt,t s lroft t om e fikedt ci r te he nd not r t r k . m et he male he ' w n, lc he ga e t 1 S eTral a c it(ç .) J n. , 008 e i Trns rp ç ', a 30 2 . Tr ' ha be n s d e moki o o t gr ng nt he ound nea t bac doora nzhedup t Bumpas ,as ng whe e r he k nd s o s ki r s had bee Bum pas ha notm e H a l t be or t se o e . he n. s d t m e t f e hi nc unt r Bu s slsnurto a p o u t,n ldn d t xf igj ie fo h rh me Hn e t mpa s el tiin l r d cs i cu ig eo iyn u c ,r m e o . mlt a dhsc h r t l h rt yh dc met p rh s d txf igj ie Bl s u lc e he n i o o tod e he a o o u c a e eo iyn uc . z s no k d r mpa doo , t m e f l wedheri o t ho e. Bumpa sl d t doorbe nd t m a r and he n olo nt he us s ocke he hi he nd la ngt e i h rd n, n t tebae n f rs mej ie h ns b o g ttt t e e vi h m n e e we t o h sme t o o uc .W e he r u h i o h m, Ha eta dt c mp nint l h rte wa tdadfee t uc , os elf t e a ana d mlt n he o a o od e h y ne ifrn j ie s h et h m g i n ma easc n ti t t eb sme t W h ns er tr e wi tej ieti tme Ha e t n t e d e o d rp o h a e n . e h eu n d t h u c h s i , mlt a d h h co pa o we ewea i s m a ksa gl .Bumpas c d t l t y we et s m et me m ni n r rng ki s nd oves s oul el he r he n wo n bec us oft rbuidsandt i cot ng. Shealo r cog z d t i voi esfom t l ngt t m a e hei l her l hi s e nie her c r aki o he be or t y donnedt m a ks f e he he s . Thet m e gr bbed Bumpa s pus d he t t toor a as d whe ehe money wa . wo n a s , he r o he l , nd ke r r s Shes i s di no ha a m one butt dt m whe ehe c s box wa . Onem a puta ad he d t ve ny y, ol he r r ah s n pa rba ove Blmpa s he a t y te he up.Them e f pe g r z s ' ad, nd he id r n ound t c h box,e p y. he as m t Agan,he de i t y mande t know whe eBum pa s mone was Shet l t m t onl m one s do r s' y . o d he he y y he ha be o dt he c c d l nge o r hur h.The unte he f e ,ea ng he ha ted i fontofhe body, y i d r e t l vi r nds i n r r The r pl ce t bag w ih a c1 t c t n te wih a be t s s c d br a he be t , butnot y e a d he t 0 h urai i d t l, o he oul e t ter s e Asteme wake he u tesar t h rb d o m, mp s fl as r o j c a h r e . h n l d r p h tis o e e r o Bu a s et hap be t t e t oa a t ug i wasaknie Bumpa senga d t m e i c hr t nd ho ht t f. s ge he n n onver ai a ke t m a s ton, s d he bout t i pa e s a t dt m t tt y s d ge t i lvessr i ht ned o a go t c c . her r nt , nd ol he ha he houl t he r i ta g e ut nd o hm h U ps ais t m en t Bum pas t t c os twher t c c m oney w a . Bum pas t r , he ook s o he l e e he hur h s s t d t m s t ughtt r wasa ol he he ho he e bout$ 400, t y t i. Them e putBumpa son t be , and he ook t n s he d de a ng m or m o y,a H a l t t r a e d t c he a kilhe . Bum pa shea d t m e m ndi e ne nd m e t h e t ne o ut r nd l r s r he n r n a kn he be r o The t o e lyfo t a mor si t r o a ds mec i sh r a s c ig r d o m. y o kjwer r m wo r ie n he o m n o o n e de ea e hus c s d band ha c l t d.Afe aquitperod,Bum pa st htt m e had gone d olece tr e i s houg he n . Th n, mlt rtr e ,a g e s mek y , n t l h rt yweetkn h rc r Ha et n e Ha et eu n d j n ld o e s a d o d e he r a ig e a . mlt a d hi c s ompa on l ti he ca ,l vi Bumpas tedup on t be ni ef n r r ea ng si he d.Bumpas fe d he s l s r e r ef s f inty t ge t at l phonea calt polc ,at h s wast bl t fe he ha or ufk e l o t o e e nd l he i e lhoug he ma e o r e r nds r m ove t c t n f om ove he e s w ihoutpolc as i t e e he urai r r r ye t i e s s anc . A polc dipa c c le a 1 47 p. . orofi e st r po t o Bumpas hous a ie s t her a ld t 2: m f fc r o e r t s' e, nd t y a ved wihi m i e .Bumpa sga t polceades rpton ofhe at c sa s ve he ni t n nut s s ve he i ci i r ta ker nd, e n da lt r i ntfed Hamlt fom a lne ofphot a . A polcei tgaorphot a d ys a e , de ii et r i up ogr phs i nvesi t ogr phe and r c r d ac ga et but fom t pah ne rBumpas 'ba k d and ha i t t d f DNA. e ove e i r te t r he t a s c oor d t ese or Bum pa sha t d t of i ert ts di no s o a G d notkno how i g t r .' Tr a s d ol he fc ha he d t m ke nd t di w t ot he e ' . t 73. The of i e no e t tt but, hi h w ast o y c ga e t f t d on Bum pas 'pr pe t fc r t d ha he t w c he nl i r te o m s o ry, silhad a h on i a a a e t bei ail fe h. Tr a 59,83- 211 1 On J y 6,2007, tl s t nd ppe r d o 4 ry r s ' . t f ' 85, - 4. ul t De rm e ofFor nscScinceis a r por sa i t tt DN A pr iedeveope fom he pa t nt e i e s ued e t ttng ha he ofl l d r t s s oft ci r te but ha bee t e r he a i tt Vi g ni D N A D a a Ba and f et he ga e t t d n i a c d ga ns he r i a s t nk ound t o be c it ntwih'Ri k Hnmlt.Pe . D .Buc a s bsf Riky Ha lt we e lt r onsse t ' cy e' t Ex. t c l wa or c m et r ae c ompa e agans t DNA pr ie fom t ci r tebut a on Oc obe 25,2007, he r d i t he ofl r he ga e t t nd t r t De rme ofFor nscSce is da r por sa i t tt pr biiy oft DNA o t pa t nt e i ince s ue e t ttng ha he oba lt he n he c ga e t but be ong ng t s e ot t n Ri ky H n l t w a g ea e t n one i 6. bilo i r te t l i o om one her ha c m e t s r t r ha n 5 li n. Pet Ex.E. . Hn ett dpolcet thewa a t Vigni Empl ntCommison(E ' ofke mlt ol i ha s t he r i a oyme si $ VEC' f ) a t tm e oft r be y. V EC r c ds f o Apr l20,2007,s w e t tH a l t s gne i a t he i he ob r e or r m i ho d ha m e t i d n t t V EC of i e a 11: a m . nd w a c le i f a i t r i w ih VEC wor rLi a W is a he fc t 01 . a s a l d n or n n e v ew t ke s l on t 11:0 am . c l se untlW is si e vew wih t ne a i ntbega a 11 1 a. . 1 . whih a t d i lon' nt r i t he xt pplca n t :9 m VEC r co dss e r howe t tawor rl d Ha etou a 1139 am . d ha ke ogge ml t t t : . Atti l Ha etsg rfind, m ot r a herm ot r sboyfind alt tfe t t ra , ml t' ilre her he , nd he ' re l esiid ha t y ha gone w ih H a l t t t V EC on A pr l20, he d t m e t o he i 2007,a w e e t r untla l as 11 38 nd r he e i t e t : a. . The t sii d t ta t la ng t VEC,he a Ha lt we t l h t t ra t t m y e tte ha fer e vi he t y nd m e t nt o unc ogehe nd ha Hn e ta hi gilre t wen home s hec dm o t lwn.A ne g ml t nd s rf ind hen t o oul w he a i hbort sii d t t e tfe ha Ha etbo r we he lwnmowe bewe 1 30 a 1:5 p. . r t ld i l trt t ml t r o d r a r t en 2: nd 1 m and etm e t ae ha a t r n. f e noo Thede e ntdi nott siy i hi de e e.J on Ha lt, m lt' c i t si d a f nda d e tf n s f ns as m e t Hn ets ousn, e tfe t tilha h h db e t Bu a s h u ewi Ha etob yj iet tme o Ap i 1 a ra t t e a e n o mp s ' o s t mltt u uc wo i s n rl 7 nd h onc on Aprl1 2007,bu Bumpas wasnothom eo t e oc a i .J s t tfedt t e i 8, t s n hos c sons a on esi ha H a l t ha be n s oki on m o et n one oft s vi is m e t d e m ng r ha he e s t . 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Buti t s c s t s i ntfc e de e i w ha 1fnd i e e tng. l ve go a n hi a e he c e i i vi nc s t i nt r s i ' t cgaet a t pitleclal s i rte nd he ctr e ry howst ti' fes ... ndlvego g- ets ha ts r h. a ' t lamlt'l l 2 Ham l talo pl et s eaded guit t a char off ony es pe a a pr ton vi a i . He does ly o ge el ca nd oba i olton notr s any habeaschalenge t t econvi i . aie l o hes ctons 4 DNA on i. lvego M s Bumpa ss yi s s i t s d,bute n i s di t t ' t . s a ng he aw t os e ve f he dn' s ei,i' t onl onet tsf e t ts he y ha ' ound,a 1fnd i ha dt be ivet tci r te was nd i t r o le ha ga e t outt r tle orf da ,t ought niht t ought da .Tha ij t hee lre our ys hr he g ,hr he ys t s us i nconc i bl t m el ng a i. . eva e o ooki t t ( s Bu sjp c s( mlt)o to al -p sve d y a tr r so t M . mpa s ik Hn et u f i u e n a s fe wa d u ne o t l e n t u tsx. . n . . h s e t i wih ( mltl Yo k o t i f wev , o j s i . a d . s e p n tme t Ha et. u n w,h s i t m os mi - a ge r r lvee rs n. The go ove wihoutt i s he t sm na d obbe y ' ve ee y r t her ma ksa dp t h m o . . fe te h veb e wi t evci a ie l i j t s n u t e n . a tr h y a e n t h itm whl. t s us h a ur bs d. A nd hi e de e i t the w a a VEC w ih t e f ks and w ihout s vi nc s ha s t t hes ol , t g tigit whiho e aemo ebeiv be l u tfn tes in ii e ie et et n o c n s r r le a l, j s id h ce tfc vd nc o n be c pe lng i t s c e. Ti d i w ih M s Blm pa s I ,1be i ve t r i om li n hi as e n t . l s'D le he e s e nough t c c hi ofr o onvi t m obbe y a l r e r nd a c ny. Tra T . 941 J n. 0, 0 .Th j d ed s se asp r t c a g o a du t n,i dn i t il r 23 - , a 3 2 08 e u g imis d e aae h r e f b ci fn ig t o o bei l ncudedi t ca ef r r By fna or re e ed o Aprl9,2008,ast t r r n he s or obbe y. i l de ntr n i o he obbe y a gr nd lr ny c ci ns t c r s ntnce Hamlt t at alof40 ye r ,wih 25 y r nd a a ce onvi to ,he ou t e e d et o ot as t ea s S pe d. us nde Ha eta a e t c c i , g ngt tt e d ewasi ufk intt i ntf ml t ppe l d he onvitons ar ui ha he vi enc ns t e o de iy hi be m yond ar as e onabl do a t pe per t oft c i .The Cour ofAp a sof e ubt s he r taor he rmes t pe l Vignau h l t etil o ts u g n a dd ne t ea p a i ad t i d m itn o iin. r ii p ed h ra c ur'j d me t n e id h p e ln eal , te pno e Ha e t Commonwe lh, 05 08- ( Ct App. c.1 20 ) TheCour f t t mlt v. at No. 22- 3 Va. . De 2, 08 . tound ha t co lc sbe we n t def nda ' ai e d ea t vitm ' t tmony di notr nde t he ntit t e he e nts lbi vi enc nd he c i s esi d e r he vi tm ' i ntfc to oft d e nti r nty i r di e a t t ti lc tdi notabus c i s de i a i n he ef nda nhe e l nc e bl nd hat he r a our d e isdic e i i r l ngon t tt si t s r ton n eyi ha e tmony a DNA e d ncet fndHa lt guit oft nd vi e oi m e t ly he o fns s A t rej dg pa e d n e Ha etsa p a f r h s mera o a t eS p e fe e . h e -u e n l e id mlt' p e l o t e a e s n, nd h u rme Cour ofV i g ni r us Ha l t ' s e nta a i a one pag or r H a l t v. t r i a ef ed m e ts ubs que ppe l n - e de . m e t Commonweat No. 01 ( Sep . 2009) 1h, 091 2 Va. t 25, . 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Fa l d t ar ue t tt r ulsofDN A t t w e e ie o g ha he es t es s r i dm i sbl be us t pr e uto f l d t fl t m a l as na s i e ca e he os c i n aie o ie he t e t s ve da be or ti l a e n ys f e r a ; nd c. Fa l d t r quie t t tm ony oft f e i a l t ie o e r he es i he or nsc na ys w ho pe f m e t DN A t s s r or d he et; 2. Pe ii ne r ce ve i f c i a s s a e o cot s i t thi ator y tto r e i d nef e tve s it nc f m el n ha s t ne fie t o jc t t ea miso o t DNA tsso t g omdta t ee ie e ald o be t o h d sin f he et n he r t h t h vd nc f ie t pr vet cga e t b ton whih t t sswe epe f a ld o o he i r te ut c he e t r ronmedwast s me he a c ga e t but t twasr ove e f om t vi tm ' ya d; nd i r te t ha ec r d r he c i s r a 3. Pe ii rr e ve i f e tve a s sa ofc ttone ec i d ne f c i s i t nce ouns la cl i whe e t os ng n hi a t e s tom y: a. iedt a guepe ii rwase ild t ac ta a a Fal o r ttone ntte o quit l s m a trof1w be us hepr de e de et s te a ca e ovi d vi nc o uppo t sai ' r hi lbi , and b. ie t a g t tt vi tm ' i ntt a i n of Fa l d o r ue ha he c i s de ik to pettonerast per r ors d be di ii he petat houl scount because ot ed her w iness pl t es aced hi s ewher el e att tm e oft crm e. m om e s he i he i 6 11 l or rt obt n f e a ha a r le ,a am i m u ,pe ii ne m us de onsr t t the n de o ai ed r l be s ei f t ni m tto r t m ta e ha i Gn cusody i vi ai oft Co tt i orlwsorteai soft Unie Sot s' 28 U. C. sl i t n ol ton he nsiuton a r te he t d e .' S. j2 a.Addiinal u r28U. C.j22544 af rlc r maynotgrntawrto 254() to ly, nde S. *, edea ou t a i f ha asco pusbas o a cai t tasa ec tde i o t me isunl s t t be r ed n ny l m ha tt our cded n he rt e s ha a j d c to du iain: ()r ule i ade iint twasc r yt ori veda t e o e 1 es td n cso ha ontar o, nvol n mras nabl a i a i of c ea l es a i he Fe r l w ,a de e m i by t Supr m e pplc ton , l ry t bls d de al a s t r ned he e Cour oft Unie St t s or t he t d a e ; ( r uledi ade so t twasba e ona l e ona edee mi ton 2) es t n ciin ha s d n mras bl tr nai oft f t i lgh oft e de pr s ntd i t Stt c t oc ed ng. he ac s n i t he vi nce e e e n he a e our pr e i 2 U.. j2 5 4 Th q e to Esn t te afd rlc u t eiv st esaec r' 8 SC. 2 4 *. e u sin i o wheh r e ea o r b le e h tt ou ts i deer na i wa i or e tbutwhehe t tdee mi ton wa unr s t mi ton s nc r c t r ha tr na i s ea onabl- as t ntal e ubsa i ly hi rt ehol ' Sc iov.La i n,550U. 465,473( ghe hrs d. hrr ' ndrga S. 2007) . To s ce d on a cl i ofi f ec i as i t nce pe ii ne m us es a i h t tc uc e am ne f tve s sa , tto r t t bls ha ouns l s e' pe f ma ewasi i int' Sti klnd, U. a 687.tl sr quie s ror nc s ce . rc a 466 S. t def ' i- e r s howi t tco e -hi ng ha uns l ma e r ss s ro t tco e wasnotf toni a t û de ror o e i us ha uns l unc i ng s he couns 'gua a e d byt Si h el r nt e he xt Am e ndme .'L. Pe ii rm us o r ome asr pr umpton t tco elspe f ma nt' ds ttone u t ve c tong es i ha uns ' ror nce wasw ihi t r nge ofco pe e e de ande f om a t ne de e ng crm i lc s ,' nd t n he a m t nc m d r tor ys f ndi i na a es' a t ttunde t cr msa s (o e'jc le eda tonmi bec i rds mdti ha t r he icu tnce , c unsls halng ci ght onsdee ot ral sr tg ' 1 . t 9.Peiin rmu tas s o ta c u s lsd fce t ro ma c p eu ie tae y.3 d a 68 tt e s lo h w h t o n e ' eiin pef r n e rj dc d ' o hi de e e. I Thi f c toft St i kl nd a l i r quiespe ii nert pr i r s bl s f ns d. s a e he r c a na ys s e r tto o ove ç ea ona e a pr biiy t t b f c oba lt ha , ut or ouns l st pr e s o le r s t r ul oft pr e ng woul ha e ' m of s i na r or , he es t he oce di d ve 3 Couns lstsr egi choi madeafe t ough i tgaton ofl and f t r e e ' çtat c ces tr hor nvesi i aw ac s elvantt o pl bl optonsa e vit l unchalengea e.' Sti and,466 U. at690. ausi e i r rualy l bl ' rckl S. 7 be ndifrnt' J .Thehabe c t dno deemi wheherc e pef me dekinty e fee . #' as our nee t tr ne t ouns l ror d t e l i tecam i r a i d s se frlc o p eu c .l a 6 7 f h li s e dl imis d o a k f rj die d. t 9 . y I Cli 1a,Ha etague t tunde t notfc tonrquie ntofVa Code n am () mlt r s ha, r he iiai e rme . j 1 .- 7 ., c u s 1 h udh v o j ce i wrt gt a miso o tet c ri tso 92 2 054 o n e s o l a e b e td n ii o d sin f h wo e tkae f n t a l i oft DN A f om t c ga e t but on t g o na ys s he r he i r te t he r undst ts h e de w a ir e ntt ha uc vi nce s r el va o t i s ofH n l t' i ntt a t pe pe r t a t tad i s on oft D N A evi nce w a he s ue m e ts de iy s he r t a or nd ha m s i he de s u ul p eudca.I a d e sn ti cam i saec u t a e sp o e d n s t Su e nd y rj iil n d r sig h s li n tt o r h b a r c e i g ,he prme Cour ofVi gi a f t r ni ound t tH a l t f ied t s ts y e t rpr oft St i kl nd a l i . The ha nie t a l o a i f ihe ong he r c a na ys s Co te esl f t tc ms lhadno g f t rlva yobecint ad s i oft ur xpr sy ound ha ot e ood aih ee nc j to o mison he c rii a e ,a t scou ag ee .TheDNA t s r ulswe er e ntt pr t tHamlt had e ttc t s nd hi rt r s e t es t r elva o ove ha et bee on Bumpas pr pe t a c r bo a e he t si o t tHa lt wa t m a s s w n s' o ry nd oro r t d r e tm ny ha m e t s he n he a s moki nea he por h who lt r wih hi c pa on,at cke he i he home. TheSupr me ng r r c ae , t s om ni ta d r n r e Co r o Vigni as f u dt a b c u ec u s l a n b ssf rteo j cinsHa et o u t f r i a lo o n h t e a s o n e h d o a i o h b e to mlt n w ofe s co eldi notvi aej 1 2- 5.l a ton,asr ponde ague hee,Hn ethas fr, uns d olt 9. 270. n ddii es nt r s r mlt nots n a r pe ti w hi h t DN A t s r ulshad a t nde t S oduce pas i a how ny es c n c he e t es t e ncy o s pr s on nd p eu ieo to p o rint isp o ai ev le' Co v Co n at, 4 S. 2 8 , 23 rj dc u f rpo t o t r b tv au . e . mmo we 1h 3 0 E.d 20 8 o ' ( 9 6 .Co n e wa n td f e tfrfingt ma et eme ie so j ci n Ha et r sn s 1 8 ) u s l s o ekin o al o k h rt s be to s mlt p e e t, i l a H a l t doe nots nd m e t s how a r s na e lke i ea o bl i lhood t t butf cou e ' om i s on, he out m e ha , or ns l s si t co a t i lw oul ha be dif r nt The Supr m e Cour ofV i g ni s de s on r ga di t s t ra d ve en f e e . e t r i a' d i e r ng hi cl i w a neiherc r y t nora unr as bl a i to ofc e l es a i hed f de a l w , am s t ontar o, n e ona e pplca i n l ary t bls e rl a a wasnota unr as bl dee mi ton oft f . The ef e t c tc l nd n e ona e tr na i he ads r or , he our oncudest tast ha o Cli 1()t moi t dimismus begrntd, s ntt j225 *. am a,he ton o s s t a e purua o 4( 4 Sec i 1 .2- .5 r r apa y t pr dewrten notce oft part si e t chalenge ton 9 270 equies rt o ovi it i hat y' nt nt o l t adm isi lt oft r ulsofaDNA a yss. he s biiy he es t nal i 8 Ha et r u si Cli 1b) h tc u e s o l h v o j ce t a miso o teDNA mlt ag e n am ( t a o nsl h u d a e be td o d si n f h c r ii t bec us t pr ec orf ie t fl t m w ih t t i lc ta l as s ve da e tfca es a e he os ut a l d o ie he t he r a our t e t e n ys befr tili vi ai ofVigi aCodej1 2- 87. Ha eta srst tc e ma aS o e ra,n olton r ni 9. 1 mlt s et ha ouns l de ç bad f ih r pr s nt i ' o t c tt tc at e e e aton't he our ha ouns lhad s n wih Ha lt who a e d t wavet e poke t m et gr e o i he saut r flng r quie t t o y ii e r ment Hamlt c e t thedi notc e t t wave . ; et ontnds ha d ons nt o he i r TheSupr m eCo tofVigi af undt tt scli f ie unde bot pr e ur r ni o ha hi am al d r h ongsof St i kl nd' rc a . Ther or i udi t a fda tofc ela t ti ta c i , m onsr t s ec d, ncl ng he fi vi ouns nd he ral r ns rpt de ta e t tcouns lc e asa sr t gi de i i n nott c le t r uls o t D NA ha e hos ta e c c s o o ha l nge he es t f he a ay i o t fc t a ( mlt)wa p e e ta tevitm' h me a di ta n l ss r he a t h t Ha et s r sn th ci s o , n nse d p e e tde ie c ta ( mlt)h dj si a l b e p e e t ttes e ea r s ne vd n e h t Ha et a u tf by e n r s n a h c n t i tm e o he t n whe t c i e oc ur ed. M a t r ofr s bl ti s r t gy i s t r ha n he r m s c r te s ea ona e ral t a e a el tt couns ' dicr to Furhe ,c uns la s rsi hi a fdavi t tt r ef o els s ei n. t r o e s e t n s fi t ha he Co monwe lh i e d t s e aco i ceoft ca e i or rt c m a t nt nde o e k ntnuan he s n de o ompl y wiht sve da noi rquie ntand( mltlhasputf t no e de t he e n- y tce e rme , Hn e' t orh vi nce t t(hijrque twoul notha be ngrnt ha t s e s d ve e a ed. ( s Ex. Or ra 3. Rep. 4, de t ) Ha lt doesnotco e tcom s lssa e ntt tt de e e sr t y di noti l a m et nt s t e ' t t me ha he f ns taeg d ncude c le t t vai t oft DNA t s r s t .Ast ta c i verfes Ha lt hadhi ha lnge o he ldiy he e t e uls he r ns rpt ii , m e t s c us n,J s H a l t,r ad t t s iy i s o i a on m e t e y o e tf n uppor ofH a l t ' t r o t ca e- t tH n l t t m e ts heo y f he s ha m e t ha be n a Bumpas 'hous t o t e da be or t c i e , ha bee e s wher whe d e t s e wo r hr e ys f e he rm s but d n le e n s wa a tc he s ta ked. W avi t notc r uie e ,wih orwihoutHa lt' e es c e , i ng he ie eq r m nt t t m e ts xpr s ons nt wa at tc lc c c itntwih t def et or t whih Ha etha ag ee s aci a hoie ons se t he ens he y o c ml t d r d. Stiklnd, U. a 689(i ngt ha sc tc nnots ond- s couns ' ras e rc a 466 S. t fndi hat bea our a ec gue s els e onabl srt cc c ) M o e r Ha etf ist s a ylkei t tt ti c t dno taegi hoies. r ove , mlt al o how n i lhood ha he ral our woul t have gi t Com m onw ea1h a contnuancet cur any def i t notce s t DN A t t ven he t i o e ect n he i o he es r s t c d be a it d. Thus Ha l t f ist de ons r t t tc e uls oul dm t e , m e t a l o m t a e ha ouns ' w a ve oft notc els i r he i e 9 rq ie n wa et e d tce tp ro ma eo p eu iil n e S rc a d.Th S prme e urme t s ih r ei in ef r nc r rj d ca u d r tikln eu e Co tofv igi a s dim i s loft scl i w asnotc r r t ora unr s na e a i a i of ur r ni ' s s a hi a m ont a y o n ea o bl pplc ton fd r la o a u r a o a l itprtto o t efcs Cli 1b mus b d s se un e e ea lw r n n e s n be ne eai n f h a t. am ( ) t e imisd d r j2 5 ( 2 4 *. I Cli 1c,Ha etco ai t tc e s dha s n am () mlt mpl ns ha ouns l houl ve ubpoe e t f e i na d he ornsc s e i twho pr pa e t c r ii a esofa ys s o notfe t Com m o ci nts e r d he e tf c t nal i r ii d he nwea t t the w a e lh ha nt d t c r t s i nts . H a l t c e t tc o onf ont he c e i t m e t ont nds ha ouns ls om i s on c tt e aw a ve ofhi e' s i ons iut d i r s Si h Ame e trghtt c r t s e it a r ogni d i Cr wf d v. as nu on,541 xt ndm n i o onfont he cints, s ec ze n a or W hi t U. 36( S. 2004)andi M ee zDi v. asa hus ts 557U. 3 1 S. .25 ( n lnde - az M s c et, S. 05, 29 Ct 27 2009) ( i whieHa etsdie ta pe lwaspe ng) decded l mlt' rc p a ndi . The Supr e Cour ofV i g ni f em t r i a ound t tHa l t ' f il e t pr f rt expe t d ha m e t s a lz o of e he r ce t si o oft ss e it ort s e tm ny hi cints, o how how s h t si o woul ha at r d t out ome i hi uc e tm ny d ve le e he c n s ca e,w a f t lt hi c a m unde bo h pr s s aa o s li r t ongsofSti kl nd. The co tag ee . W ihouta rc a ur r s t s cii s pe fc howi ofwha t m isng e de eort si ng t he s i vi nc e tmony wo d ha be n,Ha lt c nno ul ve e m et n t d mo srt et e t ttil o ns lsp ro ma c wa d t e to t a h wa p eu ie b e n tae ih r ha ra c u e' ef r n e s ekin r h t e s rj dc d y a alege er .Se Be ve v. mps 93F. 11 6,11 ( h Ci.1 ;s ealoBur r ny l d ror e a r Tho on, 3d 8 95 4t r 996) e s ze v. mp, 3U. 7 6 7 3(98 )( odngt a p tto rc udn ts o p eudc wh r h Ke 48 S. 7 , 9 1 7 h li h t eiine o l o h w rj ie e e e di nots d ubmi a a fda tfom t wine sesa ihi t tt wine swoul haveofe e t n fi vi r he t s t bls ng ha he t s d fr d s t ilmii tnge de ei heha tsii ) ubsrta tgai vi nc f d etted .Thesaec t s poi edou ot rtil tt our alo nt t he ra e de et tpl c d Ha lt s oki aci r tea fiki i i o Bum pa s ya d - e de e vi nc ha a e m e t m ng ga et nd lc ng t nt s ' r - vi nc o whi c n ch ouns lcoul r as bl havec l d t tt a ys ' t tmony woul not e d e ona y onc ude ha he nal ts esi d be /tH mnl t ' de e e.H a l t doe no de ons r t t tc ne e ts f ns m e t s t m ta e ha ouns ls f im e t c l t a l t e ' a l o a l he na ys wa det e pe f ma eors s ki nt ror nc how ar s bl pr biiy t tt r s toft m oce di ea ona e oba lt ha he e ul he e ng r h woul ha bee dif r ntwiht a l tst si o The e or ,t scli f isunde bot d ve n fe e t he nays' e tm ny. r f e hi a m a l pr ofStiklnd,hesaeco tsadudiai wa notc rr t ora t e ona e ongs rc a t tt ur' j c ton s ontay o n mras bl a iai offde a lw o a unra o ei e eainoft fcs a Cl m 1c)mus be pplc ton e r l a r n e s nabl ntmrtto he a t, nd ai ( t d s se t e j2 5 ( imis d md r 2 4 *. Ha etc ne dsi Cli 2t t o n e s o l h v o j ce t a miso o t mlt o tn n am ha c u s l h ud a e b e td o d sin f he c rik aesofanayssbec us t Comm onweat f ld t pr t tt ci r tebu tt se e tt t l i a e he 1h aie o ove ha he ga e t t e t d wast s m eoner tive fom Bt s 'ya d. I a e sngt sc am , t saeha asc t he a ere d r unpa s r 5 n ddr s i hi l i he tt be our f ound t tt ti r c d s fcinty e tbls a pr pe c i ofcusody f t cga et but, ha he ral e or ufi e l sa ihed o r han t or he i r te t a t sc t r s Of e Si nst tfe t ts f nd hi our ag ee . fc r mpki esiid ha he ound t ci r te but ne rt por h he ga e t t a he c ofBum pas hous ,phot gr phe i t r ,c l c e t but i a bag,a ke i on he pe s n s' e o a d t he e ole t d he t n nd pt t r ro untls pl c d i i apolcede rme e de va t Si pki de c i d lt rr tivi t i he a e t n i pa t nt vi nce ul. m ns s rbe a e ere ng he but f om t va t m aii i by c r ii d m a lt t D e rm e ofFor ns c Sc e f t s i t r he ul, lng t e tfe i o he pa t nt e i i nce or e tng, a r c vi t c rik a eofa l i i r t . Thec t i , di t Supr m eCour of nd e ei ng he e tt t nayss n e um our fnds as d he e t Vigi a,ha Hn lt hasofe e no e de e s si t ta r ni t t m e t frd vi nc ugge tng ha nyone at r d ort mpe e wih le e a rd t 5 I at n yped addendum t hi ha o s ndwrten petton, Ha lt a s as erst tcouns s dhave it ii m e t l o s t ha el houl ob e tdt a misonoftec riiae u e M ee d zDizv. a s c us ts i whih t Uni d j ce o d si h e tfc ts nd r ln e - a M sa h et, n c he t e St esSupr Courtr cogni d f t frttm et ce tfcaesofanal i ar f i l i i t at eme e ze or he is i hat rii t yss e unctonaly dentcal o t lve çi cour't tm ony oft anal twho pr r t cerii e. U . ,l S.Ct 2527, he i tn- t' es i he ys epa ed he tfcat S. 29 . 25 ( 00 .Be a s t sd csonddno is eu tl 09 afe Ha etstilhi dee ec u e wa 32 2 9) c u e hi e ii i t s u n i20 , tr mlt' 'a, s fns o ns l s r no i fetv i fiigt oj c t a sino t criiae u e ti de iin.S eKona e v. tnefcie n aln o beto dmiso fhe etfc ts nd r hs cso e r hrns Evat 66F.d 1 0,1 0( t Ci. 9 )(E n atr e sa ssa ei no r n r d ie fciebe a e t 3 35 36 4h r 1 95 t to n y' s itnc s t e dee n fe tv c us a hefie t a iia ean w r eo Iw' W ak rv. oh o Ci lAcinNo. : 1 v -HEH, 1 a ld o ntcp t e ul f a ); le J ns n, vi to 3 1 c 75 20 2 WL 8 378 * ( D. . r9, 01 (idi n i fetveassa ewheec unelaldt obet 2 4, 7 E. Va Ma. 2 2) fn ng o nefci sitnc r o s fie o jc t a misono c riiae o a lssonc nfo ain gou b c us o j cinwoul h v be nf tl o d si f e t c t s f nay i o r ntto r nds e a e b e to f d a e e uie un rVigni 1w beo eMelnd zDiz . de r i a a f r e e - a ) Cou e' fiuet obett t DNA e d n wa as c nssetwiharaon bl dee e nsls alr o jc o he vie ce s lo o itn t e s a e fns t oy ta i lde e de eofHa e tsp irviist Bumpa s ho ewihhi co i t bu uie. he r h t ncu d vi nc mlt' ro st o s' us t s usn o yj c Haml tar et guest t ti cour bas isfndi ofguitprm a iy on t DNA e dence,butt c hat he ral t ed t i ng l i rl he vi he ourt rj c st sa g me t Thetilc ur' c mme t e ha iet a e rnc oft cia et i t ee t hi r u n . ra o ts o n s mp sz he pp a a e he g rte n he phot aph asbei fes y dica ded and Bumpas i ii ton ofHam lt ast pem eta or gi ogr ng r hl s r s' dentfca i e t he r t , ven here ensve i e acton wih hi ,bot bef eand a erhedonned hi mas Thi courtfndsno xt i nt r i t m h or ft s k. s i de i entpe f m a r di t DNA e de and no r ona e lkelhood t even abse t fci r or nce egar ng he vi nce eas bl i i hat nt he adm isi oft DNA evi nce,Ham l twoul ha bee a ted. s on he de et d ve n cquit t ci r tebut be or i r c d t lb f t si Be aus Hn lt f ist m a s le de e he ga e t t f e t ea he he a or e tng. c e m et a l o rha vi nc s o n d t e tp ro ma c o p eudc u d rSrc lnd t ec u t o cud st a tesae h wig ekin ef r n e r rj ie n e tika ,h o r c n l e h t h tt c u tsaj dc to wa nete c nrr t n ra u r ao a ea p iainofce ry o r' du iain s i r o tay o o n n e s n bl p lc to h la l e t bls d f de all w,andwasnotanunr s na ei t p r tton oft f c s a Cl i 2 sa ihe e r a ea o bl n e ea i he a t , nd am mu tb d s se u e j22 4( . s e imis d nd r 5 * Hn e'a s t i Cl m 3a t afe t Commonwe 1hr se isrbuta cae, mlt sers n ai () hat tr he t at etd t e tl s c els ul ha m ove f a ta asama troflw, c us Ha lt' ai wines es ouns ho d ve d or cquitl te a be a e m ets lbi t s a V EC bus ne sr cor w e e unc t t d and c e t d r as bl doub t tH a l t nd i s e ds r on ese r a e e ona e t ha m e t c mmitdt eci s Thesaec u t ee tdt i cam u d rb t p o so Src ln a d o te h rme . tt o r rj ce hs li n e oh r ng f tika d, n t sc t hi our doest s me. Co e r we hi moton t srkea t cl eoft evi nc a he n uns l ene d s i o ti t he os he de e nd co i d hi e f rsi c osng a g e s Couns a s td t tHn lt' wines e a ntnue s fo t n l i r um nt. el s ere ha m ets t s s nd busnes r c dspr d Ha eta rve a t VEC wih agr a o i s e or ove ml t r i d t he t oup r und 11a. .a t t m , nd ha Ha eti er e d wih aVEC c ms orun i a l a t11:9 a ,a wo d notha ha tme ml t nt viwe t ol el tl t e s 1 m nd ul ve d i t g f om t V EC t Bum pas 'hous by 11: 0 a. . w he s fr te ount r d t o o r he o s e 3 m , n he i s nc e e he pe pe r t r . Couns lemphasze aVEC c r ta o s e i d ouns l ' t si on a eors e tm y bouti e vewi Hn e ts nt r i ng ml t' gi lr e sm ot rf 45 m i t s a poi ed o t l k ofe de e t tH a l t l tt r f i nd' he or nu e , nd nt ut he ac vi nc ha m e t ef he VEC be or ot r i hi gr f e he s n s oup. Co e a gue t tbe a e H a l t ' e denc pr ve he w a uns l r d ha c us m e t s vi e o d s s e r e s a t tme o t c i t e de ewa no s t i ntt fnd hi guit om whe e le t he i f he rme, he vi nc s t ufk e o i m ly. Cot s lha no bas st ar t tHa l t wase il d t ac tala a m a t rofl w , m e d i o gue ha m e t ntte o quit s te a howe r Subsa ile de e s po td a g ly ve di t Bumpas t tsedt tHa lt ve . tnta vi nc up re uit r c. s esi ha m e t r obbe he a s ol he c r I wast ti c tsf nc i t de e m i whe he t s e d e d r nd t e r a . t he ral our ' ' ton o t r ne u t r hi vi enc orH a l t' albie de e w a m or c edi e a e il d t t m o tw e ght J c on v. m e t s i vi nc s e r bl nd ntte o he s i . a ks Vigi a 4 U. 3 31 ( 979) Coms i no i fe tvefrfii t ma amotonfr r ni, 43 S. 07, 9 1 . t els t nefci o alng o ke i o whc t eei t o iu b ss' Cln o v. i, 2 F.d 1 5 ,1 5 ( t Ci.1 8 ) a d ih h r s t bvo s a i, a tn Bar 8 6 2 3 4 3 9 4h r 9 7 , n no ' w ihou a s i t tt r t t how ng ha he eque t d m oton ha a r as bl pr biiy t s c ed,t se i d e ona e oba lt o uc e he p tto e f i t p o ep eu iet e S rc ln . Th s tesaec u tsa j dc to wa n t eiin r al o r v rj dc md r tika d u ,h tt o r' du iai n s o s conta y t o an unr as bl a ia i off de a lw,ora unr as bl i e r t ton oft rr o r e ona e pplc ton e r l a n e ona e ntm e ai he fc s a Cli 3()mus bedimisdunde j2254( . a t, nd am a t s se r d) l Cl m 3( , mlt c e t tc ms lofeedadei e r s ns t t til n ai b) Ha et ontnds ha ol e fr tcint epo e o he ra cou tsi r co e ni wha we g t a f d t Bumpa s i nttcai ofHamlt fom a r ' nquiy nc r ng t i ht o for o s ' de ii ton et r lne ofphot r phs m lt a s t t tc uns s dha a tc d t vai t oft i up og a .Hn et s ers ha o el houl ve ta ke he ldiy he phot lne p i ntfcai n bas on t ai wines 't si onya on Bumpas 'i nsse o i u de ii to ed he lbi t s e tm nd s nco it nt sae nsa o t h cg rteb t. Th saec u tee tdt i cam u d rb t fc t o ttme t b u t e i aet ut6 e tt o r rjce h s li n e oh a es f Sti kl r c and. Couns lar ued e ensvey t tHaml tsai wines e we e uni e g xt i l ha et' lbi t s s r mpea hed a t t c nd ha Bum pa sof e ed c lc i a t nt tve t s i on i i ntf ng H a l t a one oft r s f r onfi tng nd e a i e tm y n de iyi m et s he obbe s r. Couns la g d t tBumpas 'i onsse c e r ue ha s nc it nt omme sa utt ci r tebut i c t d nt bo he ga e t t ndia e Bum pas 'm e or ofe nt w asi cc a e o e beli he ca tng doub on he i nttca i n s m y ve s na ur t r m ls d, s i t r de ii to ofHn e t W he t ti lc t ked a utt phot lne couns a guedt tBum pas ' ml t. n he ra our as bo he o i up, el r ha s c c ofH a l t' pi t e wast t tve asr f e t by he s a e e t tt phot onl hoi e m e t s c ur en a i , e l c ed r t t m nt ha he o y Gooked lke'he at cke , t l i ' r ta r whoha l d younge t n t ma i t pi t e. Hn l tsmpl d ooke r ha he n n he cur m et i y f ist de a l o monsr t t tco elspe f m a ewa de i e ort s ta e ha uns ' ror nc s fcint o how ar a o bl lkelhoo e s na e i i d t tpr s i t dif r nta g ent Ham l t of e s woul have r s t d i ac tal The ha e entng he f e e r um s e t fr d e ule n quit . cam tu fisu e b t p rso teSrc lnda lss t esaec u tsa j d c to wa no li h s al nd r oh a t f h tika nay i,h tt o r' du iai n s t 6 Bum pas t tfed t s sa Haml tt ck a ci e t but i o he yar ass a s esii hat he w et li gar te t nt r d he nived att he hous buts al o t d Ofi rSi nst s di notknow how t r e, he s ol fce mpki hat he d he ecove ed ci r t but tgot r ga ete t t t e. her ' ' 13 c r r t ora uv ea ona e a i to off r ll w, a unr s bl i e r tton oft onta y o n s bl pplcai n ede a a or n ea ona e nt p e ai he fcs a dCli 3 b mus b ds se t rj2 4 * . a t, n am ( ) t e imis d mde 25 4 II l Fort r s sa e t co tg a t t m o i t dim isa dim is sHa lt' he ea ons t t d, he ur r n s he ton o s s nd s s e m ets j2254peiin.Ana opraeor rwile e t sda tto ppr it de l ntr hi y. Pe ii ri ad s d t the m a a ttone s vi e ha y ppea t s d i i plr ua tt Rul s 3 a 4 oft l hi ec s on, zs n o e nd he F d rlRulso Ap elt Pr c d r ,faj dg o t eUntdS ae Co r o Ap asf rt e e e a e f p lae o e u e i u e f h ie tts u t f pe l o h Fourh Cic tort sc tis ac riiaeofa albiiy,purua t 28U. C.j2253/) t rui hi our sues etfc t ppe a lt s nt o S. . A ce tfc t ofa rii a e ppeaabiiym a i s onl i t a i a hasm a a s t n i ls l lt y s ue y f he pplc nt de ubsa ta howi of ng t de a ofac tt i rgh .j2253()1 .Thec ttndst tpettone ha f iedt he nil onsiutonal i t c( ) our i ha ii r s al o demonsr t i s t ntals ta e t ubsa i howi oft de a ofa c tt i lrgh 'a t r or t a ng he nil onsiutona i t' nd he ef e,he cou tde i t is a c riiaeofa lbiiypurua t Rul 22( oft Fe r Ruls r clnes o sue ny e tfc t ppeaa lt s nt o e b) he deal e ofAppelt Pr ce e.Se MilrElv.Coc el537U. 322 ( lae o dur e le krl, S. 2003) Slc v.McDanil ; ak e, 5 U. 473( 29 S. 2000) fpeii ri e t a ala s e ac tfc t ofa l lt fom .l ttone ntnds o ppe nd e k eriiae ppeaabiiy r t Unied St t Cour ofAppe l f t Fourh Cic t hi fr tse i t fl anotc of he t aes t a s or he t r ui, s is t p s o ie ie a a wih t sc twihi 30 da oft da eofe r oft sm e a ppe l t hi our t n ys he t nty hi mor ndum opi on a t ni nd he a ompa ng or r orwihi s h e e d perod a t c t a gr pur ua t Rul cc nyi de s t n uc xtnde i s he our m y ant s nt o e 4()5) a( . TheCl k i die t d t s d c e oft sme a er s r c e o en opis hi mor ndum opi on a a compa ng ni nd c nyi or rt pe ii r de o ttone . ENTER:Thi ;' da ofJ y, 2012. s 1 y ul Chi fU nied St t s Di t i tJ e t a e sr c udge 14